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Encyclopedia > Klyuchevskaya Sopka
Klyuchevskaya Sopka

Eruption of January 2005
Elevation 4,750 metres (15,584 feet)
Location Kamchatka, Russia
Prominence 4,649 m Ranked 13th
Coordinates 56°04′N, 160°38′E
Type Stratovolcano (active)
Last eruption 2005
First ascent 1788 by Daniel Gauss and 2 others
Easiest route basic rock/snow climb

Klyuchevskaya Sopka (Russian: Ключевская сопка) is the highest mountain on the Kamchatka Peninsula of Russia. The volcano's steep, symmetrical cone towers are a mere 100 km (60 miles) from the Bering Sea. The volcano is part of the natural UNESCO World Heritage Site Volcanoes of Kamchatka. Image File history File links Klyuchevskaya_ASTER_24feb05. ... A topographical summit is a point on a surface which is higher in elevation than all points immediately adjacent to it. ... Kamchatka is the home of many volcanoes. ... In topography, prominence, also known as autonomous height, relative height or shoulder drop (in America) or prime factor (in Europe), is a concept used in the categorization of hills and mountains, also known as peaks. ... This is a list of peaks by prominence; that is, a list of mountains on Earth ordered by their topographic prominence. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... Mountains can be characterized in several ways. ... Stratovolcano Mount St. ... For other uses, see Volcano (disambiguation). ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... In climbing, a first ascent (FA) is the first climb to reach the top of a mountain, or the first to follow a particular climbing route. ... 1788 was a leap year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Southern and northern Mount Everest climbing routes as seen from the International Space Station. ... Lyskamm, 4 527 m, Pennine Alps A mountain is a landform that extends above the surrounding terrain in a limited area. ... Kamchatka is the home of many volcanoes. ... km redirects here. ... Satellite photo of the Bering Sea Bering Sea and the North Pacific Ocean Bearing Sea with Kamchatka Peninsula and Alaska The Bering (or Imarpik) Sea is a body of water north of, and separated from, the north Pacific Ocean by the Alaska Peninsula and Aleutian Islands. ... UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) is a specialized agency of the United Nations established in 1945. ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State...


Klyuchevskaya's first recorded eruption occurred in 1697, and it has been almost continuously active ever since, as have many of its neighboring volcanoes. First climbed in 1788 by Daniel Gauss and two other members of the Billings Expedition. No other ascents were then recorded until 1931, when several climbers were killed by flying lava on the descent. As similar dangers still exist today, few ascents are made. Events September 11 - Battle of Zenta, Prince Eugene of Savoy crushed Ottoman army of Mustafa II September 20 - The Treaty of Ryswick December 2 – St Pauls Cathedral opened in London Peter the Great travels in Europe officially incognito as artilleryman Pjotr Mikhailov Use of palanquins increases in Europe Christopher... 1788 was a leap year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Joseph Billings (c. ... 1931 (MCMXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link is to a full 1931 calendar). ...


Klyuchevskaya Sopka is considered sacred by some indigenous peoples, being viewed by them as the location at which the world was created. Other volcanoes in the region are seen with similar spiritual significance, but Klyuchevskaya Sopka is the most sacred of these. It is said that when the god Kutkh created the world, this was the point at which he held it, and so it remains unfinished, unsealed, thus the volcanic activity.

Space radar image of Klyuchevskaya Sopka
Space radar image of Klyuchevskaya Sopka

Image File history File links Download high resolution version (816x576, 202 KB)Kliuchevskoi Volcano, Russia - space radar image image description here Image courtesy: NASA/JPL-Caltech File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (816x576, 202 KB)Kliuchevskoi Volcano, Russia - space radar image image description here Image courtesy: NASA/JPL-Caltech File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ...

External links

  • Global Volcanism Program
  • Klyuchevskoy Volcano live webcam
  • Klyuchevskaya on Peakware - photos
  • Google Maps satellite image

 
 

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