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Encyclopedia > Kiel
Kiel
Aerial view of the city
Coat of arms Location
Coat of arms of Kiel
Administration
Country Germany
State Schleswig-Holstein
District Urban district
City subdivisions 18 districts
Lord Mayor Angelika Volquartz (CDU)
Governing parties CDUGreens
Basic statistics
Area 118.6 km² (46 sq mi)
Elevation 5 m  (16 ft)
Population 232,340  (31/12/2006)
Other information
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Licence plate code KI
Postal codes 24103–24159
Area code 0431
Website www.kiel.de

Coordinates: 54°19′31″N 10°8′26″E / 54.32528, 10.14056 Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x768, 361 KB) Description: aerial photo of the city of Kiel, Germany Photographer: Klaas Ole Kürtz Drbashir117 2003-08-12 File links The following pages link to this file: Kiel ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Karte_Deutschland. ... Image File history File links Red_pog. ... This list of countries, arranged alphabetically, gives an overview of countries of the world. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Germany is a Federal Republic made up of 16 States, known in German as Länder (singular Land). ... Schleswig-Holstein is the northernmost of the 16 Bundesländer in Germany. ... There are 439 German districts (Kreise), administrative units in Germany. ... This is a list of urban districts in Germany. ... Councillor Patrick (Pat) John Stannard, Lord Mayor of Oxford (2004). ... Angelika Volaquartz is the mayor of Kiel, Germany. ... The Christian Democratic Union of Germany (CDU — Christlich Demokratische Union Deutschlands) is the second largest political party in Germany. ... Political parties Part of the Politics series Politics Portal This box:      A political party is a political organization that seeks to attain political power within a government, usually by participating in electoral campaigns. ... The Christian Democratic Union of Germany (CDU — Christlich Demokratische Union Deutschlands) is the second largest political party in Germany. ... The Alliance 90/The Greens (Bündnis 90/Die Grünen), the German Green party, is a political party in Germany whose regional predecessors were founded in the late 1970s as part of the new social movements. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... A time zone is a region of the Earth that has adopted the same standard time, usually referred to as the local time. ... Time zones of Europe: Light colours indicate countries that do not observe summer time Central European Time (CET) is one of the names of the time zone that is 1 hour ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... Time zones of Europe: Light colours indicate countries that do not observe summer time Central European Summer Time (CEST) is one of the names of UTC+2 time zone, 2 hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... Central European Time West Africa Time British Summer Time* Irish Summer Time* Western European Summer Time* Category: ... Eastern European Time Central Africa Time Israel Standard Time South Africa Standard Time Central European Summer Time West Africa Summer Time Category: ... German car number plates (Kfz-Kennzeichen) show the place where the car carrying them is registered. ... German Postleitzahl map of the first two digits Postal codes in Germany, Postleitzahl (plural Postleitzahlen, abbreviated to PLZ), consist of five digits, which indicate the wider area (first two digits), and the postal district (last three digits). ... It has been suggested that this article be split into multiple articles. ... A website (alternatively, Web site or web site) is a collection of Web pages, images, videos and other digital assets that is hosted on one or several Web server(s), usually accessible via the Internet, cell phone or a LAN. A Web page is a document, typically written in HTML... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

For the city in the United States, see Kiel, Wisconsin. For the name see Kiel (name)

Kiel ([kiːl] ) is a city and the capital of the northernmost German Bundesland Schleswig-Holstein and located on the eastern side of the base of the Jutland peninsula off the south-east corner of the Baltic Sea. Located on the Bay of Kiel at the head of the Kiel Fjord, the Baltic city has been one of the country's main naval bases since the 1860s, a center for German shipbuilders, and the eastern terminus of the Kiel Canal, located to the north of the city at 'Kiel-Holtenau'[1] a former naval air base now incorporated into the city and used as an international airport. A renowned university, the University of Kiel (established 1665), is located in Kiel. Kiel is a city in the U.S. state of Wisconsin. ... Look up Kiel in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Image File history File links De-Kiel Pronunciation. ... Look up city, City in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Germany is a Federal Republic made up of 16 States, known in German as Länder (singular Land). ... Schleswig-Holstein is the northernmost of the 16 Bundesländer in Germany. ... Jutland Peninsula Jutland (Danish: Jylland; German: Jütland; Frisian Jutlân; Low German Jötlann) is the western, continental part of Denmark as well as one of the three historical Lands of Denmark, dividing the North Sea from the Kattegat and the Baltic Sea. ... A peninsula in Croatia A peninsula is a piece of land that is bordered on three or more sides by water. ... The Baltic Sea is located in Northern Europe, from 53°N to 66°N latitude and from 20°E to 26°E longitude. ... Bay of Kiel (German: Kieler Bucht; Polish: Zatoka KiloÅ„ska) is a basin in the south-western Baltic Sea, off the shores of German land Schleswig-Holstein and the islands of Denmark. ... Historical map of the vicinity of Kiel, ca. ... The Baltic Sea is located in Northern Europe, from 53°N to 66°N latitude and from 20°E to 26°E longitude. ... The multinational Combined Task Force One Five Zero (CTF-150) The British Grand Fleet, the supreme naval force of World War I A rare occurrence of a 5-country multinational fleet, during Operation Enduring Freedom in the Oman Sea. ... The Kiel Canal (in German Nord-Ostsee-Kanal, formerly Kaiser-Wilhelm-Kanal) is a 98 kilometre long waterway linking the North Sea at Brunsbüttel, Germany to the Baltic Sea at Kiel-Holtenau, Germany. ... Kiel Holtenau Airport (IATA: KEL, ICAO: EDHK) (in German, Flughafen Kiel Holtenau) is an airport 7 km (4. ... The University of Kiel, in full the Christian-Albrechts-Universität zu Kiel (in short: CAU), is a university in the city of Kiel, Germany. ...


Kiel is famous for its sailing events, including Kiel Week (German: Kieler Woche), the biggest sailing event in the world. In 1936 and 1972, when the Olympic Games were held in Berlin and Munich respectively, the Olympic sailing competitions were held in Kiel-Schilksee.[1] The largest local newspaper is the Kieler Nachrichten. It had a population of 232,340 as of 31 December 2006. For either of the songs named Sailing, see Sailing (song). ... Kiel Week (German: ) is an annual sailing event in Kiel, Germany. ... The five Olympic rings were designed in 1913, adopted in 1914 and debuted at the Games at Antwerp, 1920. ... This article is about the capital of Germany. ... For other uses, see Munich (disambiguation). ... The Kieler Nachrichten (literally Kiel News) or KN is the only German language newspaper published in Kiel, Germany. ... is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays full 2006 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Contents

History

The Kiel Fjord was first settled by Normans or vikings who would colonize the land along their raids for many years staying in German villages. This is recorded by the geography and architecture of the fjord. Kiel was first originally founded in 1233 as Holstenstadt tom Kyle by Count Adolf IV, and granted Lübeck city rights in 1242 by Adolf's eldest son, John I of Schauenburg.[2] Norman conquests in red. ... The name Viking is a loan from the native Scandinavian term for the Norse seafaring warriors who raided the coasts of Scandinavia, Europe and the British Isles from the late 8th century to the 11th century, the period of European history referred to as the Viking Age. ... Lübecks law was from the 13th century in the Middle Ages the foundation for municipal laws in many neighbouring cities on the Baltic Sea. ...


Kiel, the capital of Holstein, was a member of the Hanseatic League from 1284 until it was expelled in 1518 for harbouring pirates. In 1431, the Kieler Umschlag (trade fair) was first held, which became the central market for goods and money in Schleswig-Holstein until it began to lose significance from 1850 on, being held for the last time in 1900. The University of Kiel was founded on 29 September 1665, by Christian Albert, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp. A number of important scholars, including Theodor Mommsen and Max Planck, studied or taught there. Holstein (Hol-shtayn) (Low German: Holsteen, Danish: Holsten, Latin and historical English: Holsatia) is the southern part of Schleswig-Holstein in Germany, between the rivers Elbe and Eider. ... Carta marina of the Baltic Sea region (1539). ... The flag of 18th-century pirate Calico Jack Piracy is a robbery committed at sea, or sometimes on the shore, by an agent without a commission from a sovereign nation. ... The University of Kiel, in full the Christian-Albrechts-Universität zu Kiel (in short: CAU), is a university in the city of Kiel, Germany. ... is the 272nd day of the year (273rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1665 (MDCLXV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... Duke Christian Albrecht of Holstein-Gottorp (3 February 1641, Gottorp – 6 January 1695, Gottorp) was a Duke of Holstein-Gottorp and bishop of Lübeck. ... Holstein-Gottorp or Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorp was a duchy consisting of areas within Schleswig and Holstein, in present-day Denmark and Germany. ... Christian Matthias Theodor Mommsen (November 30, 1817–November 1, 1903) was a German classical scholar, jurist and historian, generally regarded as the greatest classicist of the 19th century. ... Max Karl Ernst Ludwig Planck (April 23, 1858 in Kiel, Germany – October 4, 1947 in Göttingen, Germany) was a German physicist. ...


From 1773 to 1864, the town belonged to the King of Denmark. However, because the king ruled Holstein as a fief of the Holy Roman Empire only through a personal union, the town was not incorporated as part of Denmark proper. Thus Kiel belonged to Germany but was ruled by the Danish king. Even though the Empire was abolished in 1806, the Danish king continued to rule Kiel only through his position as Duke of Holstein. When Schleswig and Holstein rebelled against Denmark in 1848 (the First Schleswig War), Kiel became the capital of Schleswig-Holstein until the Danish victory in 1852. The extent of the Holy Roman Empire around 1630, superimposed over modern European state borders Capital None Language(s) Latin, German, many others Religion Roman Catholicism Government Monarchy Emperor  - 962–967 Otto I  - 973–983 Otto II  - 996–1002 Otto III  - 1014– 1024 Henry II  - 1027–1039 Conrad II  - 1046... It has been suggested that Dynastic union be merged into this article or section. ... The region of Schleswig (former English name: Sleswick, Danish: Sønderjylland or Slesvig, Low German: Sleswig, North Frisian: Slaswik or Sleesweg) covers the area about 60 km north and 70 km south of the border between Germany and Denmark. ... Combatants Schleswig-Holstein Prussia  Denmark Swedish volunteers The First Schleswig War (German: ; Swedish: ) or Three Years War (Danish: ) was the first round of military conflict in southern Denmark and northern Germany rooted in the Schleswig-Holstein Question, contesting the issue of who should control the Duchies of Schleswig and Holstein. ...


During the Second Schleswig War in 1864, Kiel and the rest of Schleswig and Holstein were conquered by a German Confederation alliance of the Austrian Empire and the Kingdom of Prussia. After the war Kiel was briefly administered by both the Austrians and the Prussians, but the Austro-Prussian War in 1866 led to the annexation of Kiel by Prussia in 1867. On 24 March 1865, King William I based Prussia's Baltic Sea fleet out of Kiel instead of Danzig (Gdańsk). Combatants Prussia Austria German Confederation Denmark Commanders Friedrich Graf von Wrangel Christian Julius De Meza replaced by George Daniel Gerlach on February 29 Strength At the outbreak of war: 61,000 158 guns Later reinforcements: 20,000 64 guns[1] 38,000 100+ guns[2] Casualties 1700+ killed, wounded, or... The German Confederation (German: Deutscher Bund) was the association of Central European states created by the Congress of Vienna in 1815 to organize the surviving states of the Holy Roman Empire, which had been abolished in 1806. ... Anthem Volkshymne (Peoples Anthem) The Austrian Empire Capital Vienna Language(s) German Hungarian Romanian Czech Slovakian Slovenian Croatian Serbian Italian Polish Ruthenian Religion Roman Catholic Government Monarchy History  - Established 1804  - Ausgleich 1867 The Crown of the Austrian Emperor The Austrian Empire (German: ) was a modern era successor empire founded... Anthem Preußenlied, Heil dir im Siegerkranz (both unofficial) The Kingdom of Prussia at its greatest extent, at the time of the formation of the German Empire, 1871 Capital Berlin Government Monarchy King  - 1701 — 1713 Frederick I (first)  - 1888 — 1918 William II (last) Prime minister  - 1848 Adolf Heinrich von Arnim... Combatants Austria, Saxony, Bavaria, Baden, Württemberg, Hanover and some minor German States (formerly as the German Confederation) Prussia, Italy, and some minor German States Strength 600,000 Austrians and German allies 500,000 Prussians and German allies 300,000 Italians Casualties 20,000 dead or wounded 37,000 dead... is the 83rd day of the year (84th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1865 (MDCCCLXV) is a common year starting on Sunday. ... William I (William Frederick Louis, German: ) (March 22, 1797 – March 9, 1888) of the House of Hohenzollern was a King of Prussia (January 2, 1861 – 9 March 1888) and the first German Emperor (18 January 1871 – 9 March 1888). ... Motto: Nec temere, nec timide (No rashness, no timidness) Coordinates: , Country Poland Voivodeship Pomeranian Powiat city county Gmina GdaÅ„sk Established 10th century City Rights 1263 Government  - Mayor PaweÅ‚ Adamowicz Area  - City 262 km²  (101. ...

Port facilities.
Port facilities.

When William I of Prussia became Emperor William I of the German Empire in 1871, he designated Kiel and Wilhelmshaven as Reichskrieghafen, or "Imperial War Harbour". Because of its new role as Germany's main naval base, Kiel quickly increased in size in the following years, from 18,770 in 1864 to about 200,000 in 1910. Much of the old town center and other surroundings were leveled and redeveloped to provide for the growing city. Kiel was the site of the sailors' mutiny which sparked the German Revolution in late 1918. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x768, 429 KB) Description: aerial photo of the Kieler Förde, Kiel, Germany Photographer: Klaas Ole Kürtz Drbashir117 2003-06-27 File links The following pages link to this file: Kiel ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x768, 429 KB) Description: aerial photo of the Kieler Förde, Kiel, Germany Photographer: Klaas Ole Kürtz Drbashir117 2003-06-27 File links The following pages link to this file: Kiel ... William I (William Frederick Louis, German: ) (March 22, 1797 – March 9, 1888) of the House of Hohenzollern was a King of Prussia (January 2, 1861 – 9 March 1888) and the first German Emperor (18 January 1871 – 9 March 1888). ... Motto Gott mit Uns (German: God with us”) Anthem Heil dir im Siegerkranz (unofficial) Territory of the German Empire in 1914, prior to World War I Capital Berlin Language(s) Official: German Unofficial minority languages: Danish, French, Frisian, Polish, Sorbian Government Constitutional monarchy Emperor  - 1871–1888 William I  - 1888 Frederick... Wilhelmshaven is a town in Lower Saxony, Germany. ... Karl Liebknecht on 9 November 1918 in the Berliner Tiergarten Statue of a revolutionary soldier, memorial to the German Revolution of 1918-1919 in East Berlin. ...


Kiel was the site of several camps, which provided slave labour for local industry during World War II.[3]Because of its status as a naval port and as production site for submarines, Kiel was heavily bombed by the Allies during the war; it is estimated that 80% of the remaining old town, 72% of the residential areas, and 83% of the industrial areas were destroyed. The city was rebuilt after the war, but city planners failed to revive the former cityscape; Kiel was less meticulously restored than other towns in Schleswig-Holstein like Lübeck, Flensburg, or Schleswig. Slavery is any of a number of related conditions involving control of a person against his or her will, enforced by violence or other clear forms of coercion. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... A representation of the changes in territory controlled by Allies and Axis powers over the course of the war. ... Lübeck ( pronunc. ... Flensburg (Danish: Flensborg, Low Saxon: Flensborg, North Frisian: Flansborj) is an independent town in the North of the German state Schleswig-Holstein. ... Schleswig (Danish: Slesvig, English traditionally Sleswick) is a town at the Schlei firth in the northeastern part of Schleswig-Holstein, Germany. ...


In 1946, Kiel was named the seat of government for Schleswig-Holstein, and it officially became the state's capital in 1972. The Kieler Umschlag has been held again yearly since 1975. It is now a festival with music and food stalls, historical costumes, special bread, and a wedding, the Umschlagshochzeit for which every young bride and groom can apply. Above all, Kiel is most famous for its Kiel Week sailing festival held annually in June. Kiel Week (German: ) is an annual sailing event in Kiel, Germany. ...

Main sights

In the vicinity of Kiel are seaside resorts such as Kiel-Strande, Kiel-Schilksee, Möltenort and Laboe. Laboe has an important naval memorial, as well as the WWII-era submarine U-995, a popular tourist site since 1972. Laboe is a munipality in the district of Plön, in Schleswig-Holstein, Germany. ... The Laboe Naval Memorial is a memorial monument in Laboe in vicinity of Kiel in Schleswig-Holstein, Germany. ... U-995 Type VIIC at the navy memorial Laboe Unterseeboot 995 was a Type VIIC/41 submarine of the Kriegsmarine. ...


Sights in Kiel include:

Laboe beach scene.
Laboe beach scene.
Schleswig-Holstein Parliament, June 2006.
Schleswig-Holstein Parliament, June 2006.

Economy

Kiel is the home of HDW Howaldtswerke Deutsche Werft GmbH, a shipyard founded in 1838 famed for its construction of submarines. HDW built the first German submarine Brandtaucher in 1850, and is today a subsidiary of ThyssenKrupp Marine Systems, the leading German group of shipyards. Saint Nicholas, also known as Nikolaus in Germany and Sinterklaas (a contracted form of Sint Nicolaas) in the Netherlands and Flanders, is the common name for the historical Saint Nicholas of Myra, who lived in 4th century Byzantine Anatolia, (now in modern Turkey) and had a reputation for secret gift... This 14th-century statue from south India depicts the gods Shiva (on the left) and Uma (on the right). ... (14th century - 15th century - 16th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 15th century was that century which lasted from 1401 to 1500. ... The young Ernst Barlach Ernst Barlach, (born January 2, 1870 in Wedel, Pinneberg, Germany; died October 24, 1938 in Rostock, Germany) was a famous German expressionist sculptor. ... (15th century - 16th century - 17th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 16th century was that century which lasted from 1501 to 1600. ... Strategic bombing is a military strategem used in a total war style campaign that attempts to destroy the economic ability of a nation-state to wage war. ... Bunkers in Albania A bunker is a defensive military fortification. ... The Fernmeldeturm Kiel (Telecommunication Tower Kiel) is the modern landmark of Kiel completed in 1972. ... The DFB ruled that Kiels Holsteinstadion was no longer fit for football Located in the port city of Kiel in Northern Germany, Holsteinstadion is the home of Holstein Kiel, a soccer club currently playing in Germanys Regionalliga Nord. ... A player (wearing the red kit) has penetrated the defence (in the white kit) and is taking a shot at goal. ... Holstein Kiel is a German football club in the city of Kiel, Schleswig-Holstein. ... The Ostseehalle in Kiel, the regional capital of Schleswig-Holstein, is one of the biggest indoor arenas in Germany. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 335 KB) Summary Description: Fähre vor dem Strand Laboe Source: photo taken by Dirk Ingo Franke Date: {{{Date}}} Author: Dirk Ingo Franke Permission: Dirk Ingo Franke put it under the CC-BY-SA Licensing File links The following pages... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 335 KB) Summary Description: Fähre vor dem Strand Laboe Source: photo taken by Dirk Ingo Franke Date: {{{Date}}} Author: Dirk Ingo Franke Permission: Dirk Ingo Franke put it under the CC-BY-SA Licensing File links The following pages... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1600 × 1200 pixel, file size: 948 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Schleswig-Holstein Parliament June 2006 Own photo copyright Corbin Mathias 2006 File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1600 × 1200 pixel, file size: 948 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Schleswig-Holstein Parliament June 2006 Own photo copyright Corbin Mathias 2006 File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this... Howaldtswerke is a German shipyard founded 1838 in Kiel. ... Small shipyard in Klaksvík (Faroe Islands), reparing fishing vessels Fish ladder and shipyard in Grave, the Netherlands Construction hall of Schichau Seebeck Shipyard, Bremerhaven Gdynia Shipyard Shipyards and dockyards are places which repair and build ships. ... USS Los Angeles A submarine is a specialized watercraft that can operate underwater. ... A model of the Brandtaucher. ... German industrial company ThyssenKrupp AG, with about 200,000 employees, mainly operates in the steel industry, but also in the automotive, industrial construction, and shipbuilding areas, as well as manufacturing lifts and providing other technologies and services. ...

Notable people

Notable residents

Important historic mayors and lord mayors of Kiel

  • 1688 - 1720: Asmus Bremer
  • 1730 - 1732: Ernst Joachim von Westphalen
  • 1920 - 1933: Emil Lueken (removed from office by the Nazis)

Lord mayors after World War II

  • 1946 - 1954: Andreas Gayk (SPD)
  • 1954 - 1965: Hans Müthling (SPD)
  • 1965 - 1980: Günther Bantzer (SPD)
  • 1980 - 1994: Karl-Heinz Luckhardt (SPD)
  • 1994 - 1997: Otto Kelling (SPD)
  • 1997 - 2003: Norbert Gansel (SPD)
  • 2003 - today: Angelika Volquartz (CDU)

Sister towns

Kiel is twinned with: Eric Braeden (born Hans Jörg Gudegast on April 3, 1939) is an Emmy Award-winning German film and television actor, best known for his role as Victor Newman on the soap opera The Young and the Restless. ... Ernst Busch (22 January 1900 - 8 June 1980) was a singer and actor. ... Rudolf Hell (December 19, 1901 – March 11, 2002) was a German inventor. ... The factual accuracy of this article needs to be verified. ... August Ferdinand Howaldt (born 23 October 1809 in Braunschweig, died 4 August 1883 in Kiel) was a German engineer and ship builder. ... Johann Carl Gottfried Loewe (November 30, 1796 - April 20, 1869) was a German composer, baritone singer and conductor. ... Grand Duke Peter, 1753, by Alexei Antropov Peter III (February 21, 1728 - July 17, 1762) (Russian: Пётр III Федорович or Pyotr III Fyodorovitch) was Emperor of Russia for six months in 1762. ... Max Karl Ernst Ludwig Planck (April 23, 1858 in Kiel, Germany – October 4, 1947 in Göttingen, Germany) was a German physicist. ... Karl Leonhard Reinhold (October 26, 1757 - April 10, 1823) was in Austrian philosopher. ... Ernst von Salomon (September 25, 1902 - August 9, 1972) was a German writer and one of the assassins of Walther Rathenau. ... Ernst Steinitz (June 13, 1871 – September 29, 1928) was an German mathematician. ... Ferdinand Tönnies (July 26, 1855, near Oldenswort (Eiderstedt) - April 9, 1936, Kiel, Germany) was a German sociologist. ... Carl Zuckmayer (December 27, 1896 – January 18, 1977) was a German writer and playwright. ... Veeke by Tomma Abts (2005). ... The Turner Prize is an annual prize given to a British visual artist under 50, named after the painter J.M.W. Turner. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... National Socialism redirects here. ... Sign denoting twin towns of Neckarsulm, Germany Town twinning is a concept whereby towns or cities in geographically and politically distinct areas are paired with the goal of fostering human contact and cultural links. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Kiel

  Results from FactBites:
 
Kiel - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1000 words)
Kiel is a center for German shipbuilders and the eastern terminus of the Kiel Canal.
Kiel was first originally founded in 1233 as Holstenstadt tom Kyle by Count Adolf IV of Schauenburg, and granted town privileges (Lübisches Stadtrecht) in 1242 by Adolf's eldest son, Johann I of Schauenburg.
Kiel, the capital of Holstein, was a member of the Hanseatic League from 1284 until it was expelled in 1518 for harbouring pirates.
Kiel, Germany (2630 words)
In 1242 Kiel was granted city status and proof of this was given to the town by Adolfs eldest son, Count Johann I.
Kiel left the Hanseatic League during the 16th century, but the date is uncertain and the reason unclear.
Kiel was pointing the way to the future for the shipbuilding industry: the submarine (1850), the gyrocompass (1904) and the sonar (1913) were invented here.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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