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Encyclopedia > Khor Fakkan

Khor Fakkan (sometimes written as 'Khawr Fakkan') (Arabic:خورفكان) is geographically situated within the Emirate of Fujairah on the East coast of the United Arab Emirates on the Gulf of Oman, but is actually an isolated enclave belonging to the Emirate of Sharjah. It is the site of a shallow draught port and oil refining facilities. Arabic can mean: From or related to Arabia From or related to the Arabs The Arabic language; see also Arabic grammar The Arabic alphabet, used for expressing the languages of Arabic, Persian, Malay ( Jawi), Kurdish, Panjabi, Pashto, Sindhi and Urdu, among others. ... Fujairah (Arabic: الفجيرة) is an emirate of the United Arab Emirates. ... The Gulf of Oman is a strait that connects the Arabian Sea with the Persian Gulf. ... The Emirate of Sharjah (Arabic: الشارقة) extends along approximately 16 kilometres of the United Arab Emiratess Persian Gulf coastline and for more than 80 kilometres into the interior. ...


History

In 1580 the Venetian jeweller Gasparo Balbi noted "Chorf" in a list of places on the east coast of the United Arab Emirates, which is considered by historians to indicate Khor Fakkan. The Portuguese built a fort at Khor Fakkan, which was a ruin by 1666. Events March 1 - Michel de Montaigne signs the preface to his most significant work, Essays. ... Country Italy Region Veneto Province Venice (VE) Mayor Massimo Cacciari (since April 18, 2004) Elevation m Area 412 km² Population  - Total (as of December 31, 2004) 271,251  - Density 646/km² Time zone CET, UTC+1 Coordinates Gentilic Veneziani Dialing code 041 Postal code 30100 Frazioni Chirignago, Favaro Veneto, Mestre... 1666 is often called Annus Mirabilis. ...


This fort and another one is mentioned in the log book of the Dutch vessel the Meerkat, which describes "Gorfacan" as place on a small bay, with about 200 small houses built from date branches, near the beach. It refers to a triangular Portuguese fortress on the northern side, in ruins, and a fortress on a hill on the southern side, also in ruins, without garrison or artillery. As well as date palms, the Meerkat's log also mentions fig trees, melons, watermelons and myrrh. It notes several wells with "good and fresh water" used for irrigation. 100g of Myrrh. ...


One reason suggested for the ruinous state of the forts is an invasion by the Persian navy, under the control of Omani Sheikh Muhammad Suhari, in 1623. Suhari, facing a Portuguese counter-attack, withdrew to the Portuguese forts, including that of Khor Fakkan. When the Persians were expelled, the Portuguese commander Ruy Freire urged the people of Khor Fakkan to remain loyal to the Portuguese crown, and established a Portuguese customs office as well. For other uses of this term see: Persia (disambiguation) The Persian Empire is the name used to refer to a number of historic dynasties that have ruled the country of Persia (Iran). ...


In 1737, long after the Portuguese had been expelled from Arabia, the Persians again invaded Khor Fakkan, with the help of the Dutch, during their intervention in the Omani civil war. In 1765 Khor Fakkan belonged to a sheikh of the Qawasim, Sharjah's ruling family, according to the German traveller Carsten Niebuhr. Events 12 February — The San Carlo, the oldest working opera house in Europe, is inaugurated. ... 1765 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... The Emirate of Sharjah (Arabic: الشارقة) extends along approximately 16 kilometres of the United Arab Emiratess Persian Gulf coastline and for more than 80 kilometres into the interior. ... Carsten Niebuhr (March 17, 1733 - April 26, 1815) was a German traveller. ...


Archaeology

Khor Fakkan has a long history of human settlement. Excavations by a team from the Sharjah Archaeological Museum have identified 34 graves and a settlement belonging to the early-mid 2nd millennium BC. These are clustered on rock outcrops overlooking the harbour. (3rd millennium BC – 2nd millennium BC – 1st millennium BC – other millennia) // Events To grasp the spirit of the 2nd millennium BC, we must divide it in two parts, for there is a period of change around its middle so important that it creates two separate sub-millennia. First half (2000...


One site of interest is the Rifaisa Dam, in the mountains of Khor Fakkan. This is believed to have been built over a village, and when the water is very still, the tops of the old houses are still visible.


Tourism

Khor Fakkan is a popular tourism spot, surrounded with huge mountains and attractive beaches. Its most famous hotel is the Oceanic. It also features coral outcrops suitable for diving and snorkelling. Tourism is somewhat held back by Sharjah's ban on alcohol.


The fish, fruit and vegetable souq is located at the southern end of the corniche.


Al Wurrayah Falls is reachable by four-wheel-drive around 4.5km north of the Oceanic hotel.


  Results from FactBites:
 
Khor Fakkan - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (513 words)
Khor Fakkan (sometimes written as 'Khawr Fakkan') (Arabic:خورفكان) is geographically situated within the Emirate of Fujairah on the East coast of the United Arab Emirates on the Gulf of Oman, but is actually an isolated enclave belonging to the Emirate of Sharjah.
The Portuguese built a fort at Khor Fakkan, which was a ruin by 1666.
In 1765 Khor Fakkan belonged to a sheikh of the Qawasim, according to the German traveller Carsten Niebuhr, just as it does to this day (when does this mean?).
Sharjah - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (942 words)
These are Kalba, Khor Fakkan and Dibba al-Husn.
Sharjah also encompasses some important oasis areas, the most famous of which is Dhaid where a wide range of vegetables and fruits is cultivated on its rich and fertile soil.
Khor Fakkan provides Sharjah with a major east coast port.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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