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Encyclopedia > Kitchen Debate

The Kitchen Debate was an impromptu debate (through interpreters) between Vice President Richard Nixon and Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev at the opening of the American National Exhibition in Moscow, on July 24, 1959. For the event, an entire house was built that the American exhibitors claimed anyone in America could afford. It was filled with labor saving and recreational devices meant to represent the fruits of the capitalist American consumer market. Federal courts Supreme Court Chief Justice Associate Justices Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures State Courts Counties, Cities, and Towns Other countries â€¢ Politics Portal      The Vice President of the United States is the first in the presidential line of succession... Richard Milhous Nixon (January 9, 1913 – April 22, 1994) was the 37th President of the United States, serving from 1969 to 1974. ... Motto: Пролетарии всех стран, соединяйтесь! (Transliterated: Proletarii vsekh stran, soedinyaytes!) (Russian: Workers of the world, unite!) Anthem: The Internationale (1922-1944) Hymn of the Soviet Union (1944-1991) Capital (and largest city) Moscow None; Russian de facto Government Federation of Soviet Republics  - Last President Mikhail Gorbachev  - Last Premier Ivan Silayev Establishment October Revolution   - Declared... Nikita Sergeyevich Khrushchev (Russian: ; IPA: ); surname more accurately romanized as Khrushchyov; April 17, 1894 [O.S. April 5]–September 11, 1971) was the leader of the Soviet Union after the death of Joseph Stalin. ... Location Position of Moscow in Europe Government Country District Subdivision Russia Central Federal District Federal City Mayor Yuriy Luzhkov Geographical characteristics Area  - City 1,081 km² Population  - City (2005)    - Density 10,415,400   8537. ... July 24 is the 205th day (206th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 160 days remaining. ... 1959 (MCMLIX) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The debate took place in the house's kitchen. The two men discussed the merits of each of their economic systems, capitalism vs. communism. The event was recorded on color videotape, a new technology pioneered in the U.S., and Nixon made reference to this fact. The debate took place during an escalation of the Cold War, beginning with the launch of Sputnik in 1957, through the U-2 Crisis in 1960. Most Americans believed Nixon won the debate, and hence the event added to his prestige on the homefront[citation needed]. This box:      Capitalism generally refers to an economic system in which the means of production are mostly privately or corporately owned and operated for profit, in which investment is determined by private decision, and in which distribution, production and pricing of goods and services are determined in a largely free... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Bottom view of VHS videotape cassette with magnetic tape exposed Videotape is a means of recording television pictures and accompanying sound onto magnetic tape as opposed to movie film. ... For other uses, please see Cold War (disambiguation). ... Sputnik 1 The Sputnik program was a series of unmanned space missions launched by the Soviet Union in the late 1950s to demonstrate the viability of artificial satellites. ... The U-2 Crisis of 1960 occurred when an American U-2 spy plane was shot down over the Soviet Union. ...


The debate is called "The Kitchen Debate" not only because it took place in a kitchen, but also because Nixon tried to steer the focus of the conversation to household appliances such as the washing machine, rather than bombs or weapons, to prevent showing any potential shortfalls of the United States military in comparison to the Soviet Union. Front-loading washing machine. ...


Khrushchev repeatedly stated that Russian people focus on things that matter rather than luxury. He satirically asked if there was a machine that "puts food into the mouth and pushes it down". Nixon responded by saying at least the competition was technological, rather than military. In the end, both men agreed that the United States and the Soviet Union should be more open with each other. However, Khrushchev was skeptical of Nixon's promise that his part in the debate would be translated into English and broadcast in the U.S.


The kitchen was designed by All-State Properties in Florida. Following the debate the company was inspired to market affordable second homes (selling for between $10,000 and $12,000) from the 9th floor of Macy's in Herald Square in Manhattan. Those houses were called "leisurama". The biggest collection of these houses is at Culloden Point at Montauk, New York. In 2006, those houses (which have often been modified) are selling for more than $500,000[citation needed]. Prefabricated housing is a type of housing that consists of several factory-built units that are assembled on-site to complete the building. ... Macys is a chain of American department stores with its flagship store in Herald Square, New York City, which has been billed as the worlds largest store since completion of the Seventh Avenue addition in 1924. ... Categories: Stub | Manhattan ... The Borough of Manhattan, highlighted in yellow, lies between the East River and the Hudson River. ... One of the more than 200 Leisurama homes at Culloden Point Leisurama was a style of prefabricated housing aimed as affordable second homes that was inspired by the 1959 Kitchen Debate between Nikita Khrushchev and Richard Nixon. ... Photo of from parking lot at the top of the bluff in July 2006. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


External links

  • A condensed version is available at TeachingAmericanHistory.org, a project of the Ashbrook Center for Public Affairs.
  • A more complete version of the text is available at Turner Learning, a division of CNN.
  • The Loss of Early Video Recordings - Article about the missing Kitchen Debate videotape
  • A newsreel covering highlights of the debate (with kinescope image of some of the videotape) at YouTube
Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to:
Kitchen Debate

  Results from FactBites:
 
CNN Cold War - Historical Documents: Khrushchev-Nixon debate (2481 words)
Khrushchev: You are a lawyer for capitalism and I am a lawyer for communism.
In the debate they discussed household items such as color televisions and in the process reviewed differences in ideology and the quality of life in both countries for the average citizen.
If you were in the United States Senate you would be accused of filibustering." [Halting Khrushchev at model kitchen in model house]: "You had a very nice house in your exhibition in New York.
Kitchen Debate at AllExperts (490 words)
The Kitchen Debate was an impromptu debate (through interpreters) between Vice President Richard Nixon and Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev at the opening of the American National Exhibition in Moscow, on July 24, 1959.
The debate is not only called "The Kitchen Debate" because it took place in a kitchen, but also because Nixon tactfully tried to steer the focus to household appliances such as the washing machine, rather than bombs or weapons, to prevent showing any shortfalls of the United States military in comparison to the Soviet Union.
Following the debate the company was inspired to market affordable second homes (selling for between $10,000 and $12,000) from the 9th floor of Macy's in Herald Square in Manhattan.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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