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Encyclopedia > Kingdom of Essex

The Kingdom of the East Seaxe (one of the seven traditional kingdoms of the so-called Anglo-Saxon Heptarchy) was founded around 500 AD and covered the territory currently occupied by the counties of Essex, Hertfordshire and Middlesex. A map showing the general locations of the Anglo-Saxon peoples around the year 600. ... Events Possible date for the Battle of Mons Badonicus: Romano-British and Celts defeat an Anglo-Saxon army that may have been led by the bretwalda Aelle of Sussex (approximate date; suggested dates range from 490 to 510) Note: This battle may have influenced the legend of King Arthur. ... Essex is a county in the East of England. ... Hertfordshire (pronounced Hartfordshire and abbreviated as Herts) is an inland county in the United Kingdom and part of the East of England Government Office region. ... Middlesex is one of the 39 historic counties of England. ...


The kingdom was bounded to the north by the River Stour and Kingdom of East Anglia, to the south by the River Thames and Kent, to the east lay the North Sea and to the west Mercia. The earliest record of the kingdom dates to Bede's History Eccl., which noted the arrival of Bishop (later Saint) Mellitus in London in 604. The territory included the remains of two provincial Roman capitals Colchester and London. For a brief period in the 8th century the kingdom also encompassed the Kentish Kingdom to the South, but by the mid 8th century much of the kingdom, including London, had fallen to Mercia. After the defeat of the Mercian king Beornwulf around 825 AD, the kingdom became a possession of the Wessex king Ecgbert. In 870 the territory was ceded by Wessex, under the Treaty of Wedmore, to the Danelaw kingdom of East Anglia. The modern English county of Essex maintains the historic northern and the southern borders, but only covers the territory east of the River Lee. The River Stour is a river in East Anglia, England. ... Norfolk and Suffolk, the core area of East Anglia. ... The Thames (pronounced []) is a river flowing through southern England and connecting London with the sea. ... Kent is a county in England, south-east of London. ... The North Sea is a sea of the Atlantic Ocean, located between the coasts of Norway and Denmark in the east, the coast of the British Isles in the west, and the German, Dutch, Belgian and French coasts in the south. ... The general location of Mercia, along with the other peoples of Britain around the year 600. ... Bede depicted in an early medieval manuscript Depiction of Bede from the Nuremberg Chronicle, 1493. ... Saint Mellitus (d. ... Events April 13 - Sabinianus becomes Pope, succeeding Gregory I. September 13 - Pope Sabinianus is consecrated. ... The Roman Forum was the central area around which ancient Rome developed. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... London is the capital city of England and of the United Kingdom, and is the most populous city in the European Union. ... (7th century — 8th century — 9th century — other centuries) Events The Iberian peninsula is taken by Arab and Berber Muslims, thus ending the Visigothic rule, and starting almost 8 centuries of Muslim presence there. ... The general location of Mercia, along with the other peoples of Britain around the year 600. ... Beornwulf (died 826) was the King of Mercia from 823 to 826. ... Events Egbert of Wessex defeats Beornwulf of Mercia at Ellandun. ... Wessex was one of the seven major Anglo-Saxon kingdoms (the Heptarchy) that preceded the kingdom of England. ... Egbert (also Ecgberht or Ecgbert) (c. ... Events February 28 - End of the Fourth Council of Constantinople. ... The Treaty of Wedmore, signed at Wedmore in Somerset, was the result of the Battle of Edington (OE. Ethandun) in 878 AD, in which Alfred the Great defeated the viking forces of the Dane, Guthrum. ... Green: Danelaw The Danelaw (from the Old English Dena lagu) is an 11th century name for an area of northern and eastern England under the administrative control of the Vikings (or Danes, or Norsemen) from the late 9th century. ... Norfolk and Suffolk, the core area of East Anglia. ... Royal motto (French): Dieu et mon droit (Translated: God and my right) Englands location (dark green) within the United Kingdom (light green), with the Republic of Ireland (blue) to its west Languages English Capital London Largest city London Area – Total Ranked 1st UK 130,395 km² Population –mid-2004... A county is generally a sub-unit of regional self-government within a sovereign jurisdiction. ... Bow Creek (tidal) meets the Limehouse Cut (canal) with a view of Londons Docklands The River Lee or River Lea (both spellings are in general use) is a river in England. ...


The dates, names and achievements, like those of most early rulers in the Heptarchy, remain conjectural. The dynasty claimed descent from the god Seaxneat, rather than the god Woden (from whom the other Saxon tribes claimed descent). The list of kings may omit whole generations. A map showing the general locations of the Anglo-Saxon peoples around the year 600. ... This article is about Tyr, the god. ... A god of the Anglo-Saxon /Early English tribes brought with them from continental Europe, around the 5th and 6th centuries until conversion to Christianity in the 8th and 9th centuries CE. Woden is the carrier-off of the dead, but not necessarily with the attributes of his Norse equivalent... This article does not cite its references or sources. ...


This was a time when spellings varied widely, even within a document. A number of variations of the details below exist. Amongst these are the preference between þ and ð (hard and soft "th").


The character '7' was used as the ampersand '&' in contemporary Anglo-Saxon writings. The era pre-dates the emergence of forms of writing accepted today, notably minuscule, and the letters 'W' and 'U'. Where W was followed by U this was generally rendered as 'VV' (which was also used for 'W' alone). Minuscule, or lower case, is the smaller form (case) of letters (in the Roman alphabet: a, b, c, ...). Originally alphabets were written entirely in majuscule (capital) letters which were spaced between well-defined upper and lower bounds. ...


List of Kings of the East Saxons (Essex)

Reign Incumbent Notes
527 to 587 Aescwine ÆSCVVINE CENFVSING ESTSEAXNA CYNING
ÆSCVVINE REX SAXONVM ORIENTALIVM
587 to ante 604 Sledda SLEDDA ÆSCVVINING ESTSEAXNA CYNING
SLEDDA REX SAXONVM ORIENTALIVM
ante 604 to 616/7 Saebert SÆBRYHT SLEDDING ESTSEAXNA CYNING
SÆBRYHT REX SAXONVM ORIENTALIVM
616/7 to 617 Sexred SEXRED SÆBRYHTING ESTSEAXNA CYNING
SEXRED REX SAXONVM ORIENTALIVM
Joint king with Saeward; killed in battle against the West Saxons
616/7 to 617 Saeward SÆVVARD SÆBRYHTING ESTSEAXNA CYNING
SÆVVARD REX SAXONVM ORIENTALIVM
Joint king with Sexred; killed in battle against the West Saxons
617 to ante c.653 Sigeberht I the Little SIGEBRYHT SÆVVARDING ESTSEAXNA CYNING
SIGEBRYHT PARVVS REX SAXONVM ORIENTALIVM
c.653 to 664 Sigeberht II the Good SIGEBRYHT SÆVVARDING ESTSEAXNA CYNING
SIGEBRYHT SANCTVS REX SAXONVM ORIENTALIVM
Saint Sigeberht; Saint Sebbi (Feast Day 29 August)
660 to 664 Swithelm SVVIÞELM ESTSEAXNA CYNING
SVVIÞELM REX SAXONVM ORIENTALIVM
664 to 683 Sighere SIGHERE SIGEBRYHTING ESTSEAXNA CYNING
SIGHERE REX SAXONVM ORIENTALIVM
Joint-king with Sebbi
664 to c.694 Sebbi SEBBI ESTSEAXNA CYNING
SEBBI REX SAXONVM ORIENTALIVM
Joint-king with Sighere; abdicated in favour of his son Sigeheard
c.694 to c.709 Sigeheard SIGEHEARD SEBBING ESTSEAXNA CYNING
SIGEHEARD REX SAXONVM ORIENTALIVM
Joint-king with his son Swaefred
c.695 to ante c.709 Swaefred
(Swaebheard)
SVVÆFRED SIGEHEARDING ESTSEAXNA CYNING
SVVÆFRED REX SAXONVM ORIENTALIVM
Joint-king with his father Sigeheard
709 Offa OFFA SIGEHERING ESTSEAXNA CYNING
OFFA REX SAXONVM ORIENTALIVM
Abdicated
c.709 to 746 Saelred
(Swebert)
SÆLRED SIGEBRYHTING ESTSEAXNA CYNING
SÆLRED REX SAXONVM ORIENTALIVM
Probably joint-king with Swaefbert
c.715 to 738 Swaefbert SVVÆFBRYHT ESTSEAXNA CYNING
SVVÆFBRYHT REX SAXONVM ORIENTALIVM
Probably joint-king with Saelred
746 to 758 Svvithred SVVIÞRED SIGEMVNDING ESTSEAXNA CYNING
SVVIÞRED REX SAXONVM ORIENTALIVM
758 to 798 Sigeric SIGERIC ESTSEAXNA CYNING
SIGERIC REX SAXONVM ORIENTALIVM
Abdicated
798 to 812 Sigered SIGERED SIGERICING ESTSEAXNA CYNING
SIGERED REX SAXONVM ORIENTALIVM
812 to 825 SIGERED DVX SAXONVM ORIENTALIVM Rank reduced by Mercian overlords
c.825 Mercia defeated by Egbert of Wessex, sub-kingdom of Essex subsumed into Wessex

Sigered was the last king of Essex, and he ceded the kingdom to Egbert of Wessex. This article is about the year. ... Events End of the Nan Liang Dynasty in China. ... Aescwine (Erchenwin) (b. ... Events End of the Nan Liang Dynasty in China. ... Events April 13 - Sabinianus becomes Pope, succeeding Gregory I. September 13 - Pope Sabinianus is consecrated. ... Sledda (587? - c. ... Events April 13 - Sabinianus becomes Pope, succeeding Gregory I. September 13 - Pope Sabinianus is consecrated. ... Events Eadbald succeeds Ethelbert as king of Kent. ... Events Sui Gong Di succeeds Sui Yang Di as emperor of China. ... Saebert (died c. ... Events Eadbald succeeds Ethelbert as king of Kent. ... Events Sui Gong Di succeeds Sui Yang Di as emperor of China. ... Events Sui Gong Di succeeds Sui Yang Di as emperor of China. ... Sexred became joint king of the Kingdom of Essex from 616 to 617 along with his brother Saeward after the death of their father Saebert. ... Saeward was the joint king of the Kingdom of Essex from 616 to 617 along with his brother Sexred after the death of their father Saebert. ... This article concerns the English kingdom, not the Westland Wessex helicopter Wessex was one of the seven major Anglo-Saxon kingdoms (the Heptarchy) that preceded the kingdom of England. ... Events Eadbald succeeds Ethelbert as king of Kent. ... Events Sui Gong Di succeeds Sui Yang Di as emperor of China. ... Events Sui Gong Di succeeds Sui Yang Di as emperor of China. ... Saeward was the joint king of the Kingdom of Essex from 616 to 617 along with his brother Sexred after the death of their father Saebert. ... Sexred became joint king of the Kingdom of Essex from 616 to 617 along with his brother Saeward after the death of their father Saebert. ... This article concerns the English kingdom, not the Westland Wessex helicopter Wessex was one of the seven major Anglo-Saxon kingdoms (the Heptarchy) that preceded the kingdom of England. ... Events Sui Gong Di succeeds Sui Yang Di as emperor of China. ... Events Pope Martin I arrested Sigeberht II the Good succeeds Sigeberht I the Little as king of Essex Aripert, nephew of Theodelinda, succeeds Rodoald as king of the Lombards Births Deaths Chindaswinth, king of the Visigoths Rodoald, king of the Lombards Abbas, uncle of Muhammad and his chief financial supporter. ... Sigeberht I (Siegeberht the Little) was king of Essex from 617 to 653. ... Events Pope Martin I arrested Sigeberht II the Good succeeds Sigeberht I the Little as king of Essex Aripert, nephew of Theodelinda, succeeds Rodoald as king of the Lombards Births Deaths Chindaswinth, king of the Visigoths Rodoald, king of the Lombards Abbas, uncle of Muhammad and his chief financial supporter. ... Events September, Synod of Whitby Births Deaths Xuanzang, famous Chinese Buddhist monk. ... Sigeberht II (Sigeberht II the Good, St. ... August 29 is the 241st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (242nd in leap years), with 124 days remaining. ... Events Childeric II proclaimed king of Austrasia. ... Events September, Synod of Whitby Births Deaths Xuanzang, famous Chinese Buddhist monk. ... Swithelm was King of Essex from 660 to 664. ... Events September, Synod of Whitby Births Deaths Xuanzang, famous Chinese Buddhist monk. ... Events Umayyad caliph Yazid I (680 - 683) succeeded by Muawiya II ibn Yazid (683 - 684) End of the reign of Pacal the Great, ruler of Maya state of Palenque Births Emperor Mommu of Japan Bilge Khan, emperor of the Gokturks I Sin, Chinese astronomer Deaths Pope Leo II Tang Gao... Sighere was the joint king of the Kingdom of Essex along with his brother Sebbi from 664 to 683. ... Sebbi was the joint king of Essex from 664 to 683 along with his brother Sighere. ... Events September, Synod of Whitby Births Deaths Xuanzang, famous Chinese Buddhist monk. ... Events November 9 - Hispano-Visigothic king Egica accuses Jews of aiding Moslems, and sentences all Jews to slavery. ... Sebbi was the joint king of Essex from 664 to 683 along with his brother Sighere. ... Sighere was the joint king of the Kingdom of Essex along with his brother Sebbi from 664 to 683. ... Sigeheard was joint king of Essex along with his brother, Swaefred, from 694 to 709, succeeding their father Sebbi. ... Events November 9 - Hispano-Visigothic king Egica accuses Jews of aiding Moslems, and sentences all Jews to slavery. ... Events Saelred becomes king of Essex Ceolred becomes king of Mercia after his cousin Cenred abdicates to become a monk in Rome A storm separates the Channel Islands of Jethou and Herm Births Emperor Konin of Japan Deaths May 25 - Aldhelm, bishop and scholar Categories: 709 ... Sigeheard was joint king of Essex along with his brother, Swaefred, from 694 to 709, succeeding their father Sebbi. ... Swaefred was joint king of Essex along with his brother, Sigeheard, from 694 to 709, succeeding their father Sebbi. ... Events People of Byzantium revolt against Justinian II. Leontius II made emperor, Justinian II is banished. ... Events Saelred becomes king of Essex Ceolred becomes king of Mercia after his cousin Cenred abdicates to become a monk in Rome A storm separates the Channel Islands of Jethou and Herm Births Emperor Konin of Japan Deaths May 25 - Aldhelm, bishop and scholar Categories: 709 ... Swaefred was joint king of Essex along with his brother, Sigeheard, from 694 to 709, succeeding their father Sebbi. ... Sigeheard was joint king of Essex along with his brother, Swaefred, from 694 to 709, succeeding their father Sebbi. ... Events Saelred becomes king of Essex Ceolred becomes king of Mercia after his cousin Cenred abdicates to become a monk in Rome A storm separates the Channel Islands of Jethou and Herm Births Emperor Konin of Japan Deaths May 25 - Aldhelm, bishop and scholar Categories: 709 ... Offa was King of Essex until 709, when he abdicated in order that he may take up life in a monastery in Rome along with Cenred, King of Mercia. ... Events Saelred becomes king of Essex Ceolred becomes king of Mercia after his cousin Cenred abdicates to become a monk in Rome A storm separates the Channel Islands of Jethou and Herm Births Emperor Konin of Japan Deaths May 25 - Aldhelm, bishop and scholar Categories: 709 ... Events Swithred succeeds Saelred as king of Essex. ... Saelred of Essex (also known as Swebert and Selered) reigned as King of Essex from c. ... Swaefbert of Essex was King of Essex (715-738). ... Events August 11 - Germanus is translated from the bishopric of Cyzicus to the Patriarch of Constantinople Umayyad caliph al-Walid I ibn Abd al-Malik succeeded by Sulayman ibn Abd al-Malik End of the reign of Empress Gemmei of Japan, she is succeeded by Empress Gensho. ... Events Xukpi suffers a major defeat against Quirigua Saint Boniface visits Rome, and goes on to establish bishopries in Bavaria Births Deaths Categories: 738 ... Swaefbert of Essex was King of Essex (715-738). ... Saelred of Essex (also known as Swebert and Selered) reigned as King of Essex from c. ... Events Swithred succeeds Saelred as king of Essex. ... Events End of the reign of Empress Koken of Japan; she is succeeded by Emperor Junnin. ... Swithred of Essex was King of Essex (746-758). ... Events End of the reign of Empress Koken of Japan; she is succeeded by Emperor Junnin. ... Events Coenwulf of Mercia invades Kent, deposes and imprisons king Eadbert Praen and makes his own brother Cuthred king. ... Sigeric of Essex was a King of Essex, he reigned from 758 until he abdicated in 798. ... Events Coenwulf of Mercia invades Kent, deposes and imprisons king Eadbert Praen and makes his own brother Cuthred king. ... Events Births April 12 - Muhammad at-Taqi, Shia Imam (d. ... Sigered of Essex was the last king of Essex from 798 to 825. ... Events Births April 12 - Muhammad at-Taqi, Shia Imam (d. ... Events Egbert of Wessex defeats Beornwulf of Mercia at Ellandun. ... The general location of Mercia, along with the other peoples of Britain around the year 600. ... Events Egbert of Wessex defeats Beornwulf of Mercia at Ellandun. ... The general location of Mercia, along with the other peoples of Britain around the year 600. ... Egbert (also Ecgbehrt or Ecgbert) (c. ... Wessex was one of the seven major Anglo-Saxon kingdoms (the Heptarchy) that preceded the Kingdom of England. ... Egbert (also Ecgbehrt or Ecgbert) (c. ...

The Heptarchy
East Anglia | Essex | Kent | Mercia | Northumbria | Sussex | Wessex

A map showing the general locations of the Anglo-Saxon peoples around the year 600. ... Norfolk and Suffolk, the core area of East Anglia. ... The Kingdom of Kent was a kingdom of Jutes in southeast England, one of the seven traditional kingdoms of the so-called Anglo-Saxon heptarchy. ... The general location of Mercia, along with the other peoples of Britain around the year 600. ... Section from Shepherds map of the British Isles about 802 AD showing the kingdom of Northumbria Northumbria is primarily the name of a petty kingdom of Angles which was formed in Great Britain at the beginning of the 7th century, and of the much smaller earldom which succeeded the... The Kingdom of Sussex, (Suth Seaxe, i. ... Wessex was one of the seven major Anglo-Saxon kingdoms (the Heptarchy) that preceded the Kingdom of England. ...

Sources

  • Kings, Rulers and Statesmen, Clive Carpenter, Guinness Superlatives Ltd
  • Rulers and Governments of the World, Vol1, Earliest Times to 1491, Martha Ross

  Results from FactBites:
 
Kingdom Of Essex - LoveToKnow 1911 (773 words)
KINGDOM OF ESSEX, one of the kingdoms into which Anglo-Saxon Britain was divided, properly the land of the East Saxons.
The boundaries of Essex were in later times the rivers Stour and Thames, but the original limits of the kingdom are quite uncertain; towards the west it probably included most if not the whole of Hertfordshire, and in the 7th century the whole of Middlesex.
As the laws of Ine of Wessex speak of Erconwald as "my bishop," it is possible that the influence of Wessex for a short time prevailed in Essex; but a subsequent charter of Swefred is approved by Coenred of Mercia, and Offa, the son of Sigehere, accompanied the same king to Rome in 709.
999 Essex (457 words)
Essex is a county in the East of England.
It borders Greater London to the south west, Hertfordshire by the River Stort to the west, Cambridgeshire and Suffolk by the River Stour to the north and Kent by the River Thames to the south.
Essex is known for being the origin of the political term Essex man, and of the Essex girl joke.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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