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Encyclopedia > King's Cross railway station

Coordinates: 51°31′55.74″N, 00°07′24.05″W Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

Image:KingsCross.gif London King's Cross
King's Cross
Location
Place Kings Cross
Local authority Camden
Operations
Managed by Network Rail
Platforms in use 11
Annual entry/exit
20.805 million *
Transport for London
Zone 1
History
Key dates Opened 1852
Transport for London
List of London stations: Underground | National Rail
* based on sales of tickets in 2004/05 financial year which end or originate at this station. Disclaimer (PDF)
BR Portal

King's Cross station (often spelt Kings Cross on platform signs) is a railway station in the district of the same name in northeast central London. It is located in the London Borough of Camden and is the southern terminus of the East Coast Main Line. It is immediately adjacent to the Midland Main Line terminus, St. Pancras station. Image File history File links KingsCross. ... Image File history File links Kings Cross Station Exterior. ... See also Kings Cross for disambiguation Kings Cross is an inner-city district in the London Borough of Camden 1. ... The London Borough of Camden is an inner-London borough created in 1965 to replace the metropolitan boroughs of Hampstead, Holborn, St Pancras. ... Network Rails logo Network Rail is a British not for dividend company limited by guarantee that owns the fixed assets of that part of the British railway system that formerly belonged to British Rail, the now-defunct UK state-owned railway operator. ... Travelcard Zone 1 is the central zone of Transport for Londons zonal system used for calculating co-ordinated inter-modal Travelcard fares within London. ... Transport for London (TfL) is a local government body responsible for the transport system throughout the City of London and Greater London in England. ... The southbound platform at Angel. ... This is a list of mainline railway stations in London, excluding London Underground and Docklands Light Railway. ... Image File history File links Portal. ... Passengers bustle around the typical grand edifice of Londons Broad Street station in 1865. ... Kings Cross is an place in the London Borough of Camden. ... London (pronounced ) is the capital city of England and the United Kingdom. ... The London Borough of Camden is an inner-London borough created in 1965 to replace the metropolitan boroughs of Hampstead, Holborn, St Pancras. ... The East Coast Main Line viaduct at Durham. ... This article is about the Midland Main Line railway route. ... St Pancras station is a railway station in north central London, England, between the new British Library building to its west and Kings Cross station to its east. ...

Contents

Location and environs

West of King's Cross are, in succession, St. Pancras, the new British Library building, and Euston station, all within a few minutes' walk. The present King's Cross Thameslink station is 5 minutes' walk to the east. St Pancras station is a railway station in north central London, England, between the new British Library building to its west and Kings Cross station to its east. ... British Library Ossulston St entrance, with distinctive red logo. ... Euston station, also known as London Euston, is a major railway station to the north of central London and in the London Borough of Camden. ... Kings Cross Thameslink station is a railway station in central London, which serves the Thameslink franchise. ...


The new London terminus of the Channel Tunnel Rail Link will be within a re-constructed St Pancras. Eurostar trains are due to arrive there in 2007 with the completion of Stage Two of the Channel Tunnel Rail Link project. A Eurostar train on the CTRL, near Ashford Model showing the current redevelopment of the Kings Cross area with the new extension to the barrel-vaulted St Pancras Station on the left. ... Eurostar is a train service that connects London (Waterloo station) with Paris (Gare du Nord), Lille and Brussels (Gare du Midi). ... A Eurostar train on the CTRL, near Ashford Model showing the current redevelopment of the Kings Cross area with the new extension to the barrel-vaulted St Pancras Station on the left. ...


Considerable regeneration effort has gone into the area in recent years, with the opening of new hotels and office space under construction.


Services

The station is served by routes from the north and east of the UK, including Cambridge, Peterborough, Hull, Doncaster, York, Leeds, Darlington, Durham, Newcastle, Edinburgh, Aberdeen and Inverness. King's Cross also incorporates the King's Cross St. Pancras Underground station, a major interchange station on the Underground network. Shown within Cambridgeshire Geography Status: City (1951) Region: East of England Admin. ... The City of Peterborough is a cathedral city and Unitary Authority in the East of England, United Kingdom. ... Hull or Kingston upon Hull is a British city situated on the north bank of the Humber estuary. ... Statistics Population: 67,977 (2001 Census for Doncaster urban sub-area [1]) Ordnance Survey OS grid reference: SE5702 Administration District: Doncaster Metropolitan county: South Yorkshire Region: Yorkshire and the Humber Constituent country: England Sovereign state: United Kingdom Other Ceremonial county: South Yorkshire Historic county: Yorkshire (West Riding) Services Police force... York is a city in Northern England, at the confluence of the Rivers Ouse and Foss. ... Statistics Population: 443,247 Ordnance Survey OS grid reference: SE297338 Administration Metropolitan borough: City of Leeds Metropolitan county: West Yorkshire Region: Yorkshire and the Humber Constituent country: England Sovereign state: United Kingdom Other Ceremonial county: West Yorkshire Historic county: Yorkshire (West Riding) Services Police force: West Yorkshire Police Ambulance service... Statistics Population: 98,000 Ordnance Survey OS grid reference: NZ289147 Administration District: Darlington Region: North East England Constituent country: England Sovereign state: United Kingdom Other Ceremonial county: County Durham Historic county: County Durham Services Police force: Durham Constabulary Ambulance service: North East Post office and telephone Post town: DARLINGTON Postal... Statistics Population: 42,939 (2001) Ordnance Survey OS grid reference: NZ274424 Administration District: City of Durham Shire county: Durham Region: North East England Constituent country: England Sovereign state: United Kingdom Other Ceremonial county: Durham Historic county: Durham Services Police force: County Durham Ambulance service: North East Post office and telephone... This article is about a city in the United Kingdom. ... Edinburgh (pronounced ; Dùn Èideann () in Scottish Gaelic) is the capital of Scotland and its second-largest city. ... For other uses, see Aberdeen (disambiguation). ... Inverness (Inbhir Nis in Scottish Gaelic) is the only city in the Highland council area and the Highlands of Scotland. ... Kings Cross St Pancras tube station is the London Underground station serving both Kings Cross and St Pancras main line stations in the London Borough of Camden. ... The nickname the Tube comes from the circular tube-like tunnels through which the small-profile trains travel. ...


Three train companies run services into the (overground) station:

GNER inter-city services on the East Coast Main Line
First Capital Connect services to Cambridge and King's Lynn, local services to North London, Hertfordshire, Bedfordshire, Peterborough and Cambridgeshire
Hull Trains   inter-city services to Hull via the East Coast Main Line

A new company, Grand Central, plans to operate services on the ECML from King's Cross to Sunderland via Hartlepool from December 2006. GNER White Rose train at Kings Cross railway station Great North Eastern Railways (GNER) is a British train operating company (TOC) owned by Sea Containers Ltd. ... First Capital Connect is a train operating company in England that began its passenger operations on the National Rail network at 02:00 BST 1 April 2006. ... Shown within Cambridgeshire Geography Status: City (1951) Region: East of England Admin. ... Kings Lynn is a town and port in the English county of Norfolk. ... North London is that part of London which is north of the River Thames. ... Hertfordshire (pronounced Hartfordshire and abbreviated as Herts) is an inland county in the United Kingdom and part of the East of England Government Office region. ... Bedfordshire is a county in England and forms part of the East of England region. ... The City of Peterborough is a cathedral city and Unitary Authority in the East of England, United Kingdom. ... Cambridgeshire (abbreviated Cambs) is a county in England, bordering Lincolnshire to the north, Norfolk to the northeast, Suffolk to the east, Essex and Hertfordshire to the south, and Bedfordshire and Northamptonshire to the west. ... Hull Trains is a train operating company in the United Kingdom, running up to six long distance services each day between London Kings Cross and Hull, calling at Grantham, Retford, Doncaster, Selby, Howden and Brough. ... Hull or Kingston upon Hull is a British city situated on the north bank of the Humber estuary. ... The Grand Central Railway Company Ltd (Grand Central) is an open-access railway company that plans to run trains from Sunderland and Hartlepool to London from 2007. ... Statistics Population: 177,739 Ordnance Survey OS grid reference: NZ395575 Administration District: City of Sunderland Metropolitan county: Tyne and Wear Region: North East England Constituent country: England Sovereign state: United Kingdom Other Ceremonial county: Tyne and Wear Historic county: County Durham Services Police force: Northumbria Ambulance service: North East Post... Hartlepool (pronounced HART-le-pool) is a town and North Sea port in North East England. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


History

King's Cross was originally designed and built as the London hub of the Great Northern Railway and terminus of the East Coast Main Line. It was designed by Lewis Cubitt and constructed in two years from 1851 to 1852, on the site of a former fever and smallpox hospital. The main part of the station, which today includes platforms 1 to 8, was opened on 14 October 1852. It replaced a temporary terminus at Maiden Lane that had opened on 8 August 1850. The Great Northern Railway (GNR) was a British railway company, founded by the London & York Railway Act of 1846. ... Lewis Cubitt was born on 29 September 1799 and died on 9 June 1883. ... October 14 is the 287th day of the year (288th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1852 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... There were two Maiden Lane railway stations in close proximity, in the borough of Islington in north London, England. ... August 8 is the 220th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (221st in leap years), with 145 days remaining. ... 1850 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ...


The platforms have been reconfigured several times; originally there was only one arrival and one departure platform (today's platforms 1 and 8 respectively), with the space between used for carriage sidings. In later years as suburban traffic grew, space for additional platforms was added with considerably less grandeur; the secondary building now containing platforms 9-11 survives from that era. Since privatisation, express services into the station have been run by Great North Eastern Railway (GNER). The contract was renewed in 2005. GNER operates along the East Coast Main Line from London Kings Cross to Northern Scotland. ...

Three GNER InterCity 225s lined up at King's Cross in January 2006.

According to legend, King's Cross is built on the site of Boudica's final battle, or else her body is buried under one of the platforms there. Platforms 8, 9, and 10 have been suggested as possible sites. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2816x2112, 2226 KB) Summary Three Class 91s at the country end of London Kings Cross station. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2816x2112, 2226 KB) Summary Three Class 91s at the country end of London Kings Cross station. ... Class 91/1, no. ... Statue of Boudica near Westminster Pier Boudica (also Boudicca, Boadicea, Buduica, Bonduca) (d. ...


The King's Cross fire of 1987, in which 31 people died, was at the adjacent King's Cross St. Pancras Underground station. A major redevelopment of this Underground station (partly influenced by the report issued after the fire) is currently in process. Phase One was completed in 2006; Phase Two is expected to be complete by 2011. Emergency services at Kings Cross Aftermath inside Kings Cross St. ... Kings Cross St Pancras tube station is the London Underground station serving both Kings Cross and St Pancras main line stations in the London Borough of Camden. ...


The original "King's Cross" was a monument to King George IV. George IV (George Augustus Frederick) (12 August 1762 – 26 June 1830) was king of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and Hanover from 29 January 1820 until his death. ...


In 1972, a one-storey extension designed inhouse by British Rail was constructed in front of the station. While the extension was intended to be temporary, more than thirty years later it still stands. Many consider the extension unattractive, not the least because it obscures the Grade I-listed facade of the original station. Prior to the construction of the extension the station facade had already become hidden behind a small terrace of shops. This extension is scheduled to be demolished, revealing once again the full glory of the Lewis Cubitt architecture, when a new ticket hall and concourse area is built on the station's western side. Logo of British Rail British Railways (BR), later rebranded as British Rail, ran the British railway system from the nationalisation of the Big Four British railway companies in 1948 until its privatisation in stages between 1994 and 1997. ... Lewis Cubitt was born on 29 September 1799 and died on 9 June 1883. ...


On 10th September 1973, a bomb exploded in the booking hall injuring six people. It was thrown into the hall by a youth.


On 26th June 2006 the station was evacuated and for two days mainline train services were diverted away from the station due to a major fire in an adjacent building Guardian Unlimited: Fire disrupts King's Cross rail passengers.


In days gone by, Kings Cross (well, part of it) was actually an intermediate station. On the extreme east of the site was the Kings Cross York Road platform, suburban trains called at Finsbury Park, then this platform, then went underground using the York Road curve to join the Widened Lines to Farringdon, Barbican and Moorgate. The Widened Lines, also known as the City Widened Lines, is the name of a group of railway routes within Central London. ...


In the other direction, trains from Moorgate came off the Widened Lines via the Hotel Curve, with platform 16 rising to the main line level. The Widened Lines, also known as the City Widened Lines, is the name of a group of railway routes within Central London. ...


Restoration

This 1852 illustration shows King's Cross without the concourse extension, which is currently scheduled to be removed.
This 1852 illustration shows King's Cross without the concourse extension, which is currently scheduled to be removed.

In 2005, a £400m restoration plan was announced by Network Rail, though it has yet to be approved by the London Borough of Camden [citation needed]. Planned is a thorough restoration of the arched roof of the station and the demolition of the 1972 addition, to be replaced by an open-air piazza. A semi-circular concourse (estimated completion date 2009) is planned for the space directly to the west of the station behind the Great Northern Hotel that will be partially demolished. It will complement the neighbouring St Pancras Station, and replace the current 1972 concourse, shopping area, and ECML ticket office. The new western concourse will provide improved access to Underground services and direct link to Thameslink. The land between the domestic main lines leading from the two stations will be redeveloped with nearly 2,000 new homes, 486,280 m² of offices, and new roads as King's Cross Central [citation needed]. Image File history File linksMetadata Kings_Cross_ILN_1852. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Kings_Cross_ILN_1852. ... Network Rails logo Network Rail is a British not for dividend company limited by guarantee that owns the fixed assets of that part of the British railway system that formerly belonged to British Rail, the now-defunct UK state-owned railway operator. ... The London Borough of Camden is an inner-London borough created in 1965 to replace the metropolitan boroughs of Hampstead, Holborn, St Pancras. ... The Gothic Revival facade and clock tower of the disused Midland Hotel are the most visible part of St Pancras station. ... The Thameslink route is operated with a fleet of 72 dual-voltage Class 319 electric multiple units. ... Kings Cross Central (KXC) extends to approximately 25 Hectares. ...


King's Cross in fiction

Harry Potter

The Platform 9¾ sign occasionally causes congestion as tourists and Harry Potter fans stop to photograph it or try to push the rest of the luggage trolley through the wall.
The Platform 9¾ sign occasionally causes congestion as tourists and Harry Potter fans stop to photograph it or try to push the rest of the luggage trolley through the wall.

King's Cross features in the Harry Potter books, by J. K. Rowling, as the starting point of the Hogwarts Express. The train uses a secret platform 9¾ located by passing through the barrier between platforms 9 and 10. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (921x697, 238 KB)Platform 9¾ at Kings Cross Station, showing a luggage trolley disappearing through the brickwork. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (921x697, 238 KB)Platform 9¾ at Kings Cross Station, showing a luggage trolley disappearing through the brickwork. ... The Harry Potter books are an extremely popular series of fantasy novels by British writer J. K. Rowling. ... Joanne “Jo” Rowling, OBE (born July 31, 1965[1]) is an English fiction writer who writes under the pen name J. K. Rowling. ... Rubeus Hagrid meets the Hogwarts Express at Hogsmeade station in the film adaptation of Harry Potter and the Philosophers Stone. ... Rubeus Hagrid meets the Hogwarts Express at Hogsmeade station in the film adaptation of Harry Potter and the Philosophers Stone. ...


Unfortunately, platforms 9 and 10 are in a separate building from the main station; also, rather than being adjacent so that a barrier could be between them, they are separated by two intervening tracks. Rowling intended the location to be in the main part of the station, but misremembered the platform numbering. During an interview in 2001, she indicated that she had confused King's Cross with Euston. In fact platforms 9 and 10 at Euston are also separated by two intervening tracks, so either she had yet another station in mind or else she simply did not consider or did not remember the physical arrangement of consecutively numbered platforms there. Euston station, also known as London Euston, is a major railway station to the north of central London and in the London Borough of Camden. ...


When the books were filmed, the station scenes took place within the main station, with platforms 4 and 5 renumbered 9 and 10. In the Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets film, the exterior of the adjacent St. Pancras railway station was used, as its Gothic façade was considered more impressive than the real King's Cross. Within King's Cross, a cast-iron "Platform 9¾" sign has been erected on a wall of the station's suburban building containing the real platforms 9 and 10. Part of a luggage trolley has also been installed below the sign; whilst the near end is visible, the rest of the trolley seems to have disappeared into the wall. The Gothic Revival facade and clock tower of the disused Midland Hotel are the most visible part of St Pancras station. ... See also Gothic art. ...


Other fiction

  • In children's television programmes featuring the puppet Roland Rat, Roland is said to live in the sewers beneath King's Cross. In Roland Rat: The Series this was realised as the high-tech "Ratcave", accessed from a hidden lift in a workman's shelter.
  • The twelfth and final episode of the anime Victorian Romance Emma prominently features King's Cross Station in 1885 with great historical accuracy and detail.
  • Some of Arthur Conan Doyle's Sherlock Holmes stories have the great detective and Dr. Watson travelling by way of King's Cross. The following example is from The Adventure of the Missing Three-Quarter, Watson speaking first:

"And what have you gained?"
"A starting-point for our investigation." He hailed a cab. "King's Cross Station," said he.
"We have a journey, then?"
"Yes; I think we must run down to Cambridge together. All the indications seem to me to point in that direction." Doctor Who is a long-running British science fiction television programme produced by the BBC about a mysterious time-travelling adventurer known as The Doctor, who explores time and space with his companions, fighting evil. ... The Virgin New Adventures (often referred to simply as NAs within fandom) were a series of novels from Virgin Publishing based on the British science-fiction television series Doctor Who, which had been cancelled in 1989, continuing the story of the series from where the television programme had left off. ... Transit is an original novel written by Ben Aaronovitch and based on the long-running British science fiction television series Doctor Who. ... Roland Rat (also Roland Rat Superstar) is a British television puppet character. ... The main cast of the anime Cowboy Bebop (1998) (L to R: Spike Spiegel, Jet Black, Ed Tivrusky, Faye Valentine, and Ein the dog) Anime ) (IPA pronunciation: in Japanese, but typically or in English) is an abbreviation of the word animation. Outside Japan, the term most popularly refers to animation... Emma (エマ, Ema) is a Japanese seinen manga by Kaoru Mori. ... Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, DL (22 May 1859 – 7 July 1930) was a Scottish author most noted for his stories about the detective Sherlock Holmes, which are generally considered a major innovation in the field of crime fiction, and the adventures of Professor Challenger. ... Sherlock Holmes as imagined by the seminal Holmesian artist, Sidney Paget, in The Strand magazine. ... The Adventure of the Missing Three-Quarter, one of the 56 Sherlock Holmes short stories written by British author Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, is one of 13 stories in the cycle collected as The Return of Sherlock Holmes. ...

  • There is an underground station called King's Cross on the North London System in the novel The Horn of Mortal Danger (1980). It corresponds to this station rather than the Tube one.

1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Ealing Studios, a TV and film production company and facilities provider at Ealing Green in West London, claims to be the oldest film studio in the world. ... The Ladykillers is a 1955 British film. ... The Horn of Mortal Danger is a 1980 novel by British musician Lawrence Leonard. ... 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday. ...

Spelling

This sign includes an apostrophe

The station name, King's Cross is seen spelt both with and without an apostrophe: Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 1097 KB) Photo of a sign at Kings Cross railway station. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 1097 KB) Photo of a sign at Kings Cross railway station. ... An apostrophe ( ’ ) is a punctuation and sometimes diacritic mark in languages written in the Latin alphabet. ... An apostrophe ( ’ ) is a punctuation and sometimes diacritic mark in languages written in the Latin alphabet. ...

  • King's Cross is the signage used in the Network Rail and London Underground stations and on the tube map.
  • The official Network Rail webpage uses the "King's Cross" spelling [1].
  • However, Kings Cross is used in the National Rail timetable database, as well as on other National Rail railway pages. This is likely to be due to apostrophes causing problems with internet databases.
  • Kings X or London KX are abbreviations seen in space-limited contexts.

Network Rails logo Network Rail is a British not for dividend company limited by guarantee that owns the fixed assets of that part of the British railway system that formerly belonged to British Rail, the now-defunct UK state-owned railway operator. ... The nickname the Tube comes from the circular tube-like tunnels through which the small-profile trains travel. ... Tube map is the commonly used name for the schematic diagram that represents the lines, stations, and zones of Londons rapid transit rail system, the London Underground. ... National Rail uses the BR double-arrow logo National Rail is a brand name of the Association of Train Operating Companies (ATOC). ...

External links

Preceding station National Rail Following station
Terminus   First Capital Connect   Finsbury Park
Terminus   GNER
East Coast Main Line
  Stevenage
Terminus   Hull Trains   Grantham
Terminus   Grand Central
(London-Sunderland)
Not yet Operational
  York
  Fictional railways  
Terminus   Hogwarts Express   Hogsmeade
Railway stations of London
Central area | Greater London
Managed by Network Rail: Cannon StreetCharing CrossEustonFenchurch StreetKing's CrossLiverpool StreetLondon BridgePaddingtonVictoriaWaterloo
Managed by train operator: BlackfriarsMaryleboneMoorgateSt Pancras

 
 

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