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Encyclopedia > Khalifa
Omdurman, Sudan. "In the Khalifa's house. The caretaker; typical of Mahdi's followers."

Khalifa (خليفة ẖalīfä) is Arabic for "stewardship" of nature and family, and is a key obligation of a Muslim. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (792x1000, 498 KB) TITLE: Sudan. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (792x1000, 498 KB) TITLE: Sudan. ... Map of Sudan with Khartoum Map of Ohmdurman with Khartoum and Bahri Omdurman is a city on the river Nile in Sudan, opposite the capital, Khartoum. ... The Arabic language (Arabic: ‎ translit: ), or simply Arabic (Arabic: ‎ translit: ), is the largest member of the Semitic branch of the Afro-Asiatic language family (classification: South Central Semitic) and is closely related to Hebrew and Aramaic. ... In general stewardship is responsibility for taking good care of resources entrusted to one. ... A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم, Turkish: Müslüman, Persian and Urdu: مسلمان, Bosnian: Musliman) is an adherent of Islam. ...


The word is most commonly used for the Islamic leader of the Ummah, which is translated into English as Caliph (see there for this definition). Umma (Arabic: ‎) is an Arabic word meaning community or nation. ... Caliph is the title for the Islamic leader of the Ummah, or community of Islam. ...


However there are also several other specific uses of the same title for Muslim offices at lower levels of power and authoririty.

Contents


Stewardship

While Sunni and Shia Islam differ sharply on the conduct of a caliph and the right relations between a leader and a community, they do not differ on the underlying theory of stewardship. Both abhor waste of natural resources in particular to show off or demonstrate power. Many consider this conservation urge a necessity of any desert culture, where oases are precious and natural capital must be preserved, in particular clean water sources. Sunni Islam (Arabic سنّة) is the largest denomination of Islam. ... Shiʻa Islam (Arabic شيعى follower; English has traditionally used Shiite) makes up the second largest sect of believers in Islam, constituting about 30%–35% of all Muslim. ... For other uses, including people named Islam, see Islam (disambiguation). ... Caliph is the title for the Islamic leader of the Ummah, or community of Islam. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Oasis in the Libyan part of the Sahara For other uses of this word, see Oasis (disambiguation). ... Natural capital is a metaphor for the mineral, plant, and animal formations of the Earths biosphere when viewed as a means of production of oxygen, water filter, erosion preventer, or provider of other natural services. ...


Three specific ways in which khalifa is manifested in Muslim practice are the creation of haram to protect water, hima to protect other species (including those useful to man), and by resisting infidel control over Muslim lands, through jihad. A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم, Turkish: Müslüman, Persian and Urdu: مسلمان, Bosnian: Musliman) is an adherent of Islam. ... This article covers the word as used in Islamic urban planning. ... Hima means (is Arabic for) inviolate zones solely for the conservation of natural capital, typically fields, wildlife and forests (contrast haram to protect areas for more immediate human purposes). ... An infidel (literally, one without faith) is one who doubts or rejects central tenets of a religion, especially those regarding its deities. ... A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم, Turkish: Müslüman, Persian and Urdu: مسلمان, Bosnian: Musliman) is an adherent of Islam. ... Jihad, sometimes spelled Jahad, Jehad, Jihaad, Djehad or Cihad, (Arabic: ‎ ) is an Islamic term, from the Arabic root (to exert utmost effort, to strive, struggle), which connotes a wide range of meanings: anything from an inward spiritual struggle to attain perfect faith to a political or military struggle. ...


The modern theory of khalifa as ecological stewardship has developed as part of Islamic science — notably in the work of Seyyed Hossein Nasr. This is a subarticle to Islamic studies and science. ... Nasr is an internationally acclaimed scholar [1]. Seyyed Hossein Nasr, (Persian: سيد حسين نصر) A lifelong student and follower of Frithjof Schuon, Persian philosopher and renowned scholar of comparative religion, is a prominent authority in the fields of Islamic esoterism, sufism, philosophy of science, and metaphysics. ...


Defining the Muslim Khalifa

A summary of a lecture series given by the Islamic Scholar, Gharm Allah Al-Ghamdy, defining the Muslim Khalifa. [1]


The Khalifa Institute calls for a world wide jihad and outlines their plan to bring the global society under the dominion of Islam. [2]


Titular uses

Religious leaders

Muhammad Ahmed ibn-Seyyid Abdullah (otherwise known as The Mahdi or Mohammed Ahmed) (1845 – 1885) was a Sudanese revolutionary. ... The Mahdi (Arabic: ‎ translit: , also Mehdi; Guided One), in Islamic eschatology, is the prophesied redeemer of Islam, who will change the world into a perfect Islamic society before Yaum al-Qiyamah (literally Day of the Resurrection). The exact nature of the Mahdi differs according to Sunni and Shia Muslims. ... Abdullah Ibn-Mohammed or Abdullah et Taaisha ( 1846 – November 24, 1899), also known as The Khalifa was a Sudanese Dervish General and ruler. ... Ahmadis (Urdu: Ahmadiyya), are followers of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad. ... The Mahdi (Arabic: ‎ translit: , also Mehdi; Guided One), in Islamic eschatology, is the prophesied redeemer of Islam, who will change the world into a perfect Islamic society before Yaum al-Qiyamah (literally Day of the Resurrection). The exact nature of the Mahdi differs according to Sunni and Shia Muslims. ... Entrance to the emirs palace in Bukhara. ...

Secular offices

In Morocco, the Sherifian Monarch awarded the title Khalifa or Chaliphe, here meaning 'Viceroy', to royal princes (styled Moulay), including future Sultans, who represented the crown in a part of the sultanate: A viceroy is a royal official who governs a country or province in the name of and as representative of the monarch. ... Moulay is a commune of the Mayenne département, in France. ...

  • especially in the former royal capitals Marrakesh, Fes and Meknes
  • also in other mayor cities, e.g. in Shawiya, Casablanca, Tafilalt, Tadla, Tiznit Tindouf, in the valley of the Draa River and in Tetouan.
  • but also, in the XXth century, as irrevocably fully mandated Representative of the Sultan in the Spanish Zone, known after him in Spanish as el Jalifato (note the definite article; although the Spanish word can also be applied to other deputies of various Moroccan officials), besides the Alto comisario (de facto governing 'High Commissioner') of the colonial 'protector' Spain, which called his office el Jalifa (not Califa, the word for any 'imperial' Caliph, ruling a califato):
    • 19 April 1913 - 9 November 1923 Mulay al-Mahdi bin Isma'il bin Muhammad (d. 1923)
    • 9 November 1923 - 9 November 1925 Vacant
    • 9 November 1925 - 16 March 1941 Mulay Hassan bin al-Mahdi (1st time) (b. 1912)
    • 16 March 1941 - October 1945 Vacant
    • October 1945 - 7 April 1956 Mulay Hassan bin al-Mahdi (2nd time)
See also Khilafah ( Caliphate)

Marrakech (مراكش marrākish), known as the Pearl of the South, is a city in southwestern Morocco in the foothills of the Atlas Mountains. ... Bab Bou Jeloud, gate to the Old Medina of Fes Leather dyeing vats in Fes Fes or Fez (Arabic فـاس [Fās], French Fès) (located at ) is the third largest city in Morocco, after Casablanca and Rabat, with a population of 946,815 (2004 census). ... Medresa Bou Inania in Meknes Meknes (Arabic: مكناس) is a city in northern Morocco, located 130 kilometres from the capital Rabat and 60 kilometres from Fes. ... Chaoui is the Chaoui language, Berber language of the Chaoui people of eastern Algeria, around Batna, Khenchela, Setif, Constantine, Oum el-Bouaghi, Souk Ahras, Tebessa and the north party of Biskra. ... Logo of Casablanca Casablanca from space Casablanca (Spanish for white house ; Standard Arabic: الدار البيضاء transliterated ; Moroccan Arabic: dar beïda; Berber: Taddart Tashemlalt) is a city in western Morocco, located on the Atlantic Ocean. ... Tafilalt or Tafilet is the most important oasis of the Moroccan Sahara, ten days journey south of Fez, across the Atlas. ... Tiznit, or Tiznet, is a city in southern Morocco, founded in 1881 by Moulay Hassan. ... Tindouf, also written Tinduf, (Arabic: تندوف) is a city and wilaya in the west of Algeria, population 30,000. ... The Draa (also spelled Dra or Draâ, in older sources mostly Darha or Dara) is Moroccos longest river (1100 km). ... Tétouan (Arabic: Titwan or Tittawen) is the capital and cultural centre of the region Tanga (Tangiers) in the north of Morocco. ... A High Commissioner is a person of high rank, holding a commission to serve in a special executive capacity. ... Caliph is the title for the Islamic leader of the Ummah, or community of Islam. ... An Anglicized/Latinized version of the Arabic word خليفة or Khalīfah, Caliph (  listen?) is the term or title for the Islamic leader of the Ummah, or community of Islam. ... The term prince (the female form is princess), from the Latin root princeps, when used for a member of the highest aristocracy, has several fundamentally different meanings - one generic, and several types of titles. ... Anglicized/Latinized version of the Arabic word خليفة or Khalifah, Caliph is the term or title for the Islamic leader of the Ummah, or community of Islam. ... An Anglicized/Latinized version of the Arabic word خليفة or Khalīfah, Caliph (  listen?) is the term or title for the Islamic leader of the Ummah, or community of Islam. ...

Other use

As many titles, Khalifa also occurs in many names, and is even the name of the Arabian peninsular Al Khalifa dynasty of Bahrain (mistakingly referred to Al-Bahrein) descending from the Bani Utub tribe. As mentioned previous Khalifa can have a definition, be a first name, or family or tribe name. It is a common Arabic name, e.g. Khalifa Saleh Abdulla Haroon Saleh (founder of Oxygen//Fluid Network and a Qatari National) son of Saleh Abdulla Haroon Saleh. (The more understood definition of Khalifa is 'leader', in Islam the name Khalifa could be argued to have come from 'Khalifa Al Rasheed'.) The Al-Khalifa dynasty is the ruling family of Bahrain. ... The Bani Utub (or Bani Utbah, or Utoob) is an Arab tribe originally from the region of Najd in central Arabia. ... Saleh Abdulla Haroon Saleh A Qatari National, born in 1962. ...


Sources and references

  • RoyalArk here Morocco - see also other present countries

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