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Encyclopedia > King Zhuangxiang of Qin

King Zhuangxiang of Qin, personal name Zichu, was a ruler of the State of Qin, a part of what is now China, during the 3rd century BCE. This article is based on the biography of Lü Buwei which is part of the Records of the Grand Historian written by Sima Qian. The Qin empire in 210 BC, during the Qin Dynasty. ... (4th century BC - 3rd century BC - 2nd century BC - other centuries) (2nd millennium BC - 1st millennium BC - 1st millennium AD) Events The first two Punic Wars between Carthage and Rome over dominance in western Mediterranean Rome conquers Spain Great Wall of China begun Indian traders regularly visited Arabia Scythians occupy... Lü Buwei (呂不韋) - according to Chinese beliefs, he was the real father of the first emperor of China, Qin Shi Huang. ... The Records of the Grand Historian or the Records of the Grand Historian of China was the magnum opus of Sima Qian, in which he recounted Chinese history from the time of the mythical Yellow Emperor until his own time. ... Sima Qian (circa 145—90 BC) was a Prefect of the Grand Scribes (太史令) of the Han Dynasty. ...


History

In the 40th year of the reign of King Zhaoxiang (秦昭王, Qin Zhao Wang), the crown prince died, so two years later, King Zhaoxiang made his second son An Guo Jun (Xiao Wen Wang (孝文王 King Xiaowen of Qin)) the prince. An Guo Jun had a concubine he loved very much whom he made his official wife. She was given the title of Hua Yang Fu Ren (Madam Hua Yang). Madam Hua Yang had no children. An Guo Jun also had another concubine by the name of Xia Ju. Xia Ju had a son by the name of Zichu. As Xia Ju was not favored by An Guo Jun, her son Zichu was sent to the kingdom of Zhao as a hostage. Due to frequent war done on Zhao by Qin, Zichu was not treated well by the kingdom of Zhao. King Xiaowen of Qin (reigned 250 BC) is not noted for doing anything spectacular during his reign. ...


In the capital of Zhao - Handan, there lived a man by the name of Lu Buwei. Lü was an important businessman in that city. Seeing the sorry state of living Zichu, he felt pity and decided to take a risk in helping him as he felt that Zichu may become someone important in the future. Zhao (pinyin: zhào, Wade-Giles: Chao, simplified Chinese: 赵, traditional Chinese: 趙) is a common Chinese family name. ... Handan (Simplified Chinese: 邯郸; Traditional Chinese: 邯鄲; pinyin: ) is a prefecture-level city located in the southwestern part of Hebei Province of China. ... Lü Buwei (呂不韋) - according to Chinese beliefs, he was the real father of the first emperor of China, Qin Shi Huang. ...


Lü Buwei became an adviser and helper to Zichu giving him the idea of endearing himself to the childless Madam Hua Yang. He also generously gave money and riches to Zichu.


Lü Buwei also bribed Madam Hua Yang's sister into giving her the idea of cultivating Zichu as her son so that once the king was dead, she could make her adopted son the king and she would have a rosy future. Madam Hua Yang bought the idea and using her influence with the prince (An Guo Jun), made him promised to make Zichu the prince once he became the king and marking the promise down on a jade 'Fu' as evidence.


Lü Buwei had a very beautiful concubine who was also a great dancer. Once while drinking with Zichu, Zichu happened to see the woman and fell deeply in love with her. He asked Lü Buwei to give the concubine to him. Lü Buwei was angry about the request as he knew that she was pregnant with his child but as he was already on the greatest business risk he had ever taken, he decided to throw in everything and presented the concubine to Zichu.


Later the concubine who came to be known as Zhao Ju (as she was a citizen of Zhao) give birth to a son whom was named Zheng (later known as Qin Shi Huang) and Zhao Ju was made a wife of Zichu. Qin Shi Huang (秦始皇) (November or December 260 BC - September 10, 210 BC), personal name Zheng, was king of the Chinese State of Qin from 247 BC to 221 BC, and then the first emperor of a unified China from 221 BC to 210 BC, ruling under the name First...


In the 50th year of King Zhaoxiang of Qin, he sent an army to besiege Han Dan. The kingdom of Zhao was in grave danger and decided to kill Zichu. Zichu, with the help of Lü Buwei, bribed the officers in charge of guarding the city and managed to escape. The kingdom of Zhao then decide to kill Zichu's wife and son but as the woman was the daughter of a wealthy family, they managed to escape from being kill as well.


Six years later, King Zhaoxiang of Qin died and An Guo Jun became the new king of Qin, Madam Hua Yang became the empress and Zichu became the prince. In order to have a better relationship with Qin, the kingdom of Zhao sent Zichu's wife and son back to Qin.


The new king of Qin only stayed on the throne for a year before dying and was known as King Xiaowen of Qin. Zichu became the new king of Qin and was known as King Zhuangxiang of Qin. Madam Hua Yang became empress dowager Hua Yang (Hua Yang Tai Hou). Xia Ju became known as empress dowager Xia. Lü Buwei was made the prime minister and was known as Wen Xing Hou (Duke Wen Xing). He was given the lands of Luoyang to rule over. King Xiaowen of Qin (reigned 250 BC) is not noted for doing anything spectacular during his reign. ... Luoyang(洛阳) (Simplified Chinese: 洛阳; Traditional Chinese: 洛陽; pinyin: ) is a city in Henan province, China. ...


Zhuangxiang died after 3 years to the throne, prompting people to wonder if his and the previous king's death were the work of Lu Buwei, in a plot to put his son onto the throne. However, this is only supposition, and there is really no way of knowing if Buwei actually killed the two kings, or was Qin Shi Huang actually Buwei's son. Qin Shi Huang (秦始皇) (November or December 260 BC - September 10, 210 BC), personal name Zheng, was king of the Chinese State of Qin from 247 BC to 221 BC, and then the first emperor of a unified China from 221 BC to 210 BC, ruling under the name First...



Preceded by:
King Xiaowen
King of Qin
249 BC–247 BC
Succeeded by:
Shi Huangdi


King Xiaowen of Qin (reigned 250 BC) is not noted for doing anything spectacular during his reign. ... The Qin Dynasty (Wade-Giles) (秦朝 221 BC - 207 BC) was preceded by the Zhou Dynasty and followed by the Han Dynasty in China. ... Qin Shi Huang (秦始皇) (November or December 260 BC - September 10, 210 BC), personal name Zheng, was king of the Chinese State of Qin from 247 BC to 221 BC, and then the first emperor of a unified China from 221 BC to 210 BC, ruling under the name First...


  Results from FactBites:
 
King Zhuangxiang of Qin - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (804 words)
The new king of Qin only stayed on the throne for a year before dying and was known as King Xiaowen of Qin.
Zichu became the new king of Qin and was known as King Zhuangxiang of Qin.
Zhuangxiang died after 3 years to the throne, prompting people to wonder if his and the previous king's death were the work of Lu Buwei, in a plot to put his son onto the throne.
Qin Shi Huang - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (4905 words)
Qin Shi Huang ordered all the members of the former royal houses of the conquered states to move to Xianyang (咸陽), the capital of Qin, in modern day Shaanxi province, so they would be kept under tight surveillance for rebellious activities.
Qin Shi Huang continued military expansion during his reign, annexing regions to the south (what is now Guangdong province was penetrated by Chinese armies for the first time) and fighting nomadic tribes to the north and northwest.
He explained the ultimate weakness of Qin as a result of its ruler's ruthless pursuit of power, the precise factor which had made it so powerful; for as Confucius had taught, the strength of a government ultimately is based on the support of the people and virtuous conduct of the ruler.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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