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Encyclopedia > King (chess)
Chess
pieces
Image:Chess king icon.png King
Image:Chess queen icon.png Queen
Image:Chess rook icon.png Rook
Image:Chess bishop icon.png Bishop
Image:Chess knight icon.png Knight
Image:Chess pawn icon.png Pawn
Staunton chess pieces, left to right: pawn, rook, knight, bishop, queen, and king.
Staunton chess pieces, left to right: pawn, rook, knight, bishop, queen, and king.

The King is the most important (but not the most powerful) piece in the game of chess. The king represents the prize the opposition seeks to win. If a player's king is threatened and cannot escape capture, the king is said to be in checkmate, and the player which owns that king loses the game. In chess, each player has one of two equivalent sets of pieces of different colors. ... King (chess) icon extracted from Image:Cb start. ... Queen (chess) icon extracted from Image:Cb start. ... Queen. ... Rook (chess) icon extracted from Image:Cb start. ... The white rook may move to any square with an X. The black rook may move to any square marked with a dot or capture the white pawn. ... Bishop (chess) icon extracted from Image:Cb start. ... A bishop (♗♝) is a piece in the board game of chess. ... Knight (chess) icon extracted from Image:Cb start. ... The knight moves in an L shape. ... Pawn (chess) icon extracted from Image:Cb start. ... Initial placement of the pawns. ... Image File history File links JaquesCookStaunton. ... Image File history File links JaquesCookStaunton. ... Image File history File links Chess_tile_kd. ... In chess, each player has one of two equivalent sets of pieces of different colors. ... Tug of war is an easily organized, impromptu game that requires little equipment. ... Chess is an abstract strategy board game and mind sport for two players. ... Checkmate (frequently shortened to mate) is a situation in chess (and in other boardgames of the chaturanga family) in which one players king is under attack and there is no way to meet that threat; it is a check from which there is no escape. ...

Contents

Movement

In a conventional game of chess, White starts with the king in the middle-right of their first rank (between the queen and the king-side bishop). Black starts with the king directly across from the white king. In algebraic notation, the white king starts on e1 and the black king on e8. Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Queen. ... A bishop (♗♝) is a piece in the board game of chess. ... Algebraic chess notation is the method used today by all competition chess organizations and most books, magazines, and newspapers to record and describe the play of chess games. ...

Image:chess_zhor_26.png
Image:chess_zver_26.png
a8 b8 c8 d8 e8 f8 g8 h8
a7 b7 c7 d7 e7 f7 g7 h7
a6 b6 c6 d6 e6 f6 g6 h6
a5 b5 c5 d5 e5 f5 g5 h5
a4 b4 c4 d4 e4 f4 g4 h4
a3 b3 c3 d3 e3 f3 g3 h3
a2 b2 c2 d2 e2 f2 g2 h2
a1 b1 c1 d1 e1 f1 g1 h1
Image:chess_zver_26.png
Image:chess_zhor_26.png
Possible movements of the King piece when hindered by the borders or other pieces; note that the black king cannot move to the squares under attack by the white bishop.

A king can move one square in any direction (horizontally, vertically, or diagonally). The distance it can move is known as the Chebyshev distance. The exceptions to this rule are that it may not move onto a square that is threatened by an enemy piece, or one that is already occupied by another piece on its own side. As with most pieces, it captures by moving onto a square occupied by an enemy piece. Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... In a plane, the Chebyshev distance between the point P1 with coordinates (x1, y1) and the point P2 at (x2, y2) is This concept is named after Pafnuty Chebyshev. ...

Castling

Main article: Castling

In conjunction with a rook, the king may make a special move called castling. Castling consists of moving the king two squares towards either one of the original rooks, then moving the rook onto the square over which the king crossed. Castling is allowed only when neither the King nor castling rook have previously moved, when no squares between them are occupied, and when neither the square the King is moving from, to, nor across is under enemy control. Initial position of kings and rooks Black has castled kingside (O-O), and White has castled queenside (O-O-O) Castling is a special move in the game of chess involving the king and either of his original rooks. ... The white rook may move to any square with an X. The black rook may move to any square marked with a dot or capture the white pawn. ...


Check and checkmate

Main article: checkmate

If a player's move places the opponent's king under attack, that king is said to be in check, and the player in check is required to immediately remedy the situation. There are three possible methods to remove the king from check: Checkmate (frequently shortened to mate) is a situation in chess (and in other boardgames of the chaturanga family) in which one players king is under attack and there is no way to meet that threat; it is a check from which there is no escape. ... In games such as chess, shogi, and xiangqi, a check is an immediate threat to capture the king (or general in xiangqi). ...

  • Physically moving the king to an adjacent non-threatened square
  • Interposing a piece between the king in check and the attacking piece (in order to break the line of threat)
  • Capturing the attacking piece

If none of these three options are possible, the player's king has been checkmated and the player loses the game. Checkmate (frequently shortened to mate) is a situation in chess (and in other boardgames of the chaturanga family) in which one players king is under attack and there is no way to meet that threat; it is a check from which there is no escape. ...


Stalemate

Main article: Stalemate.

A stalemate occurs when, for the player with the move: Stalemate is a situation in chess where the player whose turn it is to move has no legal moves but is not in check. ...

  • The player has no legal moves, and
  • The player's king is not in check

If this happens, the king is said to have been stalemated and the game ends in a draw. A player who has very little or no chance of winning will often try to entice the opponent to inadvertently place the player's king in stalemate in order to avoid a loss. In chess, a draw is one of the possible outcomes of a game, the others being a win for white and a win for black. ...


Role in gameplay

A standard king piece and three pawns.
A standard king piece and three pawns.

In the opening and middlegame, the king will rarely play an active role in the development of an offensive or defensive position. Instead, a player will normally try to castle and seek safety on the edge of the board behind friendly pawns. In the endgame, however, the king emerges to play an active role as an offensive piece as well as assisting in the promotion of their remaining pawns. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (960x768, 187 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): King (chess) Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (960x768, 187 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): King (chess) Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to... A chess opening is the group of initial moves of a chess game (the opening moves). ... Castling is a special move in the game of chess involving the king and either rook. ... Initial placement of the pawns. ... In chess, the endgame (or end game or ending) refers to the stage of the game when there are few pieces left on the board. ... Promotion is a chess term describing the transformation of a pawn that reaches the eighth square into the players choice of a queen, knight, bishop, or rook. ...


It is difficult to assign a value to the king relative to the other pieces, as it cannot be captured or exchanged. In this sense, its value is infinite. But as an assessment of the king's capability as an offensive piece in the endgame, it is often considered to be slightly stronger than a bishop or knight — Emanuel Lasker gave it the value of a knight and a pawn (i.e. four points on the scale of chess piece point value) (Lasker 1934:73). Emanuel Lasker (December 24, 1868 – January 11, 1941) was a German chess player and mathematician, born at Berlinchen in Brandenburg (now Barlinek in Poland). ... In chess, the chess pieces are often assigned certain point values that help determine how valuable a piece is strategically. ...


See also

In chess, each player has one of two equivalent sets of pieces of different colors. ... In graph theory, a kings graph is a graph that represents all legal moves of the king piece on a chessboard where each vertex represents a square on a chessboard and each edge is a legal move. ... // Definition Diagram 1. ...

References

  •   Lasker, Emanuel (1934). Lasker's Chess Primer. Billings (1988 reprint). ISBN 0-7134-6241-8.

External links

  • Piececlopedia: King by Hans L. Bodlaender and Fergus Duniho.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Chess - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (3302 words)
Chess is sometimes seen as an abstract wargame; as a "mental martial art", and teaching chess has been advocated as a way of enhancing mental prowess.
Chess openings are a sequence of moves, often memorized, which will help a player build up their position and prepare for the middlegame.
The fl knight on e6 is pinned to its king by the white bishop and the white knight is pinned to the queen on b1.
Chess - Simple English Wikipedia (1330 words)
It is placed on the fourth square in the first row in front of the white player, to the left of the king, and on the fifth square in the first row in front of the fl player, to the right of the king.
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This is when a king moves two spaces towards a rook, and the rook moves to the square on the other side of the king.
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