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Encyclopedia > Khan Krum

Krum (died April 13, 814) was a Khan of Bulgaria, of the Dulo clan, from 802 to 814. April 13 is the 103rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (104th in leap years). ... Events Louis the Pious succeeds Charlemagne as king of the Franks and Emperor. ... Khan (sometimes spelled as xan, han) is a title meaning ruler in Mongolian and Turkish. ... The Dulo Clan or the House of Dulo was the name of the ruling dynasty of the early Bulgars. ... Events 31 October - Irene deposed as Emperoress of Byzantium and replaced by Nicephorus I. She is banished to Lesbos. ... Events Louis the Pious succeeds Charlemagne as king of the Franks and Emperor. ...


By defeating the Avar Khaganate in 805, Krum expanded the territory of Bulgaria to the north to cover the whole of Transylvania and eastern Panonia. A common border in Panonia was established between the Frankish Empire and Bulgaria, forcing the empire of Charlemagne to reckon with his powerful Balkan neighbor. The Eurasian Avars were a nomadic people of Eurasia who migrated into central and eastern Europe in the 6th century. ... Events Emperor Nicephorus I of Byzantium suffers a major defeat against the Saracens at Crasus. ... Transylvania (Romanian: Transilvania or Ardeal, Hungarian: Erdély, German: Siebenbürgen, Serbian: Трансилванија / Transilvanija, Bulgarian: Трансилвания (Transilvaniya) or Седмоградско (Sedmogradsko), Седмиградско (Sedmigradsko), Turkish: Erdel, Slovak: Sedmohradsko or Transylvánia, Polish: Siedmiogród) forms the western and central parts of Romania. ... Position of the Roman province of Pannonia Pannonia is an ancient country bounded north and east by the Danube, conterminous westward with Noricum and upper Italy, and southward with Dalmatia and upper Moesia. ... The Franks or the Frankish people were one of several west Germanic tribes who entered the late Roman Empire from Frisia as foederati and established a lasting realm (sometimes referred to as Francia) in an area that covers most of modern-day France and the region of Franconia in Germany... Charlemagne is also the name of a column in The Economist on European affairs. ... ...


Khan Krum aimed to incorporate all lands inhabited by Slavs and Bulgars into his state. The Byzantine Empire, under the leadership of Nicephorus I Genik, was alarmed. The first Byzantine attempt to attack Bulgaria was prevented by an internal plot. Before the end of 809, the Bulgarian forces had defeated the Byzantine army in the Struma valley. Serdica, which was later to become Bulgaria's capital, was captured at this time. The Byzantine Empire is the term conventionally used to describe the Greek-speaking Roman Empire during the Middle Ages, centred at its capital in Constantinople. ... Nicephorus I aka Nikeforos Fokas, Nicephorus Phocas (died July 26, 811) was a Byzantine emperor (802-811). ... Events Saga succeeds Heizei as emperor of Japan. ... Struma was a Greek ship chartered to carry Jewish refugees from Romania to British-controlled Palestine. ... National Theatre, Sofia Alexander Nevski Cathedral The city of Sofia (Bulgarian: София), at the foot of the Vitosha mountain, has a population of 1,208,930 (2003), and is the capital of the Republic of Bulgaria. ...


In 811 the Byzantine army captured Pliska and slaughtered its residents. After the palace was destroyed Krum was said to sue for peace offering Nicephorus I anything. The Byzantine Emperor refused the proposal. On July 26 Krum got his revenge, laying siege on the Byzantine army at the Vurbitsa pass, killing the Emperor and most of his commanders (see Battle of Pliska). Stauracius, son of Nicephorus, was paralyzed by a sword wound to his neck but escaped. It is said that Krum had the Emperor's skull lined with silver and used it as a drinking cup. Events July 26 - Battle of Pliska: Nicephorus I is defeated by the Bulgar khan Krum, and is succeeded by Stauracius as Byzantine emperor. ... The primary military body of the Byzantine armed forces, serving alongside the Byzantine Navy. ... Pliska (bulg. ... Nicephorus I aka Nikeforos Fokas, Nicephorus Phocas (died July 26, 811) was a Byzantine emperor (802-811). ... This is a list of Byzantine Emperors. ... July 26 is the 207th day (208th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 158 days remaining. ... The Battle of Pliska took place on July 26, 811, between the Byzantine Empire and the Bulgar khanate, resulting in one of the worst defeats in Byzantine history. ... Nicephorus I and Stauracius. ...


The Khan's further peace proposals met with refusal. Leading his army south, Krum seized Byzantine towns and strongholds. Extending another proposal for peace with very modest conditions, and with the new emperor refusing, the Bulgarians attacked Mesemvria (now Nessebar). The Bulgarians soon reached the walls of Constantinople. Intending to kill the Bulgarian Khan, the emperor proposed peace negotiations. The plot, however, was exposed and the Bulgarians tore through the lands between Constantinople and Adrianople. Krum's sudden death on April 13, 814 put an end to his goal of entering the Emperor's palace as a conqueror. Nessebar (Несебър), previously known as Mesembria and before that as Menebria, is an ancient city on the Black Sea coast of Bulgaria, located in Obshtina Nessebar, Burgas Oblast. ... Nessebar (Несебър), previously known as Mesembria and before that as Menebria, is an ancient city on the Black Sea coast of Bulgaria, located in Obshtina Nessebar, Burgas Oblast. ... Map of Constantinople. ... Map of Constantinople. ... Edirne is a city in (Thrace), the westernmost part of Turkey, close to the borders with Greece and Bulgaria. ...


Khan Krum was also known for the first Bulgarian written laws, which, in what may be the earliest example of state social policy in history, ensured subsidies to beggars and state protection to the poor of all Bulgarians. Through his laws he became known as a magnanimous ruler, bringing Slavs and Bulgars into a centralized state. Drinking, slander and robbery were severely punished under Krum, an extraordinary personality that has impressed many prominent Europeans for many centuries. His legislation was paid tribute to in Montaigne's works, Francois Rabelais described Krum's state as a country where there had been no treachery, slander and theft. Krum was the prototype of Prospero in Shakespeare's The Tempest, one of Grifius' characters in Germany, and Corneille's - in France. Critical legal studies Jurisprudence Law (principle) Legal research Letter versus Spirit List of legal abbreviations Legal code Pointless law Natural justice Natural law Philosophy of law Religious law External links Wikibooks Wikiversity has more about this subject: School of Law Look up law in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Michel Eyquem de Montaigne (February 28, 1533 - September 13, 1592) was an influential French Renaissance writer, generally considered to be the inventor of the personal essay. ... François Rabelais (ca. ... Prospero and Miranda by William Maw Egley Prospero is the protagonist in The Tempest, a play by William Shakespeare. ... William Shakespeare—born April 1564; baptised April 26, 1564; died April 23, 1616 (O.S.), May 3, 1616 (N.S.)—has a reputation as the greatest of all writers in English. ... Miranda and Ferdinand, Angelica Kauffmann, 1782. ...


His son Omurtag succeeded to the throne. Omortag-Khan or Omurtag of Bulgaria succeeded his father Krum to the throne in 814. ...


Related Articles

The history of Bulgaria began in the 7th century CE with the arrival of the Bulgars in the Balkans. ... What on Earth is Varkun, and how could it be related to the word Bulgar? Furthermore, I believe the current view is that Bulgars were not originally Turkic (article seems to agree), so it does not make sense for the word to be derived from a Turkic language. ...

External links

  • Borders of Bulgaria during the reign of Khan Krum
Preceded by:
Kardam
List of Bulgarian monarchs Succeeded by:
Omurtag

  Results from FactBites:
 
Krum - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (506 words)
Krum (died April 13, 814) was a Khan of Bulgaria, of the Dulo clan, from 802 to 814.
Khan Krum was also known for the first Bulgarian written laws, which, in what may be the earliest example of state social policy in history, ensured subsidies to beggars and state protection to the poor of all Bulgarians.
Krum was the prototype of Prospero in Shakespeare's The Tempest, one of Grifius' characters in Germany, and Corneille's - in France.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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