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Encyclopedia > Kinship

Kinship is the most basic principle of organizing individuals into social groups, roles, and categories. It was originally thought to be determined by biological descent, a view that was challenged by David Schneider in his work on Symbolic Kinship (1984, A Critique of The Study of Kinship). The crux of his argument was that anthropologists had founded the domain of “kinship” on the notions of human reproduction and the biologically defined relatedness of their own Euro-American culture. Human reproduction and notions of biological relatedness cannot be presumed to elsewhere structure people’s social relationships.


The word kinship can refer more broadly to any emotional relationship. This can also refer to ideas which are mathematically related. Emotion, in its most general definition, is a neural impulse that moves an organism to action, prompting automatic reactive behavior that has been adapted through evolution as a survival mechanism to meet a survival need. ... An idea (Greek: ιδέα) is a specific concept which arises in the mind as a result of thought. ... In mathematics, a finitary relation is defined by one of the formal definitions given below. ...


In its most general sense, kinship can be used in reference to similarity; for instance, a car is akin to a truck. In some cultures, the formal establishment of kinship involves various customs and obligations. A small variety of cars, the most popular kind of automobile. ... The driver of this DAF tractor with an auto-transport semi-trailer prepares to offload Skoda Octavia cars in Cardiff, Wales For other meanings, see Truck (disambiguation). ... The word culture, from the Latin colo, -ere, with its root meaning to cultivate, generally refers to patterns of human activity and the symbolic structures that give such activity significance. ... Custom has a number of meanings: A custom is a common practice among a group of people, especially depending on country, culture, time, and religion. ... An obligation can be legal or moral. ...


Anthropologists have studied different systems of kinship in a wide variety of cultures; see family. Anthropology (from the Greek word άνθρωπος, human or person) consists of the study of humanity (see genus Homo). ... A family of Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso in 1997 A family is a domestic group of people, or a number of domestic groups, typically affiliated by birth or marriage, or by comparable legal relationships including domestic partnership, adoption, surname and in some cases ownership (as was the case in the Roman...


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  Results from FactBites:
 
Kinship Care - Adoption Encyclopedia (716 words)
Kinship arrangements are likely to involve caregivers who are older, in poor health, have less education and are poorer than nonrelative foster parents.
In addition, critics argue that kinship care providers are not as thoroughly screened by state social workers as are nonrelative foster parents, nor are the children's cases monitored as closely.
According to CQ Researcher, because of problems with kinship care some states have established a "subsidized guardianship" arrangement, wherein the relative receives a monthly subsidy and is established as the child's legal guardian.
Kinship - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (200 words)
Kinship is the most basic principle of organizing individuals into social groups, roles, and categories.
It was originally thought to be determined by biological descent, a view that was challenged by David Schneider in his work on Symbolic Kinship (1984, A Critique of The Study of Kinship).
The crux of his argument was that anthropologists had founded the domain of “kinship” on the notions of human reproduction and the biologically defined relatedness of their own Euro-American culture.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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