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Encyclopedia > Kirtland, Ohio

Kirtland is a city in Lake County, Ohio, USA. The population was 6,670 at the 2000 census. Lake County is a county located in the state of Ohio. ... Official language(s) None Capital Columbus Largest city Columbus Largest metro area Cleveland Area  Ranked 34th  - Total 44,825 sq mi (116,096 km²)  - Width 220 miles (355 km)  - Length 220 miles (355 km)  - % water 8. ...

Contents

Geography

Location of Kirtland, Ohio

Kirtland is located at 41°36′9″N, 81°20′41″W (41.602581, -81.344706)GR1. Adapted from Wikipedias OH county maps by Catbar. ...


According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 43.3 km² (16.7 mi²). 43.0 km² (16.6 mi²) of it is land and 0.3 km² (0.1 mi²) of it (0.66%) is water. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ...


Kirtland is located south of the lake shore plain of Lake Erie, and is situated on the higher elevations of the Allegheny Plateau. The principal geographic features are the East Branch of the Chagrin River, Pierson's Knob, and Gildersleeve mountain [1], which at 1163 ft msl is the high point, 593 feet above Lake Erie, 6.7 miles to the north west. Lake Erie (pronounced ) is the eleventh largest lake on Earth[2] and, of the five Great Lakes of North America, it is the fourth largest by surface area, the southernmost, shallowest, and smallest by volume. ... The Allegheny Plateau is a large, dissected plateau area in southern New York, western Pennsylvania, West Virginia, and eastern Ohio. ... The Chagrin River in located in northeast Ohio. ... Location in Ohio Gildersleeve Mountain is a geographic feature, summit, located in Kirtland, Ohio, at . Gildersleeve Mountain is the official USGS, name of this feature. ... Lake Erie (pronounced ) is the eleventh largest lake on Earth[2] and, of the five Great Lakes of North America, it is the fourth largest by surface area, the southernmost, shallowest, and smallest by volume. ...


Native vegetation is northern hardwood forest. Hemlock-hardwood forest is found in the higher elevations and along ravines, beach maple forest is predominant in other areas. A few stands of old growth oak-hickory forest can also be found in the city.


Kirtland is located in the snowbelt region of Lake Erie, and has snowfall and weather patterns similar to nearby Chardon. In this area, annual snowfall averages over 100 inches per year [2], and anecdotal evidence indicates seasonal snowfall can exceed 250 inches in some microclimate areas. A snowbelt is a region, many of which lie downwind of the Great Lakes, where heavy snowfall is particularly common. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


Kirtland is primarily a residential community, however, over 20% of the land area is forest preserve or park land. The Holden Arboretum [3] at 3400 acres is the largest of these, but not all of Holden's land is located in Kirtland. Three Lake County Metropolitan Parks, are also found in Kirtland. The largest is Chapin State Forest, at 390 acres, which includes much of Gildersleeve mountain. Also in Kirtland are Penitentiary Glen, and the Lake Farm Park. Lakeland Community College, is also located largely in the City of Kirtland, the campus dominates the northern part of the city. The Holden Arboretum, in Kirtland, Ohio, USA, is one of largest arboretums and botanical gardens in the United States, with over 3,400 acres (14 km²), 600 acres (2. ... Location in Ohio Gildersleeve Mountain is a geographic feature, summit, located in Kirtland, Ohio, at . Gildersleeve Mountain is the official USGS, name of this feature. ...


Demographics

As of the censusGR2 of 2000, there were 6,670 people, 2,445 households, and 1,885 families residing in the city. The population density was 155.1/km² (401.8/mi²). There were 2,558 housing units at an average density of 59.5/km² (154.1/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 98.47% White, 0.27% African American, 0.15% Native American, 0.39% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.03% from other races, and 0.66% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.55% of the population. 1870 US Census for New York City A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... Race, as defined by the United States Census Bureau and the Federal Office of Management and Budget (OMB), is a self-identification data item in which residents choose the race or races with which they most closely identify. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ...


There were 2,445 households out of which 31.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 67.9% were married couples living together, 6.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.9% were non-families. 19.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.65 and the average family size was 3.06. Matrimony redirects here. ...


In the city the population was spread out with 23.7% under the age of 18, 6.2% from 18 to 24, 24.6% from 25 to 44, 30.7% from 45 to 64, and 14.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 97.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.1 males.


The median income for a household in the city was $65,422, and the median income for a family was $76,062. Males had a median income of $51,179 versus $31,179 for females. The per capita income for the city was $32,148. About 1.8% of families and 2.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.7% of those under age 18 and 1.5% of those age 65 or over. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


History

The geologic history of Kirtland, stretches back nearly 300 million years to an epoch when the region was covered by ocean water. The bedrock is a silt shale of the Ohio shale group named Chagrin shale. Just above the Chagrin shale is Cleveland shale, a devonian formation which is an important source of local fossils[4] is overlaid by Bedford shale. Berea sandstone, is the next layer and an important local building material used to construct the Kirtland Temple and other historic buildings. The capstone is Sharon conglomerate, sandstone with imbedded quartz pebbles. About 10,000 years ago glaciers covered all of northern Ohio and the landscape of the region is dominated by the effects of glacial erosion. Disambiguation: Devonian is sometimes used to refer to the Southwestern Brythonic language, and the people of the county of Devon are sometimes referred to as Devonians The Devonian is a geologic period of the Paleozoic era. ... An ammonite fossil Eocene fossil fish of the genus Knightia Petrified wood fossil formed through permineralization. ... The Kirtland Temple is a registered National Historic Landmark in Kirtland, Ohio, USA, on the eastern edge of the Cleveland metropolitan area. ...


After the founding of the United States, northern Ohio, was designated as the Western Reserve and sold to the Connecticut Land Company. The area was first surveyed by Moses Cleaveland and his party in 1796. The Connecticut Western Reserve was land claimed by Connecticut in the Northwest Territory in what is now northeastern Ohio. ... The Connecticut Land Company was formed in the late eighteenth century to survey and encourage settlement in the Connecticut Western Reserve, part of the Old Northwest Territory. ... The City of Cleveland, Ohio was named after Moses Cleaveland, a surveyor of the Connecticut Land Company. ... 1796 was a leap year starting on Friday. ...


Kirtland is named for Jedidiah Kirtland, a principal of the Connecticut Land Company and Judge in Trumbull County the first political entity in Ohio that included Kirtland township. Dr. Jared Kirtland, was the son of the former. Dr. Kirtland helped to found a medical college in nearby Willoughby, and compiled the first ornithology[5] of Ohio. Kirtland's Warbler is named for Jared Kirtland. This rare species has been documented in the city during migration, but does not nest in Ohio. Trumbull County is a county located in the state of Ohio. ... Willoughby is a city located in Lake County, Ohio. ... Binomial name Dendroica kirtlandii (Baird,, 1852) The Kirtlands Warbler, Dendroica kirtlandii, is a small songbird of the New World warbler family. ...


Being less well suited to agriculture, the densely forested, clay soiled, high, hilly, land of Kirtland was settled later than surrounding townships. Mentor in 1798, and Chester in 1802. Kirtland's first European settlers were the John Moore family, soon followed by the Crary family who came to Kirtland in 1811. In 1893 Christopher Crary wrote a memoir of his life in Kirtland, which provided a great deal of material for Ann B. Prusha's 1982 history of Kirtland. 1798 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... --69. ... 1811 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... 1893 (MDCCCXCIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ...

Kirtland Temple
Kirtland Temple

From 1831 to 1838, Kirtland was the headquarters for the Church of Christ (Mormonism). The church would change its name to Church of the Latter Day Saints in 1834, and after leaving Kirtland, to The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (Mormons). The Saints built their first temple there, which is a historic attraction owned and operated by the Community of Christ, a branch of the Latter Day Saint movement. Many attending the Kirtland Temple dedication in 1836 claimed to see multiple heavenly visions and appearances of heavenly beings. For this and other reasons Kirtland remains a place of importance to those of the LDS denomination. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (462x640, 50 KB) (Library of Congress, American Memory Project, http://memory. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (462x640, 50 KB) (Library of Congress, American Memory Project, http://memory. ... Leopold I 1831 (MDCCCXXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... | Jöns Jakob Berzelius, discoverer of protein 1838 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... The Church of Christ was the original name given to the church formally organized by Joseph Smith, Jr. ... The Salt Lake Temple of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints is the largest attraction in the citys Temple Square. ... The term Mormon is a colloquial name, most-often used to refer to members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church). ... The Kirtland Temple is a registered National Historic Landmark in Kirtland, Ohio, USA, on the eastern edge of the Cleveland metropolitan area. ... Community of Christ Temple in Independence, Missouri, USA. Dedicated 1994 RLDS redirects here. ... The term Latter Day Saint most commonly refers to members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, which, its members believe, was founded under the direction of Jesus Christ by the prophet Joseph Smith in 1830. ... The Kirtland Temple is a registered National Historic Landmark in Kirtland, Ohio, USA, on the eastern edge of the Cleveland metropolitan area. ...


After the departure of the Mormons and during the latter part of the 19th century, Kirtland’s population diminished and life was typical of life in the region. Crary recalls the last rattlesnakes[6] being killed on Gildersleeve mountain[7] in the 1830’s. During this period all but a few stands of forest were cleared for agriculture, with corn and apples being the predominant crops. Location in Ohio Gildersleeve Mountain is a geographic feature, summit, located in Kirtland, Ohio, at . Gildersleeve Mountain is the official USGS, name of this feature. ...


In the early 20th century Kirtland School (now Kirtland Elementary) was built to consolidate 3 school houses. One of the old school houses can still be found at the corner of Baldwin and Sperry in Kirtland Hills.


Kirtland saw small changes until after WW 2 when residential subdivisions were put in on farm land and and in second growth forest that had grown over the past 80 years. In 1960 a high school was built and in 1960 Gildersleeve elementary, was built along Chardon Rd. ( U.S. 6 ) to accommodate the increases in enrolment created by new families moving into the community. In 1968 a middle school was completed for grades 6-8. 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1960 calendar). ... 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1960 calendar). ... U.S. Route 6 is a main route of the U.S. Highway system, running North East from Bishop, California to Provincetown, Massachusetts. ...


Also in 1968 the citizens of Kirtland voted in a special election to incorporate the township. James Naughton, was the first mayor of the village, which became a city when the 1970 census showed population exceeded 5000. 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1968 calendar). ... 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1970 calendar). ...


The 1960’s saw an influx and expansion of local businesses. A shopping center was built. This combined the hardware, drug store, grocery, barber shop, plus the local doctor and dentist in one building. By 1965 Interstate 90 was open allowing a quicker trip into Cleveland. 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1965 calendar). ... Interstate 90 (abbreviated I-90) is the longest interstate highway in the United States at nearly 3,100 miles (5,000 kilometers). ...


Kirtland continued to grow in population slowly through the 1970’s and 1980’s but was fully engulfed by sub urban sprawl by 1985. 1985 (MCMLXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


In April of 1989, Jeffrey Lundgren, a religious extremist, coerced some in his cult into murderering a family of five and hiding their bodies in a pit dug inside a barn on Chardon Road (U.S. 6). Those of Lundgren's cult who participated in the murders have been sentenced to life in prison. Lundgren himself was executed on October 24th 2006. 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Jeffrey Don Lundgren (May 3, 1950 - October 24, 2006) was a self-proclaimed prophet, former leader of a cult group, and convicted murderer. ... This article does not discuss cult in its original sense of religious practice; for that usage see Cult (religious practice). ... U.S. Route 6 is a main route of the U.S. Highway system, running North East from Bishop, California to Provincetown, Massachusetts. ... This article does not discuss cult in its original sense of religious practice; for that usage see Cult (religious practice). ... 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


In the 1990's as Kirtland became an increasingly popular tourist destination, the Historic Kirtland area, was created in the Kirtland flats along the East Branch of the Chagrin River. The buildings in this area preserve or replicate structures that were present in the 1830's. Historic Kirtland structures include the Peter French Tavern (replica), Newell K. Whitney Store (original structure), a sawmill (replica), and the Sidney Rigdon home (original structure). This area provides insight into what life was like during the period when Kirtland was the home of Joseph Smith, Brigham Young, and other founders of Mormonism. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Joseph Smith most commonly refers to Joseph Smith, Jr. ... Brigham Young (June 1, 1801 – August 29, 1877) was the second prophet and president of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. ...


In 2003 Schupp’s farm and orchard, on Hobart Road, became inactive leaving Rock’s farm on Chillicothe Road, the only active, for profit, farm in the city. As of 2006 there are is still active cattle and horse farming in the city, and some commercial nursery activity. Sugaring still occurs, with at least 2 active sugar bushes other than the large scale Bicknell Sugar Bush at the Holden Arboretum. 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... The Holden Arboretum, in Kirtland, Ohio, USA, is one of largest arboretums and botanical gardens in the United States, with over 3,400 acres (14 km²), 600 acres (2. ...


Kirtland, has been visited by 2 sitting presidents of the United States. Most recently in April 2005 for a political speech at the Lake Farm Park (misidentified as Lakeland Community College in the president's remarks). 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Points of lnterest

The Herb Society of America is a nonprofit American organization dedicated to promoting the knowledge, use, and delight of herbs. The societys headquarters are located at 9019 Kirtland Chardon Road, Kirtland, Ohio. ... The Holden Arboretum, in Kirtland, Ohio, USA, is one of largest arboretums and botanical gardens in the United States, with over 3,400 acres (14 km²), 600 acres (2. ... The Kirtland Temple is a registered National Historic Landmark in Kirtland, Ohio, USA, on the eastern edge of the Cleveland metropolitan area. ... Location in Ohio Gildersleeve Mountain is a geographic feature, summit, located in Kirtland, Ohio, at . Gildersleeve Mountain is the official USGS, name of this feature. ...

References

  • Prusha, Anne B., A History of Kirtland, Ohio. 1983 Lakeland Community College Press.
  • Rosche, Larry (editor), Birds of the Cleveland Region. 2005 Cleveland Museum of Natural History
  • Other references embedded as external links include: Crary memoir, snowfall data, fossil evidence, USGS place names and locations, text of presidential speech at Lake Farmpark, April 15, 2005.

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Our History - Kirtland (563 words)
Kirtland was the hub for missionary activity from 1831-1837.
The Kirtland Temple, the "House of the Lord," was a significant spiritual and economic resource.
The main floor of the Kirtland Temple was used for various services of worship, and the second floor was a school for the ministry.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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