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Encyclopedia > Kingdom of Hanover

Hanover (German Hannover) is a historical territory in today's Germany. It was an independent kingdom from 1814 to 1866 and a province of Prussia from 1866 to 1946. It is named after its capital, Hanover.


In 1636, the capital of the Calenberg line of the Duchy of Brunswick-Lüneburg was moved to the city of Hanover, and hence the line was also known as the Hanover line. In 1692, the duke received the additional title of elector (see prince-elector), and was thenceforth normally known as the "Elector of Hanover." In 1714, the Hanoverian electors became kings of Great Britain (see House of Hanover). The Hanoverians also continued to expand their control in Germany. They inherited the territories of the Celle line of the House of Brunswick-Lüneburg in 1705, and the formerly Swedish territories of Bremen and Verden in 1719.


In 1803, the Electorate was occupied by the French, who ruled over it in one guise or another for the next ten years. In 1813, the Electorate was restored, and in October of 1814 it became the Kingdom of Hanover at the Congress of Vienna, in order to make George III equal to the upstart King of Württemberg in German affairs. The personal union with the United Kingdom ended in 1837 on the accession of Queen Victoria because the sucession laws in Hanover prevented a female inheriting the title if there was any surviving male heir (in the United Kingdom, a male only took precedence in respect of siblings). In the Prussian-Austrian War of 1866, Hanover was annexed by Prussia and became a province (3.5 million inhabitants in 1939). In 1946, the British military administration made Hanover the main part of the state of Lower Saxony, along with the Grand Duchy of Oldenburg, the Duchy of Brunswick and the Principality of Schaumburg-Lippe


Electors of Hanover, 1692-1814

Kings of Hanover, 1814-1866

See also

  • King's German Legion

  Results from FactBites:
 
Hanover - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1219 words)
Hanover (German: Hannover [haˈnoːfɐ]), on the river Leine, is the capital of the federal state of Lower Saxony (Niedersachsen), Germany.
At the Congress of Vienna in 1814 George III elevated the electorate to the Kingdom of Hanover.
Hanover is an important hub in the Autobahn network; the interchange of two major autobahns, the A2 and A7 is at Kreuz Hannover-Ost, at the northeastern edge of the city.
Hanover (state) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (540 words)
It was an independent kingdom from 1814 to 1866 and a province of Prussia from 1866 to 1946.
Hanover gained the Bishopric of Hildesheim, East Frisia, the Lower County of Lingen, and the northern part of the Bishopric of Münster.
In the Austro-Prussian War of 1866, Hanover was annexed by Prussia and became the Province of Hanover.
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