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Encyclopedia > Khufu (pharaoh)

Khufu's Cartouche

Khufu (in Greek known as Cheops) was a Pharaoh of Ancient Egypt's Old Kingdom. He reigned from around 2589 BC to 2566 BC. He was the second pharaoh of the Fourth Dynasty. Cartouche of the Pharaoh Khufu A cartouche, in Egyptian hieroglyphs, is an oblong enclosure with a vertical line at one end, indicating that the text enclosed is a royal name. ... This article refers to the historical Pharaoh. ... Map of Ancient Egypt Ancient Egypt was the civilization of the Nile Valley between about 3000 BC and the conquest of Egypt by Alexander the Great in 332 BC. As a civilization based on irrigation, it is the quintessential example of a hydraulic empire. ... The Old Kingdom is the name commonly given to that period in the 3rd millennium BC when Egypt attained its first continuous peak of civilization complexity and achievement - this was the first of three so-called Kingdom periods which mark the high points of civilisation in the Nile Valley (the... The Fourth dynasty of Egypt was the second of the four dynasties considered forming the Old Kingdom. ...

Khufu was the son of King Sneferu and, unlike his father, was remembered as a cruel and ruthless pharaoh. Khufu had several sons, one of which, Djedefra, was his immediate successor. He had a daughter named Queen Hetepheres II. Sneferus Cartouche Sneferu, also spelt as Snefru or Snofru (in Greek known as Soris), was the founder of the Fourth dynasty of Egypt, reigning from around 2613 BC to 2589 BC. The father of Egypts most famous pyramid builder, Khufu, Sneferu was actually more prolific than his heir... The Egyptian pharoah Djedefra was the successor and the only surviving son of Khufu. ... The word Queen may have many meanings: Political A queen regnant is a female monarch. ... Hetepheres II must have been one of the longest living members of the royal family of the Fourth dynasty of Egypt. ...

Construction of the Great Pyramid

Khufu is most famous for the construction of the Great Pyramid of Giza, the only one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World still standing. Little else remains in his memory, and only one miniature statuette of him has been discovered in the temple of Abydos and is now on display in the Egyptian Museum, Cairo. His mummy has never been recovered. An empty sarcophagus is located in the center of the King's Chamber inside the pyramid. This article is in need of attention. ... The seven wonders of the world are usually taken to be the seven wonders of the ancient world. ... Main entrance of the Egyptian Museum The Egyptian Museum in Cairo, Egypt — strictly, the Museum of Egyptian Antiquities — is home to the most extensive collection of pharaonic antiquities in the world. ... View of the modern citys skyline. ... A mummy is a preserved corpse that, due to shielding from decomposition by either natural or artificial means, has retained its physical form. ...

There are two theories surrounding the construction of his pyramid. The first theory, suggested by the Greeks, suggests that slaves were forced to work until the Pyramid was gone. The more logical and more supported theory, however, suggests that the Great Pyramid of Egypt was built by hundreds of skilled workers who camped near the pyramids and worked for a salary until the construction of the pyramid was completed.

In August 2004 two amateur French Egyptologists, Gilles Dormion and Jean-Yves Verd'hurt, claimed that they had discovered, using ground-penetrating radar and architectural analysis, a previously unknown corridor inside the pyramid. If their claim is true, the corridor is unlikely ever to have been violated and could possibly lead to a chamber containing the king's remains. But, as of yet, the pair have been refused permission by the Egyptian Supreme Council of Antiquities to follow up their findings and, they hope, prove the room's existence. 2004 : January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December See also: August 2004 in sports Deaths in August 2004 • 30 Fred Whipple • 26 Laura Branigan • 24 Elisabeth Kübler_Ross • 18 Elmer Bernstein • 15 Amarsinh Chaudhary • 14 Czesław Miłosz • 13 Julia Child • 8 Robert Bootzin • 8 Fay Wray... The word amateur has at least two connotations. ... Egyptologist is the designation given to an archaeologist or historian who specialises in Egyptology, the scientific study of Ancient Egypt and its antiquities. ... Jean-Yves Verdhurt (1937-2005) is a retired French property agent and amateur Egyptologist. ... This long range radar antenna (approximately 40m (130ft) in diameter) rotates on a track to observe activities near the horizon. ... Part of the Egyptian Ministry of Culture, the Supreme Council of Antiquities (commonly abbreviated SCA) is responsible for the conservation, protection and regulation of all antiquities and archaeological excavations in the Arab Republic of Egypt. ...

Some scholars believe that he was not a pharaoh, instead Khufu was a sign of the God of All Gods, or "the sun", so the Ancient Egyptians built the great pyramid in Giza to keep the worship to their god forever.

Preceded by:
Pharaoh of Egypt
Fourth Dynasty
Succeeded by:

  Results from FactBites:
Khufu: (0 words)
Khufu was the second pharaoh of the Fourth Dynasty.
Khufu was the son of King Sneferu and Queen Hetepheres.
Three small pyramids to the east of Khufu's pyramid are tentatively thought to belong to two of his wives, and the third has been ascribed to Khufu's mother Hetepheres I, whose funerary equipment was found relatively intact in a shaft tomb nearby.
The queen's chamber was meant to hold Khufu's funeral objects and not to be the burial chamber for a queen.
The Queen's chamber was meant to hold Khufu's funerary objects and not to be the burial chamber for a queen.
The satellite pyramid that was a symbolic tomb for Khufu's Ka and the mastabas.
  More results at FactBites »



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