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Encyclopedia > Khakassia

Khakassia or Khakasiya (Russian: Хака́сия or Хака́ссия) is a federal subject of Russia (a republic) located in south central Siberia. Image File history File links Khakassia_Flag. ... Image File history File links RussiaKhakassia2005. ... Russia is a federation which consists of 89 subjects (Russian: субъект(Ñ‹); English transliteration: subyekty, sing. ... In a broad definition, a republic is a state whose political organization rests on the principle that the citizens or electorate constitute the ultimate root of legitimacy and sovereignty. ... Siberia Siberia (Russian: , common English transliterations: Sibir’, Sibir; from the Tatar for “sleeping land”) is a vast region of Russia and northern Kazakhstan constituting almost all of northern Asia. ...

It has an area of 61,900 km² (ranked 49th) and a population of about 575,400. Abakan is the administrative centre of Khakassia, and with a population of around 160,000 making it the largest city. Here is a list of the 89 federal subjects of Russia in order of size. ... For the river Abakan see Abakan River City coat of arms Abakan (Russian: ) is the capital of Khakassia in Russia, in South Siberia. ...

Khakas is a Turkic language with co-official status in the republic. Turkish language spoken by Khakas people. ... The Turkic languages are a group of closely related languages that are spoken by a variety of people distributed across a vast area from Eastern Europe to Siberia and Western China. ...

See also: Subdivisions of Russia Being the largest country in the world, and one of the most populated, Russia incorporates several types and levels of subdivisions. ...


Time zone

Khakassia is located in the Krasnoyarsk Time Zone (KRAT/KRAST). UTC offset is +0700 (KRAT)/+0800 (KRAST). Coordinated Universal Time or UTC, also sometimes referred to as Zulu time or Z, is an atomic realization of Universal Time (UT) or Greenwich Mean Time, the astronomical basis for civil time. ...

Administrative divisions

Main article: Administrative divisions of Khakassia

Cities and towns under republics jurisdiction: Abakan (Абакан) (capital) Abaza (Абаза) Chernogorsk (Черногорск) Urban settlements under the towns jurisdiction: Prigorsk (Пригорск) Sayanogorsk (Саяногорск) Urban settlements under the towns jurisdiction: Cheryomushki (Черёмушки) Mayna (Майна) Sorsk (Сорск) Districts: Altaysky (Алтайский) with 10 selsovets under the districts jurisdiction. ...


Population (2002): 546,072. 2002 (MMII) is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Ethnic groups: As per the 2002 census, ethnic Russians at 438,395 (80.27%) constitute by far the largest group of the population, followed by the Khakas at 65,421 (11.98%), Volga Germans at 9,161 (1.68%), Ukrainians at 8,360 (1.53%) and so on. All in all, 117 distinct ethnic groups are listed for the republic. The Khakas, or Khakass, are a Turkic people, who live in Russia, in the republic of Khakassia in the southern Siberia. ... The Volga Germans are ethnic Germans living near the Volga River and the Black Sea, maintaining German culture, German language, German traditions and religions: Evangelical Lutherans or Roman Catholic. ...


The Khakas are a Turkic-speaking people related to the Kyrgyz (they may be descendants of Kyrgyz who remained behind when the bulk of that nation began migrating southwest). Traditionally they lived in the middle reaches of the Yenisei river in Siberia and were nomadic herders. In the last two centuries they have become Christianized (converts to Russian Orthodoxy) and forced to become sedentary by the Russian government. The region was established on 10 October 1930. It was given republic status in 1991. The Khakas, or Khakass, are a Turkic people, who live in Russia, in the republic of Khakassia in the southern Siberia. ... Kirghiz (also Kyrgyz) are a Turkic ethnic group found primarily in Kyrgyzstan. ... Енисей Length 5,550 (4,102) km Elevation of the source m Average discharge 19,600 m³/s Area watershed 2,580,000 km² Origin  ? Mouth Arctic Ocean Basin countries Russia The Yenisei basin, Lake Baikal, and the cities of Dikson, Dudinka, Turukhansk, Krasnoyarsk, Irkutsk Yenisei (Енисе́й) is a river... As a noun, Christian is an appellation and moniker deriving from the appellation Christ, which many people associate exclusively with Jesus of Nazareth. ... The Russian Orthodox Church (Русская Православная церковь) is that body of Christians who are united under the Patriarch of Moscow, who in turn is in communion with the other patriarchs of the Eastern Orthodox Church. ... October 10 is the 283rd day of the year (284th in Leap years). ... 1930 (MCMXXX) is a common year starting on Wednesday. ... 1991 (MCMXCI) is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The main industries in the republic are coal mining, ore mining, and timber.

Administrative subdivisions of Russia Flag of Russia
Federal subjects
Republics Adygeya | Altai | Bashkortostan | Buryatia | Chechnya | Chuvashia | Dagestan | Ingushetia | Kabardino-Balkaria | Karelia | Khakassia | Komi | Kalmykia | Karachay-Cherkessia | Mari El | Mordovia | North Ossetia-Alania | Sakha | Tatarstan | Tuva | Udmurtia
Krais Altai | Khabarovsk | Krasnodar | Krasnoyarsk1 | Perm | Primorsky | Stavropol
Oblasts Amur | Arkhangelsk | Astrakhan | Belgorod | Bryansk | Chelyabinsk | Chita | Irkutsk2 | Ivanovo | Kaliningrad | Kaluga | Kamchatka3 | Kemerovo | Kirov | Kostroma | Kurgan | Kursk | Leningrad | Lipetsk | Magadan | Moscow | Murmansk | Nizhny Novgorod | Novgorod | Novosibirsk | Omsk | Orenburg | Oryol | Penza | Pskov | Rostov | Ryazan | Sakhalin | Samara | Saratov | Smolensk | Sverdlovsk | Tambov | Tomsk | Tver | Tula | Tyumen | Ulyanovsk | Vladimir | Volgograd | Vologda | Voronezh | Yaroslavl
Federal cities Moscow | St. Petersburg
Autonomous oblast Jewish
Autonomous districts Aga Buryatia | Chukotka | Evenkia1 | Khantia-Mansia | Koryakia3 | Nenetsia | Taymyria1 | Ust-Orda Buryatia2 | Yamalia
  1. On January 1, 2007, Evenkia and Taymyria will be merged into Krasnoyarsk Krai.
  2. A referendum is to be held on April 16, 2006 on the merger of Irkutsk Oblast and Ust-Orda Buryatia.
  3. On October 23, 2005, a referendum was held on the merger of Kamchatka Oblast and Koryakia to form Kamchatka Krai. The result was in favour; the merger will occur some time in 2007 (no official date has been set yet).
Federal districts
Central | Southern | Northwestern | Far East | Siberian | Urals | Privolzhsky (Volga)

  Results from FactBites:
Khakasiya Paper Money (353 words)
Prior to 1991 Khakassia was an autonomous oblast within the Krasnoyarsk Krai.
By the autumn of 1996 the government of Khakassia had accumulated huge debts with their pensioners.
The text on the front of the note reads "obligatory to acceptance in specialized enterprises and organizations serving pensioners in the territory of the Republic of Khakassia".
Regional Overview for Khakassia Republic, Russia (1472 words)
Situated in the central part of southern Siberia, the Khakassia Republic neighbors the Kemerovo Oblast and Altai Krai to the west, Krasnoyarsk Krai to the north and east, and the Tyva Republic to the south.
In 1991 Khakassia obtained the status of a Republic as a sovereign subject of the Russian Federation.
Khakassia is situated in the center of the Asian continent and is primarily hilly land, in the north – plains in the south – and the mountains have enormous tracks of woodland.
  More results at FactBites »



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