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Encyclopedia > Kittery
Location of town of Kittery in state of Maine
Location of town of Kittery in state of Maine

Kittery is a town located in York County, Maine. As of the 2000 census, the town had a total population of 9,543. It is home to the Portsmouth Naval Shipyard. Kittery Point is the seaside district of Kittery. Image File history File links Map_of_Maine_highlighting_Kittery. ... Image File history File links Map_of_Maine_highlighting_Kittery. ... York County is a county located in the state of Maine. ... Portsmouth Naval Shipyard The Portsmouth Naval Shipyard (PNS), often called the Portsmouth Navy Yard, is a United States Navy shipyard for building, remodeling, and repairing the Navys ships. ... Kittery Point is a census-designated place located in York County, Maine. ...

Contents


History

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Whaleback Light in c. 1920

Settled about 1623, Kittery was incorporated in 1647, and today bills itself as "the oldest incorporated town in Maine." It was named after the birthplace of a founder, Alexander Shapleigh, from the manor of "Kittery Court" at Kingswear in Devon, England. Shapleigh arrived in 1635 aboard the ship "Benediction," which he co-owned with another prominent settler, Captain Francis Champernowne. Together with the Pepperrell family, they established fisheries offshore at the Isles of Shoals, where fish were caught, salted and exported back to Europe. Other pioneers were hunters, trappers and workers of the region's abundant timber. Kittery's original land area extended from the Atlantic Ocean inland up the Salmon Falls River, including the present-day towns of Eliot, Berwick, South Berwick and North Berwick. 1920 (MCMXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar) // Events January January 7 - Forces of Russian White admiral Kolchak surrender in Krasnoyarsk. ... Events August 6 - Pope Urban VIII is elected to the Papacy. ... // Events March 14 - Thirty Years War: Bavaria, Cologne, France and Sweden sign the Truce of Ulm. ... Kingswear is a village in the South Hams area of South Devon, residing on the east bank of the River Dart. ... This page is about the English county, for alternative meanings see Devon (disambiguation). ... Events February 10 - The Académie française in Paris is expanded to become a national academy for the artistic elite. ... A fishery (plural: fisheries) is an organized effort by humans to catch fish or other aquatic species, an activity known as fishing. ... Celia Thaxters Garden, Isles of Shoals, Maine, 1890, by Childe Hassam The Isles of Shoals are a group of nine small islands situated approximately 16 km (10 miles) off the east coast of the USA, straddling the border of the states of New Hampshire and Maine. ... Europe is conventionally considered one of the seven continents of Earth which, in this case, is more a cultural and political distinction than a physiographic one, leading to various perspectives about Europes borders. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Lumber. ... The Salmon Falls River is a tributary of the Piscataqua River, in the U.S. states of Maine and New Hampshire. ... Eliot is a town located in York County, Maine. ... Berwick is a town located in York County, Maine. ... South Berwick is a town located in York County, Maine. ... North Berwick is a town located in York County, Maine. ...


Located at the mouth of the Piscataqua River, Kittery developed into a center for trade and shipbuilding. After the death of Sir Ferdinando Gorges, Lord Proprietor of Maine, the province in 1652 became part of Massachusetts. In 1663, John Josselyn would write: "Towns there are, are not many in this province. Kittery, situated not far from Passacataway, is the most populous." During the Revolution, the first vessels of the U.S. Navy were constructed on Badger's Island, including the 1777 Ranger commanded by John Paul Jones. The Portsmouth Naval Shipyard, the nation's first, was established on Seavey's Island in 1800 by President Thomas Jefferson. Still in operation, it is connected to the mainland by two bridges. The facility rebuilt the Constitution, known as "Old Ironsides," and built the noted Civil War sloop-of-war Kearsarge. The first nuclear submarine was built here, although after 1971 the yard would repair rather than construct submarines. The Piscataqua River seen from downtown Portsmouth, New Hampshire The Piscataqua River, in the northeastern United States, is a 12 mi (19 km) long tidal estuary formed by the confluence of the Salmon Falls and Cocheco rivers. ... A fruit stand at a market. ... Men from Francisco de Orellanas expedition building a small brigantine, the San Pedro, to be used in the search for food Shipbuilding is the construction of ships. ... Sir Ferdinando Gorges (1565-1647) was an early English colonial entrepreneur in North America and founder of the Province of Maine in 1622. ... // Events April 6 - Dutch sailor Jan van Riebeeck establishes a resupply camp for the Dutch East India Company at the Cape of Good Hope, and founded Cape Town. ... Official language(s) English Capital Boston Largest city Boston Area  Ranked 44th  - Total 10,555 sq. ... // Events Prix de Rome scholarship established for students of the arts. ... Combatants American Revolutionaries, France, Netherlands, Spain, Native Americans Great Britain, German mercenaries, Loyalists, Native Americans Commanders George Washington, Comte de Rochambeau, Nathanael Greene William Howe, Henry Clinton, Charles Cornwallis (more commanders) The American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), also known as the American War of Independence,[1] was a conflict that... The United States Navy (USN) is the branch of the United States armed forces responsible for naval operations. ... 1777 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... The first USS Ranger was a sloop-of-war in the Continental Navy and received the first official salute at sea by a foreign power. ... John Paul Jones John Paul Jones (July 6, 1747–July 18, 1792) was Americas first well-known naval hero in the American Revolutionary War. ... 1800 (MDCCC) was an common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Thomas Jefferson (April 13, 1743 N.S. – July 4, 1826) was the third President of the United States (1801–1809), principal author of the Declaration of Independence (1776), and one of the most influential Founding Fathers of the United States. ... Combatants Union (remaining U.S. states) Confederate States of America Commanders Abraham Lincoln† Ulysses S. Grant Jefferson Davis Robert E. Lee Strength 2,200,000 1,064,000 Casualties KIA: 110,000 Total dead: 360,000 Wounded: 275,200 KIA: 94,000 Total dead: 258,000 Wounded: 137,000+  The... USS Constellation, a United States Navy sloop-of-war. ... Painting depicting the sinking of the CSS Alabama by the USS Kearsarge during the Civil War USS Kearsarge, a Mohican-class sloop-of-war, was the only ship of the United States Navy named for Mount Kearsarge in New Hampshire (subsequent ships were named Kearsarge in honor of this one... USS Los Angeles A submarine is a specialized watercraft that can operate underwater. ... 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1971 calendar). ... German UC-1 class World War I submarine A model of Gunter Priens Unterseeboot 47 (U-47), German WWII Type VII diesel-electric hunter-killer (SSK) submarine USS Virginia, a Virginia-class nuclear attack (SSN) submarine A submarine is a specialized watercraft that can operate underwater. ...


Kittery has some fine early architecture, including the Sir William Pepperrell House, built in 1733, and the Lady Pepperrell House, built in 1760. The community is home to Seapoint Beach and Fort Foster Park, which was originally a harbor defense. Along U.S. Route 1, the town has developed factory outlet shopping, very popular with tourists. In 1996, the movie Thinner, based on the 1984 Stephen King novel Thinner, was filmed in Kittery. The Parthenon on top of the Acropolis, Athens, Greece Architecture (from Latin, architectura and ultimately from Greek, αρχιτεκτων, a master builder, from αρχι- chief, leader and τεκτων, builder, carpenter) is the art and science of designing buildings and structures. ... Events February 12 - British colonist James Oglethorpe founds Savannah, Georgia. ... 1760 was a leap year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... MAJOR JUNCTIONS JUNCTION MILEPOST Legend BROWSE STATE HWYS {{{browse}}} United States Highway 1 is a United States highway which parallels the east coast of the United States. ... 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ... Thinner is a 1996 horror film directed by Tom Holland and written by Stephen King (novel), Michael McDowell and Tom Holland (screenplay). ... 1984 (MCMLXXXIV) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Stephen Edwin King (born September 21, 1947) is an American author best known for his enormously popular horror novels. ... Thinner is a 1984 novel by Stephen King about an obese lawyer who experiences a dramatic and ultimately dangerous weight loss as a result of a Gypsys curse. ...

Sir William Pepperrell House in c. 1905, now a private home
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Sir William Pepperrell House in c. 1905, now a private home

Notable Inhabitants: 1905 (MCMV) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ...

Historic Sites & Museums: William Dean Howells (March 1, 1837 – May 11, 1920) was an American realist author. ... Sir William Pepperrell, 1746, by John Smybert Sir William Pepperrell, 1st Baronet (June 27, 1696 – July 6, 1759) was a British settler and soldier in Colonial Massachusetts. ... Please stop adding nonsense to Wikipedia. ... A declaration of independence is a proclamation of the independence of an aspiring state or states. ...

The renovated blockhouse of Fort McClary, dating from 1844, which now serves as a museum. ...

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 54.4 km² (21.0 mi²). 46.2 km² (17.8 mi²) of it is land and 8.2 km² (3.2 mi²) of it is water. The total area is 15.14% water. Kittery is drained by Spruce Creek and the Piscataqua River. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... A square mile is an Imperial unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (5,280 feet, 1,760 yards, 1,609. ...


Demographics

This article describes the town of Kittery as a whole. Additional demographic detail is available which describes only the densely-populated central settlement or village within the town, although that detail is included in the aggregate values reported here. See: Kittery (CDP), Maine. Kittery is a census-designated place located in York County, Maine. ...

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Old Badger House in 1912, Badger's Island

As of the census2 of 2000, there were 9,543 people, 4,078 households, and 2,528 families residing in the town. The population density was 206.8/km² (535.5/mi²). There were 4,375 housing units at an average density of 94.8/km² (245.5/mi²). The racial makeup of the town was 95.98% White, 1.78% Black or African American, 0.18% Native American, 0.65% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.45% from other races, and 0.94% from two or more races. 1.50% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 1912 (MCMXII) was a leap year starting on Monday in the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday in the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... 1870 US Census for New York City A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). ... The following is a list of sources used in the creation of encyclopedia articles on various geographic topics and locations, such as cities, counties, states, and countries. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ...


There were 4,078 households out of which 27.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.1% were married couples living together, 8.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.0% were non-families. 29.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 2.86. Marriage is a relationship between individuals which generally forms the foundation of a family. ...

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Fraternal Building in c. 1920

In the town the population was spread out with 21.9% under the age of 18, 7.4% from 18 to 24, 30.7% from 25 to 44, 24.8% from 45 to 64, and 15.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 94.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.1 males. 1920 (MCMXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar) // Events January January 7 - Forces of Russian White admiral Kolchak surrender in Krasnoyarsk. ...


The median income for a household in the town was $45,822, and the median income for a family was $53,343. Males had a median income of $37,096 versus $29,850 for females. The per capita income for the town was $24,153. 7.6% of the population and 5.7% of families were below the poverty line. 11.9% of those under the age of 18 and 6.6% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


External links

  • Town of Kittery, Maine Official Website
    • Maine outlet shopping on wikitravel.org
    • Rice Public Library
Flag of Maine The State of Maine
 Capital  Augusta
 Regions 

Down East · Maine Atlantic Coast · Maine Highlands · North Woods · Western Maine Mountains Image File history File links Flag_of_Maine. ... A state of the United States (a U.S. state) is any one of the fifty states (four of which officially favor the term commonwealth) which, along with the District of Columbia, form the United States of America. ... Official language(s) None Capital Augusta Largest city Portland Area  - Total   - Width   - Length    - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 39th 33,414 sq mi  86,542 km² 190 miles  305 km 320 miles  515 km 13. ... This is a list of United States state capitals: Trivia - Jefferson City (Missouri) has the longest name of the U.S. state capitals - Only two of the U.S. state capitals are named for their state: Oklahoma City, Oklahoma and Indianapolis, Indiana retard See also List of current and former... Nickname: Motto: Official website: www. ... This list of regions of the United States includes official (governmental) and non-official areas within the borders of the United States, not including U.S. states, the federal district of Washington, D.C. or standard subentities such as cities or counties. ... Down East is a New England geographical term that is applied in at least a couple of different ways. ... State nickname: The Pine Tree State Other U.S. States Capital Augusta Largest city Portland Governor John Baldacci Official languages None Area 86,542 km² (39th)  - Land 80,005 km²  - Water 11,724 km² (13. ... The Maine Highlands is a centrally located region that constitutes a large portion of the state of Maine. ... The Maine North Woods is the northern geographic area of the state of Maine. ... The Western Maine Mountains region spans along most of the Maines western border with New Hampshire. ...

 Counties 

Androscoggin · Aroostook · Cumberland · Franklin · Hancock · Kennebec ·Knox · Lincoln · Oxford · Penobscot · Piscataquis · Sagadahoc · Somerset · Waldo · Washington · York List of Maine counties: Maine counties Androscoggin County: formed in 1854 from parts of Cumberland County, Kennebec County, Lincoln County, and Oxford County. ... Androscoggin County is a county located in the state of Maine. ... Aroostook County is a county located in the U.S. state of Maine. ... Cumberland County is a county located in the state of Maine. ... Franklin County is a county located in the state of Maine. ... Hancock County is a county located in the state of Maine. ... Kennebec County is a county located in the state of Maine. ... Knox County is a county located in the state of Maine. ... Lincoln County is a county located in the state of Maine. ... Location in the state of Maine Formed 1805 Seat South Paris Area  - Total  - Water 5,634 km² (2,175 mi²) 252 km² (97 mi²) 4. ... Penobscot County is a county located in the state of Maine. ... Piscataquis County is a county located in the U.S. state of Maine. ... Sagadahoc County is a county located in the state of Maine. ... Somerset County is a county located in the U.S. state of Maine. ... Waldo County is a county located in the state of Maine. ... Washington County is a county located in the U.S. state of Maine. ... York County is a county located in the state of Maine. ...

 Largest cities 

Auburn · Augusta · Bangor · Bath · Belfast · Biddeford · Brewer · Caribou · Ellsworth · Houlton · Kittery · Lewiston · Millinocket · Old Orchard Beach · Old Town · Orono · Portland · Presque Isle · Rockland · Rumford · Saco · Sanford · South Portland · Topsham · Waterville · Westbrook List of cities in Maine, arranged in alphabetical order. ... Nickname: Motto: Official website: www. ... Nickname: Motto: Official website: www. ... This article is about the Maine, USA city of Bangor. ... View uphill towards City Hall in Bath Bath is a city located in Sagadahoc County, Maine. ... Seal of Belfast, ME Belfast is a city located in Waldo County, Maine. ... City Hall in 2005 Biddeford is a city located in York County, Maine, United States. ... Brewer is a city located in Penobscot County, Maine. ... Trucks outside a starch factory in Caribou, Aroostook County, Maine, October 1940 Location of city of Caribou in state of Maine Caribou is a city located in Aroostook County, Maine. ... Ellsworth is a city located in Hancock County, Maine. ... Location of town of Houlton in state of Maine Houlton is a town in Aroostook County, Maine, on the United States-Canada border, located at . ... Official website: ci. ... Millinocket is a mill town in Penobscot County, Maine, USA. As of the 2000 census, the town had a total population of 5,203. ... Pier at Old Orchard Beach Old Orchard Beach is a census-designated place located in York County, Maine. ... Main Street in Old Town Old Town is a city located in Penobscot County, Maine. ... Orono is a town located in Penobscot County, Maine. ... Official website: www. ... Presque Isle is a city located in Aroostook County, Maine. ... Seal of Rockland, ME Rockland is a city located in Knox County, Maine. ... Paper mill along the river in Rumford Rumford is a town located in Oxford County, Maine. ... Location of city of Saco in Maine Saco is a city located in York County, Maine. ... Sanford is a census-designated place located in York County, Maine. ... Seal of South Portland South Portland is a city located in Cumberland County, Maine. ... Topsham is a town located in Sagadahoc County, Maine. ... Location of city of Waterville in map of Maine Waterville is a city located in Kennebec County, Maine on the Kennebec River. ... Westbrook is a city located in Cumberland County, Maine. ...

Seal of Maine  Culture   Geography   Government   History   Images 

  Results from FactBites:
 
Kittery, Maine - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (763 words)
Kittery Point is the seaside district of Kittery.
Kittery, situated not far from Passacataway, is the most populous." During the Revolution, the first vessels of the U.S. Navy were constructed on Badger's Island, including the 1777 Ranger commanded by John Paul Jones.
Kittery is drained by Spruce Creek and the Piscataqua River.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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