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Encyclopedia > Kobe
Kobe
神戸市
Location of Kobe
Kobe's location in Hyōgo, Japan.
Location
Country Japan
Prefecture Hyōgo
Physical characteristics
Area 552.80 km² (213.4 sq mi)
Population (as of September 1, 2007)
     Total 1,530,295
     Density 2,768/km² (7,169.1/sq mi)
Location 34°41′N, 135°12′E
Symbols
Tree Camellia sasanqua
Flower Hydrangea

Symbol of Kobe
Kobe Government Office
Mayor Tatsuo Yada
Address 〒650-8570
6-5-1 Kano-chō, Chūō-ku, Kōbe-shi, Hyōgo-ken
Phone number 078-331-8181
Official website: City of Kobe

Kobe (神戸市 Kōbe-shi?) is the capital city of Hyōgo Prefecture and a prominent port city in Japan with a population of about 1.4 million. The city is located in the Kansai region of Japan and is part of the Osaka-Kobe-Kyoto metropolitan area. Kobe is classified as one of Japan's seventeen designated cities. Kobe may mean: Kobe, a city in Japan Kobe Bryant, shooting guard for the Los Angeles Lakers Kobe Tai, pornographic actress Masahiko Kobe, the Iron Chef Italian Kobe beef, the type of Japanese beef exported from Kobe Category: ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 666 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1001 × 901 pixel, file size: 52 KB, MIME type: image/png) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Hyōgo Prefecture (兵庫県 Hyōgo-ken) is located in the Kinki region on Honshu island, Japan. ... For other uses, see Country (disambiguation). ... The prefectures of Japan are the countrys 47 sub-national jurisdictions: one metropolis (都 to), Tokyo; one circuit (道 dō), Hokkaidō; two urban prefectures (府 fu), Osaka and Kyoto; and 43 other prefectures (県 ken). ... Hyōgo Prefecture (兵庫県 Hyōgo-ken) is located in the Kinki region on Honshu island, Japan. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... is the 244th day of the year (245th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... The coniferous Coast Redwood, the tallest tree species on earth. ... Binomial name Thunb. ... For other uses, see Flower (disambiguation). ... Species See text Hydrangea (common names also Hydrangea, in English pronounced IPA , and Hortensia) is a genus of about 70-75 species of flowering plants native to southern and eastern Asia (from Japan to China, the Himalaya and Indonesia) and North and South America. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... An address is a code and abstract concept expressing the fixed location of a home, business or other building on the earths surface. ... A telephone number is a sequence of decimal digits that uniquely indicates the network termination point. ... Hyōgo Prefecture (兵庫県 Hyōgo-ken) is located in the Kinki region on Honshu island, Japan. ... Kansai region, Japan The Kansai region ) of Japan, also known as the Kinki region ), lies in the Southern-Central region of Japans main island, HonshÅ«. The region includes the prefectures of Nara, Wakayama, Mie, Kyoto, Osaka, Hyōgo, and Shiga. ... ÅŒsaka-Kōbe-Kyōto is the name of a metropolitan area that is centered around the cities of Osaka in the Osaka prefecture, Kobe in the Hyogo prefecture, and Kyoto in the Kyoto prefecture. ... A position of each city designated by government ordinance A city designated by government ordinance (a designated city or Government Ordinance City (Japanese: 政令指定都市 seirei shitei toshi or 政令市 seirei shi)) is a Japanese city that has a population greater than 500,000; has important economic and industrial functions; and that is...


Originally known by the name Ōwada Anchorage (大輪田泊 Ōwada-no-tomari?), earliest written records regarding the region come from the Nihon Shoki, which describes the founding of the Ikuta Shrine by Empress Jingū in 201 A.D.[1][2] For most of its history the area was never a single political entity, even during the Tokugawa Period, when the port was controlled directly by the Tokugawa Shogunate. Kobe did not exist in its current form until its founding in 1889. Its name comes from "kanbe" (神戸 kanbe?), an archaic title for supporters of the city's Ikuta Shrine.[3][4] Kobe became one of Japan's designated cities in 1956. Nihonshoki (日本書紀) is the second oldest history book about the ancient history of Japan. ... Ikuta Shrine (生田神社 ikutajinja) is a Shinto shrine in the Chuo Ward of Kobe, Japan, and is possibly among the oldest shrines in the country. ... Empress Jingu setting foot in Korea. ... For the New Jersey area code, see Area code 201. ... History of Japan Paleolithic Jomon Yayoi Yamato period ---Kofun period ---Asuka period Nara period Heian period Kamakura period Muromachi period Azuchi-Momoyama period ---Nanban period Edo period Meiji period Taisho period Showa period ---Japanese expansionism ---Occupied Japan ---Post-Occupation Japan Heisei The Edo period (江戸時代) is a... The Tokugawa shogunate or Tokugawa bakufu (徳川幕府) (also known as the Edo bakufu) was a feudal military dictatorship of Japan established in 1603 by Tokugawa Ieyasu and ruled by the shoguns of the Tokugawa family until 1868. ... Year 1889 (MDCCCLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... A position of each city designated by government ordinance A city designated by government ordinance (a designated city or Government Ordinance City (Japanese: 政令指定都市 seirei shitei toshi or 政令市 seirei shi)) is a Japanese city that has a population greater than 500,000; has important economic and industrial functions; and that is... A car from 1956 Year 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Kobe was one of the first cities to open for trade with the West following the end of the policy of seclusion and has since been known as a cosmopolitan port city. While the 1995 Great Hanshin Earthquake diminished much of Kobe's prominence as a port city, it remains Japan's fourth busiest container port.[5] Companies headquartered in Kobe include ASICS, Kawasaki Heavy Industries, and Kobe Steel, as well as over 100 international corporations with Asia or Japan headquarters in the city such as Procter & Gamble and Nestlé.[6][7] Occident redirects here. ... The following text needs to be harmonized with text in the article History of Japan#Seclusion. ... Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full 1995 Gregorian calendar). ... The Great Hanshin Earthquake ), or Kobe earthquake as it is more commonly known overseas, was an earthquake in Japan that measured 7. ... For the digital circuits term, see Application-specific integrated circuit. ... Kawasaki Heavy Industries, Ltd. ... Kobe Steel Limited (神戸製鋼所, Kōbe Seikōsho), aka Kobelco, (TYO: 5406) is a major Japanese steel manufacturer, headquartered in Kobe. ... Procter & Gamble Co. ... This article is about the company. ...


The city is the point of origin and namesake of Kobe beef as well as the site of one of Japan's most famous hot spring resorts, Arima Onsen. Kobe beef for sukiyaki Kobe beef ) refers to beef from the black Tajima-ushi breed of Wagyu cattle, raised according to strict tradition in Hyōgo Prefecture, Japan. ... Outdoor pool, Naruko, Miyagi Guidebook to Hakone from 1811 An onsen ) is a Japanese hot spring. ... Arima Onsen (Hot Spring) (有馬温泉) is one of Japans most famous old hot springs. ...

Contents

History

This Nishiki-e (Colored woodcut) shows a foreign steamboat entering Hyōgo Port shortly after its opening to the West in the late 19th century.
This Nishiki-e (Colored woodcut) shows a foreign steamboat entering Hyōgo Port shortly after its opening to the West in the late 19th century.
Hyōgo Port in the 19th century
Hyōgo Port in the 19th century[8]

Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1014x429, 136 KB) Summary 摂州神戸海岸繁栄図 Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Kobe ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1014x429, 136 KB) Summary 摂州神戸海岸繁栄図 Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Kobe ... Nishiki-e (錦絵, a brocade picture) refers to multi-colored woodblock printing, especially of ukiyo-e. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...

Origins - Meiji Era

Stone artifacts and tools found in western Kobe demonstrate that the area was populated at least from the Jōmon period.[9] The natural geography of the area, particularly of Wada Cape in Hyōgo-ku, led to the development of a port, which would remain the economic center of the city.[10] Some of the earliest written documents mentioning the region include the Nihon Shoki, which describes the founding of the Ikuta Shrine by Empress Jingū in 201 A.D.[1] The following text needs to be harmonized with text in the article History of Japan#Jomon Period. ... Hyogo-ku (兵庫区; Hyōgo-ku) is one of 9 wards of Kobe City in Japan. ... Nihonshoki (日本書紀) is the second oldest history book about the ancient history of Japan. ... Ikuta Shrine (生田神社 ikutajinja) is a Shinto shrine in the Chuo Ward of Kobe, Japan, and is possibly among the oldest shrines in the country. ... Empress Jingu setting foot in Korea. ... For the New Jersey area code, see Area code 201. ...


During the Nara and Heian periods, the port was known by the name Ōwada Anchorage (大輪田泊 Ōwada-no-tomari?) and was one of the ports from which imperial embassies to China were dispatched.[2][9] The city was briefly the capital of Japan in 1180 when Taira no Kiyomori moved his grandson Emperor Antoku to Fukuhara in present-day Hyōgo-ku.[9] The Emperor returned to Kyoto after about five months.[2] Shortly thereafter in 1184, the Taira fortress in Hyōgo-ku and the nearby Ikuta Shrine became the sites of the Genpei War battle of Ichi-no-Tani between the Taira and Minamoto clans. The Minamoto prevailed, pushing the Taira further west. The Nara period ) of the history of Japan covers the years from about AD 710 to 784. ... The following text needs to be harmonized with text in the article History of Japan#Heian Period. ... Imperial embassies to China were missions to China for importing the technologies and culture of China to Japan. ... Tokyo, the seat of the Government of Japan and home of the Emperor, is the capital of Japan. ... Events April 13 - Frederick Barbarossa issues the Gelnhausen Charter November 18 - France Emperor Antoku succeds Emperor Takakura as emperor of Japan Afonso I of Portugal is taken prisoner by Ferdinand II of Leon Artois is annexed by France Prince Mochihito amasses a large army and instigates the Genpei War between... Statue of Taira no Kiyomori, Miyajima, Hiroshima Prefecture Taira no Kiyomori (å¹³ 清盛 1118 - 1181) was a general of the late Heian period of Japan. ... Emperor Antoku (安徳天皇 Antoku Tennō) (December 22, 1178 – April 25, 1185) was the 81st imperial ruler of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. ... Kyoto )   is a city in the central part of the island of HonshÅ«, Japan. ... // Events Abbeville receives its commercial charter. ... Taira (平) is a Japanese surname. ... Ikuta Shrine (生田神社 ikutajinja) is a Shinto shrine in the Chuo Ward of Kobe, Japan, and is possibly among the oldest shrines in the country. ... The Genpei or Gempei War (源平合戦、寿永・治承の乱) (1180-1185) was a war of ancient Japan, fought between the Taira and Minamoto clans. ... Ichi-no-Tani (一の谷) was a Taira fortress, to the west of present-day Kobe. ... Seiryoji, a temple in Kyoto, was once a villa of Minamoto no Toru (d. ...


As the port grew during the Kamakura period, it became an important hub for trade with China and other countries, and in the 13th century, the city came to be known by the name Hyōgo Port (兵庫津 Hyōgo-tsu?).[10] During this time, Hyōgo Port along with northern Osaka composed the province of Settsu. Later, during the Edo period, the eastern parts of present-day Kobe came under the jurisdiction of the Amagasaki Domain and the western parts under that of the Akashi Domain, while the center was controlled directly by the Tokugawa shogunate.[11][12] It was not until the abolition of the han system in 1871 and the establishment of the current prefecture system that the area became politically distinct. The following text needs to be harmonized with text in the article History of Japan#Kamakura Period. ... Settsu province (摂津国, Settsu no kuni), Tsu province (津国, Tsu no kuni), or Sesshu (æ‘‚å·ž, SesshÅ«) was a province of Japan, which today comprises the eastern part of Hyogo Prefecture and the northern part of Osaka Prefecture. ... The Edo period ), also called Tokugawa period, is a division of Japanese history running from 1603 to 1868. ... The Amagasaki Domain ) was a feudal domain of Japan during the Edo period. ... Akashi Castle The Akashi Domain ) was a feudal domain of Japan. ... The Tokugawa shogunate or Tokugawa bakufu (徳川幕府) (also known as the Edo bakufu) was a feudal military dictatorship of Japan established in 1603 by Tokugawa Ieyasu and ruled by the shoguns of the Tokugawa family until 1868. ... Occurring in 1871, the abolition of the han system and establishment of the prefecture system (廃藩置県, haihan-chiken; hai abolish + han + chi set down + ken prefecture) was an act to replace the traditional han system and introduce new local government. ... The prefectures of Japan are the countrys 47 sub-national jurisdictions: one metropolis (都 to), Tokyo; one circuit (道 dō), Hokkaidō; two urban prefectures (府 fu), Osaka and Kyoto; and 43 other prefectures (県 ken). ...


Hyōgo Port was one of the first ports to open for trade with Western countries following the Meiji Restoration and the end of the policy of seclusion in 1868.[13] The region has since been identified with the West, and many foreign residences from the period remain in Kobe's Kitano area.[14] The Meiji Restoration ), also known as the Meiji Ishin, Revolution, or Renewal, was a chain of events that led to enormous changes in Japans political and social structure. ... The following text needs to be harmonized with text in the article History of Japan#Seclusion. ... Year 1868 (MDCCCLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Weathercock House, built in 1909, overlooks the city of Kobe Kitano-chō ) or Kitano Ijinkan ) is a historical district in Kobe, Japan, which contains a number of foreign residences from the late Meiji and early Taishō eras of Japanese history. ...


Modern Era

Damage caused by the Great Hanshin Earthquake
Scene from the 2006 Kobe Luminarie.

Kobe was founded on April 1, 1889, and was designated on September 1, 1956 by government ordinance. The history of the city is closely tied to that of the Ikuta Shrine, and the name "Kobe" derives from "kanbe" (神戸 kanbe?), an archaic name for those who supported the shrine.[3][4] Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 566 pixelsFull resolution (3498 × 2473 pixel, file size: 534 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 566 pixelsFull resolution (3498 × 2473 pixel, file size: 534 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... The Great Hanshin Earthquake ), or Kobe earthquake as it is more commonly known overseas, was an earthquake in Japan that measured 7. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2787 × 2090 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2787 × 2090 pixel, file size: 1. ... Photo of the 2005 festival Kobe Luminarie ) is a light festival held in Kobe, Japan every December. ... is the 91st day of the year (92nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1889 (MDCCCLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... A position of each city designated by government ordinance A city designated by government ordinance (a designated city or Government Ordinance City (Japanese: 政令指定都市 seirei shitei toshi or 政令市 seirei shi)) is a Japanese city that has a population greater than 500,000; has important economic and industrial functions; and that is... is the 244th day of the year (245th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... A car from 1956 Year 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Ikuta Shrine (生田神社 ikutajinja) is a Shinto shrine in the Chuo Ward of Kobe, Japan, and is possibly among the oldest shrines in the country. ...


During the course of World War II, Kobe was bombed with incendiary bombs by B-29 bombers on March 17, 1945, causing the death of 8,841 residents and destroying 21% of Kobe's urban area (see Bombing of Kobe in World War II). It is this incident that inspired the well-known Studio Ghibli film Grave of the Fireflies and the book by Akiyuki Nosaka on which it was based. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... The Boeing B-29 Superfortress was a four-engine heavy bomber propeller aircraft flown by the United States Army Air Forces in World War II and other military organizations afterwards. ... is the 76th day of the year (77th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar). ... On March 17th, 1945, three hundred and thirty-one American B-29 bombers launched a firebombing attack against the city of Kobe, Japan. ... Studio Ghibli, Inc. ... This article is about the film. ... A Grave of Fireflies ) is a 1967 semi-autobiographical novel by Japanese novelist Akiyuki Nosaka. ... History Akiyuki Nosaka was born on 10 October 1930 in Kanagawa. ...


Following continuous pressure from citizens, on March 18, 1975, the Kobe City Council passed an ordinance banning vessels carrying nuclear weapons from Kobe Port. This effectively prevented any U.S. warships from entering the port, policy being not to disclose whether any warship is carrying nuclear weapons. This nonproliferation policy has been termed the "Kobe Formula".[15][16] is the 77th day of the year (78th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The mushroom cloud of the atomic bombing of Nagasaki, Japan, 1945, rose some 18 kilometers (11 mi) above the hypocenter A nuclear weapon derives its destructive force from nuclear reactions of fusion or fission. ... For other uses of terms redirecting here, see US (disambiguation), USA (disambiguation), and United States (disambiguation) Motto In God We Trust(since 1956) (From Many, One; Latin, traditional) Anthem The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City National language English (de facto)1 Demonym American... Nuclear proliferation is the spread from nation to nation of nuclear technology, including nuclear power plants but especially nuclear weapons. ... Japan exhibits a firm non-nuclear weapons policy, most popularly articulated as the Three Non-Nuclear Principles of nonpossession, nonproduction, and nonintroduction of nuclear weapons. ...


On January 17, 1995 an earthquake measuring at 7.3 on the Richter magnitude scale occurred at 05:46 am JST near the city. Nearly 4,600 people within the city were killed, 240,000 were made homeless and large parts of the port facilities and other parts of the city were destroyed.[17] The earthquake destroyed portions of the Hanshin Expressway, an elevated freeway which dramatically toppled over. Within Japan, the earthquake is known as the Great Hanshin Earthquake (or the Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake). To commemorate Kobe's recovery from the 1995 quake, the city holds an event every December called the Luminarie, where the city center is decorated with illuminated metal archways. is the 17th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full 1995 Gregorian calendar). ... The Richter magnitude scale, or more correctly local magnitude ML scale, assigns a single number to quantify the amount of seismic energy released by an earthquake. ... An Imperial Ordinance issued on December 27, Meiji 28 (1895) Japan Standard Time (日本標準時 or 中央標準時) is the standard timezone in Japan that is 9 hours ahead of UTC; i. ... Hanshin Expressway ) is a network of expressways surrounding Osaka and Kobe, Japan. ... The Great Hanshin Earthquake ), or Kobe earthquake as it is more commonly known overseas, was an earthquake in Japan that measured 7. ... Photo of the 2005 festival Kobe Luminarie ) is a light festival held in Kobe, Japan every December. ...


Kobe was Japan's busiest port and one of Asia's top ports until the Great Hanshin Earthquake occurred.[18] Kobe has since dropped to the fourth in Japan and thirty-ninth busiest container port worldwide (as of 2005).[5]
This is a list of the worlds busiest container seaports. ...


Geography

Port of Kobe at twilight.
Port of Kobe at twilight.

Wedged in between the coast and the mountains, the city of Kobe is long and narrow. To the east is the city of Ashiya, while the city of Akashi lies to its west. Other adjacent cities include Takarazuka and Nishinomiya to the east and Sanda and Miki to the north. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (4100x1600, 1471 KB) 新港第一突堤から西を望む(神戸港), 神戸市, 兵庫県 File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Kobe Port Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (4100x1600, 1471 KB) 新港第一突堤から西を望む(神戸港), 神戸市, 兵庫県 File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Kobe Port Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to... Kobe at the time of twilight The Port of Kobe refers to the collective facilities and terminals that conduct maritime trade handling functions in Japans harbours and which handle Japans shipping. ... Image:Hyogo Ashiya-city. ... Akashi from the remains of the old castle Akashi (明石市; -shi) is a city located in southern Hyōgo Prefecture, Japan, on the Inland Sea west of Kobe. ... Takarazuka ) is a city located in Hyōgo Prefecture, Japan. ... Nishinomiya (西宮市; Nishinomiya-shi) is a city located in Hyōgo, Japan, between the cities of Ōsaka and Kōbe. ... Residential street in Sanda, Hyōgo Sanda (三田市; -shi) is a city located in Hyōgo, Japan. ... Miki (三木市; -shi) is a city located in Hyōgo, Japan. ...


The landmark of the port area is the red steel Port Tower. A giant ferris wheel sits in nearby Harborland, a notable tourist promenade. Two artificial islands, Port Island and Rokko Island, have been constructed to give the city room to expand. Kobe Port Tower ), a hyperboloid structure, is a 108 metre high lattice tower in form of a hyperboloid in Kobe, Japan. ... Harborland, Kobe Harborland ) is a shopping district in Chuo-ku, Kobe, Japan. ... St Clair Beach and esplanade, Dunedin, New Zealand Promenade at Rizal Boulevard in Dumaguete City, Philippines. ... Port Island (ポートアイランド Pōtoairando) is an artificial island in Kobe, Japan. ... Map of the various methods of transportation to Rokko Island from Kobe. ...


Away from the seaside at the heart of Kobe lie the Motomachi and Sannomiya districts as well as Kobe's Chinatown, Nankinmachi, all well-known retail areas. A multitude of train lines cross the city from east to west. The main transport hub is Sannomiya Station, with the eponymous Kobe Station located to the west and the Shinkansen Shin-Kobe Station to the north. Daimaru Department Store, Kobe Motomachi ) is a district of Chūō Ward in Kobe, Japan. ... Sannomiya station (三ノ宮駅 (JR) or 三宮駅 (others) Sannomiya-eki) is located in the heart of Kobe. ... This article is about sections of an urban area associated with a large number of Chinese residents or commercial activities. ... Kobe Chinatown (Nankin-machi) (Japanese: 南京町; Traditional Chinese: 南京街) is located on Kobe, Japan. ... Sannomiya station (三ノ宮駅 (JR) or 三宮駅 (others) Sannomiya-eki) is located in the heart of Kobe. ... Kōbe Station ) is a station located in Chūō-ku, Kobe, Japan. ... For the record label, see Shinkansen Records. ... Shin-Kōbe station (新神戸駅 Shin-Kōbe eki) is a train station located at the foot of Mount Rokko in Kobe, Japan, and to the northeast of Sannomiya Station. ...


Mount Rokko overlooks Kobe at an elevation of 931 meters. During the autumn season, it is famous for the rich change in colors of its forests. Nunobiki waterfall Mt. ...


Wards

Wards of Kobe.
Wards of Kobe.
The Giant Panda Koukou at Oji Zoo
The Giant Panda Koukou at Oji Zoo

Kobe has 9 wards (ku): Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (820x550, 26 KB) edit from File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Kobe ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (820x550, 26 KB) edit from File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Kobe ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1600 × 1200 pixel, file size: 273 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) 神戸南京町 File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1600 × 1200 pixel, file size: 273 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) 神戸南京町 File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... This article is about sections of an urban area associated with a large number of Chinese residents or commercial activities. ... Motomachi ) is a district of Naka Ward in Yokohama, Japan, located immediately west of Yamate and east of Chinatown. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 450 pixelsFull resolution (960 × 540 pixel, file size: 233 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) ja:ジャイアントパンダ・コウコウ(神戸市立王子動物園) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 450 pixelsFull resolution (960 × 540 pixel, file size: 233 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) ja:ジャイアントパンダ・コウコウ(神戸市立王子動物園) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Panda Bear redirects here. ... A ku (区), translated as ward, is a district in a large Japanese city. ...

1. Nishi-ku 
The westernmost area of Kobe, Nishi-ku overlooks the city of Akashi and is the site of Kobe Gakuin University. This ward has the largest population with 247,000 residents.[19]
2. Kita-ku 
Kita-ku is the largest ward by area and contains the Rokko Mountain Range, including Mount Rokko and Mount Maya. The area is well known for its rugged landscape and hiking trails. The onsen resort town of Arima also lies within Kita-ku.
3. Tarumi-ku 
Tarumi-ku is a mostly residential area. The longest suspension bridge in the world, the Akashi-Kaikyo Bridge, extends from Maiko in Tarumi-ku to Awaji Island to the south. A relatively new addition to Kobe, Tarumi-ku was not a part of the city until 1946.
4. Suma-ku 
Suma-ku is the site of Suma beach, attracting visitors during the summer months.
5. Nagata-ku 
Nagata-ku is the site of Nagata Shrine, one of the three "Great Shrines" in Kobe.
6. Hyōgo-ku 
At various times known as Ōwada Anchorage or Hyōgo Port, this area is the historical heart of the city. Shinkaichi in Hyogo-ku was once the commercial center of Kobe, but was heavily damaged during World War II, and since Hyogo-ku has lost much of its former prominence.
7. Chūō-ku 
Chuo (中央?) literally means "center", and as such Chuo-ku is the commercial and entertainment center of Kobe. Sannomiya along with Motomachi and Harborland make up the main entertainment areas in Kobe. Chuo-ku also includes Kobe City Hall and Hyōgo prefectural government offices. Port Island as well as Kobe Airport lie in the southern part of this ward.
8. Nada-ku 
Nada-ku is the site of Kobe's Oji Zoo and Kobe University. Nada is also well-known for its sake. Along with Fushimi in Kyoto, it accounts for 45% of Japan's sake production.[20]
9. Higashinada-ku 
The easternmost area of Kobe, Higashinada-ku borders the city of Ashiya. The man-made island of Rokko makes up the southern part of this ward.


Nishi-ku (西区; Nishi-ku) is one of 9 wards of Kobe City in Japan. ... Akashi from the remains of the old castle Akashi (明石市; -shi) is a city located in southern Hyōgo Prefecture, Japan, on the Inland Sea west of Kobe. ... Kobe Gakuin University is a private, co-educational university located on the western edge of the city of Kobe, in Hyogo prefecture in Japan. ... Kita-ku (北区; Kita-ku) is one of 9 wards of Kobe City in Japan. ... Nunobiki waterfall Mt. ... Kobe with Mount Maya in the background. ... Outdoor pool, Naruko, Miyagi Guidebook to Hakone from 1811 An onsen ) is a Japanese hot spring. ... Arima Onsen (Hot Spring) (有馬温泉) is one of Japans most famous old hot springs. ... Tarumi-ku (垂水区; Tarumi-ku) is one of 9 wards of Kobe City in Japan. ... The Akashi-Kaikyo Bridge ), also known as Pearl Bridge, is a suspension bridge in Japan that crosses the Akashi Strait; it links Maiko in Kobe and Iwaya on Awaji Island as part of the HonshÅ«-Shikoku Highway. ... Awaji Island (Jp. ... Suma-ku (須磨区; Suma-ku) is one of 9 wards of Kobe City in Japan. ... Nagata-ku (長田区; Nagata-ku) is one of 9 wards of Kobe City in Japan. ... Nagata Shrine ) is a Shinto shrine in Nagata Ward, Kobe, Japan. ... Hyogo-ku (兵庫区; Hyōgo-ku) is one of 9 wards of Kobe City in Japan. ... Shinkaichi ) is a district of Kobe, Japan. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Chūō-ku (中央区; Chūō-ku) is one of 9 wards of Kobe City in Japan. ... Sannomiya station (三ノ宮駅 (JR) or 三宮駅 (others) Sannomiya-eki) is located in the heart of Kobe. ... Daimaru Department Store, Kobe Motomachi ) is a district of Chūō Ward in Kobe, Japan. ... Harborland, Kobe Harborland ) is a shopping district in Chuo-ku, Kobe, Japan. ... Hyōgo Prefecture (兵庫県 Hyōgo-ken) is located in the Kinki region on Honshu island, Japan. ... Port Island (ポートアイランド Pōtoairando) is an artificial island in Kobe, Japan. ... Kobe Airport ) (IATA: UKB, ICAO: RJBE) is an airport on an artificial island just off the coast of Kobe, Japan. ... Nada-ku (灘区; Nada-ku) is one of 9 wards of Kobe City in Japan. ... Kobe University in Japan (神戸大学 Kobe Daigaku, abbreviated to 神大 Shindai) is one of the top-rating national universities. ... Sake barrels at Itsukushima Shrine. ... Categories: Japan-related stubs ... Kyoto )   is a city in the central part of the island of HonshÅ«, Japan. ... Higashinada-ku (東灘区; Higashi-Nada-ku) is one of 9 wards of Kobe City in Japan. ... Image:Hyogo Ashiya-city. ... Map of the various methods of transportation to Rokko Island from Kobe. ...


Demographics

As of September 2007, Kobe has a population of 1,530,295 making up 658,876 households. This is an increase of 1,347 persons or approximately 0.1 percent over the previous year. The population density is approximately 2,768 persons per square kilometer, while there are about 90.2 males to every 100 females.[21] About thirteen percent of the population are between the ages of 0 and 14, sixty-seven percent are between 15 and 64, and twenty percent are over the age of 65.[22]


Approximately 44,000 registered foreign nationals live in Kobe. The four most common nationalities are Korean (22,431), Chinese (12,680), American (1,308), and Vietnamese (1,274).[22]


Economy

Kobe is the busiest port in the Kansai region.
Kobe is the busiest port in the Kansai region.
Procter & Gamble Asia headquarters on Rokko Island.
Procter & Gamble Asia headquarters on Rokko Island.

Kobe is both an important port and manufacturing center within the Hanshin Industrial Region. Kobe is the busiest container port in the region, surpassing even Osaka, and the fourth busiest in Japan.[5] Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 450 pixelsFull resolution (2048 × 1152 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 450 pixelsFull resolution (2048 × 1152 pixel, file size: 1. ... Kansai region, Japan The Kansai region ) of Japan, also known as the Kinki region ), lies in the Southern-Central region of Japans main island, Honshū. The region includes the prefectures of Nara, Wakayama, Mie, Kyoto, Osaka, Hyōgo, and Shiga. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (768 × 1024 pixel, file size: 191 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Proctor and Gambles Asian HQ in Kobe, Japan Source: http://ja. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (768 × 1024 pixel, file size: 191 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Proctor and Gambles Asian HQ in Kobe, Japan Source: http://ja. ... Procter & Gamble Co. ... Map of the various methods of transportation to Rokko Island from Kobe. ... The Hanshin Industrial Region ) is one of the largest industrial region in Japan. ... This is a list of the worlds busiest container seaports. ... For other uses, see Osaka (disambiguation). ...


As of 2004, the city's total real GDP was ¥6.3 trillion, which amounts to thirty-four percent of the GDP for Hyōgo Prefecture and approximately eight percent for the whole Kansai region.[23][24] Per capita income for the year was approximately ¥2.7 million.[23] Broken down by sector, about one percent of those employed work in the primary sector (agriculture, fishing and mining), twenty-one percent work in the secondary sector (manufacturing and industry), and seventy-eight percent work in the service sector.[22] Hyōgo Prefecture (兵庫県 Hyōgo-ken) is located in the Kinki region on Honshu island, Japan. ... Kansai region, Japan The Kansai region ) of Japan, also known as the Kinki region ), lies in the Southern-Central region of Japans main island, HonshÅ«. The region includes the prefectures of Nara, Wakayama, Mie, Kyoto, Osaka, Hyōgo, and Shiga. ... The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... The three-sector hypothesis is an economic theory which divides economies into three sectors of activity: extraction of raw materials (primary), manufacturing (secondary), and services (tertiary). ... The primary sector of industry generally involves the changing process of natural resources into primary products. ... The secondary sector of industry includes those economic sectors that create a finished, usable product: manufacturing and construction. ... The tertiary sector of industry (also known as the service sector or the service industry) is one of the three main industrial categories of a developed economy, the others being the secondary industry (manufacturing), and primary industry (extraction such as mining, agriculture and fishing). ...


The value of manufactured goods produced and exported from Kobe for 2004 was ¥2.5 trillion. The four largest sectors in terms of value of goods produced are small appliances, food products, transportation equipment, and communication equipment making up over fifty percent of Kobe's manufactured goods. In terms of numbers of employees, food products, small appliances, and transportation equipment make up the three largest sectors.[25] Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ...


Major companies and institutes

Japanese companies which have their headquarters in Kobe include ASICS, a shoe manufacturer; Daiei, a department store chain; Kawasaki Heavy Industries, an automobile and ship manufacturer; and Kobe Steel. Other companies include the confectionery manufacturers Konigs-Krone and Morozoff Ltd., Sun Television Japan and UCC Ueshima Coffee Co. For the digital circuits term, see Application-specific integrated circuit. ... For other uses, please see Daiei (disambiguation). ... Kawasaki Heavy Industries, Ltd. ... Kobe Steel Limited (神戸製鋼所, Kōbe Seikōsho), aka Kobelco, (TYO: 5406) is a major Japanese steel manufacturer, headquartered in Kobe. ... It has been suggested that Candy be merged into this article or section. ... Konigs-Krone in Sannomiya, Kobe Konigs-Krone ) is a Western-style confectionery and cake company headquartered in Kobe, Japan. ... Morozoff ) TYO: 2217 is a confectionary and cake company headquarted in Kobe, Japan. ... Sun Television Co. ... UCC Ueshima Coffee Co. ...


There are over 100 international corporations with East-Asia or Japan headquarters in Kobe. Of these, twenty-four are from China, eighteen from the United States, and nine from Switzerland.[6] Some prominent corporations include Eli Lilly and Company, Nestlé, Procter & Gamble, Tempur-Pedic, and Toys "R" Us.[7] Eli Lilly and Company (NYSE: LLY) is a global pharmaceutical company and one of the worlds largest corporations. ... This article is about the company. ... Procter & Gamble Co. ... Tempur-Pedic International, Inc. ... Toys R Us (currently typeset as Toys Я Us in the logo) is a toy store chain based in the United States, Canada, Australia, the Netherlands, South Africa, Hong Kong and the United Kingdom. ...


Kobe is the site of a number of research institutes, such as the RIKEN Kobe Institute Center for developmental biology and medical imaging techniques,[26] the National Institute of Information and Communications Technology Kobe Advanced ICT Research Center,[27] the National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention,[28] and the Asian Disaster Reduction Center.[29] RIKEN is the largest research institute for natural sciences in Japan. ... Views of a Foetus in the Womb, Leonardo da Vinci, ca. ...


International organizations include the WHO Centre for Health Development, an intergovernmental agency forming part of the World Health Organization. WHO Centre for Health Development (Kobe) The WHO Centre for Health Development (WKC) is an intergovernmental agency forming part of the World Health Organisation of the United Nations. ... Intergovernmentalism is a method of decision-making in international organizations, where power is possessed by the member_states and decisions are made by unanimity. ... WHO redirects here. ...




Transportation

The Akashi-Kaikyo Bridge extends from Kobe to Awaji Island.
The Akashi-Kaikyo Bridge extends from Kobe to Awaji Island.

Download high resolution version (1024x681, 153 KB)copyright-free This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Download high resolution version (1024x681, 153 KB)copyright-free This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ...

Rail

Sannomiya Station is the main commuter hub in Kobe, serving as the transfer point for the three major intercity rail lines. The JR Kobe Line connects Kobe to Osaka and Himeji while both the Hankyu Kobe Line and the Hanshin Main Line run from Kobe to Umeda Station in Osaka. In addition, Kobe Municipal Subway provides access to the Sanyō Shinkansen at Shin-Kobe Station. Sanyō Electric Railway trains from Himeji reach Sannomiya via the Kobe Rapid Railway. Sannomiya station (三ノ宮駅 (JR) or 三宮駅 (others) Sannomiya-eki) is located in the heart of Kobe. ... The JR Kōbe Line (JR神戸線, JR Kōbe sen) is an alias of a part of Tokaido and Sanyo Main Lines. ... For other uses, see Osaka (disambiguation). ... Himeji (Japanese: 姫路市, Himeji-shi) is a city located in Hyōgo prefecture in the Kansai region of Japan. ... The HankyÅ« Kōbe Line (阪急神戸線, HankyÅ« Kōbe sen) is a major commuter heavy rail line in the Keihanshin conurbation of Japan. ... The Main Line (阪神本線, Hanshin Honsen) is a railway line of the Hanshin Electric Railway. ... Umeda Station (梅田駅 Umeda-eki) is located in the northern commercial center of Osaka, Japan. ... Kōbe Municipal Subway (神戸市営地下鉄 Kōbe shiei chikatetsu) is the subway of Kobe. ... Map of Sanyo Shinkansen route Sanyō Shinkansen ) is one of the lines of Shinkansen high speed rail network in Japan. ... Shin-Kōbe station (新神戸駅 Shin-Kōbe eki) is a train station located at the foot of Mount Rokko in Kobe, Japan, and to the northeast of Sannomiya Station. ... Sanyo Electric Railway Co. ... Kōbe Rapid Railway (神戸高速鉄道 Kōbe kōsoku-tetsudō) is a special railway company in central Kobe. ...


Other rail lines in Kobe include Kobe Electric Railway which runs north to Sanda and Arima Onsen. Hokushin Kyuko Railway connects Shin-Kobe Station to Tanigami Station on the Kobe Electric Railway. Kobe New Transit runs two lines, the Port Island Line from Sannomiya to Kobe Airport and the Rokko Island Line from JR Sumiyoshi Station to Rokko Island. Kōbe Electric Railway (神戸電鉄, Kōbe dentetsu), often called Shintetsu (神鉄), is a Japanese private railway company in Kobe and surrounding cities and towns. ... This article is about the city of Sanda in Japan. ... Arima Onsen (Hot Spring) (有馬温泉) is one of Japans most famous old hot springs. ... Hokushin Kyuko Railway Co. ... Tanigami Station ) is a train station in northern Kobe, Japan, serving the Shintetsu Arima Line, Shintetsu Sanda Line and the Hokushin Kyuko Electric Railway. ... Kōbe New Transit (神戸新交通 Kōbe shin-kōtsū) is the third-sector semipublic company that runs Portliner and Rokkoliner in Kobe. ... Port Liner Route Map The Kobe New Transit Port Island Line ), commonly known as Port Liner ) is urban automated guideway transit system in Kobe, Japan. ... Kobe Airport ) (IATA: UKB, ICAO: RJBE) is an airport on an artificial island just off the coast of Kobe, Japan. ... Island kitaguch station The Kobe New Transit Rokko Island Line ), commonly known as Rokko Liner ) is an automated guideway transit system in Kobe, Japan. ... Sumiyoshi Station entrance Sumiyoshi Station ) is a train station on the Tōkaidō Main Line (JR Kobe Line) of JR West, located in Higashi-Nada-ku, Kobe Japan and a transfer point to Rokko Liner, which connects mainland Kobe to the man-made Rokko Island. ... Map of the various methods of transportation to Rokko Island from Kobe. ...


Over Mount Rokkō, the city has two funicular lines and three aerial lifts as well, namely Maya Cablecar, Rokkō Cable Line, Rokkō Arima Ropeway, Maya Ropeway, and Shin-Kobe Ropeway. Mt. ... Angels Flight, Los Angeles, California with gantlet track configuration Duquesne Incline, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania with full length parallel tracks The Gütschbahn in Lucerne, Switzerland – from an 1893 guidebook A funicular, also called funicular railway, inclined railway, inclined plane, or, in the United Kingdom, a cliff railway, is a system of... An aerial lift is a means of transport in which gondolas or open chairs are hauled above the ground by means of a cable. ... Maya Cablecar funicular. ... Rokkō Cable funicular. ... Rokkō Arima Ropeway. ... Maya Ropeway. ... Shin-Kōbe Ropeway. ...


Road and Air

Kobe is a hub in a number of expressways, including the Meishin Expressway (Nagoya - Kobe) and the Hanshin Expressway (Osaka - Kobe).[30] Other expressways include the Sanyō Expressway (Kobe - Yamaguchi) and the Chūgoku Expressway (Osaka - Yamaguchi). The Kobe-Awaji-Naruto Expressway runs from Kobe to Naruto via Awaji Island and includes the Akashi-Kaikyo Bridge, the longest suspension bridge in the world. The expressways (高速道路, kōsokudōro, lit. ... The Meishin Expressway (名神高速道路 Meishin-kōsoku-dōro) is an expressway in Japan. ... Nagoya ) is the fourth largest city in Japan. ... Hanshin Expressway ) is a network of expressways surrounding Osaka and Kobe, Japan. ... The Sanyō Expressway ) is an expressway in Japan, running from Kobe through Hiroshima along the Inland Sea and terminating in Yamaguchi Prefecture. ... Yamaguchi Prefecture (山口県 Yamaguchi-ken) is located in the Chugoku region on Honshu island, Japan. ... The ChÅ«goku Expressway ) is an expressway in Japan connecting Osaka to Yamaguchi Prefecture. ... Locations of Honshu-Shikoku Bridge Project Expressways. ... Naruto (鳴門市; -shi) is a city located in Tokushima, Japan. ... Awaji Island (Jp. ... The Akashi-Kaikyo Bridge ), also known as Pearl Bridge, is a suspension bridge in Japan that crosses the Akashi Strait; it links Maiko in Kobe and Iwaya on Awaji Island as part of the HonshÅ«-Shikoku Highway. ...


Osaka International Airport in nearby Itami and Kobe Airport, built on a reclaimed island south of Port Island, offer mainly domestic flights, while Kansai International Airport in Osaka is the main international hub in the area. Osaka International Airport ) (IATA: ITM, ICAO: RJOO) is the primary domestic airport for the Kansai region of Japan, including the major cities of Osaka, Kyoto, and Kobe. ... Itami (Japanese: 伊丹市; -shi) is a city located in Hyogo, Japan. ... Kobe Airport ) (IATA: UKB, ICAO: RJBE) is an airport on an artificial island just off the coast of Kobe, Japan. ... Port Island (ポートアイランド Pōtoairando) is an artificial island in Kobe, Japan. ... KIX redirects here. ... For other uses, see Osaka (disambiguation). ...


Education

Kobe University main building.
Kobe University main building.
Main article: Education in Kobe

The city of Kobe directly administers 169 elementary and 83 middle schools, with enrollments of approximately 80,200 and 36,000 students, respectively.[31] If the city's four private elementary schools and fourteen private middle schools are included, these figures jump to a total 82,000 elementary school students and 42,300 junior high students enrolled for the 2006 school year.[22][32][33] Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1280 × 960 pixel, file size: 152 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Kobe University main building . Original can be found at http://ja. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1280 × 960 pixel, file size: 152 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Kobe University main building . Original can be found at http://ja. ... The city of Kobe is home to a number of schools, both public and private. ...


Kobe also directly controls seven of the city's twenty-eight full-time public high schools, while the remainder are administered by the Hyogo Prefectural Board of Education.[31][34] In addition, twenty-five high schools are run privately within the city.[35] The total enrollment for high schools in 2006 was 43,400.[22]


Kobe is home to eighteen public and private universities, including Kobe University and Konan University, and eight junior colleges. Students enrolled for 2006 reached 67,000 and 4,100, respectively.[22] Kobe University in Japan (神戸大学 Kobe Daigaku, abbreviated to 神大 Shindai) is one of the top-rating national universities. ... Konan University(甲南大学 Kōnan Daigaku) is a university located on the slopes of Rokko Mountain in the Higashinada-ku ward of the city of Kobe, Japan. ... It has been suggested that Junior College be merged into this article or section. ...


Culture

Weathercock House, one of the many foreign residences of the Kitano area of Kobe
Weathercock House, one of the many foreign residences of the Kitano area of Kobe

Kobe is famous for its Kobe beef and Arima Onsen (hot springs), while notable buildings include the Ikuta Shrine as well as the Kobe Port Tower. It is well known for the night view of the city, from the mountains as well as the coast. Kobe is also known for having a somewhat exotic atmosphere by Japanese standards, which is mainly a result of its history as a port city. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2816x1584, 910 KB) 風見鶏の館, 北野町山本通, 神戸市 File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Kobe Kitano-cho Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2816x1584, 910 KB) 風見鶏の館, 北野町山本通, 神戸市 File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Kobe Kitano-cho Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used... Weathercock House, built in 1909, overlooks the city of Kobe Kitano-cho ) or Kitano Ijinkan ) is a historical district in Kobe, Japan, which contains a number of foreign residences from the late Meiji and early Taishō eras of Japanese history. ... Kobe beef for sukiyaki Kobe beef ) refers to beef from the black Tajima-ushi breed of Wagyu cattle, raised according to strict tradition in Hyōgo Prefecture, Japan. ... Arima Onsen (Hot Spring) (有馬温泉) is one of Japans most famous old hot springs. ... Ikuta Shrine (生田神社 ikutajinja) is a Shinto shrine in the Chuo Ward of Kobe, Japan, and is possibly among the oldest shrines in the country. ... Kobe Port Tower ), a hyperboloid structure, is a 108 metre high lattice tower in form of a hyperboloid in Kobe, Japan. ...


The city is also widely associated with cosmopolitanism and fashion, encapsulated in the Japanese phrase, "If you can't go to Paris, go to Kobe."[36] The biannual fashion event Kobe Collection is held in Kobe.[37] The jazz festival "Kobe Jazz Street" has been held every October at jazz clubs and hotels since 1981.[38] The Kobe collection ) is a fashion event has been held in Kobe, Japan and other cities during spring and autumn every year since 2002; over 30 brands and some have participated. ...


Kobe is the site of Japan's first golf course, Kobe Golf Club, established by Arthur Hasketh Groom in 1903,[39] and Japan's first mosque, Kobe Mosque, built in 1935.[40] The city also hosts the Kobe Regatta & Athletic Club, founded in 1870 by Alexander Cameron Sim,[41] a prominent foreign cemetery, and a number of Western-style residences from the 19th century. The Kobe Golf Club overlooks the Inland Sea. ... Arthur Hasketh Groom (1846-1918) founded the Kobe Golf Club on May 24, 1903 which was Japans first ever golf club. ... Kobe Mosque Kobe Mosque ), also known as Kobe Muslim Mosque ), was founded in October, 1935 in Kobe and is Japans first mosque. ... Kobe Regatta & Athletic Club The Kobe Regatta & Athletic Club, founded in 1870 by Alexander Cameron Sim, is Kobe and the Kansai regions oldest sports club. ... Alexander Cameron Sim (1840-1900) was born in Aberlour, Scotland on August 28, 1840. ... Foreigners cemetery in Hakodate The foreign cemeteries (gaijin bochi) in Japan are chiefly located in Tokyo and at the former treaty ports of Nagasaki, Kobe, Yokohama, and Hakodate. ...


Most of the 1957 romantic drama Sayonara takes place in Kobe.. Kobe is also the setting of the Studio Ghibli film Grave of the Fireflies. Sayonara is a 1957 film which tells the story of an American Air Force flier who was a fighter Ace during the Korean War. ... Studio Ghibli, Inc. ... This article is about the film. ...


Sports

Club Sport League Venue Established
Kobe Steel Kobelco Steelers Rugby Top League Kobe Wing Stadium 1928
Orix Buffaloes Orix Buffaloes Baseball Pacific League Skymark Stadium
Osaka Dome
1938
Vissel Kobe Football J. League Kobe Wing Stadium
Kobe Universiade Memorial Stadium
1995

Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Kobe Steel Kobelco Steelers (神戸製鋼コベルコスティーラーズ Kobe Seiko Koberuko Suti-ra-zu) are a Japanese rugby team owned by Kobe Steel, Ltd. ... For other uses, see Rugby (disambiguation). ... In an effort to drive up the overall standard of Japanese rugby and improve the results of the Japan national rugby union team, the Japan Rugby Football Union has recently created a new semi-professional 12-team league, called the Top League. ... Kobe Wing Stadium is a football stadium in Kobe, Japan. ... Year 1928 (MCMXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The Orix Buffaloes ) are a Nippon Professional Baseball team based in Osaka and Kobe, Japan, which plays in the Pacific League. ... This article is about the sport. ... The Pacific League (パシフィック・リーグ Pashifikku Riigu) is one of Japans two major professional baseball leagues (the other is the Central League). ... Skymark Stadium (スカイマークスタジアム) is a stadium in Kobe Sports Park, Kobe, Japan. ... Osaka Dome (大阪ドーム) is a baseball stadium located in Osaka in Japan. ... Year 1938 (MCMXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Vissel_kobe. ... Kobe-Universiade game meeting commemoration stadium old logo Vissel Kobe ) is a Japanese professional football (soccer) club, currently playing in the J. League Division 1. ... Soccer redirects here. ... The Japan Professional Football League ), or J.LEAGUE ), is the top professional football (soccer) league in Japan and one of the most successful leagues in Asian club football. ... Kobe Wing Stadium is a football stadium in Kobe, Japan. ... Kobe Universiade Memorial Stadium is a multi-use stadium in Kobe, Japan. ... Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full 1995 Gregorian calendar). ...

Sister cities and sister ports

Kobe has six sister cities and a number of other affiliations.[42] They are:

Sister ports: Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Seattle redirects here. ... For the capital city of the United States, see Washington, D.C.. For other uses, see Washington (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... City flag Coat of arms Motto: By her great deeds, the city of Massilia shines The Old Port of Marseille Location Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Coordinates Administration Country Region Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur Department Bouches-du-Rhône (13) Subdivisions 16 arrondissements (in 8 secteurs) Intercommunality Urban... Image File history File links Flag_of_Brazil. ... This article is about the Brazilian city. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Latvia. ... For other uses, see Riga (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... For other uses, see Brisbane (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Spain. ... Location Coordinates : Time Zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer: CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name Barcelona (Catalan) Spanish name Barcelona Nickname Ciutat Comtal (City of Counts) Postal code 08001–08080 Area code 34 (Spain) + 93 (Barcelona) Website http://www. ... This article is about the Spanish autonomous community. ...

Other city affiliations: Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Netherlands. ... Nickname: Motto: Sterker door strijd (Stronger through Struggle) Location of Rotterdam Coordinates: , Country Province Government  - Mayor Ivo Opstelten  - Aldermen Jeannette Baljeu Hamit Karakus Orhan Kaya Lucas Bolsius Jantine Kriens Dominic Schrijer Roelf de Boer Leonard Geluk Area [1]  - Total 319 km² (123. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... City nickname Emerald City City bird Great Blue Heron City flower Dahlia City mottos The City of Flowers The City of Goodwill City song Seattle, the Peerless City Mayor Greg Nickels County King County Area   - Total   - Land   - Water   - % water 369. ... For the capital city of the United States, see Washington, D.C.. For other uses, see Washington (disambiguation). ...

Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ...   (Chinese: ; Pinyin: ; Postal map spelling: Tientsin) is one of the four municipalities of China. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... For other uses, see Philadelphia (disambiguation) and Philly. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ...

Gallery

References

  1. ^ a b Ikuta Shrine official website - "History of Ikuta Shrine" (Japanese), retrieved October 22, 2007
  2. ^ a b c Kobe City Info - "History", retrieved February 2, 2007
  3. ^ a b Nagasaki University - "Ikuta Shrine", retrieved February 3, 2007
  4. ^ a b Entry for 「神戸(かんべ)」. Kōjien, fifth edition, 1998, [ISBN 4-00-080111-2]
  5. ^ a b c American Association of Port Authorities - "World Port Rankings 2005", retrieved July 3, 2007
  6. ^ a b "Number of foreign corporations with headquarters in Kobe passes 100." (Japanese) in Nikkei Net, retrieved from NIKKEI.net on July 3, 2007.
  7. ^ a b Hyogo-Kobe Investment Guide - "List of Foreign Enterprises and Examples", retrieved February 8, 2007
  8. ^ From the NYPL Digital Library
  9. ^ a b c City of Kobe - "Kobe's History" (Japanese), retrieved October 22, 2007.
  10. ^ a b Hyogo Internationl Tourism Guide - "Hyogo-tsu", retrieved February 2, 2007
  11. ^ City of Kobe - "Old Kobe" (Japanese), retrieved February 16, 2007
  12. ^ City of Ashiya - "An Outline History of Ashiya", retrieved February 16, 2007
  13. ^ Hyogo Prefectural Government - "Hyogo Overview", retrieved February 2, 2007
  14. ^ Japan Reference - "Kobe", retrieved February 2, 2007
  15. ^ Kobe City Council - "Resolution on the Rejection of the Visit of Nuclear-Armed Warships into Kobe Port", 18 March 1975., retrieved February 16, 2007
  16. ^ Kamimura, Naoki. "Japanese Civil Society and U.S.-Japan Security Relations in the 1990s". retrieved from International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War on February 2, 2007
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The Kojien (Japanese: 広辞苑, kōjien) is a Japanese dictionary. ... The New York Times is an internationally known daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed in the United States and many other nations worldwide. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Kobe
  • (English) Official Kobe homepage
  • (English) Kobe City Info
  • New York Public Library Digital Gallery - late 19th century photographs of Kobe
  • Kobe travel guide from Wikitravel
Shadow picture of Hyōgo Prefecture Hyōgo Prefecture
Cities
Aioi | Akashi | Akō | Amagasaki | Asago | Ashiya | Awaji | Himeji | Itami | Kakogawa | Kasai | Katō | Kawanishi | Kobe (capital) | Miki | Minamiawaji | Nishinomiya | Nishiwaki | Ono | Sanda | Sasayama | Shisō | Sumoto | Takarazuka | Takasago | Tamba | Tatsuno | Toyooka | Yabu
Districts
Akō | Ibo | Kako | Kanzaki | Kawabe | Mikata | Sayō | Taka
  See also: Towns and villages by district edit

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