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Encyclopedia > Kim Stanley Robinson
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Kim Stanley Robinson at the 63rd World Science Fiction Convention in Glasgow, August 2005
Kim Stanley Robinson at the 63rd World Science Fiction Convention in Glasgow, August 2005

Kim Stanley Robinson (born March 23, 1952) is an American science fiction writer, probably best known for his award-winning Mars trilogy. Image File history File links Unbalanced_scales. ... Kim Stanley photo taken by Carl Van Vechten, 1961 Kim Stanley (February 11, 1925 – August 20, 2001) was an American actress. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (946x1077, 431 KB) en: Kim Stanley Robinson at Worldcon 2005 in Glasgow, August 2005. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (946x1077, 431 KB) en: Kim Stanley Robinson at Worldcon 2005 in Glasgow, August 2005. ... The Clyde Auditorium with the main SECC building behind it The 63rd World Science Fiction Convention (Worldcon) was Interaction, which was held in Glasgow, Scotland 4-8 August, 2005. ... “Glaswegian” redirects here. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... March 23 is the 82nd day of the year (83rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1952 (MCMLII) was a Leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Science fiction is a form of speculative fiction principally dealing with the impact of imagined science and technology, or both, upon society and persons as individuals. ... A writer is anyone who creates a written work, although the word more usually designates those who write creatively or professionally, or those who have written in many different forms. ... The Mars trilogy is a series of award-winning science fiction novels by Kim Stanley Robinson, chronicling the settlement and terraforming of the planet Mars. ...


His work delves into ecological and sociological themes regularly, and many of his novels appear to be the direct result of his own scientific fascinations, such as the 15 years of research and lifelong fascination with Mars which culminated in his most famous work. He has, due to his fascination with Mars, become a member of the Mars Society. Ecology is the branch of science that studies the distribution and abundance of living organisms, and the interactions between organisms and their environment. ... Sociology is the study of the social lives of humans, groups and societies. ... Adjectives: Martian Atmosphere Surface pressure: 0. ... Mars Society logo. ...


Robinson's work has been labeled by critics as "literary science fiction".[1]

Contents

Biography

Kim Stanley Robinson was born in Waukegan, Illinois but grew up in Southern California. In 1974 he received a B.A. in literature (University of California, San Diego). In 1975 he gained a M.A. in English from Boston University. He received a Ph.D. in English from the University of California, San Diego in 1982. His doctoral thesis, The Novels of Philip K. Dick, was published in 1984. Waukegan is a city in Lake County, Illinois, of which it is the county seat. ... A bachelors degree is usually an undergraduate academic degree awarded for a course or major that generally lasts for three, four, or in some cases and countries, five or six years. ... The University of California, San Diego (popularly known as UCSD, or sometimes UC San Diego) is a public, coeducational research university located in La Jolla, a seaside resort community of San Diego, California. ... “M.S.” redirects here. ... For similarly-named academic institutions, see Boston (disambiguation). ... Doctor of Philosophy, abbreviated Ph. ... The University of California, San Diego (popularly known as UCSD, or sometimes UC San Diego) is a public, coeducational research university located in La Jolla, a seaside resort community of San Diego, California. ... Year 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday (link displays the 1982 Gregorian calendar). ... Philip Kindred Dick (December 16, 1928 – March 2, 1982) was an American writer, mostly known for his works of science fiction. ... Year 1984 (MCMLXXXIV) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link displays the 1984 Gregorian calendar). ...


Robinson is an enthusiastic mountain climber, and this has clearly had a strong influence over several of his works, most notably Antarctica, Mars trilogy, "Green Mars" (a short story found in The Martians) and Forty Signs of Rain. The Mars trilogy is a series of award-winning science fiction novels by Kim Stanley Robinson, chronicling the settlement and terraforming of the planet Mars. ... The Mars trilogy is a series of award-winning science fiction novels by Kim Stanley Robinson, chronicling the settlement and terraforming of the planet Mars. ... Forty Signs of Rain (2004) is the first book in a new trilogy by Kim Stanley Robinson. ...


In 1982 he married Lisa Howland Nowell, an environmental chemist. They have two sons. Robinson has lived in California, Washington, D.C., and Switzerland (during the 1980s). He now lives in Davis, California. Year 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday (link displays the 1982 Gregorian calendar). ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... Nickname: Motto: Justitia Omnibus (Justice for All) Location of Washington, D.C., in relation to the states Maryland and Virginia Coordinates: , Country United States Federal District District of Columbia Government  - Mayor Adrian M. Fenty (D)  - City Council Chairperson: Vincent C. Gray (D) Ward 1: Jim Graham (D) Ward 2: Jack... Davis is a city in Yolo County, California, United States. ...


Important works

Three Californias

Covers of the Three Californias series

This trilogy is also referred to as the Orange County trilogy, and is the first of Robinson's important works. The component books are titled The Wild Shore (1984), The Gold Coast (1988) and Pacific Edge (1990). It is not a trilogy in the traditional sense; rather than telling a single story, the books present three very different yet equally possible future worlds. All three are set in California in the near future. Image File history File linksMetadata Thcalifs. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Thcalifs. ... The Three Californias Trilogy consists of three books by Kim Stanley Robinson, that depict three different possible futures of Orange County, California (also known as Orange County Trilogy). ...


The Wild Shore portrays a California struggling to return to civilization after having been crippled, along with the rest of America, by a nuclear war. The Gold Coast portrays an over industrialized California increasingly obsessed with and dependent on technology and torn apart by the struggles between arms manufacturers and terrorists, while Pacific Edge presents a California in which ecologically sane, manageable practices have become the norm and the scars of the past are slowly being healed.


Though they initially appear unconnected, the three books actually work together to present a unified statement. The first shows humanity crippled by a lack of technology, the second humanity swamped and almost completely dehumanized by too much technology (along with the attendant environmental damage) and the third a workable, livable compromise between the two. Although the third is, in effect, a Utopian novel, there is still conflict, sadness, and tragedy. The stories all contain a common character, whose circumstances serve to put the three alternatives in perspective. Utopian fiction is the creation of an ideal world as the setting for a novel. ...


The Mars trilogy

Covers of the Mars series
Main article: Mars trilogy

This trilogy is Robinson's most well known work. It is an extended work of hard science fiction dealing with the first settlement of Mars by a group of scientists and engineers. Its three volumes are Red Mars, Green Mars, and Blue Mars, the titles of which mark the changes which the planet undergoes over the course of the story. The tale begins with the first colonists leaving Earth for Mars in 2027, and covers the next 200 years of future history. By the conclusion of the story Mars is heavily populated and terraformed, with a flourishing and complex political and social dimension. Image File history File linksMetadata Rgbmars. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Rgbmars. ... The Mars trilogy is a series of award-winning science fiction novels by Kim Stanley Robinson, chronicling the settlement and terraforming of the planet Mars. ... Hard science fiction is a category of science fiction characterized by an emphasis on scientific or technical detail, or on scientific accuracy, or on both. ... Adjectives: Martian Atmosphere Surface pressure: 0. ... A future history is a postulated history of the future that some science fiction authors construct as a common background for fiction. ...


Many threads of different characters' lives are woven together in the Mars Trilogy. The reader may come to sympathize with one particular character as a protagonist, only to have the story line switch focus so that another character who the reader was beginning to perceive as antagonistic is then presented in a protagonistic manner. Science, sociology and politics are all covered in great detail, evolving realistically over the course of the narrative. Robinson's fascination with science and technology is clear, though he balances this with a strong streak of humanity. Robinson's personal interests, including ecological sustainability, sexual dimorphism and the scientific method come through strongly. His passion for mountain climbing also shows through clearly. Sustainability is an attempt to provide the best outcomes for the human and natural environments both now and into the indefinite future. ... Female (left) and male Common Pheasant, illustrating the dramatic difference in both color and size between the sexes Sexual dimorphism is the systematic difference in form between individuals of different sex in the same species. ... Scientific method is a body of techniques for investigating phenomena and acquiring new knowledge, as well as for correcting and integrating previous knowledge. ...


The Martians

Billed as a companion piece, The Martians (1999) is a collection of short stories involving many of the same characters and settings introduced in the "Mars Trilogy". Some stories occur before, during, after, or instead of, the events of the trilogy; some expanding on existing characters and others introducing new ones. It also includes the Constitution of Mars and poetry written 'in character' by a citizen of Mars.


Antarctica

Main article: Antarctica (novel)

Antarctica (1997) follows very heavily in the footsteps of the Mars trilogy, and covers much of the same ground despite the differences in setting. It is set on the icy continent of the title, much closer to the present day, but evokes many of the same themes, dealing as it does with scientists in an isolated environment, the effect which this has on their personalities and interactions. It even evokes the same sense of beauty and wonder at a bleak, hostile environment. Antarctica (1997) is a novel written by Kim Stanley Robinson. ...


As with all of Robinson's later work, ecological sustainability is a major theme in Antarctica. Much of the action is catalysed by the recent expiration of the Antarctic Treaty and the threat of invasion and despoiling of the near-pristine environment by corporate interests. The Antarctic Treaty and related agreements, collectively called the Antarctic Treaty System or ATS, regulate international relations with respect to Antarctica, Earths only uninhabited continent. ...


The Years of Rice and Salt

The Years of Rice and Salt is an epic work of alternate history dealing with a world in which the Black Plague wiped out 99% of the European population, (instead of the actual 30%), leaving the world free for Asian expansion. It covers ten generations of history, focusing on the successive reincarnations of the same few characters as they pass through varying genders, social classes and (in one notable example) species. The Years of Rice and Salt (2002, ISBN 0553580078) is an alternate history novel written by science fiction author Kim Stanley Robinson, a thought experiment about a world without Christianity. ... Alternate history (fiction) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... This article concerns the epidemic of the mid-14th century. ...


The Years of Rice and Salt features Muslim, Chinese and Hindu culture and philosophy. Not only because of the long time scale, but because of its realistic-utopian elements, and the frequent reflections about human nature The Years of Rice and Salt resembles the Mars books, brought to Earth. This article is about Earth as a planet. ...


Science in the Capital series

Covers of the Science in the Capital series

The "Science in the Capital" series encompasses three novels: Forty Signs of Rain (2004), Fifty Degrees Below (2005), and Sixty Days and Counting (2007). Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Forty Signs of Rain (2004) is the first book in a new trilogy by Kim Stanley Robinson. ... shelby was here 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Fifty Degrees Below (2005) is the second book in the hard science fiction Science in the Capital trilogy by Kim Stanley Robinson. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Sixty Days and Counting (2007) is the third book in the hard science fiction Science in the Capital trilogy by Kim Stanley Robinson. ...


This series explores the consequences of global warming, both on a global level, and as it affects the main characters: several employees of the National Science Foundation and those close to them. A recurring theme of Robinson's that returns in this series is that of Buddhist philosophy, which is represented in the series by the agency of ambassadors from Khembalung, a fictional Buddhist micro-state located on an offshore island in the Ganges delta. Their state is threatened by rising sea levels, and the reaction of the Khembalis is compared to that of the Washingtonians. Global mean surface temperatures 1850 to 2006 Mean surface temperature anomalies during the period 1995 to 2004 with respect to the average temperatures from 1940 to 1980 Global warming is the observed increase in the average temperature of the Earths atmosphere and oceans in recent decades and the projected... The logo of the National Science Foundation The National Science Foundation (NSF) is an independent United States government agency that supports fundamental research and education in all the non-medical fields of science and engineering. ... This article needs additional references or sources to facilitate its verification. ... “Ganga” redirects here. ...


Other novels

  • Icehenge (1984) tells the story of the discovery of a monument in the style of Stonehenge found carved from ice on Pluto, and the subsequent investigation into its origin. The setting of this novel bears strong resemblances to that of the Mars trilogy, albeit with darker, more dystopian undertones.
  • The Memory of Whiteness (1985) deals with a fantastic, unique musical instrument, and the trials faced by its newest master as he tours the solar system. The solar system it describes seems to contain the beginnings of many of the ideas later put to use in the mars trilogy, although it is set centuries later.
  • A Short, Sharp Shock (1990) one of Robinson's few fantasy stories, dealing with an amnesiac man travelling through a mysterious land in pursuit of a woman who features in his first memories.
  • The Galileans (forthcoming, 2009)[1]

Icehenge (1985) is a science-fiction novel by Kim Stanley Robinson. ... Year 1984 (MCMLXXXIV) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link displays the 1984 Gregorian calendar). ... For other uses, see Stonehenge (disambiguation). ... A dystopia (from the Greek δυσ- and τόπος, alternatively, cacotopia[1], kakotopia or anti-utopia) is a fictional society that is the antithesis of utopia. ... The Memory of Whiteness is a science fiction novel written by Kim Stanley Robinson in 1985. ... Year 1985 (MCMLXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link displays 1985 Gregorian calendar). ... A Short, Sharp Shock is a novel written by Kim Stanley Robinson and published in 1990. ... Year 1990 (MCMXC) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 1990 Gregorian calendar). ... 2009 (MMIX) will be a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Short stories

His first short stories began appearing in 1976. Most are collected in The Planet on the Table (1986), Remaking History (1991) and Vinland the Dream (2001). Four longer, humorous stories featuring American expatriates in Nepal are collected in Escape from Kathmandu (1989). The Martians (1999) (discussed above) further explores the world of The Mars Trilogy. Year 1976 (MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the 1976 Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link displays 1986 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the 1991 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Escape from Kathmandu by Kim Stanley Robinson is a 1989 collection of fictional novellas about a group of American expatriates in Nepal. ... Year 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays 1989 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1999 Gregorian calendar). ...


Complete list:

  • "A History of the Twentieth Century, with Illustrations" (in: Vinland the Dream, originally published in Isaac Asimov's Science Fiction Magazine, 1991, revised for Remaking History),
  • "A Martian Childhood",
  • "A Martian Romance" (in: The Martians),
  • "A Sensitive Dependence on Initial Conditions" (in: Vinland the Dream),
  • "A Short, Sharp Shock",
  • "A Transect",
  • "An Argument for the Deployment of All Safe Terraforming Technologies" (in: The Martians),
  • "Arthur Sternbach Brings the Curveball to Mars" (in: The Martians),
  • "Before I Wake",
  • "Big Man in Love" (in: The Martians),
  • "Black Air" (in: Vinland the Dream, originally published in The Magazine of Fantasy and Science Fiction, 1983),
  • "Coming Back to Dixieland" (in: Vinland the Dream, originally published in Orbit, 18),
  • "Coyote Makes Trouble" (in: The Martians),
  • "Coyote Remembers" (in: The Martians),
  • "Discovering Life" (in: Vinland the Dream and in: The Martians),
  • "Down and Out in the Year 2000",
  • "Enough is as Good as a Feast" (in: The Martians),
  • "Escape from Kathmandu" (in: Escape from Kathmandu),
  • "Exploring Fossil Canyon" (in: The Martians),
  • "Festival Night",
  • "Four Teleological Trails" (in: The Martians),
  • "Glacier",
  • "Green Mars" (in: The Martians),
  • "If Wang Wei Lived on Mars and Other Poems" (in: The Martians),
  • "Jackie on Zo" (in: The Martians),
  • "Keeping the Flame" (in: The Martians),
  • "Maya and Desmond" (in: The Martians),
  • "Mercurial" (in: Vinland the Dream, originally published in Universe, 15),
  • "Michel in Antarctica" (in: The Martians),
  • "Michel in Provence" (in: The Martians),
  • "Mother Goddess of the World" (in: Escape from Kathmandu),
  • "Muir on Shasta" (in: Vinland the Dream),
  • "Odessa" (in: The Martians),
  • "On the North Pole of Pluto",
  • "Our Town",
  • "Purple Mars" (in: The Martians),
  • "Remaking History" (in: Remaking History and Vinland the Dream, originally published in Gregory Benford/Martin H. Greenberg What Might Have Been),
  • "Ridge Running" (in: Vinland the Dream, originally published in The Magazine of Fantasy and Science Fiction, 1984),
  • "Salt and Fresh" (in: The Martians),
  • "Saving Noctis Dam" (in: The Martians),
  • "Sax Moments" (in: The Martians),
  • "Selected Abstracts from The Journal of Aerological Studies" (in: The Martians),
  • "Sexual Dimorphism" (in: The Martians),
  • "Some Worknotes and Commentary on the Constitution, by Charlotte Dorsa Brevia" (in: The Martians),
  • "Stone Eggs" (in: Vinland the Dream, originally published in Universe, 13),
  • "The Archaeae Plot" (in: The Martians),
  • "The Blind Geometer",
  • "The Constitution of Mars" (in: The Martians),
  • "The Disguise" (in: Vinland the Dream, originally published in Orbit, 19),
  • "The Kingdom Underground" (in: Escape from Kathmandu),
  • "The Lucky Strike" (in: Vinland the Dream, originally published in Universe, 14),
  • "The Lunatics",
  • "The Memorial",
  • "The Part of Us That Loves",
  • "The Return from Rainbow Bridge",
  • "The Translator",
  • "The True Nature of Shangri-La" (in: Escape from Kathmandu),
  • "The Way the Land Spoke to Us" (in: The Martians),
  • "To Leave a Mark",
  • "Venice Drowned" (in: Vinland the Dream, originally published in Universe, 11),
  • "Vinland the Dream" (in: Vinland the Dream, originally published in Remaking History),
  • "What Matters" (in: The Martians),
  • "Whose 'Failure of Scholarship'?",
  • "Z├╝rich".

Asimovs Science Fiction is a science fiction magazine, first published in 1977 as Isaac Asimovs Science Fiction Magazine or IASFM for short. ... F&SF April 1971, special Poul Anderson issue. ... F&SF April 1971, special Poul Anderson issue. ...

Non-fiction

Robinson's doctoral thesis was on The Novels of Philip K Dick (1984). A hardcover version was published by UMI Research Press. Philip Kindred Dick (December 16, 1928 – March 2, 1982), often known by his initials PKD, or by the pen name Richard Phillips, was an American science fiction writer and novelist who changed the genre profoundly. ... Year 1984 (MCMLXXXIV) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link displays the 1984 Gregorian calendar). ...


Robinson also edited, and wrote the introduction, to the anthology Future Primitive: The New Ecotopias (1994). Future Primitive - The New Ecotopias, Tor Books, 1994, edited by Kim Stanley Robinson, republishes notable short works of utopian fiction and dystopian fiction, incorporating elements of primitivism and of eco-anarchism. ...


Major themes

Ecological sustainability

Virtually all of Robinson's novels have an ecological component; it is undoubtedly his primary theme. The Orange County Trilogy is about the way in which the technological intersects with the natural, highlighting the importance of keeping the two in balance. In the Mars Trilogy, one of the principal divisions among the population of Mars is based upon dissenting views on terraforming; It is heavily debated whether or not the seemingly barren Martian landscape has a similar ecological or spiritual value to a living ecosphere like Earth's. Forty Signs of Rain is entirely ecologically themed, taking as it does global warming for its principal theme. Artists conception of a terraformed Mars in four stages of development. ... Forty Signs of Rain (2004) is the first book in a new trilogy by Kim Stanley Robinson. ... Global mean surface temperatures 1850 to 2006 Mean surface temperature anomalies during the period 1995 to 2004 with respect to the average temperatures from 1940 to 1980 Global warming is the observed increase in the average temperature of the Earths atmosphere and oceans in recent decades and the projected...


Economic and social justice

Robinson's work often explores alternatives to modern capitalist society. In the Mars Trilogy, it is argued that capitalism is an outgrowth of feudalism which could be replaced in the future by a more democratic economic system. Worker-ownership and cooperatives figure prominently in Green Mars and Blue Mars as a replacement for traditional corporations. The Orange County Trilogy explores similar arrangements; Pacific Edge includes the idea of attacking the legal framework behind corporate domination to promote social egalitarianism. Capitalism generally refers to an economic system in which the means of production are privately[1] owned and operated for profit, and in which investments, distribution, income, production and pricing of goods and services are determined through the operation of a free market. ... A cooperative (also co-operative or co-op) comprises a legal entity owned and democratically controlled by its members, with no passive shareholders. ... A corporation (usually known in the United Kingdom and Ireland as a company) is a legal entity (distinct from a natural person) that often has similar rights in law to those of a Civil law systems may refer to corporations as moral persons; they may also go by the name...


The environmental and economic/social themes in Robinson's books stand in marked contrast to the Libertarian streak prevalent in much of science fiction (Robert A. Heinlein, Poul Anderson, Larry Niven, and Jerry Pournelle being prominent examples), and his work has been called "the most successful attempt to reach a mass audience with an anti-capitalist utopian vision since Ursula K. Le Guin's 1974 novel, The Dispossessed."[2] In this sense, Robinson could be said to work within the paradigm of Green politics. See also Libertarianism and Libertarian Party Libertarian,is a term for person who has made a conscious and principled commitment, evidenced by a statement or Pledge, to forswear violating others rights and usually living in voluntary communities: thus in law no longer subject to government supervision. ... Libertarian science fiction is a sub-genre of science fiction that focuses on the politics and social order implied by libertarian philosophies with an emphasis on individualism and a limited state-- and in some cases, no state whatsoever: (see: Anarcho-capitalist literature) As a category, libertarian science fiction is unusual... Robert Anson Heinlein (July 7, 1907 – May 8, 1988) was one of the most popular, influential, and controversial authors of hard science fiction. ... Poul William Anderson (November 25, 1926–July 31, 2001) was an American science fiction author of the genres Golden Age. ... Laurence van Cott Niven (born April 30, 1938 Los Angeles, California) is a US science fiction author. ... Jerry Pournelle at the 2006 Stanford Singularity Summit Jerry Eugene Pournelle, Ph. ... Ursula Kroeber Le Guin [] (born October 21, 1929) is an American author. ... 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... The Dispossessed: An Ambiguous Utopia is a 1974 utopian science fiction novel by Ursula K. Le Guin, set in the same fictional universe as that of The Left Hand of Darkness (the Ekumen universe). ... Green politics or Green ideology is the ideology of the Green Parties, mainly informed by environmentalism, ecosophy and sustainable economics and aimed at developing a sustainable society. ...


Scientists as citizens

Robinson's work often features scientists as heroes. They are portrayed in a mundane way compared to most work featuring scientists; rather than being adventurers or action heroes, Robinson's scientists become critically important because of research discoveries, networking and collaboration with other scientists, political lobbying, or becoming public figures. The Mars Trilogy and The Years of Rice and Salt rely heavily on the idea that scientists must take responsibility for ensuring public understanding and responsible use of their discoveries. Robinson's scientists often emerge as the best people to direct public policy on important environmental and technological questions, on which politicians are often ignorant. The Mars trilogy is a series of award-winning science fiction novels by Kim Stanley Robinson, chronicling the settlement and terraforming of the planet Mars. ... The Years of Rice and Salt (2002, ISBN 0553580078) is an alternate history novel written by science fiction author Kim Stanley Robinson, a thought experiment about a world without Christianity. ...


Awards

Robinson won the Hugo Award for Best Novel with Green Mars (1994) and Blue Mars (1997); the Nebula Award for Best Novel with Red Mars (1993); the Nebula Award for Best Novella with The Blind Geometer (1986); the World Fantasy Award with Black Air (1983); a John W. Campbell Memorial Award for Best Science Fiction Novel with Pacific Edge (1991); and Locus Awards for The Wild Shore (1985), A Short, Sharp Shock (1991), Green Mars (1994), Blue Mars (1997), The Martians (2000), and The Years of Rice and Salt (2003)[3]. The 2005 Hugo Award with base designed by Deb Kosiba. ... Winners of the Nebula Award for Best Novel. ... Winners of the Nebula Award for Best Novella. ... First awarded in 1975, the World Fantasy Awards are handed out annually at the World Fantasy Convention (WFC) to recognize outstanding achievement in the field of fantasy. ... The John W. Campbell Memorial Award for Best Science Fiction Novel has been awarded every year since 1973, except in 1994. ... The Locus Awards are presented to winners of Locus Magazines annual readers poll, which was established in the early 70s specifically to provide recommendations and suggestions to Hugo Awards voters. ...


References

  1. ^ http://www.signonsandiego.com/news/features/20040704-9999-1a4robinson.html
  2. ^ http://www.raintaxi.com/online/2001summer/robinson.shtml
  3. ^ Kelly, Mark R. (2007). The LOCUS index to SF awards. Locus Publications. Retrieved on 2007-04-07.

Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... April 7 is the 97th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (98th in leap years). ...

External links

Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to:
Kim Stanley Robinson

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Pywrit.com - Kim Stanley Robinson Biography (1124 words)
Robinson proudly defends the genre for which he is a passionate advocate.
Robinson is an enthusiastic mountain climber, and this has clearly had a strong influence over several of his works, most notably Antarctica, Mars Trilogy, Green Mars (a short story found in The Martians) and Forty Signs of Rain.
Robinson's fascination with science and technology is clear, though he balances this skillfully with a strong streak of humanity.
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