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Encyclopedia > Khai Dinh

Emperor Khai Dinh (啟定帝) (Nguyen Buu Dao) was the 12th Emperor of the Nguyen Dynasty in Vietnam. His name at birth was Prince Nguyen Buu Dao. He was the son of the Emperor Dong Khanh, but he did not succeed him immediately. An emperor is a (male) monarch, usually the sovereign ruler of an empire or another type of imperial realm. ... The Nguyễn Dynasty (阮朝) was a line of rulers of Vietnam in the 19th century to mid-20th century. ... Emperor Đồng Khánh (同慶帝; [unknown] - 1889) was the 9th Emperor of the Nguyá»…n Dynasty of Vietnam. ...


Biography

After the Emperor Dong Khanh era came the eras of Emperor Thanh Thai and Emperor Duy Tan, both of whom were exiled by the French for their resistance to the colonial regime. After this trouble, the French decided to enthrone Buu Dao as he was the son of the monarch who was the most submissive Nguyen collaborator with the colonial regime, standing with the French colonizers and opposing any independence movements, Emperor Dong Khanh. Emperor Thành Thái Emperor Thành Thái of the Vietnamese Nguyễn Dynasty was born Prince Nguyễn Phúc Bửu Lân, son of Emperor Dục Đức. ... Emperor Duy Tân (維新帝) was one of only two Nguyễn Dynasty emperors to gain widespread respect and popularity in Vietnam. ... Emperor Đồng Khánh (同慶帝; [unknown] - 1889) was the 9th Emperor of the Nguyễn Dynasty of Vietnam. ...


Nguyen Buu Dao became "Emperor of Annam" on May 18, 1916, after the exile of Duy Tan (Nguyen Vinh San) and took the name Khai Dinh for his reign, meaning "auger of peace and stability". He said he wanted to restore the prestige of the empire, but this was not possible with his close collaboration with the French occupiers. Although not satisfied with his position, Khai Dinh enacted a policy of close collaboration with the French government, following all of their instructions to give 'legitimacy' to French policies. May 18 is the 138th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (139th in leap years). ... 1916 (MCMXVI) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... Emperor Duy Tân (維新帝) was one of only two Nguyễn Dynasty emperors to gain widespread respect and popularity in Vietnam. ...


Because of this, Khai Dinh was very unpopular with the Vietnamese people. The nationalist leader Phan Chu Trinh accused him of selling out his country to the French and living in imperial luxury while the people were exploited by France. Nguyen Ai Quoc (later known as Ho Chi Minh) wrote a play about Khai Dinh called "The Bamboo Dragon" that ridiculed him as being all grand appearance and ceremony but a powerless puppet of the French in government. His 1922 visit to France to see the Marseilles Colonial Exhibition was also ridiculed by nationalist leaders, who naturally hated Vietnam's status as a colonial subject of France and saw nothing in the exhibition worth celebrating. Phan Chu Trinh (His name has no tones, this is a correct spelling) also known as Phan Châu Trinh (1872 - 1926) was a famous early 20th century Vietnamese nationalist. ... Official portrait of Hồ Chí Minh Hồ Chí Minh (May 19, 1890 – September 2, 1969) was a Vietnamese revolutionary and statesman, who later became Prime Minister (1946-1955) and President (1955-1969) of North Vietnam. ... 1922 (MCMXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ...

Emperor Khai Dinh and Prince Vinh Thuy (Emperor Bao Dai) in Paris, France

Emperor Khai Dinh's unpopularity reached its peak in 1923 when he authorized the French to raise taxes on the Vietnamese peasants, part of which was to pay for the building of his palatial tomb, and which caused a great deal of hardship. He also signed the orders of arrest against many nationalist leaders, such as Phan Boi Chau and Phan Dinh Phung, forcing them into exile and having their followers who were captured beheaded. Download high resolution version (1024x772, 110 KB)Fair use confirmed http://www. ... Download high resolution version (1024x772, 110 KB)Fair use confirmed http://www. ... Phan Bội Châu (Chữ nôm 潘佩珠 1867-1940) was a pioneer of Vietnamese 20th century nationalism. ...


Emperor Khai Dinh suffered poor health like his father and became a drug addict. His only son was Prince Nguyen Vinh Thuy, who he sent to France to be raised and educated. When he died in 1925, most Vietnamese people were totally unconcerned aside from one or two monarchist-funded papers. His tomb, a mixture of French and Vietnamese architecture, is symbolic of his nominal reign. 1925 (MCMXXV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ...


External links

Preceded by:
Emperor Duy Tan
Nguyễn Dynasty Succeeded by:
Emperor Bao Dai

  Results from FactBites:
 
Khai Dinh - definition of Khai Dinh in Encyclopedia (410 words)
Khai Dinh was the 12th Emperor of the Nguyen Dynasty, the last of the Vietnamese dynasties, from 1916 till his death.
Although not satisfied with his position, Khai Dinh enacted a policy of close collaboration with the French government, following all of their instructions to give 'legitimacy' to French policies.
In 1925, Emperor Khai Dinh died and his son Prince Nguyen Vinh Thuy (Bao Dai) succeeded as the Son of Heaven.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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