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Encyclopedia > Kitchener, Ontario

Coordinates: 43°27′N 80°29′W / 43.45, -80.483 Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

Kitchener, Ontario
Motto: Ex industria prosperitas (Latin: "Prosperity through industry")
Location of Kitchener in the Waterloo Region
Coordinates: 43°27′N 80°29′W / 43.45, -80.483
Country Canada
Province Ontario
Founded 1833
Incorporated as City 1912
Government
 - Mayor Carl Zehr
Area
 - City 136.89 km²  (52.9 sq mi)
 - Land 136.89 km² (52.9 sq mi)
Population (2006)
 - City 204,668 (Ranked 21st)
 - Metro 451,235
  source: Statistics Canada
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Website: http://www.kitchener.ca/

The City of Kitchener (IPA [ˈkɪ.tʃə.nɝ]) is a city in southwestern Ontario, Canada. It was the Town of Berlin from 1854 until 1912 and the City of Berlin from 1912 until 1916. The current population is 214,000. The metropolitan area, which includes the neighbouring cities of Waterloo and Cambridge, has 451,235 people, making it the eleventh largest Census Metropolitan Area (CMA) in Canada and the fifth largest CMA in Ontario.[1] It is the seat of the Waterloo Regional Municipality, and is adjacent to the smaller cities of Cambridge to the south, and Waterloo to the north. Kitchener and Waterloo are often referred to jointly as "the twin cities" or "Kitchener-Waterloo" (K-W), although they have separate municipal governments. Including Cambridge, the three cities are known as "the tri-cities". For other uses, see Motto (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Latin (disambiguation). ... Kitchener, Ontario File links The following pages link to this file: Kitchener, Ontario Categories: GFDL images ... Map of Ontario with Waterloo Regional Municipality in red The Regional Municipality of Waterloo (or Waterloo Region or Region of Waterloo) is located in Western Ontario. ... This is an alphabetical list of the sovereign states of the world, including both de jure and de facto independent states. ... Regions Political culture Foreign relations Other countriesAtlas  Politics Portal      Canada is a federation which consists of ten provinces that, with three territories, make up the worlds second largest country in total area. ... Motto: Ut Incepit Fidelis Sic Permanet (Latin: Loyal she began, loyal she remains) Capital Toronto Largest city Toronto Official languages English (de facto) Government - Lieutenant-Governor David C. Onley - Premier Dalton McGuinty (Liberal) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 106 - Senate seats 24 Confederation July 1, 1867 (1st) Area... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... To help compare different orders of magnitude and geographical regions, we list here areas between 100 km² and 1000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... The table below lists the 100 largest municipalities in Canada by population, using data from the Canada 2006 census for census subdivisions. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Statistics Canada (French: Statistique Canada) is the Canadian federal government department commissioned with producing statistics to help better understand Canada, its population, resources, economy, society, and culture. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... Metronome, a public art installation showing the time in New York City The Eastern Time Zone (ET) of the Western Hemisphere falls mostly along the east coast of Northern America and the west coast of South America. ... -12 | -11 | -10 | -9:30 | -9 | -8 | -7 | -6 | -5 | -4 | -3:30 | -3 | -2:30 | -2 | -1 | -0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Though DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... Eastern Daylight Time or EDT is equal to: In North America, Eastern Standard Time + 1, or UTC − 4 hours. ... −12 | −11 | −10 | −9:30 | −9 | −8 | −7 | −6 | −5 | −4 | −3:30 | −3 | −2:30 | −2 | −1 | −0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... IPA may refer to: The International Phonetic Alphabet or India Pale Ale ... Look up city, City in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Motto: Ut Incepit Fidelis Sic Permanet (Latin: Loyal she began, loyal she remains) Capital Toronto Largest city Toronto Official languages English (de facto) Government - Lieutenant-Governor David C. Onley - Premier Dalton McGuinty (Liberal) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 106 - Senate seats 24 Confederation July 1, 1867 (1st) Area... A census metropolitan area, or CMA is a Canadian census subdivision comprising a large urban area (known as the urban core) and adjacent areas (known as urban and rural fringes) that have a high degree of social and economic integration with the urban core. ... The Regional Municipality of Waterloo (or Waterloo Region or Region of Waterloo) is located in the Canadian province of Ontario. ... For the electoral district, see Cambridge (electoral district). ... , Waterloo, Ontario, Canada is the smallest of the three cities in the Regional Municipality of Waterloo, and is adjacent to the larger city of Kitchener. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Kitchener-Waterloo (K-W) is an unofficial but ubiquitous name for the area in Ontario, Canada consisting of the twin cities of Kitchener and Waterloo, approximately 100 kilometres west of Toronto. ...


The City of Kitchener covers an area of 136.86 square kilometres. In 2004, the city celebrated its 150th anniversary.

Contents

Geography

Kitchener is located in Southwestern Ontario, in the Saint Lawrence Lowlands. [2] This geological and climatic region has wet-climate soils and deciduous forests. Southwestern Ontario is a region of the Canadian province of Ontario, centred on the city of London. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Within this part of Ontario, Kitchener is the largest city situated within the Grand River watershed. Just to the west of the city is Baden Hill, in Wilmot Township. This glacial kame remnant formation is the highest elevation for many many miles around. The other dominant glacial feature is the Waterloo Moraine, which snakes its way through the region and holds a significant quantity of artesian wells, from which the city derives its drinking water. The settlement's first name, Sandhills, is an accurate description of the higher points of the moraine. Grand River Ontario This article is about the Grand River in Southern Ontario, Canada. ... Baden Hill is a man-made hill near Baden, Ontario. ... Categories: Canada geography stubs | Ontario communities ... A kame among the glacial drift on the terminal morraine of the Okanagon Lobe of the Cordilerion Glacier on the Waterville Plateau of the Columbia Plateau in Washington, United States. ... The Waterloo Moraine is a geophysical landform in the Regional Municipality of Waterloo, in Ontario, Canada. ... Geological strata giving rise to an Artesian well An artesian aquifer is an aquifer whose water is overpressurized. ...


History

In 1784, the land that Kitchener was built upon was an area given to the Six Nations by the British as a gift for their allegiance during the American Revolution; 240,000 hectares of land to be exact. From 1796 and 1798, the Six Nations sold 38,000 hectares of this land to a Loyalist by the name of Colonel Richard Beasley. The portion of land that Beasley had purchased was remote but it was of great interest to German Mennonite farming families from Pennsylvania. They wanted to live in an area that would allow them to practice their beliefs without persecution. Eventually, the Mennonites purchased all of Beasley’s unsold land creating many. By 1800, the first buildings were built [3]. The term Six Nations can refer to: The six nations of the Iroquois Confederacy, a union of Native American/First Nations tribes. ... John Trumbulls Declaration of Independence, showing the five-man committee in charge of drafting the Declaration in 1776 as it presents its work to the Second Continental Congress in Philadelphia The American Revolution refers to the period during the last half of the 18th century in which the Thirteen... This article does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Archbishop of Canterbury Patriarch of Constantinople Christianity Portal This box:      The Mennonites are a group of... Capital Harrisburg Largest city Philadelphia Area  Ranked 33rd  - Total 46,055 sq mi (119,283 km²)  - Width 280 miles (455 km)  - Length 160 miles (255 km)  - % water 2. ...


One of the Mennonite families was the Schneiders, whose restored 1816 home is now a museum located in the heart of Kitchener [4].


The originally large German population was the reason for the settlement being named Berlin. However, when the First World War began it became important for the citizens to separate themselves from Canada’s opponents. In 1916, Berlin changed its name to Kitchener; named after Field Marshal Horatio Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener [5]. Ypres, 1917, in the vicinity of the Battle of Passchendaele. ... Through the latter half of the 19th century and into the first decade of the 20th, the City of Berlin, Ontario was a bustling industrial centre celebrating its German heritage (see Kitchener, Ontario). ... The Earl Kitchener Field Marshal Horatio Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener, KG, KP, GCB, OM, GCSI, GCMG, GCIE, ADC, PC (24 June 1850 – 5 June 1916) was an Irish-born British Field Marshal, diplomat and statesman popularly referred to as Lord Kitchener. ...


On September 17, 1981, the first ever "blue box" recycling program was launched in Kitchener. Today, more than 90% of Ontario households have access to recycling programs and annually they divert more than 650,000 tonnes of secondary resource materials. The blue box program has expanded in various forms throughout Canada and to countries around the world such as the United States, United Kingdom, France and Australia, serving more than 40 million households around the world. is the 260th day of the year (261st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays the 1981 Gregorian calendar). ... This article needs additional references or sources to facilitate its verification. ... Blue Box container is a rigid plastic container used to hold receylcable materials. ...


Economy

Downtown Kitchener
Downtown Kitchener

While Waterloo has benefited from the presence of two universities and a number of high tech companies, Kitchener has been a more blue-collar town. The auto-parts manufacturer Budd Canada continues to employ over 1500 workers. The Huron Business Park is also the site of a number of industries, from seat manufacturers to furniture components. A number of the old industrial companies of Kitchener have fallen on harder times: the Kaufmann shoe manufacturer has closed its factory, Schneider Foods (a meat producer) has been bought out and operations scaled back, and companies like Electrohome have ceased local production in favour of licensing or supply agreements with overseas makers. Still, occupations unique to manufacturing, processing and utilities cover as much as 15% of the local workforce. Image File history File linksMetadata From_Victoria_Park. ... Image File history File linksMetadata From_Victoria_Park. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Central business district. ... , Waterloo, Ontario, Canada is the smallest of the three cities in the Regional Municipality of Waterloo, and is adjacent to the larger city of Kitchener. ... Budd logo A rear view of Santa Fes El Capitan and its Budd-built observation car as it approaches the Raton Tunnel (Colorado side) on June 26, 1938. ... Electrohome is perhaps best known as one of Canadas largest manufacturers of television sets in its heyday between 1949 and 1984, and continues to be a popular brand in the Canadian market. ...


Kitchener's downtown core, though improved in recent years, had experienced urban decay, thanks largely to the decline of industrial jobs in the city and the growth of its suburbs. Things worsened when urban renewal plans in the 1960s cost the city its neo-classical city hall and did not achieve its goals of redevelopment. In the late 1990s, an arsonist began destroying abandoned and underused buildings in Kitchener's downtown, the issue of downtown renewal and cleanup of the adjoining Victoria Park neighbourhood came to the fore in municipal elections and has been the focus of city council for the past ten years. Achievements during this period include selling off a dying mall and converting it to office space for Manulife Financial, a major insurance firm, relocating a theatre downtown, converting the old Goudies department store to a Children's Museum, and converting vacant industrial space into residential units. Urban decay and renewal in Cincinnati Urban decay is the popular term for both the physical and social degeneration of cities and large towns. ... Manulife Financial (TSX: MFC NYSE: MFC SEHK: 945 PSE: MFC)is a Canadian insurance company. ...


The city now boasts a new city hall, and a new farmer's market opened in 2004. Other projects include an assortment of lofts, utilizing old factories. Various plans for 20 floor condo units have been put in place. And although Waterloo is home to many insurance companies, two universities, and high-tech industries, Kitchener is hoping to increase demand for office space by building office towers and inviting companies from around the golden triangle to move in. The City Hall of Kitchener, Ontario, Canada, has gone through many iterations through the 20th century, culminating in the current building, opened in 1993. ...


The groundbreaking ceremony for the University of Waterloo school of pharmacy and downtown health sciences campus was officially held on March 15, 2006. The building will be located on King Street near Victoria Street, across the street from the former Kaufmann shoe factory (now being converted to lofts). The University of Waterloo (also referred to as UW, UWaterloo, or Waterloo) is a medium-sized research-intensive public university in the city of Waterloo, Ontario, Canada. ...


Economic and social impacts from the new health sciences campus that are expected to be felt locally include: the potential for more family doctors and other health professionals practicing in the city and region; significant economic benefits associated with an injection of as many as 1,200 students, faculty and staff to the downtown core each day and spin off business and industry that will diversify the economy and bring additional jobs to the area.


The redevelopment of the centre block in downtown Kitchener has its vision set and is planned to start sometime in 2008. It will include a 12 storey and an 18 storey condominium, more retail spaces, the redevlopment of the Mayfair Hotel and a central courtyard.


Demographics

Ethnic origin Population Percent
Canadian 55,465 29.48%
German 47,380 25.18%
English 43,030 22.87%
Irish 29,520 15.69%
Scottish 29,320 15.58%
French 17,620 9.36%
Polish 10,515 5.59%
Dutch 7,240 3.85%
Portuguese 5,350 2.84%
Italian 4,670 2.48%
source (includes multiple responses)

At the time of the Canada 2006 Census, the population of Kitchener was 204,668. From the 2001 census figures, 49.2% of the population was male and 50.8% was female. Children under five accounted for approximately 6.3% of the resident population of Kitchener, compared to 5.8% in Ontario, and 5.6% for Canada overall. Some 11.2% of the resident population in Kitchener was of retirement age, compared with 13.2% in Canada. The average age was 35.3 years, compared to the 37.6-year national average. In the five years between 1996 and 2001, the population of Kitchener grew by 8.2% compared with an increase of 6.1% for Ontario as a whole. Population density of Kitchener averaged 501.0 people per square kilometre. Approximately 10 percent of the population claimed to be members of a visible minority, and are primarily people of Asian (mostly East Indian: 2.73%), Black Caribbean: 1.79%, including mixed race, Chinese, Arab and others. This article is about the English as a nation. ... This article is about the Scottish as an ethnic group. ... The Canada 2006 Census was a detailed enumeration of the Canadian population. ... Asian people[1] is a demonym for people from Asia. ... The Indies, on the display globe of the Field Museum, Chicago The Indies or East Indies (or East India) is a term used to describe lands of South and South-East Asia, occupying all of the former British India, the present Indian Union, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Maldives, and... This article is about the color. ... “West Indian” redirects here. ... The terms multiracial, biracial and mixed-race describe people whose ancestors are not of a single race. ...


Christianity continues to have the greatest number of adherents. From the 2001 census, 78.85% of the population adhered to various Christian denominations. Due to the higher concentrations of German Canadians, Protestantism has a greater percentage (41.32%), followed by Roman Catholic (32.44%), while the remaining 5.07% follow other Christian groups such as Eastern Orthodox, LDS, Jehovah's Witness etc.[6] Minor religions include Islam: 2.24%, Hindu: 1.00%, and other including Judaism, Sikh, and Buddhism. Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations · Other religions Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Catholic Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      Christianity is... German-Canadians are those Canadians of German descent. ... Protestantism encompasses the forms of Christian faith and practice that originated with the doctrines of the Reformation. ... The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... Eastern Orthodoxy (also called Greek Orthodoxy and Russian Orthodoxy) is a Christian tradition which represents the majority of Eastern Christianity. ... For other uses, see Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints (disambiguation). ... For people named Islam, see Islam (name). ... This article discusses the adherents of Hinduism. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Religions Sikhism Scriptures Guru Granth Sahib Languages English, Punjabi] A Sikh (English: or ; Punjabi: , , IPA: ) is an adherent to Sikhism. ... A silhouette of a Buddha statue at Ayutthaya, Thailand. ...


Government

Official logo of the city of Kitchener.

Kitchener is governed by a council of six councillors, representing wards (or districts), and a mayor. Kitchener residents also elect four councillors at large to sit with the mayor on the council of the Regional Municipality of Waterloo. The current mayor of Kitchener is Carl Zehr, who was re-elected to his fourth term in November 2006, after first being elected in 1997 and then re-elected in 2000 and 2003. Before that, he sat as a municipal councillor from 1985-1994. Download high resolution version (2048x1600, 1886 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: Kitchener, Ontario Categories: GFDL images ... Download high resolution version (2048x1600, 1886 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: Kitchener, Ontario Categories: GFDL images ... The City Hall of Kitchener, Ontario, Canada, has gone through many iterations through the 20th century, culminating in the current building, opened in 1993. ... Image File history File links City Of Kitchener File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links City Of Kitchener File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... A ward is an electoral district used in local politics, most notably in England, Scotland, and Wales, as well as Australia, Canada, the Republic of Ireland, New Zealand, South Africa and many cities in the United States and the federal district of Washington, DC. Wards are usually named after neighbourhoods... The Regional Municipality of Waterloo (or Waterloo Region or Region of Waterloo) is located in the Canadian province of Ontario. ...


In 1976, residents of Kitchener voted almost 2:1 in favour of a ward system. The first municipal election held under the ward system occurred in 1978.


The City Councillors, plus the Mayor, make up the entire City of Kitchener Council. Council is responsible for policy and decision making, monitoring the operation and performance of the city, analyzing and approving budgets and determining spending priorities. The residents of each ward vote for one person to be their City Councillor; their voice and representative on City Council.


The current Member of Provincial Parliament (MPP) for Kitchener Centre is John Milloy and the Member of Parliament (MP, federal) is Karen Redman. Gerry Martinuik, Elizabeth Witmer, and Ted Arnott are also MPP's whose ridings contain parts of the Kitchener region. For the song by Chamillionaire, see Ridin. In the British Isles since Anglo-Saxon times, a riding is traditionally a sub-division (especially in three) of a county[1]. The term has similar or analogous meanings in other countries. ...


Education

Kitchener has several public high schools, with Kitchener Collegiate Institute being the oldest, founded in 1855. In the 1950s and 1960s several new schools were constructed including Cameron Heights Collegiate Institute in the Downtown core in 1967, Eastwood Collegiate Institute in the southern part of the city in 1956, Grand River Collegiate Institute in the southern Chicopee Area in 1966, and Forest Heights Collegiate Institute in the western part of the city in 1964. In 2006, Huron Heights Secondary School opened in southwest Kitchener, which opened with a limited enrollment which included only 9th and 10th grade students, with plans to expand the enrollment into higher grades with each successive year. Categories: Stub ... Cameron Heights Collegiate Institute is a public secondary school in Kitchener, Ontario. ... Eastwood Collegiate Institute is a public high school located at 760 Weber Street East in Kitchener, Ontario, Canada. ... Grand River Collegiate Institute is a public secondary school in Kitchener, Ontario. ... Forest Heights Collegiate Institute is a high school located in Kitchener, Ontario, Canada. ...

The Doon neighbourhood, formerly a separate village but now part of Kitchener, is home to the primary campus of Conestoga College, one of the foremost non-university educational institutions in the province. Image File history File links Cc_kitchener. ... Image File history File links Cc_kitchener. ... Former logo The Conestoga College Institute of Technology and Advanced Learning is a public college based in Kitchener, Ontario in Canada. ... Former logo The Conestoga College Institute of Technology and Advanced Learning is a public college based in Kitchener, Ontario in Canada. ...


For nine consecutive years, Conestoga has earned top overall ranking among Ontario colleges on the Key Performance Indicator (KPI) surveys, which measure graduate employment rates and satisfaction levels, and employer and student satisfaction.


The former St. Jerome's High School in downtown Kitchener currently houses the Faculty of Social Work from Wilfrid Laurier University. Wilfrid Laurier University is a public university located in Waterloo, Ontario, Canada. ...


The University of Waterloo is proceeding with opening a School of Pharmacy in the downtown area. The City of Kitchener has contributed $30 million from its $110 million Economic Development Investment Fund, established in 2004, to the establishment of the UW Downtown Kitchener School of Pharmacy. Construction began in 2006. The University of Waterloo (also referred to as UW, UWaterloo, or Waterloo) is a medium-sized research-intensive public university in the city of Waterloo, Ontario, Canada. ...


The school is expected to graduate about 120 pharmacists annually and will become the home of the Centre for Family Medicine, where new family physicians will be trained, as well as an optometry clinic and the International Pharmacy Graduate Program. Construction on the $147 million facility - expected to create an influx of 1,200 staff and faculty into the city's core - is slated to be complete as early as the summer of 2007.


The provincial government has also announced that the University of Waterloo's (UW) Downtown Kitchener Campus will be the site of a new satellite campus of McMaster University's School of Medicine. This is expected to train 12 doctors a year, primarily through distance learning. McMaster University is a medium-sized research-intensive university located in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada, with an enrollment of 18,238 full-time and 3,836 part-time students (as of 2006). ...


The training of medical professionals in downtown Kitchener include developments such as:

  • In 2007, the UW School of Pharmacy about to begin admitting 120 pharmaceutical students each year.
  • Eventually, the UW School of Pharmacy campus will evolve to become the UW Health Sciences Campus, offering more programs and with a daily population of more than 1,200 students, faculty and staff.
  • There are plans for an Integrated Primary Health Care Centre on the UW site that will provide as many as 12 more family physicians locally, as well as training for many more medical doctors.
  • The Centre for Family Medicine, which is already up and running in the former Victoria School Centre in downtown Kitchener, is slated to move to the UW campus sometime after it opens. Currently, there are six practicing family physicians in the centre and plans are to boost that number to as many as 14 family physicians.
  • New physicians trained either at the new Integrated Primary Health Care Centre or the Centre for Family Medicine will learn in and create holistic health care models of the future.
  • In September 2006, the Wilfrid Laurier Faculty of Social Work opened in the former St. Jerome's High School building on Duke Street adding yet another dimension to the "health care" theme in downtown Kitchener.

Health care in Kitchener

Kitchener-Waterloo is served by two hospitals, Grand River Hospital and St. Mary's General Hospital. Grand River treats patients with a wide range of problems and houses the psychiatric unit, trauma centre, women's and children's services, and the Regional Cancer Care Centre. St Mary's houses the Regional Cardiac Care Centre, serving a population of nearly one million from Waterloo Region, east to Guelph, north to Owen Sound/Tobermory, south to Lake Erie, and west to Ingersoll. It also houses a respiratory centre. Both hospitals have emergency departments and intensive care units. Kitchener-Waterloo (K-W) is an unofficial but ubiquitous name for the area in Ontario, Canada consisting of the twin cities of Kitchener and Waterloo, approximately 100 kilometres west of Toronto. ... Grand River Hospital is a group of affiliated medical facilities in the Kitchener-Waterloo-Cambridge-Guelph area in southwestern Ontario. ... St. ... Nickname: Motto: Faith, Fidelity and Progress Coordinates: , Country Canada Province Ontario County Wellington County City Wards There are 6 Wards Founded April 23, 1827 Incorporated April 23, 1879 Government  - Mayor Karen Farbridge (elected November 2006)  - Governing Body Guelph City Council  - MPs Brenda Chamberlain (LPC)  - MPPs Liz Sandals (OLP) Area  - City... Owen Sound (2006 City population 21,753; UA Population 22,649; CA Population 32, 259), the county seat of Grey County, is a city in south-western Ontario, Canada. ... Tobermory is a small town lying at the north tip of the Bruce Peninsula in Ontario, Canada. ... Lake Erie (pronounced ) is the tenth largest lake on Earth[2] and, of the five Great Lakes of North America, is the fourth largest by surface area, the southernmost, shallowest, and smallest by volume. ... This is the article about the town in Ontario. ...


Long term rehabilitation and physiotherapy is addressed at the Freeport Health Centre, at the south of the city. Built originally as a tuberculosis sanatorium and home for the terminally ill,[1] its last link with that past is the palliative care unit. It nestles along the banks of the Grand River, and is part of Grand River Hospital. Grand River Hospital is a group of affiliated medical facilities in the Kitchener-Waterloo-Cambridge-Guelph area in southwestern Ontario. ...


Family doctors are in short supply in K-W, and a source of great concern among residents. The Chamber of Commerce runs a waiting list for people looking for a doctor, but as of 2006 the wait is over two years. Two urgent care centres cater for much of the routine services for thousands of people without a family doctor, from routine immunisations and health screening, to repeat prescriptions and referral on to specialist services. A third urgent care centre is being added to a renovated supermarket development in the desirable Forest Heights area of the city.


Announced January 2006 was the inauguration of a new School of Medicine attached to the University of Waterloo. From 2007, 15 new family doctors will be trained each year in new premises being constructed in the downtown core on rehabilitated industrial lands along the railway. The University of Waterloo (also referred to as UW, UWaterloo, or Waterloo) is a medium-sized research-intensive public university in the city of Waterloo, Ontario, Canada. ...


In 2009, the mental health unit is slated for relocation from the downtown core to an unused floor at the Freeport site. By this, patients needing mental health care shall gain options for local long term care and monitoring. The current site for the unit is in the basement of the downtown hospital in an area in dire need of renovations and the absence of options for local long-term mental care forces the transfer of such patients to neighbouring London, Ontario. Nickname: Location of London in relation to Middlesex County and the Province of Ontario Coordinates: , Country Canada Province Ontario County Middlesex County Settled 1826 as a village Incorporated 1855 as a city Government  - City Mayor Anne Marie DeCicco-Best  - Governing Body London City Council  - MPs Sue Barnes (LPC) Glen Pearson...


After renovations, the Child and Adolescent Inpatient Program will be moved from a small 9-bed wing to the downstairs in place of the current adult mental health unit. Once moved in 2009, upwards of 26 beds shall be available to this program.


City issues

Heritage Conservation
In 2006, the Heritage Canada Foundation listed Kitchener's demolition of the historic Forsyth Factory as the worst heritage loss of the last year. This designation was partly because of the importance of the building, which was officially designated as a protected property in 1999, but also because of the city's refusal to take responsibility for maintaining the building.


In 2001 the city of Kitchener bought the Forsyth shirt Factory building for nearly $1 million. Since then Kitchener Council has done virtually no maintenance of any sort on the building, including repeatedly voting to not fix leaks in the roof. As a result of several years of water damage, a city inspection on January 9, 2006 determined that the building had developed structural problems and recommended demolition for public safety. On January 14, demolition started. Many residents questioned the report, since a similar report commissioned by the city just a few months prior indicated no structural problems and suggested that the best and least expensive option for redevelopment was to repair the extensive water damage and to convert the building to lower floor commercial, and upper floor residential uses, as was done successfully with the Kaufman factory. Exterior examination by citizens' groups indicated no dangerous structural problems, but the city refused to allow anyone access to the property to do a more detailed analysis. The safety of the building was a key consideration since public safety is one of the few reasons that a property with a provincial heritage designation can be demolished.


Part of the issue is that the Forsyth building is on what should be prime downtown Kitchener real estate, yet the block is not well developed. The city's plan was to construct a library on this piece of land as the other branch located downtown was old and obsolete. The idea was that part of the factory could be included in a new building, however, it was ultimately demolished. Public opposition to the demolition had a substantial effect on the future of the block. Since taking ownership of the building, Kitchener has also rejected several proposals from developers and community organizations for ways of using the property. In 2004 Kitchener held public meetings to determine what people wanted to be done with the block. In 2006, due to the opposition from the public regarding the library, and the need for parking, the city agreed to construct a temporary parking lot until the council decides what to do.


Because the factory was actually three connected buildings, even with the structural report, the city could only demolish the largest building, the other two are still standing, although with missing walls. As of March 2006, the city of Kitchener has not protected the remain buildings from water and is arguing that they are no longer safe.


Culture

Kitchener's cultural highlights include CAFKA, The Open Ears Festival, Multicultural Festival, and Blues, Brews & Barbecues, all of which are free to the public. Kitchener is also home to venues such as Homer Watson House & Gallery, Kitchener-Waterloo Art Gallery, The Centre in the Square, and Theatre & Company. Live music by popular artists can be heard at venues such as the Centre in the Square and The Aud. The Kitchener Public Library is another community stalwart. Performance Artist Anti-cool in front of Kitchener City Hall during CAFKA.05: X Industria The Contemporary Art Forum Kitchener and Area (CAFKA) is a non-profit organization that holds a biennial international arts festival in the Waterloo Region, located in Southwestern Ontario, Canada. ... The Kitchener Public Library is the public library system for the city of Kitchener, Ontario, Canada. ...


Oktoberfest

Main article: Kitchener-Waterloo Oktoberfest
Kitchener is home to the largest Oktoberfest celebration outside of Germany.
Kitchener is home to the largest Oktoberfest celebration outside of Germany.

Kitchener's Oktoberfest celebration is an annual nine-day event. Based on the original German Oktoberfest, it is billed as Canada's Great Bavarian Festival. It is held every October, starting on the Friday before Canadian Thanksgiving and running until the Saturday after. Kitchener-Waterloo Oktoberfest is an annual eight-day festival in the twin cities of Kitchener-Waterloo, Ontario, Canada. ... Image File history File links Oktoberfest_kitchener. ... Image File history File links Oktoberfest_kitchener. ... Inside a typical Oktoberfest tent Oktoberfest is a two-week festival held each year in Munich, Bavaria, Germany during late September and early October. ... Inside a typical Oktoberfest tent Oktoberfest is a two-week festival held each year in Munich, Bavaria, Germany during late September and early October. ... Inside a typical Oktoberfest tent Oktoberfest is a two-week festival held each year in Munich, Bavaria, Germany during late September and early October. ... For other uses, see Bavaria (disambiguation). ... The First Thanksgiving, painted by Jean Leon Gerome Ferris (1863-1930). ...


While its best-known draws are the beer-based celebrations, other cultural and entertainment attractions also fill the week. The best-known is the parade held on Thanksgiving Day; as the only major parade on Canadian Thanksgiving, it is televised nationally. For other uses, see Beer (disambiguation). ... United States Marines on parade. ...


Another icon of the festival is Miss Oktoberfest. This position was formerly selected in a televised beauty pageant, the applicant coming from across North America. The position is now selected by a closed committee of judges from a panel of local applicants; community involvement and personal character form the main criteria under the new system. A ribald spin-off of the Miss Oktoberfest pageant is celebrated in some local high schools, in which all participants are male, but dressed as women. North America North America is a continent[1] in the Earths northern hemisphere and (chiefly) western hemisphere. ...


CAFKA

Performance Artist Anti-cool at Kitchener City Hall during CAFKA.05: X Industria
Main article: Cafka

The Contemporary Art Forum Kitchener and Area (CAFKA) is a non-profit organization that holds a biennial international arts festival in downtown Kitchener. It brings cutting-edge works out of art galleries, studios and artist-run centres and places them in public spaces. Art installations have traditionally been located in and around Kitchener City Hall. CAFKA events are always free of charge to the public. Image File history File linksMetadata Cafka_anti-cool. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Cafka_anti-cool. ... Performance Artist Anti-cool in front of Kitchener City Hall during CAFKA.05: X Industria The Contemporary Art Forum Kitchener and Area (CAFKA) is a non-profit organization that holds a biennial international arts festival in the Waterloo Region, located in Southwestern Ontario, Canada. ...


City parks and trails

Kitchener's oldest and most important outdoor park is Victoria Park, in the heart of downtown Kitchener. Numerous events and festivities are held in this park. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Central business district. ...


A cast-bronze statue of Queen Victoria is located in Victoria Park, along with a cannon. The statue was unveiled in May 1911, on Victoria Day (the Queen's birthday) in the tenth year after her death. The Princess of Wales Chapter of the IODE raised the $6,000 needed for the monument.[2] “Queen Victoria” redirects here. ... The Imperial Order of the Daughters of the Empire (I.O.D.E.) is a Canadian womens charitable organization. ...

Victoria Park
Victoria Park

The city has announced the construction of a new Gaukel Street entrance to Victoria Park. Gaukel Street is to be used as a corridor linking Victoria Park to City Hall. The new entrance will include a complete streetscape upgrade on Gaukel Street with new lighting, stamped concrete, and other features. The new entrance to the park itself will include stone masonry gates, walkways, new lighting, flower gardens, a pond complete with waterfalls, and a sculpture created by a local artist. Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 1688 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: Kitchener, Ontario Categories: GFDL images ... Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 1688 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: Kitchener, Ontario Categories: GFDL images ... The City Hall of Kitchener, Ontario, Canada, has gone through many iterations through the 20th century, culminating in the current building, opened in 1993. ...


Another significant beauty spot in the city is Rockway Gardens. Adjacent to the Rockway golf course, the gardens occupy a long narrow strip of land alongside King Street as it rushes down to meet the Conestoga Parkway and become Highway 8. Here there are many fountains and rock grottoes. It is a popular site for wedding photos in the summer months.


Kitchener has an extensive and safe community trail system. The trails, which are controlled and run by the city, are hundreds of kilometers in length. Due to Kitchener's close proximity to the Grand River, several community trails and paths border the river's shores. This convenient access to the Grand River has drawn nature-seeking tourists to the city. Grand River Ontario This article is about the Grand River in Southern Ontario, Canada. ...


However, Kitchener's trails and especially natural areas remain underfunded by city council and as a result, many are not adequately maintained.[3]


Transport

Highways and expressways

Highway 8 as seen from Franklin Street bridge.
Highway 8 as seen from Franklin Street bridge.

Kitchener was very proactive and visionary about its transportation network in the 1960s, with the province undertaking at that time construction of the Conestoga Parkway from the western boundary (just past Homer Watson Boulevard) across the south side of the city and looping north along the Grand River to Northfield Drive in Waterloo. Subsequent upgrades took the Conestoga west beyond Trussler Road and north towards St Jacobs, with eight lanes through its middle stretch, and it is busy at all hours. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (800x604, 96 KB) Summary Southwestern Conestoga Parkway as seen from the Frederick Street bridge. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (800x604, 96 KB) Summary Southwestern Conestoga Parkway as seen from the Frederick Street bridge. ... The Conestoga Parkway is a freeway in Waterloo Region, Ontario, Canada. ... St. ...


The Conestoga Parkway bears the provincial highway designations of Highways 7 and 8. King Street becomes Hwy 8 where it meets the Conestoga in the south and leads down to the 401, but Old King Street survives as the street-route through Freeport to the Preston area of Cambridge. Up until construction of the Conestoga, Highland Road through Baden had been the primary highway to Stratford. Victoria Street was then and remains the primary highway to Guelph but this is slated to be bypassed with an entirely new highway beginning at the Wellington Street exit and running roughly north of and parallel to the old route. The Kings Highway No. ... Ontario provincial highway 8 is a primary highway (also known as a Kings Highway) in the Canadian province of Ontario. ... For the electoral district, see Cambridge (electoral district). ... Baden is a community in the Township of Wilmot, Ontario, Canada. ... Stratford is a city on the Avon River in Perth County in southwestern Ontario, Canada with a population of 30,461 in 2006. ... Nickname: Motto: Faith, Fidelity and Progress Coordinates: , Country Canada Province Ontario County Wellington County City Wards There are 6 Wards Founded April 23, 1827 Incorporated April 23, 1879 Government  - Mayor Karen Farbridge (elected November 2006)  - Governing Body Guelph City Council  - MPs Brenda Chamberlain (LPC)  - MPPs Liz Sandals (OLP) Area  - City...


There are two interchanges with Highway 401 on Kitchener's southern border. In addition to the primary link where Hwy 8 merges into the Hwy 401, there is another interchange on the west side with Homer Watson Boulevard. “Macdonald-Cartier” redirects here. ...


In order to reduce the congestion on Highway 8, a new interchange has been proposed on Highway 401 at Trussler Road, which would serve the rapidly growing west side of Kitchener. Although this proposal is supported by the Region of Waterloo, the MTO has no plans to date to proceed with an interchange at Trussler Road.


City streets

Unlike many southern Ontario cities whose streets follow a strict British grid survey pattern, Kitchener's streets are laid out in a complex radial pattern on the Continental models most familiar to the German settlers.


There is good historical reason for this. Kitchener was one of the few places in Ontario where the settlers arrived in advance of government surveyors.[citation needed] The Mennonites who had banded together as the German Company to purchase the township from Richard Beasley simply divided their vast parcel of land by the number of shareholder households and then drew random lots to confer title on individual farms.[citation needed] There was no grid survey done -- no lines, no concessions, no right-of-way corridors for roads. When it came time to punch roads through the wilderness, the farmers modelled the road network on what was familiar to them, which was the pattern of villages in Switzerland and southern Germany.


This is a Continental Radial pattern and the result was major streets extended through diagonals cutting across the grid of smaller streets and converging at multiple-point intersections which, as the communities became more prosperous and if the automobile had not displaced the horse, might someday have become roundabouts decorated with circular gardens, fountains or statuary in the style of European cities. Five-point intersections created by converging diagonals are legion in the older areas: A roundabout, rotary, or gyratory circus is a type of road junction (or traffic calming device) at which traffic streams circularly around a central island after first yielding to the circulating traffic. ...

  • Victoria, Lancaster and Queen (however this instance could be disputed as there is a small distance between Queen Street and Victoria Street due to a slight bend in Queen Street right before its end, making it roughly parallel to Victoria Street, large enough that Queen Street (which ends at this point) is not included in the traffic light patterns of Victoria/Lancaster (Through Streets), but rather has a simple stop sign where it ends at Lancaster Street)
  • Frederick, Lancaster and Ellen (Ellen begins at this intersection, and as a one-way street travelling away from the intersection)
  • Weber, Lancaster, Krug and Cedar (Forming a shape roughly similar to that of the Yen (¥) Symbol, with Weber Street being the two cross-strokes, Cedar Street being the stem of the Y (below the cross strokes (Weber)), Lancaster Street being the branch of the Y extending to the upper left (signage has Lancaster ending not at Weber, but at Krug), and Krug Street being the branch of the Y extending to the upper right, as well as the stem of the Y between Weber and Lancaster. Interestingly, although signage and address numbers show Krug ending at Weber and Lancaster ending at Krug, Krug has a stop sign where it meets with Lancaster, and Lancaster does not. This is because this intersection is not a perfect ¥ shape; Lancaster has a clearer view of the intersection where as Krug Street has quite a severe turn to reach Weber Street (sometimes hard to navigate for the GRT #1 Stanley Park route, which turns from Weber to Krug). For safety reasons, even though Krug's namesake continues for those last few feet, traffic needs to be halted so that clear sight lines can be preserved.)
  • Weber, Ottawa and East (As a traffic calming measure, due to Weber East Avenue being a secondary road, all traffic on East Av approaching the intersection is forced to turn right on Weber Street, avoiding from the intersection by means of a forced yield lane.)
  • Victoria, Ahrens and Water (As a traffic calming measure, for the final few feet before the intersection Ahrens is converted to a one-way towards the intersection.)
  • Glasgow, Park and Strange (Strange is a one-way street heading away from the intersection)
  • Highland, Spadina and Glen (incorporated into Spadina is a large number of medians and boulevards to safely direct traffic.)
  • King, Breithaupt and Moore (Breithaupt used to have a large center median forcing approaching traffic away from the intersection and onto Moore, but this has since been eliminated due to the sharp turns it imposed - a diffucult course for 18-Wheelers coming out of a nearby factory.)

Other notably odd street arrangements include:

  • Krug and River (Two main streets intersect while River Rd is in the middle of an elongated s-curve, giving an odd shape to the intersection. Drivers on Krug encounter a sharp 90-degree turn immediately before the intersection, forcing there to be reflecive signs indicating the sharp turn. There is also a large yield lane and center island due to the odd shape. One final quirk is that formerly, Krug went a few houses further before turning to meet River. This created a VERY sharp turn which was difficult to navigate for longer vehicles, including city buses. The curve was later backed up and smoothed out, however to provide continued access to the houses who's driveways met the old, severed part of Krug, the old part was simply separated from the new Krug Street by a curb and small grassy median, and it still connects to River Road as an unsigned portion of Krug. This created one other interesting feature: due to the smooth curve in River Rd at that location, two houses sitting beside each other, seemingly on the same street are in fact on two diiferent streets, creating a gap in their addresses by more than 100!)
  • King and Queen (In the heart of downtown Kitchener, Queen Street has an awkward jog where it meets King Street. This is due to the fact that the site that the Walper Terrace Hotel - which sits on one corner, was too small for the owner's liking. Queen was subsequently re-aligned, however a building had already been constructed on the opposite corner, necessitating a jog in the street.)

A notable quirk of the Kitchener-Waterloo region involves King Street and Weber Street, two main north-south arteries which intersect at three points, despite running essentially parallel north-south. King Street runs roughly straight, aside from a large bend at William Street in Waterloo. Weber Street runs in the shape of an "S". Both ends of Weber Street are at King Street. Furthermore, addresses along King Street in Waterloo are designated as being either North or South, while addresses along King Street in Kitchener are designated as being either East or West, but on the map it is all one long road. This was done actually to reduce confusion in addresses between the cities. King Street is the major north-south arterial road in Kitchener, Ontario, as well as Waterloo, Ontario. ...


Historically, attempts to simplify the street system have met limited success. With the influx of soldiers returning from service in World War II, the region was threatened with a housing crisis; seeing this as an opportunity to improve road layouts, the city constructed new neighborhoods in a grid pattern. The project was largely unsuccessful, however, and with the exception of a few isolated areas, road layouts remain complex to this day. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000...


Another major road is Fairway Road, which begins at the three-point intersection of Courtland Avenue and Manitou Drive and goes to the Grand River, which it may someday bridge to reach the airport.[7] Kitchener's oldest large shopping centre, Fairview Mall, is located on Fairway Road. Prior to its construction in the mid-1960s, Fairway Road was known as Sims Road and the secluded Sims Estate along the Grand River is one of the few surviving reminders of that time.


The plan to extend River Road through an area known as Hidden Valley has been sharply controversial for forty years, [8] but the pressure of traffic and the absence of any other full east-west arterials between Fairway Road and the Highway 401 is forcing this development ahead.


In 2004, roundabouts were introduced to the Region of Waterloo.[9] Besides improving traffic flow, it will help the region lower pollution from emissions. In 2006, two were installed along Ira Needles Boulevard in Kitchener. As of May 2007 another two will also be placed on that street, and three more are planned through 2007 into 2008 on Fischer Hallman Road. Roundabouts are ideal for intersections in this area because of the aforementioned historical growth along Continental radial patterns versus the British grid systems. A roundabout, rotary, or gyratory circus is a type of road junction (or traffic calming device) at which traffic streams circularly around a central island after first yielding to the circulating traffic. ...


Public transport

GRT bus
GRT bus

Since 2000, public transport throughout the Region of Waterloo has been provided by Grand River Transit, which was created by a merger of the former Cambridge Transit and Kitchener Transit. GRT operate a number of bus routes in Kitchener, with many running into Waterloo and two connecting to Cambridge. In September 2005, GRT added an express bus route called iXpress from downtown Cambridge through Kitchener to north Waterloo. [10] Download high resolution version (1679x735, 2909 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (1679x735, 2909 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... The Regional Municipality of Waterloo (or Waterloo Region or Region of Waterloo) is located in the Canadian province of Ontario. ... Wheelchair-accessible low-floor buses such as this Nova LFS now form the majority of the GRT fleet. ... , Waterloo, Ontario, Canada is the smallest of the three cities in the Regional Municipality of Waterloo, and is adjacent to the larger city of Kitchener. ... For the electoral district, see Cambridge (electoral district). ... Busways redirects here. ...


Recently, proposals have been put forth regarding a rapid transit system serving the downtown cores of all three cities. An Environmental Assessment is being conducted by the Region. The current phase (2) of the EA is looking at options for technology, route, and station locations for the Region. Numerous Public Consultation Centres have been held where the public is encouraged to give feedback on the Rapid Transit Initiative.


Railways

Passenger rail service has long been a point of frustration for residents of Kitchener and its neighbouring cities. The problem appears to stem from the way in which rail links were laid out in this part of Ontario and how use of these links is rationed. Two main lines come westward out of Toronto and then meet up again in London. The northern line passes through Guelph, Kitchener and Stratford to London before continuing to the US border at Sarnia. The southern line goes along the heavily-populated lakeshore to Oakville, then Brantford, then Woodstock, then through London on a more southerly route to the US border at Windsor. This southern line is designated the primary passenger corridor, while the northern line through Kitchener is designated the primary freight corridor.[citation needed] Consequently, Kitchener, with a regional population base equal to London and situated much closer to metropolitan Toronto, gets less than one third the frequency of passenger rail service. Nickname: Location of London in relation to Middlesex County and the Province of Ontario Coordinates: , Country Canada Province Ontario County Middlesex County Settled 1826 as a village Incorporated 1855 as a city Government  - City Mayor Anne Marie DeCicco-Best  - Governing Body London City Council  - MPs Sue Barnes (LPC) Glen Pearson... Nickname: Motto: Faith, Fidelity and Progress Coordinates: , Country Canada Province Ontario County Wellington County City Wards There are 6 Wards Founded April 23, 1827 Incorporated April 23, 1879 Government  - Mayor Karen Farbridge (elected November 2006)  - Governing Body Guelph City Council  - MPs Brenda Chamberlain (LPC)  - MPPs Liz Sandals (OLP) Area  - City... Stratford is a city on the Avon River in Perth County in southwestern Ontario, Canada with a population of 30,461 in 2006. ... Sarnia is a city in Southwestern Ontario, Canada (city population 71,419, census area population 88,793, in 2006). ... Oakville (2006 population 165,613[1]) is a town on Lake Ontario in southern Ontario, Canada, midway between Toronto (about 31 km or 19 mi away) on its eastern border and Hamilton (about 20 km or 12 mi away) from its western border. ... Nickname: Coordinates: , Country Canada Province Ontario Established May 31, 1877 Government  - City Mayor Mike Hancock  - Governing Body Brantford City Council  - MP Lloyd St. ... Woodstock (2005 population: 34,000) is a city and the county seat of Oxford County in southwestern Ontario, Canada. ... Nickname: Motto: The river and the land sustain us. ...


Passenger service is provided by VIA Rail. Three trains in each direction travelling between Sarnia and Toronto stop at the Kitchener railway station daily. The station is slightly to the northeast of the city's downtown on Weber Street near its intersection with Victoria Street. VIA Rails trains travelling by Highway 401 near Brockville, Ontario. ... Kitchener station in Kitchener, Ontario is served by several VIA Rail trains daily running between Sarnia and Toronto. ...


GO Transit does not serve Kitchener; the nearest Go Train station to Kitchener is Milton station. City councillors and public petitions have called for the extension of GO Train service to the Region of Waterloo, but at present GO is studying if it will go beyond already-announced bus links. GO Transit (AAR reporting marks GOT), officially known as the Greater Toronto Transit Authority (GTTA), is Canadas first, and Ontarios only, interregional public transit system, established to link Toronto with the surrounding regions of the Greater Toronto Area (GTA). ... Milton GO Station is the western rail terminus for GO Transits Milton train corridor in the Greater Toronto Area, Ontario, Canada. ...


Freight trains in Kitchener are operated by the Goderich-Exeter Railway and the Canadian Pacific Railway. These railways serve several customers (including ThyssenKrupp Budd), many of which are located in industrial parks in southern Kitchener. The Goderich-Exeter Railway (AAR reporting mark GEXR) is a short line freight railway that operates over 169 miles of track in Southern Ontario. ... An eastbound CPR freight at Stoney Creek Bridge in Rogers Pass. ... Budd logo A rear view of Santa Fes El Capitan and its Budd-built observation car as it approaches the Raton Tunnel (Colorado side) on June 26, 1938. ...


Air

The closest airport to Kitchener is the Region of Waterloo International Airport in nearby Breslau, but while it is a thriving general-aviation field, it is not heavily-served by scheduled airlines. Most air travellers use either Toronto's Lester B. Pearson International Airport or Hamilton's John C. Munro International Airport. Although there are no permanent public transport links from Kitchener to any of these airports, Northwest Airlines has three flights daily to Detroit's Wayne County Metropolitan Airport and Westjet to Calgary respectively. Mesaba Airlines, using Saab 340 twin prop aircraft, is the regional carrier affiliated with Northwest and operates under the name Northwest Airlink. Westjet uses their 737-700 aircraft from their Calgary hub. They started service out of Waterloo International Airport on May 14 2007 for the summer season and then decided they will fly year-round due to strong passenger demand. During the winter vacation period Dec. 2005 to March 2006, Sunquest Vacations and Signature Vacations started flights to Mexico and the Dominican Republic, using Airbus A320 Aircraft. Both Signature and Sunquest have returned for the 06-07 and 07-08 winter seasons. Recent upgrades to the runways and terminal building are permitting larger aircraft to use this airport. Air Canada and Bearskin Airlines have been in talks with the Region with an eye on starting flights to Ottawa and Montreal. Region of Waterloo International Airport or Kitchener/Waterloo Regional Airport (IATA: YKF, ICAO: CYKF), is situated in Waterloo Region, near Breslau, Ontario, Canada. ... General aviation (abbr. ... “YYZ” redirects here. ... Motto: Together Aspire - Together Achieve Location in the province of Ontario, Canada Coordinates: , Country Canada Province Ontario Incorporated June 9, 1846[1] Government  - Mayor Fred Eisenberger  - City Council Hamilton City Council  - Representatives 5 MPs and 5 MPPs Area [2]  - City 1,138. ... John C. Munro Hamilton International Airport or Hamilton International, (IATA: YHM, ICAO: CYHM), is an international airport in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada. ... Northwest Airlines (NYSE: NWA), occasionally known as NWA, is an American airline headquartered in Eagan, Minnesota, near Minneapolis-St. ... A WestJet Boeing 737-700 WestJet Airlines Ltd. ... Mesaba Airlines (IATA: XJ, ICAO: MES, and Callsign: Mesaba) [1] is an American regional airline based in Eagan, Minnesota. ... The Saab 340 is a two-engine turboprop aircraft designed and initially produced by a partnership between Saab and Fairchild in a 65:35 ratio. ... Region of Waterloo International Airport or Kitchener/Waterloo Regional Airport (IATA: YKF, ICAO: CYKF), is situated in Waterloo Region, near Breslau, Ontario, Canada. ... Air Canada is Canadas largest airline and flag carrier. ... Bearskin Airlines is a small Canadian airline providing regional service to various locations to and from northern Ontario and Manitoba. ...


Media

The Regional Municipality of Waterloo is a regional municipality located in Ontario, Canada. ...

Neighbourhoods

Districts within KITCHENER
Westmount   Bridgeport East, Bridgeport North
Beechwood Forest, Forest Heights, Forest Hill, Victoria Hills
N
W
DOWNTOWN
E
S
Heritage Park, Rosemount, Grand River North
Country Hills West, Glencairn, Huron Park, Laurentian Hills, Laurentian West, Williamsburg Centreville, Rockway, Alpine Village, Country Hills, Doon, Pioneer Park, Pioneer Tower West
 
Chicopee, Idlewood, Lackner Woods, Stanley Park

Forest Heights and the downtown core are considered neighbourhoods, but officially, only eight main wards are recognized. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Tamsui_by_Chen_Chengpuo. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...


Each of the larger main neighbourhoods has its own mall named after the area. Two notable examples are Stanley Park Mall, and Fairview Park Mall, the latter of which has just begun a $33,500,000 upgrade. New features will include 3-5 additional stores, a larger food court, improved washrooms, new lighting,security cameras, ceilings and an upgraded dock/receiving area. Fairview Park Mall, situated at 2960 Kingsway Drive, is the largest shopping mall in Kitchener, Ontario, Canada. ...


Real estate

Kitchener-Waterloo has a strong real estate market. Housing prices have been rising steadily, and a report released by Re/Max in 2006 predicts that 2007 will see a modest 5% gain in home prices for the Kitchener-Waterloo area. Real estate in the Hidden Valley area is the most expensive in Kitchener.


Sports teams and leagues

The Kitchener Rangers are a junior ice hockey team in the Ontario Hockey League that have called Kitchener, Ontario, Canada their home since 1963. ... OHL All-Star Game 2006 Opening Face Off. ... The Kitchener Memorial Auditorium Complex is an arena in Kitchener, Ontario, Canada. ... The Kitchener Panthers are an amateur mens baseball team operating out of Kitchener, Ontario, Canada, and a founding member of the Intercounty Baseball League (along with Galt, Guelph and Stratord in 1919). ... The Intercounty Baseball League (IBL) is a semi-professional, independent baseball organization located in the Canadian province of Ontario. ... A typical OHL hockey game. ... The Ontario Lacrosse Association, abreviated as OLA, is a sanctioned sports body in Ontario, Canada. ... Drum and bugle corps is a name used to describe two forms of marching units. ... The Tri-City Titans are a mens semi-professional American-rules football team located in Kitchener, Ontario, Canada. ... ‹The template below has been proposed for deletion. ... The Kitchener Memorial Auditorium Complex is an arena in Kitchener, Ontario, Canada. ...

Notable Kitchener Natives and Residents

Raffi Armenian (born June 4, 1942) is a Canadian conductor, pianist, composer, and teacher. ... The Kitchener-Waterloo Symphony is a Canadian orchestra based in the city of Kitchener-Waterloo. ... Don Awrey (born July 18, 1943, in Kitchener, Ontario) is a former professional hockey player, who played 979 career NHL games with the Boston Bruins, St. ... Don Beaupre appearing in goal for the Washington Capitals Donald William Beaupre (born September 19, 1961, in Waterloo, Ontario, Canada) was a professional ice hockey goaltender. ... NHL can also be an abbreviation for National Historic Landmark or Non-Hodgkins lymphoma. ... Ice hockey, known simply as hockey in areas where it is more common than field hockey, is a team sport played on ice. ... Todd Bertuzzi (born 2 February 1975) is a Canadian professional ice hockey player in the National Hockey League (NHL) with the Anaheim Ducks. ... NHL can also be an abbreviation for National Historic Landmark or Non-Hodgkins lymphoma. ... Ice hockey, known simply as hockey in areas where it is more common than field hockey, is a team sport played on ice. ... Greater Sudbury (2001 census population 155,219) is a city in Northern Ontario. ... The Honourable Louis Orville Breithaupt (October 28, 1890 - December 12, 1960), served as the 18th Lieutenant Governor of Ontario from 1952 to 1957. ... This is a list of Lieutenant Governors of the Canadian province of Ontario. ... Mel Brown (born October 7, 1939 in Jackson, Mississippi) is an American blues guitarist. ... Christopher Chalmers (born November 8, 1967 in Kitchener, Ontario) is a former international freestyle swimmer from Canada, who competed at the 1988 Summer Olympics in Seoul, South Korea. ... John Robert Colombo is a Canadian poet, editor and humorist, best known as a writer of reference works and editor of anthologies pertaining to Canadian culture, history and geography. ... Gary Cowan (born 28 October 1938) is a Canadian golfer who has achieved outstanding results at the highest class in amateur competition. ... David Edward Edgar (born May 19, 1987 in Kitchener, Ontario, Canada) is a Canadian football player. ... For the Australian soccer club see Newcastle United (Australia). ... Football is a ball game played between two teams of eleven players, each attempting to win by scoring more goals than their opponent. ... For the Scottish equivalent see Scottish Premier League The FA Premier League (often referred to as the Barclays Premiership in England and the Barclays English Premier League or just simply The EPL internationally) is a league competition for football clubs located at the top of the English football league system... Wayne Erdman (born February 3, 1952 in Kitchener, Ontario) is a retired judoka from Canada, who represented his native country at the 1976 Summer Olympics in Montreal, Canada. ... The Dresden Files is an American television series based on the books by Jim Butcher. ... Helix is a heavy metal band from Canada. ... Heavy metals, in chemistry, are chemical elements of a particular range of atomic weights. ... Jillian Noel Hennessy (born November 25, 1968) is a Canadian actress, known for her television roles on Law & Order and Crossing Jordan. ... Law & Order is a long-running American television police procedural and legal drama set in New York City. ... Crossing Jordan is an American television crime/drama series that aired on NBC. It stars Jill Hennessy as the crime-solving medical examiner, Jordan Cavanaugh. ... Not to be confused with William Lyon Mackenzie, Mackenzie Kings grandfather. ... The Mariposa Folk Festival was founded in Orillia, Ontario, and after being held in various places in Ontario for a few decades, has returned there. ... Lennox Claudius Lewis CBE (born September 2, 1965 in West Ham, London, England) is a retired professional boxer who represented Canada in the Olympics and fought under the British flag as a professional. ... For the American soccer player, see Michael Kraus. ... Ross MacDonald (born January 24, 1965 in Vancouver, British Columbia) is a Canadian sailor. ... This article is about Ross Macdonald, the author. ... Lew Archer is a fictional character created by Ross Macdonald. ... 7 5 Paul MacLeod is a singer-songwriter from Waterloo, Ontario, Canada. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Biography Danny Michel is a singer-songwriter based just outside Guelph, Ontario, Canada. ... Margaret Millar (* 1915 in Kitchener, Ontario, † 1994) was a US-Canadian Mystery and Suspense writer. ... Ross MacDonald (born January 24, 1965 in Vancouver, British Columbia) is a Canadian sailor. ... David Morrell (born 1943 in Kitchener, Ontario, Canada) is the award-winning author of First Blood, the novel in which Rambo was created. ... This article is about the Sylvester Stallone character and films. ... Murray Irwin Norman or Moe Norman (July 10, 1929 – September 4, 2004) was a Canadian professional golfer. ... Carl Arthur Pollock, a native of Kitchener, Ontario graduated from the University of Toronto in electrical engineering. ... Electrohome is perhaps best known as one of Canadas largest manufacturers of television sets in its heyday between 1949 and 1984, and continues to be a popular brand in the Canadian market. ... Jeremy Ratchford (born on 6 August 1965 in Kitchener, Ontario, Canada) is a Canadian actor. ... For other uses, see Cold case (disambiguation). ... Karen Redman, PC (born Karen Longo, January 8, 1953, in Kitchener, Ontario) is a Canadian politician. ... The Liberal Party of Canada (French: ), colloquially known as the Grits (originally Clear Grits), is a Canadian federal political party. ... The House of Commons (French: Chambre des communes) is a component of the Parliament of Canada, along with the Sovereign (represented by the Governor General) and the Senate. ... Kitchener Centre is the name of a federal and a provincial electoral district in Ontario, Canada. ... Paul Reinhart {b. ... NHL can also be an abbreviation for National Historic Landmark or Non-Hodgkins lymphoma. ... Ice hockey, known simply as hockey in areas where it is more common than field hockey, is a team sport played on ice. ... William Jason Jay Reso (born November 30, 1973) is a Canadian-American professional wrestler and actor, better known by his ring name, Christian Cage. ... For the video game, see Pro Wrestling (video game). ... Total Nonstop Action Wrestling (TNA) is an American professional wrestling promotion founded by Jeff Jarrett and his father Jerry Jarrett in May 2002. ... Francis J. (Frank) Selke (May 7, 1893-July 3, 1985) was a noted Canadian hockey manager in the NHL. He began his career in 1907 as manager of the Iroquois Bantams even though he was just 14 years old. ... NHL can also be an abbreviation for National Historic Landmark or Non-Hodgkins lymphoma. ... Milt Schmidt (March 5, 1918 in Kitchener, Ontario) was a Canadian professional ice hockey forward who played for the Boston Bruins on the famous Kraut line with Woody Dumart and Bobby Bauer. ... NHL can also be an abbreviation for National Historic Landmark or Non-Hodgkins lymphoma. ... Ice hockey, known simply as hockey in areas where it is more common than field hockey, is a team sport played on ice. ... Woody Dumart (December 23, 1916 in Kitchener, Ontario - October 19, 2001 was a Canadian professional ice hockey forward who played for the Boston Bruins in the National Hockey League. ... Robert Theodore Bobby Bauer (b. ... The Boston Bruins are a professional ice hockey team based in Boston, Massachusetts. ... This was a NHL Line that was of the Boston Bruins, center Milt Schmidt, left wing Woody Dumart and right winger Bobby Bauer. ... David Victor Sim (born May 17, 1956 in Hamilton, Ontario) is a Canadian comic book writer and artist, best known as the creator of the 6,000 page graphic novel Cerebus the Aardvark. ... A comic book is a magazine or book containing the art form of comics. ... Cerebus the Aardvark, or simply Cerebus (pronounced Sare-uh-buss), is an award-winning independent comic book, written and illustrated by Canadian artist Dave Sim, with backgrounds by fellow Canadian Gerhard. ... Darryl Glen Sittler (born September 18, 1950 in Kitchener, Ontario, Canada), was a professional ice hockey player. ... NHL can also be an abbreviation for National Historic Landmark or Non-Hodgkins lymphoma. ... Ice hockey, known simply as hockey in areas where it is more common than field hockey, is a team sport played on ice. ... Edna Staebler (January 15, 1906 – September 12, 2006) was a Canadian author, best known for a series of cookbooks, Food That Really Schmecks, based on Mennonite home cooking as practiced in the Waterloo Region. ... For other persons named Scott Stevens, see Scott Stevens (disambiguation). ... NHL can also be an abbreviation for National Historic Landmark or Non-Hodgkins lymphoma. ... Ice hockey, known simply as hockey in areas where it is more common than field hockey, is a team sport played on ice. ... Judy Wasylycia-Leis (born August 10, 1951) is a Canadian politician. ... This article is about the Canadian political party. ... The House of Commons (French: Chambre des communes) is a component of the Parliament of Canada, along with the Sovereign (represented by the Governor General) and the Senate. ... Winnipeg North is a Canadian electoral district that covers the northern portion of Winnipeg, Manitoba. ... Peter Mackie was born in Bellshill, Scotland on June 26th, 1965. ... Homer Ranford Watson (January 14, 1855 – May 30, 1936) is a Canadian landscape painter born in 1855 in the village of Doon (now part of Kitchener), Ontario. ... Mike West (born August 31, 1964 in Kitchener, Ontario) is a former backstroke swimmer from Canada, who competed for his native country at the 1984 Summer Olympics in Los Angeles, California. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The term singer-songwriter refers to performers who both write and sing their own material. ... The poor poet A poet is a person who writes poetry. ... Walter Philip Zeller (b. ... Zellers Inc. ...

Location from Kitchener

Destinations from KITCHENER
Wellesley Waterloo, Woolwich
via Conestoga Parkway
Woolwich, Elora, Fergus
Wilmot, Stratford
via Conestoga Parkway
N
W E
S
Woolwich, Guelph
via Highway 7
Woodstock
via Highway 401
North Dumfries, Paris
 
Cambridge
via Highway 8

Map of Waterloo Regional Municipality, Ontario with Wellesley in red. ... , Waterloo, Ontario, Canada is the smallest of the three cities in the Regional Municipality of Waterloo, and is adjacent to the larger city of Kitchener. ... Map of Waterloo Regional Municipality, Ontario with Woolwich in red. ... The Conestoga Parkway is a freeway in Waterloo Region, Ontario, Canada. ... Map of Waterloo Regional Municipality, Ontario with Woolwich in red. ... Elora on the Grand River Elora is a town in Ontario, Canada, with a population of 4,546 (2001 census). ... Fergus ( ) is a town of 10,017 (2006) people located in Centre Wellington, a Township within Wellington County in Ontario, Canada. ... Categories: Canada geography stubs | Ontario communities ... Stratford is a city on the Avon River in Perth County in southwestern Ontario, Canada with a population of 30,461 in 2006. ... The Conestoga Parkway is a freeway in Waterloo Region, Ontario, Canada. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Map of Waterloo Regional Municipality, Ontario with Woolwich in red. ... Nickname: Motto: Faith, Fidelity and Progress Coordinates: , Country Canada Province Ontario County Wellington County City Wards There are 6 Wards Founded April 23, 1827 Incorporated April 23, 1879 Government  - Mayor Karen Farbridge (elected November 2006)  - Governing Body Guelph City Council  - MPs Brenda Chamberlain (LPC)  - MPPs Liz Sandals (OLP) Area  - City... The Kings Highway No. ... Woodstock (2005 population: 34,000) is a city and the county seat of Oxford County in southwestern Ontario, Canada. ... “Macdonald-Cartier” redirects here. ... Map of Waterloo Regional Municipality, Ontario with North Dumfries in red. ... Paris (2006 population, 11,177) is a town on the Grand River in Ontario, Canada. ... For the electoral district, see Cambridge (electoral district). ... Ontario provincial highway 8 is a primary highway (also known as a Kings Highway) in the Canadian province of Ontario. ...

References

  1. ^ Uttley, W.V.: "A History of Kitchener, Ontario", pp.404-406. WLU Press, Waterloo, 1975 (reprint) ISBN 0889200246
  2. ^ Kitchener Public Library Trivia Page
  3. ^ Staff report regarding state of Kitchener's park system

See also

Through the latter half of the 19th century and into the first decade of the 20th, the City of Berlin, Ontario was a bustling industrial centre celebrating its German heritage (see Kitchener, Ontario). ... The City Hall of Kitchener, Ontario, Canada, has gone through many iterations through the 20th century, culminating in the current building, opened in 1993. ... CKCO (operating as CTV Southwestern Ontario since 2005) is a television station based in Kitchener, Ontario, Canada. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Kitchener, Ontario - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (4875 words)
In 1784, the land on which the City of Kitchener would be established was part of a large tract of more than 2400 square kilometres of land, set aside by the British Crown as a grant to the Six Nations Indians for their loyalty to the Crown during the American War of Independence.
Kitchener's rapid growth led to a need to plan for the orderly development of the city, and in 1925 the first City Plan was approved.
While Kitchener suffered during the great depression, the diversification of industry enabled the city to weather the worst years of the Depression era and return to a period of growth as early as 1936.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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