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Encyclopedia > Kinmen
Kinmen County
金門縣
Abbreviation(s): Kinmen (金門)
Capital Jincheng
Region Southern Fujian
County Magistrate Lee Chu-feng (李炷烽)
Cities n/a
Townships 6
Area
- Total 153.056 km²
(20 of 25)
- % water 0 %
Population
- Total 74,278
(24 of 25)
- Density 485.30/km²
Symbols
- County flower Four-season orchid
- County tree Cotton tree
- County bird n/a
Official websites [1]

Kinmen (Traditional Chinese: 金門; Hanyu Pinyin: Jīnmén; Tongyong Pinyin: Jinmén; Wade-Giles: Chin-men; POJ: Kim-mn̂g; also romanized Quemoy from Southern Min (in early Spanish romanization); literally "Golden Door" or "Golden Gate"), located at 24.44N, 118.33E, is a small archipelago of several islands administered by the Republic of China (ROC) government on Taiwan: Greater Quemoy (大金門), Lesser Quemoy (小金門), and some islets. Administratively, it is Kinmen County of Fujian (Fuchien) province. The county is claimed as part of Fujian's Quanzhou Prefecture by the People's Republic of China. Some islands of other counties, such as Wuciou, were transferred to the jurisdiction of Kinmen County by the ROC government following its retreat to Taiwan. Matsu is the other set of islands on the Fujian coast controlled by the ROC. From govt website. ... Image File history File links ROC_Quemoy. ... Jincheng is a prefecture-level city with more than 100,000 inhabitants in Shanxi province of the Peoples Republic of China. ... The following is a list of counties and cities under the jurisdiction of the Republic of China (Taiwan) ranked by area. ... The following is a list of counties and cities under the jurisdiction of the Republic of China (Taiwan) ranked by population. ... Species See text Cymbidium Swartz 1799, is a genus of 52 evergreen species in the orchid family Orchidaceae, subfamily Epidendroideae, tribe Cymbidieae, subtribe Cyrtopodiinae. ... Species About 10-20 species, including: Ceiba aesculifolia Ceiba glaziovii Ceiba insignis Ceiba pentandra Ceiba speciosa Ceiba trichistandra Ceiba is the name of a genus of many species of large trees found in tropical areas, including Central and South America, The Bahamas,the Caribbean, West Africa, and Southeast Asia. ... Traditional Chinese characters are one of two standard character sets. ... Pinyin (拼音, Pīnyīn) literally means join (together) sounds (a less literal translation being phoneticize, spell or transcription) in Chinese and usually refers to Hànyǔ Pīnyīn (汉语拼音, literal meaning: Han language pinyin), which is a system of... Tongyong Pinyin (Chinese: ; pinyin: Tōngyòng pÄ«nyÄ«n; literally Universal/General Usage Sound-combining) is the current official romanization of the Chinese language adopted by the national government (although not all local governments) of the Republic of China (Taiwan) since 2002. ... Wade-Giles, sometimes abbreviated Wade, is a Romanization (phonetic notation and transliteration) system for the Chinese language based on Mandarin. ... See alternative meanings for other possible definitions. ... Min Nan, Minnan, or Min-nan (Simplified Chinese: , Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: MǐnnányÇ”; POJ: Bân-lâm-gú; Southern Min or Southern Fujian language) is the Chinese language/dialect spoken in southern Fujian province, China and neighboring areas, and by descendants of emigrants from these areas in diaspora. ... The Mergui Archipelago An archipelago is a landform which consists of a chain or cluster of islands. ... Motto: None Anthem(s): National Anthem of the Republic of China Capital Taipei City (de facto) Nanjing (de jure)1 Largest city Taipei City Official language(s) Mandarin (GuóyÇ”) Government Semi-presidential system  - President Chen Shui-bian  - Vice President Annette Lu  - Premier Su Tseng-chang Establishment Xinhai Revolution   - Declared... Lesser Quemoy is one of the islands of the Quemoy (Kinmen) group. ... Mōkōlea Rock in Kailua Bay, O‘ahu, Hawai‘i, 2. ... (Chinese: 福建; Pinyin: Fújiàn; Wade-Giles: Fu-chien; Postal System Pinyin: Fukien, Foukien; local transliteration Hokkien from Min Nan Hok-kiàn) is one of the provinces on the southeast coast of China. ... (Chinese: 福建; Pinyin: Fújiàn; Wade-Giles: Fu-chien; Postal System Pinyin: Fukien, Foukien; local transliteration Hokkien from Min Nan Hok-kiàn) is one of the provinces on the southeast coast of China. ... The characters 泉州 are also used for SenshÅ«, an alternate name for the former Japanese province of Izumi. ... The Taiwan Strait. ... Combatants Chinese Nationalists Chinese Communists Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Mao Zedong Strength 4,300,000 (July 1946) 3,650,000 (June 1948) 1,490,000 (June 1949) 1,200,000 (July 1946) 2,800,000 (June 1948) 4,000,000 (June 1949) The Chinese Civil War (Traditional Chinese: , Simplified Chinese... The Matsu Islands (馬祖列島 or less frequently, 馬祖群島 Pinyin: MÇŽzÇ”) are a minor archipelago of 19 islands and islets in the Taiwan Strait administered as Lienchiang County (連江 Pinyin: Liánjiāng), Fukien Province of the Republic of China (ROC, now based on Taiwan). ...



Many of the inhabitants speak the Southern Min language. Due to their previous political isolation, most residents will say they speak "Kinmenese", as opposed to what is universally reffered to as Taiwanese spoken in Taiwan, though the differences are arbitrary and the two "languages" are mutually intelligable. Quemoy is geographically very near Xiamen (also known as Amoy). Min Nan, Minnan, or Min-nan (Simplified Chinese: , Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: Mǐnnányǔ; POJ: Bân-lâm-gú; Southern Min or Southern Fujian language) is the Chinese language/dialect spoken in southern Fujian province, China and neighboring areas, and by descendants of emigrants from these areas in diaspora. ... View of Xiamen Xiamen (Simplified Chinese: 厦门; Traditional Chinese: 廈門; Pinyin: Xiàmén; Wade-Giles: Hsiamen) is a coastal sub-provincial city in southeastern Fujian province, Peoples Republic of China. ...

The Jüguang ("Brightness of Jü") Tower is a famous Kinmen landmark.
The Jüguang ("Brightness of Jü") Tower is a famous Kinmen landmark.

Contents

Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (960x1280, 569 KB) 金門縣的莒光樓 阿仁(seasurfer)拍攝 時間:2005年7月6日 Ju Guang Lou, taken by seasurfer on 6. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (960x1280, 569 KB) 金門縣的莒光樓 阿仁(seasurfer)拍攝 時間:2005年7月6日 Ju Guang Lou, taken by seasurfer on 6. ...

History

As part of Fuchien, Kinmen was not colonised by Japan, as the island of Taiwan and the Pescadores were. The Pescadores Islands (Chinese: 澎湖群島; Wade-Giles: Peng-hu; Pinyin: Pénghú, from Portuguese, fishermen) are an archipelago in the Taiwan Strait. ...


The island was the site of extensive shelling between PRC and ROC forces in the 1950s and 1960s and was a major issue in the 1960 United States Presidential Election between Kennedy and Nixon. In the 1950s, the United States threatened to use nuclear weapons against the PRC, if it attacked the island. See List of battles over Quemoy. The 1950s was the decade spanning the years 1950 to 1959. ... The 1960s decade refers to the years from 1960 to 1969, inclusive. ... Presidential electoral votes by state. ... John Fitzgerald Kennedy (May 29, 1917–November 22, 1963), also referred to as John F. Kennedy, JFK, John Kennedy, or Jack Kennedy, was the 35th President of the United States. ... Richard Milhous Nixon (January 9, 1913 – April 22, 1994) was the 37th President of the United States, serving from 1969 to 1974. ... The mushroom cloud of the atomic bombing of Nagasaki, Japan, 1945, rose some 18 km (11 mi) above the epicenter. ... As one of the front line islands between the Republic of China and the Peoples Republic of China, ROC-occupied Quemoy has seen many battles and tensions between the two throughout the Cold War. ...

Jincheng is the county seat of Kinmen.
Jincheng is the county seat of Kinmen.

The island was a military preserve until the mid-1990s when it was returned to civilian government and travel to and from Taiwan was allowed. However, it is still recognized as a national park. Because of its military situation, development on Quemoy was extremely limited and it is now a popular weekend tourist destination for Taiwanese and is known for its quiet villages, old-style architechture, and beaches. Due to extensive shelling campaigns between the PRC and ROC, Kinmen is famous for it's "Artillery Shell Knives". The residents would collect the vast ammounts of exploded ordinance and make knives which were once highly sought after (if only for it's quaintness) by Taiwanese tourists. Kinmen is also home of the locally famous KinMen GaoLiang liquor, a tequilla-like liquor which is readily consumed by the Taiwanese. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1280x960, 585 KB) 金城鎮的鎮景 阿仁(seasurfer)拍攝 時間:2005年7月6日 Jin Cheng Zhen town view, taken by seasurfer on 6. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1280x960, 585 KB) 金城鎮的鎮景 阿仁(seasurfer)拍攝 時間:2005年7月6日 Jin Cheng Zhen town view, taken by seasurfer on 6. ... See also 1990s, the band The 1990s decade refers to the years from 1990 to 1999, inclusive, sometimes informally including popular culture from the late 1980s and shortly after the year 2000. ...


Direct travel between mainland China and Kinmen was opened in 2002, and there has been extensive tourism development on the island in anticipation of Mainland tourists. Direct travel was suspended in 2003 as a result of the SARS outbreak, but has since resumed. Many Taiwanese business-persons use this link to enter the Mainland as it is seen as cheaper and easier then entering through Hong Kong. The island has thus experienced a sort of real estate boom as business-persons relocate to the island for easy access to the vast markets of China. The highlighted area in the map is what is commonly known as mainland China. Mainland China (Simplified Chinese: 中国大陆; Traditional Chinese: 中國大陸; pinyin: Zhōnggúo Dàlù; literally The Chinese Massive Landmass or Continental China) is an informal (disputed — see talk page) geographical term which is usually synonymous with the area... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Sars may refer to any of the following: Severe acute respiratory syndrome, commonly abbreviated as SARS Michael Sars, a Norwegian biologist, father of Georg Sars Georg Sars, a Norwegian biologist, son of Michael Sars Special Administrative Regions, commonly abbreviated as SARs Sars, Perm Krai, an urban settlement in Perm Krai...


Politics

The island consistently votes for the pan-blue coalition. Until the early 1990s, proponents of Taiwan independence argued that they would consider handing Quemoy to the PRC in any negotiated settlement. This did not sit well with residents, and the Democratic Progressive Party has sharply backed away from that position to the extent that it added Quemoy and the other small islands to its party flag which contains a map of Taiwan. The Pan-Blue Coalition (Traditional Chinese: 泛藍聯盟; Simplified Chinese: 泛蓝联盟; Hanyu Pinyin: ), or Pan-Blue Force (Traditional Chinese: 泛藍軍; Simplified Chinese: 泛蓝军; Hanyu Pinyin: ), is a political coalition in Taiwan, consisting of the Kuomintang (KMT), the People First Party (PFP), and the smaller New Party (CNP). ... Taiwan independence (Traditional Chinese: 台灣獨立; Pinyin: , Pe̍h-oē-jī: Tâi-oân To̍k-li̍p; abbreviated to 台獨, Táidú, Tâi-to̍k) is a political movement whose goal is primarily to create an independent and sovereign Republic of Taiwan (out of the lands currently administered by the... The Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) (Traditional Chinese: 民主進步黨; Simplified Chinese: 民主进步党; abbrev. ...


Due to its proximity to Mainland China, status concerning nationality for the residents of Kinmen is still a controversial topic. Though all residents possess R.O.C. (Taiwan) passports, it states their place of birth as FuJian (a province of the PRC). Additionlly, prior to the official opening of "cross-straight" travel through Kinmen, Kinmenese (and only Kinmenese) were openly able to take ferries between the island and the Chinese city of XiaMen.


Townships

The calligraphy of Chiang Kai-shek etched on a stone in Kinmen states, "forget not that you're in Jü" as an analogy to the Warring States Period where the State of Qi, cornered to the City of Ju, successfully counterattacked and retook his country from the State of Yan. Other slogans alluding to "retaking the mainland" can still be found in Kinmen.
The calligraphy of Chiang Kai-shek etched on a stone in Kinmen states, "forget not that you're in Jü" as an analogy to the Warring States Period where the State of Qi, cornered to the City of Ju, successfully counterattacked and retook his country from the State of Yan. Other slogans alluding to "retaking the mainland" can still be found in Kinmen.

Kinmen County is subdivided into six townships: Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (960x1280, 609 KB) 蔣中正的毋忘在莒石碑 金門縣的莒光樓 阿仁(seasurfer)拍攝 時間:2005å¹´7月6æ—¥ Wu Wang Zai Ju stone written by Chiang Kai Sek, taken by seasurfer on 6. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (960x1280, 609 KB) 蔣中正的毋忘在莒石碑 金門縣的莒光樓 阿仁(seasurfer)拍攝 時間:2005å¹´7月6æ—¥ Wu Wang Zai Ju stone written by Chiang Kai Sek, taken by seasurfer on 6. ... Chiang Kai-shek (October 31, 1887 – April 5, 1975) was a Chinese military and political leader who assumed the leadership of the Kuomintang (KMT) after the 1925 death of Sun Yat-sen. ... Alternative meaning: Warring States Period (Japan) The Warring States Period (Traditional Chinese: 戰國時代; Simplified Chinese: 战国时代; Pinyin: Zhànguó Shídài) covers the period from sometime in the 5th century BC to the unification of China by the Qin in 221 BC. It is nominally considered to be the second part... State of Qi (small seal script, 220 BC) See Qi (disambiguation) for other meanings of Qi. Qi (齊; pinyin: qi2) was a relatively powerful state during the Spring and Autumn Period and Period of the Warring States. ... Ju is: the abbreviation for the Canton of Jura, in Switzerland an ancient political division of Korea. ... State of Yan (small seal script, 220 BC) Yan (pinyin: yan1, simplified Chinese/traditional Chinese: 燕) was a state during the Western Zhou, Spring and Autumn and Warring States Periods in China. ... The Townships of Taiwan are administrative subdivisions of Taiwan counties. ...

Hanzi Hanyu Pinyin Wade-Giles Tongyong Pinyin English meaning
金城鎮 Jīnchéng Chin-ch'eng Jīnchéng Golden City
金沙鎮 Jīnshā Chin-sha Jinsha Golden Sand
金湖鎮 Jīnhú Chin-hu Jinhú Golden Lake
金寧鄉 Jīnníng Chin-ning Jinníng Golden Tranquility
烈嶼鄉 Lièyǔ Lie-yü Lièyǔ Heroic Islets
烏坵鄉 Wūqiū Wu-ch'iu Wuciou Black Mound


All those townships on Greater Quemoy Island start their names with Jin ("gold"). Lieyu Township encompasses the entire Lesser Quemoy Island, and is closest to Xiamen. Wuciou Township is comprised of Greater Ciou Islet (大坵) and Lesser Ciou Islet (小坵). Technical note: Due to technical limitations, some web browsers may not display some special characters in this article. ... Pinyin (拼音, Pīnyīn) literally means join (together) sounds (a less literal translation being phoneticize, spell or transcription) in Chinese and usually refers to Hànyǔ Pīnyīn (汉语拼音, literal meaning: Han language pinyin), which is a system of... Wade-Giles, sometimes abbreviated Wade, is a Romanization (phonetic notation and transliteration) system for the Chinese language based on Mandarin. ... Tongyong Pinyin (Chinese: ; pinyin: Tōngyòng pÄ«nyÄ«n; literally Universal/General Usage Sound-combining) is the current official romanization of the Chinese language adopted by the national government (although not all local governments) of the Republic of China (Taiwan) since 2002. ... View of Xiamen Xiamen (Simplified Chinese: 厦门; Traditional Chinese: 廈門; Pinyin: Xiàmén; Wade-Giles: Hsiamen) is a coastal sub-provincial city in southeastern Fujian province, Peoples Republic of China. ... The Taiwan Strait. ...


Jincheng and Jinsha are the largest of the six counties. Altogether, there are 37 Quemoy villages, Three of which -- all in Jhen (鎮, Zhen) -- are Li-village (里), the rest are Cun-villages (村).


See also: Political divisions of the Republic of China
The Republic of China (ROC) currently administers two historical provinces of China (one completely and one for a small part) and centrally administers two municipalities: Taiwan Province; consists of the island of Taiwan, except the two municipalities, plus Penghu county (Pescadores Islands) and a number of outlying islands Sixteen counties...


See also

This page contains Chinese text.
Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Chinese characters.

Image File history File links Zhongwen. ... Chinese (written) language (pinyin: zhōngw n) written in Chinese characters The Chinese language (汉语/漢語, 华语/華語, or 中文; Pinyin: H nyǔ, Hu yǔ, or Zhōngw n) is a member of the Sino-Tibetan family of languages. ... The Republic of China (ROC) currently administers two historical provinces of China (one completely and one for a small part) and centrally administers two municipalities: Taiwan Province; consists of the island of Taiwan, except the two municipalities, plus Penghu county (Pescadores Islands) and a number of outlying islands Sixteen counties... The Townships of Taiwan are administrative subdivisions of Taiwan counties. ... This is an alphabetical list of cities in the Republic of China (Taiwan). ... Motto: None Anthem(s): National Anthem of the Republic of China Capital Taipei City (de facto) Nanjing (de jure)1 Largest city Taipei City Official language(s) Mandarin (GuóyÇ”) Government Semi-presidential system  - President Chen Shui-bian  - Vice President Annette Lu  - Premier Su Tseng-chang Establishment Xinhai Revolution   - Declared...

External links

Find more information on Kinmen by searching Wikipedia's sister projects:

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 News stories from Wikinews Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Image File history File links Wikibooks-logo. ... Image File history File links Wikiquote-logo. ... Image File history File links Wikisource-logo. ... Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Image File history File links Wikinews-logo. ...

Kinmen travel guide from Wikitravel Wikitravel is a project to create an open content, complete, up-to-date, and reliable world-wide travel guide. ...


Administrative divisions of the Republic of China Flag of the Republic of China
Provinces (streamlined): Taiwan Province | Fuchien Province
Central Municipalities: Kaohsiung City | Taipei City
Counties (Taiwan Province): Changhua County | Chiayi County | Hsinchu County | Hualien County | Kaohsiung County | Miaoli County | Nantou County | Penghu County | Pingtung County | Taichung County | Tainan County | Taipei County | Taitung County | Taoyuan County | Yilan County | Yunlin County
Counties (Fuchien Province): Kinmen County | Lienchiang County
Provincial Cities (Taiwan Province): Chiayi City | Hsinchu City | Keelung City | Taichung City | Tainan City

  Results from FactBites:
 
Wikipedia search result (769 words)
Administratively, it is Kinmen County of Fujian (Fuchien) province.
As part of Fuchien, Kinmen was not colonised by Japan, as the island of Taiwan and the Pescadores were.
The calligraphy of Chiang Kai-shek etched on a stone in Kinmen states, "forget not that you're in Jü" as an analogy to the Warring States Period where the State of Qi, cornered to the City of Ju, successfully counterattacked and retook his country from the State of Yan.
Jerome F. Keating's writings (1084 words)
The name Kinmen (golden gate) comes from when Ming fortifications against marauding pirates were built in 1387, a foreshadowing that war and battles would leave a defining mark on the island.
Though soldiers in fatigues are seen in the airport and occasionally on the streets, the ROC military presence is not as noticeable as it was twenty to thirty years ago and certainly not as it was in the 1950s and 60s when over 50,000 troops were stationed on the island.
Kinmen has seen a more favorable side of the KMT which was protecting it from the CCP.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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