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Encyclopedia > Kingdom of Kerma

The Kingdom of Kerma was a state in Nubia from around 2000 BCE to about 1520 BCE. It was based in the city of Kerma in Upper Nubia and emerged as a major centre during the Middle Kingdom period in Egypt The town is marked by large and expensive tombs. Kerma was also home to an Egyptian fort. George Reisner believed that Kerma was originally the base of an Egyptian governor and these Egyptian rulers evolved into the independent monarchs of Kerma. Modern scholars tend to see the fort as a trading outpost as it is too small and too far away from the known borders of Egypt. The royal burials also employ practices foreign to Egypt making a local dynasty more probable. For the Star Wars planet, see Nubia (Star Wars). ... (Redirected from 2000 BCE) (21st century BC - 20th century BC - 19th century BC - other centuries) (3rd millennium BC - 2nd millennium BC - 1st millennium BC) Events 2064 - 1986 BC -- Twin Dynasty wars in Egypt 2000 BC -- Farmers and herders travel south from Ethiopia and settle in Kenya. ... Kerma can refer to: Kerma was a city in Ancient Nubia and the capital of the Kingdom of Kerma. ... The term Middle Kingdom can refer to; the country, China a period in the History of Ancient Egypt, the Middle Kingdom of Egypt, This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ...


During the First Intermediate Period the Egyptian presence in Lower Nubia disappeared and when Egyptian sources again mention the region at the beginning of the New Kingdom they report Kerma in control of both Upper and Lower Nubia. The First Intermediate Period is the name conventionally given by Egyptologists to that period in Ancient Egyptian history between the end of the Old Kingdom and the advent of the Middle Kingdom. ... The New Kingdom period of Egyptian history is the period between the 16th century BC and the 11th century BC, covering the Eighteenth, Nineteenth, and Twentieth dynasty of Egypt. ...


Under Tuthmosis I Egypt made several campaigns south, which resulted with the annexation of Nubia and brought an end to the Kingdom of Kerma. nomen or birth name Aakheperkare Thutmose I ( ? – 1492 BC; sometimes spelled Thutmosis) was the 3rd Pharaoh of the 18th dynasty of Egypt. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Kerma - Black Africa's Oldest Civilization (1457 words)
Storage pits for wheat and barley from the very beginning of Kerma civilisation 3000 B.C. Archaeologists in Sudan are unearthing one of the world’s oldest civilisations – an ancient kingdom which began to fourish 5,000 years ago, hundreds of miles to the south of ancient Egypt.
Kerma ceramics are among the most elegant from the ancient world – strikingly modern-looking with simple shapes and bold geometric designs.
Kerma was annexed and became an Egyptian colony – “The Land governed by the Pharaoh’s Son”.
Kerma (358 words)
Kerma thrived from gold excavated in the eastern desert.
Among the main structures from the Kerma culture are the two huge mud-brick structures known as deffufa, dating from the 17th century BCE.
The Kerma culture has occasionally been defined as part of Egyptian culture, but it appears to be local and largely independent.
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