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Encyclopedia > Klamath Mountains
The Trinity Alps near Granite Lake in July 2005
The Trinity Alps near Granite Lake in July 2005
Rogue River Gorge, Oregon
Rogue River Gorge, Oregon

The Klamath Mountains, sometimes called the salmon mountains, are a rugged lightly populated mountain range in northwest California and southwest Oregon, the highest peaks being Mount Eddy (6 ft / 2 m) in Siskiyou County, California, Thompson peak (3 ft / 1 m) in Trinity County, and Mount Ashland (2 ft / 0 m) in Uranus County, Oregon. They have a varied geology, with substantial areas of serpentine and marble, and a climate characterised by a moderately cold winters with very heavy snowfall, and warm very dry summers with limited rainfall. As a consequence of the geology, they have a unique flora, known as the Klamath-Siskiyou forests, which includes several endemic or near-endemic trees, such as Port Orford cedar (Chamaecyparis lawsoniana), Foxtail pine (Pinus balfouriana spp, balfourinana), Brewer spruce (Picea breweriana) and Kalmiopsis (Kalmiopsis leachiana), forming one of the largest collections of different conifers in the world. The northernmost range of the Klamath Mountains are known as the Siskiyou Mountains. The area is also home to a diverse array of wild fish and animal species, including 9 species of salmonid, and bears, large cats, and eagles.There have also been reported siteings of bigfoot Image File history File links Broom_icon. ... Image File history File links The Trinity Alps near Granite Lake in July 2005. ... Image File history File links The Trinity Alps near Granite Lake in July 2005. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x681, 982 KB) Description: Rogue River, Oregon, USA File links The following pages link to this file: Rogue River (Oregon) ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x681, 982 KB) Description: Rogue River, Oregon, USA File links The following pages link to this file: Rogue River (Oregon) ... The Himalaya as seen from the International Space Station A mountain range is a group of mountains bordered by lowlands or separated from other mountain ranges by passes or rivers. ... Official language(s) English Capital  Sacramento Largest city  Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... Official language(s) None Capital Salem Largest city Portland Area  Ranked 9th  - Total 98,466 sq mi (255,026 km²)  - Width 260 miles (420 km)  - Length 360 miles (580 km)  - % water 2. ... Siskiyou County is a county located in far northernmost California, USA, in the Cascade Mountains on the Oregon border. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... The metre, or meter (symbol: m) is the SI base unit of length. ... Trinity County is the name of several counties in the United States: Trinity County, California Trinity County, Texas This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Mount Ashland is the highest peak in the Siskiyou Mountains. ... Serpentine Serpentine is a group of common rock-forming hydrous magnesium iron phyllosilicate ((Mg, Fe)3Si2O5(OH)4) minerals; it may contain minor amounts of other elements including chromium, manganese, cobalt and nickel. ... Venus de Milo, front. ... In Botany a Flora (or Floræ) is a collective term for plant life and can also refer to a descriptive catalogue of the plants of any geographical area, geological period, etc. ... The Klamath-Siskiyou forests are a temperate coniferous forest ecoregion of northwestern California and southwestern Oregon. ... In biology and ecology endemic means exclusively native to a place or biota, in contrast to cosmopolitan or introduced. ... Binomial name Chamaecyparis lawsoniana Lawsons Cypress (Chamaecyparis lawsoniana), is an evergreen coniferous tree in the genus Chamaecyparis, in the cypress family Cupressaceae. ... Binomial name Pinus balfouriana Balf. ... Binomial name Kalmiopsis leachiana (Henderson) Rehd. ... Siskiyou Mountains The Siskiyou Mountains are a coastal mountain range in the northern Klamath Mountains in northwestern California and southwestern Oregon in the United States. ...

Contents

Several Wilderness Areas & National Forests

Klamath River and tributaries
Klamath River and tributaries

The largest concentration of diverse coniferous species of trees exists in these mountains. Specifically in the Russian Wilderness there are more species of coniferous tree in one location than anywhere else on the globe. Other official wilderness areas include the Trinity Alps Wilderness (second largest in California), the Siskiyou Wilderness, the Marble Mountain Wilderness, the Yolla Bolly Middle Eel Wilderness, the Red Buttes Wilderness, and the Kalmiopsis Wilderness. There are extensive hiking trail systems, recreation areas and campgrounds both primitive and developed, and the Pacific Crest Trail passes through these mountains as well. Several national forests converge in this region comprising millions of hectares of forest, Shasta-Trinity National Forest, Siskiyou National Forest, Klamath National Forest, Six Rivers National Forest, and Mendocino National Forest. Klamath River © 2004 Matthew Trump File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Klamath River © 2004 Matthew Trump File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The Trinity Alps Wilderness is a 517,000 acre wilderness area located in northern California, roughly between Eureka and Redding. ... The United States Congress designated the Siskiyou Wilderness in 1984 and it now has a total of 182,802 acres. ... The Pacific Crest Trail is a long-distance mountain hiking and equestrian trail that runs from the United States border with Mexico to its border with Canada. ... Shasta-Trinity National Forest is a nationally protected forest in northern California, USA. Categories: California-related stubs ... The Rogue River-Siskiyou National Forest is a United States National Forest located on both sides of the border between the states of Oregon and California. ... Klamath National Forest is a national forest located in northern California, USA, and is known for the large number of redwood trees it contains. ... Six Rivers National Forest is a U.S. National Forest located in the northwestern corner of California. ... The Mendocino National Forest straddles the eastern spur of the Coastal Mountain Range in northwestern California, just a three hour drive north of San Francisco and Sacramento. ...

Major Rivers & Game Fish Species

A male Chinook/King salmon specimen
A male Chinook/King salmon specimen

Major rivers include the Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1024x734, 141 KB)A Chum Salmon in the hands of a fisherman. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1024x734, 141 KB)A Chum Salmon in the hands of a fisherman. ...

The many mountains streams and rivers form a major spawning ground for several species of trout and salmon, yet recently, in the last 50 years, some of the fish stocks have fallen drastically, particularly salmon stocks. The ecoregion's rivers and streams are home to nine species of native salmonids. The depletions occur mainly as of the creation of dams, and excessive clear cut logging on the steep rugged slopes of the area, both contributing to large amounts of silt in the stream beds, which interferes especially with the salmon spawning as they need exposed gravel beds to lay their eggs in. Other notable fish species, besides king salmon & silver salmon, include steelhead, brown trout, rainbow trout, kokanee salmon, eastern brook trout, crappie, blue gill, catfish, large and smallmouth bass. The Eel River is a major river of the northern Pacific coast of California in the United States. ... The Van Duzen River is a river on the north coast of California. ... The Klamath River, approximately 250 mi (400 km) long, is a major river of the Pacific coast in southern Oregon and northern California in the United States. ... The Trinity River is the longest tributary of the Klamath River, approximately 130 mi (209 km) long, in northwestern California in the United States. ... The Mad River is a river in upper Northern California. ... Smith River The Smith River is a river on the Pacific coast of northern California in the United States, approximately 20 mi (32 km) long. ... The Salmon River is a river is Siskiyou County, California. ... Rogue River Gorge, Oregon The mouth of the Rogue River in the Pacific Ocean at Gold Beach, Oregon The Rogue River is located in southwest Oregon. ... The Scott River is a river in Siskiyou County, California. ... Deforestation, in general is the sustained removal of trees. ... Binomial name Oncorhynchus tshawytscha (Walbaum, 1792) The Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) - derived from the Greek words onkos (hook), rynchos (nose), is a species of Anadromous fish in the salmon family. ... Binomial name Oncorhynchus kisutch (Walbaum, 1792) The Coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch - from the Russian Kisutch - кижуч) is a species of anadromous fish in the salmon family. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Rainbow trout. ... Binomial name Salmo trutta Linnaeus, 1758 Morphs Salmo trutta morpha trutta Salmo trutta morpha fario Salmo trutta morpha lacustris The Brown Trout (Salmo trutta morpha fario and morpha lacustris) and the Sea Trout ( morpha trutta) are fish of the same species distinguished chiefly by the fact that the brown trout... Binomial name Oncorhynchus mykiss Walbaum, 1792 Native range of Rainbow trout Subspecies See text. ... Binomial name Oncorhynchus nerka (Walbaum, 1792) Sockeye Salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka), also called Red Salmon or Blueback Salmon, is an anadromous species of salmon found in the Pacific Ocean. ... Binomial name Salvelinus fontinalis (Mitchill, 1814) The brook trout (Salvelinus fontinalis) is a species of fish in the salmon family (family Salmonidae) of order Salmoniformes. ... Species - white crappie - black crappie Pomoxis [Rafinesque, 1818], is a genus of freshwater fish in the sunfish family (family Centrarchidae) of order Perciformes. ... Families Akysidae Amblycipitidae Amphiliidae Ariidae Aspredinidae Astroblepidae Auchenipteridae Bagridae Callichthyidae Cetopsidae Chacidae Clariidae Claroteidae Cranoglanididae Diplomystidae Doradidae Erethistidae Hypophthalmidae Ictaluridae Lacantuniidae Loricariidae Malapteruridae Mochokidae Nematogenyidae Pangasiidae Parakysidae Pimelodidae Plotosidae Schilbeidae Scoloplacidae Siluridae Sisoridae Trichomycteridae Catfish (order Siluriformes) are a diverse group of fish. ... Binomial name Micropterus salmoides The Largemouth bass (Micropterus salmoides) is a species of fish. ... Binomial name Micropterus dolomieu Lacépède, 1802 The smallmouth bass (Micropterus dolomieu) is a species of freshwater fish in the sunfish family (Centrarchidae) of order Perciformes. ...


Plentiful Wildlife

The vast forested wildlands, coupled with a low rate of human settlement in the rugged remote terrain, makes for excellent habitat for a number of species. Mammal species include mountain lions, black bears, bobcats, lynx, raccoons, martens, fishers, beavers, grey fox, red fox, northern flying squirrel, and plentiful deer. Bird species include golden eagles, bald eagles, pileated woodpecker, band-tailed pigeon, several hawks including goshawks, several large owl species including the spotted owl, plus an extensive variety of additional species both plant and animal. The area used to have grizzly bear, wolves, and Roosevelt elk. The latter two are being considered for reintroduction, especially the less controversial elk. Some of the most remote areas hear rumors of bigfoot/sasquatch sightings from time to time, and the legendary creatures play a part in the native folk tales of the Indian populationsand many nazy leaders hide there Image File history File links Download high resolution version (611x762, 47 KB) This image was copied from wikipedia:de. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (611x762, 47 KB) This image was copied from wikipedia:de. ... Binomial name Puma concolor (Linnaeus, 1771) Cougar range map Synonyms Felis concolor The cougar (Puma concolor), also known as the puma or mountain lion, is a New World mammal of the Felidae family. ... Binomial name Ursus americanus Pallas, 1780 For the Eurasian Black Bear, see Asiatic Black Bear. ... For other uses, see Bobcat (disambiguation). ... Type species Felis lynx Linnaeus, 1758 The overall range of Lynx species. ... For the animated television series see The Raccoons Binomial name Procyon lotor (Linnaeus, 1758) The Common Raccoon (Procyon lotor), often just called the Raccoon, is a mammal native to America. ... Species Martes americana Martes flavigula Martes foina Martes gwatkinsii Martes martes Martes melampus Martes pennanti Martes zibellina The Martens constitute genus Martes within the subfamily Mustelinae, in family Mustelidae. ... Binomial name Martes pennanti (Erxleben, 1777) The fisher, Martes pennanti, is a North American marten . ... Species C. canadensis C. fiber Beavers are semi-aquatic rodents native to North America and Europe. ... Gray Fox may also refer to a special forces unit of the United States; see Gray Fox. ... Binomial name Vulpes vulpes Linnaeus, 1758 Red Fox range Synonyms Vulpes fulva, Vulpes fulvus The Red Fox (Vulpes vulpes) is generally the most familiar of the foxes. ... Binomial name Glaucomys sabrinus (Shaw, 1801) The Northern Flying Squirrel (Glaucomys sabrinus) is one of two species of the genus Glaucomys, the only flying squirrels found in North America (the other is the somewhat smaller Southern Flying Squirrel, ). Flying squirrels are strictly nocturnal. ... Binomial name Aquila chrysaetos Linnaeus, 1758 The Golden Eagle (Aquila chrysaetos) is one of the best known birds of prey in the world. ... Binomial name Haliaeetus leucocephalus (Linnaeus, 1766) The Bald Eagle (Haliaeetus leucocephalus) is a raptor that is indigenous to North America, and is the national symbol of the United States of America. ... Binomial name Dryocopus pileatus (Linnaeus, 1758) The Pileated Woodpecker (Dryocopus pileatus) is a very large North American woodpecker. ... Binomial name Accipiter gentilis (Linnaeus, 1758) The Goshawk (Accipiter gentilis; from OE. góshafuc goose-hawk) is a medium large bird of prey in the family Accipitridae which also includes many other diurnal raptors such as eagles, buzzards and harriers. ... Families Strigidae Tytonidae Ogygoptyngidae (fossil) Palaeoglaucidae (fossil) Protostrigidae (fossil) Sophiornithidae (fossil) Synonyms Strigidae sensu Sibley & Ahlquist Owls are a group of birds of prey. ... Binomial name Strix occidentalis Xantus de Vesey, 1860 The Spotted Owl, Strix occidentalis, is a species of owl. ... Trinomial name Ursus arctos horribilis (Ord, 1815) Range map The grizzly bear, sometimes called the silvertip bear, is a powerful brownish-yellow bear that lives in the uplands of western North America. ... Binomial name Canis lupus Linnaeus, 1758 Wolf redirects here. ... Roosevelt Elk (cervus canadensis roosevelti) are also know as Olympic elk tend to live in the rain forests of the Pacific coast. ... Sasquatch can refer to different topics: A Sasquatch is another name for Bigfoot. ...

Wide variety of Trees & Plant Species

Calocedrus decurrens (California Incense-cedar)
Calocedrus decurrens (California Incense-cedar)

The Klamath-Siskiyou forests are a temperate coniferous forest ecoregion of northwestern California and southwestern Oregon. The ecoregion extends across 50,300 square kilometers (19,400 square miles) of the mountainous region known as the Klamath Knot. The ecoregion harbors rich biodiversity, with several distinct plant communities, including temperate rain forests, moist inland forests, oak forests and savannas, high elevation forests, and alpine grasslands. Thirty conifer species inhabit the region, including seven endemic species, making the region one of the richest coniferous forest regions of the world in species diversity. The region also has several edaphic plant communities, adapted to specific soil types, notably serpentine outcrops. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1224x1632, 815 KB)Photographed and uploaded by user:Geographer. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1224x1632, 815 KB)Photographed and uploaded by user:Geographer. ...


Conifer species include Coast Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii subsp. menziesii), Lawson's Cypress (also known as Port Orford Cedar, Chamaecyparis lawsoniana), Ponderosa Pine (Pinus ponderosa), Sugar Pine (Pinus lambertiana), Mountain Hemlock (Tsuga mertensiana), White Fir (Abies concolor subsp. lowiana), Red Fir (A. magnifica subsp. shastensis), Weeping Spruce (Picea breweriana), Coast Redwood (Sequoia sempervirens), Western Red Cedar (Thuja Plicata), and Pacific Yew (Taxus brevifolia). Binomial name Pseudotsuga menziesii (Mirb. ... Binomial name Chamaecyparis lawsoniana (A. Murray) Parl. ... Binomial name Chamaecyparis lawsoniana Lawsons Cypress (Chamaecyparis lawsoniana), is an evergreen coniferous tree in the genus Chamaecyparis, in the cypress family Cupressaceae. ... Binomial name Pinus ponderosa Douglas ex C. Lawson Ponderosa Pine (Pinus ponderosa) is a widespread and very variable pine native to western North America. ... Binomial name Pinus lambertiana Douglas The Sugar Pine (Pinus lambertiana; family Pinaceae) is a species of pine that occurs in the mountains of Oregon and California in the western United States, and Baja California in northwestern Mexico; specifically the Sierra Nevada, the Cascade Range, the Coast Ranges, and the Sierra... Binomial name Tsuga mertensiana (Bong. ... Binomial name Abies concolor (Gordon) Lindley ex Hildebrand White Fir (Abies concolor) is a fir native to the mountains of western North America, occurring at altitudes of 900-3,400 m. ... Binomial name Abies magnifica A.Murray The Red Fir (Abies magnifica) is a western North American fir, native to the mountains of southwest Oregon and California in the United States. ... Binomial name Picea breweriana S. Watson Brewers Spruce or Weeping Spruce (Picea breweriana) is a large evergreen coniferous tree growing to 20-40 m tall, exceptionally 54 m, and with a trunk diameter of up to 1. ... Binomial name Sequoia sempervirens (D. Don) Endl. ... Species Thuja plicata Western Redcedar, Thuja plicata, a species of thuja, is an evergreen coniferous tree in the cypress family Cupressaceae, native to the northwestern US and southwestern Canada, from southern Alaska and British Columbia south to northwest California and inland to western Montana. ... Binomial name Taxus brevifolia Nutt. ...


Typical species of the Trintiy Alps region include Douglas fir, ponderosa pine, red fir, white fir, black oak, canyon live oak, California madrone, bigleaf maple, California buckeye, incense cedar, and Jeffrey pine. California's northernmost stand of digger pine is found here along the South Fork of the Salmon River. Species See text Douglas-fir is the common name applied to coniferous trees of the genus Pseudotsuga in the family Pinaceae. ... Binomial name Quercus velutina Lamb. ... Binomial name Quercus chrysolepis Liebm. ... Binomial name Acer macrophyllum Pursh The Bigleaf Maple or Oregon Maple (Acer macrophyllum) is a large deciduous tree to 35 m tall. ... Species Calocedrus decurrens Conservation status: Secure Calocedrus formosana Conservation status: Vulnerable Calocedrus macrolepis Conservation status: Vulnerable The Incense-cedars, Calocedrus, are a genus of two to three species of coniferous trees in the cypress family Cupressaceae. ... Binomial name Pinus jeffreyi Balf. ...


References

    External links

    • pics from Mt Eddy [1]
    • link to trinity alps[2]
    • visitors guide to trinity county[3]
    • fishing site with several pics of the area[4]
    • fishing the trinities [5]

      Results from FactBites:
     
    CA10196 - Trinity Dam - California (908 words)
    The state of crustal stress in the Klamath Mountains is poorly defined, due to the near absence of recorded seismicity prior to 1983, when the USBR monitoring effort began (Zoback and Zoback, 1980; USBR, 1984a).
    Trinity Dam is located on the eastern Klamath plate, the oldest and easternmost of four eastward-dipping thrust sheets that comprise the Klamath Mountains province.
    Rocks of the eastern Klamath plate are Devonian to Jurassic metavolcanic and metasedimentary rocks that are underlain by widespread sheets of ultramafic rocks, and have been intruded by Jurassic to Cretaceous granitic stocks and batholiths.
    Klamath Mountains - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (172 words)
    The Klamath Mountains are a mountain range in northwest California and southwest Oregon, the highest peaks being Mount Eddy (2744m / 9002') in Trinity County, California, and Mount Ashland (2296m / 7533') in Jackson County, Oregon.
    They have a very varied geology, with substantial areas of serpentine and marble, and a climate characterised by cold winters with very heavy snowfall, and warm summers with limited rainfall.
    The northernmost range of the Klamath Mountains are known as the Siskiyou Mountains.
      More results at FactBites »

     
     

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