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Encyclopedia > Kevin O'Higgins
Kevin O'Higgins

Vice-President of the Executive Council

Periods in office:
6 December 192210 July 1927 December 6 is the 340th day (341st on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1922 (MCMXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... July 10 is the 191st day (192nd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 174 days remaining. ... 1927 (MCMXXVII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ...

Predecessor(s) Newly created office
Successor(s) Ernest Blythe
Born 7 June 1892
Laois, Ireland
Died 10 July 1927
Dublin, Ireland
Political party Cumann na nGaedhael

Kevin Christopher O'Higgins (Irish name Caoimhín Críostóir Ó hUiginn; June 7, 1892July 10, 1927). Ernest Blythe (Ir: Earnán de Blaghd) (April 13, 1889–February 23, 1975), Irish politician. ... June 7 is the 158th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (159th in leap years), with 207 days remaining. ... 1892 (MDCCCXCII) was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Laois (pronounced Leash), also spelt Laoighis or Leix, is a county in the midlands of Ireland. ... July 10 is the 191st day (192nd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 174 days remaining. ... 1927 (MCMXXVII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: 53. ... Cumann na nGaedhael (League of the Gaels), sometimes spelt Cumann na nGaedheal,[1] was an Irish language name given to two Irish political parties, the second of which had the greater impact. ... A formal Irish Gaelic name consists of a given name and a surname, as in English. ... June 7 is the 158th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (159th in leap years), with 207 days remaining. ... 1892 (MDCCCXCII) was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... July 10 is the 191st day (192nd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 174 days remaining. ... 1927 (MCMXXVII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ...


Kevin O'Higgins was born in County Laois and was educated at the Jesuit-run Clongowes Wood, at St. Patrick's Seminary at Maynooth, and at University College Dublin. He joined Sinn Féin and was imprisoned in 1918. While he was imprisoned he became MP for Laois. County Laois (pronounced Leash), also spelt Laoighis or Leix (Irish: Contae Laoise) , is a county in the midlands of Ireland. ... Clongowes Wood College is a prestigious boys-only secondary school in County Kildare, Ireland run by the Society of Jesus (The Jesuits) since 1814, making it one of Irelands oldest Catholic schools. ... WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: 53. ... University College Dublin - National University of Ireland, Dublin - more commonly University College Dublin (UCD) - is Irelands largest university, with over 20,000 students. ... Sinn Féin (pronounced in English, in Irish) is a name used by a series of Irish political movements of the 20th century, each of which claimed sole descent from the original party established by Arthur Griffith in 1905. ... A Member of Parliament, or MP, is a representative elected by the voters of an electoral district to a parliament; in the Westminster system, specifically to the lower house. ... Laois (pronounced Leash), also spelt Laoighis or Leix, is a county in the midlands of Ireland. ...


In 1919 O'Higgins was appointed Assistant Minister for Local Government. He was strongly in favour of accepting the Treaty in 1921. In 1922 he was elected TD for Laois-Offaly. In the first government he became Minister for Justice and External Affairs, as well as Vice-President of the Executive Council (Deputy Prime Minister). A Teachta Dála (Irish for Dáil Deputy, pronounced chock-ta dawla) is a member of Dáil Éireann, the lower chamber of the Irish Oireachtas or National Parliament. ... Laois (pronounced Leash), also spelt Laoighis or Leix, is a county in the midlands of Ireland. ... County Offaly (Irish: Uíbh Fhailí) is a county in Leinster, Ireland, bordered by seven other counties: Galway, Roscommon, Westmeath, Meath, Kildare, Laois, and Tipperary. ...


Sinn Féin split over the Anglo-Irish Treaty. In the debate that took place in the Dáil on the Treaty, O'Higgins outlined the reasons for his support thus: Signature page of the Anglo-Irish Treaty The Anglo-Irish Treaty, officially called the Articles of association between Ireland and the British Empire, was a treaty between the Government of the United Kingdom and representatives of the (extra-judicial) Irish Republic which concluded the Anglo-Irish War. ... Dáil Éireann[1] is the lower house of the Oireachtas (parliament) of the Republic of Ireland. ...

Last October the Minister of Local Government W.T. Cosgrave and myself came deliberately to the decision that we would not recommend any settlement involving allegiance to the king of England. That is true, but I am not ashamed to plead guilty to the fact that I consider political realities and the consequence of my vote... I would have gone back to war rather than recommend a settlement involving allegiance if the Treaty had not been signed. But I face the political situation and realise that some of the biggest personalities in our movement ... have considered this is the last ounce [that] could be got from England, and who, knowing the situation better than I do, attached their names to that document. William Thomas Cosgrave, (June 6, 1880 - November 16, 1965) served as the first President of the Executive Council of the Irish Free State from 1922 to 1932. ... An oath of allegiance is an oath whereby a subject or citizen acknowledges his duty of allegiance and swears loyalty to his monarch or country. ... Royal motto (French): Dieu et mon droit (Translated: God and my right) Englands location (dark green) within the United Kingdom (light green), with the Republic of Ireland (blue) to its west Languages English Capital London Largest city London Area – Total Ranked 1st UK 130,395 km² Population –mid-2004... Royal motto (French): Dieu et mon droit (Translated: God and my right) Englands location (dark green) within the United Kingdom (light green), with the Republic of Ireland (blue) to its west Languages English Capital London Largest city London Area – Total Ranked 1st UK 130,395 km² Population –mid-2004...

When running for election in 1922, he told a crowd:

I have not abandoned any political aspirations to which I have given expression in the past, but in the existing circumstances I advise the people to trust to evolution rather than revolution for their attainment.

When the Irish Civil War broke out he tried to restore law and order by introducing tough measures. He feared, as did many of his colleagues, that a prolonged civil conflict would give the British an excuse, in the eyes of the world, to reassert their control in the Free State. Between 1922 and 1923 Kevin O'Higgins ordered the execution of seventy-seven republican prisoners of war including Rory O'Connor who had been best man at his wedding. He was given a nominal posting to the Irish Army during the early stages of the war, which he described as "very short, though very brilliant". General Richard Mulcahy was less impressed, recalling that "O'Higgins' personal presence in the Adjutant-General's office at that time (July-August 1922) was the personal presence of a person who didn't understand what was going on". Combatants Irish Republican Army (1922-1969) Irish Army of the Irish Free State Commanders Liam Lynch Michael Collins Richard Mulcahy Strength c. ... 1922 (MCMXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... 1923 (MCMXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Irish Army is the main branch of the Irish Defence Forces of the Republic of Ireland. ... Richard Mulcahy General Richard James Mulcahy (10 May 1886 – 16 December 1971) was an Irish politician, leader of Fine Gael and Cabinet Minister. ...


O'Higgins also set up An Garda Síochána (an unarmed police force). As Minister for External Affairs he successfully increased Ireland's autonomy within the Commonwealth of Nations. O'Higgins was seen very much as the "strong man" of the Cabinet. He once described himself as one of "the most conservative-minded revolutionaries that ever put through a successful revolution". Though many of his opponents characterised him as having fascist tendencies, O'Higgins was to the fore in resisting the small wing of Cumann na nGaedheal who looked to Italy for inspiration. He was not a strong proponent of gender equality and when asked by Labour Party (Ireland) leader Thomas Johnson in the Dáil whether he believed giving women the vote had been a success, O'Higgins replied, "I would not like to pronounce an opinion on it in public." He famously derided the socialist influenced Democratic Programme of the First Dáil as "mostly poetry". Before his death, he toyed with Arthur Griffith's idea of a dual monarchy in order to end the Partition of Ireland. A member of the motorcycle unit of the Garda Síochána. ... The Commonwealth of Nations, usually known as the Commonwealth, is an association of 53 independent sovereign states, almost all of which are former territories of the British Empire. ... Fascism (in Italian, fascismo), capitalized, was the authoritarian political movement which ruled Italy from 1922 to 1943 under the leadership of Benito Mussolini. ... Cumann na nGaedheal (League of the Gaels) was an Irish language name given to two Irish political parties. ... Feminism is a social theory and political movement primarily informed and motivated by the experience of women. ... The Labour Party (Irish: Páirtí an Lucht Oibre) is a social democratic political party in the Republic of Ireland. ... This article is about Thomas Johnson the Irish politician. ... The Democratic Programme was a declaration of economic and social principles adopted by the First Dáil at its first meeting on 21st January, 1919. ... The First Dáil (Irish: An Chéad Dáil) was Dáil Éireann as it convened from 1919–1921. ... Arthur Griffith (Art Ó Gríofa in Irish) (March 31, 1872 – August 12, 1922) was the founder and first leader of Sinn Féin. ... King George V, the first monarch to reign in the Irish Free State. ... The Partition of Ireland took place in May 1921. ...


On July 10, 1927, O'Higgins was assassinated at the age of 35 on the Booterstown Avenue side of Cross Avenue in Blackrock, County Dublin by three anti-Treaty members of the IRA, Timothy Coughlin, Bill Gannon and Archie Doyle, in revenge for his part in the executions of IRA men during the civil war. July 10 is the 191st day (192nd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 174 days remaining. ... 1927 (MCMXXVII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... Statistics Province: Leinster County Town: Dublin Code: D Area: 921 km² Population (2002) 1,122,821 County Dublin (Irish: Contae Bhaile Átha Cliath), or more correctly the Dublin Region[1] (Réigiúin Átha Cliath), is the area that contains the city of Dublin, the capital and largest city of... Following the signing of the Anglo-Irish Treaty on 6 December 1921, the Irish Republican Army in the 26 counties that were to become the Irish Free State split between supporters and opponents of the Treaty. ...


His brother Thomas F. O'Higgins and nephews Tom O'Higgins and Michael O'Higgins were later elected TDs. Dr. Thomas F. OHiggins was a senior Irish politician. ... Tom OHiggins (July 23, 1916 - February 25, 2003), was an Irish Fine Gael politician, a barrister, and a judge. ... Michael J. OHiggins was an Irish politician. ...


Political career

Preceded by:
Newly Created Office
Assistant Minister for Local Government
1919–1922
Succeeded by:
Lorcan Robbins
Preceded by:
Robert Barton
Minister for Economic Affairs
Jan 1922–Sep 1922
Succeeded by:
Ernest Blythe
Preceded by:
Newly Created Office
Vice-President of the Executive Council
1922-1927
Preceded by:
Eamonn Duggan
Minister for Justice
1922–1927
Succeeded by:
W.T. Cosgrave
(acting)
Preceded by:
Desmond FitzGerald
Minister for External Affairs
Jun 1927-Jul 1927

An assistant is a person or electronic tool that helps some person (usually a higher athourity liek a king or CEO) with their work. ... The Minister for the Environment, Heritage and Local Government is the senior minister at the Department of the Environment, Heritage and Local Government (An Roinn Comhshaoil, Oidhreacht agus Rialtais Áitiúil) in the Irish Government. ... Robert Childers Barton (1881- August 10, 1975) was an Irish lawyer, statesman and farmer who participated in the negotiations leading up to the signature of the Anglo-Irish Treaty. ... The Minister for Economic Affairs was the name of a government department in the illegal government of Ireland, Dáil Éireann. ... Ernest Blythe (Ir: Earnán de Blaghd) (April 13, 1889–February 23, 1975), Irish politician. ... The Vice-President of the Executive Council (Irish: Leas-Uachtarán na hArd-Chomhairle) was in effect the deputy prime minister of the Irish Free State, the Executive Council. ... Eamonn Duggan (1874- June 6, 1936) was an Irish lawyer, nationalist and politician. ... The Minister for Justice, Equality & Law Reform is the chief minister in charge of law and order in the Republic of Ireland. ... William Thomas Cosgrave, (June 6, 1880 - November 16, 1965) served as the first President of the Executive Council of the Irish Free State from 1922 to 1932. ... Desmond FitzGerald (1888-1947), Irish revolutionary, poet and Cumann na nGaedhael politician. ... The Minister for Foreign Affairs is the senior minister at the Department of Foreign Affairs (An Roinn Gnóthaí Eachtracha) in the Irish Government. ...

See also



There is a tradition in Irish politics of having family members succeed each other in the same parliamentary seat. ...

Vice-Presidents of the Executive Council Government of Ireland

Kevin O'Higgins | Ernest Blythe | Seán T. Ó Ceallaigh | The Vice-President of the Executive Council (Irish: Leas-Uachtarán na hArd-Chomhairle) was in effect the deputy prime minister of the Irish Free State, the Executive Council. ... The Coat of Arms of the Republic of Ireland This image depicts a seal, an emblem, a coat of arms or a crest. ... Ernest Blythe (Ir: Earnán de Blaghd) (April 13, 1889–February 23, 1975), Irish politician. ... Sean Thomas OKelly (Irish name: Seán Tomás Ó Ceallaigh, pronounced ) (August 25, 1882 - November 23, 1966) was the second President of Ireland (1945-1959). ...


Tánaistithe na hÉireann
Seán T. Ó Ceallaigh | Seán F. Lemass | William Norton | Seán MacEntee | Frank Aiken | Erskine H. Childers | Brendan Corish | George Colley | Michael O'Leary | Ray MacSharry | Dick Spring | Peter Barry | Brian Lenihan | John P. Wilson | Bertie Ahern | Mary Harney |
The Tánaiste (plural: Tánaistithe), or more formally An Tánaiste, is the deputy prime minister of the Republic of Ireland1. ... Sean Thomas OKelly (Irish name: Seán Tomás Ó Ceallaigh, pronounced ) (August 25, 1882 - November 23, 1966) was the second President of Ireland (1945-1959). ... ... William Norton (1900-1963), Irish politician, Labour Party leader (1932-1960). ... Seán MacEntee (1889 – 1984) was a senior Irish politician. ... Frank Aiken (February 13, 1898 - May 18, 1983) was a senior Irish politician. ... Erskine Hamilton Childers (11 November 1905 - 17 November 1974), the son of Robert Erskine Childers (author of The Riddle of the Sands), served as the fourth President of Ireland from 1973 until his death in 1974. ... Brendan Corish ( 1918- 1990), Irish Labour leader ( 1960- 1977). ... George Colley (18 October 1925 - 17 September 1983), was a senior Irish politician. ... Michael OLeary (8 May 1936 – 11 May 2006) was an Irish senior politician and barrister. ... Raymond (Ray) MacSharry (born April 29, 1938) is a former Irish politician. ... Richard Spring (born August 29, 1950 in Tralee County Kerry), is a businessman and former senior Irish politician. ... Peter Barry (born August 10, 1928) is a retired Irish Fine Gael politician and businessman. ... Brian Lenihan (November 17, 1930 - November 1, 1995) was a senior Irish Fianna Fáil politician. ... John P. Wilson (born 1923) was a senior Irish Fianna Fáil politician. ... Patrick Bartholomew Ahern (Irish name: Pádraig Parthalán Ó hEachthairn) (born 12 September 1951), commonly called Bertie Ahern, is an Irish politician. ... Mary Harney (born 11 March 1953) is an Irish politician who has been the leader of the Progressive Democrats (the sixth largest political party in Ireland) since 1993. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Kevin O'Higgins (1048 words)
Kevin Christopher O'Higgins (1892–1927) was born on 7 June 1892 in the Dispensary House, Stradbally, Queen's County (Laois).
O’Higgins was a strong supporter of the treaty and, in January 1922, became minister for economic affairs in the Second Dáil, holding the same position in the Provisional Government.
O'Higgins was buried in the north-west corner of Glasnevin cemetery, in the division known as St Brigid's, in the same grave as his infant son.
The J.U.S.T. Team (283 words)
He is also a member of the Ballymun 'Slí Eile' team.
Kevin O'Higgins, S.J. Kevin is Director of J.U.S.T. He also lectures in Philosophy at Dublin City University and the National College of Ireland.
He has lived in Ballmun for almost nine years.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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