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Encyclopedia > Khatun

Khatun (Persian: خاتون - Khātūn) is a female title of nobility, prominently used in the First Turkish Empire and in the subsequent Mongol Empire. Farsi redirects here. ... The Göktürks or Kök-Türks were a Turkic people of ancient Central Asia and China. ... Expansion of the Mongol Empire Historical map of the Mongol Empire The Mongol Empire, also known as the Mongolian Empire (Mongolian: , Mongolyn Ezent Güren; 1206–1405) was the largest contiguous empire in history and for sometime was the most feared in Eurasia. ...

Although the title gained prominence among the Turko-Mongol tribes of Inner Asia, it is - like the titles Tarkhan, Beg and Yabghu - not of Altaic, but of Indo-European (in this case Middle Iranian) Sogdian origin.[1][2][3] The Altaic peoples are the peoples who speak Altaic languages. ... The term China proper is usually used to refer to the historical heartlands of China, and to make a contrast between these heartlands and frontier regions of Outer China (Inner Asia). ... For the Punjabi tribe called Tarkhan, see Tarkhan (tribe). ... BEG is 1) a verb, meaning to mendicate 2) an alternative form of the Turkic title bey (chieftain, governor etc) ... Yabgu (literally, pioneer, guide) was a state office in the early Türkic states, roughly equivalent to viceroy. ... Altaic is a proposed language family that includes 66 languages [1] spoken by about 348 million people, mostly in and around Central Asia and northeast Asia. ... For other uses, see Indo-European. ... Numerous languages are spoken in Iran, yet all of them originate from the same linguistic roots. ... The Sogdians were an ancient people of Central Asia, who inhabited the region known to the West as Sogdiana. ...

Before the advent of Islam in Central Asia, Khatun was the title of the Queen of Bukhara. According to the Encyclopaedia of Islam:[2] For people named Islam, see Islam (name). ... Bukhara (Tajik: Бухоро; Persian: , Buxârâ; Uzbek: ; Russian: ), from the Soghdian βuxārak (lucky place), is the fifth-largest city in Uzbekistan, and capital of the Bukhara Province (viloyat). ... The Encyclopaedia of Islam (EI) is the standard encyclopaedia of the academic discipline of Islamic studies. ...

Khatun 'is a title of Sogdian origin borne by the wives and female relatives of of the Tu-chueh and subsequent Turkish Rulers.


  1. ^ Carter Vaughn Findley, "Turks in World History", Oxford University Press, 2005, p. 45: "... Many elements of Non-Turkic origin also became part of Türk statecraft [...] for example, as in the case of khatun [...] and beg [...] both terms being of Sogdian origin and ever since in common use in Turkish. ..."
  2. ^ a b Fatima Mernissi, "The Forgotten Queens of Islam", University of Minnesota Press, 1993. pg 21: "... Khatun 'is a title of Sogdian origin borne by the wives and female relatives of of the Tu-chueh and subsequent Turkish Rulers ..."
  3. ^ Leslie P. Peirce, "The Imperial Harem: Women and Sovereignty in the Ottoman Empire", Oxford University Press, 1993. pg 312: "... On the title Khatun, see Boyle, 'Khatun', 1933, according to whom it was of Soghdian origin and was borne by wives and female relations of various Turkish Rulers. ..."

  Results from FactBites:
Iran Substates (685 words)
After his defeat and death in 1263/64, Hülegü nominated her infant daughter, Abish Khatun to be the ruler of Fars.
Also known as Bibi Khatun, she was a major player in events both in the ordu (at the court) and in Kirman until her death in 1288 or 1289
She was eventually forced to capitulate and submitted to the Ilkhan (Öljei Khatun did indeed intercede for her), dying at the ordu in 1287, after having lived (ca.
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