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Encyclopedia > Khushab District

Coordinates: 32°17′18″N, 72°16′59″E Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

General Information
Country Pakistan
Province Punjab
Calling code 0454
Time zone PST (UTC+5)
No. of Towns 5
No. of Union Councils 51 (Khushab 33, NoorPur 10, Quaidabad 8)
The city government does not yet support e-Governance, although improvements have been suggested

Khushab District (Urdu: خوشاب) is a rural district located in Punjab, Pakistan. According to the 1998 census, the population was 9,05,711 with 24.76% living in urban areas[1]. The district consists of 3 tehsils: Khushab, Nurpur, and Quaidabad, as well as a sub-tehsil Noshehra[2]. Khushab is home to the Heavy Water and Natural Uranium Research Reactor[3], a critical part of the Pakistan's Special Weapons Program, which has come under much heated scrutiny[4]. For other uses, see Country (disambiguation). ... Currently, Pakistan is subdivided into four provinces, two territories, and also portions of Kashmir that are administered by the Pakistani government. ... This article is about the Pakistani province. ... A telephone number is a sequence of decimal digits (0-9) that is used for identifying a destination telephone line in a telephone network. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... Pakistan Standard Time (PST) is the time zone for Pakistan. ... UTC +5 is the timezone for : Pakistan Standard Time in Pakistan. ... A street in Ynysybwl, Wales, relatively stereotypical of a small town A town is usually an urban area which is not considered to rank as a city. ... Union Council Union Council is a sub part of a district, usually it is a large village also including the nearby small villages. ... Urdu ( , , trans. ... The Districts of Pakistan form the third tier of government in Pakistan, ranking as subdivisions of the provinces of Pakistan. ... This article is about the Pakistani province. ... The equivalent terms tehsil, tahsil, tahasil, taluka, taluk, and taluq refer to a unit of government in some countries of the Indian subcontinent. ... , Nurpur is a city and a municipal council in Kangra district in the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh. ...



Khushab is situated between Sargodha and Mianwali, near the river Jhelum. The district is headquartered at Jauharabad (founded 1953, pop. 39,477). Sargodha (Urdu: سرگودھا) city is located in Punjab province, Pakistan. ... Mianwali (Urdu: میانوالی,Hindi: मियांवाली) is the capital city of Mianwali District in the north-west of Punjab province, Pakistan. ... The Jhelum River is the largest and most western of the five rivers of the Punjab province of Pakistan, and passes through Jhelum City. ... Jaurharabad is situated in Disatrict Khushab. ...

Khushab is one of the important city especially Defence(Atomic) point of view, This district. is full of natural beauty containing Jhelum River,Fields,Mountains(Skaisar) and Thal desert.Its important towns included Quaida-bad,Jauhara-bad,Mithtawana,Nowshera.

Jauharabad(atomic city) is beautiful city for residence having wide roads and streets.education rate is increasing in Khushab distt.Top Schools and colleges included are Fauji Foundation Khushab, DPS Khushab, The educators Jauharabad. Now there is a campus of Arid University in Khushab.

Neighbour cities are Sargodha, Mianwali, Bhakher, Jhelum and Jhang.

The soon valley sakasir is one of the beautiful area of Diss. Khushab.

There is three beautiful lakes(Ochali. Khabbaki. Sodhi jay wali) and a beautiful Garden Kanhatti Garden near Khabbaki village. Here is a very biggest forest in Disst. khushab soon valley area.

People and culture

places to visit

Katha Saghraal The village Katha Saghraal is situated 25 kms off Khushab on Rawalpindi-Peshawar Road. It is semi-hilly and mineral area. Dozens of minerals including coal and salt are being mined in the surrounding area of this village . The population of this village is associated with agriculture. Tomato is the famous cultivation of this village.

Khabikki Lake Khabikki Lake is a salt water lake in the southern Salt Range area in Pakistan. This lake is formed due to the absence of drainage in the range. Earlier its water was brackish. Now the water is sweet and a Chinese breed of fish is introduced in it.

The lake is one kilometer wide and two kilometres long. Khabikki is also the name of a neighbouring village. Boats are also available and there is a rest house beside the lake. A hill gently ascended on the right side of the lake. The lake and the green area around provide a good scenery.

Uchhali is a salt water lake in the southern Salt Range area in Pakistan. This lake is formed due to the absence of drainage in the range. Sakaser (1522 metre / 4946 feet), the highest mountain in the Salt Range, looms over the lake. Due to its brackish water the lake is lifeless. But it offers a picturesque scenery.

Sakaser Sakaser is the highest mountain in the Salt Range area in Pothohar in Pakistan. It is 1522 metre / 4946 feet high. It is situated in Khushab District but it can be seen from adjoining districts of Mianwali and Chakwal.

Uchhali Lake is just below it. It is a good picnic spot and moderately tough walking point. At its top there is a radar.

The tribes

The population of the district is comprised of many tribes including:

  • Hashmi Sadat-Decendents of Bahauddin Zakariyya Multani(Syeds of Pail-Piran)
  • Awan
  • Sangha - [MALIKS]
  • Tiwana
  • Lilla (Malik)
  • Naichs (Maliks)
  • Baghoors
  • Parachas
  • Belals (Maliks)
  • Syeds (Hamdanis)
  • Baloachs
  • Janjauas
  • Mangat
  • Bandials
  • Utras
  • Saggu [Maliks]
  • Chheenas
  • Sheikhs
  • Maikens
  • Joyia (Malik)
  • Rahdaris
  • Jasras
  • Waghras
  • Kharas
  • Doodhas
  • Baggahs
  • Kalus
  • Boranas
  • Doohns
  • Majoka(Malik)

The villages

Villages of Khushab tehsil are are Kund, Hadali, Daiwal(the hub of the Sanghas), Mitha Tiwana, Hassan Pur Tiwana (Hamoka), Bola, Roda, Parachagan, Jalalpur Syedan Hamdania, Mohib-Pur, Girot, Nali Nari, Khatha, Padhrar, Rakh Rajar, Dhak, Khhotakka, Bansi, Balwal, Pail-Piran,Jaba, Khabeki, Mardwal, Nowshera, Sabral, Anga and Kufri. Villages in Tehsil Noor Pur Thal are Noor Pur, Adhi Sargil, Adhi Kot, Chan, Rangpur Baghoor, Jamali, Rahdari, Mehmood Shaheed, Shahwala, Shah Hussain, Boranawala, Palowan, Kalwal, Sidha, Maiken, Bambool, Jara, Jharkil, Nawan Saggu, Dhamak, Nikro Shaheed, Katimar, Obhal, Khai Majoka, Jatooi, Billand and Pelovanis. Villages in Tehsil Quaidabad are Choa, Warchcha, Okhali Mohla, Gunjayal, Mitha Kho, Bandiyal, Jabbi Sharif (the main Village of Daman Mohar), 14MB, Goleywali and Namewali, Majoka. The equivalent terms tehsil, tahsil, tahasil, taluka, taluk, and taluq refer to a unit of government in some countries of the Indian subcontinent. ...


Khushab consists of agricultural lowland plains, lakes, and hills. Parts of the Thal desert touch the district and the Jhelum runs alongside it making it highly fertile for agriculture. The district is rich in natural resources (salt & coal). Most people are associated with farming and agriculture.One third of the district is hilly and is dominated by Awans and other minor tribes. Since there is no agriculture in the area, this part of Khushab district has been favoured by governments since British times as being fertile ground for armed services recruitment - a majority of the population from this area goes into the armed forces. The other two parts are irrigated lands between Khushab and Quaiadabad and the desert area of tehsil noorpur thal. This desert area is the beginning of large Thal desert that continues into India's Rajhistan. In the 1980s the district was classified as a tax relief zone for new industries. This led to the establishment of many industries including cement, sugar, and textiles. But this exist only in the Headquarter (Jauharabad) so the benefits are getting the Elite ones. Masses have still a very hard life. Alternate use: The Thals, an alien race from the series Doctor Who Thal is a small village in Austria, near the city of Graz. ...

The Thal desert

For more information on the desert see Thal Desert

The Thal desert is a dry desert with scarce vegetation — mostly thorny bushes — over a breadth of 70 miles and is situated between the Indus river and the Jhelum river. But in Thal the people are very poor because the whole land is arid and depends upon the weather condition. They cultivate grains only. Most illiterate area in Punjab Province. Noor Pur Thal has ten Union councils but you can hardly find good schools or other basic necessities of life there. The landlord are governing the masses for many centuries but they have done nothing for poor masses. Thal desert is basically is a triangle between the districts of Khushab, Bhakkar, Mianwali, Jhang, Leyiha and Muzzafargarh. Mostly the area is arid the people are very poor. Thal has very hot days and pleasant nights. Thal desert is situated in Punjab Pakistan. ...

The Soon Valley

For more information on the valley, see Soon Valley

The Soon Valley is the cultural hub of Awan tribe. The heirline of the Awan tribe reaches a common ancestor Qutab Shah who supposedly lived here, so the valley holds a special meaning to the tribe. One of the villages of the soon valley namely Pail_piran is inhabited by the descendants of Bahauddin Zakkarya Multani,and are Hashmite Sadats(Syeds), who's ancestor Pir Khawja Noori son of Pir Ali Qatal made many people of region embrace Islam.Pirs of Pail-Piran are closely related to Pirs of Bhera sharif and Pir the Khara. Few leading personalities of Pail-Piran included Pir Nowbahar Shah, dr.Pir Walayat Shah(Dr.Wali Pir),Pir Kalu Shah,and lately Dr.Syed Wajid H.Pirzada.Mazar of Pir Khawja Noori is located in Pail-piran.The Soon Valley is important as a hill station after Murree in the province of Punjab. The valley has beautiful lakes and gardens. Soon Valley (Urdu: وادئ سون) or Soon Sakesar is located in Khushab, Punjab, Pakistan. ... Awan (Urdu: اعوان), a South Asian Zamindar tribe, putatively of Arab origin, living predominantly in western and central parts of Punjab, Pakistan. ...

Politics of the region

The Tiwana family has dominated politics in Khushab, mainly because they are scattered over most of the plains of the district while other tribes are more concentrated in the valleys and the mountains. In the Soon Valley politics centred Pir Nowbahar Shah of Pail-Piran during his life time.Hos other contemporaries were Malik Shahnawaz of Khabaki and Malik hayyat of Jabba.

The leader of Tiwana party, Malik Khuda Buksh Tiwana, was Chairman of Sargodha district before Khushab became a district. He then served as the first Chairman of Khushab. Later he became Provincial minister and was also elected as MNA. His younger brothers Malik Ghulam Mohammad Tiwana, Malik Ehsan Ullah Tiwana and Malik Saif Ullah Tiwana also are famous political figures. Sargodha (Urdu: سرگودھا) city is located in Punjab province, Pakistan. ...

Malik Ghulam Mohammad Tiwana is Zila Nazim of Khushab and has served Khushab as member, National Assembly and member, Provincial Assembly defeating Shakir Bashir Awan and Shuja Khan (candidate from PML-Q). The National Assembly is the lower house of the bicameral Parliament of Pakistan. ... The Pakistan Muslim League (Q), or PML-Q, is a centrist political party in Pakistan, dervied from the original Pakistan Muslim League which had laid foundation of the state of Pakistan. ...

Malik Ghulam Rasool Sangha is the Thesil Nazim of Thesil Khushan. He belongs to the Awan family from Daiwal. He was elected Tehsil Nazim by defeating Haroon Bandial and Malik Mukhtar.

Malik Ehsan Ullah Tiwana was the first Zila Nazim of Khushab and is now the President of the Pakistan Muslim League in there. Saif Tiwana is the serving MNA.

The Tiwana party is widely known as the Awami group and have a very strong allegiance in the whole district unlike other political groups, whose popularity is confined to certain specific areas like Awans in Padhrar and the Maliks in Soon valley. Awan (Urdu: اعوان), a South Asian Zamindar tribe, putatively of Arab origin, living predominantly in western and central parts of Punjab, Pakistan. ...

Malik Karam Bakhsh Awan of Padhrar was the famous person of the area. He founded Tanzeem-ul-Awan for the betterment of Awans. He provided his own land for the establishment of Government College Naushera.

Malik Naeem Khan was another important personality and an influential politician. He worked very hard for the development of Soon Valley.

Other famous people of the Khushab district include the sitting federal minister Sumaira Malik, world renowned Neurosurgeon Dr. Ghaus Malik, Brigadier Muhammad Nazar Tiwana followed by his younger cousin brother Brigadier Muhammad Azam Tiwana and Major Ahmed Khan Tiwana (Shaheed - Kargil 1999), Tamgha-e-Basalat. Combatants  India  Pakistan, Kashmiri secessionists, Islamic militants (Foreign Fighters) Strength 30,000 5,000 Casualties Indian Official Figures: 527 killed,[1][2][3] 1,363 wounded[4] 1 POW Pakistani Estimates: 357-4000 killed[5][6] (Pakistan troops) 665+ soldiers wounded[5] 8 POWs. ... This article is about the year. ...

Malik Muhammad Waris Kalu is also a very important figure of the area he belongs to the desert area and very popular among the poor masses. He always love to do work for the people in Thal Desert. Malik Saleh Muhammad Gunjial MPA.(Ex Minister of Punjab).

One of the famous young political personalty is Malik Tahir Raza Baghoor , he is emerging leader of baghoor family in Tehsil Noor Poor Thal, this young person inherited politics from his family, in recent local body election , this young person lost his tehsil nazim election on toss.

Education In Khushab

There are many schools in the area mostly Secondary or Higher Secondary Education institutions. Students have to go to the other cities for higher education and further education. The literacy rate of Khushab is about 65% and due to recent research projects in the area, the literacy rate is increasing.

Prominent Politicians of Khushab

  • Gp/capt Malik Khuda Bakhsh:-Ameer Tanzeem Islami Khora
  • Maj Amer Awan :- Member Al-Akhwan Khora
  • Capt Irfan Awan :- Member Al-Akhwan Khora
  • Malik Usman Awan:-President M.S.F Khora
  • Malik Naeem Khan Awan:-Ex Federal Minister
  • Malik Allah Bakhsh Sangha Awan:-President of Awan group.
  • Malik Ghulam Abbas Sangha Awan:- President of PML Daiwal
  • Malik Ghulam Rasool Sangha Awan:- Tehsil Nazim Khushab
  • Malik Ameer Mukhtar Sangha Awan:- Ex Chairman of District Khb.
  • Malik Ameer Haider Sangha Awan:- Nazim Daiwal.
  • Malik Umar Aslam Awan:-Ex-MNA.
  • Malik Karam Bakhsh Awan Ex-MNA.
  • Dr. Rafiq Ex-MPA
  • Malik Azam Advocat Ex-MPA (Sleeping permanently after that)
  • Malik Bashir Awan:-Head-chief of Awan in Pakistan.
  • Malik Shakir Bashir Awan -A young political leader
  • Sardar Shujah Khan Baloch:-Ex-MNA
  • Malik Raiz AWAN:- Nazim Joharabad
  • Malik KhudaBuksh Tiwana
  • Malik Ghulam Muhammad Tiwana :-District Nazim
  • Malik Saleh Muhammad
  • Haji Ghulam Rasool Saleem: Ex Nazim. President PML(N)Khushab
  • Malik Tahir Raza Baghoor :Ex Teh Naib Nazim
  • Malik Tahir Sarfraz Awan:-joint secretary Federal Government
  • Syed Zia Mehar Gilani:-Nazim Jabbi Sharif
  • Hakeem Malik Muhammad Iqbal Rahdari (Nazim UC RAHDARI)
  • Hafiz Muhammad Masoom, (District Zakat & Ushr Committee, Khushab)

In Timaeus Plato describes khôra as a receptacle, a space, or an interval. ... In Timaeus Plato describes khôra as a receptacle, a space, or an interval. ... In Timaeus Plato describes khôra as a receptacle, a space, or an interval. ... In Timaeus Plato describes khôra as a receptacle, a space, or an interval. ... There are several references to Awan: Awan was an Elamite dynasty of Iran. ... There are several references to Awan: Awan was an Elamite dynasty of Iran. ...

News Of District Khushab

The state of emergency has been imposed in country and all political activities are suspended . pml<q> is supporting pervaiz musharf for his act . leaders of pml<q> added,due to ongoing intense sitution in pakistan, this was necessary to bring country in normal postion and soon new election will be announced and political activities will be revived.



Yesterday, I came to know that the father of one my colleagues had suffered heart attack and was admitted to DHQ Hospital Joharabad. When I went to the hospital today to inquire after his health, I was told to go to the CCU Section. I was flabbergasted to see how freely everyone was approaching the CCU ward, unlike what is observed in good quality hospitals. The situation of the CCU ward itself was even worse. Numerous beds were placed together and the CCU ward was giving the look of a bus stop waiting lounge.

No one was observing silence, some stretcher's movement was making the atmosphere even more noisy. The floors were dirty and in short there was nothing that one expects in a CCU ward. It was then that I saw a cat moving into this so-called CCU ward, amazingly the hospital didn't bother to take any notice of it.

A sight like this is a slap on the face of our government when they boast of their achievements. This is when one comes to understand that sometimes money can buy you health. We don't need the nuclear arms for our protection, we need a healthier Pakistan where as long as one should live he lives a healthy life. The statement of Pervez Eahi that runs on Geo several times a day strikes me ironically, "Hur kadam khushhali ki jaanib."

-Talal Hussain Malik

Main villages

  • Katha Saghraal Raajgaan
  • Khora
  • Nowshahra
  • Jauhar Abad
  • Daiwal
  • Jabbi Sharif
  • Padhrar
  • Tiba Qaim Din
  • Hadali
  • Mitha Tiwana
  • Hamokah
  • Noor Pur Thal
  • Qaid Abad
  • Dhak Janjua
  • kufri
  • kalyal
  • Pail-Piran
  • Chanki
  • Rahdari
  • Shahwala
  • Mehmood Shaheed
  • Bambool
  • Jara
  • katimar
  • Shah Hussain
  • Adhi Kot
  • Rangpur Baghoor
  • Girot+Mohibpur
  • Billand
  • Pelovanis
  • Namewali
  • Majoka
  • Sabral

Main Towns

  • Satellite Town Khushab
  • Satellite Town Jauharabad
  • New Satellite Town Jauharabad
  • Model Town jauhurabad
  • civil lines jauharabad

The Nuclear Weaponry Program

A stark intervention of prying eyes of a privately owned satellite, at the eve of President Bill Clinton's arrival to the Indian Sub-continent, captured a nuclear weapons base in Khushab in 2000 and declared that Nuclear Weaponry Program in Pakistan was second only to the United States. William Jefferson Bill Clinton (born William Jefferson Blythe III[1] on August 19, 1946) was the 42nd President of the United States, serving from 1993 to 2001. ...

Controversies and debates

On March 21, 2000, the Christian Science Monitor published an article written by Alexander Colhoun, a high-resolution aerial satellite photo revealed a nuclear reactor and a missile base in the city of Khushab. These pictures had mixed views, one of the expression of power that could shackle or reshape diplomatic landscapes[5] of a region and another of the ethical question about the usage of satellite imagery in terms of privacy and national sovereignty of a nuclear-capable nation. The report was published at a time when American President Bill Clinton was due to visit India and sparked concerns worldwide. It was later clearly stated in the Dawn newspaper on June 14, 2000 that this particular nuclear reactor at Khushab and its reprocessing plant were generating between 8 to 10 kilograms of weapons-grade plutonium per year, dedicated for military use. is the 80th day of the year (81st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full 2000 Gregorian calendar). ... The Christian Science Monitor (CSM) is an international newspaper published daily, Monday through Friday. ... Core of a small nuclear reactor used for research. ... William Jefferson Bill Clinton (born William Jefferson Blythe III[1] on August 19, 1946) was the 42nd President of the United States, serving from 1993 to 2001. ... Dawn is Pakistans oldest and most widely-read English-language newspaper. ... is the 165th day of the year (166th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full 2000 Gregorian calendar). ...

China, a nuclear friend

Some reports around the time of the satellite imagery stunt revealed that China is helping Pakistan mount nuclear warheads atop mobile M-11 missiles for which garages were supposedly build underground at Sargodha. If the case be, Pakistan had a head-start in the nuclear game. John E. Pike, spokesperson for the Federation of American Scientists told a press conference nuclear powers, in the past, or presumed nuclear powers, except the U.S., had only one organisation for making uranium and plutonium bombs because of the high costs involved but, Pakistan had two. The scene of one of the Madrid bombings. ... John E. Pike (fl. ... The Federation of American Scientists (FAS)[1] is a non-profit organization formed in 1945 by scientists from the Manhattan Project who felt that scientists, engineers and other innovators had an ethical obligation to bring their knowledge and experience to bear on critical national decisions. ...


Administrative divisions of Punjab (Pakistan) Flag of Pakistan
Capital Lahore
Districts Attock | Bahawalnagar | Bahawalpur | Bhakkar | Chakwal | Dera Ghazi Khan | Faisalabad | Gujranwala | Gujrat | Hafizabad | Jhang | Jhelum | Kasur | Khanewal | Khushab | Lahore | Layyah | Lodhran | Mandi Bahauddin | Mianwali | Multan | Muzaffargarh | Nankana Sahib | Narowal | Okara | Pakpattan | Rahimyar Khan | Rajanpur | Rawalpindi | Sahiwal | Sargodha | Sheikhupura | Sialkot | Toba Tek Singh | Vehari 

  Results from FactBites:
Sargodha - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (499 words)
Shahpur which is now a tehsil of district sargodha was the district at that time.
Sargodha is the eighth largest city of Pakistan, 175 kilometres north-west of Lahore, in Sargodha District.
District Headquarters Hospital is the major government hospital, while PAF Hospital and CMH are also mojor hospitals of the city.
  More results at FactBites »



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