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Encyclopedia > Kilt
A kilt in the Black Watch tartan
A kilt in the Black Watch tartan

A kilt is a traditional garment of modern Scottish and Celtic culture typically worn by men. Kilts exist in various modern forms, and in forms inspired by the historical garment, including: Image File history File links Size of this preview: 506 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (513 × 608 pixel, file size: 34 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Kilt. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 506 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (513 × 608 pixel, file size: 34 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Kilt. ... For other uses, see Black Watch (disambiguation). ... For the artificial athletic track surface, see tartan track. ... This article is about the country. ... Celts, normally pronounced //, is a modern term used to describe any of the European peoples who spoke, or speak, a Celtic language. ...

  1. The modern form of the traditional Scottish garment;
  2. The historical form of this same Scottish garment (cf. History of the kilt);
  3. Various other national forms of the kilt, such as the Northumbrian kilt, Irish kilt, Welsh kilt, Cornish kilt, and the Contemporary kilt;
  4. Certain types of school uniform skirts for girls

Traditionalists emphasize that the plural of "kilt" is "the kilt" rather than "kilts", though the latter term has been used alongside the former and continues to gain acceptance in modern English.[citation needed] The history of the kilt stretches back to at least the end of the 16th century. ... Students in Bangkok Over one thousand students in uniform during an assembly at a secondary school in Singapore. ...


At modern-day Highland games gatherings in Scotland and elsewhere, the modern version of the traditional Scottish kilt is much in evidence. Historical forms of the Scottish kilt have differed in several particulars (some quite substantial) from the modern-day version. With reference to the Scottish kilt, the organizations that sanction and grade the competitions in Highland dancing and bagpiping all have rules governing acceptable attire for the competitors. These rules specify that kilts are to be worn (except that in the national dances, the female competitors will be wearing the Aboyne dress). The word kilt as used in reference to the Scottish form of the kilt in this article refers to those garments as typically seen in such competitions.[1][2] Differences between the Scottish kilt and other forms will be discussed in the sections related to those other types of kilts. Opening ceremonies of 2004 Canmore Highland games Highland games are events held throughout the year in Scotland and other countries as a way of celebrating Scottish and Celtic culture and heritage, especially that of the Scottish Highlands. ... This article is about the country. ... A young highland dancer demonstrates her form in the Scottish sword at the 2005 Bellingham (Washington) Highland Games The term Highland dancing is used today to refer to a style of athletic solo dancing which evolved into its current form during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries in the context of... A piper playing the Great Highland Bagpipe. ... A young Highland dancer wearing the Aboyne dress prescribed for females for the Natioanl dances The Aboyne dress is the name given to the prescribed attire for females in the Scottish national dances, such as the Flora McDonald, the Highland lilt, and others. ...


Depending on the occasion, a kilt is normally worn with accessories such as a belt, jacket, sporran (a type of pouch), special footwear, and — optionally — underwear (usually black cotton briefs). These are discussed in the separate article kilt accessories. Semi dress black leather sporran A Sporran is a pouch made of leather or fur that is worn on a chain around the waist on the front of a kilt. ... An example of the eclectic style often seen at modern-day Highland Games gatherings The modern, tailored kilt which is ubiquitous at Highland Games gatherings around the world has associated with it an evolving style of wear. ...

Contents

The Scottish kilt

A Scotsman in his kilt.

The Scottish kilt displays peculiarities of design, construction, and convention which differentiate it from other garments fitting the general description. It is a tailored garment that is wrapped around the wearer's body at the natural waist (between the lowest rib and the hip) starting from one side (usually the wearer's left), around the front and back and across the front again to the opposite side. The fastenings consist of straps and buckles on both ends, the strap on the inside end passing through a slit in the waistband to be buckled on the outside. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...


The kilt covers the body from the waist down to just above the knees. The overlapping layers in front are called "aprons" and are flat; the single layer of fabric around the sides and back is pleated. Underwear may be worn, or not, as one prefers, and there is in fact no accepted tradition except in military usage.


Design and construction

Fabrics

The typical kilt as seen at modern Highland games events is made of twill woven worsted wool. The twill weave used for kilts is a 2-2 type, meaning that each weft thread passes over and under two warp threads at a time. The result is a distinctive diagonal weave pattern in the fabric which is called the twill line. This kind of twill, when woven according to a given color pattern, or sett (see below), is called tartan. In contrast, the Irish kilt traditionally was made from solid color cloth, with saffron or green being the most widely used colours.[1] Kilting fabric weights are given in ounces per yard. They run from the very heavy regimental worsted of approximately 18–21 oz. down to a light worsted of about 10–11 oz. The most common weights for kilts are 13 oz. and 16 oz. The heavier weights are more appropriate for cooler weather, while the lighter weights would tend to be selected for warmer weather or for active use, such as Highland dancing. Some patterns are available in only a few weights. A twill weave can easily be identified by its diagonal lines. ... Worsted is the name of a dick the cloth made from this yarn, as well as a yarn weight category. ... For other uses, see Wool (disambiguation). ... WEFT Champaign 90. ... WaRp. ... For the artificial athletic track surface, see tartan track. ...


A kilt for a typical adult uses about 6–8 yards of single-width (about 26–30 inches) or about 3–4 yards of double-width (about 54–60 inches) tartan fabric. Double width fabric is woven so that the pattern exactly matches on the selvage. Kilts are usually made without a hem because a hem would make the garment too bulky and cause it to hang incorrectly. The exact amount of fabric needed depends upon several factors including the size of the sett, the number of pleats put into the garment, and the size of the person. The Selvage of a piece of curtain fabric. ...


Setts (tartan patterns)

One of the most distinctive features of the authentic Scots kilt is the tartan pattern, or sett, it exhibits. The association of particular patterns with individual clans and families can be traced back perhaps one or two centuries. It was only in the Victorian era (19th century) that the system of named tartans we know today began to be systematically recorded and formalized, mostly by weaving companies for mercantile purposes. Today there are also tartans for districts, counties, countries, societies and corporations, There are also setts for States and Provinces, schools and universities, sporting activities, individuals, and commemorative and simple generic patterns that anybody can wear. See History of the kilt for the process by which these associations came about. Setts are always arranged horizontally and vertically, never diagonally. They are specified by their thread counts, the sequence of colors and their units of width. As an example, the Wallace tartan has a thread count given as "K/4 R32 K32 Y/4" (K is black, R is red, and Y is yellow). This means that 4 units of black thread will be succeeded by 32 units of red, etc., in both the warp and the weft. Typically, the units are the actual number of threads, but as long as the proportions are maintained, the resulting pattern will be the same. This thread count also includes a pivot point indicated by the slash between the colour and thread number. The weaver is supposed to reverse the weaving sequence at the pivot point to create a mirror image of the pattern. This is called a symmetrical tartan. Some tartans, like Buchanan, are asymmetrical, which means they do not have a pivot point. The weaver weaves the sequence all the way through and then starts at the beginning again for the next sett. The history of the kilt stretches back to at least the end of the 16th century. ...


Setts are further characterized by their size, the number of inches (or centimetres) in one full repeat. The size of a given sett depends not only on the number of threads in the repeat, but also on the weight of the fabric. This is so because the heavier the fabric the thicker the threads will be, and thus the same number of threads of a heavier weight fabric will occupy more space. The colours given in the thread count are specified as in heraldry, although tartan patterns are not heraldic. The exact shade which is used is a matter of artistic freedom and will vary from one fabric mill to another as well as in dye lot to another within the same mill. Tartans are commercially woven in four standard colour variations that describe the overall tone. "Ancient" or "Old" colours are characterized by a slightly faded look intended to resemble the vegetable dyes that were once used. Ancient greens and blues are lighter while reds appear orange. "Modern" colours are bright and show off modern alkaline dyeing methods. The colours are bright red, dark hunter green, and usually navy blue. "Weathered" or "Reproduction" colours simulate the look of older cloth weathered by the elements. Greens turn to light brown, blues become gray, and reds are a deeper wine colour. The last colour variation is "Muted" which tends toward earth tones. The greens are olive, blues are slate blue, and red is an even deeper wine colour. This means that of the nearly 5,000 registered tartans available there are four possible colour variations for each, resulting in nearly 20,000 tartans. Heraldry in its most general sense encompasses all matters relating to the duties and responsibilities of officers of arms. ... Fabric may mean: Cloth, a flexible artificial material made up of a network of natural or artificial fibres Fabric (club), a London dance club Fibre Channel fabric, a network of Fibre Channel devices enabled by a Fibre Channel switch using the FC-SW topology This is a disambiguation page, a... The term mill, depending on context, can refer to: Mill (factory) – a place of business for making articles of manufacture; e. ... Look up dye in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Alkaline redirects here. ... Earth tone is a color scheme that draws from a color palette of browns, tans, greys and some reds. ...


Setts are registered with the Scottish Tartans Authority which maintains a collection of fabric samples characterized by name and thread count. In all, there are approximately 5000 registered tartans. Although many tartans are added every year, most of the registered patterns available today were created in the 19th century by commercial weavers who had a large variety of colours to work with. The rise of Highland romanticism and the growing Anglicization of Scottish culture by the Victorians at the time led to registering tartans with clan names. Before that, most of these patterns were more connected to geographical regions than to any clan. There is therefore nothing symbolic about the colours, and nothing about the patterns is a reflection of the status of the wearer. The Scottish Tartans Authority was formed in 1996 by Scotlands leading weavers and tartan retailers to compile and maintain the International Tartan Index to record and document all known historical tartans and to provide a free, dependable and accountable information resource for the public and a register for the...


Measurements

Although cheaper kilts can be obtained in standard sizes, a quality kilt is tailored to the individual proportions of the wearer. At least three measurements, the waist, hips, and length of the kilt, are usually required. Sometimes the rise (distance above the waist) or the fall (distance from waistline to the widest part of the hips) is also required.


If the kilt is being ordered from a distance, kilt makers will supply instructions and a diagram explaining how the measurements should be taken for the kilt to fit properly. Most will also recommend that another person do the actual measuring, especially for the length. Prospective kilt purchasers should follow the measurement instructions as detailed by the kilt maker of their choice.


Pleating and stitching

Pleating to the stripe
Pleating to the stripe

A kilt can be pleated with either box or knife pleats. A knife pleat is a simple fold, while the box pleat is bulkier, consisting of two knife pleats back-to-back. Knife pleats are the most common in modern civilian kilts. Regimental traditions vary. The Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders use box pleats, while the Black Watch make their kilts of the same tartan with knife pleats. These traditions were also passed on to affiliated regiments in the Commonwealth, and were retained in successor battalions to these regiments in the amalgamated Royal Regiment of Scotland. Image File history File linksMetadata Kilt_pleats_002. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Kilt_pleats_002. ... Skirt with narrow knife pleats at the hip line, 1929. ... Skirt with narrow knife pleats at the hip line, 1929. ... The Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders was an infantry regiment of the British Army, part of the Scottish Division. ... For other uses, see Black Watch (disambiguation). ... The Commonwealth of Nations as of 2007 Headquarters Marlborough House, London, UK Official languages English Membership 53 sovereign states Leaders  -  Queen Elizabeth II  -  Secretary-General Kamalesh Sharma Appointed 24 November 2007 Establishment  -  Balfour Declaration 18 November 1926   -  Statute of Westminster 11 December 1931   -  London Declaration 28 April 1949  Area  -  Total... Symbol of the Austrian 14th Armoured Battalion in NATO military graphic symbols This article is about the military unit. ... The Royal Regiment of Scotland is the senior and only Scottish line infantry regiment of the British Army Infantry. ...


Pleats can be arranged relative to the pattern in two ways. In pleating to the stripe, a vertical stripe is selected and the fabric is folded so that this stripe runs down the center of each pleat. The result is that along the back and sides of the kilt horizontal bands appear which look different from the front than from the back. This is often called military pleating because it is the style adopted by many military regiments. It is also widely used by pipe bands.

Pleating to the sett
Pleating to the sett

In pleating to the sett the fabric is folded so that the pattern of the sett is repeated all around the kilt (especially in the waistband). This is done by taking up one full sett in each pleat, or two full setts if they are small. This causes the kilt to look much the same from both front and back. Image File history File linksMetadata Kilt_pleats_001. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Kilt_pleats_001. ...


Any pleat is characterized by depth and width. The portion of the pleat that protrudes under the overlying pleat is the size or width. The pleat width is selected based on the size of the sett and the amount of fabric to be used in constructing the kilt, and will generally vary from about 1/2" to about 3/4".


The depth is the part of the pleat which is folded under the overlying pleat. It depends solely on the size of the tartan sett even when pleating to the stripe, since the sett determines the spacing of the stripes.


The number of pleats used in making the kilt depends upon how much material is to be used in constructing the garment and upon the size of the sett.


The pleats across the fell are tapered slightly since the wearer's waist will usually be narrower than his hips and the pleats are usually stitched down either by machine or by hand.

Highland dancer. Note that the action of the kilt is dependent on the way the kilt is constructed.
Highland dancer. Note that the action of the kilt is dependent on the way the kilt is constructed.

In Highland dancing, it is easy to see the effect of the stitching on the action of the kilt. The kilt hugs the dancer's body from the waist down to the hipline and, from there, in response to the dancer's movements, it breaks sharply out. The way the kilt moves in response to the dance steps is an important part of the dance. If the pleats were not stitched down in this portion of the kilt, the action, or movement, would be quite different. Image File history File linksMetadata Highland_Dance_002. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Highland_Dance_002. ...

Kilt care

As the kilt is made of wool, it should not simply be cleaned in a washing machine along with other laundry. Instead, there are two main methods by which a kilt can be laundered: dry cleaning and hand laundering in cold or lukewarm water. For other uses, see Wool (disambiguation). ...


Expert recommendations differ on the better of these two methods. Tewksbury and Stuehmeyer, in The Art of Kiltmaking, advise strongly against having the garment dry cleaned, stating that "dry cleaning leaves a subtle residue on the kilt" and, as a result, it "will soil more easily after it has been dry-cleaned", but Matthew Newsome, Curator of the Scottish Tartans Museum in North Carolina (USA), states that "it is best to dry clean" the kilt, feeling that the kilt does not come into direct contact with the skin for very long and thus will not readily soil.


In between wearings, the kilt should first be aired out and then hung in a closet. One way to hang the kilt is to use a skirt hanger with large clasps. The kilt is first folded twice in half along the waist line. Then the skirt hanger is used to clasp the top of the kilt before it is hung in the closet. If moths are a problem, it can be hung with a cedar cache or strips of cedar wood.


Occasionally, the pleats may need to be re-pressed and this requires care. The authors of The Art of Kiltmaking advise that the pleats should be basted down before pressing so as to keep the pleats as straight as possible from the bottom of the fell to the bottom of the kilt, thus preserving the look of the sett when the kilt is worn. In sewing, to tack or baste is to make quick, temporary stitching intended to be removed. ...


It is also advisable to remove the leather straps from a kilt, as dry cleaning chemicals can be very hard on leather and can cause it to discolour and even become brittle over time. A waterproofing grease such as mink oil, and gentle washing in cool water, are an effective defence against this effect.


Altering a kilt

The fell of a kilt
The fell of a kilt

A properly made kilt, when buckled on the tightest holes of the straps, should not be so loose that the wearer can easily twist the kilt around the body, nor should it be so tight that it causes "scalloping" of the fabric where it is buckled. Image File history File linksMetadata Kilt_stitching_001. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Kilt_stitching_001. ... Genera See text. ...


Additionally, the length of the kilt when buckled at the waist should be such that the kilt extends to within an inch or so of the top of the kneecap. If it does not reach this point it is either too long or too short. The patella or kneecap is a thick, triangular bone which articulates with the femur and covers and protects the front of the knee joint. ...


Kilt too small or too large

Commonly, the kilt will be made with four holes in the straps and will be intended to fit on the second tightest hole. This allows at least some room for weight loss or gain.


If the holes on the straps are insufficient to accommodate weight changes, then one could move the straps and buckles, both the buckles at the over-apron waist and those at the hip and the under-apron strap.


Kilts are often also made with extra material in the kick pleats or apron edges to accommodate alteration of the garment, although it is not advisable to reconstruct a kilt too much as it was made to a certain size originally. Some kiltmakers will take a kilt completely apart and alter it. This is advisable if the work required would cost a quarter of the price of a new kilt.


Kilt too long or too short

As mentioned above in the section on measurements, the kilt is normally tailored so that the bottom edge of the kilt falls at the middle of the kneecap. At Highland Games gatherings, it is not uncommon to see kilts being worn whose bottom edge falls somewhat below this level. Such a kilt may need to be shortened. However, before embarking on what could be an expensive alteration, it is well to determine whether this alteration is actually needed. One common problem here is that the wearer is wearing the kilt on the hips and not at the waist as intended. First make sure that the kilt is being worn properly and only then determine whether an alteration in length is required.


If the kilt is made on the selvage, as is normally the case for an adult, it can be shortened by hemming it. This works best with the lighter weight fabrics (as otherwise there may be a visible hem). The other common way to shorten the kilt is to take material off the waistline. This requires removing the stitches from the rise (that portion, about a couple of inches in length, which lies above the true waist) and maybe also a portion of the fell, removing the excess material, and re-stitching.


One problem with this method is that you are altering the size of the kilt and you need to re-stitch all of the pleats by an inch or two. There is a simpler and more effective method of shortening the kilt without affecting its original fit by creating a new selvage. This can be done by using a sewing machine to sew a tight zig-zag stitch at the point where you wish to crop the kilt, then treating the stitch with an anti-fraying glue. Once it has dried, you cut off the material below the stitch. You will need to clean up a few loose threads, but this does create a new selvage edge that is quite strong.


Normally, a kilt is made without a hem, instead being made on the selvage. One common exception to this rule is a kilt for a young and growing child (many Highland dancers fall into this category). Here the kilt is often hemmed so that as the child grows, the hem can be let out to accommodate the growth by lengthening the garment. A young highland dancer demonstrates her form in the Scottish sword at the 2005 Bellingham (Washington) Highland Games The term Highland dancing is used today to refer to a style of athletic solo dancing which evolved into its current form during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries in the context of...


Northumbrian kilt

The Northumbrian kilt is almost identical to the Scottish Kilt, but usually of plainer weave and less colourful[2]. Although of a cross-weave, the fabrics used are not a true tartan. Plain monocolour weaves or Northumbrian tartan are popular choices. The Northumbrian (or Shepherd) Tartan has a history dating back to Roman times. ...


Irish kilt

An Irish pipe band wearing kilts
An Irish pipe band wearing kilts

Starting with Dál Riata, the Scots and the Irish have been closely entwined peoples. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixelsFull resolution (2268 × 1512 pixel, file size: 993 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixelsFull resolution (2268 × 1512 pixel, file size: 993 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Dál Riata (also Dalriada or Dalriata) was a Goidelic kingdom on the western seaboard of Scotland and the northern coasts of Ireland, situated in the traditional Scottish and Northern Irish counties of Argyll, Bute and County Antrim. ... This article is about the Scottish as an ethnic group. ...


Though the origins of the kilt are disputed, it can be said with some good deal of assurance that it originated in the Scottish Highlands and Isles by possible Irish settlers. It could have been developed by Scots, Irish, Norse Gaels, or possibly all together. This article is about the country. ... Lowland-Highland divide Highland Sign with welcome in English and Gaelic The Scottish Highlands (A Ghàidhealtachd in Gaelic) include the rugged and mountainous regions of Scotland north and west of the Highland Boundary Fault. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... The Norse-Gaels were a people who dominated much of the Irish Sea region and western Scotland for a large part of the Middle Ages, whose aristocracy were mainly of Scandinavian origin, but as a whole exhibited a great deal of Gaelic and Norse cultural syncretism. ...


In contrast to the Scottish kilt, the Irish Lein-croich traditionally was made from solid colour cloth, with saffron and green being the most widely used colours. Solid colored Irish kilts can often be seen in 19th and early 20th century photos in Ireland especially at political and musical gatherings. The kilt was used as a symbol of Gaelic nationalism in Ireland during this period. Tweed kilts were also not uncommon in both Scotland and Ireland and have been popular with sportsmen, fishermen, and hunters.


Many "Irish County" tartans were designed by Polly Wittering, first produced in 1996 by the House of Edgar, of Perth in Scotland. Marton Mills in West Yorkshire came up with an "Irish County Crest Collection" of county tartans. There are also a number of "Irish District" tartans most of which are recent designs by Lochcarron of Scotland. The Ulster tartan is one of the oldest registered Irish tartans. It was found by a farmer, W.G. Dixon, in County Londonderry in 1956 as he uncovered pieces of clothing made from the design. The Belfast Museum and Art Gallery dated the material from between the 1590s to 1650s. Its exact origins are unknown, but it is likely that came from a Scottish pioneer during the beginning of the Ulster plantation period when the Scots first came in great numbers to Ulster. [3] There are other generic Irish tartans including the Irish National, St. Patrick's, Tara, and Clodagh. Some Irish family tartans have been appearing over the years, although these are few at the moment more are being created. O'Brien, Sullivan, Murphy, Fitzpatrick, and Forde are fairly common examples of Irish family tartans. Perth (Scottish Gaelic: ) is a royal burgh in central Scotland. ...


In present day Ireland the kilt is still seen very much as being primarily Scottish, and the current crop of county and district tartans are largely unknown in Ireland and indeed difficult to obtain, having been designed and marketed primarily with the Irish-American market in mind. As they have neither been designed or manufactured in Ireland itself it is questionable as to whether they can be strictly described as Irish. [4] In the book District Tartans by Gordon Teall of Teallach and Philip D Smith Jr (ISBN 0 85683 085 2) only three tartans are identified as being distinctly Irish, these are Ulster,[5] Tara,[6] and Clodagh.[7] As noted above the Ulster tartan originates from around 1590–1650 and is probably Scottish in origin. [8] The Tara was first noted around 1880 and was originally called Murphy. The Clodagh has an earliest date of 1971 with uncertainty as to its original designer or first appearance.


On a day-to-day basis kilt wearing is rarely if ever encountered. Within the world of Irish dancing the boy's kilt has been largely abandoned, especially since the worldwide popularity of Riverdance and the revival and interest in Irish dancing generally. [9] There are exceptions to these trends in Ireland. A vibrant piping scene in Ireland means that there are many kilted bands throughout the whole of Ireland particularly in the north of the island. The vast majority of these bands wear tartan kilts, the solid colour saffron kilt being almost exclusively the preserve of the pipe bands of the Republic's Defence Forces and the British Army's Irish regiments.


Welsh kilt

A Welsh Kilt (Welsh: Cilt) is a type of kilt worn in Wales and by Welshmen. Although not considered a traditional component of Welsh national dress, the kilt has become recently popular in the Celtic nations as a sign of Celtic identity. Kilts and tartans can therefore also be seen in Cornwall, Devon, the Isle of Man, Brittany, the Tras-os-Montes region in the North of Portugal, and Galicia in Spain, as well as England, particularly the North East and South West. Nowadays with Welsh nationalism on the rise and a resurgence of Welsh national pride, kilts (or cilts in Welsh) are being worn more and more by Welshmen. This article is about the country. ... The Welsh (Cymry) are an ethnic group or nation associated with Wales and the Welsh language, which is a Celtic language. ... The Six Nations considered the heartland of the modern Celts Celtic nations are areas of Europe inhabited by members of Celtic cultures, specifically speakers of Celtic languages. ... For other uses, see Cornwall (disambiguation). ... Part of the seafront of Torquay, south Devon, at high tide Devon is a large county in South West England, bordered by Cornwall to the west, and Dorset and Somerset to the east. ... Historical province of Brittany, showing the main areas with their name in Breton language The traditional flag of Brittany (the Gwenn-ha-du), formerly a Breton nationalist symbol but today used as a general civic flag in the region. ... Photo of the village of Urjais, concelho of Chaves, by J.B. Cesar Tras-os-Montes is a historical province of Portugal located in the northeastern corner of the country. ... Galicia (Spain) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Section from Shepherds map of the British Isles about 802 AD showing the kingdom of Northumbria Northumbria is primarily the name of a petty kingdom of Angles which was formed in Great Britain at the beginning of the 7th century, from two smaller kingdoms of Bernicia and Diera, and... The term Westcountry could to refer one of two things: The South West England ITV franchise holder: Westcountry Television. ... Welsh nationalism is a popular political and cultural movement that emerged during the nineteenth-century. ...


The St David's Tartan or brithwe Dewi Sant is one of the most popular tartans in Wales, but individual family tartans are being produced, despite there being little evidence that the Welsh (or any other Celtic nation for that matter) traditionally used tartan to identify families. Williams, Jones, Thomas, Evans, and Davies are among the most popular tartans and common names in Wales. The Welsh National tartan was designed by D.M. Richards in 1967 to demonstrate Wales' connection with the greater Celtic world. Its colours (green, red, and white) are the colours of the Welsh national flag. Example of the St Davids Tartan chosen by the majority of people in a poll, admired the fact that it featured all of the Wales Flag colours in it. ... This article is about the European people. ...


Although they are generally seen these days in formal settings like weddings, there has been an increase in the number of people wearing their kilt to a rugby or football match, paired with a jersey rather than a formal jacket. For other uses, see Rugby (disambiguation). ... A player (wearing the red kit) has penetrated the defence (in the white kit) and is taking a shot at goal. ...


Contemporary kilt

Comtemporary kilts are becoming increasingly popular in the USA and Canada. These non-traditional kilts come a range of styles, including leather, casual (denim, cordoroy, and cotton), formal or casual dress, athletic, hunting, white or blue collar work, and outdoor recreational kilts. This article is about the material denim. ... For other uses, see Cotton (disambiguation). ...


Styles of kilt wear

Kilt worn with the less formal Argyll jacket, and belt.
Kilt worn with the less formal Argyll jacket, and belt.

Today most Scotsmen see the kilt as formal dress or ceremonial dress. For Scotsmen, the kilt is usually worn with a Prince Albert or an Argyll jacket. Irishmen on the other hand commonly wear the Brian Boru or the Kilkenny jacket with the kilt. They are often worn at weddings or other formal occasions, while there are still a few people who wear them daily. The kilt is also used for parades by groups such as the Scouts, and in many places the kilt is seen in force at Highland games and pipe band championships as well as being worn at Scottish country dances and ceilidhs. Inchture1999_4_17 This picture is a personal photo — it depicts the uploader — and may be considered PD. This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder. ... Inchture1999_4_17 This picture is a personal photo — it depicts the uploader — and may be considered PD. This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder. ... This article is about the country. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Ceremonial dress is the clothing worn for very special occasions, such as coronations, graduations, parades, religious rites, and trials. ... A true colour image of Ireland, captured by a NASA satellite on January 4, 2003. ... This article is about the Boy Scouts and Girl Scouts/Girl Guides organizations. ... Opening ceremonies of 2004 Canmore Highland games Highland games are events held throughout the year in Scotland and other countries as a way of celebrating Scottish and Celtic culture and heritage, especially that of the Scottish Highlands. ... The Simon Fraser University Pipe Band, winner of 4 World Pipe Band Championships in the past decade, in competition at the 2005 Bellingham Highland Games A pipe band is a musical ensemble consisting of pipers and drummers. ... Scottish country dancing at the 2005 Skagit Valley Highland Games in Mount Vernon, Washington Scottish country dancing, SCD or reeling is a form of social dance involving groups of mixed couples of dancers tracing progressive patterns according to a predetermined choreography. ... Céilí (Irish reformed spelling), or Ceilidh (Scottish and older Gaelic spelling), pronounced Kay-Lee in either case, is the traditional Gaelic social dance in Ireland and Scotland. ...


Certain regiments/units of the British Army and armies of other Commonwealth nations (including Australia, Canada, New Zealand and South Africa) still continue to wear the kilt as part of dress or duty uniform, though they have not been used in combat since 1944. Uniforms in which the kilt is worn include Ceremonial Dress, Service Dress, and Barracks Dress. The kilt is considered appropriate for ceremonial parades, office duties, less formal parades, walking out, mess dinners, and classroom instruction/band practice. Ceremonial kilts have also been developed for the U.S. Marine Corps and U.S. Coast Guard. The British Army is the land armed forces branch of the British Armed Forces. ... United States Marine Corps Emblem The United States Marine Corps (USMC) is the second smallest of the five branches of the United States armed forces, with 170,000 active and 40,000 reserve Marines as of 2002. ... Coast Guard shield The United States Coast Guard is the coast guard of the United States. ...


The kilt has become normal wear for formal occasions, for example being hired for weddings in much the same way as top hat and tails are in England or dinner jackets in America, and the kilt is being worn by anyone regardless of nationality or descent. Although a white tie style exists, the more common style of formal Highland regalia is seen in Black tie or Red Sea rig. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Red Sea rig, sometimes known as Gulf Rig or Schooner Rig, is a dress code for Semi-formal evening events, which in general consists of black tie attire with the jacket removed, a red bow tie and red cummerbund, although there are local variations. ...


The kilt has also become increasingly common around the world for casual wear, for example with the Jacobite shirt. It's not uncommon to see kilts making an appearance at Irish pubs, and it is becoming somewhat less rare to see them in the workplace.[3] Casual use of the kilt dressed down with lace-up boots or moccasins, and with tee shirts or golf shirts, is becoming increasingly more familiar at Highland Games. The kilt is associated with a sense of Scottish national pride and will often be seen being worn, along with a football top, when members of the Tartan Army are watching a football or rugby match. The small ornamental Sgian Dubh dagger is often omitted where security concerns are paramount (for example, they are not allowed on commercial aircraft). For the same reasons, the traditional Sgian Dubh is sometimes substituted by a plastic alternative, as its use is now largely ornamental (with only the hilt showing over the top of the hose). A kit is the standard equipment and attire worn by players in association football (soccer). ... The Tartan Army are travelling supporters of the Scottish national football team. ... A player (wearing the red kit) has penetrated the defence (in the white kit) and is taking a shot at goal. ... For other uses, see Rugby (disambiguation). ... The Sgian Dubh (pronounced skeen doo, IPA /ski:n du:/, or lightly diphthongised /skian/) is a ceremonial dagger (Gaelic sgian) worn as part of the modern Scottish Highland dress along with the kilt. ...


See also

An example of the eclectic style often seen at modern-day Highland Games gatherings The modern, tailored kilt which is ubiquitous at Highland Games gatherings around the world has associated with it an evolving style of wear. ... The history of the kilt stretches back to at least the end of the 16th century. ... An added form of a pleated cloth in the same tartan as the kilt, cast over the left shoulder and fastened in front of the shoulder with a plaid brooch. ... A bagpiper and member of the Queens Bands wearing a full plaid in traditional highland dress. ...

External links

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Kilts

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References

  1. ^ Rules of the British Columbia Pipers Association - in which "acceptable highland dress" for solo pipers and pipe bands is specified
  2. ^ Costuming regulations of the Scottish Official Board of Highland Dancing
  3. ^ Andrew Bolton, Bravehearts: Men in Skirts (Victoria & Albert Museum, London, 2003 ISBN 0-8109-6558-5)
  • Barbara Tewksbury and Elsie Stuehmeyer, The Art of Kiltmaking (Celtic Dragon Press, Rome, NY, 2001 ISBN 0-9703751-0-7)
  • J. Charles Thompson, So You're Going to Wear the Kilt (Heraldic Art Press, Arlington, VA, 1979 ISBN 0-86228-017-6)
  • Gordon Teall of Teallach and Philip D Smith Jr, District Tartans (Shepheard-Walwyn London, UK 1992 ISBN 0 85683 085 2)

  Results from FactBites:
 
Kilt - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (3325 words)
For Scotsmen, the kilt is usually worn with a Prince Charles or an Argyll jacket.
The kilt is also used for parades by groups such as the Scouts, and in many places the kilt is seen in force at Highland games and pipe band championships as well as being worn at Scottish country dances and ceilidhs.
The kilt has become normal wear for formal occasions, for example being hired for weddings in much the same way as top hat and tails are in England or dinner jackets in America, and the kilt is being worn by anyone regardless of nationality or descent.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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