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Encyclopedia > Khvalynsk culture

Khvalynsk culture, 4900-3500 BC. A copper age culture centered on the Samara bend of the Volga River. It is east of the Sredny Stog culture and is one of the ancestors of the Yamna culture. It is the successor of the Samara culture. The Chalcolithic (Greek khalkos + lithos copper stone) period, also known as the Eneolithic or Copper Age period, is a phase in the development of human culture in which the use of early metal tools appeared alongside the use of stone tools. ... The Samara bend is a large, backwards-C-shaped bend in the middle Volga River at the confluence of the Samara River. ... Volga in Yaroslavl (autumn morning) Length 3,690 km Elevation of the source 225 m Average discharge 8,000 m³/s Area watershed 1. ... The Sredny Stog culture dates from 4500-3500 BC. It was situated just north of the Sea of Azov betweeen the Dnieper and the Don. ... Proto-Indo-European Indo-European studies The Yamna (from Russian яма pit) or pit grave culture is a prehistoric culture of the Bug/Dniester/Ural region, dating to the 36th–23rd centuries BC. The culture was predominantly nomadic, with some agriculture practiced near rivers and a few hillforts. ... Samara culture, an aeneolithic (copper age) culture of the 5th—4th millennium BC at the Samara bend region of the middle Volga, discovered during archaeological excavations near the village of Syezzheye (Съезжее) in Russia. ...


It occupies the same area as the much later Potapovka culture (2500-2200). Potapovka culture, ca. ...


In terms of the Kurgan hypothesis of Marija Gimbutas, this is a plausible candidate for the Urheimat (homeland) of the Proto-Indo-European language, particularly for those who seek a more easterly location. This article is about Bronze Age burial mounds and the Kurgan culture. ... Marija Gimbutas (Vilnius, Lithuania January 23, 1921 - Los Angeles February 2, 1994) researched the Neolithic and Bronze Age cultures of Old Europe, a term she introduced, in works published between 1946 and 1971, that opened new views by combining traditional spadework, linguistics and mythology. ... Urheimat (German: ur- original, ancient; Heimat home, homeland) is a linguistic term denoting the original homeland of the speakers of a proto-language. ... See Pie (disambiguation) for other uses of PIE. The Proto-Indo-European language (PIE) is the hypothetical common ancestor of the Indo-European languages. ...


Sources

James P. Mallory, "Khvalynsk Culture", Encyclopedia of Indo-European Culture, Fitzroy Dearborn, 1997. JP Mallory is the nom-de-plume of Irish-American archaeologist and Indo-Europeanist Prof. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Khvalynsk culture - TvWiki, the free encyclopedia (748 words)
The Khvalynsk culture was an Eneolithic (copper age) culture of the first half of the 5th millennium BC, discovered at Khvalynsk on the Volga in Saratov Oblast, Russia.
It was preceded by the Early Eneolithic or Samara culture, from which it came, and succeeded by the Late Eneolithic, or Early Yamna culture, to which it descended.
The Khvalynsk culture extended from Saratov in the north to the North Caucasus in the south, from the Sea of Azov in the west to the Ural River in the east.
LINGUIST List 14.934: Historical Linguistics: Carpelan, et al. (2002) (5198 words)
Of the 7 cultural horizons, the Lyalovo or Pitted Ware was highlighted, as it seems to be the culture that, evolving to Combed Ware 2, expanded to a significantly large area, encompassing Sweden, the Gulf of Bothnia, the White Sea and extending eastward to the Urals.
The Pit Grave culture is considered as a central group for late PIE, while the Khvalynsk culture is considered to possibly possess the language that was the immediate predecessor of early PIE.
The Lyalovo culture sprung from the upper Volga region and spread to the Onega region of Russian Karelia.
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