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Encyclopedia > Kievan Rus

Kievan Rus′ (Ки́евская Ру́сь, Kievskaya Rus in Russian (русский язык) Spoken in: Russia and many other countries Region: Eastern Europe and Asia Total speakers: 280 million Ranking: 4-7 Genetic classification: Indo-European  Slavic   East Slavic    Russian Official status Official language of... Russian; Київська Русь, Kyivs’ka Rus’ in The neutrality of this article is disputed. Please see the relevant discussion on the talk page. Ukrainian (українська мова / Ukraïnska Mova) Spoken in: Ukraine, Poland, Slovakia Region: Total speakers: 41 million Ranking: 26 Genetic classification: Indo... Ukrainian) was the early, mostly East Slavic¹ state dominated by the city of For other uses, see Kiev (disambiguation). Kiev (Київ, Kyiv, in The neutrality of this article is disputed. Please see the relevant discussion on the talk page. Ukrainian (українська мова / Ukraïnska Mova) Spoken in: Ukraine... Kiev (ru: Ки́ев, Kiev; uk: Ки́їв, Kyiv), from about For other uses, see number 880. Years: 876 877 878 879 - 880 - 881 882 883 884 Decades: 850s 860s 870s - 880s - 890s 900s 910s Centuries: 8th century - 9th century - 10th century Contents // 1 Events 2 Births 3 Deaths 4 Heads of states 5 See also Events Establishment of the kingdom... 880 to the middle of the (11th century - 12th century - 13th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 12th century was that century which lasted from 1101 to 1200. In the history of European culture, this period is considered part of the High Middle Ages. Contents // 1 Events 2 Significant... 12th century. The reigns of Detail of the Millenium of Russia monument in Novgorod (1862) representing St Vladimir and his family. Saint Vladimir Svyatoslavich the Great (c.958–1015) was the grand prince of Kiev who converted to Christianity in 988, and proceeded to baptise the whole Kievan Rus. His name is known in... St. Vladimir ( Years: 976 977 978 979 - 980 - 981 982 983 984 Decades: 950s 960s 970s - 980s - 990s 1000s 1010s Centuries: 9th century - 10th century - 11th century Events Births Emperor Ichijo of Japan Humbert I of Savoy Avicenna Godiva, Countess of Mercia Deaths Categories: 980 ... 980- Years: 1012 1013 1014 - 1015 - 1016 1017 1018 Decades: 980s 990s 1000s - 1010s - 1020s 1030s 1040s Centuries: 10th century - 11th century - 12th century 1015 state leaders Events August: Canute the Great invades England. Berserkers are banned in Norway. Olav Haraldsson becomes king of Norway. Sviatopolk succeeds Vladimir as prince of... 1015) and his son Yaroslav I the Wise (978?-1054) (Christian name: Yury, or George) was thrice prince of Novgorod and Kiev, uniting the two principalities for a time under his rule. During his lengthy reign, Kievan Rus reached a zenith of its cultural flowering and military power. His way to the throne Early... Yaroslav I the Wise ( Years: 1016 1017 1018 - 1019 - 1020 1021 1022 Decades: 980s 990s 1000s - 1010s - 1020s 1030s 1040s Centuries: 10th century - 11th century - 12th century 1019 state leaders Events Toi invasion: Jurchen pirates invade Kyushu. Japanese regent and statesman Fujiwara no Michinaga retires from public life, installing his son Yorimichi as regent... 1019- Years: 1051 1052 1053 - 1054 - 1055 1056 1057 Decades: 1020s 1030s 1040s - 1050s - 1060s 1070s 1080s Centuries: 10th century - 11th century - 12th century Events Cardinal Humbertus, a representative of Pope Leo IX, and Michael Cerularius, Patriarch of Constantinople, decree each others excommunication. Some historians look to this act as... 1054) constitute the Golden Age of Kiev, which saw the acceptance of Eastern Orthodoxy (also called Greek Orthodoxy and Russian Orthodoxy) is a Christian tradition which represents the majority of Eastern Christianity. During the first millennium of Christendom, differences developed between the Christian East and West. By the 11th century, this had culminated in a Great Schism, separating the Roman Catholic Church... Orthodox Christianity and the creation of the first east Slavic1 written legal code, the Russkaya Pravda (Russian Русская Правда) or Ruska Pravda (Ukrainian Руська Правда) was the legal code of later Kievan Rus and the subsequent East Slavic principalities during the times of... Russkaya Pravda.

Contents

Early History of Kievan Rus′

According to the The Russian Primary Chronicle (Russian: Повесть временных лет, Povest vremennykh let, which is often translated in English as Tale of Bygone Years), is a history of the early East Slavic state, Kievan Rus, from... Primary Chronicle, the earliest chronicle of Kievan Rus′, a This article is part of the Scandinavia series Viking Age Ting Kalmar Union Denmark-Norway Sweden-Norway Monetary Union Defense union Languages Mountains Peninsula Varangian Viking History of Sweden History of Norway History of Denmark The Varangians or Variags were Vikings who travelled eastwards from Sweden and Norway. Promoting trade... Varangian ( For other uses, see Viking can refer to: Viking Age - the name of the period between 793 A.D and 1066 A.D in Scandinavia Viking - the name of seafaring Scandinavians during the Viking Age (in the western trail) Varangian - the name of seafaring Scandinavians during the Viking Age (in... Viking) named Rurik or Riurik (held to be the same name as the Scandinavian Hroerekr) (ca 830 - ca 879) was a Varangian who gained control of Ladoga in 862 and built the Holmgard settlement (Rurikovo Gorodische) in Novgorod. The Varangians in Russia Contents // 1 History 2 Disputed origin 2.1 The Slavic... Rurik first established himself in For other cities named Novgorod see The name Novgorod is used for the following cities. Velikiy Novgorod, Russia (also known as simply Novgorod) Nizhny Novgorod, Russia Novhorod-Volynsky, Ukraine Novhorod-Siverskyy, Ukraine This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the... Novgorod (he was selected as common ruler by several The Slavic peoples are the most numerous ethnic and linguistic body of peoples in Europe. They speak Slavic languages and reside chiefly in the east of that continent, but are also found in Asia. Contents // 1 Ethno-cultural subdivisions 2 The Slavic homeland debates 3 Naming and etymologies 4 Early... Slavic and Due to the history of Finland and its neighbours, and the relatively small number of Finns, the term Finnish can cause confusion: It can indicate nationality of the Finns, usually acquired by birth in Finland It can indicate ethnicity, see Finnic, Ethnic Finn and Sweden-Finns It can also indicate... Finnish tribes) in about Years: 856 857 858 859 - 860 - 861 862 863 864 Decades: 830s 840s 850s - 860s - 870s 880s 890s Centuries: 8th century - 9th century - 10th century Events First attack on Constantinople by Swedish Vikings (the Rus, see Varangians). Ethelbert succeeds as king of Wessex. Byzantine missionaries Cyril and Methodius arrive in... 860 before moving south and extending his authority to For other uses, see Kiev (disambiguation). Kiev (Київ, Kyiv, in The neutrality of this article is disputed. Please see the relevant discussion on the talk page. Ukrainian (українська мова / Ukraïnska Mova) Spoken in: Ukraine... Kiev. The chronicle cites him as the progenitor of the The Rurik Dynasty was the ruling A dynasty is a family or extended family which retains political power across generations, or more generally, any organization which extends dominance in its field even as its particular members change. See also: family dictatorship. A series of dynasties dating back to the Xia... Rurik Dynasty. The Primary Chronicle says:

Upon year 6367 ( Years: 855 856 857 858 - 859 - 860 861 862 863 Decades: 820s 830s 840s - 850s - 860s 870s 880s Centuries: 8th century - 9th century - 10th century Events Battle of Abelda: Asturias beats the Muslims. Births Deaths Categories: 859 ... 859): Varangians from over the sea had tribute from The Chudes (Chuds, Chud) are people mentioned in Russian chronicles and folk-tales, assosiated with several peoples speaking Baltic Finnic languages, in particular with minority peoples speaking the Veps language in the Russian federation. The name chud may have been first mentioned by Jordanes in 550. The word Chud comes... Chuds, The Slavic peoples are the most numerous ethnic and linguistic body of peoples in Europe. They speak Slavic languages and reside chiefly in the east of that continent, but are also found in Asia. Contents // 1 Ethno-cultural subdivisions 2 The Slavic homeland debates 3 Naming and etymologies 4 Early... Slavs, The Meryas were a probably Finno-Ugric tribe which lived in the region of Moscow, Rostov, Kostroma, Jaroslavl and Vladimir. They may have been related to the Mari, or even more likely to the Mordvins and the Vepses between whom they lived. They were an old and important culture which... Merias, Vepses or vepsians are Finnic people that speak Veps language, which belongs to the Baltic-Finnic branch of Finno-ugric family. The self-names of these people in various dialects are vepslaine, bepslaane and (in Northern dialects, South-West of Lake Onega) ludi, ludilaine. In early Russian chronicles they are... Veses, This article or section should be merged with Kryvian The Krivichs (Кривичи́ in Russian, Крывічы́ in Belarusian or Krivichi), a tribe of Early East Slavs between the 6th and the 12th centuries, which inhabited the upper... Krivichs....
Upon year 6370 ( Years: 858 859 860 861 - 862 - 863 864 865 866 Decades: 830s 840s 850s - 860s - 870s 880s 890s Centuries: 8th century - 9th century - 10th century Events Rurik gained control of Novgorod. Fan Chuo finishes his Manchu (book of the southern tribes). Lothair, king of Lotharia divorces Teutberga and marries Waldrada... 862): [They] Drove the Varangians back beyond the sea, refused to pay them tribute, and set out to govern themselves. But there was no law among them, and tribe rose against tribe. Discord thus ensued among them, and they began to war one against the other. They said to themselves, "Let us seek a prince who may rule over us, and judge us according to custom." Thus they went overseas to the Varangians, to the Rus. These particular Varangians were called Rus, just as some are called Swedes, and others Normans and Angles, and still others Goths [Gotlanders], for they were thus named. The Chuds, the Slavs, the Krivichs and the Ves then said to the Rus, "Our land is great and rich, but there is no order in it. Come reign as princes, rule over us". Three brothers, with their kinfolk, volunteered. They took with them all the Rus and came.

These This article is part of the Scandinavia series Viking Age Ting Kalmar Union Denmark-Norway Sweden-Norway Monetary Union Defense union Languages Mountains Peninsula Varangian Viking History of Sweden History of Norway History of Denmark The Varangians or Variags were Vikings who travelled eastwards from Sweden and Norway. Promoting trade... Varangians first settled in Ladoga may refer to one of the following. Lake Ladoga: (Russian: Ладожское озеро) the Ladoga lake, bordering Republic of Karelia and Leningrad Oblast, Russia. Staraja Ladoga: (Russian: Старая Ладог... Ladoga, then moved southward to For other cities named Novgorod see The name Novgorod is used for the following cities. Velikiy Novgorod, Russia (also known as simply Novgorod) Nizhny Novgorod, Russia Novhorod-Volynsky, Ukraine Novhorod-Siverskyy, Ukraine This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the... Novgorod and finally expelled the [edit (http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Template:History_of_Russia&action=edit)] History of Russia Early East Slavs Khazars Kievan Rus Volga Bulgaria Mongol invasion Golden Horde Muscovy Imperial Russia Revolution of 1905 Revolution of 1917 Civil War Soviet Union Russian Federation The Khazars were a Turkic... Khazars from Kiev. The so-called Kievan Rus was founded by prince Prince Oleg ( This article is part of the Scandinavia series Viking Age Ting Kalmar Union Denmark-Norway Sweden-Norway Monetary Union Defense union Languages Mountains Peninsula Varangian Viking History of Sweden History of Norway History of Denmark Language classification Indo-European languages Germanic languages North Germanic languages A North Germanic... Oleg (Helgu in Khazarian records) about 880. During the next thirty-five years, Oleg and his warriors subdued the various Eastern Slavic and Fennic tribes. In Years: 903 904 905 906 - 907 - 908 909 910 911 Decades: 870s 880s 890s - 900s - 910s 920s 930s Centuries: 9th century - 10th century - 11th century Events Oleg lead Kievan Rus in a campaign against Constantinople Yeluu Abaoji establishes Liao (Khitan) dynasty Births Deaths Categories: 907 ... 907, Oleg led an attack against Map of Constantinople. Constantinople (Roman name: Constantinopolis; This article needs cleanup. Please edit this article to conform to a higher standard of article quality. The neutrality of this article is disputed. Please see the relevant discussion on the talk page. Modern Greek is the present vernacular language of Greece (also... Constantinople, and in This article is about the year 911 A.D. For other uses, see 911 (disambiguation). Years: 907 908 909 910 - 911 - 912 913 914 915 Decades: 880s 890s 900s - 910s - 920s 930s 940s Centuries: 9th century - 10th century - 11th century Events Lower Seine area is ceded to Scandinavian invaders as... 911 he signed a commercial treaty with the The Byzantine Empire is the term conventionally used to describe the The Roman Empire is not the Holy Roman Empire (843-1806). Roman Empire between AD 60 and 400 with major cities. During this time only Dacia and Mesopotamia were added to the Empire but were lost before 300. The... Byzantine Empire as an equal partner. The new Kievan state prospered because it controlled the trade route from the The Baltic Sea is located in Northern Europe is a name for the northern part of the European continent. At different times this region has been defined differently but today it is generally seen to include: the Nordic countries, i.e. Sweden, Norway, Denmark, Finland and Iceland. the Baltic States... Baltic Sea to the Download high resolution version (1300x1000, 315 KB)Satellite image of the Black Sea Source: http://visibleearth.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/viewrecord?25334 Copyright info: http://visibleearth.nasa.gov/help.html This image page contains items that originally came from a NASA website or publication. All works created by NASA are... Black Sea and the The term the Orient literally refers simply to the rising of the sun, being derived from the Latin word oriens. It is used to mean the East. Similar terms are the French-derived Levant and Anatolia from the Greek anatole, two further locutions for the direction in which the sun... Orient and because it had an abundant supply of For alternative meanings, see Fur (disambiguation). The term fur refers to the body hair of non-human mammals also known as the pelage (like the term plumage in birds). True fur comes from animals where the coat consists of short ground hair, long guard hair, and, in some cases, medium... furs, Beeswax is a tough wax formed from a mixture of several compounds secreted by honeybees in the form of thin scales from glands on the ventral surface of the abdomen and used in building the honeycomb cells in which the young are raised and honey and pollen are stored. Approximately... beeswax, and for the 2003 movie starring Jessica Alba Jessica Alba (born April 28, 1981, in Pomona, California, USA) is a US-born actress. Of Mexican and French descent and raised in a nomadic military family, Jessica grew up a sports fanatic and terrorized her teachers and grandparents alike with her rebellious... honey for export.


Given the postulated pro-Scandinavian bias of the Russian Primary Chronicle, some Slavic historians have debated the role of the Varangians in the establishment of Kievan Rus′ (see Rus′). By the reign of Sviatoslav I, Prince of Kiev (c.945 - 972) was the warrior Varangian prince of Kiev, who carved out for himself the largest state in Europe and finally moved his capital to Pereyaslavets in Bulgaria in 969. Svyatoslavs return from the Danube to Kiev (1773). We have no information about... Svyatoslav (r. 945-972) Kievan rulers had adopted Slavic religion and names, but their druzhina still consisted primarily of Scandinavians. Svyatoslav's military conquests were astonishing: he dealt lethal blows to two of his strongest neighbours, Khazaria and the St Ivan of Rila, patron saint of Bulgaria The history of Bulgaria began in the 7th century CE with the arrival of the Bulgars in the Balkans. The Bulgars had been moving northwest across the Caucasus and what is now southern Russia and the Ukraine; their origin is not entirely... Bulgarian Empire, which collapsed soon after his raids.


The Golden Age of Kiev

The region of For other uses, see Kiev (disambiguation). Kiev (Київ, Kyiv, in The neutrality of this article is disputed. Please see the relevant discussion on the talk page. Ukrainian (українська мова / Ukraïnska Mova) Spoken in: Ukraine... Kiev dominated the state of Kievan Rus′ for the next two centuries. The grand prince (kniaz') of Kiev controlled the lands around the city, and his theoretically subordinate relatives ruled in other cities and paid him tribute. The zenith of the state's power came during the reigns of Detail of the Millenium of Russia monument in Novgorod (1862) representing St Vladimir and his family. Saint Vladimir Svyatoslavich the Great (c.958–1015) was the grand prince of Kiev who converted to Christianity in 988, and proceeded to baptise the whole Kievan Rus. His name is known in... Prince Vladimir (r. Years: 976 977 978 979 - 980 - 981 982 983 984 Decades: 950s 960s 970s - 980s - 990s 1000s 1010s Centuries: 9th century - 10th century - 11th century Events Births Emperor Ichijo of Japan Humbert I of Savoy Avicenna Godiva, Countess of Mercia Deaths Categories: 980 ... 980- Years: 1012 1013 1014 - 1015 - 1016 1017 1018 Decades: 980s 990s 1000s - 1010s - 1020s 1030s 1040s Centuries: 10th century - 11th century - 12th century 1015 state leaders Events August: Canute the Great invades England. Berserkers are banned in Norway. Olav Haraldsson becomes king of Norway. Sviatopolk succeeds Vladimir as prince of... 1015) and Yaroslav I the Wise (978?-1054) (Christian name: Yury, or George) was thrice prince of Novgorod and Kiev, uniting the two principalities for a time under his rule. During his lengthy reign, Kievan Rus reached a zenith of its cultural flowering and military power. His way to the throne Early... Prince Yaroslav (the Wise; r. Years: 1016 1017 1018 - 1019 - 1020 1021 1022 Decades: 980s 990s 1000s - 1010s - 1020s 1030s 1040s Centuries: 10th century - 11th century - 12th century 1019 state leaders Events Toi invasion: Jurchen pirates invade Kyushu. Japanese regent and statesman Fujiwara no Michinaga retires from public life, installing his son Yorimichi as regent... 1019- Years: 1051 1052 1053 - 1054 - 1055 1056 1057 Decades: 1020s 1030s 1040s - 1050s - 1060s 1070s 1080s Centuries: 10th century - 11th century - 12th century Events Cardinal Humbertus, a representative of Pope Leo IX, and Michael Cerularius, Patriarch of Constantinople, decree each others excommunication. Some historians look to this act as... 1054). Both rulers continued the steady expansion of Kievan Rus′ that had begun under Oleg. To enhance their power, Vladimir married the sister of the The Byzantine Empire is the term conventionally used to describe the The Roman Empire is not the Holy Roman Empire (843-1806). Roman Empire between AD 60 and 400 with major cities. During this time only Dacia and Mesopotamia were added to the Empire but were lost before 300. The... Byzantine emperor Painting of Basil II, from an 11th century manuscript. Basil II Bulgaroktonus (in Greek Basilios Bulgaroktonos, written Βασίλειος Βουλγαροκτόνος, lived 958_ December 15, 1025), Byzantine emperor (January 10, 976... Basil II. Yaroslav's granddaughter, Eupraxia the daughter of his son Kievan court in the times of Vsevolod I Vsevolod I Yaroslavich (1030 - 13 April 1093) ruled as grand prince of Kiev from 1076 until his death. He was the fourth and favourite son of Yaroslav I the Wise by Ingigerd Olafsdottir. To back up an armistice signed with the Byzantine... Vsevolod I, Prince of Kiev, was married to Henry III (1017-1056) was a member of the Salian (sometimes Franconian) dynasty of Holy Roman Emperors. Born in 1017, he became king of Germany upon the death of his father, the emperor Conrad II on June 4, 1039. He was crowned emperor by the Pope in 1046. Henry was... Henry III, Holy Roman Emperor. Yaroslav arranged marriages for his sister and three daughters to the kings of For other uses, see Poland is a country in Central Europe. Poland is also the name of some places in the United States of America: Poland, Maine Poland, New York Poland, Ohio This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the... Poland, The French Republic or France ( French (Français) Spoken in: The French Republic or France ( French (Fran ais) Spoken in: France and 53 other countries Region: Europe Total speakers: 128 million Ranking: 11 Genetic classification: Indo-European  Italic   Romance    Italo-Western   ... France, The Republic of Hungary (Magyar Köztársaság) or Hungary (Magyarország) is a A landlocked country is one that has no coastline. There are 42 landlocked countries in the world. A landlocked sea is a sea that is not connected to the oceans: the... Hungary, and For other uses, see Norway is the name of a European country: see Norway. Other Norways can be found in the United States of America: Norway, Indiana Norway, Iowa Norway, Maine Norway, Michigan Norway, New York Norway, Wisconsin See also Norway House, Manitoba. Also of possible interest: Norway Corporation was... Norway. Vladimir's greatest achievement was the The historical phenomenon of Christianization, the conversion of individuals to Christianity or the conversion of entire peoples at once (a political shift as much as a spontaneous mass shift in individual consciences), also includes the practice of converting pagan cult practices, pagan religious imagery, pagan sites and the pagan calendar... Christianization of Kievan Rus′, a process that began in Years: Years: 980 981 982 983 - 984 - 985 986 987 988 Decades: 950s 960s 970s - 980s - 990s 1000s 1010s Centuries: 9th century - 10th century - 11th century Events End of the reign of Emperor Enyu of Japan Emperor Kazan ascends to the throne of Japan Births Deaths Categories: 984 ... 984 Years... 988. He built the first great edifice of Kievan Rus′, the Desyatinnaya Church in Kiev. Yaroslav promulgated the first East Slavic law code, Russkaya Pravda (Russian Русская Правда) or Ruska Pravda (Ukrainian Руська Правда) was the legal code of later Kievan Rus and the subsequent East Slavic principalities during the times of... Russkaya Pravda (Justice of Rus′); built Present exterior is the result of 17th-century remodeling. Saint Sophia Cathedral in Kiev (Sobor Sviatoyi Sofiyi, Собор Святої Софії in Ukrainian) is an outstanding architectural monument of Kievan Rus and the principal cathedral or Kievan metropolitan... Saint Sophia Cathedral in Kiev and Saint Sophia Cathedral in Novgorod; patronized local clergy and monasticism; and is said to have founded a school system. Yaroslav's sons developed the great Categories: Ukraine-related stubs | Eastern Orthodoxy | Places in Ukraine | Kyiv city | UN World Heritage Sites ... Kiev Pecherski Monastery, which functioned in Kievan Rus′ as an ecclesiastical academy.


The annals of Rus¹ state that when Vladimir had decided to accept a new faith instead of the tradition idol-worship ( Paganism is a catch-all term which has come to bundle together (by extension from its original classical meaning of a pre-Christian religion) a very broad set of not necessarily compatible religious beliefs and practices that are usually, but not necessarily, characterized by polytheism and, less commonly, animism. Contents... paganism) of the Slavs, he sent out some of his most valued advisors and warriors as emissaries to different parts of Europe. After visiting the The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. Members generally prefer the term Catholic Church, but this term has multiple meanings (see Catholicism); the term Roman Catholic Church is used in this article to avoid... Roman Catholics, the The word Jew ( Hebrew (עברית [‘Ivrit]) Spoken in: Israel Region: Israel and other countries Total speakers: Over 6 million (as all Israeli Jewish citizens as well as its Arabs speak it) Ranking: not in top 100 Genetic classification: Afro-Asiatic  Semitic   Central... Jews and the A Muslim is a believer in or follower of This article forms part of the seriesIslam This article forms part of the seriesIslam Vocabulary of Islam Five Pillars Profession of faith Prayer · Alms · Fasting Pilgrimage to Mecca Jihad (See Sixth pillar of Islam) People Muhammad Prophets of Islam Caliph · Shia... Muslims, they finally arrived in Constantinople. There, they were so astounded by the beauty of the cathedral of For other uses, see Hagia Sophia (disambiguation). Hagia Sofia, Istanbul, Turkey, June 1994 The Church of the Holy Wisdom, variously known as Hagia Sophia (Άγια Σοφία) in Greek, Sancta Sophia in Latin or Ayasofya in Turkish, is a former Christian church, now a... Hagia Sophia and the liturgical service held there, that they had made up their minds there and then about the faith they would like to follow. Upon their arrival home, they convinced Vladimir that the faith of the Greeks was the best choice of all, upon which Vladimir made a journey to Constantinople and arranged a marriage between himself and the daughter of the Byzantine Emperor.


Vladimir's choice of Eastern Christianity may also have reflected his close personal ties with Map of Constantinople. Constantinople (Roman name: Constantinopolis; This article needs cleanup. Please edit this article to conform to a higher standard of article quality. The neutrality of this article is disputed. Please see the relevant discussion on the talk page. Modern Greek is the present vernacular language of Greece (also... Constantinople, which dominated the Download high resolution version (1300x1000, 315 KB)Satellite image of the Black Sea Source: http://visibleearth.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/viewrecord?25334 Copyright info: http://visibleearth.nasa.gov/help.html This image page contains items that originally came from a NASA website or publication. All works created by NASA are... Black Sea and hence trade on Kiev's most vital commercial route, the The Dnieper River (Belarusian: Дняпро/Dnyapro; Russian: Днепр/Dnepr; Ukrainian: Днiпро/Dnipro; Polish: Dniepr; Latin: Borysthenes, Danaper) is a river (2290 km length) which flows from Russia through Belarus and then Ukraine. In all three countries... Dnieper river. Adherence to the Eastern Orthodoxy (also called Greek Orthodoxy and Russian Orthodoxy) is a Christian tradition which represents the majority of Eastern Christianity. During the first millennium of Christendom, differences developed between the Christian East and West. By the 11th century, this had culminated in a Great Schism, separating the Roman Catholic Church... Eastern Orthodox Church had long-range political, cultural, and religious consequences. The church had a liturgy written in The Cyrillic alphabet (or azbuka, from the old name of the first letters) is an alphabet used to write six natural Slavic languages (Belarusian, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Russian, Serbian, and Ukrainian) and many other languages of the former Soviet Union, Asia and Eastern Europe. Letters of the Cyrillic alphabet А A... Cyrillic and a corpus of translations from the Greek that had been produced for the The Slavic peoples are the most numerous ethnic and linguistic body of peoples in Europe. They speak Slavic languages and reside chiefly in the east of that continent, but are also found in Asia. Contents // 1 Ethno-cultural subdivisions 2 The Slavic homeland debates 3 Naming and etymologies 4 Early... Slavic peoples. The existence of this literature facilitated the conversion to Christianity of the History of Russia series, History of Ukraine, and History of Belarus Early East Slavs Kievan Rus’ Volga Bulgaria Khazaria Mongol invasion Golden Horde Muscovy Imperial Russia Revolution of 1905 Revolution of 1917 Russian Civil War Soviet Union Russian Federation The East Slavs are the ethnic group that evolved into... Eastern Slavs and introduced them to rudimentary Classical (or early) Greek philosophy focused on the role of reason and inquiry. In many ways it paved the way both to modern science and to modern philosophy. Clear unbroken lines of influence lead from early Greek philosophers, through early Muslim philosophy to the Renaissance, the Enlightenment, and the secular... Greek philosophy, science, and Historiography is writing about rather than of history. Historiography is meta-analysis of descriptions of the past. The analysis usually focuses on the narrative, interpretations, worldview, use of evidence, or method of presentation of other historians. Contents // 1 Historians definition of historiography 2 An example 3 Basic issues studied in... historiography without the necessity of learning Greek (Ελληνικά) Spoken in: Greece, Cyprus, Albania and surrounding countries Region: The Balkans Total speakers: 12 million Ranking: 74 Genetic classification: Indo-European  Greek   Attic    Modern Greek Official status Official language of: Greece, Cyprus (and the European... Greek. In contrast, educated people in medieval Western Europe is distinguished from Central Europe and Eastern Europe by differences of history and culture rather than by geography. However, these boundaries of Europe are subject to considerable overlap and fluctuation, which makes differentiation difficult. Thus the concept of Western Europe is associated with liberal democracy; and its countries... Western and Historical lands and provinces in Central Europe Central Europe is the central region of Europe. There are no physical landmarks that would commonly be seen as its borders. Rather, it is a concept of shared history, in opposition against the East represented by the Ottoman Empire and Imperial Russia, and... Central Europe learned For other uses, see Latin (disambiguation). Latin was the language originally spoken in the region around Rome called Latium. It gained great importance as the formal language of the Roman Empire. All Romance languages are descended from Latin, and many words based on Latin are found in other modern languages... Latin. Enjoying independence from the Roman authority and free from tenets of Latin learning, the East Slavs developed their own literature and fine arts, quite distinct from those of other Orthodox countries. See Old East Slavic (руськъ) Spoken in: Eastern Europe Region: -- Total speakers: Extinct Ranking: -- Genetic classification: Indo-European  Slavic    East Slavic     Old East Slavic Official status Official language of: historical: Kievan Rus, Novgorod Republic Regulated by: -- Note: This... Old Russian literature and Old Russian architecture for details.


In the centuries that followed the state's foundation, Rurik or Riurik (held to be the same name as the Scandinavian Hroerekr) (ca 830 - ca 879) was a Varangian who gained control of Ladoga in 862 and built the Holmgard settlement (Rurikovo Gorodische) in Novgorod. The Varangians in Russia Contents // 1 History 2 Disputed origin 2.1 The Slavic... Rurik's descendants shared power over Kievan Rus′. Princely succession moved from elder to younger brother and from uncle to nephew, as well as from father to son. Junior members of the dynasty usually began their official careers as rulers of a minor district, progressed to more lucrative principalities, and then competed for the coveted throne of Kiev. In the (10th century - 11th century - 12th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 11th century was that century which lasted from 1001 to 1100. In the history of European culture, this period is considered part of the High Middle Ages. Contents // 1 Events 2 Significant... 11th century and the (11th century - 12th century - 13th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 12th century was that century which lasted from 1101 to 1200. In the history of European culture, this period is considered part of the High Middle Ages. Contents // 1 Events 2 Significant... 12th century, the princes and their retinues, which were a mixture of The Slavic peoples are the most numerous ethnic and linguistic body of peoples in Europe. They speak Slavic languages and reside chiefly in the east of that continent, but are also found in Asia. Contents // 1 Ethno-cultural subdivisions 2 The Slavic homeland debates 3 Naming and etymologies 4 Early... Slavic and This article is part of the Scandinavia series Viking Age Ting Kalmar Union Denmark-Norway Sweden-Norway Monetary Union Defense union Languages Mountains Peninsula Varangian Viking History of Sweden History of Norway History of Denmark For other uses, see Scandinavia (disambiguation). Scandinavia is the cultural and historic region of the... Scandinavian elites, dominated the society of Kievan Rus′. Leading soldiers and officials received income and land from the princes in return for their political and military services. Kievan society lacked the class institutions and autonomous towns that were typical of West European feudalism. Nevertheless, urban merchants, artisans, and laborers sometimes exercised political influence through a city assembly, the Removal of the veche bell from Novgorod to Moscow in 1478. Veche, Wiec (Russian: вече, Polish: wiec) was a popular assembly in medieval Slavic countries. The word veche/wiec is derived from an Old Slavic root viet, meaning council or talk. Veche in Rus The earliest mentions... veche (council), which included all the adult males in the population. In some cases, the veche either made agreements with their rulers or expelled them and invited others to take their place. At the bottom of society was a small stratum of slaves. More important was a class of tribute-paying peasants, who owed labor duty to the princes; the widespread personal Costumes of Slaves or Serfs, from the Sixth to the Twelfth Centuries, collected by H. de Vielcastel, from original Documents in the great Libraries of Europe. A serf is a laborer who is bound to the land. Serfs differ from slaves in that serfs cannot be sold apart from the... serfdom characteristic of Western Europe did not exist in Kievan Rus′, however.


The Rise of Regional Centers

Kievan Rus′ was not able to maintain its position as a powerful and prosperous state, in part because of the amalgamation of disparate lands under the control of a ruling clan. As the members of that clan became more numerous, they identified themselves with regional interests rather than with the larger patrimony. Thus, the princes fought among themselves, frequently forming alliances with outside groups such as the The Cumans, also known as Polovtsy (Slavic for yellowish) were a nomadic West This is the Shortcut: WP:D or WP:DAB Disambiguation in Wikipedia and Wikimedia is the process of resolving the conflict that occurs when articles about two or more different topics have the same natural title. Wikipedia... Polovtsians, You may also be looking for the plural of the word pole. The Poles are a western Slavic ethnic group primarily associated with Poland and the Polish language. There are around 38 million Poles in Poland as well as autochthonous Polish minorities in the surrounding countries such as Germany, Lithuania... Poles, and This article is about the Magyar people. For the Magyar language, see Hungarian (Magyar) Spoken in: Hungary and 10 other countries Region: Total speakers: 14.5 million Ranking: 66 Genetic classification: Ural-Altaic (disputed)  Uralic   Finno-Ugric    Ugric     Hungarian Official... Hungarians. The Crusade Series First Crusade Peoples Crusade German Crusade, 1096 Crusade of 1101 Second Crusade Third Crusade Fourth Crusade Albigensian Crusade Childrens Crusade Fifth Crusade Sixth Crusade Seventh Crusade Shepherds Crusade Eighth Crusade Ninth Crusade Northern Crusades This article is about historical Crusades . For other uses, see Crusade (disambiguation... Crusades brought a shift in European trade routes that accelerated the decline of Kievan Rus′. In Years: 1201 1202 1203 - 1204 - 1205 1206 1207 Decades: 1170s 1180s 1190s - 1200s - 1210s 1220s 1230s Centuries: 12th century - 13th century - 14th century Events February - Byzantine emperor Alexius IV is overthrown in a revolution, and Alexius V is proclaimed emperor. April 12 - The Fourth Crusade take Constantinople by storm, and... 1204 the forces of the Crusade Series First Crusade Peoples Crusade German Crusade, 1096 Crusade of 1101 Second Crusade Third Crusade Fourth Crusade Albigensian Crusade Childrens Crusade Fifth Crusade Sixth Crusade Seventh Crusade Shepherds Crusade Eighth Crusade Ninth Crusade Northern Crusades The Fourth Crusade (1202-1204), originally designed to conquer Egypt, instead, in... Fourth Crusade sacked Constantinople, making the The Dnieper River (Belarusian: Дняпро/Dnyapro; Russian: Днепр/Dnepr; Ukrainian: Днiпро/Dnipro; Polish: Dniepr; Latin: Borysthenes, Danaper) is a river (2290 km length) which flows from Russia through Belarus and then Ukraine. In all three countries... Dnieper trade route marginal. As it declined, Kievan Rus′ splintered into many principalities and several large regional centers: For other cities named Novgorod see The name Novgorod is used for the following cities. Velikiy Novgorod, Russia (also known as simply Novgorod) Nizhny Novgorod, Russia Novhorod-Volynsky, Ukraine Novhorod-Siverskyy, Ukraine This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the... Novgorod, Vladimir-Suzdal Principality, Vladimir-Suzdal Rus (Владимирско-Суздальская Русь), or Vladimir-Suzdal Grand Duchy (Влади́миро-Су́... Vladimir-Suzdal, Halych (Галич in Ukrainian or Russian [pronounced Halych and Galich]; Halicz in Polish; העליטש [Helitsh or Heylitsh] in Yiddish) is a town in Ukraine. It was the capital of historic Galicia from its foundation in the mid-11th century until the... Halych, Polatsk (Belarusian: По́лацак, По́лацк; Polish: Połock, also spelt as Polacak; Russian: По́лоцк, also transliterated as Polotsk, Polotzk, Polock) is the most historic city in Belarus, situated on the Dvina... Polotsk, The view of Smolensk in 1912 Smolensk (Russian: Смоленск; Polish Smoleńsk) is a city in western Russia, located on the Dniepr river at 54.79° North, 32.05° East, administrative center of Smolensk Oblast. Its population in 2003 is 351,100... Smolensk, Chernihiv (Чернігів in The neutrality of this article is disputed. Please see the relevant discussion on the talk page. Ukrainian (українська мова / Ukraïnska Mova) Spoken in: Ukraine, Poland, Slovakia Region... Chernigov, and Pereyaslavl can refer to: Pereyaslavl-Zalessky - a town in the Yaroslavl Oblast in Russia (was Pereyaslavl until the 15th century). Pereyaslavl Ryazansky - renamed Ryazan in 1778. Pereiaslav-Khmelnytskyi - a town in Kyivska oblast in Ukraine (was Pereyaslav(l) until 1943). Historically, it was also called Pereyaslavl Russkiy... Pereyaslavl. The inhabitants of those regional centers then evolved into three nationalities: The Ukrainians are a Slavic people of central-eastern Europe. They are the descendants of several peoples who inhabited the vast area extending from north of the Black Sea to the borders of Russia, Poland, Moldova, Belarus and Slovakia. Ukraine had a very turbulent history, a fact justified by its... Ukrainians in the southeast and southwest, Belarusians, also spelt Belarusans, Belarussians, Byelorussians and Belorussians are a distinct ethnic group of East Slavs who are the major population of Belarus, also being minorities in the neighboring Poland (especially Bialystok province), Russia, Lithuania and Ukraine. Noticeable numbers are in emigration in the Canada. The prefix Bela can be... Belarusians in the northwest, and Russians (Русские - Russkie) are an East Slavic This article or section should be merged with ethnicity An ethnic group is a group of people who identify with one another, or are so identified by others, on the basis of a boundary that distinguishes them... Russians in the north and northeast.


Novgorod Republic

In the north, the The Novgorod Republic was an early republic that existed in the North-West territory of modern day Russia, in Novgorod lands between 1136 and 1478. It was known for its democratic traditions (veche) and limited power of knyaz. The city life was governed by electable posadnik, who was the mediator... Republic of Novgorod prospered as part of Kievan Rus′ because it controlled trade routes from the Volga redirects here. For other uses, see The name Volga can refer to a number of different things: The Volga River (Волга, Rha, İtil, İdel) in western Russia is the longest river in Europe. Volga (automobiles) is the name of a Russian brand of... Volga River to the The Baltic Sea is located in Northern Europe is a name for the northern part of the European continent. At different times this region has been defined differently but today it is generally seen to include: the Nordic countries, i.e. Sweden, Norway, Denmark, Finland and Iceland. the Baltic States... Baltic Sea. As Kievan Rus′ declined, Novgorod became more independent. A local oligarchy ruled Novgorod; major government decisions were made by a town assembly, which also elected a prince as the city's military leader. In the (11th century - 12th century - 13th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 12th century was that century which lasted from 1101 to 1200. In the history of European culture, this period is considered part of the High Middle Ages. Contents // 1 Events 2 Significant... 12th century, Novgorod acquired its own archbishop, a sign of increased importance and political independence. In its political structure and mercantile activities, Novgorod resembled the north European towns of the The foundations of the Hanseatic League (German: Hanse), an alliance of trading cities that for a time in the later Middle Ages and the Early Modern period maintained a trade monopoly over most of Northern Europe and the Baltic, can be seen as early as the 12th century, with the... Hanseatic League, the prosperous alliance that dominated the commercial activity of the The Baltic Sea The Baltic region (sometimes briefly The Baltics) is an ambiguous term used to denominate an arbitrary region connected to the Baltic Sea (also called The Baltics). The term Balticum has a more precise meaning but is not as common in Belarus, also known as White Russia. Denotation... Baltic region between the (12th century - 13th century - 14th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 13th century was that century which lasted from 1201 to 1300. In the history of European culture, this period is considered part of the High Middle Ages. Contents // 1 Events 2 Significant... 13th century and the (16th century - 17th century - 18th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 17th century was that century which lasted from 1601-1700. During this period, the power of England and the United Provinces increased; while that of Spain and Portugal declined. Similarly, the power... 17th century, more than the other principalities of Kievan Rus′.


North-East

In the northeast, Slavs colonized the territory that eventually became This article is about Muscovite Russia. For the duck see Muscovy Duck Muscovy Duck Muscovy Duck Scientific classification Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Class: Aves Order: Anseriformes Family: Anatidae Genus: Cairina Species: moschata Binomial name Cairina moschata (Linnaeus, 1758) The Muscovy Duck Cairina moschata is a large perching duck. It breeds... Muscovy by conquering the Finno-Ugric tribes already occupying the area. The city of Rostov was the oldest center of the northeast, but it was supplanted first by Suzdal′ and then by the city of Vladimir (Влади́мир) is a city in Russia, administrative center of Vladimir Oblast. It is located on the river Klyazma in 200 km to the east of Moscow. Population: 298,000 inhabitants (2004). Vladimir is part of the touristic Golden ring of the... Vladimir, which become the capital of Vladimir-Suzdal′. There was recorded a large wave of Migration occurs when living things move from one biome to another. In most cases organisms migrate to avoid local shortages of food, usually caused by winter. Animals may also migrate to a certain location to breed, as is the case with some fish. The species that periodically migrate are called... migrations from Kiev region northward, to escape continuing excursions of the Turkic nomads from the "Wild Steppe". As the southern lands were being depopulated and more boyars, nobles, artisans arrived to the court at Vladimir, the combined Prince Albert of Monaco on the left represents a principality where he wields adminisitrative authority. Prince Charles of Wales represents a titular principality with no administrative authority. A principality is a monarchial feudatory or sovereign state, whose monarch is a prince or princess. The term is also sometimes used as... principality of Vladimir-Suzdal′ asserted itself as a major power in Kievan Rus′.


In Years: 1166 1167 1168 - 1169 - 1170 1171 1172 Decades: 1130s 1140s 1150s - 1160s - 1170s 1180s 1190s Centuries: 11th century - 12th century - 13th century Contents // 1 Events 2 Births 3 Deaths 4 Heads of states Events Prince Andrey Bogolyubskiy sacks the Kievan Rus capital Kiev. Start of the conquest of Ireland... 1169 Andrei Bogolyubsky (Андрей Боголюбский) (ca. 1111 – 1174) was a prince of Vladimir-Suzdal (after 1157). He was the son of Yuri Dolgorukii, who proclaimed Andrei a prince in Vishgorod (near Kiev). He left Vishgorod... Prince Andrey Bogolyubskiy of Vladimir-Suzdal′ dealt a severe blow to the waning power of Kievan Rus′ when his armies sacked the city of Kiev. Prince Andrey then installed his younger brother, who ruled briefly in Kiev while Andrey continued to rule his realm from Suzdal′. Thus, political power began to drift away from Kiev in the second half of the twelfth century. In Years: 1296 1297 1298 - 1299 - 1300 1301 1302 Decades: 1260s 1270s 1280s - 1290s - 1300s 1310s 1320s Centuries: 12th century - 13th century - 14th century 1299 state leaders Events First emperor of the Ottoman Empire is Osman I (1299-1326) The County of Holland is annexed by the County of Hainaut April... 1299, in the wake of the The Mongol Invasion of Russia was an invasion of the medieval state of Kievan Rus′ (Ки́евская Ру́сь, Kievskaya Rus in Russian (русский язык) Spoken in: Russia and many... Mongol invasion, the When the word metropolitan (from the Greek (Ελληνικά) Spoken in: Greece, Cyprus, Albania and surrounding countries Region: The Balkans Total speakers: 12 million Ranking: 74 Genetic classification: Indo-European  Greek   Attic    Modern Greek Official status Official language... metropolitan moved from Kiev to the city of Vladimir, and Vladimir-Suzdal′ replaced Kiev as a religious center for the northern regions.


South-West

To the southwest, the Prince Albert of Monaco on the left represents a principality where he wields adminisitrative authority. Prince Charles of Wales represents a titular principality with no administrative authority. A principality is a monarchial feudatory or sovereign state, whose monarch is a prince or princess. The term is also sometimes used as... principality of Galicia (Ukrainian: Галичина (Halychyna), Polish: Galicja, German: Galizien, Slovak: Halič, Romanian: Galiţia, Hungarian: Gácsország) is the name of a region of Central Europe. The region takes its name from the earliest regional capital, the city of Halicz in... Galicia had developed trade relations with its Polish, Hungarian, and The Republic of Lithuania (in Lithuanian (lietuvių kalba) Spoken in: Lithuania and 18 other countries Region: Eastern Europe Total speakers: 4 million Ranking: Genetic classification: Indo-European  Baltic   Eastern    Lithuanian Official status Official language of: Lithuania Regulated by: - Language codes ISO 639-1... Lithuanian neighbors and emerged as the local successor to Kievan Rus′. In the early thirteenth century, Prince Roman Mstislavich united the two previously separate principalities, conquered Kiev, and assumed the title of grand duke of Kievan Rus′. His son, Danylo King of Rus or Danylo of Galicia (properly Danylo Romanovich or Даниил Романович), (1201-1264) Knyaz of Halych (1205–1206, 1211–1212, 1229–1231, 1233–1235, 1238–1255), Peremyshl (1211, today... Prince Daniil (Danylo; r. Events In the topographic map of the Iberian Peninsula The Iberian Peninsula, or Iberia, is located in the extreme southwest of Europe. It is bordered on the south and east by the Mediterranean Sea, and on the north and west by the Atlantic Ocean. The Pyrenees form the northeast edge... 1238- Years: 1261 1262 1263 - 1264 - 1265 1266 1267 Decades: 1230s 1240s 1250s - 1260s - 1270s 1280s 1290s Centuries: 12th century - 13th century - 14th century 1264 state leaders Contents // 1 Events 2 Births 3 Deaths 4 Monarchs/Presidents Events May 12 - The Battle of Lewes begins (ends May 14). Merton College, Oxford... 1264) was the first ruler of Kievan Rus′ to accept a crown from the Roman For other uses, see Pope (disambiguation). Pope John Paul II has reigned since 22 Oct 1978. The Pope is the Catholic bishop and patriarch of Rome, and head of Roman Catholic Church and the Eastern Catholic Churches (note that the name within the communion is simply the one Holy Catholic... papacy, apparently doing so without breaking with Map of Constantinople. Constantinople (Roman name: Constantinopolis; This article needs cleanup. Please edit this article to conform to a higher standard of article quality. The neutrality of this article is disputed. Please see the relevant discussion on the talk page. Modern Greek is the present vernacular language of Greece (also... Constantinople. Early in the (13th century - 14th century - 15th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 14th century was that century which lasted from 1301 to 1400. Contents // 1 Events 2 Significant people 3 Inventions, discoveries, introductions 4 Decades and years Events The transition from the Medieval Warm... 14th century, the patriarch of the Eastern Orthodoxy (also called Greek Orthodoxy and Russian Orthodoxy) is a Christian tradition which represents the majority of Eastern Christianity. During the first millennium of Christendom, differences developed between the Christian East and West. By the 11th century, this had culminated in a Great Schism, separating the Roman Catholic Church... Eastern Orthodox Church in Constantinople granted the rulers of Halych-Volynia principality was the Ruthenian successor state of Kievan Rus on the territory of Rus menora (Rus propria) including the lands of Red Ruthenia, Black Ruthenia, and the remainder of southwestern Rus. This state also briefly controlled the region of Bessarabia and Moldavia. Among the rulers of this state... Galicia-Volhynia a metropolitan to compensate for the move of the Kievan metropolitan to Vladimir. Lithuainian rulers also requested and received a metropolitan for Novagrudok shortly afterwards. Early in the 15th century, these Metropolia were ruled again from Kiev by the "Metropolitan of Kiev, Halych and all Rus′".


However, a long and unsuccessful struggle against the Mongols combined with internal opposition to the prince, and foreign intervention weakened Galicia-Volhynia. With the end of the Mstislavich branch of the Rurikids in the mid-fourteenth century, Galicia-Volhynia ceased to exist; Poland conquered There are two well-known places called Galicia: Galicia in Western Europe, an Atlantic Ocean region in Spain. Galicia in Central Europe, a historical region which is currently divided between Poland and Ukraine. See also Gaul in France, Belgium and northern Italy Galatia in Turkey Galati (county) in Romania This... Galicia; Lithuania took Volhynia (Wołyń in Polish; Волинь, Volyn’ in Ukrainian; also called Volynia, Volyň in Czech) comprises the historic region in western Ukraine located between the rivers Pripyat and Western Bug. The area has one of the oldest Slavic settlements in Europe... Volhynia, including Kiev. Lithuanian rulers were then listed as the monarchs of Rus′.


Notes

Note 1: People speaking East Slavic dialects were known from 9th century as Rus (also referred to as ancient Russians or Ruthenians). Later, they diverged into three major nations — modern Belarusians, Russians, and Ukrainians, and also into several minor ethnic groups, including Carpatho-Ruthenians.


Related articles

  • Rus' (people)
  • De Administrando Imperio is a scholarly work from ca. Years: Years: 942 943 944 945 - 946 - 947 948 949 950 Decades: 910s 920s 930s - 940s - 950s 960s 970s Centuries: 9th century - 10th century - 11th century Events Eadred I succeeds his brother as king of England End of the reign of... De Administrando Imperio
  • Rulers of Kievan Rus'
  • Russkaya Pravda (Russian Русская Правда) or Ruska Pravda (Ukrainian Руська Правда) was the legal code of later Kievan Rus and the subsequent East Slavic principalities during the times of... Russkaya Pravda

References

  • This article incorporates The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. (Proprietary interest is typically represented by a copyright or patent.) Such works and inventions are considered part of... public domain text from the The Country Studies are works published by the Federal Research Division of the Library of Congress, Jefferson building The Library of Congress is one of four official national libraries of the United States (along with the National Library of Medicine, National Agricultural Library, and National Archives and Records Administration). Originally... Library of Congress Country Studies. - Russia (http://lcweb2.loc.gov/frd/cs/rutoc.html)

External Links

  • Graphic History of Kievan Rus from c.800 to 988 (Large file size) (http://www.kievanrus.tk)

  Results from FactBites:
 
Kievan Rus' (1369 words)
Kievan Rus' was the early Russian state dominated by the city of Kiev from about 860 to the middle of the 12th century.
Kievan Rus' was not able to maintain its position as a powerful and prosperous state, in part because of the amalgamation of disparate lands under the control of a ruling clan.
In 1299, in the wake of the Mongol invasion, the metropolitan of the Orthodox Church moved to the city of Vladimir, and Vladimir-Suzdal' replaced Kievan Rus' as the religious center.
Kievan Rus. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05 (468 words)
The reign (1019–54) of Vladimir’s son, Yaroslav the Wise, represented the political and cultural apex of Kievan Rus.
In 1169, Kiev was sacked and pillaged by the armies of Andrei Bogolubsky of Suzdal, and the final blow to the Kievan state came with the Mongol invasion (1237–40).
Ukrainian scholars consider Kievan Rus to be central to the history of the Ukraine.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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