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Encyclopedia > Kingdom of Powys
History of Wales
Chronological Eras
Prehistoric Wales
Roman Wales
Early Middle Ages
Norman invasion
Late Middle Ages
Early Modern Era
Modern Era
Kingdoms
Deheubarth
Gwynedd
Powys
Brycheiniog
Topical
Colonial history
Literary history
Welsh Culture
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Medieval kingdoms of Wales.
Medieval kingdoms of Wales.

The Kingdom of Powys was a Welsh successor state that emerged during the Dark Ages following the Roman withdrawal from Britain. Based on the Romano-British tribal lands of the Cornovii, its boundaries originally extended from the Cambrian Mountains in the west to include the modern West Midlands region in the east. The fertile river valleys of the Severn and Tern are found here, and this region is referred to in later Welsh literature as "the Paradise of Powys". The name is thought to derive from the Latin "pagus" meaning the country-side, but also a cognat of 'pagan'. During the Roman Empire this region was organised into a Roman province, with the capital at Viroconium Cornoviorum (modern Wroxeter), the fourth largest Roman city in Britain. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Prehistoric Wales in terms of human settlements covers the period from about 225,000 years ago, the date attributed to the earliest human remains found in what is now Wales, to the year 48 when the Roman army began a campaign against one of the Welsh tribes. ... The history of Wales in the early Middle Ages is sketchy, as there is very little written history from the period. ... The Norman invasion of Wales began shortly after the Norman invasion of England. ... Wales in the Late Middle Ages covers the period from the death of Llywelyn ap Gruffydd in late 1282 to the incorporation of Wales into England by the Laws in Wales Acts 1535-1542. ... Deheubarth was a south-western kingdom or principality of medieval Wales. ... Medieval kingdoms of Wales. ... Brecknockshire, also known as Breconshire or, in Welsh, as Sir Frycheiniog is an inland traditional county of Wales, bounded to the north by Radnorshire, to the east by Herefordshire and Monmouthshire, to the south by Monmouthshire and Glamorganshire, and west by Carmarthenshire and Cardiganshire. ... Welsh colonization of the Americas began in the 19th century. ... The term Welsh literature may be used to refer to any literature originating from Wales or by Welsh writers. ... This does not cite any references or sources. ... Image File history File links CymruMap. ... Image File history File links CymruMap. ... This article is about the country. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Succession of states. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... The Roman departure from Britain was completed by 410. ... Romano-British is a term used to refer to the Romanized Britons under the Roman Empire (and later the Western Roman Empire) and in the years after the Roman departure exposed to Roman culture and Christian religion. ... The Cornovii (perhaps meaning people of the horn Cornwall), were a people of Iron Age and Roman Britain, who lived in the modern counties of North Staffordshire, Shropshire and Cheshire in the English West Midlands. ... The Cambrian Mountains are a mountain range in Mid Wales, reaching from the Brecon Beacons in South Wales to Snowdonia in North Wales. ... The West Midlands is an official Region of England, covering the western half of the Midlands. ... “Severn” redirects here. ... The River Tern is a river in Shropshire, England. ... The term Welsh literature may be used to refer to any literature originating from Wales or by Welsh writers. ... Look up pagan, heathen in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Wroxeter is a village in the county of Shropshire, England, on the east bank of the River Severn, at grid reference SJ563082. ...

Contents

Early Middle Ages

Throughout the Early Middle Ages, Powys was ruled by the Gwerthernion dynasty, a family claiming descent jointly from the marriage of Vortigern and Princess Sevira, the daughter of Magnus Maximus. Archaeological evidence has shown that, unusually for the post-Roman period, Viroconium Cornoviorum survived as an urban centre well into the 6th century and thus could have been the Powys capital. Nennius writing in the 8th century in his "History of the Britons" record the town as Caer Guricon, one of his "28 British Towns" of Roman Britain. In the following centuries, the Powys eastern border was encrouched upon by English settlers from the emerging Anglian territory of Mercia. This was a gradual process and English control in the West Midlands was uncertain until the late 8th century. Justinians wife Theodora and her retinue, in a 6th century mosaic from the Basilica of San Vitale in Ravenna. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Magnus Maximus. ... The 6th century is the period from 501 - 600 in accordance with the Julian calendar in the Christian Era. ... Nennius, or Nemnivus, is the name of two shadowy personages traditionally associated with the history of Wales. ... The famous parade helmet found at Sutton Hoo, probably belonging toRaedwald of East Anglia circa 625. ... The Kingdom of Mercia at its greatest extent (7th to 9th centuries) is shown in green, with the original core area (6th century) given a darker tint. ... (7th century — 8th century — 9th century — other centuries) Events The Iberian peninsula is taken by Arab and Berber Muslims, thus ending the Visigothic rule, and starting almost 8 centuries of Muslim presence there. ...


In 549 a great plague arrived in Britain and Welsh communities were devastated, with villages and countyside alike depopulated. However, the English were less affected by this plague as they had far fewer trading contacts with the continent at this time. Faced with shrinking manpower and increasing Anglian encroachment, King Brochwel Ysgithrog may have moved the court from Caer Guricon to Pengwern, the exact site of which is unknown but may have been at Shrewsbury, traditionally associated with Pengwern, or the more defensible Din-Gwrygon, the hillfort on the Wrekin. Events Emperor Jinwen succeeds Emperor Wu as ruler of the Liang Dynasty in China. ... The Plague of Justinian is the first known pandemic on record, and it also marks the first recorded case of bubonic plague. ... Brochwel ap Cyngen (died c. ... Wroxeter is a village in the county of Shropshire, England, on the east bank of the River Severn, at grid reference SJ563082. ... Pengwern is the name of a dark age kingdom that existed in what is now the West Midlands region of England. ... , Shrewsbury (pronounced either or [1]) is the county town of Shropshire, West Midlands, England. ... The Wrekin is a prominent elevation capped by a hill fort almost 8 hectares (80,000 m²) in size, located within in the English county of Shropshire. ...


In 616, the armies of Æthelfrith of Northumbria clashed with Powys. According to Geoffrey of Monmouth the Northumbrian monarch's political rival, Edwin of Deira was living in exile in Gwynedd around this time. Historians such as John Morris have suggested that Æthelfrith attempted to capture him, but presumably King Selyf Sarffgadau of Powys denied access through Powys to Edwin in Gwynedd, and seeing an opportunity to further drive a wedge between the North Welsh and those of Rheged, Æthelfrith invaded Powys' northern lands. Æthelfrith forced a battle near Chester and defeated Selyf and his allies. At the commencement of the battle, Bede tells us that the pagan Æthelfrith had 1,200 monks from the important monastery of Bangor-Is-Coed in Maelor, slaughtered because he said "they fight against us, because they oppose us by their prayers". Selyf was also killed in the battle and may have been the first of the Kings of Powys to be buried at the church dedicated to St. Tysilio, at Meifod, thence known as the Eglwys Tysilio and subsequently the dynasty's Royal mausoleum. Events Eadbald succeeds Ethelbert as king of Kent. ... Æthelfrith (d. ... Geoffrey of Monmouth (in Welsh: Gruffudd ap Arthur or Sieffre o Fynwy) (c. ... Saint Edwin (alternately Eadwine or Æduini) ( 586–October 12, 632/633) was the King of Deira and Bernicia - which would later become known as Northumbria - from about 616 until his death. ... Medieval kingdoms of Wales. ... Dr. John Morris was the late 20th century Senior Lecturer in Ancient History at University College, London. ... Selyf ap Cynan or Selyf Sarffgadau (died 616) appears in Old Welsh genealogies as an early 7th century King of Powys, the son of Cynan Garwyn. ... Entrance to the Rheged Discovery Centre Rheged was a Brythonic nation of Sub-Roman Britain, where the natives spoke Cumbric. ... Combatants Northumbria Powys Commanders Æthelfrith The Battle of Chester was fought in 616 between Northumbria and the Welsh Kingdom of Powys. ... Bede (IPA: ) (also Saint Bede, the Venerable Bede, or (from Latin) Beda (IPA: )), (ca. ... Monastery of St. ... Bangor-on-Dee (a. ... The Maelor is an area of Wales, lying in the county borough of Wrexham. ... St. ... Meifod is a small village 7 miles north-west of Welshpool in mid Wales on the A495 road and located in the valley of the River Vyrnwy. ... St. ...


If King Cynddylan of Pengwern hailed from the royal Powys dynasty, then forces from Powys were also present at the Battle of Maes Cogwy in 642. Subsequent to this, the region around Pengwern was sacked, its royal family slaughtered and most of its lands were annexed by Mercia, some by Powys. These events were remembered in Welsh poems which told of the desolation of Princess Heledd (Canu Heledd) on hearing of the death of her brother (Marwnad Cynddylan). Cynddylan, or Cynddylan ap Cyndrwyn (Cynddylan son of Cyndrwyn in Welsh) was a 7th-century King of Pengwern. ... Pengwern is the name of a dark age kingdom that existed in what is now the West Midlands region of England. ... The Battle of Maserfield (or Maserfeld) was fought on August 5, 642, between the Anglo-Saxon kings Oswald of Northumbria and Penda of Mercia, ending in Oswalds defeat, death, and dismemberment. ... Events August 5 - In the Battle of Maserfield, Penda king of Mercia defeats and kills Oswald, king of Bernicia. ... Pengwern is the name of a dark age kingdom that existed in what is now the West Midlands region of England. ... The Kingdom of Mercia at its greatest extent (7th to 9th centuries) is shown in green, with the original core area (6th century) given a darker tint. ...


Powys enjoyed a resurgence with successful campaigns against the English in 655, 705-707 and 722, wrote Davies. The court was moved to Mathrafal Castle in the valley of the river Vyrnwy by 717, possibly by king Elisedd ap Gwylog (d.c. 755). Elisedd's successes led Mercian King Aethelbald of Mercia to build Wat's Dyke. This endeavour may have been with Elisedd's own agreement, however, for this boundary, extending north from the Severn valley to the Dee estuary, gave Oswestry (Welsh: Croesoswallt) to Powys. King Offa of Mercia seems to have continued this consultive initiative when he created a larger earth work, now known as Offa's Dyke (Welsh: Clawdd Offa). Davies wrote of Cyril Fox's study of Offa's Dyke: Events November 15 - Northumbrian king Oswiu defeats the pagan Mercian king Penda in the Battle of Winwaed Empress Saimei ascends to the throne of Japan. ... Alternate meaning: Area code 705 Events End of the short-lived Zhou Dynasty in China Umayyad caliph Abd al-Malik succeeded by al-Walid I ibn Abd al-Malik. ... 707 A south Australian counter-strike team consisting of fbz, bl1zz, carnage, ic3solo and Jonevo. ... Events 3 January - Kinich Ahkal Mo Naab III takes throne of Maya state of Palenque Battle of Covadonga: First victory of a Christian army over a Muslim army in Spain (probable date) War between Wessex and Sussex Births Deaths Empress Gemmei of Japan Categories: 722 ... Mathrafal near Welshpool was the seat of the Kings and Princes of Powys probably from the 9th Century until its destruction in 1212 by Llywelyn ap Iorwerth of Gwynedd. ... March 21 - Battle of Vincy between Charles Martel and Ragenfrid. ... Elisedd ap Gwylog (died c. ... Events Abd-ar-rahman I lands in Spain, where the next year he will establish a new Umayyad dynasty. ... Ethelbald (or Æthelbald) (died 757) was the King of Mercia in England from 716 until his death. ... Offa (died July 26/29, 796) was the King of Mercia from 757 until his death. ... Offas Dyke (in Welsh, Clawdd Offa) is a massive earthwork, ostensibly between England and Wales, running from the estuary of the River Dee in the north to the River Wye in the south (approximately 150 miles, or 240 km). ...

"In the planning of it, there was a degree of consultation with the kings of Powys and Gwent. On the Long Mountain near Trelystan, the dyke veers to the east, leaving the fertile slops in the hands of the Welsh; near Rhiwabod, it was designed to ensure that Cadell ap Brochwel retained possession of the Fortress of Penygadden." And for Gwent Offa had the dyke built "on the eastern crest of the gorge, clearly with the intention of recognizing that the river Wye and its traffic belonged to the kingdom of Gwent".

This new border moved Oswestry back to the English side of the new frontier, and Offa attacked Powys in 760 at Hereford, and again on 778, 784 and 796. Offa's Dyke largely remained the frontier between the Welsh and English, though the Welsh would recover by the 12th century the area between the Dee and the Conwy known then as the Perfeddwlad. Events Maya civilization city of Dos Pilas is abandoned. ... Events Charlemagne fights the Moors in Spain. ... Events August 31 - Paul IV abdicates as Patriarch of Constantinople December 25 - Tarasius elected Patriarch of Constantinople The Japanese capital moved away from Nara. ... Events December - Coenwulf becomes king of Mercia. ... River Dee may refer to: River Dee, Wales (Afon Dyfrdwy), mostly in North Wales, flowing from Snowdonia to Chester. ... The River Conwy, or, in Welsh Afon Conwy , is a river in North Wales. ... Perfeddwlad, meaning middle country in Welsh, was a name adopted during the twelfth century for the territories in north-east Wales lying between the rivers Conwy and Dee, and comprised the cantrefi of Rhôs, Rhufoniog, Dyffryn Clwyd and Tegeingl. ...


Rhodri, Hywel, & Gruffydd

Powys was united with Gwynedd when king Merfyn Frych of Gwynedd married princess Nest, the sister of king Cyngen of Powys, the last representative of the Gwertherion dynasty. With the death of Cyngen in 855 Rhodri became king of Powys, having inherited Gwynedd the year before. This formed the basis of Gwynedd's continued claims of overlordship over Powys for the next 443 years. Merfyn Frych ap Gwriad (died 844) was a King of Gwynedd. ... Events Louis II succeeds Lothar as western emperor. ... Rhodri the Great a. ...


Rhodri the Great ruled over most of modern Wales until his death in 877. His sons would in turn found dynasties of their own which would loom large in Welsh history, each claiming decent from Rhodri. Merfyn inherited Powys, whilst his brothers, Anarawd ap Rhodri and Cadell, established the Aberffraw dynasty in Gwynedd and the line of Dinefwr respectively. The Danes take Exeter Indravarman II succeeds Jayavarman III as ruler of the Khmer Empire. ... Anarawd ap Rhodri (died 916) was a King of Gwynedd. ... Aberffraw is a small village on the south west coast of Anglesey (Welsh: ), by the west bank of the River Ffraw, at grid reference SH354693. ... Gwynedd is an administrative county in Wales, named after the old Kingdom of Gwynedd. ... Dinefwr was a local government district in Dyfed, Wales from 1974 to 1996. ...


In 942 Hywel ap Cadell of Deheubarth (Rhodri's grandson through his second son, Cadell) seized Gwynedd on the death of his cousin, Idwal Foel. He apparently took Powys from Llywelyn ap Merfyn at the same time and arranged for a dynastic marriage between their children. Hywel had founded Deheubarth 920 out of his maternal and paternal inheritances, and maintained close relations with Athelstan of England, often visiting Athelstan's court. Hywel studied the English legal system and reformed the Welsh laws in his own realms, and when he went on pilgrimage to Rome in 928, he took his collection of laws, which allegedly were blessed by the pope. Hywel encouraged the use of coinage in Wales, having his monies minted in Chester, a benefit of his relations with England. In 945 Hywel held an assembly in Whitland to codify his law codes, though with the aid of the celebrated cleric Blefywryd. Hwyel's works would lead posterity to name him the good or in Welsh Hywel Dda, and his reign is recognised as an unusually peaceful one. On his death, Gwynedd reverted back to the Aberffraw dynasty, though Powys and Deheubarth were divided between his sons. Events Kaminarimon, the eight-pillared gate to Japans Kinryuzan Sensouji Temple is erected. ... Hywel Dda (c. ... Deheubarth was a south-western kingdom or principality of medieval Wales. ... Idwal Foel ab Anarawd (Idwal the Bald) (died 942) was a Prince of Gwynedd. ... Events The golden age of the Empire of Ghana began in Africa. ... Athelstan redirects here. ... Welsh law, the law of Wales was traditionally first codified by Hywel Dda (the Good) during the period between 942 and 950 when he was king of most of Wales. ... Events Dao Kang Di succeeds Gong Hui Di and is followed in the same year by Tai Zu, all of the Dali Gu Dynasty in southeast China. ... Whitland (in Welsh Y Hendy Gwyn) is a small town in Carmarthenshire, Wales, lying on the River Taf. ...


Maredudd ab Owain rebuilt the kingdom of his grandfather Hywel the Good. He was king of Deheubarth and Powys by 986, when he seized Gwynedd. Maredudd fought off English encroachment in Powys and increasing Viking raids in Gwynedd. He is recorded to have paid a penny for hostages captured by Vikings, a large sum for his time. With Maredudd's death in 999, Powys passed to his grandson Llywelyn ap Seisyll, through Maredudd's elder daughter Princess Anghared (with her first husband Seisyll ap Owian), while Deheubarth was divided between his sons. Gwynedd temporarily returned to the Aberffraw line. Though the next century would see the abandonment of the senior historic families as increased Viking incursions and incessant warfare led usurpers to overthrow the Aberffraw and Dinefwr houses which were not recovered by them until the latter part of the century. Maredudd ab Owain (died 999) was a Prince of Gwynedd and of Deheubarth. ... Events Silesia is incorporated into territory ruled by Boleslaus I of Poland Pope Silvester II succeeds Pope Gregory V Sigmundur Brestisson introduces christianity in the Faroe Islands Deaths December 16 - Saint Adelaide of Italy (b. ... Llywelyn ap Seisyll (died 1023) was a King of Gwynedd and of Deheubarth in north-west and south-west Wales. ...


Llywelyn's son Gruffydd would unite all Wales under his own kingship, even displacing his cousins in Deheubarth, and even expanding into England affecting politics there. With Gruffydd's death Deheubarth passed through a series of rulers with various claims, but would return to the historic Dinefwr dynasty in 1063 in the person of Maredudd ab Owain ab Edwin. In the period before the Norman Conquest of Wales, several native princes had the name Gruffydd ap Llywelyn (Griffith son of Llywelyn). Two of these were of major importance in the history of Wales. ... Maredudd ab Owain ab Edwin (died 1072) was a prince of the kingdom of Deheubarth in south west Wales. ...


House of Mathrafal

Banner of the Kingdom of Powys.
Banner of the Kingdom of Powys.

It is through Princess Anghared (as daughter of Maredudd ab Owain of Deheubarth and Powys), her second husband was Cynfyn ap Gwerstan, that the Mathrafal dynasty was founded. The dynasty takes its name from the historic seat of Mathrafal Castle. Anghared's son Bleddyn ap Cynfyn would inherit Powys in 1063 on the death of his maternal half-brother Gruffydd ap Llywelyn. Bleddyn, the name means wolf in Welsh, secured Gwynedd in 1063 after a battle with the Aberffraw claimant Cynan ap Iago, with Edward the Confessor of England endorsing Bleddyn's seizure later that year. Additionally, Bleddyn is recorded as amending the Law Codes of Hywel Dda. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 530 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (576 × 652 pixel, file size: 32 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) as previous, I corrected the design because it should be or, a lion gules armed and langed azure requiring a blue tongue, teeth and claws. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 530 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (576 × 652 pixel, file size: 32 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) as previous, I corrected the design because it should be or, a lion gules armed and langed azure requiring a blue tongue, teeth and claws. ... A seat or Family Seat is the principal residence of a lord, noble, or aristrocrat, and his family. ... Mathrafal near Welshpool was the seat of the Kings and Princes of Powys probably from the 9th Century until its destruction in 1212 by Llywelyn ap Iorwerth of Gwynedd. ... Bleddyn ap Cynfyn (died 1075) was a Prince of Gwynedd and of Powys. ... Events Anselm of Canterbury becomes prior at Le Bec Sancho I becomes ruler of Aragon Bishopric of Olomouc is founded Births Deaths April 30 - Emperor Renzong (b. ... Cynan ap Iago was a Welsh Prince and father of Gruffydd ap Cynan, Prince of Gwynedd. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Bleddyn ap Cynfyn and his brother Rhiwallon fought alongside the Anglo-Saxons against the Norman Invasion. In 1067 they allied with the Mercian Eadric the Wild in an attack on the Normans at Hereford, then in 1068 with Earl Edwin of Mercia and Earl Morcar of Northumbria in another attack on the Normans. In 1070 he defeated his half-nephews, the sons of Gruffydd ap Llywelyn, in the battle of Mechain in their bid to take Gwynedd. Bleddyn ap Cynfyn himself was killed in 1075 while campaigning in Deheubarth against Rhys ab Owain. With Bleddyn's death, Powys passed to his sons and grandsons in their turn. Gwynedd passed to his cousin Trehaearn ap Caradog, who was killed in 1081 at the Battle of Mynydd Carn, and would then return to the histioric Aberffraw dynasty in the person of Gruffydd ap Cynan. Powys was itself divided between Bleddyn's sons Iorwerth, Cadwgan, and Maredudd. The Bayeux Tapestry depicts the Battle of Hastings and the events leading to it. ... Eadric the Wild was a leader of English Saxon resistance to the Norman Conquest. ... Norman conquests in red. ... , Hereford (pronounced or ) Welsh: (pronounced Henforth) is a city and civil parish in the West Midlands of England, close to the border with Wales and on the River Wye. ... Edwin (died 1070) was the elder brother of Morcar, Earl of Northumbria, son of Ælfgar, Earl of Mercia and nephew of Hereward. ... Morcar (or Morkere) (d. ... Combatants Bleddyn ap Cynfyn, Rhiwallon ap Cynfyn† Sons of Gruffydd ap Llywelyn† Casualties Unknown Unknown The Battle of Mechain was fought in 1070 in Montgomeryshire, Wales, for rule of the Welsh kingdoms of Gwynedd and Powys. ... Events Revolt of the Earls. ... Rhys ab Owain (died 1078) was a king of Deheubarth in southern Wales. ... Combatants Gruffydd ap Cynan, Rhys ap Tewdwr Trahaearn ap Caradog, Caradog ap Gruffydd Commanders Strength Casualties Unknown, said to be light Unknown, Trahaearn, Caradog and other notables killed {{{notes}}} The Battle of Mynydd Carn took place in 1081, as part of a dynastic struggle for control of the Welsh kingdoms... Gruffydd ap Cynan (c. ...


After William of Normandy secured England, he left the Welsh to his Norman barons to carve out lordships for themselves. Thus the Welsh March was formed along the Ango-Welsh borderlands. By 1086 the Norman Earl Roger de Montgomery of Shrewsbury had built a castle at the Severn ford of Rhydwhiman, named Montgomery Castle after his home in Normandy. After Montgomery other Normans claimed the north Powys' cantrefi of Ial, Cynllaith, Edernion, and Nanheudwy. From here they took Arwstle, Ceri, and Cedwain. Almost the whole of Powys, as much of Wales, was in Norman hands by 1090. The three sons of Bleddyn ap Cynfyn would lead the resistance and their restoration in Powys. By 1096 they had retaken most of Powys, including Montgomery Castle. Roger Montgomery rose in revolt against King William II of England and had his lands confiscated in 1102 and given in turn to Payne Fitzjohn, who encouraged Philip de Braose to attack Builth and Hugh Mortimer to attack Elfael and Maelienydd. William I ( 1027 – September 9, 1087), was King of England from 1066 to 1087. ... Events Domesday Book is completed in England Emperor Shirakawa of Japan starts his cloistered rule Imam Ali Mosque is rebuilt by the Seljuk Malik Shah I after being destroyed by fire. ... Roger of Montgomery, 1st Earl of Shrewsbury (d. ... Montgomery Castle is a masonry castle looking over the town of Montgomery in mid Wales. ... William II (c. ... Philip de Braose, 2nd Lord of Bramber was a Norman nobleman whoes father, William de Braose (d. ... Builth Wells (Welsh: Llanfair ym Muallt) is a town in Powys, traditional county of Brecknockshire, mid Wales, lying on the River Wye. ... Maelienydd, sometimes spelt Maeliennydd, was a cantref and lordship in east central Wales covering the area from the River Teme to Radnor Forest and the area around Llandrindod Wells. ...

Approximate extent of Powys in 1160
Approximate extent of Powys in 1160

Through the twelfth and thirteenth centuries the House of Mathrafal struggled to retain its lands in Powys against Norman Marcher lords and a resurgent Gwynedd. In 1160 the realm fell victim to the Welsh Laws of Succession and were divided into northern and southern principalities. Divided they were weaker still and while the northern realm of Powys Fadog largely supported the independent aspirations of neighbouring Gwynedd under Owain Gwynedd, Llywelyn Fawr and Dafydd ap Llywelyn, the southern realm of Powys Wenwynwyn was frequently at logger heads with them and often chose to ally itself with the arch-enemy England. In 1267 both Powys's paid homage to Llywelyn the Last as the Prince of Wales but Gruffudd ap Gwenwynwyn the lord of Powys-Wenwynwyn changed allegiance again in 1277 during the new English campaign against Llywelyn of Gwynedd. In the final campaign of Llywelyn the Last in 1282 the forces of Gruffudd ap Gwenwynwyn were instrumental in his downfall and the demise of Welsh independence when they alongside Hugo Le Strange and Roger Mortimer ambushed Llywelyn and killed him. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Powys Fadog or Powys Maelor was the northern portion of the former princely realm of Powys which split in two following the death of Madog ap Maredudd of Powys in 1160. ... Owain Gwynedd (in English, Owen) (c. ... Llywelyn ap Iorwerth ( 1173–April 11, 1240) was a Prince of Gwynedd. ... Dafydd ap Llywelyn (c. ... Powys Wenwynwyn or Powys Cyfeiliog was the southern portion of the former princely state of Powys which split following the death of Madog ap Maredudd of Powys in 1160. ... Arms used by Llywelyn ap Gruffydd Llywelyn ap Gruffydd or Llywelyn Ein Llyw Olaf (c. ... The Prince of Wales Feathers. This Heraldic badge of the Heir Apparent is derived from the ostrich feathers borne by Edward, the Black Prince. ... Roger Mortimer (or Roger de Mortimer) was the name of several Marcher lords, members of a powerful Norman family living on the borders of England and Wales in the 13th and 14th centuries. ...


After the Statute of Rhuddlan in 1284 all Welsh princely titles were abolished and Powys ceased to exist. It was incorporated into the new county of Montgomeryshire and also parts of Denbighshire and Flintshire and would not be resurrected until the boundary changes in 1974 created a new and enlarged "county" of Powys that merged the counties of Montgomeryshire, Brecknockshire and Radnorshire (the later two having not traditionally been within the bounds of the old kingdom). The Statute of Rhuddlan was enacted on 3 March 1284 after the conquest of Wales by the English king Edward I. The Statute of Rhuddlan was issued from Rhuddlan Castle in North Wales, which was built as one of the iron ring of fortresses by Edward I, in his late... // Events War and politics King Charles II of Naples is captured in a naval battle off Naples by Roger of Lauria, admiral to King Peter III of Aragon. ... Montgomeryshire (Welsh: Sir Drefaldwyn) is an inland traditional county of Wales. ... Denbighshire (Welsh: Sir Ddinbych) is a county in North Wales. ... Flintshire (Welsh: ) is a principal area and county in north-east Wales. ... Year 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the 1974 Gregorian calendar. ... Powys is a local government principal area and a preserved county in Wales. ... Brecknockshire (Welsh: ), also known as Breconshire, or the County of Brecon is one of thirteen historic counties of Wales, and a former administrative county. ... Radnorshire (Welsh: ) is one of thirteen historic counties and former administrative counties of Wales. ...


Rulers of Powys

Kings of Powys


House of Gwertherion


Gwrtheyrn (High-King Vortigern)
Cadeyern Fendigaid c.430 - 447 Reputed eldest son of Gwrtheyrn, blessed by Saint Germanus
Cadell Ddyrnllwg c. 447 - 460
Rhyddfedd Frych c. 480
Cyngen Glodrydd c. 500
Pasgen ap Cyngen c. 530
Morgan ap Pasgen c. 540
Brochwel Ysgithrog c. 550
Cynan Garwyn (? – 610)
Selyf ap Cynan (610613)
Manwgan ap Selyf (613)
Eiludd Powys (613 – ?)
Beli ap Eiludd vers 655
Gwylog ap Beli (695? – 725)
Elisedd ap Gwylog (725755?)
Brochfael ap Elisedd (755? – 773)
Cadell ap Elisedd (773808)
Cyngen ap Cadell (808854) Throne usurped by Gwynedd and exiled to Rome where the family endured
This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A high king is a king who holds a position of seniority over a group of other kings, without the title of Emperor; compare King of Kings. ... Cadeyern Fendigaid was a mid 5th century King of Powys, and the reputed eldest of Gwrtheryn (High-King Vortigern). ... Events Saint Patrick reaches Ireland on his missionary expedition. ... Events Synod of Toledo: The filioque clause is added to the Nicene Creed Merovech becomes king of the Franks Battle of the Utus: Attila the Hun meets the Eastern Romans in an indecisive battle. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This is not the 6th century bishop of Paris, canonized as Saint Germain of Paris, who founded an abbey in the fields near Paris, now the church of Saint-Germain-des-Pres. ... Cadell Ddyrnllwg was a mid 5th century King of Powys. ... Events Synod of Toledo: The filioque clause is added to the Nicene Creed Merovech becomes king of the Franks Battle of the Utus: Attila the Hun meets the Eastern Romans in an indecisive battle. ... Events March 27 night - Swabians invade the Gallic city of Lugo. ... Rhyddfedd Frych was a late 5th century King of Powys. ... Events Odoacer defeats an attempt by Julius Nepos to recapture Italy, and has Julius killed; Odoacer also captured Dalmatia. ... Cyngen Glodrydd was an early 6th century King of Powys. ... Events Possible date for the Battle of Mons Badonicus: Romano-British and Celts defeat an Anglo-Saxon army that may have been led by the bretwalda Aelle of Sussex (approximate date; suggested dates range from 490 to 510) Note: This battle may have influenced the legend of King Arthur. ... Pasgen ap Cyngen was a mid 6th century King of Powys, and son of Cyngen Glodrydd. ... Battle of Daras: Belisarius and Hermogenes defeat the Persians in a major battle which blunts a Persian offensive into Roman Mesopotamia. ... Morgan ap Pasgen was a mid 6th century King of Powys, and a son of Pasgen ap Cyngen. ... Events Byzantine general Belisarius conquers Milan and the Ostrogoth capital Ravenna. ... Brochwel ap Cyngen (died c. ... Events By Place Byzantine Empire Silk reaches Constantinople (approximate date). ... Cynan Garwyn has little more recorded of him than his name and that he was the ruler of lands in the Kingdom of Powys, Wales in the seventh century. ... Events October 4 - Heraclius arrives by ship from Africa at Constantinople, overthrows Byzantine Emperor Phocas and becomes Emperor. ... Selyf ap Cynan or Selyf Sarffgadau (died 616) appears in Old Welsh genealogies as an early 7th century King of Powys, the son of Cynan Garwyn. ... Events October 4 - Heraclius arrives by ship from Africa at Constantinople, overthrows Byzantine Emperor Phocas and becomes Emperor. ... Events Clotaire II reunites the Frankish kingdoms by ordering the murder of Sigebert II. Saint Columbanus founds the monastery of Bobbio in northern Italy. ... Manwgan ap Selyf was an early 7th century King of Powys, the son of Selyf Sarffgadau. ... Events Clotaire II reunites the Frankish kingdoms by ordering the murder of Sigebert II. Saint Columbanus founds the monastery of Bobbio in northern Italy. ... Eiludd Powys was an early 7th century King of Powys. ... Events Clotaire II reunites the Frankish kingdoms by ordering the murder of Sigebert II. Saint Columbanus founds the monastery of Bobbio in northern Italy. ... Beli ap Eiludd was a 7th century King of of Powys. ... Events November 15 - Northumbrian king Oswiu defeats the pagan Mercian king Penda in the Battle of Winwaed Empress Saimei ascends to the throne of Japan. ... Gwylog ap Beli (695? – 725) was one of the rulers of the Kingdom of Powys, son of Beli ap Eiludd. ... Events People of Byzantium revolt against Justinian II. Leontius II made emperor, Justinian II is banished. ... Events Births Deaths Wihtred, king of Kent Categories: 725 ... Elisedd ap Gwylog (died c. ... Events Births Deaths Wihtred, king of Kent Categories: 725 ... Events Abd-ar-rahman I lands in Spain, where the next year he will establish a new Umayyad dynasty. ... Brochfael ap Elisedd was a mid 8th century King of Powys. ... Events Abd-ar-rahman I lands in Spain, where the next year he will establish a new Umayyad dynasty. ... Events Charlemagne crosses the Alps and invades the kingdom of the Lombards. ... Cadell ap Elisedd was a late 8th and early 9th century King of Powys. ... Events Charlemagne crosses the Alps and invades the kingdom of the Lombards. ... Events The Abbasid capital is moved north from Baghdad to Samarra. ... Cyngen ap Cadell (died 855) was a king of Powys in eastern Wales. ... Events The Abbasid capital is moved north from Baghdad to Samarra. ... Events Charles the Bald, Louis the German and Lothar meet at Attigny. ...


House of Manaw


Rhodri Mawr (854878)
of Gwynedd, inheriting through his mother Rhodri the Great a. ... Events Charles the Bald, Louis the German and Lothar meet at Attigny. ... Events The Danes force king Alfred the Great of Wessex to retreat to a fort in Athelney, Somerset. ...


Merfyn ap Rhodri (878900)
Llywelyn ap Merfyn (900942)
Hywel Dda (942950) Usurped from the Aberffraw line
Owain ap Hywel (950986) Ruled thereafter by a cadet branch of the House of Dinefwr, establishing the Mathrafal dynasty of rulers
Maredudd ap Owain (986999)
Llywelyn ap Seisyll (9991023), son of Anghered by her first husband. Anghered is the daughter of Maredudd ab Owain
Rhydderch ap Iestyn (10231033)
Iago ap Idwal (10331039)
Gruffydd ap Llywelyn (10391063)
Merfyn ap Rhodri was a late 9th century King of Powys, (d. ... Events The Danes force king Alfred the Great of Wessex to retreat to a fort in Athelney, Somerset. ... Persian sfuckentist, Rhazes, distinguished smallpox from measles in the course of his writings. ... Llywelyn ap Merfyn was an early 10th century King of Powys, son of Merfyn ap Rhodri, and grandson of Rhodri the Great, (d. ... Persian sfuckentist, Rhazes, distinguished smallpox from measles in the course of his writings. ... Events Kaminarimon, the eight-pillared gate to Japans Kinryuzan Sensouji Temple is erected. ... Howell the Good (880?–950; Welsh: Hywel Dda or Hywel ap Cadell) is listed amongst the kings of Gwynedd. ... Events Kaminarimon, the eight-pillared gate to Japans Kinryuzan Sensouji Temple is erected. ... Events World Population: 250 Million. ... Owain ap Hywel (died 987) was king of Deheubarth in south Wales and probably also controlled Powys. ... Events World Population: 250 Million. ... Events March 2 - Louis V becomes King of the Franks End of the reign of Emperor Kazan of Japan Emperor Ichijo ascends to the throne of Japan Explorer Bjarni Herjólfsson becomes the first inhabitant of the Old World to sight North America Births Deaths March 2 - Lothair, King of... In noble families, the title of nobility is usually passed to the first-born son, although more recently it has often passed to the eldest offspring regardless of gender, e. ... The House of Dinefwr refers to the descendants of Cadell ap Rhodri King of Seisyllwg, son of Rhodri the Great. ... Mathrafal near Welshpool was the seat of the Kings and Princes of Powys probably from the 9th Century until its destruction in 1212 by Llywelyn ap Iorwerth of Gwynedd. ... Maredudd ap Owain (died 999) was a King of Gwynedd and of Deheubarth. ... Events March 2 - Louis V becomes King of the Franks End of the reign of Emperor Kazan of Japan Emperor Ichijo ascends to the throne of Japan Explorer Bjarni Herjólfsson becomes the first inhabitant of the Old World to sight North America Births Deaths March 2 - Lothair, King of... Events Silesia is incorporated into territory ruled by Boleslaus I of Poland Pope Silvester II succeeds Pope Gregory V Sigmundur Brestisson introduces christianity in the Faroe Islands Deaths December 16 - Saint Adelaide of Italy (b. ... Llywelyn ap Seisyll (died 1023) was a King of Gwynedd and of Deheubarth in north-west and south-west Wales. ... Events Silesia is incorporated into territory ruled by Boleslaus I of Poland Pope Silvester II succeeds Pope Gregory V Sigmundur Brestisson introduces christianity in the Faroe Islands Deaths December 16 - Saint Adelaide of Italy (b. ... Events The Judge-Governor of Sevilla takes advantage of the disintegration of the caliphate of Córdoba and seizes power as Abbad I, thus founded the Abbadid dynasty. ... Rhydderch ab Iestyn (died 1033) was king of Gwent and Morgannwg in south Wales and later took over the kingdom of Deheubarth and controlled Powys. ... Events The Judge-Governor of Sevilla takes advantage of the disintegration of the caliphate of Córdoba and seizes power as Abbad I, thus founded the Abbadid dynasty. ... Events Benedict IX becomes pope. ... Iago ap Idwal (ruled 950 - 979) was a King of Gwynedd and possibly Powys, also called King of the Britons by the Annals of Ulster. ... Events Benedict IX becomes pope. ... Events June 4 - Henry III becomes King of Germany. ... In the period before the Norman Conquest of Wales, several native princes had the name Gruffydd ap Llywelyn (Griffith son of Llywelyn). Two of these were of major importance in the history of Wales. ... Events June 4 - Henry III becomes King of Germany. ... Events Anselm of Canterbury becomes prior at Le Bec Sancho I becomes ruler of Aragon Bishopric of Olomouc is founded Births Deaths April 30 - Emperor Renzong (b. ...


Mathrafal Princes of Powys


Bleddyn ap Cynfyn (10631075)
Iorwerth ap Bleddyn 1075 - 1103 (part)
Cadwgan ap Bleddyn (1075 - 1111 (part)
Owain ap Cadwgan (1111 - 1116 (part)
Maredudd ap Bleddyn (11161132)
Madog ap Maredudd (11321160) Bleddyn ap Cynfyn (died 1075) was a Prince of Gwynedd and of Powys. ... Events Anselm of Canterbury becomes prior at Le Bec Sancho I becomes ruler of Aragon Bishopric of Olomouc is founded Births Deaths April 30 - Emperor Renzong (b. ... Events Revolt of the Earls. ... Iorwerth ap Bleddyn (died 1111) was a prince of Powys in eastern Wales. ... Events Revolt of the Earls. ... Events April 27 - Anselm, Archbishop of Canterbury, goes into exile after falling out with Henry I of England Amadeus III becomes Count of Savoy Bohemund I of Antioch is released from imprisonment among the Turks The Scandinavian city of Lund becomes a see within the Roman Catholic Church Births February... Cadwgan ap Bleddyn (died 1111) was a prince of Powys in eastern Wales. ... Events Revolt of the Earls. ... Events The Synod of Rathbreasail marked the transition of the Irish church from a monastic to a diocesan one Henry V is crowned Holy Roman Emperor by Pope Paschal II Baldwin VII becomes Count of Flanders Births Henry of Blois, bishop of Winchester (died 1171) Andrei Bogolyubsky, prince of Vladimir... Owain ap Cadwgan (died 1116) was a prince of Powys in eastern Wales. ... Events The Synod of Rathbreasail marked the transition of the Irish church from a monastic to a diocesan one Henry V is crowned Holy Roman Emperor by Pope Paschal II Baldwin VII becomes Count of Flanders Births Henry of Blois, bishop of Winchester (died 1171) Andrei Bogolyubsky, prince of Vladimir... Events Baldwin I of Jerusalem undertakes an invasion of Egypt The modern book of separate pages stitched together is invented in China Construction starts on the Chennkesava temple The Aztecs leave Aztlán searching for the site of what will eventually become Tenochtitlán and later Mexico City Births Deaths... Maredudd ap Bleddyn (died 1132) was a prince of Powys in eastern Wales. ... Events Baldwin I of Jerusalem undertakes an invasion of Egypt The modern book of separate pages stitched together is invented in China Construction starts on the Chennkesava temple The Aztecs leave Aztlán searching for the site of what will eventually become Tenochtitlán and later Mexico City Births Deaths... Events Diarmaid Mac Murrough has the abbey of Kildare in Ireland burned and the abbess raped. ... Madog ap Maredudd (died 1160) was the last prince of the entire Kingdom of Powys. ... Events Diarmaid Mac Murrough has the abbey of Kildare in Ireland burned and the abbess raped. ... Events Eric IX of Sweden is succeeded by Karl Sverkersson. ...


From 1160 Powys was split into two parts. The southern part was later called Powys Wenwynwyn after Gwenwynwyn ab Owain "Cyfeiliog" ap Madog, while the northern part was called Powys Fadog after Madog ap Gruffydd "Maelor" ap Madog Events Eric IX of Sweden is succeeded by Karl Sverkersson. ... Powys Wenwynwyn or Powys Cyfeiliog was the southern portion of the former princely state of Powys which split following the death of Madog ap Maredudd of Powys in 1160. ... Gwenwynwyn ab Owain (died c. ... Powys Fadog or Powys Maelor was the northern portion of the former princely realm of Powys which split in two following the death of Madog ap Maredudd of Powys in 1160. ... Madog ap Gruffydd Maelor, Prince of Powys Fadog 1191-1236. ...


Sources

  • Davies, John (1990). History of Wales, Penguin Books.
  • Hen, Llywarch (attribution) (c.9th century). Canu Heledd.
  • Monmouth, Geoffrey of (c.1136). History of the Kings of Britain.
  • Morris, John (1973). The Age of Arthur. Weidenfeld & Nicolson.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Kingdom of Powys - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2011 words)
Through-out the early Dark Ages, Powys was ruled by the Gwerthernion dynasty, a family claiming decent jointly from the marriage of Vortigern and Princess Elen, the daughter of Magnus Maximus.
In 616 Powys was attacked by Æthelfrith of Northumbria in his pursuit of a political rival, Edwin of Northumbria, whom had sought refuge in Gwynedd.
Powys was united with Gwynedd when king Merfyn Frych of Gwynedd married princess Nest, the sister of king Cyngen of Powys, the last representative of the Gwertherion dynasty.
Kingdom of Powys - definition of Kingdom of Powys in Encyclopedia (225 words)
The Kingdom of Powys was one of several kingdoms that ruled a part of modern Wales.
The kingdom of Powys came to an end when Merfyn Frych, king of Gwynedd married Nest, the sister of king Cyngen; on the death of Cyngen in 855, their son Rhodri inherited the title to the kingdom, and it was thenceforth ruled as part of Gwynedd.
Powys was recreated as a kingdom in 1075 to provide a domain and title for a junior branch of the kings of Gwynedd, who sometimes held both lands themselves.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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