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Encyclopedia > Kingston, Jamaica
Kingston and St. Andrew Corporation
Downtown Kingston and the Port of Kingston.
Downtown Kingston and the Port of Kingston.
Motto: A City Which Hath Foundations
Location of Kingston shown within Jamaica
Coordinates: 17°59′N 76°48′W / 17.983, -76.8
Country Flag of Jamaica Jamaica
County Surrey
Parish Kingston
St. Andrew
Established 1693
Government
 - Mayor Desmond McKenzie
Area
 - Total 453 km² (174.9 sq mi)
Elevation 9 m (30 ft)
Population (2001)
 - Total 651,880
 - Density 1,439/km² (3,727/sq mi)
 - Kingston Parish 96,052
 - St. Andrew Parish 555,828
Time zone EST (UTC-5)

The City of Kingston is the capital and largest city of Jamaica and is located on the southeastern coast of the island country. It faces a natural harbour protected by the Palisadoes, a long sand spit which connects Port Royal and the Norman Manley International Airport to the rest of the island. In the Western Hemisphere, Kingston is the largest predominantly English-speaking city south of the United States, with a population of 651,880 (2001 census).[1] For other uses, see Motto (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Kingston. ... This list of countries, arranged alphabetically, gives an overview of countries of the world. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Jamaica. ... A county is generally a sub-unit of regional self-government within a sovereign jurisdiction. ... Surrey is the easternmost of the three counties into which Jamaica is divided. ... Jamaica is divided into fourteen parishes (capitals in parentheses)- Clarendon Parish (May Pen) Hanover Parish (Lucea) Kingston Parish (Kingston) Manchester Parish (Mandeville) Portland Parish (Port Antonio) Saint Andrew Parish (Half Way Tree) Saint Ann Parish (Saint Anns Bay) Saint Catherine Parish (Spanish Town) Saint Elizabeth Parish (Black River) Saint... Kingston is a parish of Jamaica. ... Saint Andrew (capital Half Way Tree) is a parish, situated in the south east of Jamaica in the county of Surrey. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... Metronome, a public art installation showing the time in New York City The Eastern Time Zone (ET) of the Western Hemisphere falls mostly along the east coast of Northern America and the west coast of South America. ... -12 | -11 | -10 | -9:30 | -9 | -8 | -7 | -6 | -5 | -4 | -3:30 | -3 | -2:30 | -2 | -1 | -0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Not to be confused with capitol. ... For other uses, see Harbor (disambiguation). ... Palisadoes (word apparently of Portuguese origin) is the thin spit of sand that serves as a natural protection for the harbor of Kingston, Jamaica. ... A spit is a deposition landform found off coasts. ... Port-Royal was a Cistercian convent in Magny-les-Hameaux, in the Vallée de Chevreuse southwest of Paris that launched a number of culturally important institutions. ... , Norman Manley International Airport (IATA: KIN, ICAO: MKJP), formerly Palisadoes Airport, is an airport serving Kingston in Jamaica. ... The geographical western hemisphere of Earth, highlighted in yellow. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ...


The local government bodies of the parishes of Kingston and St. Andrew were amalgamated by the Kingston and St. Andrew Corporation Act of 1923, to form the Kingston and St. Andrew Corporation (KSAC). Greater Kingston, or the "Corporate Area" refers to the KSAC; however, it does not solely refer to Kingston Parish, which only consists of the old downtown and Port Royal. Kingston Parish had a population of 96,052, and St. Andrew had a population of 555,828 in 2001.[1] Saint Andrew (capital Half Way Tree) is a parish, situated in the south east of Jamaica in the county of Surrey. ... Kingston is a parish of Jamaica. ...


Even though Greater Kingston properly refers to the entire area of the parishes of Kingston and St. Andrew, it should be noted that the significant rural areas of St. Andrew are not referred to as Kingston by Jamaicans. The area commonly referred to as Kingston is bounded by Six Miles to the west, Stony Hill to the north, Papine to the northeast and Harbour View to the east. Communities in rural St. Andrew such as Gordon Town, Mavis Bank, Lawrence Tavern, Mt. Airy and Bull Bay would not be described as being in Kingston.


Two parts make up the central area of Kingston: the historic but troubled Downtown, and New Kingston. Several reggae stars, including Buju Banton, Sean Paul, Bounty Killer, and Beenie Man, hail from Kingston. Attractions include the nearby Hellshire and Lime Cay beaches, the National Gallery of Jamaica, the ruins of Port Royal, and Devon House, a mansion with adjoining park that once belonged to Jamaica's first black millionaire. Several annual and well-visited festivals are held in Kingston. Buju Banton (born Mark Anthony Myrie on July 15, 1973) is a Jamaican dancehall, ragga, and reggae musician. ... This article is about the Jamaican reggae artist. ... Bounty Killer (born Rodney Basil Price June 12, 1972 in Kingston, Jamaica) is a Jamaican reggae and dancehall deejay, known for his hard work in combating poverty and helping new artists. ... Beenie Man (born Anthony Moses Davis August 22, 1973 in Kingston, Jamaica), is among the most popular reggae entertainers and is a well established dancehall artist. ... Hellshire Beach, Jamaica, is located near Portmore, and famed for its fried fish and safe swimming. ... The National Gallery of Jamaica, in Kingston, Jamaica, is Jamaicas prime and most important art collection, housed at a part of Kingston called Kingston Mall. ...


Kingston is served by Norman Manley International Airport and also by the smaller and primarily domestic Tinson Pen Aerodrome. , Norman Manley International Airport (IATA: KIN, ICAO: MKJP), formerly Palisadoes Airport, is an airport serving Kingston in Jamaica. ... Tinson Pen Aerodrome (IATA: KTP, ICAO: MKTP) in Kingston, Jamaica is the largest of Jamaicas four domestic airports. ...

Contents

History

Bird's eye view of Kingston after the 1907 earthquake.
Bird's eye view of Kingston after the 1907 earthquake.

Kingston was founded on July 22, 1692, as a place for refugees for survivors of the 1692 earthquake that destroyed Port Royal. Before the earthquake, Kingston’s functions were purely agricultural. The earthquake survivors set up a refugee camp on the sea front. Approximately two thousand people died due to mosquito borne diseases. Initially the refugees lived in a tented camp on Colonel Barry's Hog Crawle. The town did not begin to grow until after the further destruction of Port Royal by the Nick Catania Pirate Fleet's fire in 1703. Surveyor John Goffe drew up a plan for the town based on a grid bounded by North, East, West and Harbour Streets. By 1716 it had become the largest town and the centre of trade for Jamaica. The government sold land to people with the regulation that they would purchase no more than the amount of the land that they owned in Port Royal, and only land on the sea front. Gradually wealthy merchants began to move their residences from above their businesses to the farm lands to the north on the plains of Liguanea. This article is about the natural seismic phenomenon. ... Port-Royal was a Cistercian convent in Magny-les-Hameaux, in the Vallée de Chevreuse southwest of Paris that launched a number of culturally important institutions. ... Port-Royal was a Cistercian convent in Magny-les-Hameaux, in the Vallée de Chevreuse southwest of Paris that launched a number of culturally important institutions. ... Liguanea is a historically significant area in the island of Jamaica in the West Indies. ...


The first free school, Wolmer's, was founded in 1729 [2] and there was a theatre, first one in Harbour Street and then moved in 1774 to North Parade. Both are still in existence. In 1755 the governor had decided to transfer the government offices from Spanish Town to Kingston. It was thought by some to be an unsuitable location for the Assembly in close proximity to the moral distractions of Kingston, and the next governor rescinded the Act. However, by 1780 the population of Kingston was 11,000, and the merchants began lobbying for the administrative capital to be transferred from Spanish Town, which was by then eclipsed by the commercial activity in Kingston. For other uses, see Spanish Town (disambiguation). ...


At the end of the 18th century, more than 3000 brick buildings were in the city. The harbor fostered trade and naval wars of the 18th century. Kingston took over the functions of Spanish Town (the capital at the time). These functions included, agriculture, commercial, processing, and a main transportation hub to and from Kingston and other sections of the island. The government passed an act to transfer the government offices to Kingston from Spanish Town, and in 1872 the capital was transferred from Spanish Town to Kingston. It kept this status when the island was granted independence in 1962.


In 1907, 800 people died in another earthquake known as the 1907 Kingston earthquake, destroying nearly all the historical buildings south of Parade in the city. That was when a restriction of no more than 60 feet was instated on buildings in the central business district. These three story high buildings were built with reinforced concrete. Construction on King Street in the city was the first area to breach this building code. During the 1930s, island wide riots lead to the development of trade unions and political parties to represent workers. A union (labor union in American English; trade union, sometimes trades union, in British English; either labour union or trade union in Canadian English) is a legal entity consisting of employees or workers having a common interest, such as all the assembly workers for one employer, or all the workers...


The city became home to the Mona campus of the University of the West Indies founded in 1948 with 24 medical students. Mona is a neighbourhood in the southeastern St. ... The University of the West Indies, also known as UWI, is an autonomous regional institution supported by and serving 16 countries and territories in the Caribbean - Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, The Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, the British Virgin Islands, the Cayman Islands, Dominica, Grenada, Jamaica, Montserrat, St. ...

View of the Uptown New Kingston skyline (2007).
View of the Uptown New Kingston skyline (2007).

It wasn’t till the 1960s that major change occurred in the redevelopment of Kingston’s central business district. The international attention of reggae music at that time coincided with the expansion and development of 95 acres of the Downtown Kingston water front area. Reggae is a music genre first developed in Jamaica in the late 1960s. ...

View of the Downtown Kingston waterfront showing the Bank of Nova Scotia and the Bank of Jamaica.
View of the Downtown Kingston waterfront showing the Bank of Nova Scotia and the Bank of Jamaica.

These developments lead to an influx of shops and offices, and the development of a new financial center – New Kingston, which replaced the Knutsford Racetrack. Multi-story buildings and boulevards were placed within that section. Founded in Halifax, Nova Scotia in 1832, the Bank launched its branch banking system by opening in Windsor, Nova Scotia. ... The Bank of Jamaica is the central bank of Jamaica. ...


In 1966 Kingston was the host city to the Commonwealth Games. The 1966 British Empire and Commonwealth Games were held in Kingston, Jamaica. ...


The westward section of the city was not the focus of development, and that area proved to be a tense area in political times. The 1970s then saw deteriorating economic conditions that led to recurrent violence and a drop off in tourism which later affected the island.


In the 1980 general elections, the democratic socialist People's National Party (PNP) government was outvoted. The subsequent governments have been open market oriented since the 1980s. Within a global urban era, the 1990s saw that Kingston has made efforts to modernize and develop its city structure and functions. Various organizations such as The Kingston Restoration Company, the Urban Development Corporation (UDC) and the Port Authority of Jamaica, along with the Port Royal Development Company, among others sought to develop the urban structure of the city. Democratic socialism advocates socialism as a basis for the economy and democracy as a governing principle. ... The Peoples National Party (PNP) is a democratic socialist Jamaican political party, founded by Norman Manley in 1938. ... Port-Royal was a Cistercian convent in Magny-les-Hameaux, in the Vallée de Chevreuse southwest of Paris that launched a number of culturally important institutions. ...


Modern Structure

Today, the city of Kingston sees that the original waterfront area along Harbour Street, once redolent with the aromas of colonial West Indian trade in rums and spices, has been re-developed and shipping has moved out to Newport West, adjacent to the extensive Kingston Industrial Estate.[1]

A view of uptown Kingston, Jamaica showing the New Kingston night scene (2008).
A view of uptown Kingston, Jamaica showing the New Kingston night scene (2008).

A great deal of Kingston is pure shanty town, but again one sees striking contrasts, especially in New Kingston, situated between the teeming downtown and mid town areas and the fading but still gracious suburbs of St. Andrew. Saint Andrew (capital Half Way Tree) is a parish, situated in the south east of Jamaica in the county of Surrey. ...


The city’s wealthy is situated in the suburbs to the northern section of Kingston, closer to the hills and Mountains of the Blue Mountains range. The functions of the wealthy are met with in the New Kingston, Manor Park and Barbican / Liguanea areas, thus the downtown is now used mostly used by the low-income population. [1] The Blue Mountains are a mountainous region of Jamaica. ...


New Kingston is a business area which embodies the best of modern tropical town planning, graciously combining high rise buildings and well-groomed gardens with the soaring Blue Mountains as a backdrop. The Blue Mountains are a mountainous region of Jamaica. ...


Demographics

The majority of the population is of African heritage. East Indians are the second largest racial group, followed by Chinese, White, Arab (primarily Lebanese). A small number of Hispanics, mostly from Latin America, also reside in the city. Hispanic (Spanish: ; Portuguese: ; Latin: , adjective from Hispānia, the Roman name for the Iberian Peninsula) is a term that historically denoted relation to the ancient Hispania and its peoples. ... Latin America consists of the countries of South America and some of North America (including Central America and some the islands of the Caribbean) whose inhabitants mostly speak Romance languages, although Native American languages are also spoken. ...


Religion

There is a wide variety of Christian churches in the city. Most are Protestant, a legacy of British colonization of the island. The chief denominations are Church of God, Baptist, Anglican, Methodist, Roman Catholic, Seventh-day Adventist, and Pentecostal. Afro-Christian syncretic religions are also widespread. Topics in Christianity Preaching Prayer Ecumenism Relation to other religions Movements Music Liturgy Calendar Symbols Art Criticism Christianity Portal This box:      Christianity is a monotheistic[1] religion centered on the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth as presented in the New Testament. ... Topics in Christianity Preaching Prayer Ecumenism Relation to other religions Movements Music Liturgy Calendar Symbols Art Criticism Christianity Portal This box:      Protestantism encompasses the forms of Christian faith and practice that originated with the doctrines of the Reformation. ... Anabaptist & Friends Baptist & Stone-Campbell Catholic & Anglican Holiness & Pietist Lutheran Methodist Orthodox Pentecostal Presbyterian & Reformed Other Church of God is a name used by numerous, mostly unrelated bodies, most of which descend from either Pentecostal/Holiness or Adventist traditions. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations · Other religions Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Catholic Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      Baptist is... This box:      Anglicanism most commonly refers to the beliefs and practices of the Anglican Communion, a world-wide affiliation of Christian Churches, most of which have historical connections with the Church of England. ... The Methodist movement is a group of denominations of Protestant Christianity. ... Catholic Church redirects here. ... The Seventh-day Adventist (abbreviated Adventist[3]) Church is a Protestant Christian denomination which is distinguished mainly by its observance of Saturday, the original seventh day of the Judeo-Christian week, as the Sabbath. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Relation to other religions Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Athanasius · Augustine · Constantine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas Calvin · Luther · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      Pentecostal... For the linguistic term, see syncretism (linguistics). ...


There is a Jewish synagogue in the city as well as a large number of Buddhists and Muslims. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The synagogue Scolanova Trani in Italy. ... Buddhism is a Dharmic religion and philosophy[1] with between 230 to 500 million adherents worldwide. ... A Muslim is a believer in or follower of Islam. ...


Geography

Kingston skyline, circa 2003
Kingston skyline, circa 2003

Kingston is surrounded by the Blue Mountains, Red Hills, Long Mountain and the Kingston Harbour. The city is sited on the Liguanea Plain, an alluvial plain located next to the Hope River. Kingston experiences frequent earthquakes, including the 1907 earthquake. Image File history File links Kingston_jamaica. ... Image File history File links Kingston_jamaica. ... The Blue Mountains are a mountainous region of Jamaica. ... Kingston Harbour is the seventh largest natural harbour in the world. ... Liguanea is a historically significant area in the island of Jamaica in the West Indies. ... Year 1907 (MCMVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ...


Climate

Kingston has a tropical climate, characterized by a wet season from May to November, which coincides with the hurricane season, and a dry season from December to April. During the dry season, there is not much rainfall, however, cold and stationary fronts occur at this time, and often bring heavy showers, especially in March. Kingston is located in the rain shadow of the Blue Mountains, therefore, little to none of the moisture the Northeast Trade Winds carry falls over Kingston, causing Kingston to be very dry in comparison to Portland and Saint Mary on the windward side of the Blue Mountains. Kingston is on a coastal location, hence it comes under the influence of the sea, though dense urban development can negate this effect. In the 21st century, Kingston has experienced temperatures as high as 34°C (93.2°F) and temperatures as low as 25°C (77°F). Between 1895 and 1990, the total average rainfall was recorded at 909.7 mm (35.8 inches), the highest monthly average rainfall recorded in October at 181.1 mm (7.1 inches), and the lowest monthly average rainfall recorded in March at 22.7 mm (0.9 inches). [3] [4] The Blue Mountains are a mountainous region of Jamaica. ... The trade winds are a pattern of wind found in bands around Earths equatorial region. ... Location latitude 18°10 N longitude 75°27W Capital Town Port Antonio Major towns Buff Bay, County Surrey Area 814 square km Rank Jamaicas seventh largest parish Population 81,000 in 2001 Commerce Tourism, Agriculture Portland, with its capital town Port Antonio, is a parish located on Jamaica... Saint Mary, Jamaica, is a parish located in the north, north eastern part of Jamaica. ... The Blue Mountains are a mountainous region of Jamaica. ...


Neighbourhoods and Districts

  • Six Miles
  • New Haven
  • Duhaney Park
  • Patrick Gardens
  • Pembroke Hall
  • Washington Gardens
  • Olympic Gardens
  • Constant Spring
  • Liguanea
  • Cross Roads
  • Molynes Gardens
  • Three Mile
  • Four Mile
  • Havendale
  • Port Royal
  • Cockburn Gardens
  • Waterhouse
  • Newport West
  • Delacree Park
  • Trench Town
  • Whitfield Town
  • Greenwich Town
  • New Kingston
  • Kencot
  • Richmond Park
  • Vineyard Town
  • Mountain View Gardens
  • Meadowbrook
  • Eastwood Park
  • Grants Pen
  • Barbican
  • Cherry Gardens
  • Norbrook
  • Mannings Hill
  • Red Hills
  • Hope Pastures
  • Mona Heights
  • Beverly Hills
  • Rollington Town
  • Bournemouth Gardens
  • Norman Gardens
  • Harbour View
  • Maxfield

[5] Liguanea is a historically significant area in the island of Jamaica in the West Indies. ... Trenchtown is a neighbourhood located in Kingston, the capital and largest city of Jamaica. ...


Law

The Jamaica Constabulary Force, Jamaica's police force, is based on Old Hope Road near Liguanea. Smaller police stations, such as Hunt's Bay, Matilda's Corner and Half-Way-Tree, are dispersed across the Corporate Area. The Supreme Court of Jamaica is also located in Kingston. Other courts, such as the Half-Way-Tree Resident Magistrate's Court, Gun Court, Traffic Court and Family Court, make Kingston their home. The Jamaica Defence Force (JDF) has its headquarters at Up Park Camp near New Kingston and Cross Roads. The JDF also operates a major naval base at Port Royal. The Jamaica Constabulary Force (JCF) is the police force of the island nation of Jamaica. ... Liguanea is a historically significant area in the island of Jamaica in the West Indies. ... Badge of the JDF Roundel of Jamaica Defence Force Air Wing The Jamaica Defence Force (JDF) is the overall name given to the combined armed forces of Jamaica. ... Up-Park Camp (often Up Park Camp) was the headquarters of the British Army in Jamaica from the late 18th century to independence in 1962. ...


Media and Communications

The Gleaner Company, the Jamaica Observer and the Sunday Herald, three of Jamaica's large newspaper companies, make their home in Kingston. Several television and radio stations including Television Jamaica (TVJ), CVM TV, RJR 94 FM, Hitz 92 FM, FAME 95 FM, LOVE TV, ZIP 103, Kool 97 FM and LOVE FM, are all based in Kingston. Kingston generally has an adequate telecommunications service, administered by either Cable and Wireless or Flow Jamaica. Cellular phone service is also very strong in Kingston, especially since Cable & Wireless, Digicel and MiPhone, Jamaica’s three cellular providers, are all based in the city. The Gleaner Company, established in 1834, is a newspaper publishing enterprise in Jamaica. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Copy of the original phone of Alexander Graham Bell at the Musée des Arts et Métiers in Paris Telecommunication is the assisted transmission of signals over a distance for the purpose of communication. ... Cable & Wireless (West Indies) Ltd. ... Columbus Communications is a cable television and Broadband speed Internet service provider. ... Cable and Wireless (LSE: CW.) is a British telecommunications company. ... Digicel is a mobile phone network provider in the Caribbean region. ...


Services

Kingston, as the capital, is the financial, cultural, economic and industrial centre of Jamaica. Many financial institutions are based in Kingston, and the city boasts the largest number of hospitals, schools and cultural attractions of any urban area on the island.


Hospitals

  • Kingston Public Hospital
  • Victoria Jubilee Hospital
  • National Chest Hospital
  • University College Hospital of the West Indies
  • Bustamante Hospital for Children
  • Medical Associates Hospital
  • St. Joseph's Hospital
  • Andrews Memorial Hospital
  • Bellevue Hospital
  • Sir John Golding Rehabilitation Centre
  • Nuttall Memorial Hospital
  • Maxfield Park Medical Centre

[6]


Secondary Schools

Hope Valley Experimental


Co-educational

  • Tivoli Gardens High School
  • Denham Town High School
  • Excelsior High
  • Ardenne High School
  • Campion College, Jamaica
  • Mona High School
  • Tarrant High School
  • Clan Carthy High School
  • The Priory School
  • Kingston Technical High School
  • St. Andrew Technical High School
  • Donald Quarrie Technical High School
  • Papine High School
  • Lister Mair-Gilby High School (for the deaf)
  • Hillel Academy
  • Meadowbrook High School
  • Trench Town High School
  • Camperdown High School

All-Boys

  • Kingston College
  • Calabar High School
  • Jamaica College
  • Wolmer's Boys School
  • St. George's College for Boys

The Jamaica College Crest Jamaica College, is a prominent all boys high school in Jamaica. ...

All-Girls

  • The Queen's School for Girls
  • Wolmer's Girls School
  • Immaculate Conception High School for Girls
  • St. Andrew High School for Girls
  • St. Hugh's High School for Girls
  • Merl Grove High School for Girls
  • Holy Childhood High School for Girls
  • Convent Of Mercy Academy, Alpha

[7]


Tertiary Institutions

  • University of the West Indies (Mona) [1]
  • University of Technology, Jamaica [2]
  • Jamaica Theological Seminary
  • Caribbean Maritime Institute [3]
  • Excelsior Community College
  • Edna Manley School of the Visual and Performing Arts
  • St. Joseph's Teachers College
  • Mico University College
  • University College of The Caribbean(UCC) [4]
  • Creative Production and Training Centre (CPTC)[5]
  • Jamaica-German Automotive Training School (JAGAS)
  • National Tool and Engineering Institute (NTI)
  • Vocational Training and Development Institute (VTDI)
  • United Theological College of the West Indies
  • Northern Caribbean University N.C.U [6]

The University of the West Indies, also known as UWI, is an autonomous regional institution supported by and serving 16 countries and territories in the Caribbean - Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, The Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, the British Virgin Islands, the Cayman Islands, Dominica, Grenada, Jamaica, Montserrat, St. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...

Hotels

  • Hilton Kingston Hotel
  • Jamaica Pegasus
  • Courtleigh Hotel and Suites
  • Knutsford Court Hotel
  • Altamont Court Hotel
  • Christar Villas
  • Medallion Hall Hotel
  • Blue Mountain Inn
  • Morgans Harbour Hotel (Port Royal)
  • Terra Nova Hotel
  • Four Seasons Hotel

[8] Port-Royal was a Cistercian convent in Magny-les-Hameaux, in the Vallée de Chevreuse southwest of Paris that launched a number of culturally important institutions. ...


Restaurants

Island Griil Fast Food restaurant in New Kingston
Island Griil Fast Food restaurant in New Kingston
  • Island Grill
  • Indies Pub and Grill
  • Strawberry Hill (Irish Town)
  • Golden Bowl
  • Jade Garden
  • Akbar
  • Dragon Court
  • Habibi Latino
  • Kabana
  • Columbus Italian (Jamaica Pegasus)
  • Japanese Restaurant (Hilton Kingston Hotel)

[9]


Local Fast Food chains

  • Tastee
  • Mothers
  • Juici Patties
  • Captain's Bakery

International Fast Food chains

KFC, also known as Kentucky Fried Chicken, is a food chain based in Louisville, Kentucky, known mainly for its fried chicken. ... Burger King (NYSE: BKC), often abbreviated to BK, is a global chain of hamburger fast food restaurants. ... Subway is a franchise fast food restaurant that primarily sells sandwiches and salads. ... Wendys is an international chain of fast food restaurants founded by Dave Thomas in 1969 in Columbus, Ohio. ... Pizza Hut Inc. ... Dennys is the largest full-service family restaurant chain in the United States. ... For Dominos Pizza in Australia, New Zealand, France, Belgium, the Netherlands and the Principality of Monaco, see Dominos Pizza Enterprises. ... Popeyes Chicken & Biscuits is a chain of fried chicken fast food restaurants that is controlled by Atlanta-based AFC Enterprises, which is also the operator of Churchs Chicken and Cinnabon. ... A sign at a T.G.I. Fridays franchise in Pensacola, Florida. ...

Embassies, High Commissions and Consulates

[10] For the Chinese civilization, see China. ... Motto: (traditional) In God We Trust (official, 1956–present) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City Official language(s) None at the federal level; English de facto Government Federal Republic  - President George W. Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence - Declared - Recognized...


Prominent people born in Kingston

John Charles Bryan Barnes (born November 7, 1963 in Kingston, Jamaica) was a hugely successful and well known Jamaican-born English football player of the 1980s and 1990s, and was once the manager of Celtic F.C. // Having moved to England as a boy, Barnes was noticed by Watford whilst... Aston Francis Barrett (born November 22, 1946, Kingston, Jamaica), often called Family Man or Fams for short, is a Jamaican bass player and Rastafarian. ... Buju Banton (born Mark Anthony Myrie on July 15, 1973) is a Jamaican dancehall, ragga, and reggae musician. ... This biographical article needs additional references for verification. ... Geto Boys (intentionally misspelled, although sometimes also spelled Ghetto Boys) is a rap group from Houston, Texas, consisting of Scarface, Willie D and Bushwick Bill. ... The Promised Land compiled by Blood and Fire Dennis Emanuel Brown (February 1, 1957 – July 1, 1999) was a Jamaican reggae singer. ... Frederic Hymen Cowen (29 January 1852-1935), English musical composer, was born at Kingston, Jamaica. ... Charles Theodore Chili Davis (born January 17, 1960 in Kingston, Jamaica) is a former center fielder/designated hitter who played in Major League Baseball with the San Francisco Giants (1981-87), California Angels (1988-90, 1993-96), Minnesota Twins (1991-92), Kansas City Royals (1997) and New York Yankees (1998... Major Leagues redirects here. ... Desmond Dekker (July 16, 1941 – May 25, 2006) was a Jamaican ska and reggae singer and songwriter. ... Sandra Pepa Denton Sandra Pepa Denton (born November 9, 1969 in Kingston, Jamaica) is an American R&B/hip-hop singer, and a member of the female rap trio known as Salt-N-Pepa. ... Salt, DJ Spinderella, and Pepa on the cover to their 1999 CD single, The Brick Track Verses Gitty Up Salt-N-Pepa is an American R&B and hip hop group, consisting of Cheryl James and Sandy Denton (Salt and Pepa, respectively), and Deidre Dee Dee Roper (DJ Spinderella). ... Clement Seymour Sir Coxsone Dodd (Kingston, Jamaica, January 26, 1932 – May 5, 2004) was a Jamaican record producer who was influential in the development of reggae and other forms of Jamaican music in the 1950s, 60s and later. ... Lowell Sly Fillmore Dunbar was born on 10 May 1952, in Kingston, Jamaica. ... Eek a Mouse is one of Jamaicas premiere reggae stars. ... Patrick Aloysius Ewing (born August 5, 1962) is a retired American professional basketball player. ... Knicks redirects here. ... Christopher Chris Henry Gayle (born 21 September 1979 in Kingston, Jamaica) is a West Indian cricketer who plays international cricket for the West Indies and domestic cricket for Jamaica. ... Howard Grant (born June 22, 1966 in Kingston) is a former boxer from Jamaica, competing in the light-welterweight (– 63. ... ĔLisa Hanna was the third Jamaican to win the Miss World title. ... This article is about the pageant. ... Vybz Kartel (born Adidja Azim Palmer in 1976) is a famous Jamaican dancehall deejay. ... Bounty Killer (born Rodney Basil Price June 12, 1972 in Kingston, Jamaica) is a Jamaican reggae and dancehall deejay, known for his hard work in combating poverty and helping new artists. ... Kisean Anderson (born February 3, 1990) better known by his stage name Sean Kingston, is a Jamaican American reggae singer and rapper. ... Sandra Levy Sandra Levy (born December 12, 1965 in Kingston, Jamaica) is a former field hockey player, who represented Canada at the 1992 Summer Olympics in Barcelona, Spain. ... Beenie Man (born Anthony Moses Davis August 22, 1973 in Kingston, Jamaica), is among the most popular reggae entertainers and is a well established dancehall artist. ... This article is about the musician. ... Damian Marley (born July 21, 1978 in Kingston, Jamaica), is a three time Grammy-winning reggae artist and is the youngest son of reggae legend Bob Marley. ... This article is about the reggae musician. ... David Nesta Ziggy Marley (born October 17, 1968, Trenchtown) is a Grammy-winning Jamaican musician. ... This article is about the reggae musician. ... Movado a. ... This article is about the Jamaican reggae artist. ... Junior Reidis a Jamaican reggae singer that is best known as the man that released the hit song One Blood as well as being the man that replaced Michael Rose as lead vocalist with Black Uhuru. ... Shaggy (born October 22, 1968, in Kingston, Jamaica as Orville Richard Burrell) is a Jamaican reggae deejay who takes his nickname from Scooby-Doos companion, a nickname given to him by his friends, during his teenage years in which his hair bore a similarity to the Scooby Doo character. ... Sly and Robbie are probably reggaes most prolific and long lasting production team. ... Courtney Andrew Walsh (born October 30, 1962, Kingston, Jamaica) is a former international cricketer (fast bowler) who represented the West Indies from 1984 to 2001, captaining the West Indies in 22 Test matches. ... Sir Willard Wentworth White CBE (b. ...

Sister cities

Kingston has five sister cities: This article is about partnerships between towns distant from each other; see Twin cities for the different concept of physically neighbouring cities. ...

Corunna, IN, USA Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... This article is about the city in Florida. ... Motto: (traditional) In God We Trust (official, 1956–present) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City Official language(s) None at the federal level; English de facto Government Federal Republic  - President George W. Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence - Declared - Recognized... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Kalamazoo redirects here. ... Motto: (traditional) In God We Trust (official, 1956–present) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City Official language(s) None at the federal level; English de facto Government Federal Republic  - President George W. Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence - Declared - Recognized... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... For other uses, see Coventry (disambiguation). ... The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is a country in western Europe, and member of the Commonwealth of Nations, the G8, the European Union, and NATO. Usually known simply as the United Kingdom, the UK, or (inaccurately) as Great Britain or Britain, the UK has four constituent... Image File history File links Flag_of_Mexico. ... Coordinates: , Country State Foundation 1542 Government  - Mayor Alfonso Petersen Farah ( PAN) Area  - City 187. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ... For other uses, see Shenzhen (disambiguation). ... PRC is a common abbreviation for: Peoples Republic of China Palestinian Red Crescent Popular Resistance Committees This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Kingston is a town located in Plymouth County, Massachusetts. ... Motto: (traditional) In God We Trust (official, 1956–present) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City Official language(s) None at the federal level; English de facto Government Federal Republic  - President George W. Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence - Declared - Recognized...


Attractions and landmarks

Devon House, home of the first West Indian millionaire of African descent.
Devon House, home of the first West Indian millionaire of African descent.

[11] 56 Hope Road is the address of the house where Bob Marley lived in Kingston, Jamaica. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x768, 236 KB) Summary Photo of Devon House, Kingston, Jamaica made by User:Op. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x768, 236 KB) Summary Photo of Devon House, Kingston, Jamaica made by User:Op. ... Hellshire Beach, Jamaica, is located near Portmore, and famed for its fried fish and safe swimming. ... Badge of the JDF Roundel of Jamaica Defence Force Air Wing The Jamaica Defence Force (JDF) is the overall name given to the combined armed forces of Jamaica. ... The National Gallery of Jamaica, in Kingston, Jamaica, is Jamaicas prime and most important art collection, housed at a part of Kingston called Kingston Mall. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The University of the West Indies, also known as UWI, is an autonomous regional institution supported by and serving 16 countries and territories in the Caribbean - Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, The Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, the British Virgin Islands, the Cayman Islands, Dominica, Grenada, Jamaica, Montserrat, St. ...


[12]


References

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Kingston, Jamaica

  Results from FactBites:
 
The Town of Kingston, Jamaica (1895 words)
Kingston, Jamaica's capital, lies on the fertile plains of Liguanea (pronounced Lig-a-nee — an ancient Arawak Indian name) between the cays and banks of the eastern coast and the towering Blue Mountains.
Kingston is not the sort of resort paradise to be found on the north coast but it offers a great deal more to the traveler who seeks to gain more than a sun tan from a holiday in Jamaica.
Jamaica's first capital under the Spanish occupation was at Spanish Town, some ten miles inland, whereas the island's major centre of trade was at Port Royal at the edge of the harbour which is the seventh largest harbour in the world.
Reference.com/Encyclopedia/Kingston, Jamaica (337 words)
Kingston (population 600,000) is the capital of Jamaica.
On January 14, 1907, an earthquake in Kingston killed more than 1,000 people.Apart from being the seat of the Jamaican government, the city is also home to the Mona campus of the University of the West Indies founded in 1948.
Kingston is served by Norman Manley International Airport and also by the smaller and primarily domestic Tinson Pen Airport.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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