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Encyclopedia > Kerman
Kerman
کرمان
Kerman in comparison to other major cities
Country Flag of Iran Iran
Province Kerman
Elevation 1,755 m (5,758 ft)
Population (2005)
 - City 533,799
  estimate
Time zone IRST (UTC)

Kerman Persian: کرمان is a city in Iran. It is the centre of Kerman province. Located in a large and flat plain, this city is located 1,076 km (669 mi) south of Tehran, capital of Iran. Kerman is a city along State Route 180 in Fresno County, California, USA. The population was 8,551 at the 2000 census. ... Image File history File links Red_pog. ... Image File history File links Bold textMap of Iran. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Iran. ... Iran consists of 30 provinces: Provinces are governed from a local center, mostly the largest local city. ... Kerman is one of the 30 provinces of Iran. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... This article is about the unit of length. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... Iran Standard Time (IRST) is the time zone used in Iran. ... ... “Farsi” redirects here. ... Kerman is one of the 30 provinces of Iran. ... For other uses, see Tehran (disambiguation). ...


Kerman city had an estimated population of 533,799 in 2005.[1]

Contents

Etymology

Kerman was mentioned by the Greeks by the name Karamani. Historical documents also refer to Kerman as Karmania, Kermania and Zhermanya.[2] The city was probably founded by the Sassanid king Ardashir I in the 3rd century, and for this reason it was called "Ardasheer Khoreh". The Muslim Arabs called this place Bardeseer or Bardesheer and the Iranians used to call it Guasheer. The Sassanid Empire in the time of Shapur I; the conquest of Cappadocia was temporary Official language Pahlavi (Middle Persian) Dominant Religion Zoroastrianism Capital Ctesiphon Sovereigns Shahanshah of the Iran (Eranshahr) First Ruler Ardashir I Last Ruler Yazdegerd III Establishment 224 AD Dissolution 651 AD Part of the History of... Silver coin of Ardashir I with a fire altar on its verso (British Museum London). ... // Overview Events 212: Constitutio Antoniniana grants citizenship to all free Roman men 212-216: Baths of Caracalla 230-232: Sassanid dynasty of Persia launches a war to reconquer lost lands in the Roman east 235-284: Crisis of the Third Century shakes Roman Empire 250-538: Kofun era, the first...


History

Sassanid era horse head Found in Kerman
Sassanid era horse head Found in Kerman

It is believed, that Kerman has been founded as early as the 3rd century by Ardeshir I, founder of the Sassanian dynasty.[3] In Islamic time, Kerman was one of the important cultural centres of Iran.[4] Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1660x1650, 1264 KB) Description fr: Tête de cheval en argent doré, IVe siècle av. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1660x1650, 1264 KB) Description fr: Tête de cheval en argent doré, IVe siècle av. ...


Kerman was under the Seljuk Turks in the 11th and 12th cent., but remained virtually independent, conquering Oman and Fars.[5]


When Marco Polo visited the city in 1271 it had become a major trade emporium linking the Persian Gulf with Khorasan and Central Asia.[6] Subsequently, however, the city was sacked many times by various invaders.


Kerman was expanded rapidly during the Safavid Dynasty. Carpets and rugs were exported to England and Germany during this period.[7] The Safavid Empire at its 1512 borders. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ...


In 1793 Lotf Ali Khan defeated the Qajars and in 1794 captured Kerman. But soon, he was besieged in Kerman for six months by Agha Mohammad Khan. When the city fell to Agha Mohammad Khan, angered by the popular support that Lotf Ali Khan had received, all the male inhabitants were killed or blinded, and a pile was made out of 20,000 detached eyeballs and poured in front of the victorious Agha Muhammad Khan.[8] The women and children were sold into slavery, and the city was destroyed over ninety days. Lotf Ali Khan (1769 - 1794) was the last shah of Persia (resigned 1789-94) of the Zand dynasty. ...


The present city of Kerman was rebuilt in the nineteenth century to the northwest of the old city, but it did not recover until the twentieth century.


Geography

Kerman is located on a high margin of Kavir-e lut (Lut Desert) in the central south of Iran


Climate

The city's many districts are surrounded by mountains which bring variety to Kerman's year round weather pattern, thus the northern part of the city is located in an arid desert area, while the highland of the southern part of the city enjoys a more moderate climate. The mean elevation of the city is about 1755 m above sea level.


Kerman city has a moderate and the average annual rainfall is 135 mm. Because it is located close to the Kavir-e lut, Kerman has hot summers and in the spring it often has violent sand storms. Otherwise, its climate is relatively cool.[9]


Geological Characteristics

For the Iranian Paleontologists, Kerman has always been considered a fossil paradise. Finding new dinosaur footprints in 2005 has now revealed new hopes for Paleontologists to better understand the history of this area.[10] [11] A paleontologist carefully chips rock from a column of dinosaur vertebrae. ... For other uses, see Fossil (disambiguation). ... Orders & Suborders Saurischia Sauropodomorpha Theropoda Ornithischia Thyreophora Ornithopoda Marginocephalia Dinosaurs were vertebrate animals that dominated the terrestrial ecosystem for over 160 million years, first appearing approximately 230 million years ago. ... A footprint is an impression left by a foot or shoe, for example an indentation in soft ground or snow, or a mark left by mud etc from the sole of the foot. ... A paleontologist carefully chips rock from a column of dinosaur vertebrae. ...


Economy

Carpet weaving is one of the main industries of the city, and the carpets produced there are renowned internationally.[12] Carpet weaving is a very old tradition in Kerman. The oldest carpet discovered in Kerman, belongs to about 500 years ago, which proves the precedence of weaving in this city.[13] Cotton textiles and goats-wool shawls are also manufactured.[14]


A number of modern establishments such as textile mills and brickworks also have been constructed. The province's mineral wealth includes copper and coal.[15]


Culture

The archeological ancient city of Jiroft is located south of Kerman. Map of Iran showing the location of Jiroft. ...


Demography

Most of the population of Kerman are Shi'a Muslims; But Kerman also has a small but culturally significant Zoroastrian minority. Zoroastrianism was adapted from an earlier, polytheistic faith by Zarathushtra (Zoroaster) in Persia very roughly around 1000 BC (although, in the absence of written records, some scholars estimates are as late as 600 BC). ...


The population of the city in 1996 was 385,000 and the currnt population is 533,799. [16]


Government

Politics in Kerman are influenced by the former President Ali Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani, his brother and Vice President Mohammad Hashemi, and the Vice President Hossein Marashi, both from the nearby Rafsanjan. The President of Iran is the head of government. ... President Rafsanjani Akbar Hashemi Bahramani (Persian: اکبر هاشمی بهرمانی), famously known as Hashemi Rafsanjani (هاشمی رفسنجانی) (born August 25, 1934) is one of the most influential... Mohammad Hashemi is currently a member of the Expediency Discernment Council. ... Seyyed Hossein Marashi (سید حسین مرعشی; born 1958? in Rafsanjan) is the Iranian Vice President for Cultural Heritage and Tourism. ... Rafsanjan (Persian: رفسنجان) is a city in Iran, in the province of Kerman. ...

Colleges and universities

Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman is one of Iran's leading technological institutions. Other universities are: Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman is a research institution and university of engineering and science in Iran, offering both undergraduate and postgraduate studies. ...

  • Kerman University of Medical Sciences
  • Islamic Azad University of Kerman
  • Kerman Khaje-Nasir Higher Education Center

Kerman Medical University, also called Kerman University of Medical Sciences, is a university in Kerman, Iran. ...

Transportation

Kerman is on the Tehran, Bandar Abbas and Zahedan route. It's airport is counted as one of the main airports which has daily & weekly flights to Tehran, Ahwaz, Yazd, Esfahan, Bandar Abbas, Mashhad and Shiraz.[17] Also the Trans Iranian Railway passes through this city.[18] For other uses, see Tehran (disambiguation). ... Iranian province of Khuzestan and has a warm & humid climate. ... Yazd or Yezd (In Persian: یزد), is the capital of Yazd province, one of the most ancient and historic cities in Iran and a centre of Zoroastrian culture. ... Naghsh-i Jahan Square, Esfahan. ... Categories: Iran geography stubs | Cities in Iran | Coastal cities ... Mashhad (Persian: , literally the place of martyrdom) is the second largest city in Iran and one of the holiest cities in the Shiah world. ... For other uses, see Shiraz (disambiguation). ...


Famous people from Kerman

  • Ahmad Majd-oleslam Kermani
  • Saeid Jamshidi jam
  • Dr. Farhang-e-Mehr
  • Aghaye Haj Mohammad Karim Khan Kermani
  • Keikhosrow Shahrokh
  • Peyman Soltani, conductor of Perspolis orchester
  • Seyed hosein mareashi
  • Dr. Javad Nurbakhsh
  • Arash Borhani
  • Hosein Khajepour
  • Mohad Ebrahim Bastani Prizi
  • Ali Akbaar Sanati
  • Ali Akbar Abdolrashidi
  • Ali Khosravi
  • Mahmood Doai
  • Mohammad Javad Hojjati
  • Roohollah Khaleghi
  • Said Nafisi
  • Mirza Reza Kermani
  • Dariush Rafiai
  • Ali Reza Bastami
  • Erfan Rezamand

// Introduction ...Given that on this vast planet, every nation is pursuing her own course and at the same time trying to recognize and appreciate her children who have contributed to her success, . There cant be any comments on Ferdowsi and his services to this land - a land that had almost... Peyman Soltani (Born 1970 Kerman) is a notable Persian musician and conductor of Perspolis Orchestra (Nations Orchestra). ... The present master of the Nimatullahi Sufi Order is Dr. Javad Nurbakhsh. ... Arash Borhani (Persian: , born September 14, 1983 in Kerman, Iran) is an Iranian football player, who currently joined IPL giants Esteghlal F.C. // Having just moved to PAS Tehran F.C. in the IPL, he helped the club to finish second in the IPL 2002/03 season. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Saeed Nafisi (also Naficy) (b. ...

External links

  • Dotcom Company
  • Iran Chamber Society's page on Kerman
  • Kerman in "Iran Chamber Society"
  • Photos of historic sites in Kerman
  • Edareh Kar Kerman

References

  1. ^ http://www.mongabay.com/igapo/2005_world_city_populations/Iran.html
  2. ^ http://www.mideasttravelling.net/iran/kerman/kerman_history.htm
  3. ^ http://www.mideasttravelling.net/iran/kerman/kerman_history.htm
  4. ^ http://www.mideasttravelling.net/iran/kerman/kerman_history.htm
  5. ^ http://www.answers.com/topic/kerman?cat=travel
  6. ^ http://www.answers.com/topic/kerman?cat=travel
  7. ^ http://www.iranchamber.com/cities/kerman/kerman.php
  8. ^ Hasan Pir Nia, A. Eghbal Ashtiani, History of Persia (Tarikh-i Iran), ISBN 9646895166, Tehran, 2003, p.655
  9. ^ http://www.iranchamber.com/cities/kerman/kerman.php
  10. ^ http://www.payvand.com/news/05/jan/1067.html
  11. ^ http://irandaily.ir/1383/2185/html/art.htm
  12. ^ http://www.answers.com/topic/kerman?cat=travel
  13. ^ http://www.caroun.com/Rug/CountriesRug/IranRug/KermanRug/2KermanRug-History.html
  14. ^ http://www.mideasttravelling.net/iran/kerman/kerman_history.htm
  15. ^ http://www.answers.com/topic/kerman?cat=travel
  16. ^ http://www.mongabay.com/igapo/2005_world_city_populations/Iran.html
  17. ^ http://www.iranchamber.com/cities/kerman/kerman.php
  18. ^ http://www.iranchamber.com/cities/kerman/kerman.php

Coordinates: 30°17′13″N, 57°04′09″E Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Kerman - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (339 words)
Kerman (in Persian: کرمان) is a city in Iran.
Kerman city had an estimated population of 533,799 in 2005.
Politics in Kerman are influenced by the former President Ali Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani and the Vice President Hossein Marashi, both from the nearby Rafsanjan.
Kerman Province - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (829 words)
Kerman is one of the 30 provinces of Iran.
The main townships of Kerman province are: Baft, Bardseer, Bam, Jiroft, Rafsanjan, Zarand, Sirjan, Shahr-e-Babak, Kerman, Mahan and Kahnooj.
The city of Kerman and the surrounding regions have a semi-moderate and dry climate, with a maximum and minimum temperature of 39.6° C, and -7° C respectively.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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