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Encyclopedia > Khujand

Khujand (Tajik Хуҷанд or خجند, also transliterated as Khudzhand, Russian: Худжанд, formerly Khodjend or Khodzhent until 1939 and Leninabad until 1992), is the second largest city of Tajikistan. It is situated on the Syr Darya River at the mouth of the Fergana Valley. The population of the city is 149,000 (2000 census), down from 160,000 in 1989. It is also the capital of the northernmost province of Tajikistan, now called Sughd. Tajik or Tadjik (тоҷикӣ, تاجیکی, tojikí) is a descendant of the Persian language spoken in Central Asia. ... 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday. ... Syr Darya (also known as Syrdarya or Sirdaryo) is a river in Central Asia. ... The Fergana Valley (also Ferghana Valley) is a region in the Tian Shan mountain ranges of Central Asia spreading across eastern Uzbekistan, Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan. ... This article is about the year 2000. ... 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Sughd is one of the four provinces which make up Tajikistan and is located in the northwest of the country. ...


History

The classical authors state Alexander of Macedon founded a Greek settlement near the site of today's Khujand in 329 BC called the city of Alexandria Eschate or "Alexandria The Furthest" - modern Khujand. However, there have been no archaeological finds which have been discovered so far which can be dated to the Greek period. It would have formed a bastion for the Greek settlers against the Scythian tribes to the north of the Syr Darya, which the Greeks called the Jaxartes River. It became a major staging point on the northern Silk Route. Bust of Alexander the Great in the British Museum. ... Centuries: 5th century BC - 4th century BC - 3rd century BC Decades: 370s BC 360s BC 350s BC 340s BC 330s BC - 320s BC - 310s BC 300s BC 290s BC 280s BC 270s BC 334 BC 333 BC 332 BC 331 BC 330 BC - 329 BC - 328 BC 327 BC 326... Alexandria Eschate (Greek , “Alexandria the Furthest”) was founded by Alexander the Great in 329 BCE as his most advanced base in Central Asia. ... Scythian warriors, drawn after figures on an electrum cup from the KulOba kurgan burial near Kerch. ... Syr Darya (also known as Syrdarya or Sirdaryo) is a river in Central Asia. ... The Silk Road (Traditional Chinese: 絲綢之路; Simplified Chinese: 丝绸之路; pinyin: sī chóu zhī lù) was an interconnected series of routes through Southern Asia traversed by caravan and ocean vessel, and connecting Changan, China with Antioch, Syria, as well as other points. ...


During much of its history Khujand like the rest of Central Asia was a part of the Persian Empire and its history is a part of the Persian history. Some of the famous Persian poets and scientists come from this city. Map of Central Asia showing three sets of possible boundaries for the region Central Asia located as a region of the world Central Asia (Russian: Средняя Азия/Srednyaya Azia for Middle Asia or Центральная Азия/Tsentralnaya Azia for Central Asia; in Turkic languages Orta Asya; in Persian آسياى مرکزی; (Urdu: وسطى ايشيا)Wasti Asia; Standard Mandarin Chinese... The Persian Empire was a series of historical empires that ruled over the Iranian plateau. ... Iran is one of the worlds oldest continuous major civilizations. ...


Khujand was ruined by the Arabs in the eighth century and strongly resisted the Mongol hordes five centuries later. In the year of 1866 Central Asia was occupied by Russia pushing back the borders of Persia and the local Khanates. The Arabs (Arabic: عرب ) are an ethnic group found throughout the Middle East and North Africa. ... Mongol Empires largest extent coloured in blue. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... For the Star Trek character see Khan Noonien Singh. ...


Between 1924 and 1929, the city was part of Uzbekistan. The city was renamed Leninabad on October 27, 1939, and re-established on December 23, 1970. It reverted to its original name in 1992 after the breakup of the Soviet Union, and is now in the state of Tajikistan. 1924 (MCMXXIV) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1929 (MCMXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... October 27 is the 300th day of the year (301st in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 65 days remaining. ... 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... December 23 is the 357th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (358th in leap years). ... 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1970 calendar). ... 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday. ...


References

  • Hill, John E. 2004. The Peoples of the West from the Weilue 魏略 by Yu Huan 魚豢: A Third Century Chinese Account Composed between 239 and 265. Draft annotated English translation. [1] (See under the heading for "Northern Wuyi").

See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
Khujand - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (359 words)
Khujand (Tajik Хуҷанд or خجند, also transliterated as Khudzhand, Russian: Худжанд, formerly Khodjend or Khodzhent until 1939 and Leninabad until 1992), is the second largest city of Tajikistan.
It is situated on the Syr Darya River at the mouth of the Fergana Valley.
Khujand was ruined by the Arabs in the eighth century and strongly resisted the Mongol hordes five centuries later.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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