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Encyclopedia > Kiev
Kyiv
Київ
Kiev
A monument to archangel Michael, the patron of Kiev, with Independence Square in the background
Official flag of Kyiv
Flag
Coat of arms of Kyiv
Coat of arms
Map of Ukraine with Kiev highlighted
Coordinates: 50°27′00″N 30°31′24″E / 50.45, 30.52333
Country Ukraine
Oblast Kiev City Municipality
Raion Municipality
Government
 - Mayor Leonid Chernovetskyi
Elevation 179 m (587 ft)
Population (2006)
 - City 4,450,968
 - Density 3,299/km² (8,544.4/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 - Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code 01xxx-04xxx
Area code(s) +380 44
License plate AA (before 2004: КА,КВ,КЕ,КН,КІ,KT)
Sister cities Ankara, Athens, Belgrade,
Brussels, Budapest, Chicago,
Chişinău, Edinburgh, Florence,
Helsinki, Kraków, Kyoto, Leipzig,
Minsk, Munich, Odense, Paris,
Pretoria, Riga, Rome,
Santiago de Chile, Sofia,
Stockholm, Tallinn, Tampere, Tbilisi,
Toronto, Toulouse, Warsaw,
Wuhan, Vienna, Vilnius, Yerevan
Website: http://www.kmr.gov.ua

Kiev, also Kyiv (Ukrainian: Київ , Kyyiv, IPA: [ˈkɪjiw]; Russian: Ки́ев , Kiyev; see also Cities' alternative names), is the capital and the largest city of Ukraine, located in the north central part of the country on the Dnieper river. In 2005 Kiev had 2,660,401 inhabitants,[1] and this figure continues to grow. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1491x1087, 200 KB)Source http://photo. ... Guido Renis archangel Michael (in the Capuchin church of Santa Maria della Concezione, Rome) tramples Satan. ... Maidan Nezalezhnosti (literally: Independence Square ) is a main square in Kyiv, capital city of Ukraine. ... Image File history File links Kyiv_flag. ... Image File history File links Kiew-city-COA.PNG File links The following pages link to this file: Kiev Template:Infobox Kiev Coat of Arms of Kiev User:Sashazlv/Kyiv ... Coat of Arms of Kiev The Coat of Arms of Kiev (Kyiv) features Archangel Michael, wielding a flaming sword and a shield in an azure field. ... Download high resolution version (1181x825, 16 KB) Map of Ukraine with highlighted Oblast made by Sven Teschke, Germany, 2004 --Steschke 09:23, 2004 Nov 8 (UTC) see also: english version: Image:Map_of_Ukraine_political_enwiki. ... Ukraine is subdivided into 24 oblasts (Ukrainian singular: область, oblast; plural області, oblasti), one autonomous republic (автономна республіка, avtonomna respublika), and two cities with special status (singular місто зі спеціальним статусом, misto zi spetsialnym statusom). ... Ukraine is subdivided into 24 oblasts (Ukrainian singular: область, oblast; plural області, oblasti), one autonomous republic (автономна республіка, avtonomna respublika), and two cities with special status (singular місто зі спеціальним статусом, misto zi spetsialnym statusom). ... Leonid Chernovetskyi (Ukrainian: ; b. ... Basic Definition In geography, the elevation of a geographic location is its height above mean sea level (or some other fixed point). ... The metre (American English:meter) is a measure of length. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... Population density by country, 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... A time zone is a region of the Earth that has adopted the same standard time, usually referred to as the local time. ... Eastern European Time Central Africa Time Israel Standard Time South Africa Standard Time Central European Summer Time West Africa Summer Time Category: ... Though DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... -12 | -11 | -10 | -9:30 | -9 | -8 | -7 | -6 | -5 | -4 | -3:30 | -3 | -2:30 | -2 | -1 | -0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... // Introduction A license plate, number plate or registration plate (often referred to simply as a plate, or colloquially tag) is a small metal or plastic plate attached to a motor vehicle for official identification purposes. ... Sign denoting twin towns of Neckarsulm, Germany Town twinning is a concept whereby towns or cities in geographically and politically distinct areas are paired with the goal of fostering human contact and cultural links. ... Ankara is the capital of Turkey and the countrys second largest city after Ä°stanbul. ... Athens (ancient Greek: αἱ Ἀθῆναι (plural), evolving into the modern αι Αθήναι in Greek until recently, and η Αθήνα nowadays (IPA : singular see below: Origin of the name ) is both the largest and the capital city of Greece, located in the Attica periphery. ... Location of Belgrade within Serbia Coordinates: Country Serbia District City of Belgrade Municipalities 17 Government  - Mayor Nenad Bogdanović (DS) (since 2004)  - Ruling parties DS/DSS/G17+ Area  - City 3,222. ... Nickname: Map showing the location of Brussels in Belgium Coordinates: , Country Belgium Region Brussels-Capital Region Founded 979 Founded (Region) June 18, 1989 Government  - Mayor (Municipality) Freddy Thielemans Area  - Region 162 km²  (62. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Flag Seal Nickname: The Windy City Motto: Urbs In Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location Location in Chicagoland and northern Illinois Coordinates , Government Country State Counties United States Illinois Cook, DuPage Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 606. ... Status Municipality Founded 1436 Area 635 km² Population (2004) 647,513 [1] - density 1,114 inh/km² - rank 1st Localities (total): 35 - cities 7 - communes 12 - unincorporated 16 Mayor Dorin Chirtoacă, since 2007 Council 51 members, since 2007 - Party of Communists of the Republic of Moldova 16 - Liberal Party (Moldova... , Edinburgh (() pronounced ; Scottish Gaelic: ) is the capital of Scotland and its second largest city. ... Florence (Italian: ) is the capital city of the region of Tuscany, Italy. ... Location of Helsinki in Northern Europe Coordinates: , Country Finland Province Southern Finland Region Uusimaa Sub-region Helsinki Charter 1550 Capital city 1812 Government  - City manager Jussi Pajunen Area  - City 187. ... Motto: Ex navicula navis (From a boat, a ship) Coordinates: , Country Poland Voivodeship Lesser Poland Powiat city county Gmina Kraków City Rights June 5th, 1257 Government  - Mayor Jacek Majchrowski Area  - City 326. ... Kyoto )   is a city in the central part of the island of HonshÅ«, Japan. ... Leipzig ( ; Sorbian/Lusatian: Lipsk from the Sorbian word for Tilia) is, with a population of over 506,000, the largest city in the federal state of Saxony, Germany. ... Location of Minsk, shown within the Minsk Voblast Coordinates: Country Subdivision Belarus Minsk Founded 1067 Government  - Mayor Mikhail Pavlov Area  - City 305. ... For other uses, see Munich (disambiguation). ... Odense is the third largest city in Denmark with 145,554 inhabitants (Odense city January 1, 2004) and the capital of the island of Funen. ... City flag City coat of arms Motto: Fluctuat nec mergitur (Latin: Tossed by the waves, she does not sink) The Eiffel Tower in Paris, as seen from the esplanade du Trocadéro. ... Motto: Praestantia Praevaleat Pretoria (May Pretoria Be Pre-eminent In Excellence) Country South Africa Province Gauteng Established 1855 Area  - City 1,644 km²  (634. ... Coordinates: Founded 1201 Government  - Mayor Jānis Birks Area  - City 307. ... Nickname: Motto: SPQR: Senatus Populusque Romanus Location of the city of Rome (yellow) within the Province of Rome (red) and region of Lazio (grey) Coordinates: Region Lazio Province Province of Rome Founded 21 April 753 BC Government  - Mayor Walter Veltroni Area  - City 1,285 km²  (580 sq mi)  - Urban 5... Satellite image of Santiago Santiago (full form Santiago de Chile) is the capital of Chile. ... Position of Sofia in Bulgaria Coordinates: , Country Bulgaria Province Sofia-City Government  - Mayor Boyko Borisov Area  - City 1,349 km²  (520. ... Nickname: Location of Stockholm in northern Europe Coordinates: , Country Sweden Municipality Stockholm Municipality County Stockholm Province Södermanland and Uppland Charter 13th century Government  - Mayor Kristina Axén Olin (m) Population (March 2007)  - City 786,509  - Density 4,160/km² (10,774. ... County Harju County Mayor Jüri Ratas Area 159. ... Tampere ( , Tammerfors in Swedish) is a city in southern Finland located between two lakes, Näsijärvi and Pyhäjärvi. ... Location of Tbilisi in Georgia Coordinates: , Country Georgia Established IV-III Millennium BC Government  - Mayor Giorgi (Gigi) Ugulava Area  - City 726 km²  (280. ... New city flag (Occitan cross) Traditional coat of arms Motto: (Occitan: For Toulouse, always more) Location Coordinates Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Administration Country Region Midi-Pyrénées Department Haute-Garonne (31) Intercommunality Community of Agglomeration of Greater Toulouse Mayor Jean-Luc Moudenc  (UMP) (since 2004) City Statistics Land... Motto: Contemnit procellas (It defies the storms) Semper invicta (Always invincible) Coordinates: , Country  Poland Voivodeship Masovia Powiat city county Gmina Warszawa Districts 18 boroughs City Rights turn of the 13th century Government  - Mayor Hanna Gronkiewicz-Waltz (PO) Area  - City 516. ... ‹ The template below (Expand) is being considered for deletion. ... “Wien” redirects here. ... Location Ethnographic region AukÅ¡taitija County Vilnius County Municipality Geographic coordinate system Number of elderates 20 General Information Capital of Lithuania Vilnius County Vilnius city municipality Vilnius district municipality Population About 600,000 in 2006 (1st) First mentioned 1323 Granted city rights 1387 Not to be confused with Vilnius city... Location of Yerevan in Armenia Coordinates: Country Armenia Established 782 BC Government  - Mayor Yervand Zakharyan Area  - City 227 km²  (87. ... Image File history File links Kyiv. ... Articles with similar titles include the NATO phonetic alphabet, which has also informally been called the “International Phonetic Alphabet”. For information on how to read IPA transcriptions of English words, see IPA chart for English. ... Image File history File links Ru-Kiev. ... Capital City is a 60-minute television show produced by Euston Films that ran for 13 episodes in 1989 on ITV. This drama focused on the lives of investment bankers in London living and working on the corporate trading floor for the fictional international bank Shane-Longman. ... This article is about the river. ...


Kiev is an important industrial, scientific, educational and cultural center of Eastern Europe. It is home to many high-tech industries, higher education institutions and world-famous historical landmarks. The city has an extensive infrastructure and highly developed system of public transport, including the Kiev Metro. Pre-1989 division between the West (grey) and Eastern Bloc (orange) superimposed on current national boundaries: Russia (dark orange), other countries of the former USSR (medium orange),members of the Warsaw pact (light orange), and other former Communist regimes not aligned with Moscow (lightest orange). ... The University of Cambridge is an institute of higher learning. ... Skytrain Bangkok. ... Official Logo The Kiev Metro (Ukrainian: ; Russian: ) is a metro system that is the mainstay of Kievs public transport. ...


The name Kiev is said to derive from the name of Kyi, one of four legendary founders of the city (brothers Kyi, Shchek, Khoryv and sister Lybid'). During its history, Kiev, one of the oldest cities in Eastern Europe, passed through several stages of great prominence and relative obscurity. The city is believed to have been founded in the 5th century as a trading post in the land of Early East Slavs. It gradually acquired eminence as the center of the East Slavic civilization, becoming in the tenth to twelfth centuries a political and cultural capital of Rus', a medieval East Slavic state. Completely destroyed during the Mongol invasion in 1240, the city lost most of its influence for the centuries to come. It was a provincial capital of marginal importance in the outskirts of the territories controlled by its powerful neighbors: first the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, followed by the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth and Russian Empire. The city prospered again during the Russian industrial revolution in the late 19th century. After the turbulent period following the Russian Revolution of 1917, from 1921 onwards Kiev was an important city of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic, and, since 1934, its capital. During World War II, the city again suffered significant damage, but quickly recovered in the post-war years remaining the third largest city of USSR. Kyi, Schek and Khoriv (Ukrainian: Кий, Щек і Хорив) three brothers, sometimes mentioned along with their sister Lybid (Либідь) who according to the Tale of Bygone Years were the founders of Kyiv. ... A monument to Archangel Michael, the protector of Kiev, with todays city in the background. ... Pre-1989 division between the West (grey) and Eastern Bloc (orange) superimposed on current national boundaries: Russia (dark orange), other countries of the former USSR (medium orange),members of the Warsaw pact (light orange), and other former Communist regimes not aligned with Moscow (lightest orange). ... The East Slavs are the ethnic group that evolved into the Russian, Ukrainian and Belarusian peoples. ... Rus’ (????, ) was a medieval East Slavic nation, which, according to the most popular (but by no means only) theory, may have taken its name from a ruling warrior class, possibly with Scandinavian roots. ... Coat of arms Map of the Kievan Rus′, 11th century Capital Kiev Religion Orthodox Christianity Government Monarchy Historical era Middle Ages  - Established 9th century  - Disestablished 12th century Currency Hryvnia Kievan Rus′ was an early, mostly East Slavic[1] state dominated by the city of Kiev from about 880 to the... The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times, beginning with the Renaissance. ... The Mongol Invasion of Rus was heralded by the Battle of the Kalka River (1223) between Subutais reconnaissance unit and the combined force of several princes of Rus. After fifteen years of peace, it was followed by Batu Khans full-scale invasion in 1237-40. ... The Grand Duchy of Lithuania (Lithuanian: , Ruthenian: Wialikaje Kniastwa Litowskaje, Ruskaje, Å»amojckaje, Belarusian: , Ukrainian: , Polish: , Latin: ) was an Eastern and Central European state of the 12th[1] /13th century until the 18th century. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Anthem God Save the Tsar! The Russian Empire in 1914 Capital Saint Petersburg Language(s) Russian Religion Russian Orthodoxy Government Monarchy Emperor  - 1721–1725 Peter the Great  - 1894–1917 Nicholas II History  - Accession of Peter I May 7, 1682 NS, April 27, 1682 OS²  - Empire proclaimed October 22, 1721 NS... The Industrial Revolution was a major shift of technological, socioeconomic, and cultural conditions that occurred in the late 18th century and early 19th century in some Western countries. ... Ukrainian territory was fought over by various factions after the Russian Revolution of 1917 and the First World War, which added the collapse of Austria-Hungary to that of the Imperial Russia. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... State motto (Ukrainian): Пролетарі всіх країн, єднайтеся! (Translated: Workers of the world, unite!) Official language None. ... Combatants Soviet Union,[1] Poland, Tannu Tuva (until 1944 incorporation with USSR), Mongolia Germany,[2] Italy (to 1943), Romania (to 1944), Finland (to 1944), Hungary, Slovakia, Croatia, Spain (to 1943, unofficial) Commanders Joseph Stalin, Aleksei Antonov, Ivan Konev, Rodion Malinovsky, Ivan Bagramyan, Kirill Meretskov, Ivan Petrov, Alexander Rodimtsev, Konstantin Rokossovsky...


Following the collapse of the Soviet Union and the Ukrainian independence of 1991, Kiev remained the capital of Ukraine. The rise of Gorbachev Although reform stalled between 1964–1982, the generational shift gave new momentum for reform. ... The territory of present-day Ukraine was a key centre of East Slavic culture in the Middle Ages, before being divided between a variety of powers. ...

Contents

Environment

Geography

Landsat 7 image of Kiev and the Dnieper River
Landsat 7 image of Kiev and the Dnieper River

Kiev is located on both sides of the Dnieper River, which flows south through the city towards the Black Sea. Its geographic coordinates are 50°27′00″N, 30°31′24″E. Geographically, Kiev belongs to the Polesia ecological zone (a part of the European mixed woods). However, the city's unique landscape distinguishes it from the surrounding region. The older right-bank (western) part of Kiev is represented by numerous woody hills, ravines and small rivers. It is a part of the larger Prydniprovska (near-Dnieper) upland adjoining the western bank of the Dnieper. The city expanded to the Dnieper's left-bank (to the east) only in the 20th century. Significant areas of the Dnieper valley were artificially sand-deposited, and are protected by dams. Image File history File links Kiev_L7_20010914. ... Image File history File links Kiev_L7_20010914. ... Landsat 7 is the latest satellite of the Landsat program. ... The Dnieper River (also known as: Dnepr, Dniapro, or Dnipro) is a river which flows from Russia, through Belarus and Ukraine, ending its flow in the Black Sea. ... NASA satellite image of the Black Sea Map of the Black Sea The Black Sea is an inland sea between southeastern Europe and Anatolia that is actually a distant arm of the Atlantic Ocean by way of the Mediterranean Sea. ... Polesie (Polish spelling; Polissya, Полісся in Ukrainian, Polesye, Полесье in Russian, Palyessye or Palesse, Пале́сьсе in Belarusian, formerly also Polesia in Latin) is one of the largest European swampy... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


The Dnieper River forms a branching system of tributaries, isles, and harbors within the city limits. The city is adjoined by the mouth of the Desna River and the Kiev Reservoir in the north, and the Kaniv Reservoir in the south. Both the Dnieper and Desna rivers are navigable at Kiev, although regulated by the reservoir shipping locks and limited by winter freeze-over. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Desna (Десна́) is a river in Russia and Ukraine, left tributary of Dnepr. ... Landsat satellite photo Map of the Kiev Reservoir. ... The Kaniv Reservoir (Ukrainian: ) is a water reservoir located on the Dnieper River in Ukraine. ... Table of geography, hydrography, and navigation, from the 1728 Cyclopaedia. ...


Climate

Kiev has a continental humid climate, although it has changed significantly during recent decades. The warmest months are June, July, and August, with mean temperatures of 13.8 to 24.8°C (56.9 to 76.7°F). The coldest are December, January, and February, with mean temperatures of −4.6 to -1.1°C (23.7 to 30.0°F). The highest ever temperature recorded in the city was 39.4°C (103.0°F) on 31 July 1936. The coldest temperature ever recorded in the city was -32.2°C (-26.0°F) on 7 & 9 February 1929. Snow cover usually lies from mid-November to the end of March, with the frost-free period lasting 180 days on average, but surpassing 200 days in recent years.[2] Regions containing a continental climate exist in portions of Northern Hemisphere continents, and also at higher elevations in certain other parts of the world. ... is the 212th day of the year (213th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1936 (MCMXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... February 7 is the 38th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... is the 40th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1929 (MCMXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Avg high °C (°F) -3 (27) -1 (30) 4 (40) 14 (57) 21 (69) 24 (74) 25 (76) 24 (75) 19 (66) 12 (54) 4 (40) 0 (32) 12 (53)
Avg low °C (°F) -8 (17) -7 (20) -2 (28) 5 (41) 11 (51) 14 (57) 15 (59) 14 (58) 10 (50) 5 (41) 0 (32) -5 (24) 4 (40)
Avg rainfall in mm (inches) 48 (1.9) 46 (1.8) 39 (1.5) 48 (1.9) 53 (2.1) 73 (2.9) 88 (3.5) 69 (2.7) 47 (1.8) 35 (1.4) 51 (2.0) 52 (2.0) 54 (2.1)
Source: World Weather Information Service[3]

History

Main article: History of Kiev

Kiev is one of the oldest and most important cities of Eastern Europe with a pivotal role in the development of the medieval East Slavic civilization as well as in the modern Ukrainian nation. A monument to Archangel Michael, the protector of Kiev, with todays city in the background. ... Pre-1989 division between the West (grey) and Eastern Bloc (orange) superimposed on current national boundaries: Russia (dark orange), other countries of the former USSR (medium orange),members of the Warsaw pact (light orange), and other former Communist regimes not aligned with Moscow (lightest orange). ... The East Slavs are a Slavic ethnic group, the speakers of East Slavic languages. ... Anthem Ще не вмерла України ні слава, ні воля(Ukrainian) shche ne vmerla Ukrayiny ni slava ni volya(transliteration) Ukraines glory has not yet perished, nor her freedom Ukraine() on the European continent() Capital (and largest city) Kiev (Kyiv) Official languages Ukrainian Government Semi-presidential system  -  President Viktor Yushchenko  -  Prime Minister Viktor Yanukovych Independence from the Soviet...


People have lived on the site of Kiev since before the existence of any historic records. The settlement at the site of the modern city may have been founded as early as the fifth or the sixth century AD.[4] With the exact time of city foundation being hard to determine, May 1982 was chosen to celebrate the city's 1,500th anniversary.


During the eighth and ninth centuries, Kiev was an outpost of the Khazar empire. Starting from some point during the late ninth century Kiev was ruled by the Varangian nobility and became the nucleus of the Rus' polity, which became known as Kievan Rus' during the Golden age of Kiev (eleventh to early twelfth centuries). In 1240 the Mongol invasion of Rus led by Batu Khan completely destroyed Kiev, an event that had a profound effect on the future of the city and the East Slavic civilization. At the time of the Mongol destruction, Kiev was reputed as one of the largest cities in the world, with a population exceeding one hundred thousand. The Khazars were a Turkic semi-nomadic people from Central Asia who adopted Judaism. ... The Varangians (Russian: Variags, Варяги) were Scandinavians who travelled eastwards, mainly from Jutland and Sweden. ... Originally Rus (Русь, Rus’) was a medieval country and state that comprised mostly Early East Slavs. ... Coat of arms Map of the Kievan Rus′, 11th century Capital Kiev Religion Orthodox Christianity Government Monarchy Historical era Middle Ages  - Established 9th century  - Disestablished 12th century Currency Hryvnia Kievan Rus′ was an early, mostly East Slavic[1] state dominated by the city of Kiev from about 880 to the... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Mongol Invasion of Rus was heralded by the Battle of the Kalka River (1223) between Subutais reconnaissance unit and the combined force of several princes of Rus. After fifteen years of peace, it was followed by Batu Khans full-scale invasion in 1237-40. ... Batu Khan (Russian: , Ukrainian: ) (c. ... The period of the Middle Ages has a special meaning in history of the Russian culture. ...


From 1362, the area, with a largely diminished city, was conquered by Gediminas for the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. From 1569 the city was controlled by the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, as a capital of Kijów Voivodeship, transferred by then to the Polish Crown. In the 17th century, was Kiev was transferred under rule of Russia. In the Russian Empire Kiev was a primary Christian center, the attraction of piligrims and the craddle of many of the empire's most important religious figures, but until the 19th century the city's commercial importance remained marginal. The Battle on the Irpen River (as referred to in historic chronicles) occurred in 1321 between the armies of Gediminas (Gedimin), the Grand Duke of Lithuania, and knyaz (prince) Stanislav of Kiev, allied with knyaz Oleg of Pereyaslavl and knyaz Roman of Bryansk. ... Gediminas, duke of Lithuania - engraving of XVII ct. ... The Grand Duchy of Lithuania (Lithuanian: , Ruthenian: Wialikaje Kniastwa Litowskaje, Ruskaje, Å»amojckaje, Belarusian: , Ukrainian: , Polish: , Latin: ) was an Eastern and Central European state of the 12th[1] /13th century until the 18th century. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Województwo Kijowskie coat of arms The Kijów (Kiev) Voivodeship (Polish: Województwo Kijowskie) was a unit of administrative division and local government in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania from the 14th century until 1569 and of the Kingdom of Poland from 1569 until 1793/1795. ... Crown of the Polish Kingdom, or just colloquially the Crown (Polish:Korona) is the archaic name for territories of Poland, distinguishing them from territories of Grand Duchy of Lithuania or vassal territories like Duchy of Prussia or Duchy of Courland, which had varying degrees of autonomy. ... Anthem God Save the Tsar! The Russian Empire in 1914 Capital Saint Petersburg Language(s) Russian Religion Russian Orthodoxy Government Monarchy Emperor  - 1721–1725 Peter the Great  - 1894–1917 Nicholas II History  - Accession of Peter I May 7, 1682 NS, April 27, 1682 OS²  - Empire proclaimed October 22, 1721 NS...

Kiev, as seen during World War II.
Kiev, as seen during World War II.

Kiev prospered again during the industrial revolution in the late nineteenth century when it became the third most important city of the Russian Empire, the major center of commerce of the Empire's southwest. In the turbulent period following the 1917 Russian Revolution, Kiev became the capital of several short-lived Ukrainian states and was caught in the middle of several conflicts: World War I, the Russian Civil War, and the Polish-Soviet War. From 1921 the city was a part of Ukrainian SSR, a founding republic of Soviet Union. In 1932-33 the city was affected by the devastating man-made famine known as Holodomor. While there was no famine for those who had ration cards distributed to workers, thousands of peasants from the rural areas were banned from the state food stores and were often dying on the streets.[5]. Since 1934, Kiev became the capital of Soviet Ukraine. The city boomed again during the years of the Soviet industrialization as it population grew rapidly and many industrial giants were built that exist to this day. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 508 pixel Image in higher resolution (1925 × 1223 pixel, file size: 958 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Kiev History of... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 508 pixel Image in higher resolution (1925 × 1223 pixel, file size: 958 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Kiev History of... Combatants Soviet Union,[1] Poland, Tannu Tuva (until 1944 incorporation with USSR), Mongolia Germany,[2] Italy (to 1943), Romania (to 1944), Finland (to 1944), Hungary, Slovakia, Croatia, Spain (to 1943, unofficial) Commanders Joseph Stalin, Aleksei Antonov, Ivan Konev, Rodion Malinovsky, Ivan Bagramyan, Kirill Meretskov, Ivan Petrov, Alexander Rodimtsev, Konstantin Rokossovsky... The Industrial Revolution was a major shift of technological, socioeconomic, and cultural conditions that occurred in the late 18th century and early 19th century in some Western countries. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Ukrainian Peoples Republic (Ukrainian: ), also sometimes translated as Ukrainian National Republic, abbreviated UNR (УНР), was a republic in part of the territory of modern Ukraine after the Russian Revolution, eventually headed by Symon Petliura. ... “The Great War ” redirects here. ... Combatants Red Army Latvian Reds Finnish Reds White Army Czech Legion Allied intervention UK France United States Japan Italy  Canada  Greece  Romania  Serbia New states Poland Finland  Latvia  Estonia  Lithuania Ukrainian Peoples Republic Green Army (Cossacks) Black Army (Anarchists) Blue Army (Peasants) Commanders Trotsky Mikhail Tukhachevsky Kamenev Budyonny Frunze... Combatants Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic Republic of Poland Ukrainian Peoples Republic Commanders Mikhail Tukhachevsky Semyon Budyonny Józef PiÅ‚sudski Edward Rydz-ÅšmigÅ‚y Strength 950,000 combatants 5,000,000 reserves 360,000 combatants 738,000 reserves Casualties Dead estimated at 100,000... State motto: Пролетарі всіх країн, єднайтеся! Official language None. ... Child victim of the Holodomor The Ukrainian famine (1932-1933) or Holodomor was one of the largest national catastrophes of the Ukrainian nation in modern history with direct loss of human life in the range of millions (estimates vary). ... State motto: Пролетарі всіх країн, єднайтеся! Official language None. ...


In World War II, the city again suffered significant damage, but quickly recovered in the post-war years, becoming once again the third most important city of the Soviet Union. The catastrophic accident at the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant located only some 100 km to the north from the city affected the city, which had surpassed two million inhabitants, but to a lesser extent than it was feared as the northward wind blew the most substantial radioactive debris away from the city. Combatants Soviet Union,[1] Poland, Tannu Tuva (until 1944 incorporation with USSR), Mongolia Germany,[2] Italy (to 1943), Romania (to 1944), Finland (to 1944), Hungary, Slovakia, Croatia, Spain (to 1943, unofficial) Commanders Joseph Stalin, Aleksei Antonov, Ivan Konev, Rodion Malinovsky, Ivan Bagramyan, Kirill Meretskov, Ivan Petrov, Alexander Rodimtsev, Konstantin Rokossovsky... Chernobyl reactor number four after the disaster, showing the extensive damage to the main reactor hall (image center) and turbine building (image lower left) The Chernobyl disaster was a major accident that took place at the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant on April 26, 1986 at 01:23 a. ...


In the wake of the collapse of the Soviet Union the Declaration of Independence of Ukraine was proclaimed in the city by the Ukrainian parliament on August 24, 1991. Kiev now remains the capital of independent Ukraine. This is a history of the Soviet Union from 1985 to 1991. ... The Act of Declaration of Independence of Ukraine (Ukrainian: ) was adopted by the Ukrainian parliament on August 24, 1991. ... Verkhovna Rada. ...


Government

The Kiev City Council building at the Khreshchatyk street.

The municipality of the city of Kiev has a unique legal status within Ukraine compared to the other administrative subdivisions of the country. The most significant difference is that the city is subordinated directly to the national-level branches of the Government of Ukraine, skipping the provincial level authorities of Kiev Oblast. Additionally, the leading governmental position is held by the locally elected, rather than appointed, figure, the Mayor of Kiev, and the municipal self-governance institutions have a higher than elsewhere in Ukraine latitude in the local affairs. Legal status and local government of Kiev reflect the citys role as the capital of Ukraine, and also as its largest and oldest city, possessing city rights for centuries. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Kiev City Council or Kyivrada (Ukrainian: ) is the city council of Kiev (Kyiv) municipality, the highest representative body of the city community. ... Kreschatyk in the early 1980s Khreschatyk (Ukrainian: , Russian: ) is probably the best-known street in Kiev, the capital of Ukraine. ... A municipality is an administrative entity composed of a clearly defined territory and its population and commonly referring to a city, town, or village, or a small grouping of them. ... Ukraine is subdivided into 24 oblasts (Ukrainian singular: область, oblast; plural області, oblasti), one autonomous republic (автономна республіка, avtonomna respublika), and... Ukraine is a republic under a semi-presidential system with separate legislative, executive, and judicial branches. ... Oblast (Czech: oblast, Slovak: oblasÅ¥, Russian and Ukrainian: , Belarusian: , Bulgarian: о́бласт) refers to a subnational entity in some countries. ... Kiev Oblast (also Kyiv Oblast, Ukrainian: ) is an oblast (province) in central Ukraine. ... Mayor of Kiev (Ukrainian: ) is the mayor of the municipality of Kiev, the capital of Ukraine. ...


Subdivisions

Main article: Subdivisions of Kiev

Administratively, the city is divided into "raions" ("districts"), which have their local governments with jurisdiction over a limited scope of affairs. Presently, there are 10 raions. Kiev, the capital of Ukraine, is subdivided into administrative raions (districts), which have their own units of central and local government with jurisdiction over a limited scope of affairs. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (665x663, 130 KB) Summary Map of Kiev separated into raions, with Dnipro and Desna rivers, labelled in English. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (665x663, 130 KB) Summary Map of Kiev separated into raions, with Dnipro and Desna rivers, labelled in English. ... Kiev, the capital of Ukraine, is subdivided into administrative raions (districts), which have their own units of central and local government with jurisdiction over a limited scope of affairs. ... A raion (or rayon) (Russian and Ukrainian: ; Belarusian раён; Azeri: rayon, Latvian: rajons, Georgian: , raioni) is one of two kinds of administrative subdivisions in languages of some post-Soviet states: a subnational entity and a subdivision of a city. ...


Besides these, Kiev is informally divided into historical or territorial neighborhoods, each housing from about 5,000 to 100,000 inhabitants.


The natural first level of subdivision of the city is into the Right Bank and the Left Bank of the Dnieper. The Right Bank, located on the west side of the river, contains the older portions of the city. Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ...

See also: Category:Neighborhoods and raions of Kiev

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1939 846,724 N/A
1940 930,000 +9.8%
1943 180,000 -80.6%
1959 1,104,334 +513.5%
1961 1,174,000 +6.3%
1979 2,144,000 +82.6%
1989 2,587,945 +20.7%
2001 2,611,327 +0.9%
2005 2,660,401 +1.8%

As of the All-Ukrainian Census conducted in 2001, the population of Kiev is 2,611,300.[6] Please consult the table to the right for Kiev's historical populations.[1] According to the census, the number of men accounted for 1,219,000 persons, or 46.7%, and that of women – 1,393,000 persons, or 53.3%. The comparison with the results of the previous census (1989) shows the trend of population aging which, while common for the country overall, is partly offset in Kiev by the inflow of the migrants of the working age. Year 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Year 1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday (the link will display full 1943 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1959 (MCMLIX) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1979 by Smashing Pumpkins. ... Year 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays 1989 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The first Ukrainian Census after the dissolution of the Soviet Union was carried out by State Statistics Committee of Ukraine on December 5, 2001, twelve years after the last All-Union census in 1989. ... In demographics population ageing occurs when the average age of a regions population gets older. ...


According to the census data, more than 130 nationalities and ethnic groups reside within the territory of Kiev. Ukrainians constitute the largest ethnic group in Kiev, and they account for 2,110,800 people, or 82.2% of the population. Russians comprise 337,300 (13.1%), Jews - 17,900 (0.7%), Belarusians - 16,500 (0.6%), Poles - 6,900 (0.3%), Armenians - 4,900 (0.2%), Azerbaijanis - 2,600 (0.1%), Tatars - 2,500 (0.1%), Georgians - 2,400 (0.1%), Moldovans - 1,900 (0.1%). Tatars (Tatar: Tatarlar/Татарлар), sometimes spelled Tartar (more about the name), is a collective name applied to the Turkic speaking people of Eastern Europe and Central Asia. ...


Both Ukrainian and Russian are commonly spoken in the city, with Russian being more widely used despite the fact that Ukrainian is claimed as their native tongue by almost three times as many residents as those who claim Russian.[7] According to a 2006 survey, Ukrainian is used at home by 23% of Kievans, as 52% use Russian and 24% switch between both.[8]


1,069,700 people have higher and complete secondary education, a significant increase 21.7% since 1989.


Modern Kiev

Bird's-eye view of the Kiev center at night.
View of the October Palace from the Instytutska street.
View of the October Palace from the Instytutska street.

Modern Kiev is a mix of the old and the new, seen in everything from the architecture to the stores and to the people themselves. Experiencing fast population growth between the 1970s and the mid-'90s, the city has continued its consistent growth after the turn of the millennium. As a result, Kiev's "downtown" is a dotted picture of new, modern buildings amongst the pale yellows, blues and grays of the older apartments. Urban sprawl has been gradually reducing, while population densities of suburbs started increasing. The most expensive properties are located in the Pechersk, and Khreschatyk area. It is also prestigious to own a property in newly constructed buildings in Kharkivskyi Raion or Obolon along the Dnieper, as well as in some other better-established areas. Image File history File links Kiev_night_view. ... Image File history File links Kiev_night_view. ... Rio de Janeiro birds-eye view. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1280x960, 272 KB) Summary Description: en: Kiev, Ukraine: Culture and arts centre Zhovtnevy Palace (October Palace) ru: Киев: Международный центр культуры и искусств Октябрьский дворец, лица Институтская, 1, uk: Київ: Жовтневый дворец Author: Alexander Noskin Date: 8-15-2005 Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1280x960, 272 KB) Summary Description: en: Kiev, Ukraine: Culture and arts centre Zhovtnevy Palace (October Palace) ru: Киев: Международный центр культуры и искусств Октябрьский дворец, лица Институтская, 1, uk: Київ: Жовтневый дворец Author: Alexander Noskin Date: 8-15-2005 Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages... View on the October Palace from the Instytutska street. ... For the band, see 1990s (band). ... Pechersk or Pechersk (Ukrainian: ) is a neighborhood in Kiev (Kyiv), the capital of Ukraine, located on the hills adjoining the right bank of the Dnieper river. ... Khreschatyk Khreschatyk (Ukrainian: , Russian: ) is the main and probably the best-known street in Kiev, the capital of Ukraine. ... Kharkivskyi neighborhood, in Kiev, Ukraine, often referred to as Kharkivskyi massyv (Ukrainian: ) was first developed between the mid 1980s and early 1990s as an expansion of the Darnytsia raion (administrative district) of the capital. ... Obolon Raion (Ukrainian: , Obolons’kyi raion), is a historical raion (administrative district) of the Ukrainian capital Kiev (Kyiv). ...


With the Ukrainian independence on the turn of the millennium, other changes came. Western-style residential complexes, hip nightclubs, classy restaurants and prestigious hotels opened in the center. Music from Europe and North America started rising on Ukrainian music charts. And most importantly, with the easing of the visa rules in 2005,[9] Ukraine is positioning itself as a prime tourist attraction, with Kiev, among the other large cities, looking to profit from the new opportunities. The center of Kiev has been cleaned up and buildings have been restored and redecorated, especially the Khreschatyk street and the Independence Square. Many historic areas of Kiev, such as Andriyivskyy Descent, have become popular street vendor locations, where one can find traditional Ukrainian art, religious items, books, game sets (most commonly chess) as well as jewelry for sale.[10] // This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... World map showing the location of Europe. ... North America North America is a continent [1] in the Earths northern hemisphere and (chiefly) western hemisphere. ... Khreschatyk Khreschatyk (Ukrainian: , Russian: ) is the main and probably the best-known street in Kiev, the capital of Ukraine. ... Maidan Nezalezhnosti (literally: Independence Square ) is a main square in Kyiv, capital city of Ukraine. ... St Andrews Church and Andriyivskyy Descent Andriyivskyy Descent (Ukrainian: , Russian: , literally Andrews Descent) is one of the historic streets in Kiev and one of the citys main tourist attractions. ... Chess is a recreational and competitive game for two players. ... Jewelry (the American spelling; spelled jewellery in Commonwealth English) consists of ornamental devices worn by persons, typically made with gems and precious metals. ...

Culture

An important part of Kiev's culture is the many theatres in the city, which include: Kiev Opera House, Ivan Franko National Academic Drama Theater, Lesya Ukrainka National Academic Theater of Russian Drama, the Kiev Puppet Theater, October Palace, National Philharmonic of Ukraine and many others. The Taras Shevchenko Ukrainian National Opera House in Kiev. ... Lesya Ukrainka National Academic Theater of Russian Drama (also referred to as Lesya Ukrainka Theater) is a theater in Kiev, Ukraine. ... View on the October Palace from the Instytutska street. ... Kiev Philharmony National Philharmonic Society of Ukraine (Ukrainian: ), often referred to as Kiev Philharmony and National Philharmony, is a concert hall in Kiev, Ukraine. ...


Other cultural items include the Olexandr Dovzhenko Film Studios, and the Kiev Circus. The most important of the city's many museums are the Kiev State Historical Museum, Museum of the Great Patriotic War, the National Art Museum, the Museum of Western and Oriental Art and the National Museum of Russian art. The Olexandr Dovzhenko Film Studios (Ukrainian: , translit. ... The National Museum of the History of the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945 years (Ukrainian: , Russian: ) is a memorial complex commemorating the Great Patriotic War located in the southern outskirts of the Pechersk district of Kiev, the capital of Ukraine, on the picturesque hills on the right-bank of... The National Art Museum of Ukraine (Ukrainian: ) is a museum dedicated to Ukrainian art in Kiev, Ukraine. ... Museum of Western and Oriental Art, also known as the Museum of Art of Varvara and Bogdan Khanenko (Ukrainian: ) is a museum of art in Kiev, Ukraine. ...


In 2005 Kiev hosted the 50th annual Eurovision Song Contest as a result of Ruslana's Wild Dances being victorious in 2004. Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Eurovision Song Contest 2005 was the fiftieth edition of the Eurovision Song Contest, which was held at the Palace of Sports, Kiev (Kyiv), Ukraine. ... The modern logo was introduced for the 2004 Contest to create a consistent visual identity. ... Ruslana Stepanivna Lyzhychko (born May 24, 1973 in Lviv, Ukraine, Ukrainian: ) is a singer, dancer, producer, composer, conductor, and piano player. ... Dyki tantsi (English: Wild Dances) is a song by Ukrainian pop-star Ruslana. ... shelby was here 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

See also: Category:Kiev culture

Sports

Football (soccer) is the most popular spectator sport in Kiev, followed by basketball and ice hockey. Kiev has many professional and amateur soccer clubs, including the Arsenal and Dynamo, which both play in the top division of the Ukrainian Premier League. Other less prominent sport clubs in the city include: the FC Obolon Kyiv soccer club, the HC Sokil Kyiv hockey club and BC Kyiv basketball club. A player (wearing the red kit) has penetrated the defence (in the white kit) and is taking a shot at goal. ... Basketball is a team sport in which two teams of five active players each try to score points against one another by throwing a ball through a 10-foot high hoop (the basket) under organized rules. ... Ice hockey, known simply as hockey in areas where it is more common than field hockey, is a team sport played on ice. ... Club crest FC Arsenal Kyiv (Ukrainian: ) is a professional football club in the Ukrainian capital Kiev (Ukrainian: ). The club currently plays in the Ukrainian Premier League, and is sponsored by the citys authority. ... FC Dynamo Kyiv is a professional football club from the Ukrainian capital, Kiev (Kyiv). ... The Ukrainian Premier League (known locally as Vyscha Liha) is the top division of Ukrainian football. ... Professional football league of Ukraine logo The Ukrainian Premier League (Ukrainian: , Vyscha Liha) is the highest division of Ukrainian annual football championship. ... FC Obolon Kyiv is a Ukrainian soccer club based in Kyiv, and sponsored by the brewery Obolon CJSC since 1999. ... Club crest HC Sokil Kyiv (Ukrainian: ) is a professional ice hockey team based in the Ukrainian capital Kiev (Ukrainian: ). Since the 2004/05 season, the team competes in the Open Championship of Belarus. ...

The Olympic Stadium in 1980 following the reconstruction for the 1980 Summer Olympics
The Olympic Stadium in 1980 following the reconstruction for the 1980 Summer Olympics

During the 1980 Summer Olympics held in the Soviet Union, Kiev held the preliminary matches and the quarter-finals of the football tournament at its Olympic Stadium, reconstructed for the event. The stadium is the largest of Ukrainian stadiums, as well as among Kiev's 15 stadiums/sport complexes. Initially constructed for audience of 100,000, following the installation of individual seats it can now accommodate 83,053 spectators.[2] Other notable sport stadiums/sport complexes in Kiev include the Lobanovsky Dynamo Stadium, the Palace of Sports, among many others. Image File history File links Kiev_stadium_1980. ... Image File history File links Kiev_stadium_1980. ... Badge, released in the USSR The 1980 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XXII Olympiad, were held in Moscow in the Soviet Union. ... Badge, released in the USSR The 1980 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XXII Olympiad, were held in Moscow in the Soviet Union. ... National Sport Complex Olimpiyskyi(also known as Olympic Stadium, Republican Stadium or Central Stadium) is a multi-use sports base in Kiev, Ukraine, located on the slopes of Cherepanov hill in the center of the city. ... Lobanovskyi Dynamo Stadion is a multi-use stadium in Kiev, Ukraine. ... The Palace of Sports is situated in the center of Kiev, Ukraine on the right bank of the Dnieper river. ...


Kiev does not only host field games and indoor sports, but also aquatic sports, which take place on the Kiev Reservoir at Vyshhorod, and on Trukhaniv Island in the Dnieper river, opposite the city center, where there are many fine beaches and recreational facilities.[2] In addition to that, cross country bicycling is another favorite sport, also taking place on the Trukhaniv Island. Landsat satellite photo Map of the Kiev Reservoir. ... Vyshhorod is a town in Kiev Oblast, Ukraine. ... Trukhanov Ostrov (Ukrainian: , translit. ...


Together with a few other cities of Poland and Ukraine, Kiev will house the 2012 UEFA European Football Championship. Three group matches, a quarter final and the final are scheduled to be played at Kiev NSK Olimpiyskyi stadium. The 2012 UEFA European Football Championship, commonly referred to as Euro 2012, will be the 14th European Championship for national football teams sanctioned by UEFA. Poland and Ukraine will be the host nations of the final tournament, scheduled for the summer of 2012, following the election of their joint-bid... The Olimpiysky National Sports Complex (also known as Olympic Stadium, Republican Stadium or Central Stadium; Ukrainian: ) is a multi-use sports facility in Kiev, Ukraine, located on the slopes of citys central Cherepanov Hill. ...

See also: Category:Sports in Kiev

Architecture

Probably, Kiev's most famous historical architecture complexes are St. Sophia Cathedral and Kiev Pechersk Lavra (Monastery of the Caves), which are UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Much of the original Byzantine interior remains intact. ... Roofs of the Holy Trinity Church Kievo-Pecherskaya Lavra, 1890s Kiev Pechersk Lavra (Ukrainian: ; Russian: ), also known as the Kiev Monastery of the Caves, is an ancient cave monastery in Kiev. ... UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) is a specialized agency of the United Nations established in 1945. ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State...


Noteworthy historical architectural landmarks also include the Mariyinsky Palace (designed and constructed from 1745 to 1752, then reconstructed in 1870), several Orthodox churches such as St. Michael's Cathedral, St. Andrew's, St. Vladimir's, the reconstructed Golden Gate, and others. Elevated front view, 2003 Mariyinsky Palace (Ukrainian: , Mariyinskyi palats) in Kiev is a picturesque Baroque palace on the hilly bank of the Dnieper River. ... The reconstructed St. ... The church of St Andrew in Kiev (1749-54) The baroque St Andrews Church (Ukrainian: ) or the Cathedral of St Andrew was built in Kiev in 1747–1754, to a design by the imperial architect Bartolomeo Rastrelli. ... St Volodymyrs Cathedral (Ukrainian: ; also known as the Volodymyrsky Cathedral or Vladimirskiy Cathedral in Russian) is a cathedral in the centre of Kiev. ... , The extant reconstruction of the gates has been dismissed by art historians as a highly controversial revivalist fantasy. ...


The cylindrical Salut hotel, located across from Glory Square and an eternal flame at the World War Two memorial Tomb of the Unknown Soldier. The giant highly visible from the Dnieper hills Mother Motherland statue standing at the Museum of the Great Patriotic War is one of Kiev's well recognized modern landmarks. The eternal flame at the Monument to the Unknown Soldier in Sofia, Bulgaria Eternal Flame is also a song originally performed by The Bangles. ... Sailor and girl at the Tomb of the Unknowns, Arlington National Cemetery, USA, May 1943 Throughout history, many soldiers have died in numerous wars without their remains being identified. ... The Motherland statue in Volgograd (former Stalingrad). ... The National Museum of the History of the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945 years (Ukrainian: , Russian: ) is a memorial complex commemorating the Great Patriotic War located in the southern outskirts of the Pechersk district of Kiev, the capital of Ukraine, on the picturesque hills on the right-bank of...


Among Kiev's best-known monuments are Mikeshin's statue of Bohdan Khmelnytsky astride his horse located near St. Sophia Cathedral, the venerated Vladimir the Great (St. Vladimir), the baptizer of Rus', overlooking the river above Podil, the monument to Kyi, Schek and Khoryv and Lybid, the legendary founders of the city located at the Dnieper embankment. Finally, two elevated on the tall columns modern monuments to the city protectors are located at the Independence Square in the city center: the historic protector of Kiev Michael Archangel and a modern invention, the goddess-protector Berehynia. Mikeshins monument to the Millennium of Russia, in Veliky Novgorod. ... Bohdan Zynovii Mykhailovych Khmelnytskyi (Ukrainian: Богдан Зиновій Михайлович Хмельницький, commonly transliterated as Khmelnytsky; known in Polish as Bohdan Zenobi Chmielnicki; in Russian as Богда́н Хмельни́цкий (Bogdan Khmelnitsky)) ( 1595 — August 6, 1657) was a famous and a somewhat controversial leader of the Zaporozhian Cossack Hetmanate, hetman of Ukraine. ... Much of the original Byzantine interior remains intact. ... Saint Vladimir Svyatoslavich the Great (c. ... Clandestine Christian communities existed in Kiev for decades before the official baptism. ... Podil is a historic neighborhood in the city of Kiev, which houses the citys funiculaire and the Dnieper river station. ... A monument to the mythical founders of Kiev in Navodnytsky Park. ... Maidan Nezalezhnosti (literally: Independence Square ) is a main square in Kyiv, capital city of Ukraine. ... Guido Renis archangel Michael (in the Capuchin church of Santa Maria della Concezione, Rome) tramples Satan. ... Nightview of the column with the monument to Berehynia Goddess, one of protectors of Kiev. ...

See also: Category:Buildings and structures in Kiev

Architectural monuments

Transportation

Local transportation

Dnipro station of the Kiev Metro

Public transportation in Kiev includes metro (subway), buses, trolleybuses and trams. The publicly owned and operated Kiev Metro system is the fastest, the most convenient and affordable network that covers most, but not all, of the city. The metro is regularly expanding towards the city limits to cover the growing demand, while the other kinds of public transport are not that well maintained. In particular, the public bus service fails to maintain its schedule. Public electric trolleybus and tram lines are more reliable, but are also technically obsolete and underfunded. The historic tram system, which once were a maintained and densely-developed method of transport, are now gradually being phased out in favor of buses and trolleys. Image File history File linksMetadata Dnepr4. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Dnepr4. ... View from the high bank Dnipro (Ukrainian: , Russian: ) is a station on the Kiev Metros Sviatoshynsko-Brovarska Line). ... Official Logo The Kiev Metro (Ukrainian: ; Russian: ) is a metro system that is the mainstay of Kievs public transport. ... A Go North East bus parked in a lay-by in Tyne and Wear, England. ... Škoda 14 Tr trolleybus in Vilnius, Lithuania. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Official Logo The Kiev Metro (Ukrainian: ; Russian: ) is a metro system that is the mainstay of Kievs public transport. ... A Go North East bus parked in a lay-by in Tyne and Wear, England. ... A 1913 map of the Kiev tram system (outlined in red) The Kiev Tram (Ukrainian: ) was the first electric tramway in the former Russian Empire, and the third one in Europe after the Berlin Straßenbahn (tram) and the Budapest tramway, is located in Kiev, Ukraine. ...


One unusual mode of public transportation Kiev has is a funicular, that climbs on the steep right bank of the Dnieper River. It provides transport to 10,000-15,000 passengers daily. The Kiev funicular in 1953. ... The Dnieper River (also known as: Dnepr, Dniapro, or Dnipro) is a river which flows from Russia, through Belarus and Ukraine, ending its flow in the Black Sea. ...


All public road transport in Kiev is operated by the united Kyivpastrans[11] municipal company. It is heavily subsidized by the city as large groups of passengers (pensioners, etc.) are granted free service on its lines. A municipality is an administrative entity composed of a clearly defined territory and its population and commonly referring to a city, town, or village, or a small grouping of them. ...

Trolleybuses in front of the St. Sophia Cathedral.
Trolleybuses in front of the St. Sophia Cathedral.

A simple distance-regardless tariffs system exists in Kiev public transport: the tickets for ground transportation are bought for each entrance into the vehicle. Discount passes are available for scholars and students. Pensioners use public transportation free. Monthly passes, which are sold at the price of 60 rides, are also available in all combinations of public transportation: metro, bus, trolley, tram. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1000x721, 229 KB) Trolleybus in Kiev, Ukraine author: Elke Wetzig (elya) date: 2005-05-22 File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Kiev ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1000x721, 229 KB) Trolleybus in Kiev, Ukraine author: Elke Wetzig (elya) date: 2005-05-22 File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Kiev ... Hagia Sophia or Saint Sophia (Άγια Σοφία in Greek, Sancta Sophia in Latin, Ayasofya in Turkish) can refer to: The Holy Wisdom of God especially in Eastern Orthodoxy: Hagia Sophia, the Church of the Holy Wisdom in Istanbul, Turkey (formerly Constantinople), now a museum Hagia Sophia, Trabzon, a former church and mosque... A tariff is a tax on foreign goods. ...


Recently, privately owned minibuses, marshrutkas, occupied Kiev's streets. They provide good coverage of smaller residential streets and have routes that are convenient for the residents. Minibuses take fewer passengers, run faster, stop on demand and are more available, although with an increased frequency of accidents. Ticket price and itinerary of private minibuses are regulated by city government, and the cost of one ride, while higher than on public buses, is still far lower than the Western European standard. Marshrutka (Russian: ; short for маршрутное такси (routed taxicab)) is a CIS minibus taxi. ...


The taxi market in Kiev is intensive but not adequately regulated. In particular, the taxi fare per kilometer is not regulated. There is a strong competition between private taxi companies. Many allow scheduling a pick-up by phone. Also, it is quite common for a local with a car (or even people from other parts of Ukraine) to provide taxi service unofficially. Traffic jams and lack of parking space are the growing problems for taxi service in Kiev. Current regulations allow for parking on pavements, which pedestrians may find inconvenient. Taxicab, short forms taxi or cab, is a type of public transport for a single passenger, or small group of passengers, typically for a non-shared ride. ... Traffic jams are common in heavily populated areas. ...

Trams in Kiev's Kontraktova Square. The St. Andrew Church is visible in the background
Trams in Kiev's Kontraktova Square. The St. Andrew Church is visible in the background

Image File history File linksMetadata Tram_Kiev. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Tram_Kiev. ... A 1913 map of the Kiev tram system (outlined in red) The Kiev Tram (Ukrainian: ) was the first electric tramway in the former Russian Empire, and the third one in Europe after the Berlin Straßenbahn (tram) and the Budapest tramway, is located in Kiev, Ukraine. ... View of the Kontraktova Square of the Podil neighborhood. ... The church of St Andrew in Kiev (1749-54) The baroque St Andrews Church (Ukrainian: ) or the Cathedral of St Andrew was built in Kiev in 1747–1754, to a design by the imperial architect Bartolomeo Rastrelli. ...

Suburban transportation

Suburban transportation is provided by buses and short-range trains (elektrichkas). There are a few bus stations inside the city providing suburban transportations. Private minibuses (marshrutkas) provide faster and more frequent suburban service, currently winning the competition against large buses. Elektrichka departing from station platform Elektrichka on Yaroslavskiy Rail Terminal, Moscow Elektrichka (Russian: , Ukrainian: is a slang word for elektropoezd (Russian: ), a Soviet or post-Soviet regional (mostly suburban) electrical multiple unit passenger train. ...


Elektrichkas are serviced by the publicly owned Ukrzaliznytsia company. The suburban train service is fast, and unbeatingly safe in terms of traffic accidents. But the trains are not reliable, as they may fail significantly behind schedule, may not be safe in terms of crime, and the elektrichka cars are poorly maintained and are overcrowded in rush hours. Ukrzaliznytsia (Укрзалізниця) is the national railway company of Ukraine. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


There are 5 elektrichka directions from Kiev:

The avenue to the Kiev's Railway Terminal
The avenue to the Kiev's Railway Terminal

More than a dozen of elektrichka stops are located within the city allowing residents of different neighborhoods to use the suburban trains. John the Apostle Church in Nizhyn. ... Hrebinka (Ukrainian: ) is a city in Poltava Oblast, Ukraine. ... Myronivka (Ukrainian: ) is a city in Kiev Oblast (province) of Ukraine. ... Fastiv (Ukrainian Фастів) is a city in northern Ukraine, a center of the Fastivskyi raion (district) within Kyivska oblast. Population 50,500 (2004). ... Korosten is a city in northern Ukraine. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Road_to_Kiev_Vokzal. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Road_to_Kiev_Vokzal. ... The Kiev Passenger Railway Station (Russian: Киев Пассажирскй, Kiev Passazhirski) is Kievs main long-distance railway station. ...


Once existing suburban riverboats service is now extinct due to lack of profitability, limiting Kiev's water transport for cargo and tourism uses. The Kiev River Port (Ukrainian: ) is the main river port in Podil, a raion of Kiev, located on the right bank of the Dnieper River and the Poshtova Square. ...


Railways

Railways are Kiev’s main kind of outer transport connection. The city has a developed railroad infrastructure including a long-distance passenger station, 6 cargo stations, depots, and repairing facilities. However, this system still fails to meet the demand for passenger service. Particularly, the Kiev Passenger Railway Station is city's only long-distance passenger terminal (vokzal). There is construction underway for a new Darnytsia Railway Station on the left-bank part of Kiev, which may easer the tension of the central station.[12] Bridges over the Dnieper River are another problem restricting the development of city’s railway system. Presently, only one rail bridge out of two is available for intense train traffic. A new combined rail-auto bridge is under construction, as a part of Darnytsia project. The Kiev Passenger Railway Station (Russian: Киев Пассажирскй, Kiev Passazhirski) is Kievs main long-distance railway station. ... A digital project for the Darnytsia Railway Station. ... Kiev neighborhoods cover both banks of the Dnieper River whose distributary forms several islands as it flows through Kiev. ...


Air transport

The expanded Terminal B within the Boryspil International Airport

Passenger air link to Kiev can be made through two of its airports: the Boryspil Airport, which is served by the many international airlines, and a smaller Zhulyany Airport, serving mostly domestic flights, and few flights to nearby countries. There is also Gostomel cargo airport in Kiev's north-western suburb of Hostomel. The international passenger terminal at Boryspil is quite small, yet modern. A new section of the international terminal was opened in 2006. There is a separate terminal for domestic flights within walking distance. Passengers traveling to other cities within Ukraine by air usually stop for a connection at Boryspil, as the other airports in Ukraine such as in Donetsk, Simferopol, Odessa, provide very limited international connections. Image File history File linksMetadata Boryspil_Terminal_B_inside. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Boryspil_Terminal_B_inside. ... Boryspil State International Airport (IATA: KBP, ICAO: UKBB) is an international airport located near the city of Boryspil, 29 km east of Kiev. ... Boryspil State International Airport (IATA: KBP, ICAO: UKBB) is an international airport located near the city of Boryspil, 29 km east of Kiev. ... Kyiv (Zhulyany) Airport (Ukrainian: Аеропорт Київ) (IATA: IEV, ICAO: UKKK) is one of the two passenger airports of the Ukrainian capital Kiev. ... Gostomel Airport (IATA: GML, ICAO: UKKM) (aka Antonov Airport, Kiev Airport (ANTONOV); Ukrainian: Аеропорт Гостомель) is an international cargo airport in Ukraine, located near Gostomel - the north-west suburb of Kiev. ... Hostomel a. ...


Kiev is one of the centers of world aviation industry, being a home for Antonov aircraft manufacturing company. National Avaition University is playing vital role in ukrainian aviation industry Currently, there are expansion plans for the city's international airport, with construction to begin within the coming years.[13] Private Antonov AN-2 in the UK Antonov, aka Antonov Aeronautical Scientific/Technical Complex (Antonov ASTC) (Ukrainian: ) is a Ukraine-based (since 1952) aircraft manufacturing and services company (design office prefix An) with particular expertise in the field of very large aircraft construction. ...

See also: Category:Transport in Kiev

Tourism

Lilacs in the Central Botanical Garden, with Vydubychi Monastery and the Left Bank of Kiev in the background. Photo copyright R. Lezhoev
Lilacs in the Central Botanical Garden, with Vydubychi Monastery and the Left Bank of Kiev in the background. Photo copyright R. Lezhoev

Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1280x1024, 292 KB)Photo of lilacs in the Kiev Botanical Gardens, with Vydubychi Monastery and the Livoberezhnyi district of Kiev in the background. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1280x1024, 292 KB)Photo of lilacs in the Kiev Botanical Gardens, with Vydubychi Monastery and the Livoberezhnyi district of Kiev in the background. ... Vydubychi Monastery in Kiev Vydubychi Monastery (Ukrainian: , Vydubytskyi monastyr) was established between 1070 and 1077 by Vsevolod, son of Yaroslav Mudry. ...

Attractions in Kiev

It is said that one can walk from one end of Kiev to the other in the summertime without leaving the shade of its many trees. Most characteristic are the horse-chestnuts (Ukrainian: каштани, kashtany). Binomial name Aesculus hippocastanum L. The Common Horse-chestnut (Aesculus hippocastanum) is a large deciduous tree, native to a small area in the mountains of the Balkans in southeast Europe, mainly in Albania, but also locally in northeastern Bulgaria (Preslavska Mountains), northern Greece and Macedonia. ...


Kiev is known as a green city with two botanical gardens and numerous large and small parks. The green nature of the city is probably most notable by the overgrown and mostly untouched by urbanization hills on the right bank along the Dnieper river. There the World War II Museum is located, which offers both indoor and outdoor displays of military history and equipment surrounded by verdant hills overlooking the Dnieper river. Lilacs in the Kiev Botanical Garden, with Vydubychi Monastery and the Left Bank of Kiev in the background. ... The National Museum of the History of the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945 years (Ukrainian: , Russian: ) is a memorial complex commemorating the Great Patriotic War located in the southern outskirts of the Pechersk district of Kiev, the capital of Ukraine, on the picturesque hills on the right-bank of...


Among the numerous islands, Venetsianskyi (or Hidropark) is the most habitable. It's accessible by metro or by car, and includes an amusement park, swimming beaches, boat rentals, and night clubs. The Victory Park (Park Peremohy) located near Darnytsia subway station is a popular destination for strollers, joggers, and cyclists. Hidropark Beach Hidropark (Гідропарк) is an island on Dnipro River in Kyiv, Ukraine. ...


Boating, fishing, and water sports are popular pastimes in Kiev. Since the lakes and rivers freeze over in the winter, ice fishermen are frequently seen, as are children with their ice skates. However, the peak of summer is when masses of people can be seen on the shores, swimming or sunbathing, with daytime high temperatures sometimes reaching 30 to 34 °C. Celsius is, or relates to, the Celsius temperature scale (previously known as the centigrade scale). ...


The center of Kiev (Independence Square and Khreschatyk Street) becomes a large outdoor party place at night during summer months, with thousands of people having a good time in nearby restaurants, clubs and outdoor cafes. The central streets are closed for auto traffic on weekends and holidays.


Wide varieties of farming products are available in many of Kiev's farmer markets with the Besarabsky Market located in the very center of the city being the most famous one. Each residential region has its own market, or rynok. Here one will find table after table of individuals hawking everything imaginable: vegetables, fresh and smoked meats, fish, cheese, honey, dairy products such as milk and home-made smetana (sour cream), caviar, cut flowers, housewares, tools and hardware, and clothing. Each of the markets has its own unique mix of products. There is also a popular book market by the Petrivka metro station. The Besarabsky Market (Ukrainian: ), also frequently called Besarabka (Бесарабка) is an indoor market located in the center of Kiev at the west end of Khreshchatyk, the main and best known street of the city. ... ... Petrivka (Ukrainian: ; Russian: ) is a station on Kiev Metros Kurenivsko-Chervonoarmiyska Line. ...


At the city's southern outskirts, near the historic Pyrohiv village, there is an outdoor museum, officially called the Museum of Folk Architecture and Life of Ukraine It has an area of 1.5 square kilometres. On this terrain, multiple "mini-villages" that represent the traditional countryside architecture of various regions of Ukraine are built. This ensemble of authentic windmills is the centerpiece of a 150-Hectare open air Museum of Folk Architecture and Life of Ukraine Pyrohiv (Ukrainian: ), also known as Pirogovo (Russian: ), originally a village south of Kiev, is a neighborhood in the southern outskirts of the Ukrainian capital city. ... The old town (Den gamle by) — an open air museum in the town of Aarhus, Denmark An open air museum is a distinct type of museum exhibiting its collections out-of-doors. ... This ensemble of authentic windmills is the centerpiece of a 150-Hectare open air Museum of Folk Architecture and Life of Ukraine Pyrohiv (Ukrainian: ), also known as Pirogovo (Russian: ), originally a village south of Kiev, is a neighborhood in the southern outskirts of the Ukrainian capital city. ...


Kiev also has numerous game attractions like bowling, carts, paintball, billiards and even shooting from real weapons.

See also: Category:Visitor attractions in Kiev

Views of Kiev

Economy

Kiev, as the capital of Ukraine, has major administrative functions, with considerable status in the offices of the ministries responsible for the economy of Ukraine. Factories in Kiev are found in all parts of the city, with locations of major concentrations of industrial organizations located to the west of the city center and on the left bank of the Dnieper River.

See also: Economy of Kiev, Economy of Ukraine

// Overview Ukraine has many of the components of a major European economy -- rich farmlands, a well-developed industrial base, highly trained labour, and a good education system. ...

Industrial organizations

The Kiev engineering plants, create their equipment based on metal from the iron and steel areas of Dnipropetrovshchyna and the Donbas coalfield. These plants in Kiev make equipment for chemical works, such as conveyor lines for vulcanized rubber, linoleum, fertilizer factories, and also metal-cutting machines. Other engineering products of Kiev area include aircraft (see: Antonov), hydraulic elevators, electrical instruments, armatures, river-and-sea crafts, motorcycles, and cinematography apparatuses. Dnipropetrovsk Oblast (Ukrainian: , Dnipropetrovs’ka oblast’ or Дніпропетровщина, Dnipropetrovshchyna) is an oblast of central Ukraine, the most important industrial region of the country. ... Donets Basin also known as Donbass or Donbas ( Russian: Донбасс from Donetskiy bassein) is a historical, economic and cultural region of Ukraine. ... Vulcanization is the process of cross-linking elastomer molecules to make the bulk material harder, less soluble and more durable. ... A linoleum kitchen floor Linoleum is a floor covering made from solidified linseed oil (linoxyn) in combination with wood flour or cork dust over a burlap or canvas backing. ... Spreading manure, an organic fertilizer Fertilizers (also spelled fertilisers) are compounds given to plants to promote growth; they are usually applied either via the soil, for uptake by plant roots, or by foliar feeding, for uptake through leaves. ... Private Antonov AN-2 in the UK Antonov, aka Antonov Aeronautical Scientific/Technical Complex (Antonov ASTC) (Ukrainian: ) is a Ukraine-based (since 1952) aircraft manufacturing and services company (design office prefix An) with particular expertise in the field of very large aircraft construction. ...


Another important sector is the chemical industry, which produces resin products, fertilizers, plastics, and chemical fibers, made at the Darnytsky Raion viscose plant on the left bank of Kiev. Lumber milling and the production of bricks and reinforced concrete items are another well developed industry. Consumer manufactured goods include cameras (see: Kiev-Arsenal (photo camera), thermos flasks, knitwear, footwear, a range of foodstuffs, and hand watches. Kiev is also a large publishing centre. Darnytsia Raion (Ukrainian: ), is a raion (administrative district) of the Ukrainian capital Kiev (Kyiv). ... Viscose is a viscous organic liquid used to make rayman and semoflange. ... Kiev-Arsenal is a Soviet brand of camera manufactured by the Arsenal Factory in Kiev, Ukraine. ...


Power production

Kiev is supplied by electricity primary from the Kiev Hydroelectric Power Station, completed in 1968, just upstream of the city at Vyshhorod, on the Kiev Reservoir, and from Trypillia thermal electric station. Nowadays, all but a few regions of Ukraine are interconnected by the Ukrainian electric power grid. Following the Chernobyl accident the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant located 100 km north of Kiev has been closed. Kiev also receives its power supply in the form of natural gas, piped from Urengoy-Pomary-Uzhhorod pipeline. Vyshhorod is a town in Kiev Oblast, Ukraine. ... Landsat satellite photo Map of the Kiev Reservoir. ... Trypillia (Ukrainian: , Russian: , Tripolye) is a village in Ukraine in Kiev Oblast with 2,800 inhabitants (as of 1 January 2005). ... The nuclear power plant at Chernobyl prior to the completion of the sarcophagus. ... Chernobyl Nuclear Power Station, viewed from the roof of a building in Pripyat, Ukraine. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Location Map of Ukraine with Uzhhorod highlighted. ...


Education

Kiev hosts many universities, the major ones being Kiev National Taras Shevchenko University,[14] the National Technical University "Kiev Polytechnic Institute",[15] and the Kyiv-Mohyla Academy.[16] The total number of institutions of higher education in Kiev approaches 200,[17] allowing young people to pursue almost any line of study. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1280x960, 286 KB) Summary Description: Taras Shevchenko University in Kiev Author: Alexander Noskin Date: 8-13-2005 Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Kiev ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1280x960, 286 KB) Summary Description: Taras Shevchenko University in Kiev Author: Alexander Noskin Date: 8-13-2005 Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Kiev ... Shevchenko Kyiv University in Kyiv is the largest and most important university of Ukraine. ... For other uses, see Kiev University (disambiguation). ... The National Technical University Kiev Polytechnic Institute (KPI) (Ukrainian: ) is a major university in Kiev, Ukraine. ... National University of Kyiv-Mohyla Academy, NaUKMA (Ukrainian: Національний університет «Києво-Могилянська ак&#1072...


There are about 500 general secondary schools, evening schools for adults, and specialist technical schools. Scientific research is conducted in many of the institutes of the higher education and, additionally, in many research institutes affiliated with the Ukrainian Academy of Sciences[18] and several of Ukrainian industrial ministries. Kiev is also noted for its research in medicine and computer science. A research institute is a establishment endowed for doing research. ... The National Academy of Science of Ukraine is the highest state research organization in Ukraine. ... Cabinet of Ministers The Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine is the highest body in the system of bodies of executive power in Ukraine. ...


There are many libraries in the city with the Vernadsky library affiliated with the Academy of Science being the largest and most important one.[19]

See also: Category:Education in Kiev

City name evolution

A fragment of Russiae, Moscoviae et Tartariae map by Anthony Jenkinson (London 1562) published by Ortelius in 1570.
A fragment from a 1804 John Cary's "New map of Europe, from the latest authorities" published in "Cary's new universal atlas", London, 1808.
A fragment from a 1804 John Cary's "New map of Europe, from the latest authorities" published in "Cary's new universal atlas", London, 1808.

Currently, Kiev is the traditional English name for the city, but the Ukrainianized version Kyiv is gaining usage. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Abraham Ortelius. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... John Cary (1754-1835) was an 18th century cartographer. ...


As a prominent city with a long history, its English name was subject to gradual evolution. The early English spelling was derived from Old East Slavic form Kijevъ (spelled Кієвъ). According to the legendary account in the Primary Chronicle, the city is named after Kyi (Кий), who is said to have founded the city with his brothers Shchek and Khoryv, and their sister Lybid'. Old East Slavic language is one name for a language spoken between the 10th and 14th centuries in Kievan Rus and its successor states, the ancestor of the modern East Slavic languages. ... The Primary Chronicle (Old-Slavonic: Повсть времяньныхъ лтъ; Russian: Повесть временных лет, Povest vremennykh let; Ukrainian: Повість времмених літ, Povist vremennykh lit; often translated into English as Tale of Bygone Years), is a history of the Ancient Rus from around 850 to 1110 originally compiled in Kiev about 1113. ... A monument to the mythical founders of Kiev in Navodnytsky Park. ... A monument to the mythical founders of Kiev in Navodnytsky Park. ...


In the middle ages the city was mentioned in published sources as Kiou, Kiow, Kiew, Kiovia. On one of the oldest English maps of the region Russiae, Moscoviae et Tartariae published by Ortelius (London, 1570) the city is spelled as Kiou. On the map by Guillaume de Beauplan (1650) the name of the city was given as Kiiow, and the region was named as Kÿowia. In English traveller Joseph Marshall's book Travels (London, 1772) the city is referred as Kiovia. The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times, beginning with the Renaissance. ... Abraham Ortelius. ...


The name Kiev was used in print as early as in 1804 in the John Cary's "New map of Europe, from the latest authorities" in "Cary's new universal atlas" published in London. The English travelogue titled New Russia: Journey from Riga to the Crimea by way of Kiev, by Mary Holderness was published in 1823. By 1883, the Oxford English Dictionary included Kiev in a quotation. This name was established on the basis of Russian orthography and pronunciation [ˈkijef], during a time when Kiev was a city in a governorate of the Russian Empire. John Cary (1754-1835) was an 18th century cartographer. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... The Oxford English Dictionary print set The Oxford English Dictionary (OED) is a dictionary published by the Oxford University Press (OUP), and is the most successful dictionary of the English language, (not to be confused with the one-volume Oxford Dictionary of English, formerly New Oxford Dictionary of English, of... Guberniya (Russian: ) (also gubernia, guberniia, gubernya) was a major administrative subdivision of the Imperial Russia, usually translated as governorate or province. ... Anthem God Save the Tsar! The Russian Empire in 1914 Capital Saint Petersburg Language(s) Russian Religion Russian Orthodoxy Government Monarchy Emperor  - 1721–1725 Peter the Great  - 1894–1917 Nicholas II History  - Accession of Peter I May 7, 1682 NS, April 27, 1682 OS²  - Empire proclaimed October 22, 1721 NS...


At the same time the spelling Kyiv, romanized version of the Ukrainian name for the city [ˈkɪjiw], has been used in English-language publications of the Ukrainian diaspora and in some academic publications concerning Ukraine during much of the twentieth century. Newly-independent Ukraine declared Ukrainian the only official language after 1991, and introduced a national Latin-alphabet standard for geographic names in 1995, establishing the use of the spelling Kyiv in all official documents issued by the governmental authorities since October 1995. The spelling is used by the United Nations, NATO, some foreign diplomatic missions and a number of media organizations, notably in Canada. On October 3, 2006, the United States federal government changed its official spelling of the city name to Kyiv.[20] The alternate romanizations Kyyiv (BGN/PCGN transliteration) and Kyjiv (scholarly) are also in use alongside Kiev in English-language atlases. This, however, did not affect the usage of most major players in the English language news media market: CNN, BBC, Associated Press and most major live and print media continue to use Kiev to this day. A romanization or latinization is a system for representing a word or language with the Roman (Latin) alphabet, where the original word or language used a different writing system. ... An official language is a language that is given a unique legal status in the countries, states, and other territories. ... The foundation of the U.N. The United Nations (UN) is an international organization whose stated aims are to facilitate co-operation in international law, international security, economic development, social progress and human rights issues. ... NATO 2002 Summit in Prague. ... - Seal on the building of German Embassies. ... is the 276th day of the year (277th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... The Cable News Network, commonly known as CNN, is a major cable television network founded in 1980 by Ted Turner. ... The British Broadcasting Corporation, which is usually known as the BBC, is the largest broadcasting corporation in the world in terms of audience numbers, employing 26,000 staff in the United Kingdom alone and with a budget of more than GB£4 billion. ... The Associated Press, or AP, is an American news agency, the worlds largest such organization. ...

See also: Romanization of Ukrainian and Romanization of Russian

Romanization or Latinization of Ukrainian denotes a system for representing the Ukrainian language in Latin letters. ... The romanization of the Russian alphabet is the process of transliterating the Russian language from the Cyrillic alphabet and into the Latin alphabet, such as the English alphabet and other Latin alphabets in particular (and sometimes non-Latin alphabets). ...

References

  1. ^ a b Ukraine City Populations. URL accessed July 28, 2006
  2. ^ a b c Beijing official website URL accessed on July 28, 2006
  3. ^ World Weather Information Service URL accessed July 29, 2006
  4. ^ In an absense of historic records the "accepted" date of foundation is often subject to non-historic or even political speculations. Still, the Kiev article in Encyclopedia Britannica states: " The village that became the modern city may have been founded as early as the 6th century AD." The Columbia Encyclopedia in Kiev states: "It probably existed as a commercial center as early as the 5th cent."
  5. ^ Robert Conquest. The harvest of sorrow: Soviet collectivization and the terror-famine. New York; Oxford. Oxford University Press, 1986
  6. ^ Ukrcensus.gov.ua - Kyiv city URL accessed on June 20, 2006
  7. ^ According to the official 2001 census data [1][2] approximately 75% of Kiev's population responded 'Ukrainian' to the native language (ridna mova) census question, and roughly 25% responded 'Russian'. On the other hand, when the question 'What language do you use in everyday life?' was asked in the 2003 sociological survey, the Kievans' answers were distributed as follows: 'mostly Russian': 52%, 'both Russian and Ukrainian in equal measure': 32%, 'mostly Ukrainian': 14%, 'exclusively Ukrainian': 4.3%.
    "What language is spoken in Ukraine?", Welcome to Ukraine, 2003/2. .
  8. ^ "Kiev: the city, its residents, problems of today, wishes for tomorrow.", Zerkalo Nedeli, April 29 - May 12, 2006. in Russian, in Ukrainian
  9. ^ Workpermit.com ULR accessed on July 30, 2006
  10. ^ Kiev.info URL accessed on June 20, 2006
  11. ^ See also: Kyivpastrans official website URL accessed on July 28, 2006
  12. ^ (Russian) Archunion.com.ua URL accessed on June 20, 2006
  13. ^ (Russian) Airport Borispol Official Site URL accessed on June 20, 2006
  14. ^ See also:Kiev University official website URL accessed on July 28, 2006
  15. ^ See also: KPI official website URL accessed on July 28, 2006
  16. ^ See also: Kyiv-Mohyla Academy official website URL accessed on July 28, 2006
  17. ^ See also: Osvita.org URL accessed on June 20, 2006
  18. ^ See also: NASU official website URL accessed on July 28, 2006
  19. ^ The Vernadsky National Library of Ukraine
  20. ^ U.S. Alters Its Spelling of Ukraine City, ABC News URL accessed on January 15, 2007
Bibliography:
  • Marshall, Joseph. Travels Through Germany, Russia, and Poland in the Years 1769 and 1770. London: J. Almon, 1772; reprint, New York: Arno Press and the New York Times, 1971. ISBN 0-405-02763-X
  • Holderness, Mary (1827). New Russia: Journey from Riga to the Crimea, by way of Kiev; with some account of the colonization, and the manners and customs of the colonists of New Russia; to which are added notes relating to the Crim Tatars. London: Sherwood, Jones,. LCCN 49-042378. 
  • "Kiev: the city, its residents, problems of today, wishes for tomorrow.", Zerkalo Nedeli, April 29 - May 12, 2006. . Available online in Russian and in Ukrainian

1913 advertisement for the 11th edition, with the slogan When in doubt — look it up in the Encyclopædia Britannica The Encyclopædia Britannica (properly spelled with æ, the ae-ligature) was first published in 1768–1771 as The Britannica was an important early English-language general encyclopedia and is still... The Columbia Encyclopedia is a one-volume encyclopedia produced by Columbia University Press and sold by the Gale Group. ... Dr. George Robert Ackworth Conquest (born July 15, 1917), British historian, became one of the best-known writers on the Soviet Union with the publication, in 1968, of his account of Stalins purges of the 1930s, The Great Terror. ... The first Ukrainian Census after the dissolution of the Soviet Union was carried out by State Statistics Committee of Ukraine on December 5, 2001, twelve years after the last All-Union census in 1989. ... Zerkalo Nedeli (Дзеркало тижня - Dzerkal Tyzhnia Ukrainian: Weekly Mirror) is Ukraine’s most influential analytical weekly. ... The Library of Congress Control Number or LCCN is a serially based system of numbering books in the Library of Congress in the United States. ... Zerkalo Nedeli (Дзеркало тижня - Dzerkal Tyzhnia Ukrainian: Weekly Mirror) is Ukraine’s most influential analytical weekly. ...

External links

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  • Official Kiev city administration webportal
  • Wikimapia - Satellite view of Kiev
  • Kiev sites catalogue
  • Kiev & Kiev From Above - additional views of the city center
  • KievUA webportal
  • Kiev in Old Postcards
  • Kiev travel guide from Wikitravel

Kiev or Kyiv? Wikitravel is a project to create an open content, complete, up-to-date, and reliable world-wide travel guide. ...

Official documents:

  • Kiev or Kyiv? - Resolution of the Ukrainian commission for legal terminology
  • U.S. Board of Geographic Names Decision to Change Official Spelling of Kiev to Kyiv

Non-official documents:

  • Kiev or Kyiv? Turin or Torino? — CBC News article about use of city names
  • Fred Weir, Kiev or Kyiv: language an issue in Ukraine, The Christian Science Monitor, June 28, 2000
Preceded by
Istanbul 2004
Eurovision Song Contest Hosts Kyiv
2005
Succeeded by
Helsinki 2007


The Christian Science Monitor (CSM) is an international newspaper published daily, Monday through Friday. ... Istanbul (Turkish: , Greek: , historically Byzantium and later Constantinople; see other names) is Turkeys most populous city, and its cultural and financial center. ... The Eurovision Song Contest 2004 was the forty-ninth Eurovision Song Contest, held in the Abdi Ä°pekçi Arena in Istanbul, Turkey, with the final on 15 May 2004, and the new semi-final three days earlier, on 12 May 2004. ... The modern logo was introduced for the 2004 Contest to create a consistent visual identity. ... The Eurovision Song Contest 2005 was the fiftieth edition of the Eurovision Song Contest, which was held at the Palace of Sports, Kiev (Kyiv), Ukraine. ... The Eurovision Song Contest 2005 was the fiftieth edition of the Eurovision Song Contest, which was held at the Palace of Sports, Kiev (Kyiv), Ukraine. ... Location of Helsinki in Northern Europe Coordinates: , Country Finland Province Southern Finland Region Uusimaa Sub-region Helsinki Charter 1550 Capital city 1812 Government  - City manager Jussi Pajunen Area  - City 187. ... The Eurovision Song Contest 2007 was the 52nd edition of the Eurovision Song Contest. ...

Coat of arms of Kiev Subdivisions of Kiev, Ukraine Flag of Ukraine

Raions: DarnytskyiDesnianskyiDniprovskyiHolosiivskyiObolonskyiPecherskyiPodilskyiShevchenkivskyiSolomianskyiSviatoshynskyi Image File history File links Kiew-city-COA.PNG File links The following pages link to this file: Kiev Template:Infobox Kiev Coat of Arms of Kiev User:Sashazlv/Kyiv ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ukraine. ... Kiev, the capital of Ukraine, is subdivided into administrative raions (districts), which have their own units of central and local government with jurisdiction over a limited scope of affairs. ... Darnytsia Raion (Ukrainian: ), is a raion (administrative district) of the Ukrainian capital Kiev (Kyiv). ... Area 148 km² Population 342,700 Pop. ... Area 66. ... Area 156. ... Area 110,2 km² Population 306 Pop. ... Pechersk or Pechersk (Ukrainian: ) is a neighborhood in Kiev (Kyiv), the capital of Ukraine, located on the hills adjoining the right bank of the Dnieper river. ... Podil is a historic neighborhood in the city of Kiev, which houses the citys funiculaire and the Dnieper river station. ... Area 27 km² Population    â€” Total 225,155  â€” Density 8,339/km² Mayor Landmarks Metro stations Universytet, Vokzalna, Politekhnichnyi Instytut, Shuliavska, Beresteiska, Nyvky Website: www. ... Area 40. ... Area km² Population 360,000 Pop. ...

Right Bank Neighbourhoods: Akademmistechko • Baikove • Borschahivka • Chokolivka • Demiivka • Feofania • Holosiiv • Koncha-Zaspa • Korchuvate • Kurenivka • Lukianivka • Lypky • Lysa Hora • Minskyi Masyv • NyvkyObolon • Pankivschyna • Pechersk • Petrivka • PyrohivPodil • Priorka • Puscha-Vodytsia • Shuliavka • Solomianka • Sovky • Sviatoshyn • Syrets • Tatarka • Telychka • Teremky • Vidradnyi • Vita • VydubychiVynohradar • Yevbaz • Zabaikove • Zamkova HoraZhulyany • Zvirynets Kiev, the capital of Ukraine, is subdivided into administrative raions (districts), which have their own units of central and local government with jurisdiction over a limited scope of affairs. ... Borshchahivka (Ukrainian: ) is a neighbourhood located to the west and south-west of Kiev, Ukraine. ... Area 156. ... Kurenivka or Kurenovka (Ukrainian: ; Russian: , translit. ... Lysa Hora (Ukrainian: Лиса Гора; Russian: Лысая гора (Lysaya Gora); literally Bald Mountain) is a large woody hill in the Ukrainian capital Kiev, near the confluence of the Dnieper and Lybid rivers. ... Nyvky (Ukrainian: ) is a neighbourhood in Kiev, Ukraine. ... Area 110,2 km² Population 306 Pop. ... Pechersk or Pechersk (Ukrainian: ) is a neighborhood in Kiev (Kyiv), the capital of Ukraine, located on the hills adjoining the right bank of the Dnieper river. ... This ensemble of authentic windmills is the centerpiece of a 150-Hectare open air Museum of Folk Architecture and Life of Ukraine Pyrohiv (Ukrainian: ), also known as Pirogovo (Russian: ), originally a village south of Kiev, is a neighborhood in the southern outskirts of the Ukrainian capital city. ... Podil is a historic neighborhood in the city of Kiev, which houses the citys funiculaire and the Dnieper river station. ... Area km² Population 360,000 Pop. ... Vidradnyi (Ukrainian: ) is a neighbourhood in Kiev, Ukraine. ... The view of the Vydubychi Monastery with the park ovelooking the Dnieper River and the Left-bank city neighborhoods. ... Vynohradar (Ukrainian: ) is a historical neighbourhood in the Ukrainian capital Kiev (Kyiv). ... Zamkova Hora hill (Ukrainian: , literally Castle Hill) in Kiev, Ukraine is a historical landmark in the center of the city. ... Zhulyany (Ukrainian: ) is a neighbourhood located in the south-west of Kiev, Ukraine. ...

Left Bank Neighbourhoods: Berezniaky • Bortnychi • Bykivnia • Chervonyi Hutir • DarnytsiaKharkivskyi MasyvLisova • Livoberezhna • OsokorkyPozniakyRusanivkaTroieschyna • Voskresenka Kiev, the capital of Ukraine, is subdivided into administrative raions (districts), which have their own units of central and local government with jurisdiction over a limited scope of affairs. ... Berezniaky (Ukrainian: ) is a historical neighbourhood, on the left bank of Kiev, the capital of Ukraine. ... Bykivnia (Russian: Bykovnia) is a small village on the outskirts of Kyiv, Ukraine. ... Darnytsia Raion (Ukrainian: ), is a raion (administrative district) of the Ukrainian capital Kiev (Kyiv). ... Kharkivskyi neighborhood, in Kiev, Ukraine, often referred to as Kharkivskyi massyv (Ukrainian: ) was first developed between the mid 1980s and early 1990s as an expansion of the Darnytsia raion (administrative district) of the capital. ... Lisovyi masyv or Lisova (Ukrainian: ; literally: Forest neighbourhood) is a neighbourhood located in the northeast part of the city of Kiev, the capital of Ukraine. ... Osokorky (Ukrainian: ) is a historical neighbourhood, on the left bank of Kiev, the capital of Ukraine. ... Pozniaky (Ukrainian: ) is a historical neighbourhood, on the left bank of Kiev, the capital of Ukraine. ... Rusanivka (Русанівка) was originally an old neighborhood with single family Ukrainian homes. ... Troieschyna (Ukrainian: ) is a historical neighbourhood, part of the Desnianskyi Raion, on the left bank of Kiev, the capital of Ukraine. ...

Islands: HidroparkTrukhanivRybalskyi • Vodnykiv Hidropark Beach Hidropark (Гідропарк) is an island on Dnipro River in Kyiv, Ukraine. ... Trukhanov Ostrov (Ukrainian: , translit. ... Plan for the reconstruction of the Rybalskyi Peninsula, including the construction of a new Kiev City-Centre buisiness center. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Kiev.info - travel and hotel guide for Kiev, Ukraine (387 words)
Kiev is the capital city of Ukraine, its largest economical, political, educational and cultural center.
Traveling to this city may be one of the most pleasurable experiences in your life.
The Kiev Information section embraces all aspects of Kiev’s impetuous and bright life and tells about the past and present of the capital of Ukraine.
Kiev - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (4497 words)
The city is adjoined by the mouth of the Desna River and the Kiev Reservoir in the north, and the Kaniv Reservoir in the south.
Kiev is one of the most ancient and important cities of the region, the center of the Rus' civilization, survivor of numerous wars, purges, and genocides.
As of the All-Ukrainian Census conducted in 2001, the population of Kiev is 2,611,000.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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