FACTOID # 25: If you're tired of sitting in traffic on your way to work, move to North Dakota.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Klamath Basin National Wildlife Refuges Complex
Klamath Basin National Wildlife Refuges Complex
IUCN Category IV (Habitat/Species Management Area)
Location Oregon and California, USA
Nearest city Klamath Falls, OR
Coordinates 41°56′48″N 121°33′54″W / 41.94667, -121.565
Area 192,000 acres (778 km²)
Established 1908
Governing body United States Fish and Wildlife Service

The Klamath Basin National Wildlife Refuges Complex is a wildlife preserve operated by the United States Fish and Wildlife Service located in the Klamath Basin of southern Oregon and northern California near Klamath Falls, Oregon. It consists of Bear Valley, Klamath Marsh and Upper Klamath National Wildlife Refuges (NWR) in southern Oregon and Lower Klamath, Tule Lake, and Clear Lake NWR in northern California. The World Conservation Union or International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) is an international organization dedicated to natural resource conservation. ... Image File history File links Red_pog. ... Image File history File links US_Locator_Blank. ... Official language(s) (none)[1] Capital Salem Largest city Portland Area  Ranked 9th  - Total 98,466 sq mi (255,026 km²)  - Width 260 miles (420 km)  - Length 360 miles (580 km)  - % water 2. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Largest metro area Greater Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... Klamath Falls, is a city in Klamath County, Oregon, United States. ... The USFWS logo The United States Fish and Wildlife Service is a unit of the United States Department of the Interior that is dedicated to managing and preserving wildlife. ... The USFWS logo The United States Fish and Wildlife Service is a unit of the United States Department of the Interior that is dedicated to managing and preserving wildlife. ... Klamath Basin The Klamath Basin is the region in the U.S. states of Oregon and California drained by the Klamath River. ... Official language(s) (none)[1] Capital Salem Largest city Portland Area  Ranked 9th  - Total 98,466 sq mi (255,026 km²)  - Width 260 miles (420 km)  - Length 360 miles (580 km)  - % water 2. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Largest metro area Greater Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... Klamath Falls, is a city in Klamath County, Oregon, United States. ... Official language(s) (none)[1] Capital Salem Largest city Portland Area  Ranked 9th  - Total 98,466 sq mi (255,026 km²)  - Width 260 miles (420 km)  - Length 360 miles (580 km)  - % water 2. ... The Lower Klamath National Wildlife Refuge (NWR) is a wildlife preserve operated by the United States Fish and Wildlife Service located in the Klamath Basin along a portion of the southern Oregon and northern California border near Klamath Falls, Oregon. ... The Tule Lake National Wildlife Refuge is a wildlife preserve operated by the United States Fish and Wildlife Service located in the Klamath Basin in northern California near the Oregon border south of Klamath Falls, Oregon. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Largest metro area Greater Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ...

-
Ponderosa Pine, Klamath Marsh
Ponderosa Pine, Klamath Marsh
  • Lower Klamath NWR, established in 1908, was the first waterfowl refuge in the United States. Consisting of 46,900 acre (190 km²), it includes shallow freshwater marshes, open water, grassy uplands, and croplands that are intensively managed to provide feeding, resting, nesting, and brood rearing habitat for waterfowl and other water birds.
  • Clear Lake NWR, established in 1911, has an area of 46,460 acres (188 km²). About 20,000 acres (81 km²) is open water. The balance is the surrounding upland habitat of bunchgrass, low sagebrush, and juniper.
  • Upper Klamath NWR, established in 1928, is comprised of 15,000 acres (61 km²) of mostly freshwater marsh and open water.
  • Tule Lake NWR, established in 1928, encompasses 39,116 acres (158 km²) of mostly open water and croplands.
  • Klamath Marsh NWR, established in 1958, consists of 40,646 acres (164 km²) of freshwater marsh and adjacent meadows.
  • Bear Valley NWR, established in 1978, protects a vital night roost site for wintering bald eagles. It consists of 4,200 acres (17 km²) of largely old growth Ponderosa Pine, Incense-cedar, White Fir and Douglas-fir forest.

Historically, the Klamath Basin was dominated by approximately 185,000 acres (749 km²) of shallow lakes and freshwater marshes. these extensive wetlands attracted peak fall concentrations of over 6 million waterfowl and supported abundant populations of other water birds including American White Pelican, Double Crested Cormorant, and several Heron species. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1140 × 1520 pixel, file size: 639 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Pinus ponderosa Description: North Plateau Ponderosa Pine, Pinus ponderosa subsp. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1140 × 1520 pixel, file size: 639 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Pinus ponderosa Description: North Plateau Ponderosa Pine, Pinus ponderosa subsp. ... Freshwater marsh in Florida In geography, a marsh is a type of wetland, featuring grasses, rushes, reeds, typhas, sedges, cat tails, and other herbaceous plants (possibly with low-growing woody plants) in a context of shallow water. ... Binomial name Pinus ponderosa Douglas ex C. Lawson Ponderosa Pine (Pinus ponderosa) is a widespread and very variable pine native to western North America. ... Species Calocedrus decurrens Conservation status: Secure Calocedrus formosana Conservation status: Vulnerable Calocedrus macrolepis Conservation status: Vulnerable Calocedrus is a genus of two to three species of coniferous trees in the cypress family Cupressaceae; the common name is Incense-cedar. ... Binomial name Abies concolor (Gordon) Lindley ex Hildebrand White Fir (Abies concolor) is a fir native to the mountains of western North America, occurring at altitudes of 900-3,400 m. ... Species See text. ... Klamath Basin The Klamath Basin is the region in the U.S. states of Oregon and California drained by the Klamath River. ... Binomial name Pelecanus erythrorhynchos Gmelin, 1789 The American White Pelican (Pelecanus erythrorhynchos) is a very large (50–70) white bird with black wing tips and an enormous orange bill. ... For other uses, see Cormorant (disambiguation). ... Genera See text. ...


In 1905, the U.S. Bureau of Reclamation initiated the Klamath Reclamation Project to convert the lakes and marshes of the Lower Klamath Lake and Tule Lake areas to agricultural lands. As these wetlands receded, the reclaimed lands were opened to agricultural development and settlement. Today, less than 25% of the historic wetlands remain. The Klamath Reclamation Project or Klamath Project was developed by the United States Bureau of Reclamation to supply farmers with irrigation water and farmland in the Klamath Basin. ... Lower Klamath Lake is a lake in Siskiyou County, California, that currently serves to hold overflow water for irrigation. ... Tule Lake was an internment camp in northern California used in the Japanese-American internment during World War II. It was one of the largest and most notorious of the camps, and did not close until after the war, in 1946. ...


To conserve much of the Basin's remaining wetland habitat, the six National Wildlife Refuges have been established. The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service manages these Refuges to enhance wildlife and benefit the American people. Agricultural and water programs are coordinated under an agreement between the Fish and Wildlife Service and the Bureau of Reclamation. The USFWS logo The United States Fish and Wildlife Service is a unit of the United States Department of the Interior that is dedicated to managing and preserving wildlife. ...


Klamath Basin Refuges consist of a variety of habitats including freshwater marshes, open water, grassy meadows, coniferous forests, sagebrush and juniper grasslands, agricultural lands, and rocky cliffs and slopes. These habitats support diverse and abundant populations of resident and migratory wildlife with 433 species having been observed on or near the Refuges. In addition, each year the Refuges serve as a migratory stopover for about three-quarters of the Pacific Flyway waterfowl, with peak fall concentrations of over 1 million birds.


Units include

The Lower Klamath National Wildlife Refuge (NWR) is a wildlife preserve operated by the United States Fish and Wildlife Service located in the Klamath Basin along a portion of the southern Oregon and northern California border near Klamath Falls, Oregon. ... The Tule Lake National Wildlife Refuge is a wildlife preserve operated by the United States Fish and Wildlife Service located in the Klamath Basin in northern California near the Oregon border south of Klamath Falls, Oregon. ...

See also

This is a list of some 300 of the National Wildlife Refuges in the United States. ...

External links

  • Klamath Basin National Refuges Complex website
  • Klamath Waters Digital Library
Canoe trail, Upper Klamath Lake
Canoe trail, Upper Klamath Lake

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m