FACTOID # 8: Bookworms: Vermont has the highest number of high school teachers per capita and third highest number of librarians per capita.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
 
WHAT'S NEW
RELATED ARTICLES
People who viewed "Kirkwall" also viewed:
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Kirkwall
Kirkwall
Scots: Kirkwall
Location
OS grid reference: HY449109
Statistics
Population: 8500 (approx.)
Administration
Council area: Orkney
Constituent country: Scotland
Sovereign state: United Kingdom
Other
Police force: Northern Constabulary
Lieutenancy area: Orkney
Former county: Orkney
Post office and telephone
Post town: KIRKWALL
Postal district: KW15
Dialling code: 01856
Politics
Scottish Parliament: Orkney
UK Parliament: Orkney and Shetland
European Parliament: Scotland
Scotland

Kirkwall is the largest town and capital of the Orkney Islands, off the coast of northern mainland Scotland. The town is first mentioned in the Orkneyinga saga in the year 1046. It was established as the settlement of Rögnvald II, Earl of Orkney, who was killed by his successor, Thorfinn. In 1486 King James III of Scotland elevated Kirkwall to the status of a royal burgh, as is shown by the road signs as you enter Kirkwall, 'The City and Royal Burgh of Kirkwall'. Scots refers to the Anglic varieties spoken in parts of Scotland. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (553x933, 176 KB) Based on Image:Scotland (Location) Template (HR). ... The British national grid reference system is a system of geographic grid references commonly used in Great Britain, different from using latitude or longitude. ... For local government purposes, Scotland is divided into 32 areas designated as Council Areas which are all governed by unitary authorities designated as Councils. They have been in use since April 1, 1996, under the provisions of the Local Government etc. ... Orkney (sometimes known as the Orkney Islands) is an archipelago in northern Scotland, situated 10 miles north of the coast of Caithness. ... Constituent countries is a phrase sometimes used, usually by official institutions, in contexts in which a number of countries make up a larger entity or grouping; thus the OECD has used the phrase in reference to the former Yugoslavia (example here) and European institutions such as the Council of Europe... Motto: (Latin) No one provokes me with impunity1 Anthem: Multiple unofficial anthems Capital Edinburgh Largest city Glasgow Official language(s) English, Gaelic, Scots2 Government  - Queen Queen Elizabeth II  - UK Prime Minister Tony Blair MP  - First Minister Jack McConnell MSP Unification    - by Kenneth I 843  Area    - Total 78,772 km... This is an alphabetical list of the sovereign states of the world, including both de jure and de facto independent states. ... There are a number of policing agencies in the United Kingdom. ... Map showing the council areas of Scotland, with the ones in the police area highlighted. ... The Lieutenancy areas of Scotland are the areas used for the ceremonial lords-lieutenant, the monarchs representatives, in Scotland. ... Orkney (sometimes known as the Orkney Islands) is an archipelago in northern Scotland, situated 10 miles north of the coast of Caithness. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... Orkney (sometimes known as the Orkney Islands) is an archipelago in northern Scotland, situated 10 miles north of the coast of Caithness. ... This is a list of post towns in the United Kingdom, sorted by the postal area (the first part of the outward code of a postcode). ... This is a list of the post towns of the United Kingdom sorted in postcode sequence. ... The UK telephone numbering plan, also known as the National Numbering Plan, is regulated by the Office of Communications (Ofcom), which replaced the Office of Telecommunications (Oftel) in 2003. ... The Scottish Parliament (Holyrood) has 73 constituencies, each electing one Member of the Scottish Parliament (MSP) by the first past the post system of election, and eight additional member regions, each electing seven additional member MSPs. ... Orkney is a constituency of the Scottish Parliament which was created in 1999, at the same time as the parliament. ... Scotland is divided into 59 constituencies of the United Kingdom Parliament - 19 Burgh constituencies and 40 County constituencies. ... Orkney and Shetland is a constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. ... This is a list of Members of the European Parliament for the United Kingdom in the 2004 to 2009 session, ordered by name. ... Scotland constitutes a single constituency of the European Parliament. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Scotland. ... The Orkney Islands, usually called simply Orkney, are one of the 32 council areas of Scotland. ... Motto: (Latin) No one provokes me with impunity1 Anthem: Multiple unofficial anthems Capital Edinburgh Largest city Glasgow Official language(s) English, Gaelic, Scots2 Government  - Queen Queen Elizabeth II  - UK Prime Minister Tony Blair MP  - First Minister Jack McConnell MSP Unification    - by Kenneth I 843  Area    - Total 78,772 km... The Orkneyinga saga (also called the History of the Earls of Orkney) is an unique historical narrative of the history of the Orkney Islands from their capture by the Norwegian king in the 9th century onwards until about 1200 AD. The saga was written around 1200 AD by an unknown... // Events First contact between the Byzantine Empire and the Seljuks. ... Earl of Orkney - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Thorfinn Sigurdson (born around 1009, died 1065) is known to history as Thorfinn the Mighty, as at his height, he controlled as earl all of Orkney and Shetland, the Hebrides, Caithness and Sutherland. ... Events Tízoc, Aztec ruler of Tenochtitlan dies. ... James III of Scotland (1451/ 1452 – June 11, 1488), son of James II and Mary of Gueldres, created Duke of Rothesay at birth, king of Scotland from 1460 to 1488. ... A Royal Burgh is a type of Scottish burgh (town or city), used today for ceremonial purposes only. ...


The name Kirkwall is derived from the Norse name Kirkjuvagr (Church Bay). This was later corrupted to Kirkvoe and then Kirkwaa. English cartographers mistook the latter part waa as the Scots wa meaning wall, hence the town became Kirkwall. Old Norse or Danish tongue is the Germanic language once spoken by the inhabitants of the Nordic countries (for instance during the Viking Age). ... Scots refers to the Anglic varieties spoken in parts of Scotland. ...

Kirkwall Town Hall Exterior
Kirkwall Town Hall Exterior

Situated on the northern coast of Mainland Orkney, Kirkwall is a port with ferry services to Aberdeen and Lerwick, as well as the principal north islands in the group. By present-day Scottish standards, it is a small town, with a population of about 8,500. At the heart of the town stands St Magnus Cathedral, its tower and spire widely visible across both land and sea. It was founded in memory of Saint Magnus Erlendsson, Earl of Orkney 1108-1117 by Earl (later saint) Rögnvald Kali. Next to the Cathedral are the ruins of the former Bishop's Palace and Earl's Palace. The town has two museums: Tankerness House Museum, which is contained within one of Scotland's best-preserved sixteenth century town-houses, contains items of local historical interest. The prehistoric, Pictish and Viking collections are of international importance. The other museum is the small Wireless Museum, dealing with the history of radio and recorded sound. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2592x1944, 2323 KB) Own Personal Photograph, taken August 2006 I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2592x1944, 2323 KB) Own Personal Photograph, taken August 2006 I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... The Mainland is the main island of Orkney, Scotland. ... For other uses, see Aberdeen (disambiguation). ... Location within the British Isles The Market Cross,Central Lerwick Lerwick is the only burgh and main port of the Shetland Islands, found more than 160 km (100 miles) off the north coast of mainland Scotland. ... St Magnus Cathedral, Kirkwall dominates the skyline of Kirkwall, the main town of Orkney, a group of islands off the north coast of Scotland. ... Statue of St. ... Events May - Battle of Ucles Consecration of Chichester cathedral Saint Magnus becomes the first earl of Orkney In Pistoia, Italy, Cathedral of San Zeno burned to the ground. ... Events May 3 - Merton Priory (Thomas Becket school) consecrated. ... Ragnvald Kale Kollson was a Norwegian saint. ... The Bishops Palace, Kirkwall was built at the same time as the adjacent St Magnus Cathedral in the centre of Kirkwall, Orkney was being constructed, and housed the cathedrals first bishop, William the Old of the Norwegian Catholic church who took his authority from the Archbishop of Trondheim. ... The ruins of the Earls Palace, Kirkwall lie near St Magnus Cathedral in the centre of Kirkwall, Orkney. ... (15th century - 16th century - 17th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 16th century was that century which lasted from 1501 to 1600. ... Leinster House, 18th century Dublin townhouse of the Duke of Leinster. ... Prehistory (Greek words προ = before and ιστορία = history) is the period of human history prior to the advent of writing (which marks the beginning of recorded history). ... A replica of the Hilton of Cadboll Stone. ... The term Viking commonly denotes the ship-borne explorers, traders, and warriors of the Norsemen (literally, men from the north) who originated in Scandinavia and raided the coasts of the British Isles, France and other parts of Europe as far east as the Volga River in Russia from the late...


Kirkwall is one of the most attractive and well-preserved small towns in Scotland[citation needed]. Apart from the main historical buildings, mentioned above, there are many 17th-18th century houses and other structures in the local vernacular style. The 'Kirk' of Kirkwall was not the Cathedral (which was originally at Birsay), but the 11th century church of St. Olaf of Norway. One late medieval doorway survives from this church. An aumbry from the original church survives within the late 19th Century structure of the present-day St. Olaf's Church (Episcopal) in the town's Dundas Crescent. Kirkwall also once had a medieval castle (destroyed in the 17th century). Kirk can mean church in general or The Church of Scotland in particular. ... Birsay is a parish in the north west corner of The Mainland of Orkney, Scotland. ... St Olaf can refer to: St. ... The neutrality of this article is disputed. ...


On the west edge of the town, surrounded by Hatston Industrial Estate, is a prehistoric ancient monument, Grain Earth House (Historic Scotland), a short low stone-walled passage deep underground leading to a small pillared chamber. This is the form of earth house or souterrain characteristic of the Northern Isles (though Grain is unusually deep below ground). It was originally connected to a surface dwelling which has since disappeared. The original purpose of these Iron Age structures is unknown. Key for the monument from Ortak Visitor Centre and Factory. Historic Scotland is the Scottish agency looking after historic monuments. ... Souterrain is a name given by archaeologists to a type of underground structure associated with the Atlantic Iron Age. ... The Northern Isles are a chain of islands off the north coast of Scotland. ... Iron Age Axe found on Gotland This article is about the archaeological period known as the Iron Age, for the mythological Iron Age see Iron Age (mythology). ...


One of the main annual events in the town is the Ba Game, held each Christmas Day and New Year's Day between the Uppies and the Doonies; each team representing one half of the town. The Kirkwall Baw Game is one of the main annual events held in the town of Kirkwall, in the Orkney Islands of Great Britain. ... Joseph and Mary with baby Jesus, at the first Christmas Christmas (literally, the Mass of Christ) is a holiday in the Christian calendar, usually observed on December 25, which celebrates the birth of Jesus. ... This article is about January 1 in the Gregorian calendar. ...


Kirkwall also has the most northerly of the English speaking worlds's Carnegie libraries, which was visited and opened by Andrew Carnegie and his wife in the early years of the 20th century. It has been replaced by a new, larger library and archive on Junction Road. A Carnegie library, opened in 1913 in Cincinnati, Ohio, USA, designed in Spanish Colonial style Carnegie libraries for both public use and academic institutions were built with money donated by American businessman Andrew Carnegie, earning him the nickname, the Patron Saint of Libraries. ... Andrew Carnegie (November 25, 1835 – August 11, 1919) was a Scottish-American businessman, a major and widely respected philanthropist, and the founder of the Carnegie Steel Company which later became U.S. Steel. ...

St Magnus Cathedral in Kirkwall
St Magnus Cathedral in Kirkwall

Image File history File links St_Magnus_Cthl_Kirkwall. ... Image File history File links St_Magnus_Cthl_Kirkwall. ...

Parliamentary burgh

Kirkwall was a parliamentary burgh, combined with Dingwall, Dornoch, Tain and Wick in the Northern Burghs constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of Great Britain from 1708 to 1801 and of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1801 to 1918. Cromarty was added to the list in 1832. A burgh constituency is a type of parliamentary constituency in Scotland. ... See Dingwall (name) for the Scottish family name. ... Location within the British Isles The Royal Burgh of Dornoch is a burgh and seaside resort in Sutherland, Highland, on the east coast of the Scottish Highlands, and the north shore of the Dornoch Firth. ... Tain is a royal burgh in the committee area of Ross and Cromarty, in the Highland area of Scotland. ... Location within the British Isles Wick is an estuary town in Caithness, in the Highland area of Scotland, on the main highway (the A99-A9 road) linking John O Groats with southern Britain. ... Northern Burghs, known also as Wick District and Wick Burghs, was a constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of Great Britain from 1708 to 1801 and of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1801 to 1918. ... A constituency is any cohesive corporate unit or body bound by shared structures, goals or loyalty. ... The House of Commons is the lower house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. ... The Parliament of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is the supreme legislative institution in the United Kingdom and British overseas territories (it alone has parliamentary sovereignty). ... The Houses of Parliament, seen over Westminster Bridge The Parliament of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is the supreme legislative body in the United Kingdom and British overseas territories. ... Location within the British Isles The Royal Burgh of Cromarty (Cromba in Gaelic) is a burgh in Ross and Cromarty, Highland, Scotland. ...


The constituency was a district of burghs known also as Tain Burghs until 1832, and then as Wick Burghs. It was represented by one Member of Parliament. In 1918 the constituency was abolished and the Kirkwall component was merged into the county constituency of Orkney and Shetland. The Act of Union 1707 and pre-Union Scottish legislation provided for 14 Members of Parliament from Scotland to be elected from districts of Burghs. ... Tain Burghs, was a constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of Great Britain from 1708 to 1801 and of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1801 to 1832, sometimes known as Northern Burghs. ... Wick Burghs, was sometimes known as Northern Burghs. ... A Member of Parliament, or MP, is a representative elected by the voters to a parliament. ... A County constituency is a constituency in the United Kingdom that covers a predominantly rural area. ... Orkney and Shetland is a constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. ...


External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Orkneyjar - The Royal Burgh of Kirkwall (1019 words)
Kirkwall is first recorded in the Orkneyinga Saga and the town itself probably dates from at least the eleventh century.
Then Kirkwall was merely a cluster of dwellings around the natural harbour formed by the Peerie Sea and the sand bar known as the Ayre.
The Burgh was the older, northerly section of Kirkwall, the Laverock being the land surrounding the cathedral and under the control of the Bishop.
Kirkwall Feature Page on Undiscovered Scotland (1012 words)
Kirkwall seems more a Scandinavian town than a Scottish one, and for a large part of its history it was one.
In 1468 Orkney was acquired by James III for Scotland and by 1540 Kirkwall was the administrative centre for both Orkney and Shetland.
Kirkwall is also the terminal for many of the ferries to Orkney's north isles.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m