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Encyclopedia > Kochi, India
  ?Kochi
Kerala • India
Nickname: Queen of the Arabian Sea
Ernakulam, as seen from the Vembanad Lake
Coordinates: 9°58′37″N 76°16′12″E / 9.977, 76.27
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Area
Elevation
Coastline
94.88 km² (37 sq mi)
• 0 m (0 ft)
• 48 km (30 mi)
Climate
Precipitation
Am (Köppen)
• 2,743 mm (108 in)
District(s) Ernakulam
Population
Density
Metro
Sex ratio
Literacy rate
596,473[1] (2001)
• 6,250/km² (16,187/sq mi)
• 1,463,000[2] (2005)
• 1.017
• 94.3%
Mayor Mercy Williams
Deputy Mayor C. K. Manisankar
Codes
Pincode
Telephone
UN/LOCODE
Vehicle

• 682 0xx
• +0484
• INKOC
• KL-7
Website: www.corporationofcochin.org

Coordinates: 9°58′37″N 76°16′12″E / 9.977, 76.27 Kochi (pronunciation ; Malayalam: കൊച്ചി [koˈʧːi]); formerly known as Cochin) is a city in the Indian state of Kerala. The city is one of the principal seaports of the country and is located in the district of Ernakulam, about 220 kilometres (137 mi) north of the state capital, Thiruvananthapuram. It has an estimated population of 600,000, with an extended metropolitan population of about 1.5 million, making it the largest urban agglomeration and the second largest city in Kerala after the capital. According to data compiled by economics research firm Indicus Analytics on residences, earnings and investments, the best city in India to reside is Kochi. Interestingly 4 other Kerala cities Kozhikode, Thiruvananthapuram, Thrissur and Kannur also found place in the top ten list. Indicus considered six parameters -- health, education, environment, safety, public facilities and entertainment -- for preparing the 'reside-in' index.[3] Cochin may refer to: Cochin city, the former name of the city of Kochi, India Kingdom of Cochin, a former princely state of India, merged with Travancore to form the State of Kerala Cochin China, former name for the southernmost part of Vietnam Cochin (chicken), a breed of chicken known... , Kerala ( ; Malayalam: കേരളം; ) is a state on the Malabar Coast of southwestern India. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Skyline_de_Kochi. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links India_Kerala_locator_map. ... Image File history File links Locator_Dot. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... Location of Mirzapur and the 82. ... The geography of India is diverse, with landscape ranging from snow-capped mountain ranges to deserts, plains, rainforests, hills, and plateaus. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... To help compare different orders of magnitude and geographical regions, we list here areas between 100 km² and 1000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... India has a large variation in climate from region to region, due to its vast size. ... The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems. ... The divisions of a district. ... , For the town with the same name, see Ernakulam. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Sex ratio by country for total population. ... Literacy is the ability to use text to communicate across space and time. ... 2001 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and also: The International Year of the Volunteer The United Nations Year of Dialogue Among Civilizations Events January January 1 - A black monolith measuring approximately nine feet tall appears in Seattles Magnuson Park, placed by an anonymous... 2005 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Mercy Williams is the 16th and current mayor of Kochi, Kerala. ... C. K. Manisankar is the 16th and current deputy mayor of the Indian port city of Kochi. ... Example of a PIN: The PIN code of Ujjain in Madhya Pradesh A Postal Index Number or PIN or Pincode is the post office numbering or post code system used by the Indian Postal Service. ... For the past decade or so, telecommunication activities have gained momentum in India. ... UN/LOCODE is a geographic coding scheme developed and maintained by United Nations Economic Commission for Europe, a unit of the United Nations. ... Licence plates on the back of a taxi in Kolkata. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... Image File history File links Kochi. ... Malayalam ( ) is the language spoken predominantly in the state of Kerala, in southern India. ... India is a federal republic comprising twenty-eight states and seven union territories. ... , Kerala ( ; Malayalam: കേരളം; ) is a state on the Malabar Coast of southwestern India. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Port. ... , For the town with the same name, see Ernakulam. ... “km” redirects here. ... “Miles” redirects here. ... , Thiruvananthapuram   (Malayalam: തിരുവനന്തപുരം TiruvanÅ­ntapuraṁ), also known as Trivandrum, is the capital of the Indian state of Kerala and the headquarters of the Thiruvananthapuram District. ... The urban agglomeration (UA) of Kochi (pronunciation?·i; Malayalam: കൊച്ചി [Kocci]); formerly known as Cochin) is the largest UA in the Indian state of Kerala. ... In the study of human settlements, an agglomeration is an extended city or town area comprising the built-up area of a central place (usually a municipality) and any suburbs or adjacent satellite towns. ...


Since 1102 CE, Kochi was the seat of the Kingdom of Cochin, a princely state which traces its lineage to the Kulasekhara empire. Heralded as the Queen of the Arabian Sea, Kochi was an important spice trading centre on the Arabian Sea coast from the 14th century onwards. Ancient travellers and tradesmen referred to Kochi in their writings, variously alluding to it as Cocym, Cochym, Cochin, and Cochi. Occupied by the Portuguese in 1503, Kochi was the site of the first European colonial settlement in India. It remained the capital of Portuguese India until 1530, when Goa became the capital. The city was later occupied by the Dutch, the Mysore and the British. Kochi was the first princely state to willingly join the Indian Union, when India gained independence in 1947. It has been suggested that Gosree be merged into this article or section. ... A princely state is any state under the reign of a prince and is thus a principality taken in the broad sense. ... The Kulasekhara dynasty is one of the three surviving royal lineages that ruled the current Indian state of Kerala. ... The Arabian Sea (Arabic: بحر العرب; transliterated: Bahr al-Arab) is a region of the Indian Ocean bounded on the east by India, on the north by Pakistan and Iran, on the west by Arabian Peninsula, on the south, approximately, by a line between Cape Guardafui, the north-east point of Somalia... For other uses, see Spice (disambiguation). ... European settlements in India (1501-1739). ... Portuguese India evolution Capital Cochin (1510-1530); Nova Goa Language(s) Portuguese Political structure Ultramarine Province King President  - 1511-1521 Manuel I  - 1958-1961 Américo de Deus Rodrigues Tomás Viceroy  - 1505-1509 Francisco de Almeida (first)  - 1827-1835 Manuel de Portugal e Castro (last) Governor-general  - 1509-1515... For other uses, see Goa (disambiguation). ... Flag of former princely state of Mysore. ... The Republic of India is a large country in South Asia, and one of only two countries in the world with a population of over one billion. ...


Kochi experienced decades of economic stagnation from independence until 2003, when it entered a period of economic growth, leading to a spurt in the city's development. A growing centre of information technology, tourism and international trade, Kochi is the commercial hub of Kerala, and one of the fastest growing second-tier metros in India. Like other large cities in the developing world, Kochi continues to struggle with urbanisation problems such as traffic congestion and environmental degradation. Economic stagnation, often called simply stagnation is a prolonged period of slow economic growth (traditionally measured in terms of the GDP growth). ... The economy of India, when measured in USD exchange-rate terms, is the twelfth largest in the world, with a GDP of US $1. ... Information and communication technology spending in 2005 Information technology (IT), as defined by the Information Technology Association of America (ITAA), is the study, design, development, implementation, support or management of computer-based information systems, particularly software applications and computer hardware. ... The Taj Mahal in Agra, Uttar Pradesh, is one of Indias most popular tourist destination India – the land to travel to, a haven of tourism delights, a civilization to tour through. ... International trade is the exchange of goods and services across international boundaries or territories. ... The following is a list of Indian city statuses used by the Government of India to allocate compensatory allowances to the cities in the country. ... Urbanization is the degree of or increase in urban character or nature. ... This article needs additional references or sources to facilitate its verification. ... Environmental degradation is the deterioration of the environment through depletion of resources such as air, water and soil; the destruction of ecosystems and the extinction of wildlife. ...


Successive waves of migration over the course of several millennia have made Kochi a cultural melting pot. Despite the risk of overdevelopment, the city retains its distinct colonial heritage and a blend of tradition and modernity. Net migration rates for 2006: positive (blue), negative (orange) and stable (green). ... Alternate meaning: crucible (science) The melting pot is a metaphor for the way in which heterogenous societies develop, in which the ingredients in the pot (iron, tin; people of different backgrounds and religions, etc. ... Overdevelopment refers to a process by which natural resources are impacted by urbanization and/or road construction, at a rate significantly harmful to the ecosystem. ...

Contents

Name

Theories regarding the etymology of the name "Kochi" are disputed.[4] One suggests that the city's modern name is derived from the Malayalam word koch azhi, meaning 'small lagoon'. Another version mentions the name as derivative of the Sanskrit word Go shree which means 'prosperous with cows'. Certain ancient texts refer to the city Balapuri (Sanskrit for 'small town'), which became Cochin in course of time.[5] According to some accounts, traders from the court of the Chinese ruler Khubilai Khan gave Cochin the name of their homeland. Yet another theory is that Kochi is derived from the word Kaci meaning 'harbour'. Certain scholars claim that Cochin is derived from the term Cocha, which is a transfiguration of the Biblical term Cohen.[4] Accounts by Italian explorers Nicolo Conti (15th century), and Fra Paoline in the 17th century say that it was called Kochchi, named after the river connecting the backwaters to the sea. Etymologies redirects here. ... Malayalam ( ) is the language spoken predominantly in the state of Kerala, in southern India. ... This mid bay barrier in Narrabeen, a suburb of Sydney (Australia), has blocked what used to be a bay to form a lagoon. ... The Sanskrit language ( , for short ) is a classical language of India, a liturgical language of Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism, and one of the 23 official languages of India. ... For the volcano in Indonesia, see Emperor of China (volcano). ... Kublai Khan or Khubilai Khan (1215 - 1294), Mongol military leader, was Khan (1260-1294) of the Mongol Empire and founder and first Emperor (1279-1294) of the Yuan Dynasty. ... This Gutenberg Bible is displayed by the United States Library. ... Cohen (disambiguation) Position of the kohens hands and fingers during the Priestly Blessing A kohen (or cohen, Hebrew כּהן, priest, pl. ... Niccolò Da Conti (also Nicolò de Conti) (1395–1469) was a Venetian merchant and explorer, born in Chioggia, who traveled to India and Southeast Asia during the early 15th century. ... Fra Paolino was a 17th century Italian traveller, known for his travels in the Indian Ocean region. ... In Indian English (English usage as per those speaking it in India), a backwater is a body of saltwater (connected to the sea) which has a lake-like absence of surf and tides. ...


After the arrival of the Portuguese, and later the British, the name Cochin stuck as the official appellation. The city reverted to a closer anglicisation of its original Malayalam name, Kochi, in 1996. However, it is still widely referred to as Cochin. The Indian renaming controversy is a result of a movement to change the names of Indian cities from the names used during the British imperial period, back to regional or Indian names. ... This does not cite any references or sources. ...

Cheena vala (Chinese fishing nets); Kochi is the only place outside of China where these fishing structures are used.
Cheena vala (Chinese fishing nets); Kochi is the only place outside of China where these fishing structures are used.
The old Dutch cemetery in Kochi

Image File history File links Please see the file description page for further information. ... Image File history File links Please see the file description page for further information. ... Kochi fishing net Cheena vala (Chinese fishing net), Kochi Raising the net The Chinese fishing nets (Cheena vala) of Kochi (formerly known as Cochin), a city in Kerala, south India are fixed land installations for an unusual form of fishing. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x768, 574 KB) Summary source: http://www. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x768, 574 KB) Summary source: http://www. ... Castle Ashby Graveyard Northamptonshire A cemetery is a place in which dead bodies and cremated remains are buried. ...

History

Main article: History of Kochi

Kochi was the centre of Indian spice trade for many centuries, and was known to the Yavanas (Greeks) as well as Romans, Jews, Arabs, and Chinese since ancient times.[6] Kochi rose to significance as a trading centre after the port at Kodungallur (Cranganore) was destroyed by massive flooding of the river Periyar in 1341.[7] The earliest documented references to Kochi occur in books written by Chinese voyager Ma Huan during his visit to Kochi in the 15th century as part of Admiral Zheng He's treasure fleet.[8] There are also references to Kochi in accounts written by Italian traveller Niccolò Da Conti, who visited Kochi in 1440.[9] Kochi ((?); Malayalam: കൊച്ചി []); formerly known as Cochin) is a city in the Indian state of Kerala. ... Spices at the central market of Agadir, Morocco in May 2005 The spice trade has been of major economic importance throughout human history and it particularly helped spur the Age of Exploration. ... ... Ancient Rome was a civilization that grew from a small agricultural community founded on the Italian Peninsula circa the 9th century BC to a massive empire straddling the Mediterranean Sea. ... For other uses, see Arab (disambiguation). ... , “Cranganore” redirects here. ... Periyar is one of the major river in Kerala. ... A page from Ming dynasty woodcut printed edtion of Ying-yai Sheng-lan by Ma Huan Ma Huan(Chinese 马欢),courtesy name Chung-dao宗道, pen name Mountain-woodcutter, born in Hui Ji county of Zhejiang province. ... A modern illustration of Zheng He, by an unidentified artist. ...


The Kingdom of Kochi came into existence in 1102, after the fall of the Kulasekhara empire.[10] The King of Kochi had authority over the region encompassing the present city of Kochi and adjoining areas. The reign was hereditary, and the family that ruled over Kochi was known as the Cochin Royal Family (Perumpadappu Swaroopam in the local vernacular). The mainland Kochi remained the capital of the princely state since the 18th century. However, during much of this time, the kingdom was under foreign rule, and the King often only had titular privileges. Perumpadapu Swaroopam (also know as Madarajyam, Goshree Rajyam, Kuru Swaroopam) was the name of the Kingdom of Kochi. ... Cochin Royal Family were rulers of Cochin or Kochi. ...

Hebrew inscription at the Paradesi Synagogue
Hebrew inscription at the Paradesi Synagogue

Fort Kochi in Kochi was the first European colonial settlement in India. From 1503 to 1663, Fort Kochi was ruled by Portugal. This Portuguese period was difficult for the Jews installed in the region, since the Inquisition was active in Portuguese India. Kochi hosted the grave of Vasco da Gama, the first European explorer to set sail for India, who was buried at St. Francis Church until his remains were returned to Portugal in 1539.[11] The Portuguese rule was followed by that of the Dutch, who had allied with the Zamorins in order to conquer Kochi. By 1773, the Mysore King Hyder Ali extended his conquest in the Malabar region to Kochi forcing it to become a tributary of Mysore. The hereditary Prime Ministership of Kochi held by the Paliath Achans came to an end during this period. Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Hebrew redirects here. ... The Paradesi Synagogue is the oldest synagogue in the Commonwealth of Nations, located in Kochi, Kerala, in South India. ... This article or section is not written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia article. ... This article is about the Inquisition by the Roman Catholic Church. ... For other uses, see Vasco da Gama (disambiguation). ... Zamorin is the anglicised version of Samoothirippadu or Samoothiri or Swamy Thirumulpad, a title of the rulers of the erstwhile Hindu state of Kozhikode (previously known as Calicut)(Nediyirippu Swarupam), located in the present day state of Kerala, India, between the 14th and 18th century AD. Manavikraman Raja, the Samoothiri... Hyder Ali or Haidar Ali (c. ... The Malabar region lies along the southwest coast of India and forms the northern part of the present-day state of Kerala. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


Meanwhile, the Dutch, fearing an outbreak of war on the United Provinces signed a treaty with the United Kingdom, under which Kochi was ceded to the United Kingdom in exchange for the island of Bangka. However, there are evidences of English habitation in the region even prior to the signing of the treaty.[12] In 1866, Fort Kochi became a municipality, and its first Municipal Council election was conducted in 1883. The Maharaja of Cochin, who ruled under the British, in 1896 initiated local administration by forming town councils in Mattancherry and Ernakulam. In 1925, Kochi legislative assembly was constituted due to public pressure on the state. Map of Dutch Republic by Joannes Janssonius United Netherlands redirects here. ... The Anglo-Dutch Treaty of 1814, also known as the Convention of London (one of several) was a treaty signed between the United Kingdom and the United Provinces in London on August 13, 1814. ... Bangka Island is an island lying east of Sumatra, Indonesia. ... A municipality is an administrative entity composed of a clearly defined territory and its population and commonly referring to a city, town, or village, or a small grouping of them. ... Major-General H.H. Farzand-i-Dilband Rasikh- al-Iqtidad-i-Daulat-i-Inglishia, Raja-i-Rajagan, Maharaja Sir Jagatjit Singh, Bahadur, Maharaja of Kapurthala, GCSI , GCIE , GBE The word Mahārāja (also spelled maharajah) is Sanskrit for great king or high king (a karmadharaya from mahānt great... The Jain temple at Mattancherry Mattancherry is the western part of Kochi corporarion in Ernakulam district of Kerala, south India. ... The skyline of Ernakaulam Ernakulam (Malayalam : എറണാകുളം ) refers to the western part of the mainland of Kochi city in Kerala, India. ...

The temple adjoining the Mattancherry Palace

Towards the early 20th century, trade at the port had increased substantially, and the need to develop the port was greatly felt. Harbour engineer Robert Bristow was brought to Kochi in 1920 under the direction of Lord Willingdon, then the Governor of Madras. In a span of 21 years, he transformed Kochi as one of the safest harbours in the peninsula, where ships berthed alongside the newly reclaimed inner harbour equipped with a long array of steam cranes.[13][14] This photograph was taken by me in December 2000. ... This photograph was taken by me in December 2000. ... The Gopuram of temples, in south India, are adorned with colourful icons depicting a particular story surrounding the temples deity. ... Category: Possible copyright violations ... Sir Robert Bristow (born December 13, 1880 in London - died September 3, 1966) was a British harbour engineer who is best known for his contributions to the development of the port of Kochi in India. ... The Right Honourable George Freeman Thomas, PC later Freeman-Thomas, 1st Marquess of Willingdon of Ratton (September 12, 1866 - August 12, 1941) was a British Liberal politician who served as Governor General of Canada and Viceroy of India. ... Madras Presidency, also known as Madras Province and known officially as Presidency of Fort St. ...


In 1947, India gained independence from the British colonial rule. Cochin was the first princely state to join the Indian Union willingly.[15] In 1949, Travancore-Cochin state came into being with the merger of Cochin and Travancore. The King of Travancore was the Rajpramukh of the Travancore-Cochin Union from 1949 to 1956. Travancore-Cochin, was in turn merged with the Malabar district of the Madras State. Finally, the Government of India's States Reorganisation Act (1956) inaugurated a new state — Kerala — incorporating Travancore-Cochin (excluding the four southern Taluks which were merged with Tamil Nadu), Malabar District, and the taluk of Kasargod, South Kanara.[16] On 9 July 1960, the Mattancherry council passed a resolution—which was forwarded to the government—requesting the formation of a municipal corporation by combining the existing municipalities of Fort Kochi, Mattancherry, and Ernakulam. The government appointed a commission to study the feasibility of the suggested merger. Based on its report, the Kerala Legislative Assembly approved the corporation's formation. On 1 November 1967, exactly eleven years since the establishment of the state of Kerala, the corporation of Cochin came into existence. The merger leading to the establishment of the corporation, was between the municipalities of Ernakulam, Mattancherry and Fort Kochi, along with that of the Willingdon Island, four panchayats (Palluruthy, Vennala, Vyttila and Edappally), and the small islands of Gundu and Ramanthuruth. A princely state is any state under the reign of a prince and is thus a principality taken in the broad sense. ... Thiru-Kochi, formerly known as Travancore-Cochin, is a former state of India. ... Flag for former princely state of Travancore Travancore or Thiruvithaamkoor (Malayalam: തിരുവിതാങ്കൂര്‍ [], തിരുവിതാംകൂര്‍ [], തിരുവിതാങ്കോട് []) was a princely state in India with its capital at Trivandrum (Thiruvananthapuram). ... Rajpramukh was an administrative title in India which existed from Indias independence in 1947 until 1956. ... Malabar District was an administrative district of British India and independent Indias Madras State. ... The Government of India (Hindi: भारत सरकार [1]Bhārat Sarkār), officially referred to as the Union Government, and commonly as Central Government, was established by the Constitution of India, and is the governing authority of a federal union of 28 states and 7 union territories, collectively called the Republic of... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Tamil Nadu (தமிழ் நாடு, Land of the Tamils) is a state at the southern tip of India. ... The equivalent terms tehsil, tahsil, tahasil, taluka, taluk, and taluq refer to a unit of government in some countries of the Indian subcontinent. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Dakshina Kannada, also called South Kannada, South Kanara, or South Canara, is a district of Indias Karnataka state. ... is the 190th day of the year (191st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... A Municipal Corporation is a legal defintion for a local governing body, including (but not necessarily limited to) cities, counties, and towns. ... The Kerala Legislative Assembly is the legislative branch of the Government of Kerala, one of the 28 states in India. ... is the 305th day of the year (306th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the 1967 Gregorian calendar. ... Corporation of Kochi (or Corporation of Cochin) is a municipal corporation, that manages the Indian city of Kochi (formerly known as Cochin). ... Willingdon Island is the home of the modern port that serves Cochin in Kerala, India. ... // The Panchayat (पंचायत in Devanagiri) is an Indian political system that groups five villages in a quincunx (four peripheral villages around a central one were laid out as the 5 side of a die). ... Palluruthy is one of the earlier panchayats of Kerala that was amalgamated with other panchayats during the formation of Kochi corporation. ... Vennala is one of the earlier panchayats of Kerala, India that was amalgamated with other panchayats during the formation of Kochi corporation. ... Vyttila is a commercial area in the city of Kochi, India. ... Edappally is a fast growing town in the suburbs of Cochin City in Kerala state, south India. ... The Gundu Island is one of the many islands that make up the city of Kochi, Kerala, India. ... Ramanthuruth is one of the islands that make up the city of Kochi, Kerala, India. ...


Kochi witnessed economic stagnation in the years following India's independence. The city's economic recovery gathered momentum after economic reforms in India introduced by the central government in the mid-1990s. Since 2000, the service sector has revitalised the city’s stagnant economy. The establishment of several industrial parks based on Information technology (IT) triggered a construction and realty boom in the city. Over the years, Kochi has witnessed rapid commercialisation, and has today grown into the commercial capital of Kerala.[17] Economic reform in India is something which is under close study. ... The Government of India (Hindi: भारत सरकार [1]Bhārat Sarkār), officially referred to as the Union Government, and commonly as Central Government, was established by the Constitution of India, and is the governing authority of a federal union of 28 states and 7 union territories, collectively called the Republic of... The tertiary sector of industry (also known as the service sector or the service industry) is one of the three main industrial categories of a developed economy, the others being the secondary industry (manufacturing), and primary industry (extraction such as mining, agriculture and fishing). ...

See also: Kingdom of Cochin and Cochin Royal Family

It has been suggested that Gosree be merged into this article or section. ... Cochin Royal Family were rulers of Cochin or Kochi. ...

Geography and climate

Main article: Geography of Kochi
A view of the Kochi harbour mouth from Willingdon Island
A view of the Kochi harbour mouth from Willingdon Island

Kochi is located on the southwest coast of India at 9°58′N, 76°13′E, spanning an area of 94.88 square kilometres (36.63 sq mi). The city is situated at the northern end of a peninsula, about 19 kilometres (12 mi) long and less than one mile (1.6 km) wide. To the west lies the Arabian Sea, and to the east are estuaries drained by perennial rivers originating in the Western Ghats. Much of Kochi lies at sea level, with a coastline of 48 km.[18] Location of Kochi in India Kochi ((?); Malayalam: കൊച്ചി []); formerly known as Cochin) is a city in the Indian state of Kerala. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (511x768, 85 KB) Summary From wikitravel : http://wikitravel. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (511x768, 85 KB) Summary From wikitravel : http://wikitravel. ... Willingdon Island is the home of the modern port that serves Cochin in Kerala, India. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... “Miles” redirects here. ... For other meanings, see Estuary (disambiguation) Río de la Plata estuary An estuary is a semi-enclosed coastal body of water with one or more rivers or streams flowing into it, and with a free connection to the open sea. ... The Agasthiyamalai range of the Western Ghats The Western Ghats are a mountain range in India. ...


The current metropolitan limits of Kochi include the mainland Ernakulam, old Kochi, the suburbs of Edapally, Kalamassery and Kakkanad to the northeast; Tripunithura to the south east; and a group of islands closely scattered in the Vembanad Lake. Most of these islands are very small, varying in extent from six square kilometre to less than a square kilometre (1,500 to less than 250 acres). The skyline of Ernakaulam Ernakulam (Malayalam : എറണാകുളം ) refers to the western part of the mainland of Kochi city in Kerala, India. ... Edapally is a place in the city of Kochi from where the National Highway NH-17 begins and continues upto Panvel, Maharashtra, in India. ... Kalamassery is a municipality in Ernakulam district in the Indian state of Kerala. ... Kakkanad is the administrative headquarters of the district of Ernakulam in Kerala, India. ... Thrippunithura is a satellite town south-east of Ernakulam Cochin City. ... Location of Vembanad lake, Kerala Vembanad Lake (Vembanad Kayal or Vembanad Kol) is the largest lake in Kerala, India. ... An acre is the name of a unit of area in a number of different systems, including Imperial units and United States customary units. ...


Soil consists of sediments such as alluvium, teri's, brown sands etc. Hydromorphic saline soils are also found in the areas surrounding the backwaters.[19] Predominant rock types found here are Archaean-basic dykes, Charnockites and Gneisses. An ecologically sensitive area, the Mangalavanam Bird Sanctuary is located in the central part of the city. It has a wide range of mangrove species and is nesting ground for a vast variety of migratory birds. Certain species of dolphins are also present in the backwaters. This article or section cites very few or no references or sources. ... Alluvium (from the Latin, alluvius, from alluere, to wash against) is soil or sediments deposited by a river or other running water. ... For other uses, see Sand (disambiguation). ... Saline may refer to: Salinity Saline (medicine) Saline, Michigan Saline, Scotland - a village in the burgh of Fife, Scotland. ... The Archean is a geologic eon; it is a somewhat antiquated term for the time span between 2500 million years before the present and 3800 million years before the present. ... A dike in geology refers to a tabular intrusive igneous body. ... Charnockite is a series of foliated metamorphosed igneous rocks of wide distribution and great importance in India, Ceylon, Madagascar and Africa. ... Gneiss Gneiss (IPA: ) is a common and widely distributed type of rock formed by high-grade regional metamorphic processes from preexisting formations that were originally either igneous or sedimentary rocks, which most commonly forms on ancient seabeds. ... Mangalavanam is an ecologically sensitive area sitated at the centre of the Indian city of Kochi. ... Flock of Barnacle Geese during autumn migration Bird migration refers to the regular seasonal journeys of varying distances undertaken by many species of birds. ... For other uses, see Dolphin (disambiguation). ...


Kochi's proximity to the equator along with its coastal location results in little seasonal temperature variation, with moderate to high levels of humidity. Annual temperatures range between 20 to 35 °C (68–95 °F) with the record high being 38 °C (100 °F), and record low 17 °C (63 °F).[20] From June through September, the south-west monsoon brings in heavy rains as Kochi lies on the windward side of the Western Ghats. From October to December, Kochi receives light rain from the northwest monsoon, as it lies on the leeward side. Average annual rainfall is 3,500 millimetres (138 in), with an annual average of 132 rainy days. Celsius is, or relates to, the Celsius temperature scale (previously known as the centigrade scale). ... For other uses, see Fahrenheit (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Monsoon (disambiguation). ... A millimetre (American spelling: millimeter, symbol mm) is an SI unit of length that is equal to one thousandth of a metre. ... An inch (plural: inches; symbol or abbreviation: in or, sometimes, ″ - a double prime) is the name of a unit of length in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ...


Civic administration

Kochi City officials
Mayor
Mercy Williams
Deputy Mayor
   C. K. Manisankar    
Police Commissioner
Manoj Abraham

The city is administered by the Kochi Corporation, headed by a mayor. For administrative purposes, the city is divided into 70 wards, from which the members of the corporation council are elected for a period of five years. The Corporation has its headquarters in Ernakulam, and zonal offices at Fort Kochi, Mattancherry, Palluruthy, Edappally, Vaduthala and Vyttila. The general administration of the city is handled by the Personnel Department and the Council Section. Other departments include that of town planning, health, engineering, revenue and accounts.[21] The corporation is also responsible for waste disposal, sewage management and the supply of potable water, sourced from the Periyar River.[22] Electricity is provided by the Kerala State Electricity Board. A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... Mercy Williams is the 16th and current mayor of Kochi, Kerala. ... The Deputy Mayor of a community is the number two official to the mayor. ... C. K. Manisankar is the 16th and current deputy mayor of the Indian port city of Kochi. ... Police Commissioner (or Commissioner of Police) is the title of the chief officer of many law enforcement agencies. ... Corporation of Kochi is a municipal corporation, that manages the Indian city of Kochi. ... This article or section is not written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia article. ... Vaduthala is a suburb of the city of Kochi, India. ... Urban planning is concerned with the ordering and design of settlements, from the smallest towns to the worlds largest cities. ... Drinking water This article focuses on water as we experience it every day. ... Kerala State Electricity Board or KSEB is an agency under the State govrnment of the Indian State of Kerala, that generates, provides and regulates the electricity supply in the state. ...


The Greater Cochin Development Authority (GCDA) is the government agency overseeing the development of Kochi. The Kochi City Police is headed by a Police Commissioner, an Indian Police Service (IPS) officer. It comprises the traffic police, Narcotics Cell, Armed Reserve Camps, District Crime Records Bureau, Senior citizen's Cell, and a Women's Cell.[23] It operates 19 police stations functioning under the Home Ministry of State Government. An anti-corruption branch of the Central Bureau of Investigation also operates out of the city. Kochi is the seat of the High Court of Kerala, the highest judicial body in the state. The High Court also has jurisdiction over the Union Territory of Lakshadweep. Greater Cochin Development Authority is the government overseeing agency for the development of the Indian port city of Kochi, Kerala. ... Kochi City Police or the Cochin City Police is the police force of the Indian city of Kochi. ... Police Commissioner (or Commissioner of Police) is the title of the chief officer of many law enforcement agencies. ... The Indian Police Service (IPS) is one of the three All India Services of the Government of India; other two services being the Indian Administrative Service (IAS) and the Indian Foreign Service (IFS). ... A highway patrol is either a police agency created primarily for the purpose of overseeing traffic safety compliance on roads and highways, such as the California Highway Patrol, or a detail within an existing local or regional police agency that is primarily concerned with such duties, such as the HWP... 19th century Heroin bottle This article is about the drug classification. ... Old age consists of ages nearing the average lifespan of human beings, and thus the end of the human life cycle. ... World map of the Corruption Perceptions Index by Transparency International, which measures the degree to which corruption is perceived to exist among public officials and politicians. High numbers (green) indicate relatively less corruption, whereas lower numbers (red) indicate relatively more corruption. ... The CBI emblem. ... Photograph of High Court complex from outside High Court of Kerala is the highest Court in the State of Kerala and in the Union Territory of Lakshadweep. ... A Union Territory is an administrative division of India. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Kochi contributes five seats to the State Assembly, and a seat to the Lok Sabha, the Lower House of the Indian Parliament. The Lok Sabhha (alternatively titled, the House of the People, by the Constitution of India) is the lower house in the Parliament of India. ... Sansad Bhavan, The Parliament of India The Parliament of India (or Sansad) is bicameral. ...


Economy

Main article: Economy of Kochi
The Vismaya building at InfoPark, Kochi

Kochi is the economic capital of Kerala by volume of trade; though, unlike other South Indian cities, Kochi has been slow to industrialise.[17][24] In recent years the city has rejuvenated from its economic stagnation and has witnessed heavy investment, thus making it one of the fastest-growing second-tier metro cities in India.[25][26] The economy of the city can be classified as a business economy with emphasis on the service sector.[27] Major business sectors include gold and textile retailing, seafood and spices exports, information technology (IT), tourism, health services, banking, shipbuilding, and the fishing industry. The economy is mostly dependent on trade and retail activities.[28] As in most of Kerala, remittances from non-resident Indians (NRI)s is a major source of income.[29] The city also houses Kerala's only bourse—the Cochin Stock Exchange. A ship under construction at the Cochin Shipyard dock, Kochi. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Vismaya_infopark_kochi. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Vismaya_infopark_kochi. ... The Vismaya building at InfoPark, Kochi InfoPark is a information technology park promoted by the government, located at Kochi, India. ... The geographical south of India includes all Indian territory below the 20th parallel. ... A factory in Ilmenau (Germany) around 1860 Industrialisation (also spelt Industrialization) or an Industrial Revolution is a process of social and economic change whereby a human group is transformed from a pre-industrial society (an economy where the amount of capital accumulated per capita is low) to an industrial one... Economic stagnation, often called simply stagnation is a prolonged period of slow economic growth (traditionally measured in terms of the GDP growth). ... The following is a list of Indian city statuses used by the Government of India to allocate compensatory allowances to the cities in the country. ... The tertiary sector of industry (also known as the service sector or the service industry) is one of the three main industrial categories of a developed economy, the others being the secondary industry (manufacturing), and primary industry (extraction such as mining, agriculture and fishing). ... Information and communication technology spending in 2005 Information technology (IT), as defined by the Information Technology Association of America (ITAA), is the study, design, development, implementation, support or management of computer-based information systems, particularly software applications and computer hardware. ... Medical tourism (also called medical travel or health tourism) is a term initially coined by travel agencies and the mass media to describe the rapidly-growing practice of traveling to another country to obtain health care. ... NRI redirects here. ... A stock exchange is an organization of which the members are stock brokers. ... The Cochin Stock Exchange Limited (CSE) is located at Kochi, Kerala in India. ...


Kochi is a major destination for IT and ITES companies, ranked by NASSCOM as the second-most attractive city in India for IT-based services.[30] Availability of cheap bandwidth through undersea cables and lower operational costs compared to other major cities in India, has been to its advantage. Various technology and industrial campuses including the government promoted InfoPark, Cochin Special Economic Zone and KINFRA Export Promotion Industrial Park operate in the outskirts of the city. Several new industrial campuses for research, trade and development in biotechnology, electronic hardware and information technology are in various stages of construction in the suburbs of the city. Prominent among them are the Sobha Hi-tech city at Maradu and the SmartCity at Kakkanad, which on completion, would rank among the largest such ventures in the country.[31][32] The Cochin International Airport is also in the process of setting up an aerotropolis at Nedumbasserry. Information technology enabled services, or ITES, is a form of outsourced service which has emerged due to involvement of IT in various fields such as banking and finance, telecommunications, insurance, etc. ... The National Association of Software and Services Companies (NASSCOM), the Indian chamber of commerce that serves as an interface to the Indian Software Industry and Indian BPO Industry NASSCOM’s member companies are in the business of software development, software services, and IT-enabled/BPO services. ... Bandwidth is the difference between the upper and lower cutoff frequencies of, for example, a filter, a communication channel, or a signal spectrum, and is typically measured in hertz. ... The multitude of layers in a submarine communications cable is revealed by its Cross section. ... The Vismaya building at InfoPark, Kochi InfoPark is a information technology park promoted by the government, located at Kochi, India. ... The Cochin Special Economic Zone is a Special Economic Zone situated at Cochin, Kerala. ... Kerala Industrial Infrastructure Development Corporation (or KINFRA) is a government agency under the State government of the Indian state of Kerala, that understakes development of industrial estates, to nurture industrialisation in the state. ... The structure of insulin Biotechnology is technology based on biology, especially when used in agriculture, food science, and medicine. ... Electronic Hardare refers to interconnected electronic components which perform analog and/or logic operations on received and locally stored information to produce as output and/or store resulting new information and/or to provide control for output actuator mechanisms. ... Sobha Hi-tech city is a planned industry township for knowledge-based companies to be constructed in Kochi, India. ... SmartCity Kochi is a planned industry township for knowledge-based companies to be constructed in Kochi, India, the commercial capital of the south Indian state of Kerala. ... An aerotropolis (pl. ...


Eloor, situated 17 kilometres (10.5 mi) north of the city, is the largest industrial belt in Kerala, with more than 250 industries manufacturing a range of products including chemical and petrochemical products, pesticides, rare earth elements, rubber processing chemicals, fertilisers, zinc and chromium compounds, and leather products. Eloor is a small township located 17 km from the city of Kochi in Kerala, India. ... A chemical substance is any material substance used in or obtained by a process in chemistry: A chemical compound is a substance consisting of two or more chemical elements that are chemically combined in fixed proportions. ... Petrochemicals are chemical products made from raw materials of petroleum (hydrocarbon) origin. ... A cropduster spreading pesticide. ... Rare earth ore Rare earth elements and rare earth metals are trivial names sometimes applied to a collection of 17 chemical elements in the periodic table, namely scandium, yttrium, and the lanthanides. ... This does not cite any references or sources. ... Fertilizers are chemicals given to plants with the intention of promoting growth; they are usually applied either via the soil or by foliar spraying. ... General Name, symbol, number zinc, Zn, 30 Chemical series transition metals Group, period, block 12, 4, d Appearance bluish pale gray Standard atomic weight 65. ... REDIRECT [[ Insert text]]EWWWWWWWWWWWWW YO General Name, symbol, number chromium, Cr, 24 Chemical series transition metals Group, period, block 6, 4, d Appearance silvery metallic Standard atomic weight 51. ... For people named Leather, see Leather (surname). ...

The Chinese fishing net bridge in Kochi
The Chinese fishing net bridge in Kochi

Kochi is the headquarters of the Southern Naval Command, the primary training centre of the Indian Navy.[33] The Cochin Shipyard in Kochi is the largest shipbuilding facility in India.[34][35] The Cochin fishing harbour, located at Thoppumpady is a major fishing port in the state and supplies fish to local and export markets. To further tap the potential of the all-season deep-water harbour at Kochi, an international cruise terminal and several marinas are being constructed.[36][37] Image File history File links Marinedrive. ... Image File history File links Marinedrive. ... The Indian Navy is the naval branch of the armed forces of India. ... Cochin Shipyard (CSL) is the largest ship building yard in India. ... Men from Francisco de Orellanas expedition building a small brigantine, the San Pedro, to be used in the search for food Shipbuilding is the construction of ships. ... Thoppumpady is a small town in Ernakulam district of Kerala, south India. ... A small marina at Brixham, Devon, England. ...


Exports and allied activities are also important contributors to the city's economy. The Cochin Port currently handles export and import of container cargo at its terminal at Willington Island. A new international container transshipment terminal—the first in the country—is being commissioned at Vallarpadam.[38] Kochi's historical reliance on trade continues into modern times, as the city is a major exporter of spices and is home to the International Pepper Exchange, where black pepper is globally traded. The Spices Board of India is also headquartered in Kochi. Cochin Port Trust is a body of the Government of Kerala that manages the Indian port of Kochi. ... Containers on the Port of Singapore. ... Transshipment is the shipment of goods to an intermediate destination, and then from there to yet another destination. ... International Pepper Exchange is located at Kochi, India. ... Binomial name L. Black pepper (Piper nigrum) is a flowering vine in the family Piperaceae, cultivated for its fruit, which is usually dried and used as a spice and seasoning. ... Spices Board is the Indian government regulatory and promotion agency for Indian spices. ...


Kochi also has an oil refinery—the Kochi Refineries Limited (KRL) at Ambalamugal. Central Government establishments like the Coconut Development Board, the Coir Board and the Marine Products Export Development Authority (MPEDA) have head offices located in the city. View of Shell Oil Refinery in Martinez, California. ... Kochi Refineries Limited is an oil refinary located at Kochi, Kerala, India. ... Ambalamedu is a small township adjacent to the city of Kochi in Kerala, India. ... Coconut Development Board (CDB) is a statutory body established under the Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India for the integrated development of coconut and related coconut related products. ... Coir Board of India is an Indian government organisation that works for the promotion, research, education and training of the coir industry. ... Marine Products Export Development Authority is an agency of the Indian Government that coordinats with different Central and State Government establishments engaged in marine products and allied activities. ...


Transport

Main article: Transport in Kochi
A private bus speeding through the streets of Kochi

Public transport in the city is largely dependent on private buses. Taxis and autorickshaws (called autos) are available for hire throughout the day. Narrow roads and the mix of vastly differing types of vehicles have made traffic congestion a major problem in the city. A metro rapid transit service, intended to considerably ease congestion, is planned for the city.[39] Pedal bikes, used as taxis in Kochi during colonial times. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x768, 398 KB) Summary Source: http://www. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x768, 398 KB) Summary Source: http://www. ... The private sector of a nations economy consists of all that is outside the state. ... A private company is a company that is independently owned. ... For specific countries see Taxicabs around the world. ... Passengers and drivers meet at this auto rickshaw stand in Chennai. ... “Mass Transit” redirects here. ...


Because it is one of the safest harbours in the Indian Ocean, Kochi ranks among India's major seaports.[40] The port, administered by a statutory autonomous body known as the Cochin Port Trust, offers facilities for bunkering, handling cargo and passenger ships and storage accommodation. It also operates passenger ships to Colombo and Lakshadweep. Boat services operated by Kerala Shipping and Inland Navigation Corporation, the State Water Transport Department, and of private ownership are available from various boat jetties in the city. The junkar ferry for the transshipment of vehicles and passengers between the islands are operated between Ernakulam and Vypin, and between Vypin and Fort Kochi. However, with the construction of the Goshree bridges (which links Kochi's islands), ferry transport has become less essential. Cochin Port Trust is a body of the Government of Kerala that manages the Indian port of Kochi. ... An oil tanker taking on bunker fuel. ... This article is about transported goods. ... A passenger ship is a ship whose primary function is to carry passengers. ... Map of Colombo with its administrative districts Coordinates: , District Colombo District Government  - Mayor Uvaiz Mohammad Imitiyaz (Sri Lanka Freedom Party) Area  - City 37. ... Kerala Shipping and Inland Navigation Corporation is an angency under the State government of Kerala, that oversees the shipping and inland navigation matters of the state. ... Kerala State Water Transport Department is a governmental agency that regulates the inland navigation systems in the Indian state of Kerala. ... Alternate meanings: See Jetty (web server) Alternate meanings: See Jettying in buildings The term jetty, derived from the French jetie, and therefor signifying something thrown out, is applied to a variety of structures employed in river, dock and maritime works which are generally carried out in pairs from river banks... The ferryboat Dongan Hills, filled with commuters, about to dock at a New York City pier, circa 1945. ... Vypin is an island in Ernakulam district of Kerala. ... Goshree bridges include the many bridges that link the scattered islands in the city of Kochi, India. ...


The Cochin International Airport, which is about 25 kilometres (15 mi) north of the city, handles both domestic and international flights. It is the largest airport of Kerala, and one of the busiest in India. It is the first international airport in India to be built without Central Government funds.[41] An airport run by the Navy also operates in the city. A third airport, for use by the Indian Coast Guard, is under construction in the suburbs. Cochin International Airport (IATA: COK, ICAO: VOCI), also known as Kochi International Airport or Nedumbassery Airport, is located at Nedumbassery, near Kochi (also known as Cochin) in India. ... The Indian Navy is the naval branch of the armed forces of India. ... Indian Coast Guards coat of Arms. ...


There is no intra-city rail transport system in Kochi. The inter-city rail transport system in the city is administered by the Southern Railway division of the Indian Railways. There are two main railway stations—the Ernakulam Junction and the Ernakulam Town (locally known as the 'South' and 'North' railway stations respectively). The railway line connecting these two stations cuts the city longitudinally in two, with two narrow bridges connecting the two halves. Southern Railway is the first Railway Zone to be created in independent India. ... Indian Railways (Hindi भारतीय रेल), abbreviated as IR, is a Department of the Government of India, under the Ministry of Railways, and is tasked with operating the rail network in India. ... Ernakulam Junction is a railway junction and one of the major railway stations in Kochi, India. ... Ernakulam Town is a railway station located at Kochi, Kerala in India. ...

See also: Cochin International Airport

Cochin International Airport (IATA: COK, ICAO: VOCI), also known as Kochi International Airport or Nedumbassery Airport, is located at Nedumbassery, near Kochi (also known as Cochin) in India. ...

Demographics

An antique shop showcasing Jewish remnants of Kochi

As of 2001, Kochi had a population of 596,473, with a density of 6850.7 persons per square kilometre.[42] Scheduled castes and tribes comprise 14.3% of the city's population. The female-to-male ratio is 1,024:1,000, significantly higher than the all-India average of 933:1,000. Kochi's literacy rate is 94.3%.[42] The female literacy rate lags that of males by 1.1%, amongst the lowest such gaps in India. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (600x800, 124 KB) Summary Source: http://www. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (600x800, 124 KB) Summary Source: http://www. ... Interior of an antique shop. ... For other uses, see Jew (disambiguation). ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... In India, Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes are communities that are accorded special status by the Constitution of India. ...


Kochi's major religions are Hinduism, Christianity, and Islam; Jainism, Judaism, Sikhism, and Buddhism have smaller followings. Though 47% practise Hinduism, Christianity's large following (35%) makes Kochi a city with one of the largest Christian populations in India.[43] The majority of residents are Malayalis; however, there are significant ethnic minority communities including Tamils, Gujaratis, Jews, Sikkimese, Anglo-Indians, Konkanis, and Tulus. Malayalam is the main language of communication and medium of instruction, although English is more commonly used in business circles. Hindi and Tamil are widely understood—albeit rarely spoken. Hinduism (known as in modern Indian languages)[1] is a religious tradition[2] that originated in the Indian subcontinent. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations · Other religions Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Catholic Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      Christianity is... For people named Islam, see Islam (name). ... Jain and Jaina redirect here. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Sikhism (IPA: or ; Punjabi: , , IPA: ), founded on the teachings of Guru Nanak Dev and nine successive gurus in fifteenth century Northern India, is the fifth-largest religion in the world. ... A statue of the Sakyamuni Buddha in Tawang Gompa, India. ... Languages Malayalam (മലയാളം) Religions Hinduism, Islam, Christianity, Judaism, Related ethnic groups Dravidian people Brahui people Kannadigas Tamils Telugus Tuluvas Malayali or Malayalee(മലയാളി) is a name given to the inhabitants of the state of Kerala. ... Languages Tamil Religions Hinduism, Christianity, Islam, Buddhism, Jainism Related ethnic groups Dravidian people Brahui people Kannadigas Malayalis Tamils Telugus Tuluvas Gonds The Tamil people are a multi-ethnic group from the Indian subcontinent with a recorded history going back more than two millennia. ... Language(s) Gujarati Religion(s) Hinduism, Islam, Zoroastrianism (see Parsis), Jainism, Christianity Gujarati people (Gujarati: ગુજરાતી લોકો GujÇŽrātÄ« loko), or Gujaratis, is an umbrella term used to describe traditionally Gujarati-speaking peoples who can trace their ancestry to the Gujarat region in India. ... , Sikkim (Nepali:  , also Sikhim) is a landlocked Indian state nestled in the Himalayas. ... Anglo-Indians are persons who have descended from a mix of British and Indian parentage. ... This article is about the people who speak Konkani Language. ... Tulu is one of the minor languages of India with under 2,000,000 speakers. ... Hindi (DevanāgarÄ«: or , IAST: , IPA:  ), an Indo-European language spoken all over India in varying degrees and extensively in northern and central India, is one of the 22 official languages of India and is used, along with English, for central government administrative purposes. ... Tamil ( ; IPA ) is a Dravidian language spoken predominantly by Tamils in India and Sri Lanka, with smaller communities of speakers in many other countries. ...

Like in other large cities of India, Kochi has a growing slum population. Hundreds of people, mostly comprising migrant labourers who come to the city seeking job prospects, reside in such shabby areas.

Like other fast-growing cities in the developing world, Kochi suffers from major urbanisation problems, poor sanitation, and unemployment. The city registered an increase of 9.7% in its unemployment rate from 14.8% in 1998 to 24.5% in 2003.[44] Shortage of potable water is a major concern in the city.[45] The situation is aggravated by the threat posed by pollution in industrial areas.[46] The city also has a growing slum-dwelling population.[47] Kochi has a high suicide rate with 32 suicides per lakh, which is three times higher than the national average of 11.2 per lakh.[48] According to the National Crime Records Bureau, Kochi has one of highest rates of crime in India—498.6, against the national average of 287.3.[49] However, a survey conducted by The Week, found Kochi to be the safest city in India for women.[50] Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 768 pixel, file size: 307 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Author k r ranjith This image is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License v. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 768 pixel, file size: 307 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Author k r ranjith This image is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License v. ... Slums in Delhi, India. ... Urbanization is the degree of or increase in urban character or nature. ... E. Coli bacteria under magnification Sanitation is the hygienic disposal or recycling of waste, as well as the policy and practice of protecting health through hygienic measures. ... CIA figures for world unemployment rates, 2006 Unemployment is the state in which a worker wants, but is unable, to work. ... Air pollution Pollution is the introduction of pollutants (whether chemical substances, or energy such as noise, heat, or light) into the environment to such a point that its effects become harmful to human health, other living organisms, or the environment. ... Slums in Delhi, India. ... For other uses, see Suicide (disambiguation). ... A lakh (Hindi: लाख, Urdu: Ù„Ú©Ú¾, Bengali: , Tamil : இலட்சம்) is a unit in the Indian numbering system, widely used both in official and other contexts in Bangladesh, India, Sri Lanka, and Pakistan. ... NCRB or the National Crime Records Bureau is a governmental agency of India responsible for collecting and analysing crime data as defined by the Indian Penal Code (IPC). ...

See also: Cochin Jews and Syrian Malabar Nasrani

Cochin Jews, also called Malabar Jews are the ancient prospetutess and their descendants of the South Indian erstwhile state of Kingdom of Cochin which includes the present day port city of Kochi. ... The Syrian Kuriz also known as Nasrani Menorah or the Mar Thoma sliva The Syrian Malabar Nasrani people are an ethnic group from Kerala, South India. ...

Culture

Main article: Culture of Kochi
Pedestrians can stroll along the Marine Drive, a waterfront promenade of Kochi.
Pedestrians can stroll along the Marine Drive, a waterfront promenade of Kochi.

As a result of successive waves of migration over the course of several centuries, the population of the city is a mix of people from all parts of Kerala and most of India. The pan-Indian nature is highlighted by the substantial presence of various ethnic communities from different parts of the country.[51] Kochi has a diverse, multicultural, and secular community consisting of Hindus, Christians, Muslims, Jains, Sikhs, and Buddhists among other denominations, all living in peaceful co-existence. The city once had a large Jewish community, known as the Malabar Yehuden—and now increasingly as Cochin Jews—that figured prominently in Kochi's business and economic strata.[52] The Syro-Malabar Church, one of the 22 sui iuris Eastern Catholic Churches, has its seat at Ernakulam. Appropriate to its multi-ethnic composition, Kochi celebrates traditional Kerala festivals like Onam and Vishu along with North Indian Hindu festivals like Holi and Diwali with great fervour. Christian and Islamic festivals like Christmas, Easter, Eid ul-Fitr and Milad-e-sherif are also celebrated. A merry making fest called the Cochin Carnival is celebrated at Fort Kochi during the last ten days of December. Shopping malls dotting the Marine Drive waterfront promenade in Kochi Kochi ( ; Malayalam: കൊച്ചി []); formerly known as Cochin) is a city in the Indian state of Kerala. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1632 × 1224 pixel, file size: 374 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Author: Me, Deepak (http://deepakp7. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1632 × 1224 pixel, file size: 374 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Author: Me, Deepak (http://deepakp7. ... Marine Drive is a picturesque promenade in Kochi, India. ... For other uses, see Christian (disambiguation). ... There is also a collection of Hadith called Sahih Muslim A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم, Persian: Mosalman or Mosalmon Urdu: مسلمان, Turkish: Müslüman, Albanian: Mysliman, Bosnian: Musliman) is an adherent of the religion of Islam. ... JAIN is an activity within the Java Community Process, developing APIs for the creation of telephony (voice and data) services. ... Religions Sikhism Scriptures Guru Granth Sahib Languages English, Punjabi] A Sikh (English: or ; Punjabi: , , IPA: ) is an adherent to Sikhism. ... A replica of an ancient statue found among the ruins of a temple at Sarnath Buddhism is a philosophy based on the teachings of the Buddha, Siddhārtha Gautama, a prince of the Shakyas, whose lifetime is traditionally given as 566 to 486 BCE. It had subsequently been accepted by... Cochin Jews, also called Malabar Jews are the ancient prospetutess and their descendants of the South Indian erstwhile state of Kingdom of Cochin which includes the present day port city of Kochi. ... The Syro-Malabar Catholic Church is a Major Archiepiscopal Eastern Rite Church sui iuris with historical ties to the Chaldean Catholic Church in communion with the Church of Rome. ... Sui iuris, usually spelled sui juris in civil law, is a Latin phrase that literally means “of one’s own right” but is now usually understood as of a peculiar nature. // In civil law the phrase sui juris indicates legal competence, the capacity to manage one’s own affairs (Black... The Eastern Catholic Churches are autonomous particular Churches in full communion with the Pope of Rome. ... Onam (IPA: [oːɳam], Malayalam: ഓണം) is an annual harvest festival, celebrated mainly in the south Indian state of Kerala. ... A traditional vishu kanni setting Vishu (Malayalam:വിഷു)-(American Vjéshu) is a festival held in the state of Kerala (and adjoining areas of Karnataka and Tamil Nadu) in India around the first day in the Malayalam month of Medam (April – May). ... Dark green region marks the approximate extent of northern India while the regions marked as light green lies within the sphere of north Indian influence. ... For the Indian film of the same name, see Holi (film). ... Diwali,or Deepawali, (also called Tihar and Swanti in Nepal) (Markiscarali) is a major Indian and Nepalese festive holiday. ... For other uses, see Christmas (disambiguation). ... This article is about the Christian festival. ... Eid ul-Fitr or Id-Ul-Fitr (Arabic: عيد الفطر ‘Īdu l-Fiá¹­r), often abbreviated to Eid, is a Muslim holiday that marks the end of Ramadan, the holy month of fasting. ... Milad-e-sherif (also spelt as Miladi Sherif) Malayalam: Nabi Dinam is a festival celebrated by the Muslim community of Kerala to commemorates the birth of the Prophet Mohammed, which falls on the twelfth day of Rabi-ul-Awwal, the third month of the Islamic year. ... Shopping malls dotting the Marine Drive waterfront promenade in Kochi Kochi ( ; Malayalam: കൊച്ചി []); formerly known as Cochin) is a city in the Indian state of Kerala. ...


Residents of Kochi are known as Kochiites; they are an important part of the South Indian weltanschauung. However, the city's culture is rapidly evolving, with Kochiites generally becoming more cosmopolitan in their outlook.[26] The people are also increasingly fashion-conscious, often deviating from the traditional Kerala wear to western clothing.[53] South Indian culture refers to the culture of the four southern most states of India, namely Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, and Kerala. ... South Indian culture refers to the culture of the four southern most states of India, namely Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, and Kerala. ...

The old Jewish synagogue in Kochi
The old Jewish synagogue in Kochi

Kochiites generally partake of Keralite cuisine, which is generally characterised by an abundance of coconut and spices. Other South Indian cuisines, as well as Chinese and North Indian cuisines are popular. Fast food culture is also very prominent.[54] Image File history File linksMetadata Jewish_synagouge_kochi_india. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Jewish_synagouge_kochi_india. ... The Paradesi Synagogue is the oldest synagogue in the Commonwealth of Nations, located in Kochi, Kerala, in South India. ... Keralas traditional sadya, served on a banana leaf Keralas cusine is linked in all its richness to the history, geography and culture of the land. ... For other uses, see Coconut (disambiguation). ... South Indian culture refers to the culture of the four southern most states of India, namely Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, and Kerala. ... The multiple families of Indian cuisine are characterized by their sophisticated and subtle use of many spices and herbs. ... Fast food is food prepared and served quickly at a fast-food restaurant or shop at low cost. ...


Kochi was home to some of the most influential figures in Malayalam literature, including Changampuzha Krishna Pillai, Kesari Balakrishna Pillai, G. Sankara Kurup, and Vyloppilli Sreedhara Menon. Prominent social reformers such as Sahodaran Ayyappan and Pandit Karuppan also are from Kochi. Literature written in Malayalam language. ... Changampuzha Krishna Pillai (1911-1948) was a writer of Malayalam poetry. ... Kesari Balakrishna Pillai (1889 - 1960), was a prominent Malayalam literary critic. ... G Sankara Kurup From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia ... Vyloppilli Sreedhara Menon (1911 - 1985) was a prominent Malayalam poet. ... Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... Pandit Karuppan was a prominent social reformer of the Indian state of Kerala. ...


Kochiites are known for their enthusiasm in sports, especially cricket and football.[55] The Jawaharlal Nehru International Stadium in Kochi is one of the largest multi-use stadiums in India.[56] The Regional Sports Centre is an important centre of sporting activity in the city. This article is about the sport. ... Soccer redirects here. ... Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium, Kochi Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium (also known as Kaloor International stadium locally) is an international stadium in Kochi, Kerala, India. ... The Regional Sports Centre is situated in Kadavanthra, the heart of Cochin City, having an area of 4. ...

See also: Culture of Kerala and Cuisine of Kerala

A Keralite wearing a type of sari called set sari. ... The cuisine of Kerala (Malayalam:േകരളീയ പാചകൈശലി) is linked in all its richness to the history, geography and culture of the land. ...

Education

Schools and colleges in the city are either run by the government or by private trusts and individuals. The schools are each affiliated with either the Indian Certificate of Secondary Education (ICSE), the Central Board for Secondary Education (CBSE), or the Kerala State Education Board. English is the medium of instruction in most private schools; though government run schools offer both English and Malayalam. After completing their secondary education, which involves ten years of schooling, students typically enrol at Higher Secondary School in one of the three streams—Arts, Commerce or Science. Upon completing the required coursework, the student can enroll in general or professional degree programmes. The Indian Certificate of Secondary Education (ICSE) examination is an examination conducted by the Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations for class 10, i. ... The Central Board of Secondary Education is a board of school education in India. ... The Kerala State Education Board is a board of school education in India, conducted by the Government of the Indian state of Kerala. ... For the Indian grade 11 and 12 schools, see Junior College A junior college is a two-year post-secondary school whose main purpose is to provide a method of obtaining academic, vocational and professional education. ... In the history of education, the seven liberal arts comprise two groups of studies, the trivium and the quadrivium. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A magnet levitating above a high-temperature superconductor demonstrates the Meissner effect. ...


The Cochin University is situated in the city. Most of the colleges offering tertiary education are affiliated either with the Mahatma Gandhi University or the Cochin University. Other national educational institutes include the Central Institute of Fisheries Nautical and Engineering Training, the National University of Advanced Legal Studies, the National Institute of Oceanography and the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute. Cochin University of Science & Technology (CUSAT) is a university in Kochi, also known as Cochin alias Ernakulam. ... Students attend a lecture at a tertiary institution. ... The Mahatma Gandhi University was established on October 2nd 1983 by the Government of Kerala through an Act of the Legislative Assembly. ... Central Institute of Fisheries Nautical and Engineering Training is a marine studies centre located at Kochi, India. ... National University of Advanced Legal Studies (NUALS) is a University located at Kochi, India. ... National Institute of Oceanography (NIO) is located in Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan. ... Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute is a marine research institute located at Kochi, India. ...

See also: Education in India

India has been a major seat of learning for thousands of years. ...

Media

Major Malayalam newspapers published in Kochi include Malayala Manorama, Mathrubhumi, Deshabhimani, Deepika, Kerala Kaumudi and Veekshanam. Popular English newspapers include The Hindu, The New Indian Express and The Pioneer. A number of evening papers are also published from the city.[57] Newspapers in other regional languages like Hindi, Kannada, Tamil and Telugu are also sold in large numbers. The Manorama Logo in Malayalam Malayala Manorama (Malayalam: മലയാള മനോരമ) is a popular Malayalam newspaper in Kerala, India. ... Mathrubhumi is one of the leading Malayalam language newspapers in Kerala state of India. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Desabhimani. ... Deepika or Dipika may refer to: Deepika Chikhalia, an Indian actress and Member of Parliament most famous for portraying Sita in Ramanand Sagars television series Ramayan Deepika Thathaal, a Norwegian singer, composer and human rights activist. ... For followers of Hinduism, see Hindu. ... The New Indian Express is a newspaper based in Chennai, India. ... Logo of the Pioneer Daily The Pioneer is an English language newspaper in India. ... “Kannada” redirects here. ... “Telugu” redirects here. ...


Being the seat of the Cochin Stock Exchange, a number of financial publications are also published in the city. These include The Economic Times, Business Line, The Business Standard and The Financial Express. Prominent magazines and religious publications like the Sathyadeepam, The Week and Vanitha are also published from the city. Television stations in Kochi include Asianet Cable Vision, India Vision, Kairali TV, Jeevan TV, Amrita TV, JaiHind TV and Manorama News. Satellite television services are available through Doordarshan Direct Plus, Dish TV and Tata Sky. All India Radio has two FM stations in the city, operating at 102.3 MHz and 107.5 MHz. Private satellite radios such as WorldSpace, are also available. There are over twenty cinema halls that screen movies in Malayalam, Tamil, English and Hindi. A film festival, known as the Cochin International Film Festival (CIFF), is held in the city every year. The Economic Times, launched in 1961, is Indias largest financial daily and the worlds second largest financial daily after The Wall Street Journal, with a daily readership of over 650,000 copies. ... Business Line or The Hindu Business Line is an Indian business newspaper published by Kasturi and Sons, publishers of the The Hindu newspaper. ... The Business Standard is an English financial newspaper, published from various cities in India. ... The Financial Express is a daily newspaper published by the Indian Express group since 1961. ... Sathyadeepam is a Malayalam Catholic weekly published from Kochi in Kerala. ... The Manorama Logo in Malayalam Malayala Manorama (Malayalam: മലയാള മനോരമ) is a popular Malayalam newspaper in Kerala, India. ... Vanitha is a Malayalam womans magazine. ... Asianet is a Malayalam television channel in India. ... Indiavision is a 24 hour Indian news channel in Malayalam. ... Kairali TV is a Malayalam television channel in India. ... jeevan tv ... Amrita TV is a Malayalam television channel. ... Named ‘JaiHind TV, the first of the regional Congress channels will be launched in Kerala. ... MM TV or Manorama News is a 24-hour Malayalam news channel operated by the Malayala Manorama news house. ... Satellite television is television delivered by way of communications satellites, as compared to conventional terrestrial television and cable television. ... Doordarshan (sometimes DoorDarshan; ) is a Public broadcast Terrestrial television channel run by Prasar Bharati, a board nominated by the Government of India. ... The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ... Tata Sky is a DTH satellite television provider in India. ... For the electronica band, see All India Radio (band). ... The abbreviations FM, Fm, and fm may refer to: Electrical engineering Frequency modulation (FM) and its most common applications: FM broadcasting, used primarily to broadcast music and speech at VHF frequencies FM synthesis, a sound-generation technique popularized by early digital synthesizers Science Femtometre (fm), an SI measure of length... MegaHertz (MHz) is the name given to one million (106) Hertz, a measure of frequency. ... WorldSpaces AfriStar control center in Washington, D.C. WorldSpace is the worlds first digital satellite radio network. ... A typical multiplex (AMC Promenade 16 in Woodland Hills, Los Angeles, United States). ... The Cochin International Film Festival is an international film festival conducted annually in the Indian city of Kochi (formerly Cochin). ...


Kochi has the highest density of telephones in India.[58] Telephony services are provided by various players like Airtel, Idea cellular, Vodafone, Reliance Infocomm, Tata Indicom and the state owned BSNL. In telecommunication, Telephony encompasses the general use of equipment to provide voice communication over distances. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Bharti Televentures. ... Idea cellular is a wireless telephony company operating in various states in India. ... Hutch is a national cellular operator in India. ... Reliance Infocomm is an Indian telecommunications company, and is the brainchild of Mukesh Ambani, CMD, Reliance Industries. ... Tata Indicom is a private telecom service provider operating in most parts of India. ... Logo BSNL or Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited is Indias largest Communication Service Provider (CSP), and seventh largest in the world. ...


See also

Kochi ((?); Malayalam: കൊച്ചി []); formerly known as Cochin) is a city in the Indian state of Kerala. ... Perumpadapu Swaroopam (also know as Madarajyam, Goshree Rajyam, Kuru Swaroopam) was the name of the Kingdom of Kochi. ... Cochin Royal Family were rulers of Cochin or Kochi. ... This article concerns itself with the History of Kerala state, south India. ... Thiru-Kochi, formerly known as Travancore-Cochin, is a former state of India. ... This article or section is not written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia article. ... The Jain temple at Mattancherry Mattancherry is the western part of Kochi corporarion in Ernakulam district of Kerala, south India. ... The skyline of Ernakaulam Ernakulam (Malayalam : എറണാകുളം ) refers to the western part of the mainland of Kochi city in Kerala, India. ... Kakkanad is the administrative headquarters of the district of Ernakulam in Kerala, India. ... Vypin is an Island in Ernakulam district of Kerala. ... Edapally is a place in the city of Kochi from where the National Highway NH-17 begins and continues upto Panvel, Maharashtra, in India. ... Thrippunithura is a satellite town south-east of Ernakulam Cochin City. ... Willingdon Island is the home of the modern port that serves Cochin in Kerala, India. ... A scene from Cherai Beach, Kerala Cherai is a small coastal village in Ernakulam district of Kerala, India. ... , This article is about a town in Ernakulam district. ... Greater Cochin Development Authority is the government overseeing agency for the development of the Indian port city of Kochi, Kerala. ... Cochin Port Trust is a body of the Government of Kerala that manages the Indian port of Kochi. ... Taj Mahal Big Ben Saint Basils Cathedral Azadi Square in Tehran For other senses of this word, see landmark (disambiguation). ... Marine Drive is a picturesque promenade in Kochi, India. ... Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium, Kochi Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium (also known as Kaloor International stadium locally) is an international stadium in Kochi, Kerala, India. ... The Regional Sports Centre is situated in Kadavanthra, the heart of Cochin City, having an area of 4. ... Cochin University of Science & Technology (CUSAT) is a university in Kochi, also known as Cochin alias Ernakulam. ... The Model Engineering College Model Engineering College (MEC) is a technology institute, located in the city of Kochi, in the state of Kerala, India. ... Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Centre The Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Centre (AIMS) is a super-speciality hospital near Edapally, in Kochi, India. ... School of Communication and Management Studies is a management institute located at Kochi, India . ... Kendriya Vidyalaya, (Hindi for Central School) is a system of Central government schools for children of employees of Indias central government. ... Toc-H Public School, Kerala Toc H Public School (also known as Toc-H or TocH Public School) is one of the best known schools in Kerala situated in Kochi, earlier known as Cochin, often described as the “the Queen of the Arabian Sea. The school is affiliated to the... Assissi Vidyaniketan is a public school situated in Kochi, India. ... Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan is an educational trust, that conducts many primary and secondary educational institues in India. ... The Choice School is a private CBSE school in Kochi, India. ... Chinmaya Vidyalaya is a public school situated in Kochi, India. ... // Cochin Refineries School Set up way back in 1966 amidst sprawling greenery, Cochin Refineries School is affiliated to the Central Board of Secondary Education and run by Cochin Refineries Educational Aid Society. ... Navy Children School is a public school situated in Kochi, India. ... St. ... Cochin International Airport (IATA: COK, ICAO: VOCI), also known as Kochi International Airport or Nedumbassery Airport, is located at Nedumbassery, near Kochi (also known as Cochin) in India. ... Cochin Shipyard (CSL) is the largest ship building yard in India. ... Cochin Port Trust is a body of the Government of Kerala that manages the Indian port of Kochi. ... Passengers and drivers meet at this auto rickshaw stand in Chennai. ... Shopping malls dotting the Marine Drive waterfront promenade in Kochi Kochi ( ; Malayalam: കൊച്ചി []); formerly known as Cochin) is a city in the Indian state of Kerala. ... A Keralite wearing a type of sari called set sari. ... The cuisine of Kerala (Malayalam:േകരളീയ പാചകൈശലി) is linked in all its richness to the history, geography and culture of the land. ... Malayalam ( ) is the language spoken predominantly in the state of Kerala, in southern India. ... Cochin Jews, also called Malabar Jews are the ancient prospetutess and their descendants of the South Indian erstwhile state of Kingdom of Cochin which includes the present day port city of Kochi. ... The Saint Thomas Christians are a group of Christians from the Malabar coast (now Kerala) in South India, who follow Syriac Christianity. ... The Syrian Kuriz also known as Nasrani Menorah or the Mar Thoma sliva The Syrian Malabar Nasrani people are an ethnic group from Kerala, South India. ... Onam (IPA: [oːɳam], Malayalam: ഓണം) is an annual harvest festival, celebrated mainly in the south Indian state of Kerala. ... A traditional vishu kanni setting Vishu (Malayalam:വിഷു)-(American Vjéshu) is a festival held in the state of Kerala (and adjoining areas of Karnataka and Tamil Nadu) in India around the first day in the Malayalam month of Medam (April – May). ... Milad-e-sherif (also spelt as Miladi Sherif) Malayalam: Nabi Dinam is a festival celebrated by the Muslim community of Kerala to commemorates the birth of the Prophet Mohammed, which falls on the twelfth day of Rabi-ul-Awwal, the third month of the Islamic year. ... St Marys Cathedral Basilica, is a Cathedral in Kochi, Kerala in India. ... The Santa Cruz Basilica, a church in Cochin, Kerala built originally by the Portuguese and elevated to a Cathedral by Pope Paul IV in 1558, was spared by the Dutch conquerors who destroyed many Catholic buildings. ... The Paradesi Synagogue is the oldest synagogue in the Commonwealth of Nations, located in Kochi, Kerala, in South India. ... The Mar Augustine Memorial Lisie Hospital, known as Lisie Hospital, is a prominent hospital near Kaloor, in Ernakulam, Kerala, noted for its service to the poor. ... Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Centre The Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Centre (AIMS) is a super-speciality hospital near Edapally, in Kochi, India. ... Corporation of Kochi is a municipal corporation, that manages the Indian city of Kochi. ... Greater Cochin Development Authority is the government overseeing agency for the development of the Indian port city of Kochi, Kerala. ... Fertilisers and Chemicals Travancore (or FACT), is a fertiliser and chemical manufacturing company in Kochi, Kerala, India. ... The Cochin Stock Exchange Limited (CSE) is located at Kochi, Kerala in India. ... Kochi Refineries Limited is an oil refinary located at Kochi, Kerala, India. ...

Notes

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A picture depicting the city of Kochi (circa.1682)
A picture depicting the city of Kochi (circa.1682)
The Jain temple at Mattancherry
St.Francis Asissi Cathedral in Kochi
St.Francis Asissi Cathedral in Kochi
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  58. ^ InfoPark Kochi. Advantage Kochi. InfoPark. Retrieved on 2006-06-02.

Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Image File history File links Wikibooks-logo. ... Image File history File links Wikiquote-logo. ... Image File history File links Wikisource-logo. ... Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Image File history File links WikiNews-Logo. ... Image File history File links Wikiversity-logo-Snorky. ... Image File history File links Cochin_angel. ... Image File history File links Cochin_angel. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1024x744, 124 KB) Summary The Jain Temple at Kochi, Kerala, India. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1024x744, 124 KB) Summary The Jain Temple at Kochi, Kerala, India. ... Jain and Jaina redirect here. ... The Jain temple at Mattancherry Mattancherry is the western part of Kochi corporarion in Ernakulam district of Kerala, south India. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (960x1280, 231 KB)Source: http://flickr. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (960x1280, 231 KB)Source: http://flickr. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 143rd day of the year (144th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 143rd day of the year (144th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 143rd day of the year (144th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 143rd day of the year (144th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... A page from Ming dynasty woodcut printed edtion of Ying-yai Sheng-lan by Ma Huan Ma Huan(Chinese 马欢),courtesy name Chung-dao宗道, pen name Mountain-woodcutter, born in Hui Ji county of Zhejiang province. ... The Hakluyt Society is a society named after Richard Hakluyt. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 143rd day of the year (144th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 143rd day of the year (144th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 143rd day of the year (144th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 233rd day of the year (234th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 143rd day of the year (144th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 143rd day of the year (144th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 234th day of the year (235th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 143rd day of the year (144th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 234th day of the year (235th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 143rd day of the year (144th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 234th day of the year (235th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 252nd day of the year (253rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 234th day of the year (235th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 234th day of the year (235th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... is the 193rd day of the year (194th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 6th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 161st day of the year (162nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 6th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... April 8 is the 98th day of the year (99th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 143rd day of the year (144th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 143rd day of the year (144th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 129th day of the year (130th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 143rd day of the year (144th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 38th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 364th day of the year (365th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 152nd day of the year (153rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 115th day of the year (116th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 123rd day of the year (124th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 232nd day of the year (233rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 241st day of the year (242nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 241st day of the year (242nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Tonnage is a measure of the size or cargo capacity of a ship. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 143rd day of the year (144th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 238th day of the year (239th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 143rd day of the year (144th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 92nd day of the year (93rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 143rd day of the year (144th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 129th day of the year (130th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 143rd day of the year (144th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 143rd day of the year (144th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 143rd day of the year (144th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 143rd day of the year (144th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 143rd day of the year (144th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... PDF is an abbreviation with several meanings: Portable Document Format Post-doctoral fellowship Probability density function There also is an electronic design automation company named PDF Solutions. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 355th day of the year (356th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 143rd day of the year (144th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 136th day of the year (137th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 143rd day of the year (144th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 139th day of the year (140th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 143rd day of the year (144th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 314th day of the year (315th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 143rd day of the year (144th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... PDF is an abbreviation with several meanings: Portable Document Format Post-doctoral fellowship Probability density function There also is an electronic design automation company named PDF Solutions. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 152nd day of the year (153rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 119th day of the year (120th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 143rd day of the year (144th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 137th day of the year (138th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 129th day of the year (130th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 143rd day of the year (144th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 332nd day of the year (333rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 143rd day of the year (144th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 163rd day of the year (164th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 143rd day of the year (144th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 258th day of the year (259th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 153rd day of the year (154th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 153rd day of the year (154th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

References

  • Ma Huan: Ying Yai Sheng Lan, The Overall Survey of the Ocean's Shores, translated by J.V.G. Mills, 1970 Hakluyt Society, reprint 1997 White Lotus Press. ISBN 974-8496-78-3
  • Plunkett, R, Cannon, T, Davis, P, Greenway, P & Harding, P (2001), Lonely Planet South India, Lonely Planet, ISBN 1-86450-161-8
  • Manorama Yearbook 2003 (English Edition) ISBN 81-900461-8-7
  • Robert Charles Bristow - Cochin Saga, Paico Pub. House; [2d ed.] edition (1967), OCLC 1659055
  • Unemployment in Kerala at the turn of the century Insights from the CDS gulf migration studies - K. C. Zachariah, S. Irudaya Rajan
  • Kochi Rajyacharithram by KP Padmanabha Menon. P(1914)
  • Akhilavijnanakosam Malayalam Encyclopedia — D C Books Multimedia Series.

A page from Ming dynasty woodcut printed edtion of Ying-yai Sheng-lan by Ma Huan Ma Huan(Chinese 马欢),courtesy name Chung-dao宗道, pen name Mountain-woodcutter, born in Hui Ji county of Zhejiang province. ... The Online Computer Library Center (OCLC) was founded in 1967 and originally named the Ohio College Library Center. ...

External links

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Tourism in Kochi, Kochi Tourism,Cochin India,Tour in Cochin, Kochi India, Tourism Kochi, Tourism of Kochi, India ... (1788 words)
In Kochi or Kochi, dawn is not often a thing of breathtaking beauty, but just a careless smear of tinted light where sea and sky unite.
For centuries, Kochi was the battleground of European powers for the mastery of the lucrative trade of the Indian west coast.
The Dutch palace at Mattancherry was actually built by the Portuguese and presented to the Kochi ruler Vira Kerala Varma in 1555 as an act of expiation for the plunder and desecration of a temple near the Raja's palace by a hot-headed young Portuguese officer.
Kochi: Information from Answers.com (4159 words)
Kochi experienced decades of economic stagnation from independence until 2003, when it entered a period of economic growth, leading to a spurt in the city's development.
Kochi rose to significance as a trading centre after the port at Kodungallur (Cranganore) was destroyed by massive flooding of the river Periyar in 1341.
Kochi hosted the grave of Vasco da Gama, the first European explorer to set sail for India, who was buried at St. Francis Church until his remains were returned to Portugal in 1539.
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