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Encyclopedia > Kielce

Panorama Kielc Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 27 pixels Full resolution (17500 × 600 pixel, file size: 3. ...

Kielce
Coat of arms of Kielce
(Coat of arms)
Motto: -
Basic Information
Country Poland
Voivodeship Świętokrzyskie
Powiat (County) Kielce City County
Gmina (Commune) Kielce
Urban Information
Population 207,718
Area of district 109,65 km²
Founded 11th century
City rights before 1295
Latitude
Longitude
50°53' N
20°37' E
Gmina Kielce
Type of commune -
Districts (No.) -
Area 109.45 km²
Agglomeration 410,000
Density 1851/km²
Area code +48 41
Postal code 25-001 to 25-900
Car plates TK
Twin towns Dniprodzerzhins'k, Flint, Gävle, Gorizia, Gotha, Herning, Nitra, Orange, Vinnytsa
Economy and Traffic
Economy -
Highway Kraków – Warsaw
Railway -
Airport John Paul II International Airport Kraków-Balice
Administration
Mayor Wojciech Lubawski
Municipal Address Rynek 1
25-303 Kielce
Municipal Website
Map of the centre of Kielce
Map of the centre of Kielce
Monastery
Monastery
Exbud headquarters-symbol of today's Kielce City
Exbud headquarters-symbol of today's Kielce City
The monument to commemorate of tragedy in New York 11 September 2001
The monument to commemorate of tragedy in New York 11 September 2001
Bishops' Palace
Bishops' Palace
Building of Stefan Żeromski Theatre
Building of Stefan Żeromski Theatre
The new stadium in Kielce
The new stadium in Kielce
Bus Station in Kielce of characterisic shape of alien saucer
Bus Station in Kielce of characterisic shape of alien saucer

Kielce ([ˈkjεlʦε] ) is a city in central Poland with 202,609 inhabitants (2006). It is also the capital city of the Świętokrzyskie Voivodeship (Holy Cross Voivodeship) since 1999, previously in Kielce Voivodeship (1919-1939, 1945-1998). The city is located in the middle of the Holy Cross Mountains, at the banks of Silnica river. Once an important centre of limestone mining, Kielce is nowadays a centre of trade and commerce. It is the site of the infamous post World War II anti-Semitic pogrom known as the Kielce pogrom. Image File history File links Herb_miasta_Kielce. ... A motto (from Italian) is a phrase or a short list of words meant formally to describe the general motivation or intention of an entity, social group, or organization. ... Kielce on a map of Poland File links The following pages link to this file: Kielce Categories: GFDL images ... In political geography and international politics a country is a geographical entity, a territory, most commonly associated with the notions of state or nation. ... A Voivodship (also voivodeship, Romanian: Voievodat, Polish: Województwo, Serbian: Vojvodstvo or Vojvodina) was a feudal state in medieval Romania, Hungary, Poland, Russia and Serbia (see Vojvodina), ruled by a Voivod (voivode). ... ÅšwiÄ™tokrzyskie Voivodeship ÅšwiÄ™tokrzyskie Voivodeship (Polish: ) is an administrative region, or voivodeship, of central Poland. ... A county (Polish: powiat, pronounced povyat; plural, powiaty) is the Polish third-level unit of administration, equivalent to a county, district or prefecture (NUTS-4 or rather LAU-1) in other countries. ... The municipality or commune (Polish: gmina, plural: gminy) is the principal unit (lowest level) of territorial division in Poland. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... As a means of recording the passage of time, the 11th century was that century which lasted from 1001 to 1100. ... Events Mongol leader Ghazan Khan is converted to Islam, ending a line of Tantric Buddhist leaders. ... The municipality or commune (Polish: gmina, plural: gminy) is the principal unit (lowest level) of territorial division in Poland. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... In the study of human settlements, an agglomeration is an extended city or town area comprising the built-up area of a central place (usually a municipality) and any suburbs or adjacent satellite towns. ... In physics, density is mass m per unit volume V. For the common case of a homogeneous substance, it is expressed as: where, in SI units: ρ (rho) is the density of the substance, measured in kg·m-3 m is the mass of the substance, measured in kg V is... A telephone numbering plan is a system that allows subscribers to make and receive telephone calls across long distances. ... Postal codes are generally clearly visible outside local Australian post offices. ... // Introduction to this topic - includes background information for people living outside Poland Common to many countries - in fact there is a growing tendency to do so since the UK also began regionalising plates in 2002 - Poland has the region of registration of the vehicle encoded in the number plate. ... —— // This is a list of twin towns or sister cities — that is, pairs of towns or cities in different countries which have town twinning arrangements. ... Nickname: Location of Flint within Genesee County, Michigan. ... Gävle [jÉ›vlÉ™] is a Swedish city in east central Sweden with 81,000 inhabitants, and the seat of Gävle Municipality (pop. ... Gorizia (Slovenian: Gorica, German: Görz, Friulian: Gurize) is a small town at the foot of the Alps, in northeastern Italy, on the border with Slovenia. ... Map of Germany showing Gotha Gotha is a town in the Land of Bundesland of Thuringia, in Germany. ... Location of Herning municipality Herning is a municipality (Danish, kommune) in Region Midtjylland on the Jutland peninsula in western Denmark. ... Nitra - City Center Nitra (German: ( ); Hungarian: / Nyitria [archaic]) is a city in western Slovakia (and the fourth largest urban settlement in Slovakia) situated at the foot of Zobor Mountain in the Nitra River valley. ... Orange (Provençal Occitan: Aurenja in classical norm or Aurenjo in Mistralian norm) is a town and commune in the département of Vaucluse, in the south of France. ... Vinnytsia Oblast (Ukrainian: ) is an oblast of Ukraine. ... Main Article: Transport in Poland Polish motorway network as of September, 2006. ... John Paul II International Airport Kraków-Balice (Polish: ) (IATA: KRK, ICAO: EPKK) is a two terminal international airport located near Kraków, in the village of Balice, 11 km west of the city, in the south of Poland. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... Image File history File links Map_of_the_center_of_Kielce. ... Image File history File links Map_of_the_center_of_Kielce. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1000x750, 213 KB) 17th-century church and monastery on a hill Karczowka in Kielce, Poland. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1000x750, 213 KB) 17th-century church and monastery on a hill Karczowka in Kielce, Poland. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (960x1280, 181 KB) PL: Siedziba Exbudu, Kielce, Polska, 2003 r. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (960x1280, 181 KB) PL: Siedziba Exbudu, Kielce, Polska, 2003 r. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1704x2272, 757 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Kielce ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1704x2272, 757 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Kielce ... This is a file from the Wikimedia Commons, a repository of free content hosted by the Wikimedia Foundation. ... This is a file from the Wikimedia Commons, a repository of free content hosted by the Wikimedia Foundation. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1536x2048, 996 KB) pl: Teatr Å»eromskiego w Kielcach en: Å»eromski Theatre in Kielce Autor/Author: Grzegorz Pietrzak (user VindicatoR) Data/Date: 16. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1536x2048, 996 KB) pl: Teatr Å»eromskiego w Kielcach en: Å»eromski Theatre in Kielce Autor/Author: Grzegorz Pietrzak (user VindicatoR) Data/Date: 16. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1024x768, 170 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Korona Kielce Stadion Miejski Kielce ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1024x768, 170 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Korona Kielce Stadion Miejski Kielce ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1091x827, 284 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Kielce Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1091x827, 284 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Kielce Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create... Image File history File links Kielce. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... Capital city Kielce Area 11,672 km² Population (2006)  - Density 1,283,500 110/km² Powiats  - Urban counties  - Land counties 1 13 Communes 102 Administrative divisions: ÅšwiÄ™tokrzyskie Voivodeship (Polish: ) should preferably be translated as the ÅšwiÄ™tokrzyskie province, as it is an administrative region, or voivodeship, of central Poland. ... Year 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1999 Gregorian calendar). ... Kielce Voivodeship (1) (Polish: województwo kieleckie) - a unit of administrative division and local government in Poland in years 1975-1998, superseded by ÅšwiÄ™tokrzyskie Voivodeship. ... Year 1919 (MCMXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar). ... 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full year calendar). ... 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday. ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... Swietokrzyskie Mountains landscape Świętokrzyskie Mountains (sometimes also Holy Cross Mountains, Polish Góry Świętokrzyskie) are a mountain range in central Poland, surrounding the city of Kielce. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Pogrom (from Russian: ; from громить IPA: - to wreak havoc, to demolish violently) is a form of riot directed against a particular group, whether ethnic, religious or other, and characterized by destruction of their homes, businesses and religious centers. ... Kielce pogrom refers to the events on July 4, 1946, in the Polish town of Kielce, when forty Polish Jews were massacred and eighty wounded out of about two hundred Holocaust survivors who returned home after World War II. Among victims were also two Gentile Poles. ...

Contents

History

The area of Kielce has been inhabitated at least since 5th century BC. Until 6th or 7th century the banks of the Silnica were inhabitated by Kelts who most probably were the name-sake for the location. They were driven out by a Slavic tribe of Vistulans who started hunting in the nearby huge forests and had settled most of the area now known as Malopolska and present-day Świętokrzyskie Voivodeship. The lands of Wiślanie were at first subdued by Bohemia, however they soon came under the power of the Piast dynasty and became a part of Poland. According to a local legend, Mieszko, son of Boleslaus II of Poland was attacked by a band of brigands in a forest. He was saved by a vision of Saint Adalbert. In the place of his vision he erected a wooden church. The 6th century is the period from 501 - 600 in accordance with the Julian calendar in the Christian Era. ... The 7th century is the period from 601 - 700 in accordance with the Julian calendar in the Christian Era. ... This article is about the European people. ... The Slavic peoples are the most numerous ethnic and linguistic body of peoples in Europe. ... Vistulans (Polish: WiÅ›lanie) were a Lechitic tribe inhabiting, since at least 7th century, lands known today as Lesser Poland. ... Kraków Katowice WrocÅ‚aw Łódź PoznaÅ„ Bydgoszcz Lublin BiaÅ‚ystok GdaÅ„sk Szczecin Warsaw M A S O V I A S I L E S I A G R E A T E R P O L A N D L E S S E R P O... Capital city Kielce Area 11,672 km² Population (2006)  - Density 1,283,500 110/km² Powiats  - Urban counties  - Land counties 1 13 Communes 102 Administrative divisions: ÅšwiÄ™tokrzyskie Voivodeship (Polish: ) should preferably be translated as the ÅšwiÄ™tokrzyskie province, as it is an administrative region, or voivodeship, of central Poland. ... Flag of Bohemia Bohemia (Czech: ; German: ) is a historical region in central Europe, occupying the western and middle thirds of the Czech Republic. ... The Piast dynasty is a line of Kings and dukes that ruled Poland from its beginnings as an independent state up to 1370. ... Boleslaus II on Jan Matejkos painting Boleslaus II was a duke and king of Poland 1058-1079 (crowned 1076). ... Saint Adalbert may be referring to: Adalbert of Prague Adalbert of Magdeburg This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ...


In reality the area of the Holy Cross Mountains was almost unpopulated until 11th century when the first hunters established permanent settlements at the outskirts of the mountains. They needed a place to trade furs and meat for grain and other necessary products and so the market of Kielce was formed. In early 12th century the new settlement became a property of the Bishops of Kraków who built a wooden church and a manor. In 1171 a stone church was erected by bishop Gedeon Gryf. At the times of Wincenty Kadłubek a parochial school in Kielce was started in 1229. By 1295 the town was awarded with the city rights. In mid-13th century the town was destroyed by Mongol invasion of Ögedei Khan, but it quickly recovered. Swietokrzyskie Mountains landscape Świętokrzyskie Mountains (sometimes also Holy Cross Mountains, Polish Góry Świętokrzyskie) are a mountain range in central Poland, surrounding the city of Kielce. ... As a means of recording the passage of time, the 11th century was that century which lasted from 1001 to 1100. ... (11th century - 12th century - 13th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 12th century was that century which lasted from 1101 to 1200. ... Wawel Hill, Old Town, Kraków. ... Events Saladin abolishes the Fatimid caliphate, restoring Sunni rule in Egypt. ... Wincenty KadÅ‚ubek, also known as Vincent Kadlubek, Vincent Kadlubo, Vincent Kadlubko, Vincent of Cracow. ... Events February 18 - The Sixth Crusade: Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor signs a ten-year truce with al-Kamil, regaining Jerusalem, Nazareth, and Bethlehem with neither military engagements nor support from the papacy. ... Events Mongol leader Ghazan Khan is converted to Islam, ending a line of Tantric Buddhist leaders. ... Town privileges was an important feature of European towns during most of the 2nd millenium. ... (12th century - 13th century - 14th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 13th century was that century which lasted from 1201 to 1300. ... Honorary guard of Mongolia. ... Ögedei Khan, (Mongolian: , Ögöödei; Chinese: ; pinyin: ; also Ogotai or Oktay; 1186-1241), was the third son of Genghis Khan and second Great Khan of the Mongol Empire by succeeding his father. ...


The area around Kielce was rich in minerals such as copper ore, lead ore, and iron, as well as limestone. In 15th century Kielce became a significant centre of metallurgy. There were also several glass factories and armourer shops in the town. In 1527 bishop Piotr Tomicki founded a bell for the church and between 1637 and 1642 renaissance palace was erected near the market place. It is one of the very few examples of French Renaissance architecture in Poland and the only example of a magnate's manor from the times of Vasa dynasty to survive the World War II. General Name, Symbol, Number copper, Cu, 29 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 11, 4, d Appearance metallic pinkish red Standard atomic weight 63. ... For Pb as an abbreviation, see PB. General Name, Symbol, Number lead, Pb, 82 Chemical series poor metals Group, Period, Block 14, 6, p Appearance bluish gray Standard atomic weight 207. ... General Name, Symbol, Number iron, Fe, 26 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 8, 4, d Appearance lustrous metallic with a grayish tinge Standard atomic weight 55. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... (14th century - 15th century - 16th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 15th century was that century which lasted from 1401 to 1500. ... January 5 - Felix Manz, co-founder of the Swiss Anabaptists, was drowned in the Limmat in Zürich by the Zürich Reformed state church. ... Events February 3 - Tulipmania collapses in Netherlands by government order February 15 - Ferdinand III becomes Holy Roman Emperor December 17 - Shimabara Rebellion erupts in Japan Pierre de Fermat makes a marginal claim to have proof of what would become known as Fermats last theorem. ... Events January 4 - Charles I attempts to arrest five leading members of the Long Parliament, but they escape. ... The Renaissance (French for rebirth, or Rinascimento in Italian), was a cultural movement in Italy (and in Europe in general) that began in the late Middle Ages, and spanned roughly the 14th through the 17th century. ... The Vasa Coat of Arms The House of Vasa was the Royal House of Sweden (1523-1654) and of Poland (1587-1668). ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000...


During The Deluge the town was pillaged and burnt by the Swedes. Only the palace and the church survived, but the town managed to recover under the rule of bishop Andrzej Załuski. By 1761 Kielce had more than 4.000 inhabitants. In 1789 Kielce were nationalised and the burgers were granted the right to elect their own representatives in Sejm. Until the end of the century the city's economy entered a period of fast growth. A brewery was founded as well as several brick manufactories, a horse breeder, hospital, school and a religious college. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Andrzej StanisÅ‚aw Kostka ZaÅ‚uski (1695—1758), was a priest (bishop) in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. ... 1761 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... 1789 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Nationalization is the act of taking assets into state ownership. ... The Sejm building in Warsaw. ... The entrance of a brewery. ...


As a result of the 3rd Partition the town was annexed by Austria. During the Polish-Austrian War of 1809 it was captured by prince Józef Poniatowski and joined with the Duchy of Warsaw, but after the fall of Napoleon Bonaparte in 1815 it was joined with the Kingdom of Poland. For a brief period when Kraków was an independent city-state (Republic of Kraków), Kielce became the capital of the Kraków Voivodeship. Thanks to the efforts by Stanisław Staszic Kielce became the centre of the newly-established Old-Polish Industrial Zone (Staropolski Okręg Przemysłowy). The town grew quickly as new mines, quarries and factories were constructed. In 1816 the first Polish technical university was founded in Kielce. However, after Staszic's death the Industrial Zone declined and in 1826 the school was moved to Warsaw and became the Warsaw University of Technology. The Partitions of Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth (Polish: Rozbiór Polski or Rozbiory Polski; Lithuanian: Lietuvos-Lenkijos padalijimai, Belarusian: Падзелы Рэчы Паспалітай) took place in the 18th century and ended the existence of the sovereign Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. ... Year 1809 (MDCCCIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar). ... Noble Family Poniatowski Coat of Arms CioÅ‚ek Parents Andrzej Poniatowski Maria Teresa Kinsky Consorts Zelia SitaÅ„ska Zofia Potocka Children with Zelia SitaÅ„ska: Józef SzczÄ™sny Poniatowski; with Zofia Potocka: Karol Józef Poniatowski. ... Coat of arms Map of the Duchy of Warsaw after 1809. ... Bonaparte as general Napoleon Bonaparte ( 15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a general of the French Revolution and was the ruler of France as First Consul (Premier Consul) of the French Republic from November 11, 1799 to May 18, 1804, then as Emperor of the French (Empereur des... April 5-12: Mount Tambora explodes, changing climate. ... Map of Congress Poland. ... Wawel Hill, Old Town, Kraków. ... A city-state is a region controlled exclusively by a city. ... The Free City of Kraków (Polish: Wolne Miasto Kraków), also known as Republic of Kraków (Rzeczpospolita Krakowska), was a city-state created by the Congress of Vienna in 1815 and controlled by its three neighbors, Russia, Prussia and Austria until 1846. ... Kraków Voivodeship refers to several historical Voivodeships of Poland. ... StanisÅ‚aw Staszic. ... 1816 was a leap year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... The oldest surviving photograph, Nicéphore Niépce, circa 1826 1826 (MDCCCXXVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Motto: Contemnit procellas (It defies the storms) Semper invicta (Always invincible) Coordinates: Country Poland Voivodeship Masovia Powiat city county Gmina Warszawa Districts 18 boroughs City Rights turn of the 13th century Government  - Mayor Hanna Gronkiewicz-Waltz (PO) Area  - City 516. ... Warsaw University of Technology is the largest academic school of technology in Poland, and one of the largest in East Europe, employing 2. ...


In 1830 many of the inhabitants of Kielce took part in the November Uprising against Russia. In 1844 a priest Piotr Ściegienny intended a local uprising to liberate Kielce from Russian rule, for which he was sent to Siberia. In 1863 Kielce took part in the January Uprising. As a reprisal for insubordination the tsarist authorities closed all Polish schools and turned Kielce into a military garrison city. Polish language was banned. Because of that many gymnasium students took part in the 1905 Revolution and were joined by factory workers. Liberty Leading the People by Eugène Delacroix commemorates the July Revolution 1830 (MDCCCXXX) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Coat-of-arms of the November Uprising. ... Jan. ... It has been suggested that Western Siberia be merged into this article or section. ... Year 1863 (MDCCCLXIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Polonia (Poland), 1863, by Jan Matejko, 1864, oil on canvas, 156 × 232 cm, National Museum, Kraków. ... Polish (jÄ™zyk polski, polszczyzna) is the official language of Poland. ... A gymnasium (pronounced with or, in Swedish, as opposed to ) is a type of school providing secondary education in some parts of Europe, comparable to English Grammar Schools and U.S. High Schools. ... (Redirected from 1905 Revolution) The Russian Revolution of 1905 was a country-wide spasm of anti-government and undirected violence. ...


After the outbreak of the World War I Kielce were the first Polish city to be liberated from Russian rule by the Polish Legions under Józef Piłsudski. After the war when Poland regained its independence after 123 years of Partitions, Kielce became the capital of Kielce Voivodeship. The plans of strengthening of Polish heavy and war industries resulted in Kielce becoming one of the main nodes of the Central Industrial Area (Centralny Okręg Przemysłowy). The town housed several big factories, among them munitions factory "Granat" and food processing plant Społem. “The Great War ” redirects here. ... Polish Legions (Polish Legiony Polskie) was the name of Polish armed forces created in August of 1914 in Galicia. ... Office Chief of State, Marshal of Poland Term of office from November 14, 1918 until December 9, 1922 Profession Statesman Political party none (see Sanacja for details), formerly PPS Spouse Maria PiÅ‚sudska Aleksandra PiÅ‚sudska Date of birth December 5, 1867 Place of birth Zułów, in todays... Kielce Voivodeship (1) (Polish: województwo kieleckie) - a unit of administrative division and local government in Poland in years 1975-1998, superseded by ÅšwiÄ™tokrzyskie Voivodeship. ... Centralny Okręg Przemysłowy (Polish for Central Industrial Region, abbreviated COP) was one of the biggest economic projects of the Second Polish Republic. ...


During the Polish Defensive War of 1939 main part of the defenders of Westerplatte as well as armoured brigade of General Stanisław Maczek were either from Kielce or from its close suburbs. During the occupation that lasted for most of the World War II the town was an important centre of resistance. There were several resistance groups active in the town (among them the Armia Krajowa and the Gwardia Ludowa). Moreover, the hills and forests of Holy Cross Mountains became a scene of heavy partisan activity. A small town of Pinczów located some 30 kilometres from Kielce became the capital of the so-called Pinczów Republic, a piece of Polish land controlled by the partisans. The Swietokrzyskie Mountains Home Army District fought against the Germans long before the Operation Tempest started inflicting heavy casualties on the occupying forces and later taking part in the final liberation of their towns and cities in January 1945. During the war many of inhabitants of Kielce lost their lives, most notably almost all of the Jews who lived there. In 1944, German Nazis massacred 45 Jewish children at the Kielce cemetery in an event that came to be known as the Kielce cemetery massacre, one of the many bloody assaults on groups of Jews that decimated the Jewish population of the city. The few remaining Jewish survivors left after the Kielce pogrom in July 1946, when 40 Jews and 2 Gentile Poles were massacred while Polish police and military stood by doing nothing to stop the mob. Combatants Poland Germany, Slovakia, Soviet Union Commanders Edward Rydz-ÅšmigÅ‚y Fedor von Bock (Army Group North), Gerd von Rundstedt (Army Group South), Mikhail Kovalov (Belorussian Front), Semyon Timoshenko (Ukrainian Front), Ferdinand ÄŒatloÅ¡ (Field Army Bernolak) Strength 39 divisions, 16 brigades, 4,300 guns, 880 tanks, 400 aircraft Total: 950... Combatants Poland Nazi Germany Commanders Henryk Sucharski (nominal) Franciszek DÄ…browski (de-facto) Friedrich Eberhardt (land) Gustav Kleikamp (sea) Strength 182 soldiers 25 civilians 1 M1902 gun 2 Bofors 37 mm AT guns 4 Brandt 81 mm mortars 41 MGs 3,500 soldiers 47-70 Stuka dive bombers 65 guns... Gen. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Armia Krajowa (the Home Army), abbreviated AK, was the dominant Polish resistance movement in World War II German-occupied Poland. ... Gwardia Ludowa (Peoples Guard, abbreviated GL) was a communist armed organisation in Poland, organised by the Soviet created Polish Workers Party. ... Swietokrzyskie Mountains landscape Świętokrzyskie Mountains (sometimes also Holy Cross Mountains, Polish Góry Świętokrzyskie) are a mountain range in central Poland, surrounding the city of Kielce. ... Look up partisan in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... PiÅ„czów is a town in Poland, in ÅšwiÄ™tokrzyskie Voivodship, about 40 km south of Kielce. ... For other uses, see Tempest. ... 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday. ... The Nazi party used a right-facing swastika as their symbol and the red and black colors were said to represent Blut und Boden (blood and soil). ... The Kielce cemetery massacre refers to an event that occurred in 1944, in which 45 Jewish children who had survived the Kielce ghetto and concentration camps were brought to the cemetery in Kielce, Poland and were murdered by German Nazis [1]. The children ranged in age from 13 months to... Kielce pogrom refers to the events on July 4, 1946, in the Polish town of Kielce, when forty Polish Jews were massacred and eighty wounded out of about two hundred Holocaust survivors who returned home after World War II. Among victims were also two Gentile Poles. ...


Today, Kielce is a rapidly developing city, of growing regional importance.


Tourists attractions

  • Palace of Cracow Bishops (1637-1641): summer residence of Bishops of Cracow, built in early baroque style; houses a museum with an important gallery of Polish paintings
  • Baroque Cathedral (12th century, rebuilt 1632-1635 and again in 19th century)
  • Holy Trinity Church (1640-1644)
  • Tomasz Zieliński romantic manor (1846-1858)
  • Old Town market (18th century)
  • Sienkiewicza Street
  • Stefan Żeromski museum
  • Synagogue (renaissance)
  • 5 geological nature reserves in town area
  • Kadzielnia Gorge (a former quarry where many of the DDR westerns were shot) - including parts of the
  • Holy Cross Mountains

Events February 3 - Tulipmania collapses in Netherlands by government order February 15 - Ferdinand III becomes Holy Roman Emperor December 17 - Shimabara Rebellion erupts in Japan Pierre de Fermat makes a marginal claim to have proof of what would become known as Fermats last theorem. ... Events The Long Parliament passes a series of legislation designed to contain Charles Is absolutist tendencies. ... Adoration, by Peter Paul Rubens. ... See also: 1632 (novel) Events February 22 - Galileos Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems is published July 23 - 300 colonists for New France depart Dieppe November 8 - Wladyslaw IV Waza elected king of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth after Zygmunt III Waza death November 16 - Battle of Lützen... Events February 10 - The Académie française in Paris is expanded to become a national academy for the artistic elite. ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... Events December 1 - Portugal regains its independence from Spain and João IV of Portugal becomes king. ... // Events February to August - Explorer Abel Tasmans second expedition for the Dutch East India Company maps the north coast of Australia. ... 1846 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... 1858 (MDCCCLVIII) is a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... (17th century - 18th century - 19th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 18th century refers to the century that lasted from 1701 through 1800. ... Sienkiewicza Street Sienkiewicza Street in Kielce is the main commercial and historic artery of the city, of Kielc. ... Stefan Jelita-Å»eromski Stefan Å»eromski ((?); October 14, 1864 - November 20, 1925) was a Polish novelist. ... A nature reserve (natural reserve, nature preserve, natural preserve) is an area of importance for wildlife, flora, fauna or features of geological or other special interest, which is reserved and managed for conservation and to provide special opportunities for study or research. ... Broncho Billy Anderson, from The Great Train Robbery The Western movie is one of the classic American film genres. ... Swietokrzyskie Mountains landscape Świętokrzyskie Mountains (sometimes also Holy Cross Mountains, Polish Góry Świętokrzyskie) are a mountain range in central Poland, surrounding the city of Kielce. ...

Education

  • Politechnika Świętokrzyska (Kielce University of Technology) [1]
  • Akademia Świętokrzyska im. Jana Kochanowskiego (Jan Kochanowski University) [2]
  • Swietokrzyska Szkola Wyzsza
  • Wszechnica Swietokrzyska
  • Wyzsza Szkola Administracji Publicznej
  • Wyzsza Szkola Ekonomii i Administracji im. prof. Edwarda Lipinskiego
  • Wyzsza Szkola Handlowa im. Boleslawa Markowskiego
  • Wyzsza Szkola Umiejetnosci
  • Wyzsza Szkola Technik Komputerowych i Telekomunikacji
  • Wyzsza Szkola Zarzadzania Gospodarka Regionalna i Turystyka
  • Wyzsza Szkola Telekomunikacji i Informatyki www
  • Towarzystwo Wiedzy Powszechnej OR Kielce
  • Stefan Żeromski High School www
  • Jan Śniadecki High School [3]
  • Hanka Sawicka High School

Culture

Cinemas

  • "Moskwa" www
  • "Kinoplex" www

Theatres

  • Stefan Żeromski Theatre www
  • "Kubuś" - The puppet and actor Theatre www

Sports

Kolporter Kielce is a Polish womens handball team, based in Kielce, playing in Polish Ekstraklasa Womens Handball League (Premiership League). ... Handball is a popular team sport in Poland. ... Season 2004/2005 teams Season 2003/2004 final results 1st-6th place group 1. ... Kolporter Korona Kielce is: Kolporter Kielce - womens handball team playing in Polish Ekstraklasa Womens Handball League: 9th place in 2003/2004 season. ... Polish Football Association Football (soccer) is one of the most popular sports in Poland. ... Orange Ekstraklasa is the official name of the Polish football premier league. ...

Transportation

Sister cities

Image File history File links Flag_of_Hungary. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Csepel is District XXI of Budapest, in the south. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ukraine. ... Location Map of Ukraine with Vinnytsia highlighted. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Map of Germany showing Gotha Gotha is a town in the Land of Bundesland of Thuringia, in Germany. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Nickname: Location of Flint within Genesee County, Michigan. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Sweden. ... Sandviken is a Municipality in Gävleborg County, in east central Sweden. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Sweden. ... Gävle [jɛvlə] is a Municipality in Gävleborg County, in east central Sweden. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_France. ... Orange (Provençal Occitan: Aurenja in classical norm or Aurenjo in Mistralian norm) is a town and commune in the département of Vaucluse, in the south of France. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Slovakia_(bordered). ... Nitra - City Center Nitra (German: ( ); Hungarian: / Nyitria [archaic]) is a city in western Slovakia (and the fourth largest urban settlement in Slovakia) situated at the foot of Zobor Mountain in the Nitra River valley. ...

Politics

Kielce constituency

Members of Parliament (Sejm) elected from Kielce constituency in 2005: The Sejm building in Warsaw. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Przemysław Edgar Gosiewski (b. ... Konstanty Miodowicz (born January 09, 1951 in Gniewkowo) is a Polish politician. ... Włodzimierz Stępień (born October 24, 1952 in Kielce) is a Polish politician. ... Małgorzata Olejnik (born June 03, 1966 in Kielce) is a Polish politician. ... Józef Cepil (born March 19, 1960 in Parchocin) is a Polish politician. ... Krzysztof Grzegorek (born May 05, 1961 in Sieradz) is a Polish politician. ... Radosław Parda (born June 28, 1979 in Wrocław) is a Polish politician. ... Leszek Sułek (born April 18, 1954 in Piotrowice) is a Polish politician. ... Mirosław Pawlak (born April 02, 1942 in Zielonki) is a Polish politician. ... Halina Olendzka (born August 31, 1945 in Święta Katarzyna) is a Polish politician. ... Henryk Milcarz (born July 21, 1950 in Zagnańsk) is a Polish politician. ... Andrzej Pałys (born January 02, 1957 in Solec-Zdrój) is a Polish politician. ... Krzysztof Lipiec (born October 11, 1959 in Starachowice) is a Polish politician. ... Jarosław Rusiecki (born July 20, 1961 in Nieskurzów Stary) is a Polish politician. ... Zbigniew Pacelt (born August 26, 1951 in Ostrowiec Świętokrzyski) is a Polish politician. ... Maria Zuba (born April 06, 1951 in Suchedniów) is a Polish politician. ...

Famous people

Czesław Marian Bieżanko (b. ... Gustaw Herling Grudziński (b. ... Wojtek Krakowiak (born August 6, 1976 in Kielce, Poland) is an American soccer player, who most recently played for the Tampa Bay Mutiny of Major League Soccer. ... Stefan Jelita-Å»eromski Stefan Å»eromski ((?); October 14, 1864 - November 20, 1925) was a Polish novelist. ... Jack the Ripper is the pseudonym given to an unidentified serial killer active in the largely impoverished Whitechapel area of London, England in the second half of 1888. ...

See also

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... The Wikimedia Commons (also called Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ... Kielce pogrom refers to the events on July 4, 1946, in the Polish town of Kielce, when forty Polish Jews were massacred and eighty wounded out of about two hundred Holocaust survivors who returned home after World War II. Among victims were also two Gentile Poles. ... Jack the Ripper is the pseudonym given to an unidentified serial killer active in the largely impoverished Whitechapel area of London, England in the second half of 1888. ...

External links

  • Kielce Classifieds
  • Website of Kolporter Korona Kielce
  • Municipal Website
  • WICI Portal of Culture in Kielce - Polish language only
  • Kielce travel guide from Wikitravel
  • Website about new constructions in Kielce - Polish language only
  • Old Kielce on photos - Polish language only
  • Trade Fair Kielce
  • XVII century historical re-enactment group: Kompania Wolontarska

Coordinates: 50°52′21″N, 20°37′55″E Wikitravel is a project to create an open content, complete, up-to-date, and reliable world-wide travel guide. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

Voivodeships of Poland Flag of Poland
Greater Poland | Kuyavia-Pomerania | Lesser Poland | Lower Silesia | Lublin | Lubusz | Łódź | Masovia | Opole | Podlachia | Pomerania | Silesia | Subcarpathia | Świętokrzyskie | Warmia and Masuria | West Pomerania
Principal cities: Warsaw | Łódź | Kraków | Wrocław | Poznań | Gdańsk | Szczecin | Bydgoszcz | Lublin | Katowice | Białystok | Częstochowa | Gdynia | Toruń | Olsztyn | Radom | Kielce | Rzeszów | Opole | Gorzów Wielkopolski

  Results from FactBites:
 
Kielce pogrom - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (689 words)
Kielce pogrom refers to the events on July 4, 1946, in the Polish town of Kielce, when over forty Polish Jews were massacred and eighty wounded out of about two hundred Holocaust survivors who returned home after World War II.
At the end of World War II Kielce was entirely depopulated of Jews, but gradually some 200 Jews, mostly former residents, returned from the death camps and from their hiding places.
The brutality of the Kielce pogrom put an end to the hopes of many Jews that they would be able to resettle in Poland after the end of the Nazi regime.
Kielce - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1227 words)
The area around Kielce was rich in minerals such as copper ore, lead ore, and iron, as well as limestone.
In 1789 Kielce were nationalised and the burgers were granted the right to elect their own representatives in Sejm.
After the outbreak of the World War I Kielce were the first Polish city to be liberated from Russian rule by the Polish Legions under Józef Piłsudski.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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