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Encyclopedia > Kingdom of Yugoslavia
1918-1929
Краљевина Срба, Хрвата и Словенаца
Kraljevina Srba, Hrvata i Slovenaca
Kraljevina Srbov, Hrvatov in Slovencev
Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes

1929-1945
Краљевина Југославија
Kraljevina Jugoslavija
Kingdom of Yugoslavia


19181941
1945

Flag Coat of arms
Motto: One nation, one king, one country
Anthem: Medley of Bože pravde, Lijepa naša domovino, and Naprej zastava slave
Capital Belgrade
44°49′N 20°28′E
Language(s) "Serbo-Croato-Slovenian" (see: Serbo-Croat and Slovenian) [1]
Government Value specified for "government_type" does not comply
King
 - 1918-1921 Peter I
 - 1921-1934 Alexander I
 - 1934-1945 Peter II
Regent
 - 1934-1941 Prince Paul
Historical era Interwar period
 - Union of State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs and Kingdom of Serbia 1 December1918
 - 6th July dictatorship 6 July 1929
 - Axis invasion and division April 1941
 - Tito-Šubašić Agreement 16 June 1944
 - Kingdom restored early 1945
 - Republic declared 2 December1945
Area
 - 1931 247,542 km2
95,577 sq mi
Population
 - 1931 est. 13,934,038 
     Density 56.3 /km² 
145.8 /sq mi
Currency Krone (until 1920)
Dinar (after 1920)

The Kingdom of Yugoslavia was a kingdom in the Balkans which existed from the end of World War I until World War II. It occupied an area made up of the present-day states of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia, Montenegro, the Republic of Macedonia, and most of present-day Slovenia and Croatia. For its first eleven years of existence it was known as the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes. Anthem: Bože Pravde [[Image:|250px|center|Location of the Kingdom of Serbia]] Capital Belgrade Largest city Belgrade Serbian Government Monarchy  - King Milan (1882-1889)  - King Aleksandar (1889-1903)  - King Peter I (1903-1918) Proclamation March 6, 1882 Area  - Total  km² ([[List of countries and outlying territories by area|]])  sq... Image File history File links Flaf_of_Serbia_(1882-1918). ... Flag Capital Zagreb Language(s) Slovenian and Serbo-Croatian Government Republic President¹ Anton KoroÅ¡ec Vice presidents¹ Ante Pavelić Svetozar Pribićević Historical era World War I  - Independence 29 October, 1918  - Joined Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes 1 December, 1918 ¹ President and vice presidents of the National Council. ... Image File history File links State-shs. ... Year 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... Year 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1945 calendar). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_SFR_Yugoslavia. ...   Capital Belgrade Language(s) Serbo-Croatian Macedonian Slovenian Government Federation of socialist republics Last President Stjepan Mesić Last Prime Minister Ante Marković Historical era Cold War  - Proclamation November 29 1943  - UN membership October 24, 1945  - Constitution 21 February 1974  - formation of FRY April 28 1992 Area  - July 1989 255,800... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Kingdom_of_Yugoslavia_(state). ... Image File history File links Kingdom_of_Yugoslavia_CoA_(big). ... Flag of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia Flag of the former Kingdom of Yugoslavia consisted of three equal horizontal bands coloured in pan-Slavic colors - blue (top), white and red - with coat of arms in the centre. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Coat of arms of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes. ... This page lists state and national mottos for the worlds independent states and if applicable, their component states. ... A national anthem is a generally patriotic musical composition that is evoking and eulogizing the history, traditions and struggles of its people, recognized either by a nations government as the official national song, or by convention through use by the people. ... This song was the national anthem of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia. ... Bože pravde (God of Justice) is the official anthem of Serbia and Republika Srpska. ... Lijepa naÅ¡a domovino (Our Beautiful Homeland) is the national anthem of Croatia. ... Naprej zastava slave (Slovene Forward, Flag of Glory), is the old Slovene national anthem. ... Image File history File links LocationKingdom_of_Serbs,_Croats_and_Slovenes. ... This is a list of national capitals of the world in alphabetical order. ... Belgrade (Serbian: Београд or Beograd  ) is the capital and largest city of Serbia. ... Serbo-Croatian (srpskohrvatski or hrvatskosrpski) is a name for a language of the Western group of the South Slavic languages. ... Look up king in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Peter I of Serbia Peter (Petar) I, King of the Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes (July 11, 1844-1921) of the House of Karađorđević became Serbias first constitutional monarch in the aftermath of the 1903 military coup that resulted in the overthrow of the Obrenovi... King Alexander I of Yugoslavia also called King Alexander Unificator (Serbian Краљ Александар I Карађорђевић, Latin: Kralj Aleksandar I KaraÄ‘orÄ‘ević) (Cetinje, Montenegro, 16 December 1888 – Marseille, France, 9 October 1934) of the Royal House of KaraÄ‘orÄ‘ević was the first king of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia (1929–34) and before... King Peter II (Serbian Cyrillic: Краљ Петар II Карађорђевић) (6 September 1923 – 3 November 1970) was the last King of Yugoslavia. ... // High public office A regent, from the Latin regens who reigns is anyone who acts as head of state, especially if not the monarch (who has higher titles). ... Image:Prince Pavle of Yugoslavia. ... The Interwar period was the time between World War I and World War II, ergo the 1920s and 1930s. ... Flag Capital Zagreb Language(s) Slovenian and Serbo-Croatian Government Republic President¹ Anton KoroÅ¡ec Vice presidents¹ Ante Pavelić Svetozar Pribićević Historical era World War I  - Independence 29 October, 1918  - Joined Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes 1 December, 1918 ¹ President and vice presidents of the National Council. ... Anthem: Bože Pravde [[Image:|250px|center|Location of the Kingdom of Serbia]] Capital Belgrade Largest city Belgrade Serbian Government Monarchy  - King Milan (1882-1889)  - King Aleksandar (1889-1903)  - King Peter I (1903-1918) Proclamation March 6, 1882 Area  - Total  km² ([[List of countries and outlying territories by area|]])  sq... December 1 is the 335th (in leap years the 336th) day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... Motto: One nation, one king, one country Anthem: Medley of Bože pravde, Lijepa naÅ¡a domovino, and Naprej zastava slave Capital Belgrade Language(s) Serbo-Croat-Slovenian (see: Serbo-Croat and Slovenian) [1] Government Value specified for government_type does not comply King  - 1918-1921 Peter I  - 1921-1934 Alexander... July 6 is the 187th day of the year (188th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 178 days remaining. ... 1929 (MCMXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Invasion of Yugoslavia Operation 25 was the german code-name for the so-called April War, the German attack on Yugoslavia on April 6, 1941. ... April is the fourth month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of four with the length of 30 days. ... This article is about the year. ... The Tito-Å ubaÅ¡ić Agreement was an attempt by the Westerners to merge pre-war royal government of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia with the communist-lead partisans who were defending the country in Second World War and were de facto rulers on the liberated territories. ... June 16 is the 167th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (168th in leap years), with 198 days remaining. ... 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1944 calendar). ... Year 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1945 calendar). ... The Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia was a Balkan state that existed from 1945 to 1992. ... December 2 is the 336th day (337th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1945 calendar). ... This is a list of the countries of the world sorted by area. ... Population density by country, 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... The Yugoslav krone was the short-lived provisional currency of the then forming Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes from November 12, 1918 to 1920. ... Obverse of 10 Yugoslav Dinars issued by the National Bank of Yugoslavia during 1960s Reverse of 10 Yugoslav Dinars issued by the National Bank of Yugoslavia during 1960s Yugoslav dinar was the official valute in former Yugoslavia. ... Places where monarchies maintain rule appear in blue. ... Balkan peninsula with northwest border Isonzo-Krka-Sava The Balkans is the historic and geographic name used to describe a region of southeastern Europe. ... Combatants Allied Powers: Russian Empire France British Empire Italy Empire of Japan United States Central Powers: Austria-Hungary German Empire Ottoman Empire Bulgaria Commanders Nicholas II Aleksei Brusilov Georges Clemenceau Joseph Joffre Ferdinand Foch Herbert Henry Asquith Douglas Haig John Jellicoe Victor Emmanuel III Luigi Cadorna Armando Diaz Woodrow Wilson... Combatants Major Allied powers: United Kingdom Soviet Union United States Republic of China and others Major Axis powers: Nazi Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Harry Truman Chiang Kai-Shek Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tojo Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead... Anthem: Bože pravde (English: God of Justice) Capital (and largest city) Belgrade Serbian written with the Cyrillic alphabet1 Government Republic  - Prime Minister Vojislav KoÅ¡tunica  - President Boris Tadić Establishment    - Formation 814   - First Serbian Uprising 1804   - Internationally recognized July 13, 1878   - Kingdom of SCS created December 1, 1918   - SCG dissolved... Anthem: Oj, svijetla majska zoro Oh, the bright dawn of May Capital (and largest city) Podgorica Serbian (Ijekavian dialect)1 Government Republic  - President Filip Vujanović  - Prime Minister Željko Å turanović Independence from Serbia and Montenegro   - Declared June 3, 2006   - Recognised June 8, 2006  Area  - Total 13. ... Anthem: (Macedonian for Today over Macedonia) Capital (and largest city) Skopje Macedonian, Albanian1 Government Parliamentary republic  - President Branko Crvenkovski  - Prime Minister Nikola Gruevski Independence from Yugoslavia   - Declared September 8, 1991  Area  - Total 25,333 km² (148th) 9,779 sq mi   - Water (%) 1. ...

Contents

Formation

The kingdom was formed on 1 December 1918 under the name "Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes" (Serbian: Краљевина Срба, Хрвата и Словенаца/Kraljevina Srba, Hrvata i Slovenaca, Croatian: Kraljevina Srba, Hrvata i Slovenaca, Slovenian Kraljevina Srbov, Hrvatov in Slovencev) or Kingdom of SHS (Краљевина СХС/Kraljevina SHS) for short. December 1 is the 335th (in leap years the 336th) day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... Serbs (Serbian: Срби or Srbi) are a South Slavic people who live mainly in Serbia, Montenegro, Bosnia-Herzegovina, and, to a lesser extent, in Croatia. ... Croats (Croatian: Hrvati) are a South Slavic people mostly living in Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina and nearby countries. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article may require cleanup. ...


On 1 December 1918 the new kingdom was proclaimed by Alexander Karađorđević, Prince-Regent for his father, Peter I of Serbia. The new Kingdom was made up of the formerly independent kingdoms of Serbia and Montenegro (which had unified in the previous month), as well as a substantial amount of territory that was formerly part of Austria-Hungary, the State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs. The lands previously in Austria-Hungary that formed the new state included Croatia, Slavonia and Vojvodina from the Hungarian part of the Empire, Carniola, part of Styria and most of Dalmatia from the Austrian part, and the crown province of Bosnia and Herzegovina. December 1 is the 335th (in leap years the 336th) day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... Aleksandar I Karađorđević King Alexander I of Yugoslavia - Serbian Kralj Aleksandar I Karađorđević, in Cyrillic Краљ Александар I Карађорђе&#1074... Peter I of Serbia Peter (Petar) KaraÄ‘orÄ‘ević (June 29, 1844 – August 16, 1921) became Serbias first constitutional monarch in the aftermath of the 1903 military coup that resulted in the overthrow of the Obrenović dynasty, returning from exile to take his place as King. ... Anthem: Bože Pravde [[Image:|250px|center|Location of the Kingdom of Serbia]] Capital Belgrade Largest city Belgrade Serbian Government Monarchy  - King Milan (1882-1889)  - King Aleksandar (1889-1903)  - King Peter I (1903-1918) Proclamation March 6, 1882 Area  - Total  km² ([[List of countries and outlying territories by area|]])  sq... The history of Montenegro begins in the early Middle Ages, after the arrival of the Slavs into that part of the former Roman province of Dalmatia that forms present-day Montenegro. ... Austria-Hungary, also known as the Dual monarchy (or: the k. ... Flag Capital Zagreb Language(s) Slovenian and Serbo-Croatian Government Republic President¹ Anton KoroÅ¡ec Vice presidents¹ Ante Pavelić Svetozar Pribićević Historical era World War I  - Independence 29 October, 1918  - Joined Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes 1 December, 1918 ¹ President and vice presidents of the National Council. ... Coat of arms Slavonia (Croatian: Slavonija) is a geographical and historical region in eastern Croatia. ... Republic of Serbia   â€“Vojvodina   â€“Kosovo (UN admin. ... Carniola English and Latin; (Slovenian Kranjska, German Krain) is a name for a region in Slovenia. ... Coat of arms of the Dukes of Styria, crowned with the ducal hat, today state coat The Duchy of Styria (German: Herzogtum Steiermark, Slovenian Å tajerska) was a duchy of the Holy Roman Empire until its dissolution in 1806, and a crownland of Austria-Hungary until its dissolution in 1918. ... Map of Dalmatia, in present day Croatia highlighted Dalmatia (Croatian: Dalmacija, French: Dalmatie, German: Dalmatien, Italian: Dalmazia, Serbian Cyrillic: Далмација, Turkish: Dalmaçya, Hungarian: Dalmácia) is a region on the eastern coast of the Adriatic Sea, in modern Croatia, spreading between the island of Rab in the northwest and the...


The Yugoslav kingdom bordered Italy and Austria to the northwest, Hungary and Romania to the north, Bulgaria to the east, Greece and Albania to the south, and the Adriatic Sea to the west. A satellite image of the Adriatic Sea. ...


A plebiscite was also held in the Province of Carinthia, which opted to remain in Austria. The Dalmatian port city of Zadar (Zara in Italian) and a few of the Dalmatian islands were given to Italy. The city of Rijeka (Fiume) was declared to be the Free State of Fiume, but it was soon occupied, and in 1924 annexed, by Italy. Tensions over the border with Italy continued, with Italy claiming more of the Dalmatian coast, and Yugoslavia claiming Istria, part of the former Austrian Littoral which had been annexed to Italy, but which contained a considerable population of Croats and Slovenes. The Carinthian Plebiscite (Slovene Koroški plebiscit, German: Kärntner Volksabstimmung) on October 10, 1920 determined the border between Austria and the newly formed Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (later Yugoslavia) after World War I. In particular it divided Carinthia, formerly a province of Austrian-Hungarian Monarchy, in... Coat of arms of the Dukes of Carinthia, today state coat The Duchy of Carinthia (German language: Kärnten, Slovenian: KoroÅ¡ka) was a duchy of the Holy Roman Empire until its dissolution in 1806, and a crownland of Austria-Hungary until it dissolved in 1918. ... There are other articles with similar names; see Zadar (disambiguation). ... Rijeka (in local Croatian dialects Rika and Reka; Fiume in Italian and Hungarian, Reka in Slovene; Sankt Veit am Flaum in older German; R(ij)eka and Fiume both mean river) is the principal seaport of Croatia, located on Kvarner Bay, an inlet of the Adriatic Sea. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Free state of rijeka. ... 1924 (MCMXXIV) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Coat of arms Istria (Istra, pronounced in Croatian and Slovenian; Istria, pronounced in Italian, Istrien, pronounced in German) is the biggest peninsula in the Adriatic Sea. ... The Austrian Littoral (German: , Italian: , Slovenian: Avstrijsko primorje) or Küstenland (Litorale, Primorska) was a crown land (Kronland) within the Austrian Empire (later Austria-Hungary) from 1813 to 1918. ...


The new government tried to integrate the new country politically as well as economically, a task made difficult because of the great diversity of languages, nationalities, and religions in the new state, the different history of the regions, and great differences in economic development among regions.


Early politics

Immediately after the 1st of December proclamation, negotiations between the People's Council (of the State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs) and the Serbian government resulted in agreement over the new government which was to be headed by Nikola Pašić. However when this was submitted to the approval of the regent it was rejected so producing the new state's first government crisis. All the parties regarded this as a violation of parliamentary principles but the crisis was resolved when they agreed to replace Pašić by Stojan Protić who was a leading member of Pašić's Radical Party. The new government came into existence on the 20 December 1918. (source: Branislav Gligorijević Parliament i političke stranke u Jugoslaviji 1919 1929) Flag Capital Zagreb Language(s) Slovenian and Serbo-Croatian Government Republic President¹ Anton KoroÅ¡ec Vice presidents¹ Ante Pavelić Svetozar Pribićević Historical era World War I  - Independence 29 October, 1918  - Joined Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes 1 December, 1918 ¹ President and vice presidents of the National Council. ... Nikola Pašić (Serbian Никола Пашић, pronounced Pashich), (December 18, 1846- December 10, 1926) was a Serbian premier, who controlled Serbia from 1903 until his death. ... Stojan Protic (1857 - 1923) was a Yugoslavian political figure. ... December 20 is the 354th day of the year (355th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


In this period before the election of the Constituent Assembly, a Provisional Representation served as a parliament which was formed by delegates from the various elected bodies that had existed before the creation of the state. A realignment of parties combining several members of the Serbian opposition with political parties from the former Austria-Hungary led to the creation of a new party, The Democratic Party, that dominated the Provisional Representation and the government.


Because the Democratic Party led by Ljubomir Davidović pushed a highly centralized agenda a number of Croatian delegates moved into opposition. However the radicals themselves were not happy that they had only three ministers to the Democratic Parties eleven and on 16 August 1919 Stojan Protić handed in his resignation. Ljubomir Davidović then formed a coalition with the Social Democrats. This government did have a majority but the quorum of the Provisional Representation was half plus one vote. The opposition then began to boycott the parliament and as the government could never guarantee that all their supporters to turn up it became impossible to hold a quorate meeting of the parliament. Davidović quickly resigned but as no one else could form a government he again became prime minister. As the opposition continued their boycott the government decided it had no alternative but to rule by decree. This was denounced by the opposition who began to style themselves as the Paliamentary Community. Davidović himself realized that the situation was untenable and requested from the King the immediate holding of elections for the Constituent Assembly. When the King refused he felt he had no alternative but to resign. August 16 is the 228th day of the year (229th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Year 1919 (MCMXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar). ...


The Parliamentary Community now formed a government led by Stojan Protić committed to the restoration of parliamentary norms and mitigating the centralization of the previous government. Their opposition to the former governments program of radical land reform also united them. As several small groups and individuals switched sides, Protić now even had a small majority. However the Democratic Party and the Social Democrats now boycotted parliament and Protić was unable to muster a quorum. Hence the Parliamentary Community, now in government, was forced to rule by decree.


For the Parliamentary Community to thus violate the basic principle around which they had formed put them in an extremely difficult position. In April 1920 widespread worker unrest including a railway strike broke out and according to Gligorijević this put pressure on the two main parties to settle their differences. After successful negotiations Protić resigned to make way for a new government led by the neutral figure of Milenko Vesnić. The social democrats did not follow their former allies the Democratic Party into government because they were opposed to the anti communist measures that that new government was committed. Year 1920 (MCMXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday. ...


The controversies that had divided the parties earlier were still very much live issues. The Democrat Party continued to push their agenda of centralization and still insisted on the need for radical land reform. A disagreement over electoral law finally led the Democrat Party to vote against the government in Parliament and the government was defeated. Though this meeting had not been quorate, Vesnić used this as a pretext to resign. His action produced the result Vesnić had intended and the Radical Party agreed to accept the need for centralization while the Democratic Party agreed to drop their insistence on land reform and Vesnić again headed the new government. The Croatian Community and the Slovenian People's Party were however not at all happy with the Radicals acceptance of centralization. Nor for that matter was Stojan Protić and he withdraw from the government on this issue.


In September 1920 a peasants' revolt broke out in Croatia, the immediate cause of which was the branding of the peasants cattle. The Croatian Community blamed the centralizing policies of the government and of minister Svetozar Pribićević in particular. Svetozar Pribićević (1875 - 1936) was a Croatian Serb politician who worked hard for creation of Yugoslavia. ...


From Constituent Assembly to Dictatorship

One of the few laws successfully passed by the Provisional Representation was the electoral law for the constituent assembly. During the negotiations that preceded the foundation of the new state it had been agreed that voting would be secret and based on universal suffrage. It had not really occurred to them that universal might include women until the beginnings of a movement for women's suffrage appeared with the creation of the new state. The social democrats and the Slovenian Peoples Party supported women's suffrage but the Radicals opposed it. The Democrat Party was open to the idea but not committed enough to make an issue of it so the proposal fell. Proportional Representation was accepted in principle but the system chosen (D'Hondt with very small constituencies) favored large parties and parties with strong regional support. The DHondt method is a highest averages method for allocating seats in party-list proportional representation. ...


The election was held on the 28 November 1920. When the votes were counted the Democratic Party had won the most seats, more than the Radicals - but only just. For a party that had been so dominant in the Provisional Representation that amounted to a defeat. Further they had done rather badly in all former Austria-Hungarian areas. That undercut their belief that their centralization policy represented the will of the Yugoslavian people as a whole. The Radicals had done no better in that region but this presented them far less of a problem because they had campaigned openly as a Serbian party. The most dramatic gains had been made by the two anti-system parties. The Croatian Republican Peasant Party's leadership had been released from prison only as the election campaign began to get underway but according to Gligorijević this far from hindering them had helped them more than active campaigning. The Croatian community that had in a timid way tried to express the discontent that Croatian Republican Peasant Party had mobilized had been too tainted by their participation in government and was all but eliminated. The other gainers were the communists who had done especially well in Macedonia. The remainder of the seats were taken up by smaller parties that were at best skeptical of the centralizing platform of the Democratic Party. November 28 is the 332nd day (333rd on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Year 1920 (MCMXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday. ... The Croatian Peasant Party (Croatian: Hrvatska seljačka stranka, HSS) was formed in 1905 by Stjepan Radić, a leading Croatian politician. ...


The results left Nikola Pasić in a very strong position as the Democrats had no choice but to ally with the Radicals if they wanted to get their concept of a centralized Yugoslavia through, where as Pasić was always careful to keep open the option of a deal with the Croatian opposition. The Democrats together with the Radicals were not quite strong enough to get the constitution through on their own and they made an alliance with the JMO, the Yugoslav Muslim Organization. The Muslim party sought and got concessions over the preservation of Bosnia in its borders and how the land reform would effect Muslim landowners in Bosnia.


Because the Croatian Republican Peasant Party refused to swear allegiance to the King on the grounds that this presumed that Yugoslavia would be a monarchy (something, they contended only the Constituent could decide) they were unable to take their seats. Most of the opposition though initially taking their seats declared boycotts as time went so that there were few votes against. However the constitution needed 50% plus one vote to pass irrespective of how many voted against and it was touch and go whether it would get this. Only last minute concessions to Džemet - who were a group of Muslims from Macedonia and Kosovo - saved it.


On 28 June 1921, the Vidovdan (St. Vitus' Day) Constitution was passed, establishing a unitary monarchy. The pre-World War I traditional regions were abolished and 33 new administrative oblasts (provinces) ruled from the center were instituted. June 28 is the 179th day of the year (180th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 186 days remaining. ... Year 1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for full calendar). ... Vidovdan (Видовдан) is a religious holiday, St. ... Vitus was a Christian saint from Sicily, Italy, Roman Empire. ... A map showing the unitary states. ... An oblast (Russian, Ukrainian: о́бласть) is a name for the subnational entity of Bulgaria, Russian Federation, Ukraine, and the former Soviet Union. ...


Serb politicians regarded Serbia as the standard bearer of Yugoslav unity, as the state of Piedmont had been for Italy, or Prussia for the German Empire. Over the following years, Croat resistance against a Serbo-centric policy increased. Stjepan Radić, head of the Croatian Republican Peasant Party, was imprisoned due to political reasons. He was released in 1925, and returned to parliament. Anthem: Bože pravde (English: God of Justice) Capital (and largest city) Belgrade Serbian written with the Cyrillic alphabet1 Government Republic  - Prime Minister Vojislav KoÅ¡tunica  - President Boris Tadić Establishment    - Formation 814   - First Serbian Uprising 1804   - Internationally recognized July 13, 1878   - Kingdom of SCS created December 1, 1918   - SCG dissolved... Piedmont is a region of northwestern Italy. ... Coat of Arms of the Kingdom of Prussia, 1701-1918 Prussia (German: ; Latin: Borussia, Prutenia; Lithuanian: ; Polish: ; Old Prussian: PrÅ«sa) was, most recently, a historic state originating in East Prussia, an area which for centuries had substantial influence on German and European history. ... Motto: Gott mit Uns (German: God with us”) Anthem: Heil dir im Siegerkranz (unofficial) Territory of the German Empire in 1914, prior to World War I Capital Berlin Language(s) Official: German Unofficial minority languages: Polish (Posen, Lower Silesia,Upper Silesia, Masuria) French (Alsace-Lorraine) Government Constitutional monarchy Emperor  - 1871... Stjepan Radić (May 11, 1871 – August 8, 1928) was a Croatian politician and the founder of the Croatian Peasant Party (CPP, Hrvatska Seljačka Stranka) in 1905. ... The Croatian Peasant Party (Croatian: Hrvatska seljačka stranka, HSS) was formed in 1905 by Stjepan Radić, a leading Croatian politician. ... 1925 (MCMXXV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ...


In the spring of 1928, Stjepan Radić and Svetozar Pribičević waged a bitter parliamentary battle against the ratification of the Neptune Convention with Italy. In this they mobilised nationalist opposition in Serbia but provoked a violent reaction from the governing majority including death threats. On the 20 June 1928, a member of the government majority, the Montenegrin deputy Puniša Račić shot down five members of the Croatian Peasant Party (formerly the Croatian Republican Peasant Party) including their leader Stjepan Radić. Two died on the floor of the Assembly while the life of Stjepan Radić hung in the balance. 1928 (MCMXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... Stjepan Radić (May 11, 1871 – August 8, 1928) was a Croatian politician and the founder of the Croatian Peasant Party (CPP, Hrvatska Seljačka Stranka) in 1905. ... Svetozar Pribičević (1875 - 1936) was a Croatian Serb politician who worked hard for creation of Yugoslavia. ... June 20 is the 171st day of the year (172nd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 194 days remaining. ... 1928 (MCMXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... Montenegrins (Serbian and Montenegrin: Црногорци / Crnogorci) are a South Slavic people who are primarily associated with the Republic of Montenegro. ... PuniÅ¡a Račić (Пуниша Рачић) was a Serbian politician, a member of the Yugoslav Parliament from the National Radical Party, who assassinated Stjepan Radić along with two other Croatian Peasant Party representatives and wounding a further two. ... The Croatian Peasant Party (Croatian: Hrvatska seljačka stranka, HSS) was formed in 1905 by Stjepan Radić, a leading Croatian politician. ...


The opposition now completely withdrew from parliament declaring that they would not return to a parliament in which several of their representatives had been killed and insisting on new elections. On the 1 August, at a meeting in Zagreb, they renounced the 1 December Declaration of 1920. In this they were demanding that the negotiations for unification should begin from scratch. On October 8, Stjepan Radić died. August 1 is the 213th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (214th in leap years), with 152 days remaining. ... October 8 is the 281st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (282nd in leap years). ...


The 6th of January Dictatorship

Not long after that, on 6 January 1929, using as a pretext the political crisis triggered by the shooting, King Alexander abolished the Constitution, prorogued the Parliament and introduced a personal dictatorship (the so-called January 6th Dictatorship, Šestojanuarska diktatura). He also changed the name of the country to Kingdom of Yugoslavia and changed the internal divisions from the 33 oblasts to nine new banovinas on 3 October. January 6 is the 6th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1929 (MCMXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... An oblast (Russian, Ukrainian: о́бласть) is a name for the subnational entity of Bulgaria, Russian Federation, Ukraine, and the former Soviet Union. ... Ban was a title used in some states in central and south-eastern Europe between the 9th century and the 20th century. ... October 3 is the 276th day of the year (277th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ...


In 1931 Alexander decreed a new Constitution which made executive power the gift of the King. Elections were to be by universal suffrage (though universal still didn't include women). The provision for a secret ballot was dropped and pressure on public employees to vote for the governing party was to be a feature of all elections held under Alexander's constitution. Further, half the upper house was directly appointed by the King and legislation could become law with the approval of one of the houses alone if it was also approved by the King. Year 1931 (MCMXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link is to a full 1931 calendar). ...


Croat opposition to the new regime was strong and, in late 1932, the Croatian Peasant Party issued the Zagreb Manifesto which sought an end to Serb hegemony and dictatorship. Belgrade reacted by imprisoning many political opponents including the new Croatian Peasant Party leader Vladko Maček. Despite these measures, opposition to the dictatorship continued, with Croats calling for a solution to what was called the Croatian question. In late 1934, the king planned to release Maček from prison, introduce democratic reforms, and attempt find common ground between Serbs and Croats. 1932 (MCMXXXII) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link will take you to a full 1932 calendar). ... The Croatian Peasant Party (Croatian: Hrvatska seljačka stranka, HSS) was formed in 1905 by Stjepan Radić, a leading Croatian politician. ... Vladko Maček (June 20, 1879 – May 15, 1964) was a Croatian politician from the first half of the 20th century. ... 1934 (MCMXXXIV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ...


However, on 9 October 1934, the king was assassinated in Marseille, France by a Bulgarian Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization activist Velichko Kerin, also known by his revolutionary pseudonym Vlado Chernosemski, in a conspiracy with Yugoslav exiles and radical members of banned political parties in cooperation with the Croatian extreme right-wing Ustaše organisation. October 9 is the 282nd day of the year (283rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1934 (MCMXXXIV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... City flag Coat of arms Motto: By her great deeds, Marseille shines in the world Location Coordinates Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Administration Country France Region Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur Department Bouches-du-Rhône (13) Subdivisions 16 arrondissements (in 8 secteurs) Intercommunality Urban Community of Marseille Provence... Excerpt from the statute of BMARC, 1896 (in Bulgarian) Statute of the Bulgarian Macedonian-Adrianople Revolutionary Committees Chapter I. - Goal Chapter II. - Structure and Organization Excerpt from the statute of IMARO, 1906 (in Bulgarian) Statute of Internal Macedonian-Adrianople Revolutionary Organisation (amended at the general congress in 1906) Chapter I... Vlado Chernosemski (or Chernozemski, Bulgarian: ) (19 October 1897-10 October 1934) was the pseudonym of the Bulgarian-born revolutionary and assassin Velichko Dimitrov Kerin (Величко Димитров Керин). According to Bulgarian records, he was born in the village of Kamenitsa (now part of Velingrad), near Peshtera, Bulgaria on October 19, 1897. ... UstaÅ¡e volunteers for the Waffen SS (Domobran Regiment) marching during a parade in the Independent State of Croatia. ...


Because Alexander's eldest son, Peter II, was a minor, a regency council of three, specified in Alexander's will, took over the role of king. The council was dominated by the king's cousin Prince Paul. King Peter II (Serbian Cyrillic: Краљ Петар II Карађорђевић) (6 September 1923 – 3 November 1970) was the last King of Yugoslavia. ... Image:Prince Pavle of Yugoslavia. ...


In the late 1930s, internal tensions continued to increase with Serbs and Croats seeking to establish ethnic federal subdivisions. Serbs wanted present-day Macedonia, Vojvodina, Montenegro united with Serb lands while Croatia wanted Dalmatia and some of Vojvodina. Both sides claimed territory in present-day Bosnia and Herzegovina populated by Bosniak Muslims. The expansion of Nazi Germany in 1938 gave new momentum to efforts to solve these problems and in 1939 Prince Paul appointed Dragiša Cvetković as prime minister, with the goal of reaching an agreement with the Croatian opposition. Accordingly, on 26 August 1939, Vladko Maček became vice premier of Yugoslavia and an autonomous Banovina of Croatia was established with its own parliament (sabor). This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... A map displaying todays federations. ... Republic of Serbia   â€“Vojvodina   â€“Kosovo (UN admin. ... Bosniaks (natively: Bošnjaci) are South Slavs descended from those who converted to Islam during the Ottoman period (15th-19th century). ... Nazi Germany, or the Third Reich, commonly refers to Germany in the years 1933–1945, when it was under the firm control of the totalitarian and fascist ideology of the Nazi Party, with the Führer Adolf Hitler as dictator. ... 1938 (MCMXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... DragiÅ¡a Cvetković (1893 - 1969) was a Yugoslav political figure. ... August 26 is the 238th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (239th in leap years). ... The Banovina of Croatia (1939-1941). ... The parliament of Croatia is called Hrvatski Sabor in Croatian - the word sabor means an assembly, a gathering, a congress. ...


These changes satisfied neither Serbs who were concerned with the status of the Serb minority in the new Banovina of Croatia and who wanted more of Bosnia and Herzegovina as Serbian territory. The Croatian nationalist Ustaše were also angered by any settlement short of full independence for a Greater Croatia including all of Bosnia and Herzegovina.


Downfall of the Kingdom

Fearing an invasion of the World War II Axis Powers, Prince Paul signed the Tripartite Pact on 25 March 1941, pledging cooperation with the Axis. Because of his decision, massive demonstrations took place in Belgrade and, on 27 March, the regime was overthrown by a military coup d'état with British support. The 18-year-old King Peter II seized power with General Dušan Simović becoming prime minister and Yugoslavia de facto withdrew its support for the Axis without formally renouncing the Tripartite Pact. Although the new rulers opposed Germany, they also feared that if Hitler attacked Yugoslavia, the United Kingdom was not in any real position to help. Regardless of this, in April 1941, the Axis powers invaded the Kingdom of Yugoslavia and quickly conquered it. The royal family, including Prince Paul, escaped abroad. Invasion of Yugoslavia Operation 25 was the german code-name for the so-called April War, the German attack on Yugoslavia on April 6, 1941. ... Combatants Major Allied powers: United Kingdom Soviet Union United States Republic of China and others Major Axis powers: Nazi Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Harry Truman Chiang Kai-Shek Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tojo Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Image:Prince Pavle of Yugoslavia. ... Axis Powers signing with Saburo Kurusu, Galeazzo Ciano and Adolf Hitler in 1940. ... March 25 is the 84th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (85th in leap years). ... This article is about the year. ... Belgrade (Serbian: Београд or Beograd  ) is the capital and largest city of Serbia. ... March 27 is the 86th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (87th in leap years). ... A coup d’État (pronounced ), or simply coup, is the sudden overthrow of a government through unconstitutional means by a part of the state establishment — mostly replacing just the high-level figures. ... King Peter II (Serbian Cyrillic: Краљ Петар II Карађорђевић) (6 September 1923 – 3 November 1970) was the last King of Yugoslavia. ... Hitler redirects here. ... Invasion of Yugoslavia Operation 25 was the german code-name for the so-called April War, the German attack on Yugoslavia on April 6, 1941. ...


The Kingdom of Yugoslavia was soon divided by the Axis into several entities: Hungary and Bulgaria annexed some border areas, Croatia was made into the Independent State of Croatia, and a rump Serbian state was created under the administration of Milan Nedić, which still recognized Peter II as King. It has been suggested that Hanging in NDH be merged into this article or section. ... Milan Nedić Serbian Cyrillic Милан Недић (September 2, 1878 – 1946) was a Serbian soldier and politician who was a major collaborator during World War II. Nedić was born in Grocka, Serbia. ...


Peter II, who had escaped into exile, was still recognized as King of the whole state by the allies. However, over the course of the war, effective power changed to the hands of Tito's Communist Partisans. On 16 June 1944, the Tito-Šubašić Agreement was signed which merged the de facto and the de jure government of Yugoslavia. This does not cite its references or sources. ... Yugoslav Partisan Flag The Yugoslav Partisans were the main resistance movement engaged in the fight against the Axis forces in the Balkans during World War II, the Yugoslav Peoples Liberation War. ... June 16 is the 167th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (168th in leap years), with 198 days remaining. ... 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1944 calendar). ... The Tito-Å ubaÅ¡ić Agreement was an attempt by the Westerners to merge pre-war royal government of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia with the communist-lead partisans who were defending the country in Second World War and were de facto rulers on the liberated territories. ...


In early 1945, after the Germans had been driven out, the Kingdom was formally restored, but the new Communist authorities soon proclaimed the Democratic Federal Yugoslavia on 2 December 1945. The new Yugoslavia covered roughly the same territory as the Kingdom had, but it was no longer a kingdom. The Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia was a Balkan state that existed from 1945 to 1992. ... December 2 is the 336th day (337th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1945 calendar). ...


Foreign policy

Pro-Allied government

The Kingdom nourished a close relationship with the Allies of World War I, especially with Yugoslavia's traditional supporters of France and Britain between 1920 and 1934. European military alliances in 1914. ... Year 1920 (MCMXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday. ... 1934 (MCMXXXIV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ...


The Little Entente

The Kingdom of Yugoslavia had formed the Little Entente with Czechoslovakia and Romania from 1920 to 1921 to prevent possibilities of Hungary's desires to restore what it lost after the First World War. The alliance soon fell apart as Yugoslavia didn't involve itself in Romania and Czechoslovakia's territorial expansion actions against Hungary. Little Entente was the name of an alliance formed in 1920 and 1921 by Czechoslovakia, Romania and Yugoslavia with the purpose of defending against Hungarian irredentism and preventing the Habsburg restoration. ... Year 1920 (MCMXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday. ... Year 1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for full calendar). ... Ypres, 1917, in the vicinity of the Battle of Passchendaele. ...


Balkan alliances

The Kingdom of Yugoslavia formed a Balkan Bloc with Greece, Romania and Turkey in 1924 that was intent on keeping balance on the Balkan peninsula. The alliance was formalized and entrenched in 9 February 1934 when it became the Balkan Entente. With the assassination of King Alexander I in Marseilles and the shifting of Yugoslav foreign policy, the alliance crumbled. The Balkan Bloc was an alliance with intention on keeping balance on the Balkan peninsula. ... 1924 (MCMXXIV) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Balkans is the historic and geographic name used to describe southeastern Europe (see the Definitions and boundaries section below). ... February 9 is the 40th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1934 (MCMXXXIV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Balkan Entente was an alliance formed in February 9, 1934 by Yugoslavia, Romania, Greece, and Turkey ( The former Balkan Bloc ) to safeguard their territorial integrity against Bulgarian revisionism. ...


Italian coalition

The Fascist Kingdom of Italy had territorial ambitions against the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, and formed a coalition against it with states with similar state designs, heavily influenced by Italy and/or fascism: Albania, Hungary, Romania and Bulgaria which lasted from 1924 to 1927. The 1927 cooperation with Britain and France made Italy withdraw. Fascism (in Italian, fascismo), capitalized, was the authoritarian political movement which ruled Italy from 1922 to 1943 under the leadership of Benito Mussolini. ... Anthem: Il Canto degli Italiani (also known as Fratelli dItalia) Capital (and largest city) Rome Italian1 Government Republic  - President Giorgio Napolitano  - Prime Minister Romano Prodi Formation    - Unification 17 March 1861   - Republic 2 June 1946  Accession to EU March 25, 1957 (founding member) Area  - Total 301,318 km² (71st) 116... Fascism (IPA: ) is a political ideology and mass movement that seeks to place the nation, defined in exclusive biological, cultural, and/or historical terms, above all other sources of loyalty, and to create a mobilized national community. ... 1924 (MCMXXIV) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1927 (MCMXXVII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1927 (MCMXXVII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ...


Friendship agreement

In response to the growing Italian expansionism, the royal government of Yugoslavia signed an agreement of friendship and cooperation in 1927 with Britain and France. 1927 (MCMXXVII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ...


Pro-Axis period

After the assassination of the King, the government switched to an extremely pro-Axis foreign policy, aligning itself with Fascist Italy from 1935 to 1941. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Benito Mussolini and Adolf Hitler Fascism (in Italian, fascismo), capitalized, refers to the right-wing authoritarian political movement which ruled Italy from 1922 to 1943 under the leadership of Benito Mussolini. ... 1935 (MCMXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... This article is about the year. ...


Demographics

Serbs, Croats and Slovenes were the constitutional nations up to 1929, when they were merged into a new nationality - Yugoslavs. The following data, grouped by mother tongue, is from the 1921 population census: 1929 (MCMXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... First language (native language, mother tongue, or vernacular) is the language a person learns first. ... Year 1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for full calendar). ...

  • Serbo-Croatian: 8,911,509 (74.36%)
Serbs - 44.57%
Croats - 23.5%
Moslem Yugoslavs - 6.29%

Serbo-Croatian (srpskohrvatski or hrvatskosrpski) is a name for a language of the Western group of the South Slavic languages. ... Serbs (Serbian: Срби or Srbi) are a South Slavic people who live mainly in Serbia, Montenegro, Bosnia-Herzegovina, and, to a lesser extent, in Croatia. ... Croats (Croatian: Hrvati) are a South Slavic people mostly living in Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina and nearby countries. ... Slavic Muslims are Slavs who observe the Islamic faith. ... Ruthenian was a historic East Slavic language, spoken in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and after 1569 in the East Slavic territories of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. ...

Ethnic groups

Yugoslavs: 82.87%
Germans: 4.22%
Hungarians: 3.90%
Albanians: 3.67%
Romanians: 1.93%
Turks: 1.25%
Czechs: 0.96%
Rusyns: 0.21%
Russians: 0.17%
Poles: 0.12%
Others: 0.69% Yugoslav (Serbian and Macedonian Cyrillic: Југословени, Latin: Jugosloveni; Croatian: Jugoslaveni, Slovenian: Jugoslovani) was an ethnic designation used by some people in former Yugoslavia, which continues to be used in some of its successor countries. ... Rusyns, also called Ruthenians, Ruthenes, Rusins, Carpatho-Rusins, and Russniaks, are a modern group of ethnic groups that speak the Rusyn language and are descended from the minority of Ruthenians who did not adopt a Ukrainian national identity and become Ukrainians in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. ...


Religious groups

This article is about the religous people known as Christians. ... Flag of the Serbian Orthodox Church The Serbian Orthodox Church (SOC) (Serbian: Српска Православна Црква / Srpska Pravoslavna Crkva; СПЦ / SPC) or the Church of Serbia is one of the autocephalous Orthodox Christian churches, ranking sixth after Constantinople, Alexandria, Antioch, Jerusalem, and Russia. ... The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... Protestantism is a general grouping of denominations within Christianity. ... A Muslim is a believer in or follower of Islam. ...

List of Kings

  1. King Peter I (1 Dec 1918 - 16 Aug 1921) (Regent Prince Alexander ruled in the name of the King)
  2. King Alexander (16 Aug 1921 - 9 Oct 1934)
  3. King Peter II (9 Oct 1934 - 29 Nov 1945) *exile from 13/14 Apr 1941
    • Regency headed by Prince Paul (9 Oct 1934 - 27 Mar 1941)

Peter I of Serbia Peter (Petar) KaraÄ‘orÄ‘ević (June 29, 1844 – August 16, 1921) became Serbias first constitutional monarch in the aftermath of the 1903 military coup that resulted in the overthrow of the Obrenović dynasty, returning from exile to take his place as King. ... Aleksandar I Karađorđević King Alexander I of Yugoslavia - Serbian Kralj Aleksandar I Karađorđević, in Cyrillic Краљ Александар I Карађорђе&#1074... King Peter II (Serbian Cyrillic: Краљ Петар II Карађорђевић) (6 September 1923 – 3 November 1970) was the last King of Yugoslavia. ... Image:Prince Pavle of Yugoslavia. ...

List of Prime ministers

  • Stojan Protić (1918-1919)
  • Ljubomir Davidović (1919-1920)
  • Stojan Protić (1920)
  • Milenko Vesnić (1920-1921)
  • Nikola Pašić (1921-1924)
  • Ljubomir Davidović (1924)
  • Nikola Pašić (1924-1926)
  • Nikola Uzunović (1926-1927)
  • Velimir Vukićević (1927-1928)
  • Anton Korošec (1928-1929)
  • Petar Živković (1929-1932)
  • Vojislav Marinković (1932)
  • Milan Srškić (1932-1934)
  • Nikola Uzunović (1934)
  • Bogoljub Jevtić (1934-1935)
  • Milan Stojadinović (1935-1939)
  • Dragiša Cvetković (1939-1941)

Prime ministers of Royal Government in Exile (in Cairo/London) Stojan Protić Serbian Cyrillic Стојан Протић (1857 - 1923) was a Yugoslavian political figure. ... Stojan Protić Serbian Cyrillic Стојан Протић (1857 - 1923) was a Yugoslavian political figure. ... Nikola PaÅ¡ić // Nikola P. PaÅ¡ić (Serbian Cyrillic: Никола П. Пашић, at the time also spelled Pashitch or Pachitch), (December 18, 1845, Zaječar, Serbia - December 10, 1926, Belgrade, Kingdom of the Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, today Serbia) was a Serbian and Yugoslav politician and diplomat, the most important Serbian political figure... Nikola PaÅ¡ić // Nikola P. PaÅ¡ić (Serbian Cyrillic: Никола П. Пашић, at the time also spelled Pashitch or Pachitch), (December 18, 1845, Zaječar, Serbia - December 10, 1926, Belgrade, Kingdom of the Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, today Serbia) was a Serbian and Yugoslav politician and diplomat, the most important Serbian political figure... Nikola Uzunovic (1873 1954) was a Serbian politician. ... Velimir Vukicevic (1871 – 1930) was a Serbian politician. ... Anton Korosec(born May 12, 1872, Wisserian, Styria, Austria-Hungary [now in Slovenia]died Dec. ... Petar Živković (1880 - 1947) was a Yugoslav political figure and soldier, he was prime minister of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia 1929-1932. ... Nikola Uzunovic (1873 1954) was a Serbian politician. ... Milan Stojadinović (July 23, 1888 - October 26, 1961) was a Yugoslav political figure. ... DragiÅ¡a Cvetković (1893 - 1969) was a Yugoslav political figure. ... Nickname: Al Qahirah (The Triumphant City) Cairos location in Egypt Coordinates: Governor Dr. Abdul Azim Wazir Area    - City 210 km²  - Metro 1,492 km² Population  - City 7,438,376  - Density 35,420/km²  - Urban 10,834,495  - Metro 15,200,000 Time zone EET (UTC+2) EEST (UTC+3... London (pronounced ) is the capital city of England and the United Kingdom. ...

  • Dušan T. Simović (1941-1942)
  • Slobodan Jovanović (1942-1943)
  • Miloš Trifunović (1943)
  • Božidar Purić (1943-1944)
  • Ivan Šubašić (1944-45)
  • Drago Marušić (1945)

Slobodan Jovanović (3 December 1869, Novi Sad, Austria-Hungary - 12 December 1958, London, United Kingdom) was prime minister of the Yugoslav government in exile during World War II from 11 January 1942 to 26 June 1943. ... Dr. Ivan Šubašić (May 7th 1892 - March 22nd 1955) is Croatian and Yugoslav politician, best known as the last Ban of Croatia. ...

Subdivisions

Map showing banovinas in 1929
Map showing banovinas in 1929

From 1918 to 1922, Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes continued to be subdivided into the pre-World War I divisions of Austria-Hungary and the formerly independent Balkan states of Serbia and Montenegro. Scan of a map of the banovinas of the kingdom of Yugoslavia from http://pubwww. ... Scan of a map of the banovinas of the kingdom of Yugoslavia from http://pubwww. ... Year 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... 1922 (MCMXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Austria-Hungary, also known as the Dual monarchy (or: the k. ... Anthem: Bože pravde (English: God of Justice) Capital (and largest city) Belgrade Serbian written with the Cyrillic alphabet1 Government Republic  - Prime Minister Vojislav KoÅ¡tunica  - President Boris Tadić Establishment    - Formation 814   - First Serbian Uprising 1804   - Internationally recognized July 13, 1878   - Kingdom of SCS created December 1, 1918   - SCG dissolved... Anthem: Oj, svijetla majska zoro Oh, the bright dawn of May Capital (and largest city) Podgorica Serbian (Ijekavian dialect)1 Government Republic  - President Filip Vujanović  - Prime Minister Željko Å turanović Independence from Serbia and Montenegro   - Declared June 3, 2006   - Recognised June 8, 2006  Area  - Total 13. ...


Oblasts

The Vidovdan Constitution of 1921 established the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes as a unitary state and, in 1922, 33 new administrative oblasts (provinces) ruled from the center were instituted. These bore no relation to the earlier divisions. Year 1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for full calendar). ... A map showing the unitary states. ... An oblast (Russian, Ukrainian: о́бласть) is a name for the subnational entity of Bulgaria, Russian Federation, Ukraine, and the former Soviet Union. ...

This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Belgrade (Serbian: Београд or Beograd  ) is the capital and largest city of Serbia. ... Municipality of Bosnia and Herzegovina General Information Entity {{{entity}}} Land area Population (1991 census) 70,896 Population density Coordinates Area code +387 37 Mayor Hamdija Lipovača (SDP) Website http://www. ... City motto : Битола, бабам Битола (Bitola, babam Bitola) Coordinates Municipality : Bitola municipality Elevation 576 m Population 95 385 Time zone  - Standard  - Summer (DST) CET (UTC+1) CEST (UTC+2) Founded Area code +389 047 Postal code 7000 Car plates BT Official Website www. ... Coordinates Mayor Milovan Janković Municipality area 910 km² Population  - city  - municipality 15,137 18,482 Time zone  - Standard  - Summer (DST) CET (UTC+1) CEST (UTC+2) Founded 1482 Area code +382 86 Car plates CT Official Website www. ... ÄŒačak (Serbian Cyrillic: Чачак) is a city located 140 km south from Belgrade in Serbia at 43°50 North, 20°20 East. ... Ćuprija (Serbian: Ћуприја) is a city in Serbia and Montenegro at 43. ... County Dubrovnik–Neretva Area 143. ... Karlovac on the map of Croatia Karlovac municipality within Karlovac county Karlovac is a city and municipality in central Croatia. ... Location in Serbia General Information Mayor Veroljub Stevanović Party SDPO Land area 865 km² Population (2002 census) 211. ... Location in Serbia [[Image:|150px|center|Map of Serbia highlighting the settlement location]] General Information Mayor Dragan Azdejković Land area 854 km2 Population (2005 census) 65,447 (149,732 municipality) Population density (2002)  ? Coordinates [1] Area code +381 37 Subdivisions 101 settlements in the municipality License plate code KÅ  Time...   (IPA: ) is the capital and largest city in Slovenia. ... Area: 147. ... Location in Bosnia and Herzegovina General Information Mayor Ljubo BeÅ¡lić (HDZ) Land area 1175 km² Population (2004 census) 125,448 Population density 95. ... NiÅ¡ or Nish (Serbian: Ниш / NiÅ¡,  , Latin: Naissus, Greek: Ναισσός Naissos) is a city in Serbia situated at 43. ... Nickname: Serbian Athens Motto: Град по мери грађана City of the citizens (in English) Location of Novi Sad within Serbia Coordinates: Country  Serbia Province Vojvodina District South Bačka Established 1694 City status February 1, 1748 Politics    - Mayor Maja Gojković (SRS)  - City assembly SRS, DSS and SPS  - Municipalities 2 (Novi Sad and Petrovaradin) Area... Osijek (pronounced: []) is the fourth largest city in Croatia with a population of 114,616 in 2001. ... Požarevac (Пожаревац, Turkish: Pasarofça, German: Passarowitz, Hungarian: Pozsarevác) is a city located in Serbia and Montenegro at 44°37′12″N, 21°11′23″E. It is the administrative center of the Branicevo District of Serbia. ... PriÅ¡tina, also spelled Pristina (Albanian: Prishtinë/Prishtina; Serbian: PriÅ¡tina/Приштина) is the capital and the largest city of Kosovo,Serbia. ... Map of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Sarajevo) Coordinates: Country Bosnia and Herzegovina Entity Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina Canton Sarajevo Canton Mayor Semiha Borovac Area    - City 142 km²  (54. ... Location in Serbia-Montenegro [[Image:|150px|center|Map of Serbia-Montenegro highlighting the settlement location]] General Information Mayor SaÅ¡a Radosavljević Land area  ? Population (2002 census) 77,808 (109,809 municipality) Population density (2002)  ? Coordinates [1] Area code +381 26 Subdivisions 27 settlements in the municipality License plate code SD... Look up Split in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Skopje (Macedonian: ) is the capital and largest city in the Republic of Macedonia, with more than a quarter of the population of the country, as well as the political, cultural, economical and academic centre of the country. ... See also: Sabac (disambiguation) Å abac (Шабац) is a city located in Serbia at 44. ... City motto : Coordinates Municipality : Å tip municipality Elevation m Population 46 732 Time zone  - Standard  - Summer (DST) CET (UTC+1) CEST (UTC+2) Founded Area code +389 032 Postal code 2000 Car plates Å T Official Website www. ... Location in Bosnia and Herzegovina General Information Mayor Tarih Lendo (SDA) Land area 35 km² Population 70,000 Population density Coordinates Area code +387 30 Subdivisions Website http://www. ... Tuzla (Serbian Cyrillic: Тузла) is a city in Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Užice (Serbian Cyrillic: Ужице) is a town located in Serbia and Montenegro at 43. ... Valjevo postcard Valjevo (Serbian Cyrillic: Ваљево) is a city located in Serbia and Montenegro at 44. ... Vranje (Врање) is a city located in Serbia and Montenegro at 42. ... Position of Vukovar within Croatia Vukovar (Hungarian: Vukovár, German: Wukowar) is a city in eastern Croatia, and the biggest river port in Croatia located at the confluence of the Vuka river into the Danube. ... Zagreb (pronounced: ) is the capital and largest city of Croatia. ... Zaječar is a town on the east of Republic of Serbia. ...

Banovinas

From 1929, the Kingdom was subdivided into nine new provinces called banovinas. Their borders were intentionally drawn so that they would not correspond either to boundaries between ethnic groups, or to pre-World War I imperial borders. They were named after various geographic features, mostly rivers. The capital of the kingdom was Belgrade. Slight changes to their borders were made in 1931 with the new Yugoslav Constitution. The banovinas were as follow: A province is a territorial unit, almost always a country subdivision. ... Ban was a title used in some states in central and south-eastern Europe between the 9th century and the 20th century. ... Combatants Allied Powers: Russian Empire France British Empire Italy Empire of Japan United States Central Powers: Austria-Hungary German Empire Ottoman Empire Bulgaria Commanders Nicholas II Aleksei Brusilov Georges Clemenceau Joseph Joffre Ferdinand Foch Herbert Henry Asquith Douglas Haig John Jellicoe Victor Emmanuel III Luigi Cadorna Armando Diaz Woodrow Wilson... In politics, a capital (also called capital city or political capital — although the latter phrase has a second meaning based on an alternative sense of capital) is the principal city or town associated with a countrys government. ... Belgrade (Serbian: Београд or Beograd  ) is the capital and largest city of Serbia. ... Year 1931 (MCMXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link is to a full 1931 calendar). ...

As an accommodation to Yugoslav Croats, the Banovina of Croatia (Banovina Hrvatska) was formed in 1939 from a merger of the Maritime and Sava Banovinas, with some additional territory from the Vrbas and Zeta Banovinas. Like Sava, its capital was Zagreb. Map showing Yugoslav banovinas in 1929 (The Drava Banovina is coloured yellow, on the top left part of the map) The Drava Banovina or Drava Banate (Slovenian and Croatian: Dravska banovina) was a province (banovina) of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia between 1929 and 1941. ...   (IPA: ) is the capital and largest city in Slovenia. ... The Banovina of Croatia (1939-1941). ... Zagreb (pronounced: ) is the capital and largest city of Croatia. ... Map showing Yugoslav banovinas in 1929 (The Sava Banovina is coloured pink, on the top left part of the map) The Sava Banovina or Sava Banate (Croatian: Savska banovina) was a province (banovina) of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia between 1929 and 1939. ... Zagreb (pronounced: ) is the capital and largest city of Croatia. ... Map showing Yugoslav banovinas in 1929 (The Littoral Banovina is coloured purple, on the left part of the map) The Littoral Banovina or Littoral Banate (Croatian and Bosnian: Primorska banovina) was a province (banovina) of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia between 1929 and 1939. ... Look up Split in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Map showing banovinas in 1929 (Vrbaska banovina is coloured green, in the left part of map) map of Vrbaska banovina The Vrbas Banovina (Serbian and Croatian: Vrbaska banovina) was a province (banovina) of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia between 1929 and 1941. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Map showing banovinas in 1929 (Drinska banovina is coloured orange) The Drina Banovina (Serbian: Drinska banovina) was a province (banovina) of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia with its capital at Sarajevo. ... Map of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Sarajevo) Coordinates: Country Bosnia and Herzegovina Entity Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina Canton Sarajevo Canton Mayor Semiha Borovac Area    - City 142 km²  (54. ... Map showing Yugoslav banovinas in 1929 (The Zeta Banovina is coloured pink, in the central part of the map) The Zeta Banovina or Zeta Banate (Serbian Bosnian, and Croatian: Зетска бановина Zetska banovina) was a province (banovina) of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia between 1929 and 1941. ... Coordinates Mayor Milovan Janković Municipality area 910 km² Population  - city  - municipality 15,137 18,482 Time zone  - Standard  - Summer (DST) CET (UTC+1) CEST (UTC+2) Founded 1482 Area code +382 86 Car plates CT Official Website www. ... Dunavska banovina map The Danube Banovina (or Danube Banate; Serbian and Croatian: Дунавска бановина Dunavska banovina) was a province (banate) of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia between 1929 and 1941. ... Nickname: Serbian Athens Motto: Град по мери грађана City of the citizens (in English) Location of Novi Sad within Serbia Coordinates: Country  Serbia Province Vojvodina District South Bačka Established 1694 City status February 1, 1748 Politics    - Mayor Maja Gojković (SRS)  - City assembly SRS, DSS and SPS  - Municipalities 2 (Novi Sad and Petrovaradin) Area... Map showing Yugoslav banovinas in 1929 (The Zeta Banovina is coloured yellow, on the right part of the map) The Morava Banovina or Morava Banate (Serbian: Моравска бановина Moravska banovina) was a province (banovina) of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia between 1929 and 1941. ... NiÅ¡ or Nish (Serbian: Ниш / NiÅ¡,  , Latin: Naissus, Greek: Ναισσός Naissos) is a city in Serbia situated at 43. ... Map of the Vardar Banovina Map showing Yugoslav banovinas in 1929 (The Vardar Banovina is coloured green, on the lower right part of the map) The Vardar Banovina or Vardar Banate or in Serbian: Вардарска бановина/Vardarska banovina) was a province (banovina) of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia between 1929 and 1941. ... Skopje (Macedonian: ) is the capital and largest city in the Republic of Macedonia, with more than a quarter of the population of the country, as well as the political, cultural, economical and academic centre of the country. ... Belgrade (Serbian: Београд or Beograd  ) is the capital and largest city of Serbia. ... Location in Serbia General Information Mayor or municipality president Gordana Pop-Lazić Land area 153,56km² Population (2002 census) 145,751 (152,950 municipality) Population density (2002) 996 per km² Coordinates [1] Area code +381 11 Subdivisions 4 settlements in the municipality License plate code BG Time zone UTC+1... Location in Serbia General Information Mayor or municipality president SrÄ‘an Miković Land area 230 km² Population (2002 census) 76,110 (126,069 municipality) Population density (2002) 216/km² Coordinates [1] Area code +381 13 Subdivisions 10 settlements in the municipality License plate code PA Time zone UTC+1 Website... Croats (Croatian: Hrvati) are a South Slavic people mostly living in Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina and nearby countries. ... The Banovina of Croatia (1939-1941). ... 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ...


See also

The anthem of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia consisted of a combination of sections of Serbian, Croatian and Slovenian traditional anthems. ... The Corfu Declaration is the agreement that made the creation of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia possible. ... Yugoslav Committee (Jugoslavenski odbor) was a political interest group formed by south Slavs from Austria-Hungary during World War I aimed at joining the existing south Slavic nations in an independent state. ... Yugoslavia (Jugoslavija in Latin, Југославија in Cyrillic, English: Land of the South Slavs) describes four political entities that existed one at a time on the Balkan Peninsula in Europe, during most of the 20th century. ... Invasion of Yugoslavia Operation 25 was the german code-name for the so-called April War, the German attack on Yugoslavia on April 6, 1941. ... The 1923 election in the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes for the National Assembly took place on March 18, 1923. ...

External link

  • Full text of Constitution of 1931 (in English)

Yugoslavia (1929 - 1941; 1945 - 2003) Yugoslavia (Jugoslavija in Latin, Југославија in Cyrillic, English: Land of the South Slavs) describes four political entities that existed one at a time on the Balkan Peninsula in Europe, during most of the 20th century. ...

Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Vojvodina, and Boka Kotorska were part of Austria-Hungary
(until 1918)
See State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs and Banat, Bačka and Baranja




Free State of Fiume
(Rijeka)
(1920-1924)
Annexed by Italy in 1924, became part of Yugoslavia in 1947
Republic of Serbia   â€“Vojvodina   â€“Kosovo (UN admin. ... Historic mpap of the Bay, 16th century Boka Kotorska (Bay of Kotor, Bocche di Cattaro) in western Montenegro is a winding bay on the Adriatic sea. ... Austria-Hungary, also known as the Dual monarchy (or: the k. ... Year 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... Flag Capital Zagreb Language(s) Slovenian and Serbo-Croatian Government Republic President¹ Anton KoroÅ¡ec Vice presidents¹ Ante Pavelić Svetozar Pribićević Historical era World War I  - Independence 29 October, 1918  - Joined Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes 1 December, 1918 ¹ President and vice presidents of the National Council. ... Banat, Bačka and Baranja map The Banat, Bačka and Baranja was a de facto existing province of the Kingdom of Serbia and the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes between October 1918 and March 1919. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Free state of rijeka. ... Rijeka (in local Croatian dialects Rika and Reka; Fiume in Italian and Hungarian, Reka in Slovene; Sankt Veit am Flaum in older German; R(ij)eka and Fiume both mean river) is the principal seaport of Croatia, located on Kvarner Bay, an inlet of the Adriatic Sea. ... Year 1920 (MCMXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday. ... 1924 (MCMXXIV) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1924 (MCMXXIV) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Year 1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1947 calendar). ...

Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes
(1918-1929) The Kingdom of Yugoslavia was a Balkan state which existed from December 1, 1918 to mid-April 1941. ... Year 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... 1929 (MCMXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ...

Kingdom of Yugoslavia
(1929-1941)


1929 (MCMXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... This article is about the year. ...

Nazi Germany annexed parts of Slovenia
(1941-1945)
Fascist Italy annexed parts of Slovenia, Croatia and Montenegro
(1941-1943) Nazi Germany, or the Third Reich, commonly refers to Germany in the years 1933–1945, when it was under the firm control of the totalitarian and fascist ideology of the Nazi Party, with the Führer Adolf Hitler as dictator. ... This article is about the year. ... Year 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1945 calendar). ... Benito Mussolini and Adolf Hitler Fascism (in Italian, fascismo), capitalized, refers to the right-wing authoritarian political movement which ruled Italy from 1922 to 1943 under the leadership of Benito Mussolini. ... Anthem: Oj, svijetla majska zoro Oh, the bright dawn of May Capital (and largest city) Podgorica Serbian (Ijekavian dialect)1 Government Republic  - President Filip Vujanović  - Prime Minister Željko Å turanović Independence from Serbia and Montenegro   - Declared June 3, 2006   - Recognised June 8, 2006  Area  - Total 13. ... This article is about the year. ... 1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1943 calendar). ...

Democratic Federal Yugoslavia
(1943-1946) The Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia was a Balkan state that existed from 1945 to 1992. ... 1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1943 calendar). ... Year 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ...

Federal People's Republic of Yugoslavia
(1946-1963) The Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia was a Balkan state that existed from 1945 to 1992. ... Year 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... 1963 (MCMLXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (the link is to a full 1963 calendar). ...

Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
(1963-1992)   Capital Belgrade Language(s) Serbo-Croatian Macedonian Slovenian Government Federation of socialist republics Last President Stjepan Mesić Last Prime Minister Ante Marković Historical era Cold War  - Proclamation November 29 1943  - UN membership October 24, 1945  - Constitution 21 February 1974  - formation of FRY April 28 1992 Area  - July 1989 255,800... 1963 (MCMLXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (the link is to a full 1963 calendar). ... 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday. ...

Slovenia
(since 1991) 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Independent State of Croatia
(1941-1945) It has been suggested that Hanging in NDH be merged into this article or section. ... This article is about the year. ... Year 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1945 calendar). ...

Croatia
(since 1991)
Also, Republic of Serbian Krajina (1991-1995) 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Republic of Serb Krajina (Serbian: Република Српска Крајина, РСК; sometimes also translated Republic of Serbian Krajina) was a self-proclaimed Serbian entity in Croatia during the 1990s. ... 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Bosnia and Herzegovina
(since 1992)
Composed of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Republika Srpska since 1995, and of the Brčko District since 2000 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday. ... The location of the FBiH entity as part of the state of Bosnia and Herzegovina in Europe. ... Anthem: Bože Pravde (English: God of Justice) Patron Saint: Saint Stephen3 The location of Republika Srpska as part of Bosnia and Herzegovina in Europe. ... 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Official language Serbian, Bosnian (Serbo-Croation) and Croatian Official script Cyrillic alphabet, Latin alphabet Capital Brčko Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % water  208 km²  n/a Population  â€“ Total  â€“ Density  80,000  ? Ethnic groups (current est. ... This article is about the year 2000. ...

Hungary annexed Bačka, Baranja, Međimurje, and Prekmurje
(1941-1944/1945) Bačka (Serbian: Бачка or Bačka, Hungarian: Bácska, Croatian: Bačka, Slovak: Báčka, German: Batschka) is an area of the Pannonian plain lying between the rivers Danube and Tisa. ... Baranya (Hungarian, in Croatian and Serbian: Baranja) is the name of an administrative county (comitatus or megye) in present Hungary, and also in the former Kingdom of Hungary. ... Međimurje (Međimurska županija, Muraköz in Hungarian) is a triangle-shaped county in the northernmost part of Croatia. ... Prekmurje (Hungarian: Muravidék) is the easternmost region of Slovenia. ... This article is about the year. ... 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1944 calendar). ... Year 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1945 calendar). ...

Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
(1992-2003)
Official language Serbian written in Cyrillic alphabet1 Capital Belgrade2 President3 Svetozar Marović Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 105th 102,350 km² 0. ... 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Serbia and Montenegro
(2003-2006) 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ...

Serbia
(since 2006) Kosovo a de facto UN protectorate since 1999 Anthem: Bože pravde (English: God of Justice) Capital (and largest city) Belgrade Serbian written with the Cyrillic alphabet1 Government Republic  - Prime Minister Vojislav KoÅ¡tunica  - President Boris Tadić Establishment    - Formation 814   - First Serbian Uprising 1804   - Internationally recognized July 13, 1878   - Kingdom of SCS created December 1, 1918   - SCG dissolved... The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ... For other uses of the name Kosovo, see Kosovo (disambiguation). ... 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ...

Autonomous Banat
(1941-1944) Banat region, 1941-1944 The Banat was an autonomous region within German-occupied Serbia between 1941 and 1944. ... This article is about the year. ... 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1944 calendar). ...

Kingdom of Serbia
(until 1918) Anthem: Bože Pravde [[Image:|250px|center|Location of the Kingdom of Serbia]] Capital Belgrade Largest city Belgrade Serbian Government Monarchy  - King Milan (1882-1889)  - King Aleksandar (1889-1903)  - King Peter I (1903-1918) Proclamation March 6, 1882 Area  - Total  km² ([[List of countries and outlying territories by area|]])  sq... Year 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ...

Nedić's Serbia
(1941-1944)

Republic of Užice
(1941) Nedićs Serbia (Nedićeva Srbija) is the popular name for the Serbian nazi puppet state that existed between 1941 and 1944, on the teritory of parts of todays Serbia. ... This article is about the year. ... 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1944 calendar). ... The Republic of Užice (Serbo-Croatian: Užička Republika) was a short-lived military mini-state that existed in Autumn 1941 in the western part of Nazi-occupied Serbia. ... This article is about the year. ...

Albania annexed most of Kosovo, western Macedonia and south-eastern parts of Montenegro
(1941-1944) For other uses of the name Kosovo, see Kosovo (disambiguation). ... Anthem: Oj, svijetla majska zoro Oh, the bright dawn of May Capital (and largest city) Podgorica Serbian (Ijekavian dialect)1 Government Republic  - President Filip Vujanović  - Prime Minister Željko Å turanović Independence from Serbia and Montenegro   - Declared June 3, 2006   - Recognised June 8, 2006  Area  - Total 13. ... This article is about the year. ... 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1944 calendar). ...

Kingdom of Montenegro
(until 1918) The history of Montenegro begins in the early Middle Ages, after the arrival of the Slavs into that part of the former Roman province of Dalmatia that forms present-day Montenegro. ... Year 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ...

Montenegro (occupied by Italy)
(1941-1945) Anthem: Oj, svijetla majska zoro Oh, the bright dawn of May Capital (and largest city) Podgorica Serbian (Ijekavian dialect)1 Government Republic  - President Filip Vujanović  - Prime Minister Željko Å turanović Independence from Serbia and Montenegro   - Declared June 3, 2006   - Recognised June 8, 2006  Area  - Total 13. ... Flag Capital Cetinje Language(s) Serbian Organizational structure Client state President  - 1941 Serafino Mazzolini  - 1941 - 1943 Alessandro Pirzio Biroli  - 1943 Curio Barbasetti di Prun  - 1943 - 1944 Theodor Geib  - 1944 Wilhelm Keiper Historical era World War II  - Invasion of Yugoslavia 1941  - Disestablished 1944 Currency Italian lira Montenegro existed as a separate... This article is about the year. ... Year 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1945 calendar). ...

Montenegro
(since 2006) Anthem: Oj, svijetla majska zoro Oh, the bright dawn of May Capital (and largest city) Podgorica Serbian (Ijekavian dialect)1 Government Republic  - President Filip Vujanović  - Prime Minister Željko Å turanović Independence from Serbia and Montenegro   - Declared June 3, 2006   - Recognised June 8, 2006  Area  - Total 13. ... The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ...

Modern Republic of Macedonia was part of Kingdom of Serbia
(until 1918) Anthem: Bože Pravde [[Image:|250px|center|Location of the Kingdom of Serbia]] Capital Belgrade Largest city Belgrade Serbian Government Monarchy  - King Milan (1882-1889)  - King Aleksandar (1889-1903)  - King Peter I (1903-1918) Proclamation March 6, 1882 Area  - Total  km² ([[List of countries and outlying territories by area|]])  sq... Year 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ...

Bulgaria annexed most of modern Republic of Macedonia and south-eastern parts of Serbia
(1941-1944) Anthem: (Macedonian for Today over Macedonia) Capital (and largest city) Skopje Macedonian, Albanian1 Government Parliamentary republic  - President Branko Crvenkovski  - Prime Minister Nikola Gruevski Independence from Yugoslavia   - Declared September 8, 1991  Area  - Total 25,333 km² (148th) 9,779 sq mi   - Water (%) 1. ... Anthem: Bože pravde (English: God of Justice) Capital (and largest city) Belgrade Serbian written with the Cyrillic alphabet1 Government Republic  - Prime Minister Vojislav KoÅ¡tunica  - President Boris Tadić Establishment    - Formation 814   - First Serbian Uprising 1804   - Internationally recognized July 13, 1878   - Kingdom of SCS created December 1, 1918   - SCG dissolved... This article is about the year. ... 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1944 calendar). ...

Republic of Macedonia
(since 1991) Anthem: (Macedonian for Today over Macedonia) Capital (and largest city) Skopje Macedonian, Albanian1 Government Parliamentary republic  - President Branko Crvenkovski  - Prime Minister Nikola Gruevski Independence from Yugoslavia   - Declared September 8, 1991  Area  - Total 25,333 km² (148th) 9,779 sq mi   - Water (%) 1. ... 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Serbia Info / History of Serbia:The Kingdom of Yugoslavia (1918 - 1941) (489 words)
With the end of World War I and the downfall of Austria-Hungary and the Ottoman Empire the conditions were met for proclaiming the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenians in December of 1918.
Yugoslavia was an obstacle for these plans and King Aleksandar I was the pillar of the Yugoslav policy.
During an official visit to France in 1934, the king was assassinated in Marseilles by a member of VMRO - an extreme nationalist organization in Bulgaria that had plans to annex territories along the eastern and southern Yugoslav border - with the cooperation of the Ustashi - a Croatian fascist separatist organization.
Kingdom of Yugoslavia (750 words)
The Kingdom of Yugoslavia was a Balkan state which existed from December 1, 1918 to mid-April 1941.
The kingdom was formed in 1918 under the name Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (Serbo-Croatian Kraljevina Srba, Hrvata i Slovenaca, Slovenian Kraljevina Srbov, Hrvatov in Slovencev, short name Kraljevina SHS).
The new Kingdom was made up of the formerly independent kingdoms of Serbia and Montenegro, as well as a substantial amount of territory that was formerly part of Austria-Hungary, the State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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