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Encyclopedia > Kim Campbell
The Right Honourable
 Kim Campbell
 PC QC LLB LLD (hc)

In office
June 25, 1993 – November 4, 1993
Monarch Elizabeth II
Preceded by Brian Mulroney
Succeeded by Jean Chrétien

Member of Parliament
for Vancouver Centre
In office
1988 – 1993
Preceded by Pat Carney
Succeeded by Hedy Fry

Born March 10, 1947 (1947-03-10) (age 61)
Port Alberni, British Columbia
Political party Progressive ConservativeSocial Credit
Spouse Nathan Divinsky - divorced, Howard Eddy - divorced, Hershey Felder - common law spouse
Children none
Residence Vancouver, British Columbia
Alma mater University of British Columbia, London School of Economics
Profession Lawyer, academic
Religion Anglican (lapsed)

Avril Phaedra Douglas Campbell PC QC (commonly known as Kim Campbell) (born 10 March 1947), was the nineteenth Prime Minister of Canada from 25 June to 4 November 1993. Kim Campbell (b. ... Kim Campbell is a character on Waterloo Road (TV series) Kim is the fair straight talking pastoral teacher who is always the childrens friend, she has many disagreements about how situations shoould be dealt with inside the school with collegue, Andrew Treneman. ... The Right Honourable (abbreviated as or ) is an honorific prefix that is traditionally applied to certain people in the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, the Anglophone Caribbean and in other Commonwealth Realms, and elsewhere. ... The Privy Council Office as it appeared in the 1880s The Queens Privy Council for Canada (French: Conseil privé de la Reine pour le Canada) is the council of advisers to the Queen of Canada, whose members are appointed by the Governor General of Canada for life on the... For information about The Times satire Queens Counsel, see Queens Counsel (comic strip). ... LLB redirects here. ... Doctor of Laws (Latin: Legum Doctor, LL.D) is a doctorate-level academic degree in law. ... An honorary degree (Latin: honoris causa ad gradum, not to be confused with an honors degree) is an academic degree awarded to an individual as a decoration, rather than as the result of matriculating and studying for several years. ... Regions Political culture Foreign relations Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      The Prime Minister of Canada (French: Premier ministre du Canada), is the Minister of the Crown who is head of the Government of Canada. ... is the 176th day of the year (177th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 308th day of the year (309th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ... Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor; born 21 April 1926) is Queen of sixteen sovereign states, holding each crown and title equally. ... Martin Brian Mulroney PC CC GOQ (predominantly known as Brian Mulroney) (born March 20, 1939), was the eighteenth Prime Minister of Canada from September 17, 1984, to June 25, 1993 and was leader of the Progressive Conservative Party of Canada from 1983 to 1993. ... Joseph Jacques Jean Chrétien, usually known as Jean Chrétien, PC, QC, BA, BCL, LLD (h. ... Vancouver Centre is a federal electoral district in British Columbia, Canada, that has been represented in the Canadian House of Commons since 1917. ... Map of the Popular Vote with bar graphs showing seat totals in the provinces and territories The Canadian Parliament after the 1988 election The Canadian federal election of 1988 was held November 21, 1988, to elect members of the Canadian House of Commons. ... Popular vote map with bar graphs showing seat totals in the provinces and territories. ... Patricia Pat Carney, PC, BA, MA, LLD (born May 26, 1935 in Shanghai, China) is a Canadian Senator and former Cabinet minister. ... Hedy Fry, PC, MP, MD (born August 6, 1941) is a Canadian politician, physician, and best Queen Canada has ever had - although some poindexter at McGill may think otherwise. ... is the 69th day of the year (70th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1947 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Port Alberni is a city located in the province of British Columbia in Canada. ... Motto: Splendor sine occasu (Latin: Splendour without diminishment) Capital Victoria Largest city Vancouver Official languages English (de facto) Government Lieutenant-Governor Steven Point Premier Gordon Campbell (BC Liberal) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament House seats 36 Senate seats 6 Confederation July 20, 1871 (6th province) Area  Ranked 5th Total 944... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The British Columbia Social Credit Party, whose members are known as Socreds, was the governing political party of British Columbia, Canada, for more than 30 years between the 1952 provincial election and the 1991 election. ... Nathan Joseph Divinsky (born October 29, 1925) is a mathematician and chess enthusiast who is also known for being the former husband of the 19th Prime Minister of Canada, Kim Campbell. ... For other uses, see Vancouver (disambiguation). ... Motto: Splendor sine occasu (Latin: Splendour without diminishment) Capital Victoria Largest city Vancouver Official languages English (de facto) Government Lieutenant-Governor Steven Point Premier Gordon Campbell (BC Liberal) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament House seats 36 Senate seats 6 Confederation July 20, 1871 (6th province) Area  Ranked 5th Total 944... For other uses, see Alma mater (disambiguation). ... The University of British Columbia (UBC) is a Canadian public research university with campuses in Vancouver and Kelowna. ... Mascot: Beaver Affiliations: University of London Russell Group EUA ACU CEMS APSIA Golden Triangle G5 Group Universities UK Website: http://www. ... For the fish called lawyer, see Burbot. ... Plato is credited with the inception of academia: the body of knowledge, its development and transmission across generations. ... The term Anglican describes those people and churches following the religious traditions of the Church of England, especially following the Reformation. ... The term lapsed Catholic describes a person raised as a Roman Catholic who no longer practices the religion. ... The Privy Council Office as it appeared in the 1880s The Queens Privy Council for Canada (French: Conseil privé de la Reine pour le Canada) is the council of advisers to the Queen of Canada, whose members are appointed by the Governor General of Canada for life on the... For information about The Times satire Queens Counsel, see Queens Counsel (comic strip). ... is the 69th day of the year (70th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1947 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Regions Political culture Foreign relations Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      The Prime Minister of Canada (French: Premier ministre du Canada), is the Minister of the Crown who is head of the Government of Canada. ... is the 176th day of the year (177th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 308th day of the year (309th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ...


She was the first and to date only female Prime Minister of Canada, and the second woman in history to sit at the table of the Group of Eight leaders (after British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher). She was the third woman to serve as a head of government in North America (after Eugenia Charles of Dominica and Violeta Chamorro of Nicaragua) and was also Canada's first baby-boomer Prime Minister. She was the first to be born and elected in British Columbia. Group of Eight redirects here. ... In the United Kingdom, the Prime Minister is the head of government, exercising many of the executive functions nominally vested in the Sovereign, who is head of state. ... Margaret Hilda Thatcher, Baroness Thatcher, LG, OM, PC, FRS (née Roberts; born 13 October 1925) served as British Prime Minister from 1979 to 1990 and leader of the Conservative Party from 1975 until 1990, being the first and only woman to hold either post. ... The head of government is the chief officer of the executive branch of a government, often presiding over a cabinet. ... North American redirects here. ... Dame (Mary) Eugenia Charles, DBE (May 15, 1919–September 6, 2005) was the Prime Minister of Dominica from July 21, 1980 until June 14, 1995. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... For the video game, see Baby Boomer (video game). ... Motto: Splendor sine occasu (Latin: Splendour without diminishment) Capital Victoria Largest city Vancouver Official languages English (de facto) Government Lieutenant-Governor Steven Point Premier Gordon Campbell (BC Liberal) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament House seats 36 Senate seats 6 Confederation July 20, 1871 (6th province) Area  Ranked 5th Total 944...

Contents

Personal background

Campbell was born in Port Alberni, British Columbia to George Thomas Campbell (1920–2002) and Phyllis "Lisa" Cook. Her mother left the family when Campbell was 12, leaving Kim and her sister Alix to be raised by their father. As a teenager, Avril permanently nicknamed herself Kim, perhaps for actress Kim Novak[1], as well as because "Kim" resembles the first syllable of Campbell said in a Highlander accent. Port Alberni is a city located in the province of British Columbia in Canada. ... Motto: Splendor sine occasu (Latin: Splendour without diminishment) Capital Victoria Largest city Vancouver Official languages English (de facto) Government Lieutenant-Governor Steven Point Premier Gordon Campbell (BC Liberal) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament House seats 36 Senate seats 6 Confederation July 20, 1871 (6th province) Area  Ranked 5th Total 944... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


While in her pre-teens, Campbell was a host and reporter on the CBC children's program Junior Television Club[2]. Radio-Canada redirects here. ...


She and her family moved to Vancouver, and Campbell attended Prince of Wales Secondary School, becoming the school's first female student president, graduating in 1964. For other uses, see Vancouver (disambiguation). ... Prince of Wales Secondary School is a public secondary school located in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. ...


University, early career

She earned an honours B.A. degree in Political Science from the University of British Columbia, graduating in 1969 with straight first-class marks in her final year. She was active in the student government at UBC, serving as the school's first female president of the freshman class. She then completed a year of graduate study at UBC, to qualify for doctoral-level studies (Time And Chance, by Kim Campbell, 1996, pp. 17-23). Campbell entered the London School of Economics in 1970 to study towards her doctorate in Soviet Government, and spent three months touring the Soviet Union, from April to June 1972. She had spent several years studying the Russian language, and was close to being fluent (Time and Chance, by Kim Campbell, 1996, pp. 26-37). Campbell ultimately left her doctoral studies unfinished, returning to live in Vancouver after marrying Nathan Divinsky, her longtime boyfriend, in 1972. She earned, in 1983, an LL.B. from the University of British Columbia. She was called to the British Columbia Bar in 1984 and practiced law in Vancouver until 1986. A B.A. issued from the University of Tennessee. ... The University of British Columbia (UBC) is a Canadian public research university with campuses in Vancouver and Kelowna. ... Mascot: Beaver Affiliations: University of London Russell Group EUA ACU CEMS APSIA Golden Triangle G5 Group Universities UK Website: http://www. ... Russian ( , transliteration: , Russian pronunciation: ) is the most geographically widespread language of Eurasia, the most widely spoken of the Slavic languages, and the largest native language in Europe. ... Nathan Joseph Divinsky (born October 29, 1925) is a mathematician and chess enthusiast who is also known for being the former husband of the 19th Prime Minister of Canada, Kim Campbell. ... LLB redirects here. ... The University of British Columbia (UBC) is a Canadian public research university with campuses in Vancouver and Kelowna. ... The Call to the Bar is a legal term of art in most common law jurisdictions. ... A bar association is a body of lawyers who, in some jurisdictions, are responsible for the regulation of the legal profession. ... For other uses, see Vancouver (disambiguation). ...


Family

Campbell married Nathan Divinsky, a university professor, author, television personality, and chess master, in 1972. During their marriage, Campbell lectured part-time in political science at the University of British Columbia and at Vancouver Community College. While still attending law school, she entered politics as a trustee on the Vancouver School Board, becoming, in 1983, the chair of that board and serving in 1984 as its vice-chair. She once claimed to have told the board to "back off" although others alleged that she had said "(Expletive) off!", which author Gordon Donaldson compares to Pierre Trudeau's "fuddle duddle" incident.[3] In total, she was a trustee there from 1980 to 1984 (Divinsky also had been chair). Campbell and Divinsky were divorced in 1983, and Campbell married Howard Eddy in 1986, a marriage that lasted until shortly before she became prime minister. Campbell is the second Prime Minister of Canada to have been divorced, after Pierre Trudeau. Nathan Joseph Divinsky (born October 29, 1925) is a mathematician and chess enthusiast who is also known for being the former husband of the 19th Prime Minister of Canada, Kim Campbell. ... The University of British Columbia (UBC) is a Canadian public research university with campuses in Vancouver and Kelowna. ... VCC Broadway Campus sign Vancouver Community College (VCC), is a vocational training institute in Vancouver. ... Vancouver School Board (School District #39) is a school district based in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. ... Gordon Donaldson is a Canadian author and journalist. ... “Trudeau” redirects here. ... Fuddle duddle is a euphemistic substitution for fuck or Fuck Off, whose most famous use was by then-Canadian Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau. ... “Trudeau” redirects here. ...


She briefly dated Gregory Lekhtman, the inventor of Exerlopers, during her term as Prime Minister, but kept the relationship relatively private and did not involve him in the election campaign. Popular vote map with bar graphs showing seat totals in the provinces and territories. ...


She is currently in a common law marriage to Hershey Felder, an actor, playwright, composer, and concert pianist. Though she has no children of her own, she remains close to Nathan Divinsky's daughter Pamela. In many jurisdictions, common-law marriage is a legal provision whereby two people who are eligible to marry, but who do not obtain a legal marriage, are nevertheless considered married under certain conditions. ...


The couple currently reside in Paris, France.


Political life

Campbell was the unsuccessful BC Social Credit Party candidate in Vancouver Centre for a seat in the British Columbia Legislative Assembly in 1983, capturing 12,740 votes (19.3% in a double member riding). Campbell ran unsuccessfully for the leadership of the BC Social Credit Party in the summer of 1986 (placing last with fewer than a dozen votes from delegates), but was elected in October 1986 to the British Columbia Legislative Assembly as a Socred member for Vancouver-Point Grey, capturing 19,716 votes (23.2%, also in a double member riding) The British Columbia Social Credit Party, whose members are known as Socreds, was the governing party of British Columbia for more than 30 years between the 1952 provincial election and the 1991 election, although there was a break between the 1972 and 1975 elections when the New Democratic Party of... Vancouver Centre was a provincial electoral district for the Legislative Assembly of British Columbia, Canada. ... Legislature Building in Victoria, BC The Legislative Assembly of British Columbia is located in Victoria. ... The British Columbia Social Credit Party, whose members are known as Socreds, was the governing party of British Columbia for more than 30 years between the 1952 provincial election and the 1991 election, although there was a break between the 1972 and 1975 elections when the New Democratic Party of... Legislature Building in Victoria, BC The Legislative Assembly of British Columbia is located in Victoria. ... Vancouver-Point Grey is a provincial electoral district for the Legislative Assembly of British Columbia, Canada. ...


A few years later she resigned from the legislature to run in the 1988 federal election as a Progressive Conservative in Vancouver Centre, in downtown Vancouver. She won and immediately joined the cabinet, becoming Minister of Indian Affairs and Northern Development (1989-1990), and later became Canada's first female Minister of Justice and Attorney-General (1990-1993). She was then appointed as the first female Minister of National Defence after Mulroney shuffled his cabinet in 1993. Map of the Popular Vote with bar graphs showing seat totals in the provinces and territories The Canadian Parliament after the 1988 election The Canadian federal election of 1988 was held November 21, 1988, to elect members of the Canadian House of Commons. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Vancouver Centre is a federal electoral district in British Columbia, Canada, that has been represented in the Canadian House of Commons since 1917. ... Regions Political culture Foreign relations Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      The Cabinet of Canada (French: Cabinet du Canada or Conseil des ministres) plays an important role in the Government of Canada in accordance with the Westminster System. ... The Minister of Justice (French: Ministre de la Justice) is the Minister of the Crown in the Canadian Cabinet who is responsible for the Department of Justice and is also Attorney General of Canada. ... The Minister of National Defence (French: Ministre de la Défense nationale) is the Canadian politician within the Cabinet of Canada responsible for the Department of National Defence which oversees the Canadian Forces. ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ...


In February, Prime Minister Brian Mulroney announced his retirement from politics. Campbell defeated Jean Charest at the Progressive Conservative leadership convention that June. Governor General Ray Hnatyshyn formally appointed her Prime Minister on 25 June. As a concession to Charest, Campbell appointed him to the posts of Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Industry, Science and Technology, the first largely symbolic, the second a significant cabinet portfolio. Martin Brian Mulroney PC CC GOQ (predominantly known as Brian Mulroney) (born March 20, 1939), was the eighteenth Prime Minister of Canada from September 17, 1984, to June 25, 1993 and was leader of the Progressive Conservative Party of Canada from 1983 to 1993. ... John James Charest, PC, LL.B., MNA, known as Jean Charest IPA: (born June 24, 1958) is a Canadian lawyer and politician from the province of Quebec. ... The first Progressive Conservative Party of Canada leadership convention was held in 1927, when the party was called the Conservative Party. ... The Governor General of Canada (French (feminine): Gouverneure générale du Canada, or (masculine): Gouverneur général du Canada) is the vice-regal representative in Canada of the Canadian monarch, who is the head of state. ... MP Ray Hnatyshyn & Gilles Lamontagne Minister of National Defence attend a reception following a parade at #107 Spitfire Royal Canadian Air Cadet Squadron in Saskatoon, SK - circa 1980 Ramon John Ray Hnatyshyn, PC, CC, CMM, CD, BA, LL.B, QC, FRHSC (hon) (anglicized pronunciation ) (March 16, 1934 – December 18, 2002... The Deputy Prime Minister of Canada (French: Vice-premier ministre du Canada) is an honorary position in the Canadian government, conferred at the discretion of the Prime Minister on a member of the cabinet. ...


Also in 1993, Campbell and Eddy were divorced, although the divorce was finalized before she was sworn in as Prime Minister.


In an unrelated story, Campbell was the Canadian Justice Minister at the time of David Milgaard's release from prison after serving 23 years for a crime he did not commit. In her time as Justice Minister, Campbell repressed several appeal requests from Milgaard's lawyers, and also disregarded a public address from Milgaard's mother, Joyce Milgaard. She came under heavy criticism for her position. Milgaards mugshot David Milgaard (born july 1952)in Winnipeg, Manitoba is a Canadian who was wrongfully convicted for the murder and rape of nursing assistant Gail Miller. ...


Prime Ministership

Campbell's career was characterized by some as "a quick rise to fame from a relatively unknown cabinet member to prime minister." In fact, she had served in four cabinet portfolios prior to running for the party leadership and had more experience than eleven of the 18 men who preceded her as prime minister, including Joe Clark and Brian Mulroney, who had no cabinet experience at all, and Pierre Trudeau, who had served only one year as Minister of Justice. Campbell had developed a considerable profile during her three years as Minister of Justice and garnered support of more than half the PC caucus when she declared for the leadership. Charles Joseph Joe Clark, PC, CC, AOE, MA, LLD (born June 5, 1939) was the sixteenth prime minister of Canada, from June 4, 1979, to March 3, 1980. ... “Trudeau” redirects here. ...


Campbell did extensive campaigning during the summer, touring the nation and attending barbecues and other events. By the end of the summer, her personal popularity had increased greatly, far surpassing that of Chrétien.[4] Support for the Progressive Conservative Party had also increased, and they were only a few points behind the Liberals, while the Reform Party had been reduced to single digits. The Reform Party of Canada was a Canadian federal political party that existed from 1987 to 2000. ...


Campbell also became the only Canadian Prime Minister not to have resided at 24 Sussex Drive since that address became the official home of the Prime Minister of Canada in 1951. Initially, Campbell's predecessor Brian Mulroney remained at 24 Sussex while renovations on his new home in Montreal were being completed. Campbell instead took up residence at Harrington Lake, and did not move into 24 Sussex after Mulroney left. Side View of 24 Sussex Drive 24 Sussex Drive, Ottawa, is the official residence of the Prime Minister of Canada. ... Martin Brian Mulroney PC CC GOQ (predominantly known as Brian Mulroney) (born March 20, 1939), was the eighteenth Prime Minister of Canada from September 17, 1984, to June 25, 1993 and was leader of the Progressive Conservative Party of Canada from 1983 to 1993. ... The Harrington Lake estate is both the name of the official country retreat of the Prime Minister of Canada and of the land which surrounds it. ...


The 1993 election

When an election was called in the fall of 1993, the party had high hopes that they might be able to remain the government and, if not, would at least be a strong opposition to a Liberal minority government. Popular vote map with bar graphs showing seat totals in the provinces and territories. ... Parliamentary Opposition is a form of political opposition to a designated government, particularly in a Westminster-based parliamentary system. ... For minority governments in general, see dominant minority. ...


However, Campbell's initial popularity soon declined due to public-relations mistakes committed after the writ was dropped. When she was running for the party leadership, Campbell's frank honesty was seen as an important asset and a sharp contrast from Mulroney's highly polished style. However, that backfired when she told reporters at a Rideau Hall event that it was unlikely that the deficit or unemployment would be much reduced before the "end of the century". During the election campaign, she stated that discussing a complete overhaul of Canada's social policies in all their complexities could not be done in just 47 days (the time allotted to an election campaign). However, a reporter truncated this comment to "an election is no time to discuss serious issues."


Some have attempted to point to her gender as a major contributing factor to her historic loss, but there is scant evidence to support that assertion. Analysis of the press coverage of the campaign reveals that a constant theme of the coverage itself was its unfairness. Journalists wrote openly about the double standard applied to Campbell, but there was little or no attempt to analyse why this was the case. Scholarly analysis by experts such as Richard Johnston of the University of British Columbia asserts that Campbell's "47 days" comment, (a response to a journalist's attempt to charge her with a hidden agenda) was not the key factor in the vote decline, but was made after the trend had shifted. Rather, the attempt to attribute a hidden agenda on social programs to her in and of itself reminded voters of what they believed about Mulroney - that he would say one thing but do another. Without time to establish a new record for her government, Campbell remained vulnerable to the negative perceptions people had of her predecessor.


The Conservatives' support tailed off rapidly as the campaign progressed. By October, it was obvious that Campbell and the Tories would not be reelected. All polls showed the Liberals were on their way to at least a minority government, and would probably win a majority without dramatic measures. However, Campbell was still personally more popular than Liberal leader Jean Chrétien. Knowing this, the Conservative campaign team put together a series of ads attacking Chrétien. The second ad appeared to mock Chrétien's Bell's Palsy facial paralysis, and generated a severe backlash from all sides. Even some Tory candidates called for the ad to be yanked. Campbell claims to have not been directly responsible for the ad, and to have ordered it off the air[5] over her staff's objections. However, she didn't apologize and lost a chance to contain the fallout from the ad. Joseph Jacques Jean Chrétien, usually known as Jean Chrétien, PC, QC, BA, BCL, LLD (h. ... One of the images from the commercial that many felt emphasized Chrétiens face The 1993 Chrétien ad was an attack ad broadcast on television during the 1993 federal election in Canada by the Progressive Conservative Party against Liberal leader Jean Chrétien. ... Bells palsy (or facial palsy) is characterised by facial drooping on the affected half, due to malfunction of the facial nerve (VII cranial nerve), which controls the muscles of the face. ...


The ad flap was widely regarded as the final nail in Campbell's coffin. Conservative support plummeted into the teens, all but assuring that the Liberals would win a majority government short of a complete meltdown in the dying days of the campaign. Canadian humourist Will Ferguson suggested that this incident meant Campbell should receive "some of the blame" for her party's losses, though "taking over the party leadership from Brian (Mulroney) was a lot like taking over the controls of a 747 just before it plunges into the Rockies."[6] Will Ferguson is a Canadian writer and novelist who is best known for his humorous observations on Canadian history and culture. ...


The Somalia Affair took place during her "watch" as Minister of National Defence and became a handicap during her subsequent period of public life. When the Liberal Party of Canada took power, the incident became the subject of a lengthy public inquiry, aimed further at embarrassing Campbell and the PCs. The Somalia Affair was a Canadian military scandal in the mid-1990s. ...


On election night, the Conservatives were swept from power in a massive Liberal landslide. Campbell herself was defeated in Vancouver Centre by rookie Liberal Hedy Fry. It was only the third time in Canadian history that a sitting prime minister was unseated at the same time that his or her party lost an election. In 1921, Arthur Meighen was unseated in his Manitoba riding at the same time that his Conservatives were defeated; this recurred in 1926 to end his second brief tenure as prime minister. Mackenzie King led the Liberals to victory in the 1925 election, but lost his seat and had to win a by-election to get back into Parliament. Except for Jean Charest, every Cabinet member running for re-election lost their seat. With few exceptions, the Tories' previous support in the west moved to Reform, while the Bloc Québécois inherited most Tory support in Quebec. In some cases, the Bloc pushed Cabinet ministers from Quebec into third place. In politics, a landslide victory (or just a landslide) is the victory of a candidate or political party by an overwhelming majority in an election. ... Hedy Fry, PC, MP, MD (born August 6, 1941) is a Canadian politician, physician, and best Queen Canada has ever had - although some poindexter at McGill may think otherwise. ... The Canadian parliament after the 1921 election The Canadian federal election of 1921 was held on December 6, 1921 to elect members of the Canadian House of Commons. ... Arthur Meighen, PC, QC, BA, LL.D (June 16, 1874 – August 5, 1960) was the ninth Prime Minister of Canada from July 10, 1920 to December 29, 1921 and June 29 to September 25, 1926. ... Motto: Gloriosus et Liber (Latin: Glorious and free) Capital Winnipeg Largest city Winnipeg Official languages English French (de facto) Government Lieutenant-Governor John Harvard Premier Gary Doer (NDP) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament House seats 14 Senate seats 6 Confederation July 15, 1870 (5th) Area  Ranked 8th Total 647,797... The Canadian parliament after the 1926 election The Canadian federal election of 1926 was held to elect members of the Canadian House of Commons. ... Not to be confused with William Lyon Mackenzie, Mackenzie Kings grandfather. ... The Canadian parliament after the 1925 election The Canadian federal election of 1925 was held to elect members of the Canadian House of Commons. ... This article is about the region in Canada. ... The Bloc Québécois (BQ) is a centre-left federal political party in Canada that defines itself as devoted to the promotion of sovereignty for Quebec. ... This article is about the Canadian province. ...


The Tories still finished with over two million votes, taking third place in the popular vote, and falling only two percentage points short of Reform for second place. However, due to quirks in the first past the post system, Tory support was not concentrated in enough areas to translate into victories in individual ridings. In contrast, the geographic concentration of support for Reform in the West and the Bloc in Quebec garnered them significant numbers of parliamentary seats. As a result, the Tories won only two seats compared to Reform's 52 and the Bloc's 54. It was the worst defeat in party history, and the worst defeat ever suffered by a governing party at the federal level. An example of a plurality ballot. ...


Campbell faced hurdles that she blamed as being insurmountable despite evidence to the contrary. Mulroney left office as one of the most (and according to Campbell, the most[7]) unpopular prime ministers since opinion polling began in the 1940s. He considerably hampered his own party's campaign effort by staging a very lavish international farewell tour at taxpayer expense and staying in office until only two and a half months were left in his mandate. Under the circumstances, Campbell came into office with almost no room to make mistakes. Nonetheless, Campbell's pre-election summer tour did put the Progressive Conservatives back up in the polls to only a few points behind the Liberals. Her finger-pointing after the massive loss has been seen by some as more evidence of her lack of fitness for the position.


By the time she dropped the writ for the 1993 election, she was only a few days from becoming the first prime minister to allow a Parliament to expire. Another factor was that the race was a five-way contest with Reform and the Bloc competing with the three traditional parties for votes. There was no issue like the Canada-US Free Trade Agreement five years earlier to make support for such parties seem risky. Drop the writ is a procedure in a parlimentary government, where the prime minister goes to the head of state, and asks for the disolusion of parliment, so than an election can be called to elect a new parliment. ... Free trade is an economic concept referring to the selling of products between countries without tariffs or other trade barriers. ...


Soon after the defeat, Campbell resigned as party leader; Jean Charest succeeded her. John James Charest, PC, LL.B., MNA, known as Jean Charest IPA: (born June 24, 1958) is a Canadian lawyer and politician from the province of Quebec. ...


Post-political career

Campbell returned to lecturing in political science for a few years, this time at Harvard University. Then, in 1996, the Liberal government that had defeated Campbell's appointed her Consul General to Los Angeles, a post in which she remained until 2000. Harvard redirects here. ... See also: consulate (disambiguation). ... Flag Seal Nickname: City of Angels Location Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates , Government State County California Los Angeles County Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,290. ...


She published an autobiography, Time and Chance, (ISBN 0-770-42738-3) in 1996. The book became a national bestseller in Canada. The International Standard Book Number, or ISBN (sometimes pronounced is-ben), is a unique[1] identifier for books, intended to be used commercially. ...


In 1997, Campbell collaborated with her third husband, composer, playwright and actor Hershey Felder, on the production of a musical, Noah's Ark in Los Angeles. From 2001 to 2004, she lectured at the John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University. She continues as an Honorary Fellow at the Center for Public Leadership at the Kennedy School. She also is the director of several publicly traded companies in high technology and biotechnology. The John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University (colloquially known as the Kennedy School, Harvard Kennedy School and HKS[1]) is a public policy and public administration school, and one of Harvards graduate and professional schools. ... The Center for Public Leadership (Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University) supports research, events, curricular and co-curricular programing. ...


From 1999 to 2003 she chaired the Council of Women World Leaders, a network of women who hold or have held the office of president or prime minister. She was succeeded by former Irish President Mary Robinson. From 2003 until 2005 she served as President of the International Women's Forum, a global organization of women of preeminent achievement whose headquarters is in Washington, D.C. The Council of Women World Leaders was created at a 1996 summit meeting of 11 of the worlds then-current and former presidents and prime ministers. ... For the poet, see Mary Robinson (poet). ... For other uses, see Washington, D.C. (disambiguation). ...


Campbell serves on the Board of the International Crisis Group and the Forum of Federations, and is on the advisory bodies of numerous international organizations. In 2004, she was included in the list of 50 most important political leaders in history in the Almanac of World History compiled by the National Geographic Society. She was cited for her status as the only woman head of government of a North American country (defined variously), but controversy ensued among academics in Canada over the merit of this honour since she had not won an election and because many senior ministers in the Mulroney government had not contested the leadership convention. The International Crisis Group is an international, non-profit, non-governmental organization whose mission is to prevent and resolve deadly conflicts through field-based analysis and high-level advocacy. ... This article is about the organization. ... North American redirects here. ...


She was a founding member of the Club of Madrid, an independent organization whose main purpose is to strengthen democracy in the world. Its membership is by invitation only and consists of former Heads of State and Government. In 2004 Campbell assumed the role of Secretary General of the organization. The Club of Madrid is an independent organization created for the purpose of promoting democracy and change in the global community. ... A large number of international organizations and other bodies have a secretary general or secretary-general as their chief administrative officers or in other administrative capacities. ...


On 30 November 2004, Campbell's official portrait for the parliamentary Prime Minister's gallery was unveiled. The painting was created by Victoria, British Columbia artist David Goatley. Kim Campbell said she was "deeply honoured" to be the only woman to have her picture in the Prime Ministers' corridor, stating: "I really look forward to the day when there are many other female faces." The painting shows a pensive Campbell sitting on a chair with richly coloured Haida capes and robes in the background, symbolizing her time as a cabinet minister and as an academic. The unveiling took place amidst protests against President George W. Bush visiting Canada (see[8] ). This article is about the city of Victoria. ... Motto: Splendor sine occasu (Latin: Splendour without diminishment) Capital Victoria Largest city Vancouver Official languages English (de facto) Government Lieutenant-Governor Steven Point Premier Gordon Campbell (BC Liberal) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament House seats 36 Senate seats 6 Confederation July 20, 1871 (6th province) Area  Ranked 5th Total 944... This article is about the people. ... George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is the forty-third and current President of the United States of America, originally inaugurated on January 20, 2001. ...


During the 2006 election campaign, Campbell endorsed the candidacy of Tony Fogarassy, the Conservative Party of Canada's candidate for the riding of Vancouver Centre. Campbell also clarified to reporters that she is a supporter of the new Conservative Party. Fogarassy lost the election, placing a distant third. Rendition of party representation in the 39th Canadian parliament decided by this election. ... The Conservative Party of Canada (French: Parti conservateur du Canada), colloquially known as the Tories, is a conservative political party in Canada, formed by the merger of the Canadian Alliance and the Progressive Conservative Party of Canada in December 2003. ... Vancouver Centre is a federal electoral district in British Columbia, Canada, that has been represented in the Canadian House of Commons since 1917. ...


Campbell now lives in France and recently joined the Board of Trustees of the Ukrainian Foundation for Effective Governance, an NGO formed in September 2007 with the aid of Ukrainian businessman Rinat Akhmetov[9]. NGO is an abbreviation or code for: Non-governmental organization Nagoya Airport (IATA code) This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Rinat Leonidovych Akhmetov (born on 21 September 1966 in Donetsk, Ukraine) is a Ukrainian business man, multi-billionaire, and President of SCM Holdings, as well of the Ukrainian football club, Shakhtar Donetsk. ...


Legacy

As Justice Minister, Campbell brought about a new rape law that clarified sexual assault and whose passage firmly entrenched that in cases involving sexual assault, "no means NO." She also introduced the rape shield law, legislation that protects a woman's sexual past from being explored during trial. While Campbell had little time to usher in legislation during her six months as Prime Minister, she did implement radical changes to the structure of the Canadian government. Under her tenure, the federal cabinet's size was cut from over seventy-five cabinet ministers and parliamentary secretaries to just twenty-three. The number of cabinet committees was reduced from eleven to five. She was also the first prime minister to convene a First Ministers' conference for consultation prior to representing Canada at the G7 Summit. Due to her brief time in office, Campbell holds a unique spot amongst Canadian prime ministers in that she made no Senate appointments. A rape shield law in the United States of America and Canada is a law that limits a defendants ability to cross-examine rape complainants about their past sexual behaviour. ... The Senate of Canada (French: Le Sénat du Canada) is a component of the Parliament of Canada, along with the Sovereign (represented by the Governor General) and the House of Commons. ...


Campbell has harshly criticized Mulroney for not handing power to her sooner than June 1993. In her view, when she finally became prime minister, she had almost no time or chance to make up ground on the Liberals once her initial popularity wore off. In her memoirs, Time and Chance as well as her response to The Secret Mulroney Tapes, Campbell even suggested that Mulroney knew the Tories would be defeated in the upcoming election, and wanted a "scapegoat who would bear the burden of his unpopularity" rather than a true successor. The cause of the 1993 debacle remains disputed, with some arguing that the election results were a vote against Mulroney rather than a rejection of Campbell, and others suggesting that the poorly-run Campbell campaign was the key factor in the result. The Secret Mulroney Tapes: Unguarded Confessions of a Prime Minister is a controversial biography of former Canadian Prime Minister Brian Mulroney, by veteran writer and former Mulroney confidant Peter C. Newman. ...


Although the Progressive Conservatives survived as a distinct political party for another ten years after the 1993 debacle, they never recovered their previous standing. During that period they were led by Jean Charest (1993-1998) and then, for the second time, by Joe Clark (1998-2003). By then the party had voted to merge with the Canadian Alliance to form the Conservative Party of Canada in 2003, thus formally ceasing to exist. Joe Clark continued to sit as a "Progressive Conservative" into 2004, and the new brand of Conservatives gained power in the election of 2006, thus the "Tory" nickname lives on in the Federal politics of Canada. John James Charest, PC, LL.B., MNA, known as Jean Charest IPA: (born June 24, 1958) is a Canadian lawyer and politician from the province of Quebec. ... Charles Joseph Joe Clark, PC, CC, AOE, MA, LLD (born June 5, 1939) was the sixteenth prime minister of Canada, from June 4, 1979, to March 3, 1980. ... The Canadian Alliance, formally the Canadian Reform Conservative Alliance, was a Canadian conservative political party that existed from 2000 to 2003. ... The Conservative Party of Canada (French: Parti conservateur du Canada), colloquially known as the Tories, is a conservative political party in Canada, formed by the merger of the Canadian Alliance and the Progressive Conservative Party of Canada in December 2003. ...


Campbell remains one of the youngest women to have ever assumed the office of Prime Minister in any country, and thus also one of the youngest to have left the office.


Honours

According to Canadian protocol, as a former Prime Minister, she is styled "The Right Honourable" for life. The Right Honourable (abbreviated as or ) is an honorific prefix that is traditionally applied to certain people in the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, the Anglophone Caribbean and in other Commonwealth Realms, and elsewhere. ...

[11] The Privy Council Office as it appeared in the 1880s The Queens Privy Council for Canada (French: Conseil privé de la Reine pour le Canada) is the council of advisers to the Queen of Canada, whose members are appointed by the Governor General of Canada for life on the... For information about The Times satire Queens Counsel, see Queens Counsel (comic strip). ... 125th Anniversary of the Confederation of Canada Medal The 125th Anniversary of the Confederation of Canada Medal is a commemorative medals struck by the Royal Canadian Mint celebrating the 125th aniversary of the Confederation of Canada. ... Queen Elizabeth IIs Golden Jubilee Medal was a commemorative medal struck by the Royal Canadian Mint celebrating the fiftieth anniversary of Her Majestys reign as Queen of Canada. ... Mascot: Beaver Affiliations: University of London Russell Group EUA ACU CEMS APSIA Golden Triangle G5 Group Universities UK Website: http://www. ... The John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University (colloquially known as the Kennedy School, Harvard Kennedy School and HKS[1]) is a public policy and public administration school, and one of Harvards graduate and professional schools. ... Harvard redirects here. ... The Club of Madrid is an independent organization created for the purpose of promoting democracy and change in the global community. ...


Honorary degrees

The Law Society of Upper Canada (LSUC) is responsible for the self-regulation of lawyers in the province of Ontario. ... Doctor of Laws (Latin: Legum Doctor, LL.D) is a doctorate-level academic degree in law. ... Brock University is a modern comprehensive university located in St. ... Doctor of Laws (Latin: Legum Doctor, LL.D) is a doctorate-level academic degree in law. ... Northeastern University, occasionally abbreviated as NU or NEU, is a top-tier private research university in Boston, Massachusetts. ... Boston redirects here. ... The University of British Columbia (UBC) is a Canadian public research university with campuses in Vancouver and Kelowna. ... Doctor of Laws (Latin: Legum Doctor, LL.D) is a doctorate-level academic degree in law. ... Mount Holyoke College is a liberal arts womens college in South Hadley, Massachusetts. ... Doctor of Laws (Latin: Legum Doctor, LL.D) is a doctorate-level academic degree in law. ... Chatham College is a small (1,200 undergraduate and graduate students) liberal arts college located in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvanias neighborhood Squirrel Hill . ... Doctor of Laws (Latin: Legum Doctor, LL.D) is a doctorate-level academic degree in law. ... Arizona State University (ASU) is a public research institution of higher education and research with campuses located in the Phoenix Metropolitan Area. ... A Doctor of Humane Letters (Latin: Litterarum humanae doctor; D.H.L.; or L.H.D.) is an honorary degree often conferred to those who have contributed to issues of peace and social justice. ...

See also

  • Time and Chance (book)

References

  1. ^ Gordon Donaldson, The Prime Ministers of Canada, (Toronto: Doubleday Canada Limited, 1997), p. 351.
  2. ^ Introducing Avril Campbell - Kim Campbell, First and Foremost - CBC Archives
  3. ^ Donaldson, p. 354.
  4. ^ Woolstencroft 15.
  5. ^ Donaldson, p. 367.
  6. ^ Will Ferguson, Bastards and Boneheads: Canada's Glorious Leaders Past and Present (Vancouver/Toronto: Douglas & McIntyre, 1999), p. 284.
  7. ^ Canada Still Has Mulroney to Kick Around - New York Times
  8. ^ CBC News. Kim Campbell's official portrait unveiled in Ottawa. Retrieved on 2008-06-25.
  9. ^ Reuters, Shimon Peres talks, via video conference, of strong relationship between Israel and Ukraine, Feb 4, 2008
  10. ^ Home - Club of Madrid - Democracy that Delivers. Retrieved on 2008-06-25.
  11. ^ (English) [http://www.clubmadrid.org The Club of Madrid is an independent organization dedicated to strengthening democracy around the world by drawing on the unique experience and resources of its Members – 66 democratic former heads of state and government.
  12. ^ UBC Archives - Honorary Degree Citations - 2000-02. Retrieved on 2008-06-25.
  13. ^ ASU News > Browne, Campbell honored at commencement ceremony. Retrieved on 2008-06-25.

Gordon Donaldson is a Canadian author and journalist. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 176th day of the year (177th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 176th day of the year (177th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 176th day of the year (177th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 176th day of the year (177th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to:
Kim Campbell
  • Political Biography from the Library of Parliament
  • Biography from the Kennedy School of Government
  • 2004 commencement speech, Mount Holyoke College
  • Grace Stewart, Heather. "Kim Campbell: the keener who broke down barriers" (2007) ISBN: 978-0-9736407-0-0 Jackfruit Press, http://www.jackfruitpress.com
  • CBC Digital Archives – Kim Campbell, First and Foremost
  • Official page of the documentary film "Kim Campbell:Through the Looking Glass"
  • Kim Campbell at the Internet Movie Database
25th Ministry - Government of Kim Campbell
Cabinet Posts (1)
Predecessor Office Successor
Brian Mulroney Prime Minister of Canada
(25 June-4 November 1993)
Jean Chrétien
24th Ministry - Government of Brian Mulroney
Cabinet Posts (2)
Predecessor Office Successor
Marcel Masse Minister of National Defence
(1993)
Tom Siddon
Doug Lewis Minister of Justice
(1990–1993)
Pierre Blais
Preceded by
Brian Mulroney
Canadian order of precedence
as of 2007
Succeeded by
Jean Chrétien
Persondata
NAME Campbell, Avril Phaedra Douglas
ALTERNATIVE NAMES Campbell, Kim
SHORT DESCRIPTION 19th Prime Minister of Canada (1993)
DATE OF BIRTH March 10, 1947
PLACE OF BIRTH Port Alberni, British Columbia
DATE OF DEATH
PLACE OF DEATH
The Right Honourable James (Jimmy) Garfield Gardiner (November 30, 1883-January 2, 1962) was a farmer, politician, Premier of Saskatchewan, Canada, and minister in the Canadian Cabinet. ... Joseph Thorarinn Thorson (March 15, 1889 – July 6, 1978) was a lawyer and politician from Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada. ... Léo Richer Laflèche, D.S.O. (April 16, 1888 – March 7, 1956) was a Canadian general, civil servant, diplomat, and politician. ... James Joseph McCann (March 29, 1886 – April 11, 1961) was a Canadian politician, born in Perth, Ontario, son of John A. McCann, a mason and license-inspector, and Mary Hourigan, who were both of Irish descent. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Sir James Alexander Lougheed, KCMG , PC (1 September 1854 – 2 November 1925) a businessman and politician from Alberta, Canada. ... Robert James Manion (November 19, 1881 Pembroke, Ontario - July 2, 1943 Ottawa, Ontario) was a physician and Canadian politician. ... John Campbell Elliott (August 25, 1872 - December 20, 1941) was a Canadian politician. ... Robert James Manion (November 19, 1881 Pembroke, Ontario - July 2, 1943 Ottawa, Ontario) was a physician and Canadian politician. ... Hon. ... The Honourable Dr. James Horace King (January 18, 1873 - July 14, 1955) was a physician and Canadian parliamentarian. ... The Honourable Dr. James Horace King (January 18, 1873 - July 14, 1955) was a physician and Canadian parliamentarian. ... James Layton Ralston, PC (September 27, 1881 - May 21, 1948) was the Canadian Minister of National Defence from 1940 to 1944. ... Murray MacLaren (April 30, 1861 – December 24, 1942) was a Canadian politician and Lieutenant-Governor of New Brunswick. ... Donald Matheson Sutherland, PC (December 3, 1879 - June 4, 1970) was a Canadian physician and politician. ... Charles Gavan Chubby Power (January 18, 1888_May 30, 1968) was a Canadian politician. ... The Right Honourable Ian Alistair Mackenzie (July 27, 1890 - September 2, 1949) was a Canadian parliamentarian. ... The position of Minister of Veterans Affairs was created in 1944. ... The Right Honourable Ian Alistair Mackenzie (July 27, 1890 - September 2, 1949) was a Canadian parliamentarian. ... Photo by Terry Macdonald Brigadier The Honourable Milton Fowler Gregg, VC , PC , OC , CBE , MC , ED , MA , DCL (April 10, 1892 - March 13, 1978) was a Canadian Member of Parliament, cabinet minister, academic, soldier, diplomat, and recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in... Colonel The Honourable Hugues Lapointe (March 3, 1911 – November 13, 1982) was a Canadian lawyer, Member of Parliament and Lieutenant Governor of Quebec from 1966 to 1978. ... The Honourable Alfred Johnson Brooks (November 14, 1890 - December 7, 1967) was a Canadian parliamentarian. ... The Honourable Gordon Minto Churchill, PC , DSO , MA , LL.B (born November 8, 1898 in Cold Water, Ontario; died August 3, 1985) was a Canadian politician. ... Marcel Joseph Aimé Lambert (August 21, 1919 - September 24, 2000) was a Canadian politician and Speaker of the Canadian House of Commons (1962-1963). ... Roger Teillet The Honourable Roger-Joseph Teillet, PC (August 21, 1912 – June 1, 2002) was a Canadian politician. ... The Honourable Jean-Eudes Dubé (born November 6, 1926) is a former Canadian politician. ... Arthur Laing was a Canadian politican. ... Allan Bruce McKinnon (January 11, 1917 - September 19, 1990) was a Canadian politician. ... Joseph-Georges-Gilles-Claude Lamontagne (born April 17, 1919) is a former Canadian politician and lieutenant-governor of Quebec. ... William Bennett Campbell (born 1943) is a former Prince Edward Island politician and premier. ... Hees visiting Eskimos in Frobisher Bay, Northwest Territories, 1958 George Harris Hees, PC , OC (June 17, 1910 - June 11, 1996) was a Canadian politician. ... Gerald (Gerry) Stairs Merrithew, (September 23, 1931 - September 5, 2004), born at Saint John, New Brunswick, Canada, was an educator and statesman. ... The Honourable Peter L. McCreath (born July 5, 1943) is chairman of the Nova Scotia Liquor Corporation and a former Canadian politician. ... David Michael Collenette, PC, MA, BA (born June 24, 1946 in London) was a Canadian politician representing the Liberal Party of Canada from 1974 to 2004. ... The Honourable Meredith Douglas Doug Young, PC (born September 20, 1940) is a Canadian politician. ... Fred J. Mifflin, PC , CD (born February 6, 1938) is a retired Rear Admiral in the Canadian Forces and a former politician. ... Hon. ... The Honourable Ronald J. Duhamel (March 2, 1938 – September 30, 2002) was a Canadian Member of Parliament and Senator. ... Presenting Smokey Smith with the Queen Elizabeth II Golden Jubilee Medal in 2002 Dr. Rey D. Pagtakhan, PC, M.Sc, MD, LL.D [1](born January 7, 1935) is a Canadian physician, professor and politician. ... The Honourable John McCallum, PC, MP, MA, PhD (born April 9, 1950) is a Canadian politician, economist and university professor. ... Albina Guarnieri The Honourable Albina Guarnieri, PC, MP, MA (born June 23, 1953 in Faeto, Italy) is a Canadian politician. ... Gregory Francis Thompson (born March 28, 1947 in St. ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 69th day of the year (70th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1947 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Port Alberni is a city located in the province of British Columbia in Canada. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Harvard Gazette: Former Canadian leader Campbell addresses gender bias (940 words)
Campbell said it was only after her 1993 defeat that she began to wonder how her treatment by the press might have colored her re-election campaign.
Campbell gave a brief overview of research on gender bias, describing experiments in which orchestra auditions were conducted behind a screen to eliminate gender clues.
The result, Campbell said, is that the successful woman, and successful woman politicians in particular, are viewed as the exception, as an anomaly, or as a "hard-worker." Campbell said she'd always been viewed as the exception as she held a variety of leadership positions as she grew.
Avril Phaedra Douglas Campbell Biography | Encyclopedia of World Biography (1313 words)
Campbell ran unsuccessfully for a seat in the provincial legislature under the Bennett banner in 1983, and in September 1985 she left Ladner Downs to serve as executive director in the premier's office.
Campbell was elected to the provincial assembly in October, but she had denounced the new leader in her convention address and she was never part of his inner circle.
Campbell's growing list of admirers replied that she was adapting to the realities of politics, learning the flexibility and accessibility that she had always been accused of lacking.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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