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Encyclopedia > Khufu ship
The reconstructed "Solar barge" of Khufu
The reconstructed "Solar barge" of Khufu

The Khufu ship is an intact full-size vessel from Ancient Egypt that was sealed into a pit in the Giza pyramid complex at the foot of the Great Pyramid of Giza around 2,500 BC. The ship was almost certainly built for Khufu (King Cheops), the second pharaoh of the Fourth Dynasty of the Old Kingdom of Egypt. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (410x614, 63 KB) Solar bark of Kheops. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (410x614, 63 KB) Solar bark of Kheops. ... Khafres Pyramid (4th dynasty) and Great Sphinx of Giza (c. ... The Giza Pyramids, part of the Giza Necropolis The Giza Necropolis (coordinates ) stands on the Giza Plateau, on the outskirts of Cairo, Egypt. ... Great Pyramid of Giza from a 19th century stereopticon card photo. ... Khufu Protected by Khnum[1] Horus name Medjedu Nebty name Nebty-r-medjed Golden Horus Bikwy-nub Consort(s) Meritates, Henutsen, plus two other queens whose names are not known[2] Issues Djedefra, Kawab, Khafre, Djedefhor, Banefre, Khufukaef, Hetepheres II, Meresankh II, Khamerernebty[2] Father Sneferu Mother Hetepheres I Died... The Fourth dynasty of Egypt was the second of the four dynasties considered forming the Old Kingdom. ... The Old Kingdom is the name commonly given to that period in the 3rd millennium BC when Egypt attained its first continuous peak of civilization complexity and achievement - this was the first of three so-called Kingdom periods, which mark the high points of civilization in the Nile Valley (the...


It is one of the oldest, largest, and best-preserved vessels from antiquity. At 43.6 m overall, it is longer than the reconstructed Ancient Greek trireme Olympias and, for comparison, twice the length of the Golden Hind in which Francis Drake circumnavigated the world. Olympias is a reconstruction of an ancient Athenian trireme. ... The Golden Hind was an English ship best known for its global circumnavigation between 1577 and 1580, captained by Sir Francis Drake. ...


The ship was rediscovered in 1954 by Kamal el-Mallakh, undisturbed since it was sealed into a pit carved out of the Giza bedrock. It was built largely of cedar planking in the "shell-first" construction technique and has been reconstructed from more than 1,200 pieces which had been laid in a logical, disassembled order in the pit beside the pyramid. 1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Species Cedrus deodara Cedrus libani    var. ...


The history and function of the ship are not precisely known. It is of the type known as a "solar barge", a ritual vessel to carry the resurrected king with the sun god Ra across the heavens. However, it bears some signs of having been used in water, and it is possible that the ship was either a funerary "barge" used to carry the king's embalmed body from Memphis to Giza, or even that Khufu himself used it as a "pilgrimage ship" to visit holy places and that it was then buried for him to use in the afterlife. Ra in his Solar barge A Solar barge (also Solar bark, Solar boat, Sun boat) is a mythological representation of the Sun riding in a boat. ... This article is about the Egyptian god. ...


The Khufu ship has been on display to the public in a specially built museum at the Giza pyramid complex since 1982.


Further reading

  • Nancy Jenkins - The boat beneath the pyramid: King Cheops' royal ship (1980) ISBN 0-03-057061-1
  • Paul Lipke -

External links

  • Ships of the World: An Historical Encyclopedia - "Cheops ship"
  • The Giza Mapping Project

 
 

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