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Encyclopedia > Kingdom of Chile
the Captaincy until 1776
the Captaincy between 1776 and 1818

The Kingdom of Chile or Realm of Chile (Spanish: Reino de Chile), also known as the General Captaincy of Chile (Capitanía General de Chile), was an administrative territory of the Spanish Empire from 1541 to 1818, the year in which it declared itself independent, becoming the Republic of Chile. It had a number of governors over its long history, and technically one king, from which it derived its unusual designation as a "kingdom." Image File history File links Location_Chile_Capitania. ... Image File history File links Location_Chile_Capitania. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Military flag of the Spanish Empire from the 16th century up to 1843. ... Events The first official translation of the entire Bible in Swedish February 12 - Pedro de Valdivia founds Santiago de Chile. ... 1818 (MDCCCXVIII) is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar. ... The Royal Governor of Chile ruled over the Spanish colonial administrative district known as the Reino de Chile. ... A monarch (see sovereignty) is a type of ruler or head of state. ...

In Old Spanish Reyno (compared to modern Reino) was more descriptive of a geographical unity rather than a political one. This can lead to confusion since politically there was not one Kingdom of Spain until the Bourbon instauration in 1700, but several kingdoms inside and outside the Iberian Peninsula. Spain was in that sense a reyno before becoming a reino. Each of these independent kingdoms was ruled in Spain as a personal union by the Spanish King, since the time of Charles I. Events January 1 - Russia accepts Julian calendar. ...

The Chilean kingdom (el Reyno de Chile) was a possession of the King of Castile (then a geographical entity more than a political one) as were all the other Spanish possessions in the New World. Naples or Sicily, on the other hand, were possessions of the King of Aragon, who happened to be the same person. There was no common administrative apparatus between different independent reinos, and each one was governed by the king, its own council, and its own laws. The day to day work was handled mostly by viceroys who represented the king's will, e.g., in Aragon, Sicily, Mexico or Peru. Frontispiece of Peter Martyr dAnghieras De orbe novo (On the New World). Carte dAmérique, Guillaume Delisle, 1722. ... A viceroy is a royal official who governs a country or province in the name of and as representative of the monarch. ...

Chile never reached the status of a viceroyalty (it was too small and too poor for that) but that of a captaincy general, dependent on the Peruvian Viceroyalty. Therefore, in English maybe it would be more appropriate to refer to colonial Chile as a realm under the rule of the Castilian (and later Spanish) King, rather than as a kingdom.


History of Chile series
Pre-colonial Chile
Spanish control
War of Independence (1810-1818)
Chilean Revolution of 1829
Conservative Republic (1831-1861)
Liberal Republic (1861-1891)
Chilean Civil War (1891)
Parliamentary Republic (1891-1925)
1925 coup d'état
Presidential Republic (1925-1973)
Chile under Allende
1973 coup d'état
Chile under Pinochet
Transition to democracy
Economic history
Cultural history
Military history

The district was designated a Captaincy General during the initial exploration and settlement of the area, because the local Amerindian peoples demonstated fierce resistance and thus a more autonomous, military-based governmental authority was needed. This was not an unusual arrangement for the Spanish colonizers. Map of Chile This is the history of Chile. ... the Captaincy until 1776 the Captaincy between 1776 and 1818 The Kingdom of Chile or Realm of Chile (Spanish: Reino de Chile), also known as the General Captaincy of Chile (Capitanía General de Chile), was an administrative territory of the Spanish Empire from 1541 to 1818, the year in... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The Chilean Revolution of 1829 was an armed conflict between conservative and liberal forces in Chile over the constitutional regime in force. ... The Chilean Civil War of 1891 was an armed conflict between forces supporting Congress and forces supporting the sitting President, José Manuel Balmaceda. ... Former National Congress in Santiago de Chile, seat of the parliamentary power. ... The Chilean coup détat of 1925 took place on January 23, 1925, when the Chilean military overthrew the September Junta. ... Chileans marching in support of Allende Salvador Allende was the president of Chile from 1970 until 1973, and head of the Popular Unity government; he was the first Marxist ever to be elected to the national presidency of a democracy. ... Prisoners outside the La Moneda Palace after their surrender during the coup (1973). ... General Augusto Pinochet was head of the military dictatorship that ruled Chile from 1973 to 1990. ... 2006 student protests. ... // In colonial times, the segmentation of Chile into latifundios left only small parcels for native American and mestizo villagers to cultivate. ... Captaincy General (from the Spanish Capitanía General) is a division of a viceroyalty in colonial Spanish-America and the Spanish-Philippines, established in areas under risk of foreign invasion or Indian attack. ...

In 1554, however, the future Philip II of Spain married Queen Mary I of England, when he was still just the heir to the Spanish throne. In order to bring him up to an equal rank with the Queen, he was named the "King of Chile" by his father, Holy Roman Emperor Charles V. Additionally he received the Kingdom of Naples, which came with a claim to the Kingdom of Jerusalem. Thus the marriage treaty could jointly style the couple as King and Queen, and would reflect not only Mary's but also Philip's dominions and claims: Events January 5 - Great fire in Eindhoven, Netherlands. ... Philip II (Spanish: Felipe II de Habsburgo; Portuguese: Filipe I) (May 21, 1527 – September 13, 1598) was the first official King of Spain from 1556 until 1598, King of Naples and Sicily from 1554 until 1598, King of England (as King-consort of Mary I) from 1554 to 1558, King... Mary I (18 February 1516 – 17 November 1558), also known as Mary Tudor, was Queen of England and Queen of Ireland from 6 July 1553 (de facto) or 19 July 1553 (de jure) until her death. ... The Holy Roman Emperor was, with some variation, the ruler of the Holy Roman Empire, the predecessor of modern Germany, during its existence from the 10th century until its collapse in 1806. ... Charles V (24 February 1500 – 21 September 1558) was ruler of the Burgundian Netherlands (1506-1555), King of Spain (1516-1556), King of Naples and Sicily (1516-1554), Archduke of Austria (1519-1521), King of the Romans (or German King), (1519-1556 but did not formally abdicate until 1558) and... The Kingdom of Naples was born out of the division of the Kingdom of Sicily after the Sicilian Vespers rebellion of 1282. ... Official language Latin, French, Italian, and other western languages; Greek and Arabic also widely spoken Capital Jerusalem, later Acre Constitution Various laws, so-called Assizes of Jerusalem The Kingdom of Jerusalem was a Christian kingdom established in the Levant in 1099 by the First Crusade. ...

Philip and Mary, by the grace of God, King and Queen of England, France, Naples, Jerusalem, Chile and Ireland, Defenders of the Faith, Princes of Spain and Sicily, Archdukes of Austria, Dukes of Milan, Burgundy and Brabant, Counts of Habsburg, Flanders and Tyrol

After Philip inherited the throne and became King of Spain in 1556, the Kingdom of Chile merged back into the Spanish crown, continuing its practical identity as a captaincy, but maintaining the honorific title of Kingdom. The Spanish monarchy, referred to as the Crown of Spain (Corona de España) in the Spanish Constitution of 1978, is the office of the King or Queen of Spain. ... Events January 16 - Abdication of Emperor Charles V. His son, Philip II becomes King of Spain, while his brother Ferdinand becomes Holy Roman Emperor January 23 - The Shaanxi earthquake, the deadliest earthquake in history, occurs with its epicenter in Shaanxi province, China. ...

Spanish America
Viceroyalties: New Spain · Peru · Nueva Granada · Río de la Plata
Real Audiencias: Mexico · Guadalajara · Guatemala · Manila · Santo Domingo
Lima · Cusco · Chile · Bogota · Panama · Caracas · Quito · Buenos Aires · Charcas
Captancies General: Philippines · Cuba · Yucatan · Guatemala · Venezuela · Chile · Puerto Rico



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