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Encyclopedia > Kilkenny Castle
Kilkenny Castle
Kilkenny Castle

Kilkenny Castle is a castle in Kilkenny, Ireland. It was the seat of the Butler family. Formerly the family name was FitzWalter. The castle was sold to the Irish government in the middle of the 20th century for £50. It has since been refurbished and is open to visitors. Part of the National Art Gallery is on display in the castle. There are ornamental gardens on the town side of the castle, and extensive land and gardens to the front. Photo of Kilkenny castle taken by Michael Rogers 2002. ... Photo of Kilkenny castle taken by Michael Rogers 2002. ... A castle (from the Latin castellum) is a structure that is fortified for defence against an enemy and generally serves as a military headquarters dominating the surrounding countryside[1]. The term is most often applied to a small self-contained fortress, usually of the Middle Ages. ... WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: 52. ... (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999...


Kilkenny castle was the venue for the meeting of the General Assembly, or parliament, of the Confederate Ireland government in the 1640s. Kilkenny Castle, where the Confederate General Assembly met. ...


Awards and conferring ceremonies of the graduates of "Kilkenny Campus" of National University of Ireland, Maynooth have been held at the castle since 2002. The National University of Ireland, Maynooth (NUIM) was founded in 1997 by the Universities Act, 1997 as a constituent university of the National University of Ireland. ...


History

Interior courtyard
Interior courtyard

The present castle is located on a prominent vantage point at a bend in the rive Nore. This strategic site was where the local kings; O'Carrolls (0840 AD), O'Dunphys, Fitzpatricks, had their castle(s) prior to the Norman invasion. Richard de Clare (also known as Strongbow) built the first Norman tower on the site in 1172. Twenty year's later, de Clare's son-in-law, William Marshal, Earl of Pembroke, built the first stone castle on the site, of which three towers still remain. The entrance was through the (now missing) east wall. Various other features of the original castle have also been excavated, including original stone buttressing and a toilet chute. Photo of Kilkenny castle taken by Michael Rogers 2002. ... Photo of Kilkenny castle taken by Michael Rogers 2002. ... OCarroll is an Irish family name with significant historical importance. ... Son of Gilbert de Clare, 1st Earl of Pembroke and Isabel de Beaumont, Richard was an Anglo-Norman lord notable in supporting Henry II of England in Ireland. ... William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke (1146–1219) was an English aristocrat and statesman. ...

Rear view of the castle
Rear view of the castle

The Butler family arrived in Ireland with the Norman invasion, changing their name from Walter in 1185. By 1391, the family had become wealthy, and James Butler, 3rd Earl of Ormonde, bought the castle and established himself as ruler of the area. The Butler dynasty then ruled the surrounding area for over five hundred years. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1024x571, 94 KB) A rear (west) view of Kilkenny Castle in Ireland. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1024x571, 94 KB) A rear (west) view of Kilkenny Castle in Ireland. ... A tower house near Quin. ...


In the 17th century, the castle came into the hands of Elizabeth Preston, wife of then Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, another James Butler, also 12th Earl and 1st Duke of Ormonde. Butler unlike most of his family, was a Protestant and throughout the Irish Confederate Wars of the 1640s, was the representative of Charles I in Ireland. However his castle became the capital of a Catholic rebel movement, Confederate Ireland, whose parliament or "Supreme Council" met in Kilkenny Castle from 1642-48. Omonde himself was based in Dublin at this time. The east wall and the north east tower of the Castle were damaged in 1650 during the siege of Kilkenny by Oliver Cromwell during the Cromwellian conquest of Ireland. They were later torn down. Then, in 1661, the castle was remodelled as a "modern" château by Butler after his return from exile. A new entrance gateway in the south wall was built around this time. James Butler, 1st Duke of Ormonde (October 19, 1610–July 21, 1688), was an Anglo-Irish statesman and soldier. ... The Irish Confederate Wars were fought in Ireland between 1641 and 1653. ... Charles I (19 November 1600 – 30 January 1649) was King of England, Scotland, and Ireland, from 27 March 1625 until his execution in 1649. ... Kilkenny Castle, where the Confederate General Assembly met. ... Oliver Cromwell (April 25, 1599 – September 3, 1658) was an English military and political leader, considered by some critics to be a dictator, best known for making England a republic and leading the Commonwealth of England. ... Oliver Cromwell landed in Ireland with his New Model Army on behalf of the English Parliament in 1649. ...

The castle seen from the nearby River Nore.
The castle seen from the nearby River Nore.

By the 18th century, the castle had become run down, reflecting the failing fortunes of the Butler family. However, some restoration was carried out by Anne Wandesford of Castlecomer, who brought wealth back into the family upon marrying John Butler, 17th Earl of Ormonde. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1024x565, 159 KB) View of Kilkenny Castle in Ireland from the nearby river (name unknown to me). ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1024x565, 159 KB) View of Kilkenny Castle in Ireland from the nearby river (name unknown to me). ... The River Nore is one of the Three Sisters rivers in the Republic of Ireland. ...


In the 19th century, the Butlers then attempted to restore it to its original "medieval" appearance, also rebuilding the north wing and extending the south curtain wall. More extensions were added in 1854.


During the Civil War in 1922, Republicans were besieged in the Castle by Irish forces. The Ormonde's together with their pet Pekinese, chose to remain in situ in their bedroom over the great gate, which was the main focus of attack. There was a machine gun outside their door. One man was injured but a great deal of damage was inflicted on the castle which took many years to repair[1].


The Butler family remained living in the castle until 1935, when they sold its contents for £6,000, moved to London and abandoned it for thirty years. The impact of rising taxes, death duties, economic depression and living costs had taken their toll. While the Ormonde's had received £22,000 in rental income in the 1880's, investment income in the 1930's was in the region of £9,000 and by 1950 these investments yielded only £850. They disposed of the bulk of their tenanted estates in Tipperary and Kilkenny, 21,000 acres, by 1915 for £240,000. Death duties and expenses following the death of James Butler, 3rd Marquess of Ormonde in 1919 amounted to £166,000[2]. Vice-Adm. ...


However, in 1967, Arthur Butler, 6th Marquess and 24th Earl of Ormonde, sold the abandoned and deteriorating castle to the Castle Restoration Committee for £50, with the historic statement: "The people of Kilkenny, as well as myself and my family, feel a great pride in the Castle, and we have not liked to see this deterioration. We determined that it should not be allowed to fall into ruins. There are already too many ruins in Ireland." He also bought the land in front of the castle from the trustees "in order that it should never be built on and the castle would be seen in all its dignity and splendour". James Arthur Norman Butler, 6th Marquess of Ormonde, C.V.O. M.C. was born on 25 April 1893 and died in 1971. ...


The rest of the 20th century saw a large amount of restoration and maintenance take place, as well as the castle being opened to visitors[3].


References

  1. ^ Melosina Lenox-Conyngham. "An Irishman's Diary", The Irish Times, 2006-08-21.
  2. ^ Dooley, Terence (2001). The Decline of the Big House in Ireland. Wolfound Press Ltd. ISBN 0-86327-850-7.
  3. ^ Kilkenny Castle Guide. Kilkenny Information Age. Retrieved on 2006-08-22.

2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... August 21 is the 233rd day of the year (234th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... August 22 is the 234th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (235th in leap years), with 131 days remaining. ...

External links

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Wikimedia Commons logo by Reid Beels The Wikimedia Commons (also called Commons or Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ... dublin castle tower File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Áras an Uachtaráin (formerly the Viceregal Lodge) is the official residence of the President of Ireland, located in the Phoenix Park on the Northside of Dublin1. ... Allenstown House was a large 5-bay, 4 storey Georgian mansion in County Meath, Ireland. ... Ardbraccan House (known sometimes historically as Ardbraccan Palace) is a large Palladian county house in County Meath in the Republic of Ireland. ... Ardgillan Castle (Ardgillan Demesne) is a large country house in Balbriggan Dublin with castellated embellishments. ... Ashford Castle is a medieval castle near Cong in County Mayo on the shore of Lough Corrib. ... 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Doonagore Castle, overlooking Doolin and the Atlantic Ocean Doonagore Castle is a 14th Century round tower house with a small walled enclosure, located on the outskirts of the small, coastal town of Doolin in County Clare, Ireland. ... Drimnagh Castle is a Norman castle located in Drimnagh, a suburb of Dublin, Ireland. ... A large castle and five star hotel in County Clare, Ireland. ... Dublin Castle. ... Dunboy Castle was a stronghold of the OSullivan Bere, a Gaelic clan leader and Chief of Dunboy. The castle is located on the Beara Peninsula in south-west Ireland and was built to guard and defend the harbour of Bearhaven. ... Dunguaire Castle (Irish: Dún Guaire) is a 16th century tower house on the southeastern shore of Galway Bay in County Galway, Ireland, near Kinvara. ... 1885 Map showing the location of Durhamstown Castle Durhamstown Castle is a 500 year old towerhouse in County Meath in Ireland. ... 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Redwood Castle (also known as Egan Castle or Caislean Choillte Rua in Irish) is in Lorrha, County Tipperary, Ireland. ... Dun Masc or the fort of Masc, as it was known by the Celts, is one of the most historic sites in Ireland. ... Ross Castle Ross Castle Ross Castle is the ancestral home of the ODonoghue clan. ... Irish Palladianism. ... Slane Castle is a castle located in Slane village, County Meath, in the Republic of Ireland. ... Swords Castle was built as the manorial residence of the Archbishops of Dublin around 1200 or a little later. ... Trim Castle (Dublin Side) Trim Castle, [[Trim] (Baile Atha Troim in Irish)], Ireland has an area of 30,000 m². It is the remains of the largest castle in Europe, which was Norman in origin, built primarily by Hugh de Lacy and his son Walter. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Kilkenny, Ireland (County) - LoveToKnow 1911 (963 words)
KILKENNY, a county of Ireland, in the province of Leinster, bounded N. by Queen's County, E. by Carlow and Wexford, S. by Waterford, and W. by Waterford and Tipperary.
The chief towns and villages are Kilkenny (q.v.), Callan (1840), Castlecomer, Thomastown and Graigue.
Kilkenny is one of the counties generally considered to have been created by King John.
Kilkenny Castle - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (820 words)
Kilkenny Castle is a castle in Kilkenny, Ireland.
The castle was sold to the Irish government in the middle of the 20th century for £50.
Kilkenny castle was the venue for the meeting of the General Assembly, or parliament, of the Confederate Ireland government in the 1640s.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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