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Encyclopedia > Knut Hamsun
Knut Hamsun (31 years old) in 1890
Knut Hamsun (31 years old) in 1890

Knut Hamsun (August 4, 1859February 19, 1952) was a leading Norwegian author and recipient of the Nobel Prize in Literature for 1920. Image File history File links Description: Knut Hamsun (31 years old) Picture taken in 1890 License: PD due to expiration First uploaded to en-Wikipedia by en:User:Kks862003 File links The following pages link to this file: Knut Hamsun ... Image File history File links Description: Knut Hamsun (31 years old) Picture taken in 1890 License: PD due to expiration First uploaded to en-Wikipedia by en:User:Kks862003 File links The following pages link to this file: Knut Hamsun ... 1890 (MDCCCXC) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar). ... August 4 is the 216th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (217th in leap years), with 149 days remaining. ... 1859 (MDCCCLIX) is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar). ... February 19 is the 50th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1952 (MCMLII) was a Leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Nobel Prize in Literature medal. ... Year 1920 (MCMXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday. ...

Contents

Biography

14 year old Hamsun in Tranøy.

Knut Hamsun was born as Knud Pedersen in Lom, Gudbrandsdal, Norway. He was the fourth son of Peder Pedersen and Tora Olsdatter (Garmostrædet). He grew up in poverty in Hamarøy in Nordland. At 17, he became an apprentice to a ropemaker, and at about the same time he started to write. He spent several years in America, travelling and working at various jobs, and published his impressions under the title Fra det moderne Amerikas Aandsliv (1889). Image File history File links Knut_Hamsun_as_teenager_at_14_(1874)_in_Tranøy. ... Image File history File links Knut_Hamsun_as_teenager_at_14_(1874)_in_Tranøy. ... Missing image Image:Lom kart. ... Gudbrandsdalen is a valley and traditional district in the Norwegian fylke (county) of Oppland. ... County Nordland District Salten Municipality NO-1849 Administrative centre Oppeid Mayor (2003) Jan-Folke Sandnes (H) Official language form Neutral Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 103 1,031 km² 921 km² 0. ... County NO-18 Region Nord-Norge Administrative centre Bodø County mayor   Area  - Total  - Percentage Ranked 2 38,456 km² 11. ...


In 1898, Hamsun married Bergljot Goepfert (née Bech), but the marriage ended in 1906. Hamsun then married Marie Andersen (b. 1881) in 1909 and she would be his companion until the end of his life. She wrote about their life together in her two memoirs. Marie was a young and promising actress when she met Hamsun, but she ended her career and travelled with him to Hamarøy. They bought a farm, the idea being "to earn their living as farmers, with his writing providing some additional income". 1898 (MDCCCXCVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... 1906 (MCMVI) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Marie Hamsun (born Marie Andersen) (1881-1969) was a Norwegian actor and writer. ... Year 1881 (MDCCCLXXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar). ... As a literary genre, a memoir (from the Latin memoria, meaning memory) forms a subclass of autobiography, although it is an older form of writing. ...


However, after a few years, they decided to move south, to Larvik. In 1918, the couple bought Nørholm, an old and somewhat dilapidated manor house between Lillesand and Grimstad. The main residence was restored and redecorated. Here Hamsun could occupy himself writing undisturbed, although he often travelled to write in other cities and places (preferably in spartan housing). County Vestfold District Municipality NO-0709 Administrative centre Larvik Mayor (2003) Øyvind Riise Jenssen (H) Official language form BokmÃ¥l Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 199 535 km² 501 km² 0. ... Lillesand is a town and municipality in the county of Aust-Agder, Norway. ... County Aust-Agder Landscape Sørlandet Municipality NO-0904 Administrative centre Grimstad Mayor (2004) Svein Harberg (H) Official language form BokmÃ¥l Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 275 303 km² 272 km² 0. ...


Knut Hamsun died in his home at Nørholm, aged 92 in 1952. 1952 (MCMLII) was a Leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ...


Ole Trulsen==Work== Hamsun first received wide acclaim with his 1890 novel Hunger (Sult). The semi-autobiographical work described a young and egocentric writer's descent into near madness as a result of hunger and poverty in the Norwegian capital of Kristiania. To many, the novel presaged the writings of Franz Kafka and other twentieth-century novelists with its internal monologue and bizarre logic. Hamsun had a dufficult life when he grown up with his onkle. 1890 (MDCCCXC) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar). ... Hunger (Sult) is a novel by the Norwegian author Knut Hamsun and was published in its final form in 1890. ... In the period 1878–1924, Kristiania was the name used for Norways capital Oslo (having been called Christiania since 1624). ... Kafka at the age of five Franz Kafka (IPA: ) (July 3, 1883 – June 3, 1924) was one of the major German-language novelists and short story writers of the 20th century, whose unique body of writing — much of it incomplete, and published posthumously despite his wish that much of it...


A theme to which Hamsun often returned is that of the perpetual wanderer, an itinerant stranger (often the narrator) who shows up and insinuates himself into the life of small rural communities. This wanderer theme is central to the novels Mysteries, Pan, Under the Autumn Star, The Last Joy, Vagabonds, and others. In modern colloquial English, a mystery is a subgenre of detective fiction (see mystery fiction). ... Look up Pan in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Hamsun’s prose often contains rapturous depictions of the natural world, with intimate reflections on the Norwegian woodlands and coastline. For this reason, he has been linked with the spiritual movement known as pantheism. Hamsun sees humankind and nature united in a strong, sometimes mystical bond. This connection between the characters and their natural environment is exemplified in the novels Pan, A Wanderer Plays on Muted Strings, and the epic Growth of the Soil, for which Hamsun received the Nobel Prize in literature in 1920. Pantheism (Greek: pan = all and Theos = God) literally means God is All and All is God. It is the view that everything is of an all-encompassing immanent God; or that the universe, or nature, and God are equivalent. ... Look up Pan in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Nobel Prize in Literature medal. ... Year 1920 (MCMXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday. ...


A fifteen-volume edition of his complete works was published in 1954.


Political sympathies

Hamsun was a prominent advocate of Germany and German culture, as well as a rhetorical opponent of British imperialism and the Soviet Union, and he supported Germany both during First and the Second World War. Despite his immense popularity in Norway and around the world, Hamsun's reputation for a time waned considerably because of his support of Vidkun Quisling's National Socialist government. Following a meeting with Joseph Goebbels in 1943, he sent Goebbels his Nobel Prize medal as a gift. Hamsun also met with Adolf Hitler and tried to have him remove Josef Terboven from the position of Reichskommissar of Norway. Cecil Rhodes: Cape-Cairo railway project. ... Combatants Allied Powers: Russian Empire France British Empire Italy United States Central Powers: Austria-Hungary German Empire Ottoman Empire Bulgaria Commanders Nicholas II Aleksei Brusilov Georges Clemenceau Joseph Joffre Ferdinand Foch Herbert Henry Asquith Douglas Haig John Jellicoe Victor Emmanuel III Luigi Cadorna Armando Diaz Woodrow Wilson John Pershing Franz... Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air. ... Vidkun Quisling Vidkun Abraham Lauritz Jonssøn Quisling, (July 18, 1887 – October 24, 1945) was a Norwegian army officer and fascist politician. ... Nasjonal Samling (Norwegian for National Gathering or National Unification) was a fascist party in Norway before and during World War II, founded on May 17, 1933 by Vidkun Quisling and Johan Bernhard Hjort. ... Dr. Paul Joseph Goebbels (29 October 1897–1 May 1945), Nazi German politician, was Minister for Public Enlightenment and Propaganda throughout the regime of Adolf Hitler from 1933 to 1945. ... Year 1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1943 calendar). ... Hitler redirects here. ... Josef Terboven Josef Antonius Heinrich Terboven (May 23, 1898 - May 8, 1945) was a Nazi leader most known for his brutal leadership during the Nazi occupation of Norway. ... Reichskommissar (Commissionary of the Empire) was an official title of authorized representative of the Deutsches Reich (after 1871) who was appointed to a special task, e. ...


After Hitler's death, Hamsun wrote an obituary in the leading Norwegian newspaper Aftenposten, describing him as a "warrior for mankind". It has been argued that his "sympathies" were those of a country that had been occupied. He sometimes used his status as a man of fame to improve the conditions of his area during the occupation and criticized the number of executions. Still, following the end of the war, angry crowds burned his books in public in major Norwegian cities. After the war Hamsun was confined for several months in a psychiatric hospital. A psychiatrist concluded he had "permanently impaired mental abilities", and on that basis the charges of treason were dropped. Instead, a civil liability case was raised against him and in 1948 he was fined 325,000 kroner for his alleged membership in Nasjonal Samling, but cleared of any direct Nazi-affiliation. Whether he was a member of Nasjonal Samling or not and whether his mental abilities were impaired is a much debated issue even today. Hamsun stated he was never a member of any political party. Hamsun himself wrote about this experience in the 1949 book, On Overgrown Paths, a book many take as evidence of his functioning mental capabilities. Hitler redirects here. ... Obituary for World War I death An obituary is a notice of the death of a person, usually published in a newspaper, written or commissioned by the newspaper, and usually including a short biography. ... Aftenposten is Norways second largest newspaper with a circulation of 256,600 copies for the morning edition, 155,400 copies for the separate evening edition and 232,900 copies for the Sunday edition in 2003. ... In the most general sense, a liability is anything that is a hindrance, or puts one at a disadvantage. ... Year 1948 (MCMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1948 calendar). ... ISO 4217 Code NOK User(s) Norway Inflation rate 2. ... Nasjonal Samling (Norwegian for National Gathering or National Unification) was a fascist party in Norway before and during World War II, founded on May 17, 1933 by Vidkun Quisling and Johan Bernhard Hjort. ...


The Danish author Thorkild Hansen investigated the trial and wrote the book The Hamsun Trial (1978), which created a storm in Norway. Among other things Hansen stated: "If you want to meet idiots, go to Norway", since he felt that treating an old man like that was outrageous. 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday. ...


In 1996 the Swedish director Jan Troell based the movie Hamsun on Hansen's book. In Hamsun, the Swedish actor Max von Sydow plays Knut Hamsun, while his wife Marie is played by the Danish actress Ghita Nørby. 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ... Jan Troell (born July 23, 1931 in Limhamn outside Malmö, SkÃ¥ne län, Sweden) is a Swedish film director. ... Max von Sydow as Ming the Merciless in Flash Gordon (help· info) (born April 10, 1929) is a Swedish actor, known in particular for his collaboraton with Ingmar Bergman. ... Ghita Nørby (born January 11, 1935), aka Ghita Norby, is an immensely popular Danish actress with 117 credits to her name from 1956-2005, making her one of the most active Danish actresses ever. ...


Bibliography

Year Title Translated title ISBN
1877 Den Gaadefulde. En kjærlighedshistorie fra Nordland (Published under Knud Pedersen)
1878 Et Gjensyn (Published under Knud Pedersen Hamsund)
1878 Bjørger (Published under Knud Pedersen Hamsund)
1889 Lars Oftedal. Udkast (11 articles, previously printed in Dagbladet)
1889 Fra det moderne Amerikas Aandsliv The Spiritual Life of Modern America
1890 Sult Hunger ISBN 0-374-52528-5
1892 Mysterier Mysteries ISBN 0-14-118618-6
1893 Redaktør Lynge
1893 Ny Jord Shallow Soil ISBN 1-4191-4690-4
1894 Pan Pan ISBN 0-14-118067-6
1895 Ved Rigets Port At the Gate of the Kingdom
1896 Livets Spil The Game of Life
1897 Siesta
1898 Aftenrøde. Slutningspil
1898 Victoria. En kjærlighedshistorie Victoria ISBN 1-55713-177-5
1902 Munken Vendt. Brigantines saga I
1903 I Æventyrland. Oplevet og drømt i Kaukasien In Wonderland ISBN 0-9703125-5-5
1903 Dronning Tamara (Play in three acts)
1903 Kratskog
1904 Det vilde Kor (Poems)
1904 Sværmere Dreamers ISBN 0-8112-1321-8
1905 Stridende Liv. Skildringer fra Vesten og Østen
1906 Under Høststjærnen. En Vandrers Fortælling Under the Autumn Star ISBN 1-55713-343-3
1908 Benoni
1908 Rosa. Af student Pærelius' Papirer Rosa ISBN 1-55713-359-X
1909 En Vandrer spiller med Sordin A Wanderer Plays on Muted Strings ISBN 1-892295-73-3
1909 En Vandrer spiller med Sordin Also translated combined with Under Høststjærnen as Wanderers ISBN 1-4191-9307-4
1910 Livet i Vold (Play in four acts) In the Grip of Life
1912 Den sidste Glæde The Last Joy ISBN 1-931243-19-0
1913 Børn av Tiden Children of the Age
1915 Segelfoss By 1 Segelfoss Town (Volume 1)
1915 Segelfoss By 2 Segelfoss Town (Volume 2)
1917 Markens Grøde 1 Growth of the Soil ISBN 0-394-71781-3
1917 Markens Grøde 2
1918 Sproget i Fare
1920 Konerne ved Vandposten I The Women at the Pump ISBN 1-55713-244-5
1920 Konerne ved Vandposten II
1923 Siste Kapitel I The Last Chapter (Volume 1)
1923 Siste Kapitel II The Last Chapter (Volume 2)
1927 Landstrykere I Wayfarers ISBN 1-55713-211-9
1927 Landstrykere II
1930 August I August (Volume 1)
1930 August II August (Volume 2)
1933 Men Livet lever I The Road Leads On (Volume 1) ISBN 1-4191-8075-4
1933 Men Livet lever II The Road Leads On (Volume 2)
1936 Ringen sluttet The Ring is Closed
1949 Paa gjengrodde Stier On Overgrown Paths ISBN 1-892295-10-5

Dagbladet is Norways third largest newspaper with a circulation of 191,164 copies in 2002. ... Hunger (Sult) is a novel by the Norwegian author Knut Hamsun and was published in its final form in 1890. ... This page may meet Wikipedias criteria for speedy deletion. ... Pan is a novel written by the Norwegian author Knut Hamsun in 1894. ... A millers son, Johannes, falls in love with the daughter of a wealthy landowner, Victoria. ... In Wonderland is a travel book by Knut Hamsun. ... Wanderer or Wanderers can refer to several things: In the arts: The Wanderer, a novel by Fritz Leiber The Wanderer, a novel by Sharon Creech Le Grand Meaulnes (also known as The Wanderer), a 1913 novel by Alain-Fournier Wanderer, an Old English poem Wanderer, a song by U2 The... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... On Overgrown Paths (1949) is the last novel written by Knut Hamsun, and is seen as the authors attempt at proving his soundness of mind after his sanity was called into question. ...

Books about Hamsun

  • Ferguson, Robert. Enigma: The Life of Knut Hamsun Farrar, Straus and Giroux, New York: 1987. ISBN 0-374-52093-3
  • Humpal, Martin. The Roots of Modernist Narrative: Knut Hamsun's Novels Hunger, Mysteries and Pan International Specialized Book Services. 1999 ISBN 82-560-1178-5
  • Kolloen, Ingar Sletten. Svermeren 2003 Biography
  • Kolloen, Ingar Sletten. Erobreren 2004 Biography

NY redirects here. ... 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

English reviews

The December 5, 2005January 2, 2006 issue of The New Yorker has a major article by Jeffrey Frank (link here). It seems to rely on the Ingar Kolloen biography (two volumes, reportedly aggregating about 1000 pages). In English, Hamsun was never popular and remains largely unknown. His infamous audience with Adolf Hitler is recorded to have been mostly him complaining about the Nazi depredations against Norwegians. At this time he was a largely-deaf old man in his 80s. The 21st century consensus puts him in the forefront of modernists, in the William Faulkner and Franz Kafka mode. Ernest Hemingway once said [citation needed] "Hamsun taught me how to write". Nobel Prize-winning writer Isaac Bashevis Singer was also greatly influenced by Hamsun and translated some of his works. December 5 is the 339th day (340th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... January 2 is the second day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The New Yorker is an American magazine that publishes reportage, criticism, essays, cartoons, poetry and fiction. ... Hitler redirects here. ... National Socialism redirects here. ... William Cuthbert Faulkner (September 25, 1897 – July 6, 1962) was a Nobel Prize winning novelist from Mississippi. ... Kafka at the age of five Franz Kafka (IPA: ) (July 3, 1883 – June 3, 1924) was one of the major German-language novelists and short story writers of the 20th century, whose unique body of writing — much of it incomplete, and published posthumously despite his wish that much of it... Ernest Miller Hemingway (July 21, 1899 – July 2, 1961) was an American novelist, short-story writer, and journalist. ... Nobel Prize medal. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...

    References and further reading

    • Knut Hamsun Online
    • Biography from the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs
    • Knut Hamsun as nobel prize laureate
    • Biography and bibliography
    • Works by Knut Hamsun at Project Gutenberg
    • Wood, James, Addicted to Unpredictability, an essay. Retrieved 8 October 2006.

      Results from FactBites:
     
    Knut Hamsun og Nørholm (57 words)
    Kildene er delvis Marie Hamsun, delvis annen litteratur, dagspresse m.v.
    Fra Arild Hamsun: Om Knut Hamsun og Nørholm:
    Fra Birgit Gjernes: MARIE HAMSUN - Et livsbilde:
    Knut Hamsun (2255 words)
    Knut Hamsun was born in Lom in the Gudbrandsdalen Valley in central Norway, as the fourth son of Peder Petersen, a skilled itinerant tailor, and Tora (Olsdatter Garmotraedet) Pedersen.
    Hamsun was not allowed to play with the other children but he started to work for Olsen, keep the post office accounts, and chop wood, to pay the debt to him,.
    Hamsun was considered eccentric by Norwegian immigrants, but the Unitarian minister and writer Kristofer Janson allowed Hamsun to use his large library.
      More results at FactBites »

     
     

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