FACTOID # 2: Puerto Rico has roughly the same gross state product as Montana, Wyoming and North Dakota combined.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > King Abdul Aziz Ibn Saud
عبدالعزيز آل سعود
`Abd al-`Azīz Āl Sa`ūd

House of Saud
`Abd al-`Azīz ibn Abd al-Rahman ibn Faisal ibn Turki ibn Abdallah ibn Muhammad ibn Saud Al Sa`ud
Offspring

and about thirty-five others The House of Saud ( translit: ) is the royal family of Saudi Arabia. ... Abdul Rahman bin Faisal (1850-1928) was the youngest son of Faisal bin Turki and father of King Abdul Aziz al-Saud, who founded the modern nation of Saudi Arabia. ... Faisal bin Turki bin Abdullah al-Saud (Arabic: فيصل بن تركي بن عبد الله آل سعود) (d. ... Turki ibn Abdullah (ترکی بن عبدللہ) was the founder of the Second Saudi State and ruled the area of Najd during the period from 1821-1834 following occupation by the Ottoman Empire. ... Abdallah ibn Muhammad ibn Saud was born in 1725, in Dariyyah, the youngest son of the Amir Muhammad ibn Saud ibn Muhammad who is regarded as the founder of the First Saudi State. ... Muhammad bin Saud (d. ... Saud bin Abdul Aziz (January 12, 1902 - February 23, 1969) was King of Saudi Arabia from 1953 to November 2, 1964. ... Faisal bin Abdelaziz Al Saud (1903 or 1906—March 25, 1975) (Arabic: فيصل بن عبدالعزيز آل سعود) was King of Saudi Arabia from 1964 to 1975. ... Khalid bin Abdul Aziz (Arabic: خالد بن عبد العزيز ; b. ... King Fahad bin Abdul Aziz al-Saud(koslis e amrika) (Arabic: ‎, b. ... Crown Prince Sultan bin Abdul Aziz al-Saud (Arabic: ) (born January 5, 1928 in Riyadh) is the Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia. ... Prince Nayef bin Abdul Aziz is one of the six surviving members of the Sudairi Seven, all sons of Ibn Saud and Hussa bint Ahmad Al Sudairi, making him one of the most powerful members of the ruling family of Saudi Arabia, the House of Saud. ... Prince Salman bin Abdul Aziz (Arabic: سلمان بن عبد العزيز ) is one of the Sudairi Seven, a son of Ibn Saud and Hussa bint Ahmad Al-Sudairi. ... Prince Ahmed bin Abdul Aziz is one of the Sudairi Seven, a son of Ibn Saud and Hussa bint Ahmad Al Sudairi. ... King Abdullah bin Abdul Aziz al-Saud (Arabic: عبد الله بن عبد العزيز آل سعود, born 1924) [1] is the King of Saudi Arabia. ... Talal bin Abdul Aziz al-Saud (Arabic: طلال بن عبد العزيز آل سعود ) (b. ... Muhammad bin Abdul Aziz al-Saud (1910 - 1988) (Arabic: محمد بن عبد العزيز ال سعود) was a member of the House of Saud and - as son to the Kingdoms founder, King Abdul Aziz Ibn Saud, a brother to all of Saudi Arabias recent kings. ... This article, image, template or category should belong in one or more categories. ...

`Abd al-`Azīz Āl Sa`ūd (November 26 (?), 1880 - November 9, 1953) (Arabic: عبدالعزيز آل سعود) was the first monarch of Saudi Arabia. He is also known by several abbreviated forms of this name, including simply Ibn Sa`ūd[1]. He was born in Riyadh into the House of Sa'ūd (commonly transliterated Saud), which had historically maintained dominion over the interior highlands of Arabia known as the Najd. Ibn Saud died in Taif. November 26 is the 330th day (331st on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1880 (MDCCCLXXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... November 9 is the 313th day of the year (314th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 52 days remaining. ... 1953 (MCMLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday. ... The Arabic language ( ), or simply Arabic ( ), is the largest member of the Semitic branch of the Afro-Asiatic language family (classification: South Central Semitic) and is closely related to Hebrew, Amharic and Aramaic. ... This is a list of kings of Saudi Arabia: King Abdul Aziz (Ibn Saud) (1902/1932-1953) King Saud, son of King Abdul Aziz (1953-1964) King Faisal, son of King Abdul Aziz (1964-1975) King Khalid, son of King Abdul Aziz (1975-1982) King Fahd, son of King Abdul... Riyadh (Arabic: ‎ ar-Riyāḍ) is the capital of the kingdom of Saudi Arabia, located in Ar Riyad Province in the Najd region. ... The House of Saud ( translit: ) is the royal family of Saudi Arabia. ... Najd or Nejd (Arabic: Naǧd) is a region in central Saudi Arabia and the location of the nations capital, Riyadh. ... Taif in 1970 Taif (Arabic: ‎ translit: ) is a city in the Mecca Province of Saudi Arabia at an elevation of 1700 metres on the slopes of the Al-Sarawat mountains. ...

Contents

Loss and reclamation of power

Abdul Aziz was born in Riyadh, Arabia. In 1890, at the age of fourteen, Saud followed his family into exile in Kuwait following the conquest of the family's lands by the Rashidi. He spent the remainder of his childhood in Kuwait. Abd al-Rahman had a stipend from the Turkish government of 60 Turkish pounds a month and Abdul Aziz went on several profitable raids in Nejd as he grew to adulthood. He attended the daily majlis of the emir of Kuwait, Mubarak al Sabah, from whom he learned much about the world. However, the family's home in Riyadh was of the simplest and cramped by five sons and at least one daughter. Riyadh (Arabic: ‎ ar-Riyāḍ) is the capital of the kingdom of Saudi Arabia, located in Ar Riyad Province in the Najd region. ... 1890 (MDCCCXC) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar). ... The Rashidi were a historic house of the Arabian Peninsula they were the most formidable enemies of the House of Saud. ...


In the Spring of 1901 Ibn Saud and some relatives, including a half-brother Mohammed,and several cousins, set out on a raiding expedition targeting for the most part tribes associated with the Rashidis. As booty was abundant, with many camels stolen, the raiding party grew to around 200 as tribesmen loyal to the Sauds joined the party. In the Fall, with Ramadan approaching, the group, reduced in number by defections, holed up in the Jabrin Oasis. It may have been only then that Ibn Sa'ud decided to attack Riyadh and regain his family's heritage. On the night of January 15–16,1902, together with a party of some sixty, including seven relatives and some slaves, he recaptured Riyadh with only twenty; the rest were guarding the camels in an isolated oasis. They had been told to escape if the venture failed. The Rashidi governor of the city, Ajlan, was killed as he fled the attack by Ibn Sa'ud in front of the fort gate. Ibn Sa'ūd was considered a "magnetic" leader, and following the capture of Riyadh many former supporters of the House of Saud once again rallied to its support Ramadan (in Arabic: رمضان, Ramadhan) – or Ramzan in several countries – is the ninth month of the Islamic (Hijri) calendar, established in the year 638. ... Riyadh (Arabic: ‎ ar-Riyāḍ) is the capital of the kingdom of Saudi Arabia, located in Ar Riyad Province in the Najd region. ... 1902 (MCMII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... The Rashidi were a historic house of the Arabian Peninsula they were the most formidable enemies of the House of Saud. ... The House of Saud ( translit: ) is the royal family of Saudi Arabia. ...


In the two years following his dramatic seizure of Riyadh, Ibn Sa'ūd recaptured almost half of Nejd from the Rashidi. In 1904, however, Ibn Rashid appealed to the Ottoman Empire for assistance in defeating the House of Sa'ūd. The Ottomans sent troops to Arabia, setting Ibn Sa'ūd on the defensive. The armies of the House of Saud suffered a major defeat on June 15, 1904, but his forces soon regrouped and returned to the offensive as the Turkish troops left the country due to supply problems. 1904 (MCMIV) was a leap year starting on a Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Rashidi (Arabic: آل رشيد) were a historic house of the Arabian Peninsula, the most formidable enemies of the House of Saud. ... Motto: دولت ابد مدت Devlet-i Ebed-müddet (The Eternal State) Anthem: Ottoman imperial anthem At the height of its power (1683) Capital Söğüt (1299-1326) Bursa (1326-1365) Edirne (1365-1453) Kostantiniyye (Istanbul) (1453-1922) Language(s) Ottoman Turkish Government Monarchy Sultans  - 1281–1326 Osman I  - 1918–1922 Mehmed VI... The House of Saud ( translit: ) is the royal family of Saudi Arabia. ... June 15 is the 166th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (167th in leap years), with 199 days remaining. ... 1904 (MCMIV) was a leap year starting on a Friday (link will take you to calendar). ...


Ibn Sa'ūd finally consolidated control over the Nejd in 1912 with the help of an organized and well-trained army. In that year he founded the Ikhwan, a militant religious organisation which was to assist in his later conquests. More broadly, he revived his dynasty's traditional alliance with Wahhabism. During World War I the British government attempted to cultivate favor with Ibn Sa'ūd, but generally favored his rival Sherif Hussein ibn Ali, leader of Hejaz, whom the Sa'ūds were almost constantly at war with. Despite this, the British entered into a treaty in December 1915 which made the lands of the House of Sa'ūd a British protectorate. In exchange, Ibn Sa'ūd pledged to again make war against Ibn Rashid, who was an ally of the Ottomans. 1912 (MCMXII) was a leap year starting on Monday in the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday in the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... The Muslim Brotherhood, also called Muslim Brethren (Arabic: جميعة الإخوان المسلمين jamiat al-Ikhwan al-muslimin, literally Society of Muslim Brothers; often only الإخوان المسلمون, Ikhwan ul Muslimoon (Muslim Brothers) or simply الإخوان Ikhwan (the Brothers) is an Islamist organization with a political approach to Islam. ... Wahhabism (Arabic: الوهابية, Wahabism, Wahabbism) is an Orthodox Islamic movement, named after Muhammad ibn Abd al Wahhab (1703–1792). ... Combatants Allied Powers: British Empire France Italy Russia United States Central Powers: Austria-Hungary Bulgaria Germany Ottoman Empire Commanders Ferdinand Foch Georges Clemenceau Victor Emmanuel III Luigi Cadorna Armando Diaz Nicholas II Aleksei Brusilov Herbert Henry Asquith Douglas Haig John Jellicoe Woodrow Wilson John Pershing Wilhelm II Paul von Hindenburg... The United Kingdom is a unitary state and a democratic constitutional monarchy. ... Hussein ibn Ali or Husayn ibn Ali (died 1931) was the Sherif of Mecca, and Emir of Mecca from 1908 until 1917, when he proclaimed himself king. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Western Province (Saudi Arabia). ... 1915 (MCMXV) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ...


Ibn Sa'ūd did not, however, immediately make war against Ibn Rashid, despite a steady supply of weapons and cash (£5,000 Sterling per month) from the British. He argued with the British that the payment he received was insufficient to adequately wage war against an enemy as powerful as Ibn Rashid. In 1920, however, the House of Sa'ūd finally marched again against the Rashidi, extinguishing their dominion in 1922. The defeat of the Rashidis doubled the territory of the House of Sa'ūd, and British subsidies continued until 1924. ISO 4217 Code GBP User(s) United Kingdom Inflation 2. ... The Rashidi (Arabic: آل رشيد) were a historic house of the Arabian Peninsula, the most formidable enemies of the House of Saud. ... 1920 (MCMXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar) // Events January January 3 - Babe Ruth is traded by the Boston Red Sox to the New York Yankees for $125,000, the largest sum ever paid for a player at that time. ... 1922 (MCMXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... 1924 (MCMXXIV) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ...


In 1925 the Sa'ūds captured the holy city of Mecca from Sherif Hussein ibn Ali ending 700 years of Hashemite tutelage of the Islamic holy places. On 10 January 1926 Ibn Saud was proclaimed King of the Hejaz in the Great Mosque at Mecca. 1925 (MCMXXV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ... Mecca IPA: or Makkah IPA: (in full: Makkah al-Mukarramah; Arabic: ‎, Turkish: Mekke) is the capital city of Saudi Arabias Makkah province, in the historic Hejaz region. ... Hussein bin Ali or Husayn ibn Ali (1852-1931) (حسین بن علی) was the Sharif of Mecca, and Emir of Mecca from 1908 until 1917, when he proclaimed himself king of Hejaz, which received international recognition. ... Hashemite (Arabic هاشمي) traditionally refers to those belonging to the Banu Hashim, or clan of Hashem, a clan within the larger Quraish tribe. ... January 10 is the 10th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1926 (MCMXXVI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Western Province (Saudi Arabia). ... Mecca IPA: or Makkah IPA: (in full: Makkah al-Mukarramah; Arabic: ‎, Turkish: Mekke) is the capital city of Saudi Arabias Makkah province, in the historic Hejaz region. ...


In 1927, following the defeat of Husayn, the British government recognized the power of the Saud family, led by Ibn Saud, over much of what is today Saudi Arabia. The Treaty of Jedda was signed on May 20. At this point he changed his title from Sultan of Nejd to King of Nejd. Initially the two parts of his dominians (Nejd in the east and Hejaz in the west) were administered generally. 1927 (MCMXXVII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... There have been two treaties known as the Treaty of Jedda, after the Saudi Arabian city Jeddah (also known as Jedda, Jiddah, etc. ... May 20 is the 140th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (141st in leap years). ...


From 1927 to 1932 Ibn Saud continued to consolidate power throughout the Arabian Peninsula. In March 1929 he defeated elements of the Ikhwan, which had disobeyed his orders to cease raiding and had invaded Iraq against his wishes, at the Battle of Sibilla. In 1932, having conquered most of the Peninsula, Saud renamed the area from the lands of Nejd and Hejaz to Saudi Arabia. He then proclaimed himself King of Saudi Arabia, with the support of the British government. 1927 (MCMXXVII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1932 (MCMXXXII) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link will take you to a full 1932 calendar). ... The Arabian Peninsula The Arabian Peninsula (in Arabic: شبه الجزيرة العربية, or جزيرة العرب) is a peninsula in Southwest Asia at the junction of Africa and Asia consisting mainly of desert. ... The Muslim Brotherhood, also called Muslim Brethren (Arabic: جميعة الإخوان المسلمين jamiat al-Ikhwan al-muslimin, literally Society of Muslim Brothers; often only الإخوان المسلمون, Ikhwan ul Muslimoon (Muslim Brothers) or simply الإخوان Ikhwan (the Brothers) is an Islamist organization with a political approach to Islam. ... Najd (Nejd) is a region in central Saudi Arabia and the location of the nations capital, Riyadh. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Western Province (Saudi Arabia). ... The United Kingdom is a unitary state and a democratic constitutional monarchy. ...


Oil and the rule of Ibn Saud

Ibn Saud converses with American President Franklin Roosevelt onboard a Navy ship after the Yalta Conference
Ibn Saud converses with American President Franklin Roosevelt onboard a Navy ship after the Yalta Conference

Oil was discovered in Saudi Arabia in 1938, and Ibn Saud through his advisor St. John Philby granted substantial authority over Saudi oil fields to American oil companies. In the early days of the oil boom most oil revenues received by the government of Saudi Arabia were immediately directed to the coffers of the royal family. As the income from oil grew, however, Ibn Saud began to spend some revenues on improving the lives of his subjects. Image File history File linksMetadata FDR_on_quincy. ... Image File history File linksMetadata FDR_on_quincy. ... Franklin Delano Roosevelt (January 30, 1882 – April 12, 1945), 32nd President of the United States (1933-1945), is best known for leading the U.S. through the Great Depression with his New Deal programs, building a powerful political coalition -- the New Deal Coalition -- that dominated American politics for decades, a... The United States Navy (USN) is the branch of the United States armed forces responsible for naval operations. ... The Yalta Conference, sometimes called the Crimea Conference and codenamed the Argonaut Conference, was the wartime meeting from February 4, 1945 to February 11, 1945 between the heads of government of the United States, the United Kingdom, and the Soviet Union — Franklin D. Roosevelt, Winston Churchill, and Joseph Stalin, respectively. ... Pumpjack pumping an oil well near Sarnia, Ontario Ignacy Łukasiewicz - inventor of the refining of kerosene from crude oil. ... 1938 (MCMXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... Harry St. ... Saudi Aramco (Saudi Arabian Oil Company) is one of the largest oil companies in the world, and the largest in terms of production (bpd). ...


Saud forced many nomadic tribes to settle down and abandon "petty wars" and vendettas. He also began to fight crime in Saudi Arabia, particularly crime against pilgrims visiting the holy cities of Mecca and Medina. For albums named Pilgrim, see Pilgrim (album). ... Mecca IPA: or Makkah IPA: (in full: Makkah al-Mukarramah; Arabic: ‎, Turkish: Mekke) is the capital city of Saudi Arabias Makkah province, in the historic Hejaz region. ... Medina (Arabic: ‎ or المدينة ; also transliterated into English as Madinah) is a city in the Hejaz region of western Saudi Arabia. ...


Foreign wars

Ibn Saud positioned Saudi Arabia as neutral in World War II, but was generally considered to favor the Allies. [citation needed] Combatants Major Allied powers: United Kingdom Soviet Union United States Republic of China and others Major Axis powers: Nazi Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Harry Truman Chiang Kai-Shek Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tojo Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead... Look up ally in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


In 1948 Saud participated in the Arab-Israeli war. The contribution of Saudi Arabia was generally considered token.[citation needed] 1948 (MCMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1948 calendar). ... Combatants  Israel Egypt Syria Transjordan  Lebanon Iraq Holy War Army Arab Liberation Army Commanders Yaakov Dori Yigael Yadin Glubb Pasha Abd al-Qadir al-Husayni† Hasan Salama Fawzi al-Qawuqji Strength 29,677 initially–108,300 by December 1948 Egypt: 10,000 initially rising to 20,000 Iraq: 5,000...


Family and succession

The number of children that Ibn Saud fathered are unknown, and estimates range from about 50 to over 1000. They include: (names of Kings in bold)

  1. By Wadhba bint Muhammad al-Hazzam
    1. Turki (1900-1919)
    2. Saud (January 12, 1902 - February 23, 1969); reigned 1953-1964
  2. By Tarfah bint Abdullah al-Shaikh Abdul-Wahab
    1. Khaled (born 1903, died in infancy)
    2. Faisal (April 1904 - March 25, 1975); reigned 1964-1975
    3. Anud (born 1917)
  3. By Jauhara bint Musa'd Al Saud
    1. Muhammad (1910-1985)
    2. Khaled (1913 - June 13, 1982); reigned 1975-1982
    3. Jauhara
  4. By Bazza (the first wife named Bazza)
    1. Nasser (born 1919-1990s)
  5. By Jauhara bint Sa'ad al-Sudairi
    1. Sa'd (1920 - 1990s)
    2. Musa'id (born 1923)
    3. Abdul Mohsin (1925-1985)
  6. By Hassa bint Ahmad al-Sudairi
    1. Sa'ad (born 1914, died 1919) (Ibn Saud married Hassa al-Sudairi twice. Fahd and his younger full siblings were the children of his second marriage to her. These are known as the "Sudairi Seven")
    2. Fahd (1923 - August 1, 2005); reigned 1982-2005
    3. Sultan (born January 5, 1928); current crown prince
    4. Abdul-Rahman (born 1931)
    5. Turki (born 1932)
    6. Naif (born 1934)
    7. Salman (born 1936)
    8. Ahmed (born 1940)
  7. By Shahida
    1. Mansur (1922 - May 2, 1951)
    2. Mishal (born 1926)
    3. Qumasha (born 1927)
    4. Mit'ab (born 1931)
  8. By Fahda bint Asi al-Shuraim
    1. Abdullah (born August 1924); current king, since 2005
    2. Nuf
    3. Sita
  9. By Bazza (the second wife named Bazza)
    1. Bandar (born 1923)
    2. Fawwaz (born 1934)
  10. By Haya bint Sa'ad al-Sudairy (1913 - April 18, 2003)
    1. Moosa (born 1923)
    2. Bilal (born 1924)
    3. Aamir (born 1925)
    4. Zakir (born 1926)
    5. Abdullah (born 1927)
    6. Shaifullah (born 1928)
    7. Imanullah (born 1929)
    8. Nura (died 1930)
    9. Saifullah (born 1931)
    10. Feroz (born 1932)
    11. Badr (born 1933)
    12. Hassa
    13. Hafiz (born 1934)
    14. Abdalillah (born 1935)
    15. Abdalmajid (born 1940)
    16. Mashael
  11. By Munaiyir
    1. Talal (born 1931)
    2. Badr (1931-1932)
    3. Mishari (1932 - May 23, 2000)
    4. Nawwaf (born 1933)
  12. By Mudhi
    1. Majed (October 19, 1938 - April 12, 2003)
    2. Sattam (born January 21, 1941)
  13. By Nouf bint al-Shalan
    1. Thamir (1937 - June 27, 1959)
    2. Mamduh (born 1940)
    3. Danish (born 1941)
    4. Mashhur (born 1942)
  14. By Saida al-Yamaniyah
    1. Iftikar born(1931)
    2. Saimullah (born 1932)
    3. Saifullah (born 1933)
    4. Zenobia (born 1934)
    5. Mumtaz (born 1935)
    6. Mariyamm (born 1936)
    7. Aslam (born 1937)
    8. Billal (born 1938)
    9. Gouri (born 1939)
    10. Inayat (born 1940)
    11. Hidhlul (born 1941)
  15. By Baraka al-Yamaniyah
    1. Muqran (born September 15, 1945)
  16. By Futayma
    1. Hamad (born 1947)
  17. By ??
    1. Fahd (1905-1919)
    2. Sara (1916 - June 2000)
    3. Shaikha (born 1922)
    4. Akbar (born 1923)
    5. Asif (born 1924)
    6. Shamina (born 1925)
    7. Talat Aziz (born 1926)
    8. Mahmud (born 1927)
    9. Shakeel (born 1928)
    10. Riyaz (born 1929)
    11. Talal (1930-1931)
    12. Abdalsalam (1941)
    13. Jiluwi (1942-1944)

All of these carry the surname "bin Abdul Aziz Al Saud" for men and "bint Abdul Aziz Al Saud" for women. Ibn Saud is the father of all the Kings of Saudi Arabia that have succeeded him. King Saud succeeded his father as regent of Saudi Arabia in 1953, three months after being appointed Prime Minister by his father. In 1964 King Saud was deposed by the Saudi Council of Ministers and succeeded by King Faisal, another of Ibn Saud's sons. Faisal was followed by three further sons, Khalid, Fahd and Abdullah. According to the Saudi Basic Law of 1992, the King of Saudi Arabia must be a son or grandson of Ibn Saud. Saud bin Abdul Aziz (January 12, 1902 - February 23, 1969) was King of Saudi Arabia from 1953 to November 2, 1964. ... January 12 is the 12th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... February 23 is the 54th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Faisal bin Abdelaziz Al Saud (1903 or 1906—March 25, 1975) (Arabic: فيصل بن عبدالعزيز آل سعود) was King of Saudi Arabia from 1964 to 1975. ... March 25 is the 84th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (85th in leap years). ... Muhammad bin Abdul Aziz al-Saud (1910 - 1985) (Arabic: محمد بن عبد العزيز ال سعود) was a member of the House of Saud and a brother to all of Saudi Arabias recent kings. ... Khalid bin Abdul Aziz (Arabic: خالد بن عبد العزيز ; b. ... June 13 is the 164th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (165th in leap years), with 201 days remaining. ... See also 1990s, the band Germans dancing on the Berlin Wall in late 1989, the symbol of the cold war divide falls down as the world unites in the 1990s. ... Musaid bin Abdul Aziz al-Saud (1923 - ) is a son of Ibn Saud, the founder of Saudi Arabia. ... The Al Sudairi Clan, better known as the Sudairi Seven (also spelled Sudeiri Seven, Sudayri Seven, and sometimes Sudairy Seven) are seven full brothers, all sons of Ibn Saud and Hussa bint Ahmad Al Sudairi, where the name comes from. ... King Fahad bin Abdul Aziz al-Saud(koslis e amrika) (Arabic: ‎, b. ... August 1 is the 213th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (214th in leap years), with 152 days remaining. ... Crown Prince Sultan bin Abdul Aziz al-Saud (Arabic: ) (born January 5, 1928 in Riyadh) is the Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia. ... January 5 is the 5th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Prince Nayef bin Abdul Aziz is one of the six surviving members of the Sudairi Seven, all sons of Ibn Saud and Hussa bint Ahmad Al Sudairi, making him one of the most powerful members of the ruling family of Saudi Arabia, the House of Saud. ... Prince Salman bin Abdul Aziz (Arabic: سلمان بن عبد العزيز ) is one of the Sudairi Seven, a son of Ibn Saud and Hussa bint Ahmad Al-Sudairi. ... Prince Ahmed bin Abdul Aziz is one of the Sudairi Seven, a son of Ibn Saud and Hussa bint Ahmad Al Sudairi. ... May 2 is the 122nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (123rd in leap years). ... King Abdullah bin Abdul Aziz al-Saud (Arabic: عبد الله بن عبد العزيز آل سعود, born 1924) [1] is the King of Saudi Arabia. ... April 18 is the 108th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (109th in leap years). ... Talal bin Abdul Aziz al-Saud (Arabic: طلال بن عبد العزيز آل سعود ) (b. ... May 23 is the 143rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (144th in leap years). ... October 19 is the 292nd day of the year (293rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... April 12 is the 102nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (103rd in leap years). ... January 21 is the 21st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... June 27 is the 178th day of the year (179th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 187 days remaining. ... September 15 is the 258th day of the year (259th in leap years). ... This is a list of kings of Saudi Arabia: King Abdul Aziz (Ibn Saud) (1902/1932-1953) King Saud, son of King Abdul Aziz (1953-1964) King Faisal, son of King Abdul Aziz (1964-1975) King Khalid, son of King Abdul Aziz (1975-1982) King Fahd, son of King Abdul... Saud bin Abdul Aziz (January 12, 1902 - February 23, 1969) was King of Saudi Arabia from 1953 to November 2, 1964. ... 1953 (MCMLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday. ... 1964 (MCMLXIV) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1964 calendar). ... Faisal bin Abdelaziz Al Saud (1903 or 1906—March 25, 1975) (Arabic: فيصل بن عبدالعزيز آل سعود) was King of Saudi Arabia from 1964 to 1975. ... Khalid bin Abdul Aziz (Arabic: خالد بن عبد العزيز ; b. ... King Fahad bin Abdul Aziz al-Saud(koslis e amrika) (Arabic: ‎, b. ... King Abdullah bin Abdul Aziz al-Saud (Arabic: عبد الله بن عبد العزيز آل سعود, born 1924) [1] is the King of Saudi Arabia. ... 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday. ...


References

  • DeGaury, Gerald. Faisal:King of Saudi Arabia 1967.
  • DeNovo, John A. American Interests and Policies in the Middle East 1900-1939 University of Minnesota Press, 1963.
  • Eddy, William A. FDR Meets Ibn Saud. New York: American Friends of the Middle East, Inc., 1954.
  • Iqbal, Dr. Sheikh Mohammad. Emergence of Saudi Arabia (A Political Study of King Abd al-Aziz ibn Saud 1901-1953). Srinagar, Kashmir: Saudiyah Publishers, 1977.
  • Long, David. Saudi Arabia Sage Publications, 1976.
  • Aaron David Miller; Search for Security: Saudi Arabian Oil and American Foreign Policy, 1939-1949 University of North Carolina Press. 1980.
  • Philby, H. St. J. B. Saudi Arabia 1955.
  • Rentz, George. "Wahhabism and Saudi Arabia". in Derek Hopwood, ed., The Arabian Peninsula: Society and Politics 1972.
  • Rihani, Ameen. Ibn Sa'oud of Arabia. Boston: Houghton-Mifflin Company, 1928.
  • Sanger, Richard H. The Arabian Peninsula Cornell University Press, 1954.
  • Benjamin Shwadran, The Middle East, Oil and the Great Powers, 3rd ed. (1973)
  • Troeller, Gary. The Birth of Saudi Arabia:Britain and the Rise of the House of Sa'ud. London: Frank Cass, 1976.
  • Twitchell, Karl S. Saudi Arabia Princeton University Press, 1958.
  • Van der D. Meulen; The Wells of Ibn Saud. London: John Murray, 1957.

Wasim-ul-Haq


Notes

  1. ^ "ibn Saud" or "bin Saud", meaning 'son of Saud', was a sort of title borne by previous heads of the House of Saud, similar to a Scottish clan chief's title of "the MacGregor" or "the MacDougall". When used without comment it refers solely to `Abd al-`Azīz. (See Robert Lacey, The Kingdom (NY, Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1981), p. 15)
Preceded by:
Ali bin Hussein
King of Hejaz
1926-1932
Succeeded by:
himself as King of Saudi Arabia
Preceded by:
himself as King of Hejaz
King of Saudi Arabia
1932-1953
Succeeded by:
Saud bin Abdul-Aziz
Preceded by:
Abdul Rahman bin Faisal Al Saud
Head of the House of Saud
1901-1953
Succeeded by:
Saud bin Abdul-Aziz

Clan map of Scotland Scottish clans give a sense of identity and shared descent to people in Scotland and to their relatives throughout the world, with a formal structure of Clan Chiefs officially registered with the court of the Lord Lyon, King of Arms which controls the heraldry and Coat... Ali bin Hussein (1879–1935) was King of Hejaz and Grand Sharif of Mecca from October 1924 until December 1925. ... The Kingdom of Hejaz (1916 to 1925) was a state in Hejaz region, ruled by the Hashemite family. ... This is a list of kings of Saudi Arabia: King Abdul Aziz (Ibn Saud) (1902/1932-1953) King Saud, son of King Abdul Aziz (1953-1964) King Faisal, son of King Abdul Aziz (1964-1975) King Khalid, son of King Abdul Aziz (1975-1982) King Fahd, son of King Abdul... Saud bin Abdul Aziz (January 12, 1902 - February 23, 1969) was King of Saudi Arabia from 1953 to November 2, 1964. ... Abdul Rahman bin Faisal (1850-1928) was the youngest son of Faisal bin Turki and father of King Abdul Aziz al-Saud, who founded the modern nation of Saudi Arabia. ... The House of Saud ( translit: ) is the royal family of Saudi Arabia. ... Saud bin Abdul Aziz (January 12, 1902 - February 23, 1969) was King of Saudi Arabia from 1953 to November 2, 1964. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Ibn Saud of Saudi Arabia - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1518 words)
Ibn Sa'ūd was born in Riyadh, Arabia, the son of Abd al-Rahman bin Faysal bin Turki Al Saud and Sara bint Ahmad al-Kabir Sudayri.
Ibn Saud is the father of all the Kings of Saudi Arabia that have succeeded him.
In 1964 King Saud was deposed by the Saudi Council of Ministers and succeeded by King Faisal, another of Ibn Saud's sons.
List of kings of Saudi Arabia - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (426 words)
King Abdul Aziz began conquering today's Saudi Arabia in 1902, by restoring his family as emirs of Riyadh.
Sons of Ibn Saud are considered to have primary claim on the Kingship of Saudi Arabia.
The King of Saudi Arabia is also considered the Head of the House of Saud.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m