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Encyclopedia > Kingdom of Saxony

The Kingdom of Saxony, lasting between 1806 and 1918, was an independent member of a number of historical confederacies in Germany, finally being absorbed into the Weimar Republic in 1918. Its capital was the city of Dresden. The period of German history from 1919 to 1933 is known as the Weimar Republic (IPA , German Weimarer Republik). ... Dresden is the capital city of the German federal state of Saxony, is situated in a valley on the river Elbe. ...


History

The Holy Roman Empire was dissolved in 1806, following centuries of decline, and the defeat of Emperor Francis II by Napoleon at the Battle of Austerlitz. The Kingdom of Saxony emerged as one of its independent successor states with Frederick Augustus I as monarch. Coats of arms of the emperors of the Holy Roman Empire This page is about the Germanic empire. ... Francis II Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor, who is also referred to as Francis von Habsburg or Emperor Franz I of Austria (February 12, 1768 – March 2, 1835) was the last Holy Roman Emperor, ruling from 1792 until August 6, 1806, when the Empire was disbanded. ... For other uses, see Napoleon (disambiguation). ... Map of the battle from the 4th edition of Meyers Konversationslexikon. ... Frederick Augustus I (or III) of Saxony (December 23, 1750 - May 5, 1827). ...


Briefly joining the Confederation of the Rhine, until this broke apart in 1813 with Napoleon's defeat in Russia, in 1815 the Kingdom of Saxony became a member of the German Confederation as a result of the Congress of Vienna. The Confederation of the Rhine (Rheinbund, Confédération du Rhin) lasted from 1806 to 1813 and was formed from 16 minor German states by Napoleon after he defeated Francis II and Alexander I in the Battle of the Three Emperors at Austerlitz. ... The German Confederation (German: Deutscher Bund) was a loose association of Central European states created by the Congress of Vienna in 1815 to organize the surviving states of the Holy Roman Empire, which had been abolished in 1806. ... The Congress of Vienna was a conference between ambassadors from the major powers in Europe that was chaired by the Austrian statesman Klemens Wenzel von Metternich and held in Vienna, Austria, from October 1, 1814, to June 9, 1815. ...


The Confederation was dissolved in 1866 after the Austro-Prussian War, and was succeeded in turn by the North German Confederation, led by Prussia. With Prussia's victory over France in the Franco-Prussian War of 1871, the members of the Confederation were organised by Otto von Bismarck into the German Empire, with Wilhelm I as its Emperor. John I, as Saxony's incumbent king, was subordinate and owed allegiance to the Emperor. It has been suggested that Gastein Convention be merged into this article or section. ... The North German Confederation (German Norddeutscher Bund), a transitional grouping which existed (1867 - 1871) between the dissolution of the German Confederation and the founding of the German Empire, cemented Prussian control over the 22 states of Northern Germany and emanated that same control (via the Zollverein) into southern Germany. ... The coat of arms of the Kingdom of Prussia, 1701-1918 The word Prussia (German: Preußen, Polish: Prusy, Lithuanian: Prūsai, Latin: Borussia) has had various (often contradictory) meanings: The land of the Baltic Prussians (in what is now parts of southern Lithuania, the Kaliningrad exclave of Russia and... The Franco-Prussian War (July 19, 1870 – May 10, 1871) was fought between France and Prussia (backed by the North German Confederation) allied with the south German states of Baden, Bavaria and Württemberg. ... Count Otto Eduard Leopold von Bismarck-Schönhausen, Duke of Lauenburg (April 1, 1815 – July 30, 1898) was one of the most prominent European aristocrats and statesmen of the nineteenth century. ... The term German Empire commonly refers to Germany, from its consolidation as a unified nation-state on January 18, 1871, until the abdication of Kaiser (Emperor) Wilhelm II on November 9, 1918. ... Wilhelm I of Germany (In English: William I), (March 22, 1797 – March 9, 1888), German Emperor (Kaiser), ruled January 18, 1871 – 1888 and king of Prussia, ruled 1861–1888. ... Johann I of Saxony, Johann Nepomuk Maria Joseph Anton Xaver Vincenz Aloys Franz de Paula Stanislaus Bernhard Paul Felix Damasus, King of Saxony (12 December 1801-29 October 1873) was the son of Maximilian, Duke of Saxony (1759-1838) and his first wife, Caroline of Bourbon-Parma (1770-1804). ...


End

Wilhelm I's grandson Kaiser Wilhelm II abdicated in 1918 as a result of Germany's defeat in the First World War. King Frederick Augustus III of Saxony followed him into abdication and the erstwhile Kingdom of Saxony became a state within the newly-formed Weimar Republic, thus ceasing a somewhat brief history as a kingdom. Kaiser is a German title meaning emperor, derived from the Roman title of Caesar, as is the Slavic title of Czar. ... Wilhelm II of Germany (born Friedrich Wilhelm Viktor Albert von Preußen 27 January 1859–4 June 1941), was the last German Emperor (Kaiser) and the last King (König) of Prussia, ruling from 1888 to 1918. ... Ypres, 1917, in the vicinity of the Battle of Passchendaele. ... Friedrich August III Johann Ludwig Karl Gustav Gregor Philipp, King of Saxony (25 May 1865 -18 February 1932) was the son of King Georg I of Saxony (1832-1904) and his wife Maria Ana Infanta of Portugal (1843-1884). ...


See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
Saxony (7900 words)
This old Duchy of Saxony, as it is called in distinction from the Duchy of Saxe-Wittenberg, became the centre of the opposition of the German princes to the imperial power during the era of the Franconian or Salian emperors.
The Kingdom of Saxony is the fifth state of the German Empire in area and third in population; in 1905 the average population per square mile was 778.8.
The Vicariate Apostolic of Saxony, and the Prefecture Apostolic of Saxon Upper Lusatia.
Lalor, Cyclopaedia of Political Science, V.3, Entry 167, SAXONY: Library of Economics and Liberty (1770 words)
The kingdom of Saxony forms part of the German empire; it has an area of 14,968 square kilometres; its frontiers, with a total length of 1,191 kilometres, border on Prussia to an extent of 306 kilometres, and on Austria to an extent of 644 kilometres; the rest is bounded by various other states of Germany.
—The population of the kingdom of Saxony was 2,225,280 in December, 1861, and 2,556,022 at the end of 1871; in 1880 it was 2,972,805; the country is therefore one of the most densely populated of Europe.
In Saxony the power of the crown is less limited than in most other constitutional monarchies, which results in part from the antiquity of the dynasty and in part from the moderation and spirit of justice which, for many generations, have animated the princes of the house of Saxony.
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