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Encyclopedia > Kobza

Kobza (Ukrainian: кобза) is a traditional Ukrainian stringed musical instrument, from the lute family, and more specifically a relative of Central European mandora. A string instrument (also stringed instrument) is a musical instrument that produces sound by means of vibrating strings. ... The lute is a plucked string instrument with a fretted neck and a deep round back. ... Å  Äš Œõǚ ĵ Åœ ŝ Å´ ŵ Ŷ Å· ōǚ ...

Cossack with a Kobza
Cossack with a Kobza

The term kobza is first mentioned in 1331, but lute-like instruments are known to have existed in the territories now known as Ukraine even earlier, either from the sixth century, brought there by Bulgars, or possibly somewhat later by Polovetsians and Khazars. The term has a Turkic origin: "kobyz" or "khomus". It acquired widespread popularity in the 16th century, with the advent of the Hetmanate (Cossack state). Image File history File links Rozvag. ... Image File history File links Rozvag. ... Reply of the Zaporozhian Cossacks to Sultan Mehmed IV of Ottoman Empire. ...


A kobza was usually played by a bard or minstrel called kobzar (earlier kobeznik), to accompany the recitation of a Ukrainian sung epic called duma. Kobza was also a term for any regional lute-like instrument used by court musicians in Central-Eastern Europe, which might not have been a kobza proper. A kobzar (kобзар in Ukrainian) was a Ukrainian wandering bard of Cossack times, who played a stringed instrument called a kobza to accompany the recitation of epic dumas. ... The epic is a broadly defined genre of poetry, and one of the major forms of narrative literature. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with State Duma. ...


The kobza became extinct early in the 20th century, but currently there is a revival of kobza playing in Ukraine, due to the efforts of the "Kobzar Guild" in Kiev and Kharkiv. There are a number of types in current use: the authentic traditional kobza with six strings strung along the neck and six treble strings strung along the treble side of the instrument, as well as several attempts at kobza modernization (the four-stringed orchestral kobza in various sizes using violin tunings, and the six or seven-stringed kobza using several guitar tunings). The kobza revival is impeded by the complete absence of the museum specimens. All evidence is entirely iconographic. Location Map of Ukraine with Kiev highlighted. ... Location Map of Ukraine with Kharkiv highlighted. ... The fingerboard, also known as a fretboard, is a part of most stringed instruments. ... In music, there are two common meanings for tuning: Tuning practice The act of tuning an instrument or voice. ...


The kobza was often referred to in historical sources as bandura (from Latin Pandura, via medieval Polish Barduny, i.e. a lute). The terms were interchangeable until about 1800. Eventually the unfretted "starosvitska" bandura (developed ca. 1800) appropriated the bandura name, but still was often referred to as kobza among the common folk, because of the name's historical cachet. A Bandura and a Torban, at the Royal College of Music Julian Kytasty, plays a prima Chernihiv bandura The Experimental Bandura Тrio: Jurij Fedynsky, Julian Kytasty,and Michael Andrec Ken Bloom, plays a Kharkiv bandura Yuri Singalevych(Lviv) playing a diatonic bandura c. ... The lute is a plucked string instrument with a fretted neck and a deep round back. ... A Bandura and a Torban, at the Royal College of Music Julian Kytasty, plays a prima Chernihiv bandura The Experimental Bandura Тrio: Jurij Fedynsky, Julian Kytasty,and Michael Andrec Ken Bloom, plays a Kharkiv bandura Yuri Singalevych(Lviv) playing a diatonic bandura c. ...


The cobza is also an unrelated type of four-course folk lute found in Romania and Moldova. In Hungary and Transylvania the same instrument is called the koboz. Both are now increasingly rare, as traditional music is being superseded by popular. Map of Romania with Transylvania in yellow Transylvania (Romanian: or Transilvania; Hungarian: ; German: ; Serbian: or Erdelj / Ердељ) is a historical region in the center of Romania. ...


See also

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Kobza

The lute is a plucked string instrument with a fretted neck and a deep round back. ... The torban or teorban is an Eastern European musical instrument that combined features of the Baroque lute with those of the psaltery. ... A theorbo is a type of long-necked lute developed during the late-sixteenth century, inspired by the spirited discussions of the Florentine Camerata and new musical works such as Giulio Caccinis Le Nuove Musiche. ... Š Ě Œõǚ ĵ Ŝ ŝ Ŵ ŵ Ŷ ŷ ōǚ ... A Bandura and a Torban, at the Royal College of Music Julian Kytasty, plays a prima Chernihiv bandura The Experimental Bandura Тrio: Jurij Fedynsky, Julian Kytasty,and Michael Andrec Ken Bloom, plays a Kharkiv bandura Yuri Singalevych(Lviv) playing a diatonic bandura c. ... Yan Gleyzer playing a kobyz (He is holding the bow incorrectly. ... Kazakh food preparation Kazakh culture began to develop in the 13th century. ... Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Wikimedia Commons logo by Reid Beels The Wikimedia Commons (also called Commons or Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ...

External links

  • In-depth discussion of kobza and related instruments' organology

  Results from FactBites:
 
Husli and Kobza (674 words)
The history of the kobza can be traced back to 6th century Greek chronicles and it was often mentioned by wandering Arab scholars who visited Rus' in the 10-11th centuries.
The kobza became a favorite instrument of the Ukrainian Cossacks and was widely played by the rural masses and in the courts of Polish kings and Russian tsars.
The instrument kobza was traditionally carved out of a single piece of wood and consisted of a soundboard with strings strung across it.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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