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Encyclopedia > Kingdom of Araucania and Patagonia
Kingdom of
Araucania and Patagonia
Flag


Flag Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Kingdom_of_Araucania_and_Patagonia. ...

Coat of arms


Coat of arms Image File history File links Araucania_coa. ...

Motto: Independencia y Libertad
(English: Independence and Liberty)
Anthem: None
Coat of arms
Type of entity: Micronation
Location: Southern Chile and Argentina
Area: tba
Membership: tba
Date of foundation: 1860
Leadership: Prince Felipe (1952- )
Purported organisational structure: Constitutional monarchy
Language: Mapuche and French
Purported currency: Peso

The Kingdom of Araucania and Patagonia (also called New France) was a self-proclaimed independent state or micronation founded by a French lawyer and adventurer named Orelie-Antoine de Tounens in southern South America in the mid 19th century. At the time the local indigenous Mapuche population were engaged in a desperate armed struggle to retain their independence in the face of hostile military and economic encroachment by the governments of Chile and Argentina, who coveted the Mapuche lands for their agricultural potential. This page lists state and national mottos for the worlds independent states and if applicable, their component states. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... A national anthem is a generally patriotic musical composition that is evoking and eulogizing the history, traditions and struggles of its people, recognized either by a nations government as the official national song, or by convention through use by the people. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (520x1004, 12 KB) Sumario es: Área reclamada por el Reino de la Araucanía y la Patagonia (en rojo) en: Reclamated area by Kingdom of Araucania and Patagonia (in red) Límites: Norte: Río Bío-Bío y R... 1860 is the leap year starting on Sunday. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Mapudungun (mapu means earth and dungun means to speak) (also Mapudungu, Araucano, Araukano, Mapuche, Araucanian) is a language isolate spoken in central Chile and west central Argentina by the Mapuche (mapu is earth and che means people) people. ... A state is a set of institutions that possess the authority to make the rules that govern a society, having internal and external sovereignty over a definite territory. ... The micronation of Sealand Micronations – sometimes also referred to as cybernations, fantasy countries, model countries, and new country projects – are entities that resemble independent nations or states, but which are unrecognized by them, and for the most part exist only on paper, on the Internet, or in the minds of... Orelie-Antoine I, would-be-King of Araucania and Patagonia. ... Mapuche (Mapudungun; Che, People + Mapu, of the Land) are the original Amerindian inhabitants of Central and Southern Chile and Southern Argentina. ...


History

Enlarge
Orelie-Antoine I, King of Araucania and Patagonia.

While visiting the region in 1860, Orelie-Antoine came to sympathise with the Mapuche cause, and a group of loncos (Mapuche tribal leaders) in turn elected him to the position of King — possibly in the belief that their cause might be better served with a European acting on their behalf. Orelie-Antoine then set about establishing a government, created a blue, white and green flag, and had coins minted for the nation under the name of Nouvelle France.


His efforts at securing international recognition for the Mapuche were thwarted by the Chilean and Argentinian governments, who captured, imprisoned and then deported him on several occasions. He did not receive further punishment because he was deemed to be insane by Chilean and Argentinian authorities. King Orelie-Antoine I eventually died penniless in France in 1878 after years of fruitless struggle to regain his perceived legitimate authority over his conquered kingdom.


The first Araucanian king's present-day successor, Prince Felipe, lives in France and has renounced his predecessor's claims to the Kingdom, but he has kept alive the memory of Orelie-Antoine, and lent continued support to the ongoing struggle for Mapuche self-determination by authorising the minting of forty or so coins in cupronickel, silver, gold and palladium since 1988. Cupronickel is an alloy of copper, nickel and strengthening impurities, such as iron and manganese. ... General Name, Symbol, Number silver, Ag, 47 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 11, 5, d Appearance lustrous white metal Atomic mass 107. ... General Name, Symbol, Number gold, Au, 79 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 11, 6, d Appearance metallic yellow Atomic mass 196. ... General Name, Symbol, Number palladium, Pd, 46 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 10, 5, d Appearance silvery white metallic Atomic mass 106. ...


Monarchs

1860 is the leap year starting on Sunday. ... 1878 (MDCCCLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... 1878 (MDCCCLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... 1902 (MCMII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... 1902 (MCMII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... 1903 (MCMIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Friday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ... 1903 (MCMIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Friday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ... 1916 (MCMXVI) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1916 (MCMXVI) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1952 (MCMLII) was a Leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1952 (MCMLII) was a Leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ...

See also

Orelie-Antoine I, King of Araucania and Patagonia. ... In orange the area most commonly defined as Patagonia. ...

External link

  • North American Aracaunian Royalist Society

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