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Encyclopedia > Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is a country on the Arabian Peninsula. It borders Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Bahrain, the United Arab Emirates and Yemen, with the Persian Gulf to its north-east and the Red Sea to its west. Arabia redirects here. ... The Republic of Iraq is a Middle Eastern country in southwestern Asia encompassing the ancient region of Mesopotamia at the confluence of the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers. ... The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, commonly called Jordan, is a country in the Middle East. ... The State of Kuwait is a small oil-rich monarchy on the coast of the Persian Gulf, enclosed by Saudi Arabia in the south and Iraq in the north. ... The Sultanate of Oman is a country in the southwestern part of Asia, on the southeast coast of the Arabian Peninsula. ... The State of Qatar (قطر) is an emirate in the Middle East. ... The Kingdom of Bahrain, or Bahrain (occasionally spelt Bahrein), is a borderless island nation in the Persian Gulf (Southwest Asia/Middle East, Asia). ... The United Arab Emirates is an oil-rich country situated in the south-east of the Arabian Peninsula in Southwest Asia, comprising seven emirates: Abu Dhabi, Ajman, Dubai, Fujairah, Ras al-Khaimah, Sharjah and Umm al-Quwain. ... The Republic of Yemen is a country in the Arabian Peninsula in Southwest Asia, and is a part of the Middle East, bordering the Arabian Sea, Gulf of Aden, and Red Sea, between Oman and Saudi Arabia. ... A satellite image showing the Persian Gulf The Persian Gulf (Persian: خلیج فارس, Arabic: الخليج الفارسي) is an extension of the Gulf of Oman in between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. ... (Red Sea is also the name of a state in Sudan) Conshelf II in the Red Sea (Sudan) The Red Sea (Arabic البحر الأحمر Baḥr al-Aḥmar, al-Baḥru l-’Aḥmar; Hebrew ים סוף Yam Suf) is a gulf or basin of the Indian Ocean between Africa and Asia. ...

المملكة العربية السعودية
Al-Mamlakah al-'Arabiyah as-Sa'udiyah
Image:SaudiCoat.PNG
(In Detail) (In Detail)
National motto: None
image:LocationSaudiArabia.png
Official language Arabic
Capital Riyadh
King Fahd bin Abdul Aziz
Area
 - Total
 - % water
Ranked 14th
2,218,000 km²
Negligible
Population
 - Total (2003)
 - Density
Ranked 45th
24,293,844
12/km²
Unification September 23, 1932
Currency Riyal
Time zone UTC +3
National anthem Aash Al Maleek
Internet TLD .sa
Calling Code 966
Contents

Large flag of Saudi Arabia Image originally derived from the public domain flags of the CIA World Factbook. ... Saudi coat of arms, from Japanese Wikipedia - ja:E7”»åƒ:Lambang_Saudi. ... Flag ratio: 2:3 The script on the flag is Arabic, written in the Thuluth script. ... Here is a list of state mottos for countries and their subdivisions around the world. ... Image:LocationSaudiArabia. ... An official language is something that is given a unique status in the countries, states, and other territories. ... Arabic is a Semitic language, closely related to Hebrew and Aramaic. ... In politics a capital (also called capital city or political capital — although the latter phrase has an alternative meaning based on an alternative meaning of capital) is the principal city or town associated with its government. ... Riyadh (Ar-Riyad, Arabic:رياض) is the capital of the kingdom of Saudi Arabia, located in the Nejd region. ... This is a list of kings of Saudi Arabia: King Abdul Aziz (Ibn Saud) (1902/1932-1953) King Saud, son of King Abdul Aziz (1953-1964) King Faisal, son of King Abdul Aziz (1964-1975) King Khalid, son of King Abdul Aziz (1975-1982) King Fahd, son of King Abdul... King Fahd of Saudi Arabia King Fahd bin Abdul Aziz (born in Riyadh in 1923) is the king and prime minister of Saudi Arabia and leader of the House of Saud. ... This article explains the meaning of area as a physical quantity. ... Here is a list of the countries of the world sorted by area. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... In the most common sense of the word, a population is the collection of people—or organisms of a particular species—living in a given geographic area. ... Population density can be used as a measurement of any tangible item. ... This is a list of sovereign states and other territories by population. ... September 23 is the 266th day of the year (267th in leap years). ... 1932 is a leap year starting on a Friday. ... Various currencies A currency is a unit of exchange, facilitating the transfer of goods and services. ... The riyal is the currency of Qatar (ISO 4217: QAR) and Saudi Arabia (SAR). ... Time zones are areas of the Earth that have adopted the same standard time, usually referred to as the local time. ... UTC also stands for the University of Tennessee at Chattanooga Coordinated Universal Time or UTC, also sometimes referred to as Zulu time, is an atomic realization of Universal Time or Greenwich mean time, the astronomical basis for civil time. ... The National Anthem is the name of a song by the band Radiohead. ... Aash Al Maleek (Long Live Our Beloved King) is the national anthem of Saudi Arabia. ... A top-level domain (TLD) is the last part of which Internet domain names consist of. ... .sa is the Internet country code top-level domain ( ccTLD) of Saudi Arabia. ... At a glance In depth Zone 1 – North American Numbering Plan Area (nanpa. ...

History

Main article: History of Saudi Arabia History of Saudi Arabia. ...


The Saudi state began in central Arabia in about 1750. A local ruler, Muhammad bin Saud, joined forces with an Islamic reformer, Muhammad Abd Al-Wahhab, to create a new political entity. Over the next one hundred and fifty years, the fortunes of the Saud family rose and fell several times as Saudi rulers contended with Egypt, the Ottoman Empire, and other Arabian families for control on the peninsula. The modern Saudi state was founded by the late King Abdul Aziz Al-Saud (known internationally as Abdul Aziz Ibn Saud). Events March 2 - Small earthquake in London April 4 - Small earthquake in Warrington, England August 23 - Small earthquake in Spalding, England September 30 - Small earthquake in Northampton, England November 16 – Westminster Bridge officially opened Jonas Hanway is the first Englishman to use an umbrella James Gray reveals her sex to... Muhammad bin Saud (d. ... Muhammad ibn Abd al-Wahhab (b. ... The Ottoman Empire at the height of its power Imperial motto El Muzaffer Daima The Ever Victorious (as written in tugra) Official language Ottoman Turkish Capital İstanbul ( Constantinople/Asitane/Konstantiniyye ) Sovereigns Sultans of the Osmanli Dynasty Population ca 40 million Area 12+ million km² Establishment 1299 Dissolution October 29, 1923... Ibn Saud Abdul Aziz bin Abdul Rahman ibn Faisal Al Saud (1880 - November 9, 1953), also known by several abbreviated forms of this name, or simply as Ibn Saud was first monarch of Saudi Arabia. ...


In 1902 Abdul Aziz Ibn Saud captured Riyadh, the Al-Saud dynasty's ancestral capital, from the rival Al-Rashid family. Continuing his conquests, Abdul Aziz subdued Al-Ahsa, Al-Qatif, the rest of Nejd, and the Hijaz between 1913 and 1926. On January 8, 1926 Abdul Aziz Ibn Saud became the King of Hijaz. On January 29, 1927 he took the title King of Nejd (his previous Nejdi title was Sultan). By the Treaty of Jedda, signed on May 20, 1927, the United Kingdom recognized the independence of Abdul Aziz's realm (then known as the Kingdom of Hijaz and Nejd). In 1932, these regions were unified as the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Events January-April January 28 - The Carnegie Institution is founded in Washington, DC with a $10 million gift from Andrew Carnegie. ... Riyadh (Ar-Riyad, Arabic:رياض) is the capital of the kingdom of Saudi Arabia, located in the Nejd region. ... AL-Ahsa contains a small village called Al-taraf, its famous with the four mountians, though small it has a zoo (Its in Saudi Arabia) Categories: Middle East geography stubs | Wikipedia cleanup ... Qatif is a coastal oasis located on the western bank of the Persian Gulf and covering large area consisting of many villages and cities like Saihat, Safwa, Tarut Island and many other towns. ... Najd (Nejd) is a region in central Saudi Arabia and the location of the nations capital, Riyadh. ... Hejaz (also Hijaz, Hedjaz) is a region in the northwest of present-day Saudi Arabia; its main city is Jeddah, but it is probably better-known for the holy city of Mecca. ... 1913 is a common year starting on Wednesday. ... 1926 was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... January 8 is the 8th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1926 was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... January 29 is the 29th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Events January 7 - First transatlantic telephone call - New York City to London January 9 - Military rebellion crushed in Lisbon January 14 - Paul Doumer elected president of France January 19 - Britain sends troops to China February 12 - First British troops lad on Shanghai February 14 - Earthquake in Yugoslavia - 700 dead February... There have been two treaties known as the Treaty of Jedda, after the Saudi Arabian city, Jeddah or Jedda: The 1927 Treaty of Jedda established the independence of Saudi Arabia from Great Britain. ... May 20 is the 140th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (141st in leap years). ... Events January 7 - First transatlantic telephone call - New York City to London January 9 - Military rebellion crushed in Lisbon January 14 - Paul Doumer elected president of France January 19 - Britain sends troops to China February 12 - First British troops lad on Shanghai February 14 - Earthquake in Yugoslavia - 700 dead February... The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is a country in western Europe, and member of the Commonwealth of Nations, the G8, the European Union, and NATO. Usually known simply as the United Kingdom, the UK, or (inaccurately) as Great Britain or Britain, the UK has four constituent... 1932 is a leap year starting on a Friday. ...


The discovery of oil in March 1938 transformed the country economically, and has given the kingdom great legitimacy over the years. Today Saudi Arabia enjoys a close relationship with the many western nations who purchase Saudi oil. Nodding donkey pumping an oil well near Sarnia, Ontario, 2001 Petroleum (from Greek petra – rock and oleum – oil), crude oil, sometimes colloquially called black gold, is a thick, dark brown or greenish flammable liquid, which exists in the upper strata of some areas of the Earths crust. ... 1938 was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... For alternative meanings for The West in the United States, see the U.S. West and American West. ...


Politics

Main article: Politics of Saudi Arabia The central institution of Saudi Arabian Government is the monarchy. ...


Provinces

Main article: Provinces of Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia is divided into 13 provinces (mintaqat, singular - mintaqah). ...

Saudi Arabia is divided into 13 provinces (mintaqat, singular - mintaqah). File links The following pages link to this file: List of subnational entities Saudi Arabia Provinces of Saudi Arabia Categories: GFDL images ...

  1. Al Bahah
  2. Al Hudud ash Shamaliyah
  3. Al Jawf
  4. Al Madinah
  5. Al Qasim
  6. Ar Riyad
  7. Eastern Province
  8. 'Asir
  9. Ha'il
  10. Jizan
  11. Makkah
  12. Najran
  13. Tabuk

Categories: Stub | Provinces of Saudi Arabia ... Categories: Stub | Provinces of Saudi Arabia ... Categories: Stub | Provinces of Saudi Arabia ... This article is about the Saudi city of Medina. ... Categories: Geography stubs | Provinces of Saudi Arabia ... Categories: Middle East geography stubs | Provinces of Saudi Arabia ... Categories: Stub | Provinces of Saudi Arabia ... Asir is a province of Saudi Arabia, located in the south-west of the country. ... Hail is a province of Saudi Arabia, located in the north of the country. ... Categories: Middle East geography stubs | Provinces of Saudi Arabia ... Categories: Middle East geography stubs | Provinces of Saudi Arabia ... Categories: Middle East geography stubs | Provinces of Saudi Arabia ... Categories: Middle East geography stubs | Provinces of Saudi Arabia ...

Geography

Main article: Geography of Saudi Arabia Location: Southwest Asia, largest country of Arabia, bordering the Persian Gulf and the Red Sea, north of Yemen. ...

Map of Saudi Arabia

The kingdom occupies eighty percent of the Arabian Peninsula. Most of the country's boundaries with the United Arab Emirates, Oman, and Yemen are undefined, so the exact size of the country remains unknown. The Saudi government's estimate is 2,217,949 square kilometers. Other reputable estimates vary between 2,149,690 square kilometers and 2,240,000 square kilometers. Less than 1 percent of the total area is suitable for cultivation, and in the early 1990s population distribution varied greatly among the towns of the eastern and western coastal areas, the densely populated interior oases, and the vast, almost empty deserts. original world factbook gif converted without quality loss. ... Arabia redirects here. ... A dune in the Egyptian desert Desert in California In geography, a desert is a landscape form or region that receives little precipitation. ...

See also : Rub' al Khali(desert), Arabian Desert and East Sahero-Arabian xeric shrublands

The climate is harsh, dry desert with great extremes of temperature and the terrain is mostly uninhabited, sandy desert. In most parts of the country, vegetation is limited to weeds and shrubs. The coastal area of the Red Sea, especially the coral reefs, have a rich marine fauna. The Rub al Khali (الربع الخالي), or Empty Quarter, is the largest sand desert in the world, encompassing the southern third of the Arabian Peninsula, including southern Saudi Arabia, and areas of Oman, the United Arab Emirates and Yemen. ... The template of this page is being worked at Wikipedia:WikiProject Ecoregions/Template. ... (Red Sea is also the name of a state in Sudan) Conshelf II in the Red Sea (Sudan) The Red Sea (Arabic البحر الأحمر Baḥr al-Aḥmar, al-Baḥru l-’Aḥmar; Hebrew ים סוף Yam Suf) is a gulf or basin of the Indian Ocean between Africa and Asia. ... Some of the biodiversity of a coral reef. ... Fauna is a collective term for animal life. ...


Saudi Arabia is considered to be one of the fifteen countries that comprise the so-called "Cradle of Humanity." The 19th-century evangelical Protestants who invented the term Cradle of Humanity made generalized but undocumented claims that the term originated in Mesopotamia in the 2nd century, and that it was used by early Arab Christians to refer to a geographic area that falls within a 1,000 mile radius...


Economy

Main article: Economy of Saudi Arabia Economy - overview: Saudi Arabia has an oil-based economy with strong government controls over major economic activities. ...


Saudi Arabia has an oil-based economy with strong government controls over major economic activities. Saudi Arabia is in possession of 24% of the proven total of the world's petroleum reserves, ranks as the largest exporter of petroleum, and plays a leading role in OPEC. The petroleum sector accounts for roughly 75% of budget revenues, 40% of the GDP, and 90% of export earnings. About 35% of the GDP comes from the private sector. Saudi Arabia was a key player in the successful efforts of OPEC and other oil producing countries to raise the price of oil in 1999 to its highest level since the Gulf War by reducing production. Although oil prices remain high, Riyadh has large budget deficits in part because of increased spending for education and other social programs. Saudi Arabia announced plans to begin privatizing the electricity companies in 1999, which followed the ongoing privatization of the telecommunications company. The government is expected to continue calling for private sector growth to lessen the kingdom's dependence on oil and increase employment opportunities for the swelling Saudi population. Shortages of water and rapid population growth will constrain government efforts to increase self-sufficiency in agricultural products. Nodding donkey pumping an oil well near Sarnia, Ontario, 2001 Petroleum (from Greek petra – rock and oleum – oil), crude oil, sometimes colloquially called black gold, is a thick, dark brown or greenish flammable liquid, which exists in the upper strata of some areas of the Earths crust. ... The Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) is made up of Algeria, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates and Venezuela; since 1965, its international headquarters have been in Vienna, Austria. ... 1999 is a common year starting on Friday of the Common Era, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ... See also: 2003 invasion of Iraq and Gulf War (disambiguation) C Company, 1st Battalion, The Staffordshire Regiment, 1st UK Armoured Division The Persian Gulf War was a conflict between Iraq and a coalition force of 34 nations led by the United States. ... 1999 is a common year starting on Friday of the Common Era, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ...


In recent years, Saudi Arabia has experienced a significant contraction of oil revenues combined with a high rate of population growth. Per capita income has fallen from $25,000 in 1980 to $8,000 in 2003, up from about $7000 in 1999. The decline in inflation-adjusted per-capita income from 1980 to 1999 set a record, being by far the worst such decline suffered by any nation-state in history.


Demographics

Main article: Demographics of Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabias 2001 population is estimated to be about 22. ...


Saudi Arabia's 2003 population is estimated to be about 24.3 million, including about 6.4 million resident foreigners. Until the 1960s, most of the population was nomadic or semi-nomadic; due to rapid economic and urban growth, more than 95% of the population now is settled. The birth rate is 29.74 births per 1,000 people. The death rate is only 2.66 deaths per 1,000 people.Some cities and oases have densities of more than 1,000 people per square kilometer.


Most Saudis are ethnically Arab. Some are of mixed ethnic origin and are descended from Turks, Iranians, Indonesians, Indians, Africans, and others, most of whom immigrated as pilgrims and reside in the Hijaz region along the Red Sea coast. Many Arabs from nearby countries are employed in the kingdom. There also are significant numbers of Asian expatriates mostly from India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Indonesia, and the Philippines. There are less than 100,000 Westerners in Saudi Arabia. Arab (disambiguation). ... The Republic of Turkey is a country located in Southwest Asia with a small part of its territory (3%) in southeastern Europe. ... Iran (Persian: ایران) is a Middle Eastern country located in southwestern Asia. ... The Republic of Indonesia is located in the Malay Archipelago, the worlds largest archipelago, between Indochina and Australia, between the Indian and Pacific Oceans. ... The Republic of India is the second most populous country in the world, with a population of more than one billion, and is the seventh largest country by geographical area. ... World map showing location of Africa A satellite composite image of Africa Africa is the worlds second-largest continent in both area and population, after Asia. ... Hejaz (also Hijaz, Hedjaz) is a region in the northwest of present-day Saudi Arabia; its main city is Jeddah, but it is probably better-known for the holy city of Mecca. ... (Red Sea is also the name of a state in Sudan) Conshelf II in the Red Sea (Sudan) The Red Sea (Arabic البحر الأحمر Baḥr al-Aḥmar, al-Baḥru l-’Aḥmar; Hebrew ים סוף Yam Suf) is a gulf or basin of the Indian Ocean between Africa and Asia. ... World map showing location of Asia A satellite composite image of Asia Asia is the central and eastern part of the continent of Eurasia, defined by subtracting the European peninsula from Eurasia. ... An expatriate (in abbreviated form expat) is someone temporarily or permanently in a country and culture other than that of their upbringing and/or legal residence. ... The Republic of India is the second most populous country in the world, with a population of more than one billion, and is the seventh largest country by geographical area. ... The Islamic Republic of Pakistan (, or Islami Jamhooriya-e-Pakistan, in Urdu), or Pakistan, is a country located in South Asia and is part of the Greater Middle East. ... The Peoples Republic of Bangladesh (Bangla: গনপ্রজাতন্ত্রী বাংলােদশ) is a country in South Asia that forms the eastern part of the ancient region of Bengal. ... The Republic of Indonesia is located in the Malay Archipelago, the worlds largest archipelago, between Indochina and Australia, between the Indian and Pacific Oceans. ... The Republic of the Philippines is a country of South East Asia, located in the western Pacific Ocean some 1,210 km (750 mi) from mainland Asia. ...


Exact religious demographics for Saudi Arabia are difficult to calculate, because the government reports 100% of citizens as Muslim. A Muslim is a believer in or follower of Islam. ...


Culture

Main article: Culture of Saudi Arabia Architecture Many exceptional pieces of modern architecture were created in recent times by eminent architects like Minoru Yamasaki and others. ...

The holy mosque in Mekka

Saudi Arabian culture revolves almost entirely around Islam. Two of Islam's holiest sites are in the country, and it considers itself the birthplace of the religion. Every day, five times a day, Muslims are called to prayer from the minarets of mosques which dot the country. Friday is its sabbath day. Islam derives from the same monotheistic roots as Judaism and Christianity, and Muslims generally regard Christians with respect - in Islam, Jesus (named Isa in Islam) is regarded as one of the Prophets of Allah, and Jews and Christians are considered fellow 'people of the Book'. Islam's holy book The Qur'an is Saudi Arabia's constitution, and Shari'ah (Islamic law) is the foundation of its legal system. kabba This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... kabba This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Both Western and traditional music are very popular in Saudi Arabia. ... Masjid al-Nabawi in Medina. ... Islam (Arabic al-islām الإسلام,  listen) the submission to God is a monotheistic faith and the worlds second-largest religion. ... The neutrality and accuracy of this article are disputed. ... Isa (عيسى ) is the Islamic name for Jesus, who is considered to be one of the Prophets of Islam in the Quran. ... An example of aḷḷāhu written in simple Arabic calligraphy For the town in Nigeria see Allah (town in Nigeria) Allah (Arabic aḷḷāhu الله) is traditionally used by Muslims as the Arabic word for God (not Gods personal name, but the equivalent of the Hebrew word El as opposed to... The word Jew ( Hebrew: יהודי) is used in a wide number of ways, but generally refers to a follower of the Jewish faith, a child of a Jewish mother, or someone of Jewish descent with a connection to Jewish culture or ethnicity and often a combination of these attributes. ... This article is about the religious people known as Christians. ... The Quran (Arabic al-qurʾān أَلْقُرآن; its literal meaning is the recitation and is often called Al Quran Al Karim: The Noble Quran, also transliterated as Quran, Koran, and less commonly Alcoran) is the holy book of Islam. ... Sharia (Arabic شريعة also Sharia, Shariah or Syariah) is traditional Islamic law. ...


One of Saudi Arabia's most compelling folk rituals is the Ardha, the country's national dance. This sword dance is based on ancient Bedouin traditions: drummers beat out a rhythm and a poet chants verses while sword-carrying men dance shoulder to shoulder. Al-sihba folk music, from the Hijaz, has its origins in Arab Andalusia, a region of medieval Spain. In Mecca, Medina and Jedda, dance and song incorporate the sound of the al-mizmar, an oboe-like woodwind instrument.


Saudi Arabian dress is strongly symbolic, representing the people's ties to the land, the past and to Islam. The predominantly loose, flowing but covering garments reflect the practicalities of life in a desert country as well as Islam's emphasis on conservative dress. Traditionally, men usually wear an ankle-length shirt woven from wool or cotton (known as a thawb), with a ghutra (a large square of cotton held in place by a cord coil) worn on the head. For rare chilly days, Saudi men wear a camel-hair cloak (bisht) over the top. Women's clothes are decorated with tribal motifs, coins, sequins, metallic thread and appliques. However, Saudi women must wear a long black coat (abaya) and veil (niqab) when they leave the house to protect their modesty.


Islamic law forbids the eating of pork and the drinking of alcohol, and this law is followed strictly throughout Saudi Arabia. Arabic unleavened bread, or khobz, is eaten with almost all meals. Other staples include grilled chicken, felafel (deep-fried chickpea balls), shwarma (spit-cooked sliced lamb), and fuul (a paste of fava beans, garlic and lemon). Traditional coffee houses used to be ubiquitous, but are now being displaced by food-hall style cafes. Binomial name Gallus gallus (Linnaeus, 1758) A chicken is a type of domesticated bird which is usually raised as a type of poultry. ... Falafel (Arabic: فلافل; Hebrew: פלאפל) is a fried ball or patty of spiced bread, dating back to Biblical times and originated somewhere on the Indian subcontinent. ... Binomial name Cicer arietinum L. The chickpea, garbanzo bean or bengal gram (Cicer arietinum) is an edible pulse of the Leguminosae or Fabaceae family, subfamily India. ... Shawarma, (sometimes spelled as shwarma, schwarma or shoarma) is a Middle Eastern cuisine dish of fine ribbons of spicy lamb meat, similar to Greek gyros, Turkish döner kebab and Mexican taco al pastor. ... A lamb being bottle fed Lamb A lamb is a young sheep. ... Binomial name Vicia faba The fava bean, Vicia faba, is also known as the broad bean in the United Kingdom, horse bean or field bean. ... Garlic (Allium sativum) is a bulbous perennial food plant of the family Alliaceae. ... Binomial name Citrus X limon {{{author}}} Lemons are the citrus fruit from the tree Citrus X limon. ...


Public theatres and cinemas are prohibited, as the ruling family clan believes those institutions to be incompatible with Islam. However, in some cities such as Dhahran, Ras Tanura, Abqaiq, and Udhailiya, public theaters and cinemas are not prohibited. Islam (Arabic al-islām الإسلام,  listen) the submission to God is a monotheistic faith and the worlds second-largest religion. ... Road to Dhahran (Picture taken from Khobar way) Dhahran (Aramco code: DH) ( Arabic language الظهران al-Dahrān), or Dharan is a city in Saudi Arabia. ... Reef Road in 2002 Ras Tanura Najmah beach, a few miles distant from the refinery area Ras Tanura (Aramco code: RT) (Arabic: رأس تنورة) is a coastal city in the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia. ...


The cultural heritage is celebrated at the annual Jenadriyah Cultural festival.


Religious Police

An institution found in Saudi Arabia and various other Muslim nations (in varying degrees) is the mutaween, or religious police. The Saudi Mutaween also go by the name of Authority for the Promotion of Virtue and Prevention of Vice.


Their duties consist of enforcing religious doctrine (Muslim Shari'a law as defined by the Saudi government) and rooting out "Un-Islamic" activities. They have the power to arrest any unrelated males and females caught socializing. They also have the power to ban consumer products and media as "un-Islamic", such as the Barbie dolls and various Western musical groups and television shows. The Mutaween of Saudi Arabia recently launched a website where people can anonymously file tips about "un-Islamic" activities in Saudi Arabia. Sharia ( Arabic شريعة also Sharia, Shariah or Syariah) is traditional Islamic law. ... Barbie is the worlds best selling doll and was first sold on March 9, 1959. ...


An incident attributed to the mutaween occurred when they prevented girls from escaping a burning building because they did not have proper headgear on. Fifteen girls died as a result. There was widespread public criticism and the Saudi government condemned the Mutaween for their actions. The Mutaween have also been the focus of many human rights reports on religious persecution in Saudi Arabia.


Miscellaneous topics

Telephones - main lines in use: 3,317,500 (2002) Telephones - mobile cellular: 5. ... Transportation in Saudi Arabia Railways: total: 1,392 km standard gauge: 1,392 km 1. ... Saudi foreign policy objectives are to maintain its security and its paramount position on the Arabian Peninsula, defend general Arab and Islamic interests, promote solidarity among Islamic governments, and maintain cooperative relations with other oil-producing and major oil-consuming countries. ... Holidays in Saudi Arabia   Categories: Public holidays by country | Saudi Arabia ... This is a list of the major Houses, or tribes, of the Arabian Peninsula in the 20th century. ... This is a list of cities in Saudi Arabia. ... Saudi Arabia has eight major universities. ... Military branches: Land Force (Army), Navy (including a Naval Air Wing and Marines), Air Force (RSAF), Air Defense Force, Saudi Arabian National Guard, Ministry of Interior Forces (paramilitary) Military Situation: With the collapse of the Iraqi Baathist regime in mid-2003, the greatest conventional threat to The Kingdom was... 2003 12 May 35 killed and over 200 wounded during a suicide attack on the Vinnell Compound in Riyadh. ...

Bibliography

  • Baer, Robert Sleeping With The Devil: How Washington Sold Our Soul for Saudi Crude (Crown, 2003) ISBN 1400050219
  • Mackey, Sandra The Saudis: Inside the Desert Kingdom (Houghton Mifflin, 1987) ISBN 0395411653

References

External links


Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf (GCC)

مجلس التعاون لدول الخليج العربية The Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Persian Gulf (Arabic: مجلس التعاون لدول الخليج العربية), formerly named Persian Gulf Cooperation Council (مجلس التعاون الخليجي) is a regional organization involving six Middle Eastern nations with the many economic and social objectives in mind. ...

Bahrain | Kuwait | Oman | Qatar | Saudi Arabia | United Arab Emirates


The Kingdom of Bahrain, or Bahrain (occasionally spelt Bahrein), is a borderless island nation in the Persian Gulf (Southwest Asia/Middle East, Asia). ... The State of Kuwait is a small oil-rich monarchy on the coast of the Persian Gulf, enclosed by Saudi Arabia in the south and Iraq in the north. ... The Sultanate of Oman is a country in the southwestern part of Asia, on the southeast coast of the Arabian Peninsula. ... The State of Qatar (قطر) is an emirate in the Middle East. ... The United Arab Emirates is an oil-rich country situated in the south-east of the Arabian Peninsula in Southwest Asia, comprising seven emirates: Abu Dhabi, Ajman, Dubai, Fujairah, Ras al-Khaimah, Sharjah and Umm al-Quwain. ...

Countries and Territories in Southwest Asia

Afghanistan | Armenia | Azerbaijan | Bahrain | Cyprus | Egypt | Gaza Strip | Georgia | Iran | Iraq | Israel | Jordan | Kuwait | Lebanon | Oman | Qatar | Russia | Saudi Arabia | Syria | Turkey | United Arab Emirates | West Bank | Yemen This is an alphabetical list of the sovereign states of the world, including both de jure and de facto independent states. ... A map showing Southwest Asia - The term Middle East is more often used to refer to both Southwest Asia and some North African countries Southwest Asia, or West Asia, is the southwestern part of Asia. ... Afghanistan (Pashtu/Dari-Persian: Afğānistān افغانستان) is a country in Central Asia. ... Armenia - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins/monobook/IE50Fixes. ... Azerbaijan (Azerbaijani: Azərbaycan) is a country in the Caucasus, in the crossroads of Europe and Southwest Asia, with an east coast on the Caspian Sea. ... The Kingdom of Bahrain, or Bahrain (occasionally spelt Bahrein), is a borderless island nation in the Persian Gulf (Southwest Asia/Middle East, Asia). ... Cyprus (in Greek Kypros Κύπρος and in Turkish Kıbrıs) is an island in the eastern Mediterranean Sea, 113 kilometres (70 miles) south of Turkey and around 120 km west of the Syrian coast. ... The Arab Republic of Egypt, commonly known as Egypt, (in Arabic: مصر, romanized Miṣr or Maṣr, in Egyptian dialect) is a republic mostly located in north-eastern Africa. ... Map of the Gaza Strip from The World Factbook. ... Georgia ( Georgian: საქართველო Sakartvelo), known from 1991 to 1995 as the Republic of Georgia, is a country to the east of the Black Sea in the southern Caucasus. ... Iran (Persian: ایران) is a Middle Eastern country located in southwestern Asia. ... The Republic of Iraq is a Middle Eastern country in southwestern Asia encompassing the ancient region of Mesopotamia at the confluence of the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers. ... The State of Israel (Hebrew: מְדִינַת יִשְׂרָאֵל, transliteration: ; Arabic: دَوْلَةْ اِسْرَائِيل, transliteration: ) is a country in the Middle East on the eastern edge of the Mediterranean Sea. ... The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, commonly called Jordan, is a country in the Middle East. ... The State of Kuwait is a small oil-rich monarchy on the coast of the Persian Gulf, enclosed by Saudi Arabia in the south and Iraq in the north. ... The Lebanese Republic or Lebanon is a country in the Middle East, along the Mediterranean Sea, bordered by Syria and Israel. ... The Sultanate of Oman is a country in the southwestern part of Asia, on the southeast coast of the Arabian Peninsula. ... The State of Qatar (قطر) is an emirate in the Middle East. ... The Russian Federation (Russian: Росси́йская Федера́ция, transliteration: Rossiyskaya Federatsiya or Rossijskaja Federacija), or Russia (Russian: Росси́я, transliteration: Rossiya or Rossija), is a country that stretches over a vast expanse of eastern Europe and northern Asia. ... The Syrian Arab Republic or Syria is a country in the Middle East, bordering (from south to north) on Lebanon, Israel, Jordan, Iraq and Turkey. ... The Republic of Turkey is a country located in Southwest Asia with a small part of its territory (3%) in southeastern Europe. ... The United Arab Emirates is an oil-rich country situated in the south-east of the Arabian Peninsula in Southwest Asia, comprising seven emirates: Abu Dhabi, Ajman, Dubai, Fujairah, Ras al-Khaimah, Sharjah and Umm al-Quwain. ... The West Bank is a territory in the Middle East constituting the area west of the Jordan River annexed by Jordan at the end of the 1948 Arab-Israeli War. ... The Republic of Yemen is a country in the Arabian Peninsula in Southwest Asia, and is a part of the Middle East, bordering the Arabian Sea, Gulf of Aden, and Red Sea, between Oman and Saudi Arabia. ...


Arab League
Algeria | Bahrain | Comoros | Djibouti | Egypt | Iraq | Jordan | Kuwait | Lebanon | Libya | Mauritania | Morocco | Oman | State of Palestine | Qatar | Saudi Arabia | Somalia | Sudan | Syria | Tunisia | United Arab Emirates | Yemen


Flag of the League of Arab States The Arab League or League of Arab States (Arabic: جامعة الدول العربية), is an organization of Arab states. ... Flag of the League of Arab States. ... The People’s Democratic Republic of Algeria, or Algeria, is a nation in north Africa, and the second largest country on the African continent. ... The Kingdom of Bahrain, or Bahrain (occasionally spelt Bahrein), is a borderless island nation in the Persian Gulf (Southwest Asia/Middle East, Asia). ... The Union of Comoros (until 2002 the Islamic Federal Republic of the Comoros) is principally a three-island country in southern Africa, situated at the northern end of the Mozambique Channel in the Indian Ocean, between northern Madagascar and northern Mozambique. ... The Republic of Djibouti (جيبوتي) is a country in eastern Africa, located in the Horn of Africa. ... The Arab Republic of Egypt, commonly known as Egypt, (in Arabic: مصر, romanized Miṣr or Maṣr, in Egyptian dialect) is a republic mostly located in north-eastern Africa. ... The Republic of Iraq is a Middle Eastern country in southwestern Asia encompassing the ancient region of Mesopotamia at the confluence of the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers. ... The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, commonly called Jordan, is a country in the Middle East. ... The State of Kuwait is a small oil-rich monarchy on the coast of the Persian Gulf, enclosed by Saudi Arabia in the south and Iraq in the north. ... The Lebanese Republic or Lebanon is a country in the Middle East, along the Mediterranean Sea, bordered by Syria and Israel. ... The Great Socialist Peoples Libyan Arab Jamahiriya or Libya (Arabic: ليبيا) is a country in North Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, located between Egypt on the east, Sudan on the southeast, Chad and Niger on the south and Algeria and Tunisia to the west. ... The Islamic Republic of Mauritania is a country in northwest Africa. ... The Kingdom of Morocco is a country in northwest Africa. ... The Sultanate of Oman is a country in the southwestern part of Asia, on the southeast coast of the Arabian Peninsula. ... --> اسرائيل (Dawlat Filastine) [ [1]] Area initially claimed by State of Palestine (roughly, present-day Israel, the West Bank and the Gaza Strip). ... The State of Qatar (قطر) is an emirate in the Middle East. ... Somalia (Somali: Soomaaliya; Arabic: الصومال, As-Sumal), formerly known as the Somali Democratic Republic, is a coastal nation in East Africa. ... The Republic of the Sudan, or Republic of Sudan (in recent years the definite article has increasingly been dropped in common usage) is the largest country in Africa, situated in the northeast part of the continent. ... The Syrian Arab Republic or Syria is a country in the Middle East, bordering (from south to north) on Lebanon, Israel, Jordan, Iraq and Turkey. ... The Tunisian Republic (الجمهرية التونسية), or Tunisia, is a Muslim Arab country situated on the North African Mediterranean coast. ... The United Arab Emirates is an oil-rich country situated in the south-east of the Arabian Peninsula in Southwest Asia, comprising seven emirates: Abu Dhabi, Ajman, Dubai, Fujairah, Ras al-Khaimah, Sharjah and Umm al-Quwain. ... The Republic of Yemen is a country in the Arabian Peninsula in Southwest Asia, and is a part of the Middle East, bordering the Arabian Sea, Gulf of Aden, and Red Sea, between Oman and Saudi Arabia. ...

Countries and Territories in the Middle East
Bahrain | Cyprus | Egypt | Gaza Strip | Iran | Iraq | Israel | Jordan | Kuwait | Lebanon | Oman | Qatar | Saudi Arabia | Syria | Turkey | United Arab Emirates | West Bank | Yemen

  Results from FactBites:
 
Saudi Arabia - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (4239 words)
The Basic Law adopted in 1992 declared that Saudi Arabia is a monarchy ruled by the sons and grandsons of the first king, Abd Al Aziz Al Saud, and that the Qur'an is the constitution of the country, which is governed on the basis of Islamic law (Shari'a).
Saudi Arabia prizes education because of its critical importance in developing the country's human potential, and in the 21st century private education facilities are opening all over the Kingdom.
Saudi Arabia was a key player in the successful efforts of OPEC and other oil producing countries to raise the price of oil in 1999 to its highest level since the Gulf War by reducing production.
PBS - frontline: saudi time bomb?: saudi arabia (2437 words)
Saudi Arabia gains strategic importance during World War II Although Saudi Arabia officially maintained neutrality through most of the war, the U.S. began to court the kingdom as it realized the strategic importance of Saudi oil reserves.
Saudi Arabia and the United States were close allies during the crisis and war that followed the surprise Iraqi invasion of Kuwait on August 2, 1990.
Saudi Arabia issued a statement on the day of the terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon, calling them "regrettable and inhuman." As of mid-November, the Bush administration has continued to publicly praise Saudi support for the war on terrorism.
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