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Encyclopedia > King of Poland

Poland was ruled by dukes (c.962–1025, 10321076, 10791295, 12961300 and 13061320) and kings (10251032, 10761079, 12951296, 13001305 and 13201795). The best-known dynasties are the Piast (c.962–1370) and Jagiellonian (13861572): intervening and subsequent monarchs were often rulers also of neighboring lands, or princes drawn from foreign dynasties. Polish kingship ended after the third Partition in 1795, and independence was restored on a republican basis in 1918.

Contents

Early Piast Dynasty

Term Incumbent Notes
Early Piast dynasty
Dynastia Piastów (9621138)
870 to 900 Siemowit
900 to 930 Lestko
930 to 960 Siemomysł
962 to 992 Mieszko I
992 to 1025 Boleslaus I the Brave King in 1025
1025 to 1034 Mieszko II Lambert King 10251031, duke 10321034
1039 to 1058 Casimir I the Restorer
1058 to 1079 Boleslaus II the Generous King 10761079, deposed
1079 to 1102 Vladislaus I Herman
1102 to 1107 Zbigniew and Boleslaus III Together
1107 to 1138 Boleslaus III the Wrymouth

Regional division
Rozbicie dzielnicowe (11381306)

Note: only rulers acknowledged as overlords (or high-dukes) of all Poland (usually those who inherited the "royal province of Cracow") are listed.

Piast unification

Term Incumbent Notes
Piast unification
(13061370)
1306 to 1333 Vladislaus I the Short until 1320, Duke Vladislaus IV, King of Poland 13201333
13331370 Casimir III the Great

Angevin dynasty

Term Incumbent Notes
Angevin dynasty (House of Capet-Anjou)
Dynastia Andegawenów (13701399)
1370 to 1382 Louis I of Hungary
1384 to 1399 Jadwiga of Poland ♀, since 1386 together with her husband Władysław Jagiełło

Jagiellonian Dynasty

Term Incumbent Notes
Jagiellonian Dynasty
Dynastia Jagiellonów (13861572)
1386 to 1434 Vladislaus II Jagiełło Until 1399 with his wife, Jadwiga of Poland
1434 to 1444 Vladislaus III of Varna Killed in the Battle of Varna in 1444, hence the nick-name
1447 to 1492 Casimir IV the Jagiellonian
1492 to 1501 John I Olbracht
1501 to 1506 Alexander the Jagiellonian
1506 to 1548 Sigismund I the Old
1548 to 1572 Sigismund II Augustus

Electoral kings

Term Incumbent Notes
de Valois Dynasty
Dynastia Walezych (15721573)
1572 to 1573 Henry II of Poland He abandoned the throne and fled to France where he was crowned as Henry III of France
House of Bįthory
(15761586)
1576 to 1586 Stephen Bathory
Vasa Dynasty
Dynastia Wazów (15871668)
1587 to 1632 Sigismund III Vasa
1632 to 1648 Vladislaus IV Vasa
1648 to 1668 Jan Kazimierz Vasa Abdicated and became a monk
Polish szlachta families
(16691696)
1669 to 1673 Michał Korybut Wiśniowiecki
1674 to 1696 John III Sobieski
Wettin Dynasty
Dynastia Wettinów (16971706 and 17091766)
1697 to 1706
1709 to 1733
Augustus II the Strong also Elector of Saxony as
Frederick Augustus I
1733 to 1763 August III Wettin
War of Polish Succession
(1733-1738)
1706 to 1709
1733 to 1736
Stanisław Leszczyński
Polish szlachta family
(17641795)
1764 to 1795 Stanisław August Poniatowski Abdicated

Duchy of Warsaw

Term Incumbent Notes
Duchy of Warsaw
Ksiestwo Warszawskie (18071815)
, dependent from France
1807 to 1815 Frederick Augustus I of Saxony Wettin dynasty

Congress Kingdom

Term Incumbent Notes
Kingdom of Poland
Królestwo Polskie (18151832)
, in personal union with Russia
1815 to 1825 Alexander I of Russia Romanov dynasty
1825 to 1831 Nicholas I of Russia dismissed by Polish parliament on January 25, 1831 during the November Uprising

Republic (since 1918)

See also

Royal coronations in Poland
Dukes of Silesia
Dukes of Mazovia
Dukes of Greater Poland
Dukes of Little Poland
Dukes of Cuiavia
Dukes of Leczyca
Dukes of Sieradz
List of szlachta
Guidelines for the spelling of names of Polish rulers

  Results from FactBites:
 
poland (4614 words)
King of Hungary (1342-82) and of Poland (1370-82).
(1566-1632), king of Poland (1587-1632) and, as Sigismund I, of Sweden (1592-99).
King of Poland (1587-1632) and king of Sweden (1592-1599; crowned 1594).
John III Sobieski, King of Poland - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (853 words)
Jan was born in 1629 at Olesko, Poland to Jakub (James) Sobieski (1580-1646), Voivod of Ruthenian Voivodship and Castellan of KrakĆ³w and Zofia Teofillia (Daniłowicz), granddaughter of Hetman Stanislaw Zolkiewski.
After a distinguished military career, and following the death of King Jan II Kazimierz's successor, Michael Korybut Wisniowiecki, John Sobieski was elected by the szlachta (nobility) as king of Poland on May 21, 1674 and was crowned on February 2, 1676.
King John III Sobieski, nicknamed by the Turks the "Lion of Lechistan", and the last great king of Poland, died in WilanĆ³w, Poland on June 17, 1696.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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